Basic Principles of Sinusoidal Oscillators

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Basic Principles of Sinusoidal Oscillators"

Transcription

1 Basic Principles of Sinusoidal Oscillators Linear oscillator Linear region of circuit: linear oscillation Nonlinear region of circuit: amplitudes stabilization Barkhausen criterion X S Amplifier A X O X f Frequency-selective network Loop gain L(s) = β(s)a(s) haracteristic equation -L(s) = Oscillation criterion L(jw ) = A(jw ) β(jw ) = Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan - 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6

2 Basic Principles of Sinusoidal Oscillators (ont.) At w, the phase of the loop should be zero and the magnitude of the loop gain should be unity Oscillation frequency w is determined solely by φ Δφ Δω dφ dω Δφ ω ω A steep phase response results in a small given change in phase w for a Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan - 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6

3 Nonlinear Amplitude ontrol o sustain oscillation: βa a. Overdesign for βa variations b. Oscillation will grow in amplitude Poles are in the right half of the s-plane c. Nonlinear network reduces βa to when the desired amplitude is reached Poles will be pulled to jw-axis Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan - 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6

4 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan -4 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 Nonlinear Amplitude ontrol (ont.) Limiter circuit for amplitude control Linear region O A B ( f ) 4 i 4 5 O O I D D f A 4 B 5 O -

5 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6-5 Nonlinear Amplitude ontrol (ont.) Nonlinear region ) ( L similarly, ) ( ) ( L 5 4 D 5 4 O D D - O D B D A f ) ( Slope L L 4 f ) ( Slope O I f Slope

6 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan -6 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 Wien-bridge oscillator L ) L s jω) ω L s OPAMP- Oscillator ircuits Z S S j ω ω For phase,ω p Z Z ) p s d ω Z P _ Z S O

7 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan -7 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 OPAMP- Oscillator ircuits (ont.) Wien-bridge oscillator with a limiter 5 D k a.k k _ 4 k O k 6nF 6nF k 5 k D b 6 k 5

8 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan -8 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 OPAMP- Oscillator ircuits (ont.) v O 5k p b k a - 6nF 6nF k k

9 Phase-Shift Oscillator Without amplitude stabilization -K phase shift of the network is 8 degrees. otal phase shift around the loop is or 6 degrees. Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan -9 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6

10 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan - 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 Phase-Shift Oscillator (ont.) With amplitude stabilization k t 5k x 6nF 6nF 6nF k k _ D vo D 4

11 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan - 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 OP : inverting integrator with amplitude control OP : noninverting integrator 4 - Quadrature Oscillator v O v - f v O Equivalent circuit at the input of OP Set v(t) v v f O O (t) (s) t vo(t) dt t vo(t) dt vo(s) s _ v O X _ OP v O v OP f (Nominally )

12 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan - 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 Quadrature Oscillator (ont.) Break the loop at X, loop gain L(s) = O oscillation frequency X (s) (s) = - s w s - s o is the integral of o 9 phase difference between o and o quadrature oscillator

13 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan - 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 Block diagram Active-Filter uned Oscillator f PSD - t PSD t 5f o f o f o... Frequency - f o Frequency High-distortion v High-Q bandpass low-distortion v

14 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan -4 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 Active-Filter uned Oscillator (ont.) Practical implementation Q - -

15 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan -5 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 A General Form of L-uned Oscillator onfiguration Many oscillator circuits fall into a general form shown below O ˆ - A I Z Z Z O O - A ˆ v Z Z Z O Z L Z L Z, Z, Z : capacitive or inductive

16 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6-6 A General Form of L-uned Oscillator onfiguration (ont.) v v v O v O v O L v O L O O L L v O X X A X X X A ) X (X X X X A X X X oscillation, for ) X (X X ) X X (X j X X A capacitance for ω X inductance ωl for X jx Z, jx Z jx, Z if ) Z (Z Z ) Z Z (Z Z Z A, Z Z Z Z A Z Z Z A ˆ ˆ ˆ

17 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan -7 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 A General Form of L-uned Oscillator onfiguration (ont.) With oscillation = and i.e. = =, 6, 7, degree. (X =ωl or X = - ) ω X & X must have the same sign if A v is positive X & X are L, X = -(X + X ) is or X & X are, X = -(X + X ) is L ransistor oscillators.ollpitts oscillator -- X & X are s, X is L.Hartley oscillator -- X & X are Ls, X is

18 L-uned Oscillators wo commonly used configurations olpitts (feedback is achieved by using a capacitive divider) DD L L Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan -8 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6

19 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan -9 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 L-uned Oscillators (ont.) Hartley (feedback is achieved by using an inductive divider) DD L L L L

20 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan - 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 olpitts oscillator Equivalent circuit L-uned Oscillators (ont.) s π L c π s L ) sπ π g m π π ( gs for a FE) can be considered to be a part of = loss of inductor + load resistance of oscillator + output resistance of transistor

21 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 - L-uned Oscillators (ont.) For oscillations to start, both the real and imaginary parts must be zero Oscillation frequency ) + L( = ω S=jw ] ) ( [ ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) )( ( L j L g g s L s L s L s s g s sl s m m m c w w w

22 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan - 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 Gain g m L-uned Oscillators (ont.) (Actually, g Oscillation amplitude.l tuned oscillators are known as self limiting oscillators. (As oscillations grown in amplitude, transistor gain is reduced below its small signal value).output voltage signal will be a sinusoid of high purity because of the filtering action of the L tuned circuit Hartley oscillator can be similarly analyzed m )

23 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan - 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 Symbol of crystal rystal Oscillators ircuit model of crystal L S P r

24 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan -4 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 rystal Oscillators (ont.) eactance of a crystal assuming r = Z(s) s ω Let ω If Z jω) P S P P sl s L L S S S ω ω j ω P ω ω, then ω ω P S P s S S P P s s L ) P L S S P S rystal reactance (rystal is high Q device) inductive ωs capacitive ω p ω

25 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan -5 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 rystal Oscillators (ont.) he crystal reactance is inductive over the narrow frequency band between ω s and ω p olpitts crystal oscillator onfiguration Equivalent circuit L P crystal π S v S - w P, L, S w S w P

26 Pierce oscillator rystal Oscillators (ont.) Almost all digital clock oscillators are Pierce oscillators Derived from olpitts oscillator Inverter with feedback resistor as an inverting amplifier eplacement of the E amplifier f o DD o = i crystal D operation point i Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan -6 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6

