# Vocabulary Cards and Word Walls Revised: June 2, 2011

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1 Vocabulary Cards and Word Walls Revised: June 2, 2011 Important Notes for Teachers: The vocabulary cards in this file match the Common Core, the math curriculum adopted by the Utah State Board of Education, August The cards are arranged alphabetically. Each card has three sections.! Section 1 is only the word. This is to be used as a visual aid in spelling and pronunciation. It is also used when students are writing -! Section 2 has the word and a graphic. This graphic is available to be used as a model by the teacher.! Section 3 has the word, a graphic, and a definition. This is to be used for the Word Wall in the classroom. For more information on using a Word Wall for Daily Review on this website. These cards are designed to help all students with math content vocabulary, including ELL, Gifted and Talented, Special Education, and Regular Education students. For possible additions or corrections to the vocabulary cards, please contact the Granite School District Math Department at Bibliography of Definition Sources: Algebra to Go, Great Source, ISBN Math on Call, Great Source, ISBN-13: Math at Hand, Great Source, ISBN Math to Know, Great Source, ISBN Illustrated Dictionary of Math, Usborne Publishing Ltd., ISBN Math Dictionary, Eula Ewing Monroe, Boyds Mills Press, ISBN-13: Student Reference Books, Everyday Mathematics, Houghton-Mifflin eglossary, Interactive Math Dictionary,

3 algorithm Partial Product Example algorithm 555 x 7 35 Step 1: Multiply the ones. 350 Step 2: Multiply the tens Step 3: Multiply the hundreds Step 4: Add the partial products. Partial Product Example algorithm 555 x 7 35 Step 1: Multiply the ones. 350 Step 2: Multiply the tens Step 3: Multiply the hundreds Step 4: Add the partial products. Step-by-step method for computing.

4 area area 2 rows of 5 = 10 square units or 2 x 5 = 10 square units area 2 rows of 5 = 10 square units or 2 x 5 = 10 square units The measure, in square units, of the interior region of a 2- dimensional figure or the surface of a 3-dimensional figure.

5 area model area model!"#"\$%"&"'!"#"\$()"*"'!"#"%)"&"\$+\$" area model A model of multiplication that shows each place value product!"#"\$%"&"'!"#"\$()"*"'!"#"%)"&"\$+\$"

6 array array 3 rows of 4 or 3 x 4 array 3 rows of 4 or 3 x 4 An arrangement of objects in equal rows.

7 Associative Property of Addition Associative Property of Addition (5 + 7) + 3 = 5 + (7 + 3) = = 15 Associative Property of Addition (5 + 7) + 3 = 5 + (7 + 3) = = 15 The sum stays the same when the grouping of addends is changed. (a + b) + c = a + (b + c), where a, b, and c stand for any real numbers.

8 Associative Property of Multiplication Associative Property of Multiplication (5 x 7) x 3 = 5 x (7 x 3) 35 x 3 = 5 x = 105 Associative Property of Multiplication (5 x 7) x 3 = 5 x (7 x 3) 35 x 3 = 5 x = 105 The product stays the same when the grouping of factors is changed. (a x b) x c = a x (b x c), where a, b, and c stand for any real numbers.

9 attribute attribute large triangle pink attribute large pink triangle A characteristic. e.g. size, shape or color

10 axis axis axis A reference line from which distances or angles are measured in a coordinate grid. (plural axes)

11 base of an exponent base of an exponent base 10 4 base of an exponent The number that is raised to a power. In 10 4, 10 is the base and 4 is the exponent. 10 is raised to the power of 4. (10 4 = 10 x 10 x 10 x 10 = 10,000)

12 base of a solid figure base of a solid figure base of a solid figure A base of a solid figure is usually thought of as a face upon which it can have more than one base.

13 benchmark fractions benchmark fractions benchmark fractions Fractions that are commonly used for estimation.

14 braces braces braces {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5} braces braces {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5} Braces can be used to indicate that the objects written between them belong to a set.

15 brackets brackets [(2 x 20) + 6] brackets [(2 x 20) + 6] A type of grouping symbol used in pairs that tells what operation to complete first.

16 centimeter (cm) centimeter (cm) centimeter (cm) A metric unit of length equal to 0.01 of a meter.

17 Commutative Property of Addition Commutative Property of = Addition Commutative Property of Addition = The sum stays the same when the order of the addends is changed. a + b = b + a, where a and b are any real numbers.

18 Commutative Property of Multiplication Commutative Property of Multiplication 4 x 7 = 7 x 4 Commutative Property of Multiplication 4 x 7 = 7 x 4 The product stays the same when the order of the factors is changed. a x b = b x a, where a and b are any real numbers.

19 compose compose 2 triangles can form a rectangle compose To put together, as in numbers or shapes. 2 triangles can form a rectangle

20 coordinate plane coordinate plane coordinate plane A 2-dimensional system in which the coordinates of a point are its distances from two intersecting, usually perpendicular, straight lines called axes. (Also called coordinate grid or coordinate system.)

