CS 373, Spring Solutions to Mock midterm 1 (Based on first midterm in CS 273, Fall 2008.)

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "CS 373, Spring Solutions to Mock midterm 1 (Based on first midterm in CS 273, Fall 2008.)"

Transcription

1 CS 373, Spring 29. Solutions to Mock midterm (sed on first midterm in CS 273, Fll 28.) Prolem : Short nswer (8 points) The nswers to these prolems should e short nd not complicted. () If n NF M ccepts the empty string (i.e., ɛ), does M s strt stte hve to e n ccepting stte? Why or why not? No it does not hve to e n ccepting stte. ecuse M is n NF, we cn ccept the empty string y hving non-ccepting strt stte which hs n ɛ-trnsition (or sequence of such ɛ-trnsitions) to n ccepting stte. () Is every finite lnguge regulr? Why or why not? Yes. Every finite lnguge is regulr. You cn uild n NF for it y uilding liner DF tht recognizes ech string individully. Then join them ll to common strt stte using ɛ-trnsitions. (c) Suppose tht n NF M = (Q, Σ, δ, q, F ) ccepts lnguge L. Crete new NF M y flipping the ccept/non-ccept mrkings on M. Tht is, M = (Q, Σ, δ, q, Q F ). Does M ccept L (the set complement of L)? Why or why not? This only works for DF. Consider the following NF. It ccepts the lnguge {}. If you flip the ccept mrkings, it recognizes {, ɛ}. q q q 2 (d) Simplify the following regulr expression ( ) ɛ. This is equl to ɛ( ) which is just. This cn lso e written s + +.

2 Prolem 2: DF design (6 points) Let Σ = {, }. Let L e the set of strings in Σ which contin the sustring or the sustring. For exmple, L nd L, ut / L. Strings shorter thn three chrcters re never in L. Construct DF tht ccepts L nd give stte digrm showing ll sttes in the DF. You will receive zero credit if your DF uses more thn sttes or mkes significnt use of non-determinism., F Prolem 3: Rememering definitions (8 points) () Define formlly wht it mens for DF (Q, Σ, δ, q, F ) to ccept string w = w w 2... w n. The DF ccepts w if there is stte sequence s s... s n such tht s = q s n F, nd s i = δ(s i, w i ) for every i [i, n]. () Let Σ nd Γ e lphets. Suppose tht h is function from Σ to Γ. Define wht it mens for h to e homomorphism. mpping h is homomorphism if h(xy) = h(x)h(y) for ny strings x nd y. Or, equivlently, h is homomorphism if h(c c 2... c n ) = h(c )h(c 2 )... h(c n ) for ny sequence of chrcters c c 2... c n. 2

3 Or, you could sy it in words: the output of h on string is the conctention of its outputs on the individul chrcters mking up the string. Or you could even sy: h is homomorphism if it opertes on strings chrcter-y-chrcter. Prolem 4: NF trnsitions (6 points) Suppose tht the NF N = (Q, {,, 2}, δ, q, F ) is defined y the following stte digrm: 2 ǫ D 2 ǫ C E Fill in the following vlues: () F = F = {D}. () δ(, ) = δ(, ) = (c) δ(c, ) = δ(c, ) = {D, E} (d) δ(d, ) = δ(d, ) = {} (e) List the memers of the set {q Q D δ(q, 2)} E. (f) Does the NF ccept the word 2? (Yes / No) Yes. The stte sequence is CDCDD. 3

4 Prolem 5: NF to DF conversion (6 points) Convert the following NF to DF recognizing the sme lnguge, using the suset construction. Give stte digrm showing ll sttes rechle from the strt stte, with n informtive nme on ech stte. ssume the lphet is {, }., C D D CD D C, Prolem 6: Short Construction (8 points) () Give regulr expression for the lnguge L contining ll strings in whose length is multiple of three. E.g. L contins ut does not contin or. () () () () () (). 4

5 () Let Σ = {,, c}. Give n NF for the lnguge L contining ll strings in Σ which hve n or c in the lst four positions. E.g. nd c re oth in L, ut c is not. Notice tht strings of length four or less re in L exctly when they contin n or c. You will receive zero credit if your NF contins more thn 8 sttes.,,c,c,,c,,c,,c Prolem 7: NF modifiction nd tuple nottion (8 points) For this prolem, the lphet is lwys Σ = {, }. Given n NF M tht ccepts the lnguge L, design new NF M tht ccepts the lnguge L = {twt w L, t Σ}. For exmple, if is in L, then nd re in L. () riefly explin the ide ehind your construction, using English nd/or pictures. The new NF M hs two copies of M s sttes, plus new initil nd finl sttes. Copy is for the strings strting in nd copy is for the strings strting in. When we red the first chrcter, we trnsition to the strt stte of the pproprite copy. When we rech finl stte in our copy, there is trnsition from tht finl stte to the new finl stte, consuming the pproprite input chrcter. E.g. the finl sttes of copy hve trnsition on into the new finl stte. () Suppose tht M = (Q, Σ, δ, q, F ). Give the detils of your construction of M, using tuple nottion. M = (Q, Σ, δ, q S, {q F }) where Q = {q S, q F } {q q Q} {q q Q} nd δ is defined s follows: δ (q S, ) = q δ (q S, ) = q δ (q, t) = {r r δ(q, t)} if q Q F, or if q F nd t = δ (q, t) = {r r δ(q, t)} if q Q F, or q F nd t = δ (q, ) = {q F } {r r δ(q, t)} for every q F 5