27 Multivibrators Multivibrators bistable: two stable states ( types) monostable: one stable state astable: no stable state Bistable Has two stable states an be obtained by connecting an amplifier in a positive-feedback loop having a loop gain greater than unity. I.e. βa> where β= /( + ) Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan -7 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6

28 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan -8 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 Bistable Multivibrators (ont.) Bistable circuit with clockwise hysteresis v o v + L v I - - v O L - L H v I lockwise hysteresis (or inverting hysteresis) L + :positive saturation voltage of OPAMP L - :negative saturation voltage of OPAMP H L βl βl L L Hysteresis width = H - L

29 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan -9 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 Noninverting Bistable ircuit ounterclockwise hysteresis onfiguration v I - v + - v O L L v o H v I L - v v I v O For v For v O O L L,, v v,, v v I I L H L H L L

30 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan - 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 Noninverting Bistable ircuit (ont.) omparator characteristics with hysteresis an reject interference Input Output Hysteresis buffer Signal corrupted with interference Input H L t Multiple Zero crossings Output t

31 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan - 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 Generation of Square and riangular Waveforms Using Astable Multivibrators an be done by connecting a bistable multivibrator with a circuit in a feedback loop. v o L v v L H v I H βl t L - L t L βl L -

32 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan - 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 Generation of Square and riangular Waveforms Using Astable Multivibrators (ont.) v O t) L t v + - v - L - ) t o L v - v O - H βl t - L H βl v t) βl o L - ime constant t = L βl

33 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan - 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 Generation of Square and riangular Waveforms Using Astable Multivibrators (ont.) During (t) if L ( ) L βl ) βl e t where, L L ) β ln β β During (t) if ( L ) L βl ) βl ln e β ; β (t ) L L ) β ln β L L is assumed)

34 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan -4 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 Generation of riangular Waveforms v o t _ L L H L - v I t Bistable Slope -L H L t t L Slope L L

35 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan -5 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 Generation of riangular Waveforms (ont.) During L L i dt where i H L L L H ; L During Similarily L H L Period = + o obtain symmetrical waveforms L L

36 Monostable Multivibrators Alternative name one shot Has one stable state (βl+ D) v E (t) an be triggered to a quasi-state v A (t) t L E D 4 L - _ A βl v (t) B βl - D D v B (t) o L βl - o L Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan -6 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6

37 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan -7 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 During Monostable Multivibrators (ont.) B B For (t) L () βl D (L L βl ln( βl D D )e L L L t ) (L D )e ln( ) β βl + is greater than D Stable state is maintained

38 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan -8 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 Monostable Multivibrators (ont.) Monostable multivibrator using NO gates v in in O X + DD O DD v O t NO NO DD DD X t DD DD v O t DD t

39 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan -9 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 Monostable Multivibrators (ont.) - - O DD v X - - O - DD DD v X - () v t v (e ) x DD v ( ) ( e ) x DD DD ln ln.69 DD DD where ; is NO gate threshold voltage v v x ( ) DD e t

40 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan -4 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 Monostable Multivibrators (ont.) Monostable multivibrator with catching diode DD in o D O NO x NO X 5.6 forward resistance of diode 5 D ime constant f ime constant t

41 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan -4 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 Astable Multivibrator Using NO(or Inverter) Gates v o X O O DD v _ v o DD t ransient behavior () < t < (i) v : when t= o DD (ii) v : when t= o DD (iii)v =( + )e x DD -t (iv)v =v - =- +( + )e c x O DD DD -t DD v X DD v t DD t t

42 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan -4 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 Astable Multivibrator Using NO(or Inverter) Gates (ont.) () < t < ( + ) (i) v : when t= (ii) v : o DD o DD x DD DD when t= (iii)v = -( + )e (t- ) (iv)v =v - =v = -( + )e c x O x DD DD (t- )

43 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan -4 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 Astable Multivibrator Using NO(or Inverter) Gates (ont.) Oscillation frequency v ( )= x t DD ( + )e = DD+ =ln DD If =, then =ln and =ln.455 oscillation frequency f = ln

44 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan -44 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 Astable Multivibrator Using NO(or Inverter) Gates (ont.) With catching diode at X X O O v _ f ln ln.7 Asymmetrical square wave DD (i) (ii) DD X O D D v _ O

45 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan -45 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 c + - eading Assignment: he 555 I imer Widely used as both a monostable and astable multivibrator n Used as a monostable multivibrator hreshold c rigger t H L omparator S Q omparator Q Q O v t (t) v c (t) H v O (t) v(t) S n Q n+ Q n N/A H L vt L ( e n t ) Dischargetransistor

46 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan -46 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 eading Assignment: he 555 I imer (ont.) For t v (t) [ ()]e t ( () E(sat) ) For t =, v ln ( ) H () ln ( () )

47 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan -47 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6 eading Assignment: he 555 I imer (ont.) Used as an astable multivibrator cc H= cc L = ( ) A B cc c S, cc c S, cc cc c S ln, ( )ln B A B Oscillation frequency t A B f hreshold c rigger t H L (A omparator omparator B )ln 555 timer chip S Q Q Q O Dischargetransistor

48 Sine-wave shaper Precision rectifier circuits Precision full-wave rectifiers Peak rectifier rystal oscillators Appendix APP- -48 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6

49 Sine-Wave Shaper Shape a triangular waveform into a sinusoid Extensively used in function generators Note: linear oscillators are not cost-effective for low v O v f t frequency application not easy to time over wide frequency ranges t APP- -49 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6

50 Sine-Wave Shaper (ont.) Nonlinear-amplification method For various input values, their corresponding output values can be calculated ransfer curve can be obtained and is similar to _ vo (Sine wave) v i (riangular wave) Q Q I I - EE APP- -5 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6

51 Sine-Wave Shaper (ont.) Breakpoint method Piecewise linear transfer curve Low-valued is assumed and are constant in in in D D D out ( in in ison(voltage drop D 5 ) ison limit 5 to 4 D ) D APP-4-5 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6

52 Sine-Wave Shaper (ont.) D in out D 5 5 in 4 D 5 4 out D 4 APP-5-5 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6

53 Precision ectifier ircuits Precision half-wave rectifier --- superdiode "Superdiode" O i _ A O i An alternate circuit O D _ D O i i APP-6-5 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6

54 Precision ectifier ircuits (ont.) Application:Measure A voltages D 4 i _ A D _ A O Average π P ;where p is the peak amplitude of an input sinusoid APP-7-54 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6