21 coordinate system coordinate system coordinate system Also known as a coordinate grid. A 2-dimensional system in which the coordinates of a point are its distances from two intersecting, usually perpendicular, straight lines called axes.

22 coordinates coordinates (3, 2) ( x, y) coordinates (3, 2) ( x, y) An ordered pair of numbers that identify a point on a coordinate plane.

23 corresponding terms corresponding terms corresponding terms Terms that are in the same position in a sequence of numbers. In the pattern shown, 9 and 18 are the 3rd terms in each sequence they are corresponding terms.

24 cubic unit cubic unit 1 unit 1 unit 1 unit 1 unit cubic unit 1 unit A unit such as a cubic meter to measure volume or capacity. 1 unit 1 unit

25 customary system customary system customary system A system of measurement used in the U.S. The system includes units for measuring length, capacity, and weight.

26 data data data Information, especially numerical information. Usually organized for analysis.

27 decimal decimal!"#\$%&''&(\$)' ''''')\$)"'''' decimal '''!"#\$%&''''' '&(\$)''')\$)"' A number with one or more digits to the right of a decimal point. Decimal is used as another name for decimal fraction.

28 decimal point decimal point ' '!*\$&&''(\$"' ''''' '''''''''''''' ''''''''''''''+,-./01'23.456' decimal point ' '!*\$&&''(\$"' ' '+,-./01'23.456'' A dot separating the whole number from the fraction in decimal notation.

29 decompose decompose decompose To separate into components or basic elements.

30 denominator denominator 3 4 denominator denominator 3 4 denominator The quantity below the line in a fraction. It tells the number of equal parts into which a whole is divided.

31 difference difference = difference difference = difference The amount that remains after one quantity is subtracted from another.

32 Distributive Property Distributive Property Distributive Property When one of the factors of a product is a sum, multiplying each addend before adding does not change the product.

33 dividend dividend dividend dividend dividend A quantity to be divided.

34 divisor divisor divisor divisor divisor The quantity by which another quantity is to be divided.

35 equation equation equation A statement that two mathematical expressions are equal.

36 equivalent fraction equivalent fraction equivalent fraction Fractions that have the same value.

37 estimate Close to 1 Close to 1 estimate is approximately equal to Close to 1 Close to 1 A number close to an estimate 3 5 exact amount, an is approximately equal to estimate tells about how much.

38 evaluate evaluate = n n = 29 evaluate = n n = 29 To find the value of a mathematical expression.

39 expanded form expanded form (%7\$(#"'8'' ('9'*))':'%'9'*)':'7'9'*':'' ('9';*<*)=':'#'9';*<*))=':'' "'9';*<*)))=' expanded form (%7\$(#"'8'' ('9'*))':'%'9'*)':'7'9'*':'' ('9';*<*)=':'#'9';*<*))=':'' "'9';*<*)))= A way to write numbers that shows the place value of each digit.

40 exponent exponent 10 x 10 x 10 x 10 = 10,000 exponent The number that tells the number of times the base is multiplied by itself. 10 x 10 x 10 x 10 = 10,000

41 expression expression x + 3 no equal sign. expression x + no equal sign. 3 A variable or combination of variables, numbers, and symbols that represents a mathematical relationship.

42 factor factor 2 x 6 = 12 factors factor 2 x 6 = 12 factors An integer that divides evenly into another.

43 finite decimal finite decimal Example: 0.25 finite decimal Example: 0.25 A decimal that contains a terminating number of digits. (Also called a terminating decimal.)

44 formula formula V = lwh height length width formula V = lwh height width A general equation or rule. You can use a formula to find volume in a rectangular prism. length

45 greater than greater than 5 5 > 3 3 greater than 5 5 > 3 3 Greater than is used to compare two numbers when the first number is larger than the second number.

46 hundredth hundredth hundredth One of 100 equal parts of a whole.

47 hundredths hundredths %\$(>' hundredths %\$(>' In the decimal numeration system, hundredths is the name of the next place to the right of tenths.

48 improper fraction improper fraction ' ' ' '' 7' 5 G reater than (or equal to) denominator improper fraction ' ' ' ' 7'''' 5 G reater than (or equal to) denominator A fraction where the numerator is greater than or equal to the denominator.

49 inequality inequality inequality A mathematical sentence that compares two unequal expressions using one of the symbols <, >, or. e.g. 26 > 13; 13 < 26; < 6 + 3

50 intersect intersect intersect To meet or cross.

51 less than less than 3 3 < 5 5 less than < 5 Less than is used to compare two numbers when the first number is smaller than the second number.

52 like denominators like denominators like denominators Denominators in two or more fractions that are the same.

53 line plot line plot line plot A diagram showing frequency of data on a number line.

54 long division long division long division A standard procedure suitable for dividing simple or complex multidigit numbers.

55 lowest terms lowest terms 4 8 in lowest terms is 1 2 lowest terms 4 8 in lowest terms is 1 2 A fraction where the numerator and denominator have no common factor greater than 1.

56

57

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