6 δ (q, ) = {q F } {r r δ(q, t)} for every q F δ (q, t) = for ll other inputs Notice tht the old finl sttes in ech copy of M need to keep ll their old trnsitions nd lso dd the trnsition into the new finl stte. Full credit didn t require getting solutely every detil correct. The ig mistke mny people mde ws to use single copy of the originl set of sttes, to which they just dded new strt nd end sttes to M. This doesn t llow the NF to rememer the first chrcter of the string, so it cn t verify tht the lst chrcter is the sme. Resonly well-formed versions of this nswer were worth 2/8 points. 6

Homework 3 Solutions

Homework 3 Solutions CS 341: Foundtions of Computer Science II Prof. Mrvin Nkym Homework 3 Solutions 1. Give NFAs with the specified numer of sttes recognizing ech of the following lnguges. In ll cses, the lphet is Σ = {,1}.

More information

CS 311 Homework 3 due 16:30, Thursday, 14 th October 2010

CS 311 Homework 3 due 16:30, Thursday, 14 th October 2010 CS 311 Homework 3 due 16:30, Thursdy, 14 th Octoer 2010 Homework must e sumitted on pper, in clss. Question 1. [15 pts.; 5 pts. ech] Drw stte digrms for NFAs recognizing the following lnguges:. L = {w

More information

Chapter 2 Finite Automata

Chapter 2 Finite Automata Chpter 2 Finite Automt 28 2.1 Introduction Finite utomt: first model of the notion of effective procedure. (They lso hve mny other pplictions). The concept of finite utomton cn e derived y exmining wht

More information

Regular Expressions (RE) Regular Expressions (RE) Regular Expressions (RE) Regular Expressions (RE) Kleene-*

Regular Expressions (RE) Regular Expressions (RE) Regular Expressions (RE) Regular Expressions (RE) Kleene-* Regulr Expressions (RE) Regulr Expressions (RE) Empty set F A RE denotes the empty set Opertion Nottion Lnguge UNIX Empty string A RE denotes the set {} Alterntion R +r L(r ) L(r ) r r Symol Alterntion

More information

1 Nondeterministic Finite Automata

1 Nondeterministic Finite Automata 1 Nondeterministic Finite Automt Suppose in life, whenever you hd choice, you could try oth possiilities nd live your life. At the end, you would go ck nd choose the one tht worked out the est. Then you

More information

Non-deterministic Finite Automata

Non-deterministic Finite Automata Non-deterministic Finite Automt From Regulr Expressions to NFA- Eliminting non-determinism Rdoud University Nijmegen Non-deterministic Finite Automt H. Geuvers nd J. Rot Institute for Computing nd Informtion

More information

Types of Finite Automata. CMSC 330: Organization of Programming Languages. Comparing DFAs and NFAs. NFA for (a b)*abb.

Types of Finite Automata. CMSC 330: Organization of Programming Languages. Comparing DFAs and NFAs. NFA for (a b)*abb. CMSC 330: Orgniztion of Progrmming Lnguges Finite Automt 2 Types of Finite Automt Deterministic Finite Automt () Exctly one sequence of steps for ech string All exmples so fr Nondeterministic Finite Automt

More information

CS 310 (sec 20) - Winter Final Exam (solutions) SOLUTIONS

CS 310 (sec 20) - Winter Final Exam (solutions) SOLUTIONS CS 310 (sec 20) - Winter 2003 - Finl Exm (solutions) SOLUTIONS 1. (Logic) Use truth tles to prove the following logicl equivlences: () p q (p p) (q q) () p q (p q) (p q) () p q p q p p q q (q q) (p p)

More information

Homework 4. 0 ε 0. (00) ε 0 ε 0 (00) (11) CS 341: Foundations of Computer Science II Prof. Marvin Nakayama

Homework 4. 0 ε 0. (00) ε 0 ε 0 (00) (11) CS 341: Foundations of Computer Science II Prof. Marvin Nakayama CS 341: Foundtions of Computer Science II Prof. Mrvin Nkym Homework 4 1. UsetheproceduredescriedinLemm1.55toconverttheregulrexpression(((00) (11)) 01) into n NFA. Answer: 0 0 1 1 00 0 0 11 1 1 01 0 1 (00)

More information

a,b a 1 a 2 a 3 a,b 1 a,b a,b 2 3 a,b a,b a 2 a,b CS Determinisitic Finite Automata 1

a,b a 1 a 2 a 3 a,b 1 a,b a,b 2 3 a,b a,b a 2 a,b CS Determinisitic Finite Automata 1 CS4 45- Determinisitic Finite Automt -: Genertors vs. Checkers Regulr expressions re one wy to specify forml lnguge String Genertor Genertes strings in the lnguge Deterministic Finite Automt (DFA) re nother

More information

State Minimization for DFAs

State Minimization for DFAs Stte Minimiztion for DFAs Red K & S 2.7 Do Homework 10. Consider: Stte Minimiztion 4 5 Is this miniml mchine? Step (1): Get rid of unrechle sttes. Stte Minimiztion 6, Stte is unrechle. Step (2): Get rid