55 Precision ectifier ircuits (ont.) If ω 4 π P min 4 ;ω min is the lowest expected frequency of the input sine wave APP-8-55 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6

56 Precision Full-Wave ectifiers A D A A B D B B or L APP-9-56 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6

57 Precision Full-Wave ectifiers (ont.) i A _ A E D O O _ A D P i F L APP- -57 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6

58 With load Peak ectifier Super diode v i - _ L v O - Buffered D _ A D _ A v O - v i - APP- -58 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6

59 rystal Oscillators - + gd MHz XAL L 6~ uh stray M.kΩ D N68 S =pf.μf Bias circuit L - (For A,- and ground are the same=) APP- -59 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6

60 rystal Oscillators (ont.) AX v Since return ratio = X then X must be large for the loop gain to be greater than one. X is very large when ω closes to ω ωs ω ωp p and X +X +X = & X = X &X are inductive ω j Z =L//= = jω + ω + jω L ω L X = > ωl> ω> ω+ ω L ωl For MHz crystal, =pf L 84.4μH π L MHz APP- -6 Prof. ai-haur Kuo, EE, NKU, ainan ity, aiwan 郭泰豪, Electronics(), 6

CHAPTER 14 SIGNAL GENERATORS AND WAVEFORM SHAPING CIRCUITS

CHAPTER 14 SIGNAL GENERATORS AND WAVEFORM SHAPING CIRCUITS CHAPTER 4 SIGNA GENERATORS AND WAEFORM SHAPING CIRCUITS Chapter Outline 4. Basic Principles of Sinusoidal Oscillators 4. Op Amp RC Oscillators 4.3 C and Crystal Oscillators 4.4 Bistable Multivibrators

More information

Basic Principles of Sinusoidal Oscillators

Basic Principles of Sinusoidal Oscillators Basic Principles of Sinusoidal Oscillaors Linear oscillaor Linear region of circui : linear oscillaion Nonlinear region of circui : ampliudes sabilizaion Barkhausen crierion X S Amplifier A X O X f Frequency-selecive

More information

analyse and design a range of sine-wave oscillators understand the design of multivibrators.

analyse and design a range of sine-wave oscillators understand the design of multivibrators. INTODUTION In this lesson, we investigate some forms of wave-form generation using op amps. Of course, we could use basic transistor circuits, but it makes sense to simplify the analysis by considering

More information

Operational Amplifier (Op-Amp) Operational Amplifiers. OP-Amp: Components. Internal Design of LM741

Operational Amplifier (Op-Amp) Operational Amplifiers. OP-Amp: Components. Internal Design of LM741 (Op-Amp) s Prof. Dr. M. Zahurul Haq zahurul@me.buet.ac.bd http://teacher.buet.ac.bd/zahurul/ Department of Mechanical Engineering Bangladesh University of Engineering & Technology ME 475: Mechatronics

More information

Electronic Circuits EE359A

Electronic Circuits EE359A Electronic Circuits EE359A Bruce McNair B206 bmcnair@stevens.edu 201-216-5549 Lecture 18 379 Signal Generators and Waveform-shaping Circuits Ch 17 380 Stability in feedback systems Feedback system Bounded

More information

Nonlinear Op-amp Circuits

Nonlinear Op-amp Circuits deba21pratim@gmail.com Electronic Systems Group Department of Electrical Engineering IIT Bombay May 3, 2013 Overview of op-amp operating regions Linear Region Occurs when the op-amp output is stable i.e.

More information

EE 230 Lecture 25. Waveform Generators. - Sinusoidal Oscillators The Wein-Bridge Structure

EE 230 Lecture 25. Waveform Generators. - Sinusoidal Oscillators The Wein-Bridge Structure EE 230 Lecture 25 Waveform Generators - Sinusoidal Oscillators The Wein-Bridge Structure Quiz 9 The circuit shown has been proposed as a sinusoidal oscillator. Determine the oscillation criteria and the

More information

Electronic Circuits Summary

Electronic Circuits Summary Electronic Circuits Summary Andreas Biri, D-ITET 6.06.4 Constants (@300K) ε 0 = 8.854 0 F m m 0 = 9. 0 3 kg k =.38 0 3 J K = 8.67 0 5 ev/k kt q = 0.059 V, q kt = 38.6, kt = 5.9 mev V Small Signal Equivalent

More information

Electronics for Analog Signal Processing - II Prof. K. Radhakrishna Rao Department of Electrical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras

Electronics for Analog Signal Processing - II Prof. K. Radhakrishna Rao Department of Electrical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras Electronics for Analog Signal Processing - II Prof. K. Radhakrishna Rao Department of Electrical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras Lecture - 14 Oscillators Let us consider sinusoidal oscillators.

More information

Chapter 10 Feedback. PART C: Stability and Compensation

Chapter 10 Feedback. PART C: Stability and Compensation 1 Chapter 10 Feedback PART C: Stability and Compensation Example: Non-inverting Amplifier We are analyzing the two circuits (nmos diff pair or pmos diff pair) to realize this symbol: either of the circuits

More information

CARLETON UNIVERSITY. FINAL EXAMINATION December DURATION 3 HOURS No. of Students 130

CARLETON UNIVERSITY. FINAL EXAMINATION December DURATION 3 HOURS No. of Students 130 ALETON UNIVESITY FINAL EXAMINATION December 005 DUATION 3 HOUS No. of Students 130 Department Name & ourse Number: Electronics ELE 3509 ourse Instructor(s): Prof. John W. M. ogers and alvin Plett AUTHOIZED

More information

INTEGRATED CIRCUITS. For a complete data sheet, please also download:

INTEGRATED CIRCUITS. For a complete data sheet, please also download: INTEGRATED CIRCUITS DATA SHEET For a complete data sheet, please also download: The IC06 74HC/HCT/HCU/HCMOS Logic Family Specifications The IC06 74HC/HCT/HCU/HCMOS Logic Package Information The IC06 74HC/HCT/HCU/HCMOS

More information

ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS. Basic operational amplifier circuits. Electronic Systems - C3 13/05/ DDC Storey 1

ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS. Basic operational amplifier circuits. Electronic Systems - C3 13/05/ DDC Storey 1 Electronic Systems C3 3/05/2009 Politecnico di Torino ICT school Lesson C3 ELECTONIC SYSTEMS C OPEATIONAL AMPLIFIES C.3 Op Amp circuits» Application examples» Analysis of amplifier circuits» Single and