More information

3 Regular expressions

3 Regular expressions 3 Regulr expressions Given n lphet Σ lnguge is set of words L Σ. So fr we were le to descrie lnguges either y using set theory (i.e. enumertion or comprehension) or y n utomton. In this section we shll

More information

1 From NFA to regular expression

1 From NFA to regular expression Note 1: How to convert DFA/NFA to regulr expression Version: 1.0 S/EE 374, Fll 2017 Septemer 11, 2017 In this note, we show tht ny DFA cn e converted into regulr expression. Our construction would work

More information

Speech Recognition Lecture 2: Finite Automata and Finite-State Transducers

Speech Recognition Lecture 2: Finite Automata and Finite-State Transducers Speech Recognition Lecture 2: Finite Automt nd Finite-Stte Trnsducers Eugene Weinstein Google, NYU Cournt Institute eugenew@cs.nyu.edu Slide Credit: Mehryr Mohri Preliminries Finite lphet, empty string.

More information

12.1 Nondeterminism Nondeterministic Finite Automata. a a b ε. CS125 Lecture 12 Fall 2016

12.1 Nondeterminism Nondeterministic Finite Automata. a a b ε. CS125 Lecture 12 Fall 2016 CS125 Lecture 12 Fll 2016 12.1 Nondeterminism The ide of nondeterministic computtions is to llow our lgorithms to mke guesses, nd only require tht they ccept when the guesses re correct. For exmple, simple

More information

Lexical Analysis Finite Automate

Lexical Analysis Finite Automate Lexicl Anlysis Finite Automte CMPSC 470 Lecture 04 Topics: Deterministic Finite Automt (DFA) Nondeterministic Finite Automt (NFA) Regulr Expression NFA DFA A. Finite Automt (FA) FA re grph, like trnsition

More information

input tape head moves current state

input tape head moves current state CPS 140 - Mthemticl Foundtions of CS Dr. Susn Rodger Section: Finite Automt (Ch. 2) (lecture notes) Things to do in clss tody (Jn. 13, 2004): ffl questions on homework 1 ffl finish chpter 1 ffl Red Chpter

More information

Lecture 9: LTL and Büchi Automata

Lecture 9: LTL and Büchi Automata Lecture 9: LTL nd Büchi Automt 1 LTL Property Ptterns Quite often the requirements of system follow some simple ptterns. Sometimes we wnt to specify tht property should only hold in certin context, clled

More information

Nondeterminism. Nondeterministic Finite Automata. Example: Moves on a Chessboard. Nondeterminism (2) Example: Chessboard (2) Formal NFA

Nondeterminism. Nondeterministic Finite Automata. Example: Moves on a Chessboard. Nondeterminism (2) Example: Chessboard (2) Formal NFA Nondeterminism Nondeterministic Finite Automt Nondeterminism Subset Construction A nondeterministic finite utomton hs the bility to be in severl sttes t once. Trnsitions from stte on n input symbol cn

More information

Automata Theory 101. Introduction. Outline. Introduction Finite Automata Regular Expressions ω-automata. Ralf Huuck.

Automata Theory 101. Introduction. Outline. Introduction Finite Automata Regular Expressions ω-automata. Ralf Huuck. Outline Automt Theory 101 Rlf Huuck Introduction Finite Automt Regulr Expressions ω-automt Session 1 2006 Rlf Huuck 1 Session 1 2006 Rlf Huuck 2 Acknowledgement Some slides re sed on Wolfgng Thoms excellent

More information

NON-DETERMINISTIC FSA

NON-DETERMINISTIC FSA Tw o types of non-determinism: NON-DETERMINISTIC FS () Multiple strt-sttes; strt-sttes S Q. The lnguge L(M) ={x:x tkes M from some strt-stte to some finl-stte nd ll of x is proessed}. The string x = is

More information

CSCI FOUNDATIONS OF COMPUTER SCIENCE

CSCI FOUNDATIONS OF COMPUTER SCIENCE 1 CSCI- 2200 FOUNDATIONS OF COMPUTER SCIENCE Spring 2015 My 7, 2015 2 Announcements Homework 9 is due now. Some finl exm review problems will be posted on the web site tody. These re prcqce problems not

More information

1.3 Regular Expressions

1.3 Regular Expressions 56 1.3 Regulr xpressions These hve n importnt role in describing ptterns in serching for strings in mny pplictions (e.g. wk, grep, Perl,...) All regulr expressions of lphbet re 1.Ønd re regulr expressions,

More information

Grammar. Languages. Content 5/10/16. Automata and Languages. Regular Languages. Regular Languages

Grammar. Languages. Content 5/10/16. Automata and Languages. Regular Languages. Regular Languages 5//6 Grmmr Automt nd Lnguges Regulr Grmmr Context-free Grmmr Context-sensitive Grmmr Prof. Mohmed Hmd Softwre Engineering L. The University of Aizu Jpn Regulr Lnguges Context Free Lnguges Context Sensitive

More information

CS375: Logic and Theory of Computing

CS375: Logic and Theory of Computing CS375: Logic nd Theory of Computing Fuhu (Frnk) Cheng Deprtment of Computer Science University of Kentucky 1 Tle of Contents: Week 1: Preliminries (set lger, reltions, functions) (red Chpters 1-4) Weeks

More information

Homework Solution - Set 5 Due: Friday 10/03/08

Homework Solution - Set 5 Due: Friday 10/03/08 CE 96 Introduction to the Theory of Computtion ll 2008 Homework olution - et 5 Due: ridy 10/0/08 1. Textook, Pge 86, Exercise 1.21. () 1 2 Add new strt stte nd finl stte. Mke originl finl stte non-finl.