More information

EE 230 Lecture 24. Waveform Generators. - Sinusoidal Oscillators

EE 230 Lecture 24. Waveform Generators. - Sinusoidal Oscillators EE 230 Lecture 24 Waveform Generators - Sinusoidal Oscillators Quiz 18 Determine the characteristic equation for the following network without adding an excitation. C R L And the number is? 1 3 8 2? 6

More information

DESIGN MICROELECTRONICS ELCT 703 (W17) LECTURE 3: OP-AMP CMOS CIRCUIT. Dr. Eman Azab Assistant Professor Office: C

DESIGN MICROELECTRONICS ELCT 703 (W17) LECTURE 3: OP-AMP CMOS CIRCUIT. Dr. Eman Azab Assistant Professor Office: C MICROELECTRONICS ELCT 703 (W17) LECTURE 3: OP-AMP CMOS CIRCUIT DESIGN Dr. Eman Azab Assistant Professor Office: C3.315 E-mail: eman.azab@guc.edu.eg 1 TWO STAGE CMOS OP-AMP It consists of two stages: First

More information

Final Exam. 55:041 Electronic Circuits. The University of Iowa. Fall 2013.

Final Exam. 55:041 Electronic Circuits. The University of Iowa. Fall 2013. Final Exam Name: Max: 130 Points Question 1 In the circuit shown, the op-amp is ideal, except for an input bias current I b = 1 na. Further, R F = 10K, R 1 = 100 Ω and C = 1 μf. The switch is opened at

More information

Section 4. Nonlinear Circuits

Section 4. Nonlinear Circuits Section 4 Nonlinear Circuits 1 ) Voltage Comparators V P < V N : V o = V ol V P > V N : V o = V oh One bit A/D converter, Practical gain : 10 3 10 6 V OH and V OL should be far apart enough Response Time:

More information

Studio 9 Review Operational Amplifier Stability Compensation Miller Effect Phase Margin Unity Gain Frequency Slew Rate Limiting Reading: Text sec 5.

Studio 9 Review Operational Amplifier Stability Compensation Miller Effect Phase Margin Unity Gain Frequency Slew Rate Limiting Reading: Text sec 5. Studio 9 Review Operational Amplifier Stability Compensation Miller Effect Phase Margin Unity Gain Frequency Slew Rate Limiting Reading: Text sec 5.2 pp. 232-242 Two-stage op-amp Analysis Strategy Recognize

More information

Chapter 13 Small-Signal Modeling and Linear Amplification

Chapter 13 Small-Signal Modeling and Linear Amplification Chapter 13 Small-Signal Modeling and Linear Amplification Microelectronic Circuit Design Richard C. Jaeger Travis N. Blalock 1/4/12 Chap 13-1 Chapter Goals Understanding of concepts related to: Transistors

More information

FEEDBACK, STABILITY and OSCILLATORS

FEEDBACK, STABILITY and OSCILLATORS FEEDBACK, STABILITY and OSCILLATORS à FEEDBACK, STABILITY and OSCILLATORS - STABILITY OF FEEDBACK SYSTEMS - Example : ANALYSIS and DESIGN OF PHASE-SHIFT-OSCILLATORS - Example 2: ANALYSIS and DESIGN OF

More information

ENGN3227 Analogue Electronics. Problem Sets V1.0. Dr. Salman Durrani

ENGN3227 Analogue Electronics. Problem Sets V1.0. Dr. Salman Durrani ENGN3227 Analogue Electronics Problem Sets V1.0 Dr. Salman Durrani November 2006 Copyright c 2006 by Salman Durrani. Problem Set List 1. Op-amp Circuits 2. Differential Amplifiers 3. Comparator Circuits

More information

Homework Assignment 08

Homework Assignment 08 Homework Assignment 08 Question 1 (Short Takes) Two points each unless otherwise indicated. 1. Give one phrase/sentence that describes the primary advantage of an active load. Answer: Large effective resistance

More information

Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor (MOSFET)

Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor (MOSFET) Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor ield Effect Transistor (MOSET) Source Gate Drain p p n- substrate - SUB MOSET is a symmetrical device in the most general case (for example, in an integrating circuit) In a separate

More information

Oscillators. Figure 1: Functional diagram of an oscillator.

Oscillators. Figure 1: Functional diagram of an oscillator. Oscillats Oscillats are electronic circuits, which are applied to generate periodic signals such sinusoidal, squarewave, tri-angular wave, pulse trains, clock signals etc. Oscillats are the essence of

More information

Basics of Network Theory (Part-I)

Basics of Network Theory (Part-I) Basics of Network Theory (PartI). A square waveform as shown in figure is applied across mh ideal inductor. The current through the inductor is a. wave of peak amplitude. V 0 0.5 t (m sec) [Gate 987: Marks]

More information

CMOS Comparators. Kyungpook National University. Integrated Systems Lab, Kyungpook National University. Comparators

CMOS Comparators. Kyungpook National University. Integrated Systems Lab, Kyungpook National University. Comparators IsLab Analog Integrated ircuit Design OMP-21 MOS omparators כ Kyungpook National University IsLab Analog Integrated ircuit Design OMP-1 omparators A comparator is used to detect whether a signal is greater

More information

Introduction to CMOS RF Integrated Circuits Design

Introduction to CMOS RF Integrated Circuits Design V. Voltage Controlled Oscillators Fall 2012, Prof. JianJun Zhou V-1 Outline Phase Noise and Spurs Ring VCO LC VCO Frequency Tuning (Varactor, SCA) Phase Noise Estimation Quadrature Phase Generator Fall

More information

Frequency Dependent Aspects of Op-amps

Frequency Dependent Aspects of Op-amps Frequency Dependent Aspects of Op-amps Frequency dependent feedback circuits The arguments that lead to expressions describing the circuit gain of inverting and non-inverting amplifier circuits with resistive

More information

55:041 Electronic Circuits The University of Iowa Fall Final Exam

55:041 Electronic Circuits The University of Iowa Fall Final Exam Final Exam Name: Score Max: 135 Question 1 (1 point unless otherwise noted) a. What is the maximum theoretical efficiency for a class-b amplifier? Answer: 78% b. The abbreviation/term ESR is often encountered

More information

OPAMPs I: The Ideal Case

OPAMPs I: The Ideal Case I: The Ideal Case The basic composition of an operational amplifier (OPAMP) includes a high gain differential amplifier, followed by a second high gain amplifier, followed by a unity gain, low impedance,