More information

Where did dynamic programming come from?

Where did dynamic programming come from? Where did dynmic progrmming come from? String lgorithms Dvid Kuchk cs302 Spring 2012 Richrd ellmn On the irth of Dynmic Progrmming Sturt Dreyfus http://www.eng.tu.c.il/~mi/cd/ or50/1526-5463-2002-50-01-0048.pdf

More information

Context-Free Grammars and Languages

Context-Free Grammars and Languages Context-Free Grmmrs nd Lnguges (Bsed on Hopcroft, Motwni nd Ullmn (2007) & Cohen (1997)) Introduction Consider n exmple sentence: A smll ct ets the fish English grmmr hs rules for constructing sentences;

More information

Chapter 4 Regular Grammar and Regular Sets. (Solutions / Hints)

Chapter 4 Regular Grammar and Regular Sets. (Solutions / Hints) C K Ngpl Forml Lnguges nd utomt Theory Chpter 4 Regulr Grmmr nd Regulr ets (olutions / Hints) ol. (),,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, (),, (c) c c, c c, c, c, c c, c, c, c, c, c, c, c c,c, c, c, c, c, c, c, c,

More information

Section: Other Models of Turing Machines. Definition: Two automata are equivalent if they accept the same language.

Section: Other Models of Turing Machines. Definition: Two automata are equivalent if they accept the same language. Section: Other Models of Turing Mchines Definition: Two utomt re equivlent if they ccept the sme lnguge. Turing Mchines with Sty Option Modify δ, Theorem Clss of stndrd TM s is equivlent to clss of TM

More information

Prefix-Free Subsets of Regular Languages and Descriptional Complexity

Prefix-Free Subsets of Regular Languages and Descriptional Complexity Prefix-Free Susets of Regulr Lnguges nd Descriptionl Complexity Jozef Jirásek Jurj Šeej DCFS 2015 Prefix-Free Susets of Regulr Lnguges nd Descriptionl Complexity Jozef Jirásek, Jurj Šeej 1/22 Outline Mximl

More information

Solutions Problem Set 2. Problem (a) Let M denote the DFA constructed by swapping the accept and non-accepting state in M.

Solutions Problem Set 2. Problem (a) Let M denote the DFA constructed by swapping the accept and non-accepting state in M. Solution Prolem Set 2 Prolem.4 () Let M denote the DFA contructed y wpping the ccept nd non-ccepting tte in M. For ny tring w B, w will e ccepted y M, tht i, fter conuming the tring w, M will e in n ccepting

More information

Normal Forms for Context-free Grammars

Normal Forms for Context-free Grammars Norml Forms for Context-free Grmmrs 1 Linz 6th, Section 6.2 wo Importnt Norml Forms, pges 171--178 2 Chomsky Norml Form All productions hve form: A BC nd A vrile vrile terminl 3 Exmples: S AS S AS S S

More information

What else can you do?

What else can you do? Wht else cn you do? ngle sums The size of specil ngle types lernt erlier cn e used to find unknown ngles. tht form stright line dd to 180c. lculte the size of + M, if L is stright line M + L = 180c( stright

More information

The University of Nottingham

The University of Nottingham The University of Nottinghm SCHOOL OF COMPUTR SCINC AND INFORMATION TCHNOLOGY A LVL 1 MODUL, SPRING SMSTR 2004-2005 MACHINS AND THIR LANGUAGS Time llowed TWO hours Cndidtes must NOT strt writing their

More information

STRAND J: TRANSFORMATIONS, VECTORS and MATRICES

STRAND J: TRANSFORMATIONS, VECTORS and MATRICES Mthemtics SKE: STRN J STRN J: TRNSFORMTIONS, VETORS nd MTRIES J3 Vectors Text ontents Section J3.1 Vectors nd Sclrs * J3. Vectors nd Geometry Mthemtics SKE: STRN J J3 Vectors J3.1 Vectors nd Sclrs Vectors

More information

Chapter 1, Part 1. Regular Languages. CSC527, Chapter 1, Part 1 c 2012 Mitsunori Ogihara 1

Chapter 1, Part 1. Regular Languages. CSC527, Chapter 1, Part 1 c 2012 Mitsunori Ogihara 1 Chpter 1, Prt 1 Regulr Lnguges CSC527, Chpter 1, Prt 1 c 2012 Mitsunori Ogihr 1 Finite Automt A finite utomton is system for processing ny finite sequence of symols, where the symols re chosen from finite

More information

Overview HC9. Parsing: Top-Down & LL(1) Context-Free Grammars (1) Introduction. CFGs (3) Context-Free Grammars (2) Vertalerbouw HC 9: Ch.

Overview HC9. Parsing: Top-Down & LL(1) Context-Free Grammars (1) Introduction. CFGs (3) Context-Free Grammars (2) Vertalerbouw HC 9: Ch. Overview H9 Vertlerouw H 9: Prsing: op-down & LL(1) do 3 mei 2001 56 heo Ruys h. 8 - Prsing 8.1 ontext-free Grmmrs 8.2 op-down Prsing 8.3 LL(1) Grmmrs See lso [ho, Sethi & Ullmn 1986] for more thorough

More information

Improper Integrals. The First Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, as we ve discussed in class, goes as follows:

Improper Integrals. The First Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, as we ve discussed in class, goes as follows: Improper Integrls The First Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus, s we ve discussed in clss, goes s follows: If f is continuous on the intervl [, ] nd F is function for which F t = ft, then ftdt = F F. An integrl

More information

Lecture 2 : Propositions DRAFT

Lecture 2 : Propositions DRAFT CS/Mth 240: Introduction to Discrete Mthemtics 1/20/2010 Lecture 2 : Propositions Instructor: Dieter vn Melkeeek Scrie: Dlior Zelený DRAFT Lst time we nlyzed vrious mze solving lgorithms in order to illustrte

More information

PART 1 MULTIPLE CHOICE Circle the appropriate response to each of the questions below. Each question has a value of 1 point.

PART 1 MULTIPLE CHOICE Circle the appropriate response to each of the questions below. Each question has a value of 1 point. PART MULTIPLE CHOICE Circle the pproprite response to ech of the questions below. Ech question hs vlue of point.. If in sequence the second level difference is constnt, thn the sequence is:. rithmetic

More information

5.1 Definitions and Examples 5.2 Deterministic Pushdown Automata

5.1 Definitions and Examples 5.2 Deterministic Pushdown Automata CSC4510 AUTOMATA 5.1 Definitions nd Exmples 5.2 Deterministic Pushdown Automt Definitions nd Exmples A lnguge cn be generted by CFG if nd only if it cn be ccepted by pushdown utomton. A pushdown utomton

More information

Section 6.1 Definite Integral

Section 6.1 Definite Integral Section 6.1 Definite Integrl Suppose we wnt to find the re of region tht is not so nicely shped. For exmple, consider the function shown elow. The re elow the curve nd ove the x xis cnnot e determined

More information

CS 330 Formal Methods and Models

CS 330 Formal Methods and Models CS 330 Forml Methods nd Models Dn Richrds, section 003, George Mson University, Fll 2017 Quiz Solutions Quiz 1, Propositionl Logic Dte: Septemer 7 1. Prove (p q) (p q), () (5pts) using truth tles. p q

More information

Prefix-Free Regular-Expression Matching

Prefix-Free Regular-Expression Matching Prefix-Free Regulr-Expression Mthing Yo-Su Hn, Yjun Wng nd Derik Wood Deprtment of Computer Siene HKUST Prefix-Free Regulr-Expression Mthing p.1/15 Pttern Mthing Given pttern P nd text T, find ll sustrings

More information

4 VECTORS. 4.0 Introduction. Objectives. Activity 1

4 VECTORS. 4.0 Introduction. Objectives. Activity 1 4 VECTRS Chpter 4 Vectors jectives fter studying this chpter you should understnd the difference etween vectors nd sclrs; e le to find the mgnitude nd direction of vector; e le to dd vectors, nd multiply

More information

8. Complex Numbers. We can combine the real numbers with this new imaginary number to form the complex numbers.

8. Complex Numbers. We can combine the real numbers with this new imaginary number to form the complex numbers. 8. Complex Numers The rel numer system is dequte for solving mny mthemticl prolems. But it is necessry to extend the rel numer system to solve numer of importnt prolems. Complex numers do not chnge the

More information

USA Mathematical Talent Search Round 1 Solutions Year 21 Academic Year

USA Mathematical Talent Search Round 1 Solutions Year 21 Academic Year 1/1/21. Fill in the circles in the picture t right with the digits 1-8, one digit in ech circle with no digit repeted, so tht no two circles tht re connected by line segment contin consecutive digits.

More information

The Wave Equation I. MA 436 Kurt Bryan

The Wave Equation I. MA 436 Kurt Bryan 1 Introduction The Wve Eqution I MA 436 Kurt Bryn Consider string stretching long the x xis, of indeterminte (or even infinite!) length. We wnt to derive n eqution which models the motion of the string

More information

Formal Languages and Automata Theory. D. Goswami and K. V. Krishna

Formal Languages and Automata Theory. D. Goswami and K. V. Krishna Forml Lnguges nd Automt Theory D. Goswmi nd K. V. Krishn Novemer 5, 2010 Contents 1 Mthemticl Preliminries 3 2 Forml Lnguges 4 2.1 Strings............................... 5 2.2 Lnguges.............................

More information

Automata and Languages

Automata and Languages Automt nd Lnguges Prof. Mohmed Hmd Softwre Engineering Lb. The University of Aizu Jpn Grmmr Regulr Grmmr Context-free Grmmr Context-sensitive Grmmr Regulr Lnguges Context Free Lnguges Context Sensitive

More information

Farey Fractions. Rickard Fernström. U.U.D.M. Project Report 2017:24. Department of Mathematics Uppsala University

Farey Fractions. Rickard Fernström. U.U.D.M. Project Report 2017:24. Department of Mathematics Uppsala University U.U.D.M. Project Report 07:4 Frey Frctions Rickrd Fernström Exmensrete i mtemtik, 5 hp Hledre: Andres Strömergsson Exmintor: Jörgen Östensson Juni 07 Deprtment of Mthemtics Uppsl University Frey Frctions

More information

Shape and measurement

Shape and measurement C H A P T E R 5 Shpe nd mesurement Wht is Pythgors theorem? How do we use Pythgors theorem? How do we find the perimeter of shpe? How do we find the re of shpe? How do we find the volume of shpe? How do

More information

The final exam will take place on Friday May 11th from 8am 11am in Evans room 60.