More information

Lecture 23: Negative Resistance Osc, Differential Osc, and VCOs

Lecture 23: Negative Resistance Osc, Differential Osc, and VCOs EECS 142 Lecture 23: Negative Resistance Osc, Differential Osc, and VCOs Prof. Ali M. Niknejad University of California, Berkeley Copyright c 2005 by Ali M. Niknejad A. M. Niknejad University of California,

More information

Design of crystal oscillators

Design of crystal oscillators Design of crystal oscillators Willy Sansen KULeuven, ESAT-MICAS Leuven, Belgium willy.sansen@esat.kuleuven.be Willy Sansen 0-05 22 Table of contents Oscillation principles Crystals Single-transistor oscillator

More information

PHYS225 Lecture 9. Electronic Circuits

PHYS225 Lecture 9. Electronic Circuits PHYS225 Lecture 9 Electronic Circuits Last lecture Field Effect Transistors Voltage controlled resistor Various FET circuits Switch Source follower Current source Similar to BJT Draws no input current

More information

Q. 1 Q. 25 carry one mark each.

Q. 1 Q. 25 carry one mark each. Q. Q. 5 carry one mark each. Q. Consider a system of linear equations: x y 3z =, x 3y 4z =, and x 4y 6 z = k. The value of k for which the system has infinitely many solutions is. Q. A function 3 = is

More information

Project Components. MC34063 or equivalent. Bread Board. Energy Systems Research Laboratory, FIU

Project Components. MC34063 or equivalent. Bread Board. Energy Systems Research Laboratory, FIU Project Components MC34063 or equivalent Bread Board PSpice Software OrCAD designer Lite version http://www.cadence.com/products/orcad/pages/downloads.aspx#pspice More Details on the Introduction CONVERTER

More information

ESE319 Introduction to Microelectronics. Output Stages

ESE319 Introduction to Microelectronics. Output Stages Output Stages Power amplifier classification Class A amplifier circuits Class A Power conversion efficiency Class B amplifier circuits Class B Power conversion efficiency Class AB amplifier circuits Class

More information

Refinements to Incremental Transistor Model

Refinements to Incremental Transistor Model Refinements to Incremental Transistor Model This section presents modifications to the incremental models that account for non-ideal transistor behavior Incremental output port resistance Incremental changes

More information

Lecture 17 Date:

Lecture 17 Date: Lecture 17 Date: 27.10.2016 Feedback and Properties, Types of Feedback Amplifier Stability Gain and Phase Margin Modification Elements of Feedback System: (a) The feed forward amplifier [H(s)] ; (b) A

More information

Lecture 7: Transistors and Amplifiers

Lecture 7: Transistors and Amplifiers Lecture 7: Transistors and Amplifiers Hybrid Transistor Model for small AC : The previous model for a transistor used one parameter (β, the current gain) to describe the transistor. doesn't explain many

More information

12 Chapter Driven RLC Circuits

12 Chapter Driven RLC Circuits hapter Driven ircuits. A Sources... -. A ircuits with a Source and One ircuit Element... -3.. Purely esistive oad... -3.. Purely Inductive oad... -6..3 Purely apacitive oad... -8.3 The Series ircuit...

More information

At point G V = = = = = = RB B B. IN RB f

At point G V = = = = = = RB B B. IN RB f Common Emitter At point G CE RC 0. 4 12 0. 4 116. I C RC 116. R 1k C 116. ma I IC 116. ma β 100 F 116µ A I R ( 116µ A)( 20kΩ) 2. 3 R + 2. 3 + 0. 7 30. IN R f Gain in Constant Current Region I I I C F

More information

ECE3050 Assignment 7

ECE3050 Assignment 7 ECE3050 Assignment 7. Sketch and label the Bode magnitude and phase plots for the transfer functions given. Use loglog scales for the magnitude plots and linear-log scales for the phase plots. On the magnitude

More information

EE 435. Lecture 2: Basic Op Amp Design. - Single Stage Low Gain Op Amps

EE 435. Lecture 2: Basic Op Amp Design. - Single Stage Low Gain Op Amps EE 435 ecture 2: Basic Op Amp Design - Single Stage ow Gain Op Amps 1 Review from last lecture: How does an amplifier differ from an operational amplifier?? Op Amp Amplifier Amplifier used in open-loop

More information

Advanced Current Mirrors and Opamps

Advanced Current Mirrors and Opamps Advanced Current Mirrors and Opamps David Johns and Ken Martin (johns@eecg.toronto.edu) (martin@eecg.toronto.edu) slide 1 of 26 Wide-Swing Current Mirrors I bias I V I in out out = I in V W L bias ------------

More information

3. Basic building blocks. Analog Design for CMOS VLSI Systems Franco Maloberti

3. Basic building blocks. Analog Design for CMOS VLSI Systems Franco Maloberti Inverter with active load It is the simplest gain stage. The dc gain is given by the slope of the transfer characteristics. Small signal analysis C = C gs + C gs,ov C 2 = C gd + C gd,ov + C 3 = C db +

More information

ECEN 326 Electronic Circuits

ECEN 326 Electronic Circuits ECEN 326 Electronic Circuits Stability Dr. Aydın İlker Karşılayan Texas A&M University Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Ideal Configuration V i Σ V ε a(s) V o V fb f a(s) = V o V ε (s)

More information

Filters and Tuned Amplifiers

Filters and Tuned Amplifiers Filters and Tuned Amplifiers Essential building block in many systems, particularly in communication and instrumentation systems Typically implemented in one of three technologies: passive LC filters,

More information

500V N-Channel MOSFET

500V N-Channel MOSFET 830 / 830 500V N-Channel MOSFET General Description This Power MOSFET is produced using SL semi s advanced planar stripe DMOS technology. This advanced technology has been especially tailored to minimize

More information

Lecture 16 Crystal oscillators

Lecture 16 Crystal oscillators Lecture 16 Crystal oscillators Internal structure Analysis of a harmonic oscillator Frequency response of the crystal oscillator The 4060 oscillator driver / counter http://www.mineralminers.com/html/phantom_quartz_crystal.htm

More information

Stability and Frequency Compensation

Stability and Frequency Compensation 類比電路設計 (3349) - 2004 Stability and Frequency ompensation hing-yuan Yang National hung-hsing University Department of Electrical Engineering Overview Reading B Razavi hapter 0 Introduction In this lecture,

More information

CHAPTER.6 :TRANSISTOR FREQUENCY RESPONSE

CHAPTER.6 :TRANSISTOR FREQUENCY RESPONSE CHAPTER.6 :TRANSISTOR FREQUENCY RESPONSE To understand Decibels, log scale, general frequency considerations of an amplifier. low frequency analysis - Bode plot low frequency response BJT amplifier Miller

More information

EE 330 Lecture 22. Small Signal Modelling Operating Points for Amplifier Applications Amplification with Transistor Circuits

EE 330 Lecture 22. Small Signal Modelling Operating Points for Amplifier Applications Amplification with Transistor Circuits EE 330 Lecture 22 Small Signal Modelling Operating Points for Amplifier Applications Amplification with Transistor Circuits Exam 2 Friday March 9 Exam 3 Friday April 13 Review Session for Exam 2: 6:00

More information

Homework 6 Solutions and Rubric

Homework 6 Solutions and Rubric Homework 6 Solutions and Rubric EE 140/40A 1. K-W Tube Amplifier b) Load Resistor e) Common-cathode a) Input Diff Pair f) Cathode-Follower h) Positive Feedback c) Tail Resistor g) Cc d) Av,cm = 1/ Figure

More information

F14 Memory Circuits. Lars Ohlsson

F14 Memory Circuits. Lars Ohlsson Lars Ohlsson 2018-10-18 F14 Memory Circuits Outline Combinatorial vs. sequential logic circuits Analogue multivibrator circuits Noise in digital circuits CMOS latch CMOS SR flip flop 6T SRAM cell 1T DRAM

More information

Distributed by: www.jameco.com 1-800-831-4242 The content and copyrights of the attached material are the property of its owner. Quad 2-Input NAND Schmitt Trigger General Description The CD4093B consists

More information

DG417/418/419. Precision CMOS Analog Switches. Features Benefits Applications. Description. Functional Block Diagram and Pin Configuration

DG417/418/419. Precision CMOS Analog Switches. Features Benefits Applications. Description. Functional Block Diagram and Pin Configuration G417/418/419 Precision MO Analog witches Features Benefits Applications 1-V Analog ignal Range On-Resistance r (on) : 2 Fast witching Action t ON : 1 ns Ultra Low Power Requirements P :3 nw TTL and MO

More information

Exercise s = 1. cos 60 ± j sin 60 = 0.5 ± j 3/2. = s 2 + s + 1. (s + 1)(s 2 + s + 1) T(jω) = (1 + ω2 )(1 ω 2 ) 2 + ω 2 (1 + ω 2 )

Exercise s = 1. cos 60 ± j sin 60 = 0.5 ± j 3/2. = s 2 + s + 1. (s + 1)(s 2 + s + 1) T(jω) = (1 + ω2 )(1 ω 2 ) 2 + ω 2 (1 + ω 2 ) Exercise 7 Ex: 7. A 0 log T [db] T 0.99 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.5 0. 0 A 0 0. 3 6 0 Ex: 7. A max 0 log.05 0 log 0.95 0.9 db [ ] A min 0 log 40 db 0.0 Ex: 7.3 s + js j Ts k s + 3 + j s + 3 j s + 4 k s + s + 4 + 3

More information

ET4119 Electronic Power Conversion 2011/2012 Solutions 27 January 2012

ET4119 Electronic Power Conversion 2011/2012 Solutions 27 January 2012 ET4119 Electronic Power Conversion 2011/2012 Solutions 27 January 2012 1. In the single-phase rectifier shown below in Fig 1a., s = 1mH and I d = 10A. The input voltage v s has the pulse waveform shown

More information

OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIER APPLICATIONS

OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIER APPLICATIONS OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIER APPLICATIONS 2.1 The Ideal Op Amp (Chapter 2.1) Amplifier Applications 2.2 The Inverting Configuration (Chapter 2.2) 2.3 The Non-inverting Configuration (Chapter 2.3) 2.4 Difference

More information

Design of Analog Integrated Circuits

Design of Analog Integrated Circuits Design of Analog Integrated Circuits Chapter 11: Introduction to Switched- Capacitor Circuits Textbook Chapter 13 13.1 General Considerations 13.2 Sampling Switches 13.3 Switched-Capacitor Amplifiers 13.4

More information

BENG 186B Winter 2013 Quiz 2. February 15, NAME (Last, First): This quiz is closed book and closed notes. You may use a calculator for algebra.

BENG 186B Winter 2013 Quiz 2. February 15, NAME (Last, First): This quiz is closed book and closed notes. You may use a calculator for algebra. BENG 186B Winter 2013 Quiz 2 February 15, 2013 NAME (Last, First): This quiz is closed book and closed notes. You may use a calculator for algebra. Circle your final answers in the space provided; show

More information

CD4093BC Quad 2-Input NAND Schmitt Trigger

CD4093BC Quad 2-Input NAND Schmitt Trigger CD4093BC Quad 2-Input NAND Schmitt Trigger General Description The CD4093B consists of four Schmitt-trigger circuits. Each circuit functions as a 2-input NAND gate with Schmitttrigger action on both inputs.

More information

Physics 142 AC Circuits Page 1. AC Circuits. I ve had a perfectly lovely evening but this wasn t it. Groucho Marx

Physics 142 AC Circuits Page 1. AC Circuits. I ve had a perfectly lovely evening but this wasn t it. Groucho Marx Physics 142 A ircuits Page 1 A ircuits I ve had a perfectly lovely evening but this wasn t it. Groucho Marx Alternating current: generators and values It is relatively easy to devise a source (a generator

More information

Experimental verification of the Chua s circuit designed with UGCs

Experimental verification of the Chua s circuit designed with UGCs Experimental verification of the Chua s circuit designed with UGCs C. Sánchez-López a), A. Castro-Hernández, and A. Pérez-Trejo Autonomous University of Tlaxcala Calzada Apizaquito S/N, Apizaco, Tlaxcala,

More information

CMOS Analog Circuits

CMOS Analog Circuits CMOS Analog Circuits L6: Common Source Amplifier-1 (.8.13) B. Mazhari Dept. of EE, IIT Kanpur 19 Problem statement : Design an amplifier which has the following characteristics: + CC O in R L - CC A 100

More information

Schedule. ECEN 301 Discussion #20 Exam 2 Review 1. Lab Due date. Title Chapters HW Due date. Date Day Class No. 10 Nov Mon 20 Exam Review.