The final exam will take place on Friday May 11th from 8am 11am in Evans room 60. Mth 104: finl informtion The finl exm will tke plce on Fridy My 11th from 8m 11m in Evns room 60. The exm will cover ll prts of the course with equl weighting. It will cover Chpters 1 5, 7 15, 17 21, 23

More information

Learning Goals. Relational Query Languages. Formal Relational Query Languages. Formal Query Languages: Relational Algebra and Relational Calculus

Learning Goals. Relational Query Languages. Formal Relational Query Languages. Formal Query Languages: Relational Algebra and Relational Calculus Forml Query Lnguges: Reltionl Alger nd Reltionl Clculus Chpter 4 Lerning Gols Given dtse ( set of tles ) you will e le to express dtse query in Reltionl Alger (RA), involving the sic opertors (selection,

More information

Continuous Random Variables Class 5, Jeremy Orloff and Jonathan Bloom

Continuous Random Variables Class 5, Jeremy Orloff and Jonathan Bloom Lerning Gols Continuous Rndom Vriles Clss 5, 8.05 Jeremy Orloff nd Jonthn Bloom. Know the definition of continuous rndom vrile. 2. Know the definition of the proility density function (pdf) nd cumultive

More information

Improper Integrals. Introduction. Type 1: Improper Integrals on Infinite Intervals. When we defined the definite integral.

Improper Integrals. Introduction. Type 1: Improper Integrals on Infinite Intervals. When we defined the definite integral. Improper Integrls Introduction When we defined the definite integrl f d we ssumed tht f ws continuous on [, ] where [, ] ws finite, closed intervl There re t lest two wys this definition cn fil to e stisfied:

More information

expression simply by forming an OR of the ANDs of all input variables for which the output is

expression simply by forming an OR of the ANDs of all input variables for which the output is 2.4 Logic Minimiztion nd Krnugh Mps As we found ove, given truth tle, it is lwys possile to write down correct logic expression simply y forming n OR of the ANDs of ll input vriles for which the output

More information

10. AREAS BETWEEN CURVES

10. AREAS BETWEEN CURVES . AREAS BETWEEN CURVES.. Ares etween curves So res ove the x-xis re positive nd res elow re negtive, right? Wrong! We lied! Well, when you first lern out integrtion it s convenient fiction tht s true in

More information

Recursively Enumerable and Recursive. Languages

Recursively Enumerable and Recursive. Languages Recursively Enumerble nd Recursive nguges 1 Recll Definition (clss 19.pdf) Definition 10.4, inz, 6 th, pge 279 et S be set of strings. An enumertion procedure for Turing Mchine tht genertes ll strings

More information

On Determinisation of History-Deterministic Automata.

On Determinisation of History-Deterministic Automata. On Deterministion of History-Deterministic Automt. Denis Kupererg Mich l Skrzypczk University of Wrsw YR-ICALP 2014 Copenhgen Introduction Deterministic utomt re centrl tool in utomt theory: Polynomil

More information

How to simulate Turing machines by invertible one-dimensional cellular automata

How to simulate Turing machines by invertible one-dimensional cellular automata How to simulte Turing mchines by invertible one-dimensionl cellulr utomt Jen-Christophe Dubcq Déprtement de Mthémtiques et d Informtique, École Normle Supérieure de Lyon, 46, llée d Itlie, 69364 Lyon Cedex

More information

Exam 2 Solutions ECE 221 Electric Circuits

Exam 2 Solutions ECE 221 Electric Circuits Nme: PSU Student ID Numer: Exm 2 Solutions ECE 221 Electric Circuits Novemer 12, 2008 Dr. Jmes McNmes Keep your exm flt during the entire exm If you hve to leve the exm temporrily, close the exm nd leve

More information

Introduction to Electrical & Electronic Engineering ENGG1203

Introduction to Electrical & Electronic Engineering ENGG1203 Introduction to Electricl & Electronic Engineering ENGG23 2 nd Semester, 27-8 Dr. Hden Kwok-H So Deprtment of Electricl nd Electronic Engineering Astrction DIGITAL LOGIC 2 Digitl Astrction n Astrct ll

More information

MATH 573 FINAL EXAM. May 30, 2007

MATH 573 FINAL EXAM. May 30, 2007 MATH 573 FINAL EXAM My 30, 007 NAME: Solutions 1. This exm is due Wednesdy, June 6 efore the 1:30 pm. After 1:30 pm I will NOT ccept the exm.. This exm hs 1 pges including this cover. There re 10 prolems.