Schedule. ECEN 301 Discussion #20 Exam 2 Review 1. Lab Due date. Title Chapters HW Due date. Date Day Class No. 10 Nov Mon 20 Exam Review. Schedule Date Day lass No. 0 Nov Mon 0 Exam Review Nov Tue Title hapters HW Due date Nov Wed Boolean Algebra 3. 3.3 ab Due date AB 7 Exam EXAM 3 Nov Thu 4 Nov Fri Recitation 5 Nov Sat 6 Nov Sun 7 Nov Mon

More information

Homework Assignment 09

Homework Assignment 09 Homework Assignment 09 Question 1 (Short Takes) Two points each unless otherwise indicated. 1. What is the 3-dB bandwidth of the amplifier shown below if r π = 2.5K, r o = 100K, g m = 40 ms, and C L =

More information

ELECTROMAGNETIC OSCILLATIONS AND ALTERNATING CURRENT

ELECTROMAGNETIC OSCILLATIONS AND ALTERNATING CURRENT Chapter 31: ELECTROMAGNETIC OSCILLATIONS AND ALTERNATING CURRENT 1 A charged capacitor and an inductor are connected in series At time t = 0 the current is zero, but the capacitor is charged If T is the

More information

ECEN 325 Electronics

ECEN 325 Electronics ECEN 325 Electronics Operational Amplifiers Dr. Aydın İlker Karşılayan Texas A&M University Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Opamp Terminals positive supply inverting input terminal non

More information

Biasing the CE Amplifier

Biasing the CE Amplifier Biasing the CE Amplifier Graphical approach: plot I C as a function of the DC base-emitter voltage (note: normally plot vs. base current, so we must return to Ebers-Moll): I C I S e V BE V th I S e V th

More information

Switched-Capacitor Circuits David Johns and Ken Martin University of Toronto

Switched-Capacitor Circuits David Johns and Ken Martin University of Toronto Switched-Capacitor Circuits David Johns and Ken Martin University of Toronto (johns@eecg.toronto.edu) (martin@eecg.toronto.edu) University of Toronto 1 of 60 Basic Building Blocks Opamps Ideal opamps usually

More information

EE 508 Lecture 4. Filter Concepts/Terminology Basic Properties of Electrical Circuits

EE 508 Lecture 4. Filter Concepts/Terminology Basic Properties of Electrical Circuits EE 58 Lecture 4 Filter Concepts/Terminology Basic Properties of Electrical Circuits Review from Last Time Filter Design Process Establish Specifications - possibly T D (s) or H D (z) - magnitude and phase

More information

Time Varying Circuit Analysis

Time Varying Circuit Analysis MAS.836 Sensor Systems for Interactive Environments th Distributed: Tuesday February 16, 2010 Due: Tuesday February 23, 2010 Problem Set # 2 Time Varying Circuit Analysis The purpose of this problem set

More information

Dynamic operation 20

Dynamic operation 20 Dynamic operation 20 A simple model for the propagation delay Symmetric inverter (rise and fall delays are identical) otal capacitance is linear t p Minimum length devices R W C L t = 0.69R C = p W L 0.69

More information

MICROELECTRONIC CIRCUIT DESIGN Second Edition

MICROELECTRONIC CIRCUIT DESIGN Second Edition MICROELECTRONIC CIRCUIT DESIGN Second Edition Richard C. Jaeger and Travis N. Blalock Answers to Selected Problems Updated 10/23/06 Chapter 1 1.3 1.52 years, 5.06 years 1.5 2.00 years, 6.65 years 1.8 113

More information

Oscillator. Introduction of Oscillator Linear Oscillator. Stability. Wien Bridge Oscillator RC Phase-Shift Oscillator LC Oscillator

Oscillator. Introduction of Oscillator Linear Oscillator. Stability. Wien Bridge Oscillator RC Phase-Shift Oscillator LC Oscillator Oscillatr Intrductin f Oscillatr Linear Oscillatr Wien Bridge Oscillatr Phase-Shift Oscillatr L Oscillatr Stability Oscillatrs Oscillatin: an effect that repeatedly and regularly fluctuates abut the mean

More information

EE 560 CHIP INPUT AND OUTPUT (I/0) CIRCUITS. Kenneth R. Laker, University of Pennsylvania

EE 560 CHIP INPUT AND OUTPUT (I/0) CIRCUITS. Kenneth R. Laker, University of Pennsylvania 1 EE 560 CHIP INPUT AND OUTPUT (I/0) CIRCUITS 2 -> ESD PROTECTION CIRCUITS (INPUT PADS) -> ON-CHIP CLOCK GENERATION & DISTRIBUTION -> OUTPUT PADS -> ON-CHIP NOISE DUE TO PARASITIC INDUCTANCE -> SUPER BUFFER

More information

Lectures on APPLICATIONS

Lectures on APPLICATIONS APP0 University of alifornia Berkeley ollege of Engineering Department of Electrical Engineering and omputer Science obert W. Brodersen EES40 Analog ircuit Design t ISE Lectures on APPLIATINS t FALL.0V

More information

Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences University of California, Berkeley. Final Exam Solutions

Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences University of California, Berkeley. Final Exam Solutions Electrical Engineering 42/00 Summer 202 Instructor: Tony Dear Department of Electrical Engineering and omputer Sciences University of alifornia, Berkeley Final Exam Solutions. Diodes Have apacitance?!?!

More information

TSP10N60M / TSF10N60M

TSP10N60M / TSF10N60M TSP10N60M / TSF10N60M 600V N-Channel MOSFET General Description This Power MOSFET is produced using Truesemi s advanced planar stripe DMOS technology. This advanced technology has been especially tailored

More information

Input and Output Impedances with Feedback

Input and Output Impedances with Feedback EE 3 Lecture Basic Feedback Configurations Generalized Feedback Schemes Integrators Differentiators First-order active filters Second-order active filters Review from Last Time Input and Output Impedances

More information

VI. Transistor amplifiers: Biasing and Small Signal Model

VI. Transistor amplifiers: Biasing and Small Signal Model VI. Transistor amplifiers: iasing and Small Signal Model 6.1 Introduction Transistor amplifiers utilizing JT or FET are similar in design and analysis. Accordingly we will discuss JT amplifiers thoroughly.