More information

5.4 The Quarter-Wave Transformer

5.4 The Quarter-Wave Transformer 3/4/7 _4 The Qurter Wve Trnsformer /.4 The Qurter-Wve Trnsformer Redg Assignment: pp. 73-76, 4-43 By now you ve noticed tht qurter-wve length of trnsmission le ( = λ 4, β = π ) ppers often microwve engeerg

More information

Nondeterministic Finite Automata

Nondeterministic Finite Automata Nondeterministi Finite utomt The Power of Guessing Tuesdy, Otoer 4, 2 Reding: Sipser.2 (first prt); Stoughton 3.3 3.5 S235 Lnguges nd utomt eprtment of omputer Siene Wellesley ollege Finite utomton (F)

More information

Separating Regular Languages with First-Order Logic

Separating Regular Languages with First-Order Logic Seprting Regulr Lnguges with First-Order Logic Thoms Plce Mrc Zeitoun LBRI, Bordeux University, Frnce firstnme.lstnme@lri.fr Astrct Given two lnguges, seprtor is third lnguge tht contins the first one

More information

PHYSICS 211 MIDTERM I 21 April 2004

PHYSICS 211 MIDTERM I 21 April 2004 PHYSICS MIDERM I April 004 Exm is closed book, closed notes. Use only your formul sheet. Write ll work nd nswers in exm booklets. he bcks of pges will not be grded unless you so request on the front of

More information

Math 8 Winter 2015 Applications of Integration

Math 8 Winter 2015 Applications of Integration Mth 8 Winter 205 Applictions of Integrtion Here re few importnt pplictions of integrtion. The pplictions you my see on n exm in this course include only the Net Chnge Theorem (which is relly just the Fundmentl

More information

MTH 505: Number Theory Spring 2017

MTH 505: Number Theory Spring 2017 MTH 505: Numer Theory Spring 207 Homework 2 Drew Armstrong The Froenius Coin Prolem. Consider the eqution x ` y c where,, c, x, y re nturl numers. We cn think of $ nd $ s two denomintions of coins nd $c

More information

Complementing Büchi Automata with a Subset-tuple Construction

Complementing Büchi Automata with a Subset-tuple Construction DEPARTEMENT D INFORMATIQUE DEPARTEMENT FÜR INFORMATIK Bd de Pérolles 90 CH-1700 Friourg www.unifr.ch/informtics WORKING PAPER Complementing Büchi Automt with Suset-tuple Construction J. Allred & U. Ultes-Nitsche

More information

MA123, Chapter 10: Formulas for integrals: integrals, antiderivatives, and the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus (pp.

MA123, Chapter 10: Formulas for integrals: integrals, antiderivatives, and the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus (pp. MA123, Chpter 1: Formuls for integrls: integrls, ntiderivtives, nd the Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus (pp. 27-233, Gootmn) Chpter Gols: Assignments: Understnd the sttement of the Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus.

More information

Problem Set 9. Figure 1: Diagram. This picture is a rough sketch of the 4 parabolas that give us the area that we need to find. The equations are:

Problem Set 9. Figure 1: Diagram. This picture is a rough sketch of the 4 parabolas that give us the area that we need to find. The equations are: (x + y ) = y + (x + y ) = x + Problem Set 9 Discussion: Nov., Nov. 8, Nov. (on probbility nd binomil coefficients) The nme fter the problem is the designted writer of the solution of tht problem. (No one

More information

MATH STUDENT BOOK. 10th Grade Unit 5

MATH STUDENT BOOK. 10th Grade Unit 5 MATH STUDENT BOOK 10th Grde Unit 5 Unit 5 Similr Polygons MATH 1005 Similr Polygons INTRODUCTION 3 1. PRINCIPLES OF ALGEBRA 5 RATIOS AND PROPORTIONS 5 PROPERTIES OF PROPORTIONS 11 SELF TEST 1 16 2. SIMILARITY

More information

Project 6: Minigoals Towards Simplifying and Rewriting Expressions

Project 6: Minigoals Towards Simplifying and Rewriting Expressions MAT 51 Wldis Projet 6: Minigols Towrds Simplifying nd Rewriting Expressions The distriutive property nd like terms You hve proly lerned in previous lsses out dding like terms ut one prolem with the wy

More information

1.2 What is a vector? (Section 2.2) Two properties (attributes) of a vector are and.

1.2 What is a vector? (Section 2.2) Two properties (attributes) of a vector are and. Homework 1. Chpters 2. Bsis independent vectors nd their properties Show work except for fill-in-lnks-prolems (print.pdf from www.motiongenesis.com Textooks Resources). 1.1 Solving prolems wht engineers

More information

Lecture 3. Limits of Functions and Continuity

Lecture 3. Limits of Functions and Continuity Lecture 3 Limits of Functions nd Continuity Audrey Terrs April 26, 21 1 Limits of Functions Notes I m skipping the lst section of Chpter 6 of Lng; the section bout open nd closed sets We cn probbly live

More information

5: The Definite Integral

5: The Definite Integral 5: The Definite Integrl 5.: Estimting with Finite Sums Consider moving oject its velocity (meters per second) t ny time (seconds) is given y v t = t+. Cn we use this informtion to determine the distnce

More information

NUMERICAL INTEGRATION. The inverse process to differentiation in calculus is integration. Mathematically, integration is represented by.