More information

Digital Electronics. Delay Max. FF Rate Power/Gate High Low (ns) (MHz) (mw) (V) (V) Standard TTL (7400)

Digital Electronics. Delay Max. FF Rate Power/Gate High Low (ns) (MHz) (mw) (V) (V) Standard TTL (7400) P57/67 Lec9, P Digital Electronics Introduction: In electronics we can classify the building blocks of a circuit or system as being either analog or digital in nature. If we focus on voltage as the circuit

More information

THE INVERTER. Inverter

THE INVERTER. Inverter THE INVERTER DIGITAL GATES Fundamental Parameters Functionality Reliability, Robustness Area Performance» Speed (delay)» Power Consumption» Energy Noise in Digital Integrated Circuits v(t) V DD i(t) (a)

More information

Supplementary Reader. EECS 40 Introduction to Microelectronic Circuits

Supplementary Reader. EECS 40 Introduction to Microelectronic Circuits Supplementary eader EECS 4 Introduction to Microelectronic Circuits Prof. C. Chang-Hasnain Spring 7 Note: This set of notes is intended to supplement the text book and not to replace it. EE 4, University

More information

Conventional Paper I (a) (i) What are ferroelectric materials? What advantages do they have over conventional dielectric materials?

Conventional Paper I (a) (i) What are ferroelectric materials? What advantages do they have over conventional dielectric materials? Conventional Paper I-03.(a) (i) What are ferroelectric materials? What advantages do they have over conventional dielectric materials? (ii) Give one example each of a dielectric and a ferroelectric material

More information

ECS 40, Fall 2008 Prof. Chang-Hasnain Test #3 Version A

ECS 40, Fall 2008 Prof. Chang-Hasnain Test #3 Version A ECS 40, Fall 2008 Prof. ChangHasnain Test #3 Version A 10:10 am 11:00 am, Wednesday December 3, 2008 Total Time Allotted: 50 minutes Total Points: 100 1. This is a closed book exam. However, you are allowed

More information

S.E. Sem. III [ETRX] Electronic Circuits and Design I

S.E. Sem. III [ETRX] Electronic Circuits and Design I S.E. Sem. [ETRX] Electronic ircuits and Design Time : 3 Hrs.] Prelim Paper Solution [Marks : 80 Q.1(a) What happens when diode is operated at high frequency? [5] Ans.: Diode High Frequency Model : This

More information

ELEN 610 Data Converters

ELEN 610 Data Converters Spring 04 S. Hoyos - EEN-60 ELEN 60 Data onverters Sebastian Hoyos Texas A&M University Analog and Mixed Signal Group Spring 04 S. Hoyos - EEN-60 Electronic Noise Signal to Noise ratio SNR Signal Power

More information

Voltage-Controlled Oscillator (VCO)

Voltage-Controlled Oscillator (VCO) Voltage-Controlled Oscillator (VCO) Desirable characteristics: Monotonic f osc vs. V C characteristic with adequate frequency range f max f osc Well-defined K vco f min slope = K vco VC V C in V K F(s)

More information

INTEGRATED CIRCUITS. For a complete data sheet, please also download:

INTEGRATED CIRCUITS. For a complete data sheet, please also download: INTEGRATED CIRCUITS DATA SHEET For a complete data sheet, please also download: The IC06 74HC/HCT/HCU/HCMOS Logic Family Specificatio The IC06 74HC/HCT/HCU/HCMOS Logic Package Information The IC06 74HC/HCT/HCU/HCMOS

More information

Some of the different forms of a signal, obtained by transformations, are shown in the figure. jwt e z. jwt z e

Some of the different forms of a signal, obtained by transformations, are shown in the figure. jwt e z. jwt z e Transform methods Some of the different forms of a signal, obtained by transformations, are shown in the figure. X(s) X(t) L - L F - F jw s s jw X(jw) X*(t) F - F X*(jw) jwt e z jwt z e X(nT) Z - Z X(z)

More information

Analog Integrated Circuit Design Prof. Nagendra Krishnapura Department of Electrical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Madras

Analog Integrated Circuit Design Prof. Nagendra Krishnapura Department of Electrical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Madras Analog Integrated Circuit Design Prof. Nagendra Krishnapura Department of Electrical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Madras Lecture No - 42 Fully Differential Single Stage Opamp Hello and welcome

More information

S ELECTED E QUATIONS

S ELECTED E QUATIONS D EIVAIONS OF S ELECED E QUAIONS Equation 2 3 he average value of a half-wave rectified sine wave is the area under the curve divided y the period (2p). he equation for a sine wave is v Vpsin u p Vp area

More information

System on a Chip. Prof. Dr. Michael Kraft

System on a Chip. Prof. Dr. Michael Kraft System on a Chip Prof. Dr. Michael Kraft Lecture 3: Sample and Hold Circuits Switched Capacitor Circuits Circuits and Systems Sampling Signal Processing Sample and Hold Analogue Circuits Switched Capacitor

More information

Handout 11: AC circuit. AC generator

Handout 11: AC circuit. AC generator Handout : AC circuit AC generator Figure compares the voltage across the directcurrent (DC) generator and that across the alternatingcurrent (AC) generator For DC generator, the voltage is constant For

More information

CS 436 HCI Technology Basic Electricity/Electronics Review

CS 436 HCI Technology Basic Electricity/Electronics Review CS 436 HCI Technology Basic Electricity/Electronics Review *Copyright 1997-2008, Perry R. Cook, Princeton University August 27, 2008 1 Basic Quantities and Units 1.1 Charge Number of electrons or units

More information

Mod. Sim. Dyn. Sys. Amplifiers page 1

Mod. Sim. Dyn. Sys. Amplifiers page 1 AMPLIFIERS A circuit containing only capacitors, amplifiers (transistors) and resistors may resonate. A circuit containing only capacitors and resistors may not. Why does amplification permit resonance

More information

Operational Amplifiers

Operational Amplifiers Operational Amplifiers A Linear IC circuit Operational Amplifier (op-amp) An op-amp is a high-gain amplifier that has high input impedance and low output impedance. An ideal op-amp has infinite gain and

More information

ECE2262 Electric Circuits. Chapter 4: Operational Amplifier (OP-AMP) Circuits

ECE2262 Electric Circuits. Chapter 4: Operational Amplifier (OP-AMP) Circuits ECE2262 Electric Circuits Chapter 4: Operational Amplifier (OP-AMP) Circuits 1 4.1 Operational Amplifiers 2 4. Voltages and currents in electrical circuits may represent signals and circuits can perform

More information