NUMERICAL INTEGRATION. The inverse process to differentiation in calculus is integration. Mathematically, integration is represented by. NUMERICAL INTEGRATION 1 Introduction The inverse process to differentition in clculus is integrtion. Mthemticlly, integrtion is represented by f(x) dx which stnds for the integrl of the function f(x) with

More information

Continuous Random Variables

Continuous Random Variables STAT/MATH 395 A - PROBABILITY II UW Winter Qurter 217 Néhémy Lim Continuous Rndom Vribles Nottion. The indictor function of set S is rel-vlued function defined by : { 1 if x S 1 S (x) if x S Suppose tht

More information

INF1383 -Bancos de Dados

INF1383 -Bancos de Dados 3//0 INF383 -ncos de Ddos Prof. Sérgio Lifschitz DI PUC-Rio Eng. Computção, Sistems de Informção e Ciênci d Computção LGER RELCIONL lguns slides sedos ou modificdos dos originis em Elmsri nd Nvthe, Fundmentls

More information

This chapter will show you. What you should already know. 1 Write down the value of each of the following. a 5 2

This chapter will show you. What you should already know. 1 Write down the value of each of the following. a 5 2 1 Direct vrition 2 Inverse vrition This chpter will show you how to solve prolems where two vriles re connected y reltionship tht vries in direct or inverse proportion Direct proportion Inverse proportion

More information

Quadratic reciprocity

Quadratic reciprocity Qudrtic recirocity Frncisc Bozgn Los Angeles Mth Circle Octoer 8, 01 1 Qudrtic Recirocity nd Legendre Symol In the eginning of this lecture, we recll some sic knowledge out modulr rithmetic: Definition

More information

1 Online Learning and Regret Minimization

1 Online Learning and Regret Minimization 2.997 Decision-Mking in Lrge-Scle Systems My 10 MIT, Spring 2004 Hndout #29 Lecture Note 24 1 Online Lerning nd Regret Minimiztion In this lecture, we consider the problem of sequentil decision mking in

More information

Section 4.8. D v(t j 1 ) t. (4.8.1) j=1

Section 4.8. D v(t j 1 ) t. (4.8.1) j=1 Difference Equtions to Differentil Equtions Section.8 Distnce, Position, nd the Length of Curves Although we motivted the definition of the definite integrl with the notion of re, there re mny pplictions

More information

On NFA reductions. N6A 5B7, London, Ontario, CANADA ilie 2 Department of Computer Science, University of Chile

On NFA reductions. N6A 5B7, London, Ontario, CANADA ilie 2 Department of Computer Science, University of Chile On NFA reductions Lucin Ilie 1,, Gonzlo Nvrro 2, nd Sheng Yu 1, 1 Deprtment of Computer Science, University of Western Ontrio N6A 5B7, London, Ontrio, CANADA ilie syu@csd.uwo.c 2 Deprtment of Computer

More information

u( t) + K 2 ( ) = 1 t > 0 Analyzing Damped Oscillations Problem (Meador, example 2-18, pp 44-48): Determine the equation of the following graph.

u( t) + K 2 ( ) = 1 t > 0 Analyzing Damped Oscillations Problem (Meador, example 2-18, pp 44-48): Determine the equation of the following graph. nlyzing Dmped Oscilltions Prolem (Medor, exmple 2-18, pp 44-48): Determine the eqution of the following grph. The eqution is ssumed to e of the following form f ( t) = K 1 u( t) + K 2 e!"t sin (#t + $

More information

13.3 CLASSICAL STRAIGHTEDGE AND COMPASS CONSTRUCTIONS

13.3 CLASSICAL STRAIGHTEDGE AND COMPASS CONSTRUCTIONS 33 CLASSICAL STRAIGHTEDGE AND COMPASS CONSTRUCTIONS As simple ppliction of the results we hve obtined on lgebric extensions, nd in prticulr on the multiplictivity of extension degrees, we cn nswer (in

More information

Similarity and Congruence

Similarity and Congruence Similrity nd ongruence urriculum Redy MMG: 201, 220, 221, 243, 244 www.mthletics.com SIMILRITY N ONGRUN If two shpes re congruent, it mens thy re equl in every wy ll their corresponding sides nd ngles

More information

a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a In this section, we introduce a general formula for computing determinants.

a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a In this section, we introduce a general formula for computing determinants. Section 9 The Lplce Expnsion In the lst section, we defined the determinnt of (3 3) mtrix A 12 to be 22 12 21 22 2231 22 12 21. In this section, we introduce generl formul for computing determinnts. Rewriting

More information

Chapter 4 Contravariance, Covariance, and Spacetime Diagrams

Chapter 4 Contravariance, Covariance, and Spacetime Diagrams Chpter 4 Contrvrince, Covrince, nd Spcetime Digrms 4. The Components of Vector in Skewed Coordintes We hve seen in Chpter 3; figure 3.9, tht in order to show inertil motion tht is consistent with the Lorentz

More information

Math 017. Materials With Exercises

Math 017. Materials With Exercises Mth 07 Mterils With Eercises Jul 0 TABLE OF CONTENTS Lesson Vriles nd lgeric epressions; Evlution of lgeric epressions... Lesson Algeric epressions nd their evlutions; Order of opertions....... Lesson

More information

The Minimization Problem. The Minimization Problem. The Minimization Problem. The Minimization Problem. The Minimization Problem

The Minimization Problem. The Minimization Problem. The Minimization Problem. The Minimization Problem. The Minimization Problem Simpler & More Generl Minimiztion for Weighted Finite-Stte Automt Json Eisner Johns Hopkins University My 28, 2003 HLT-NAACL First hlf of tlk is setup - revies pst ork. Second hlf gives outline of the

More information

Department of Chemical Engineering ChE-101: Approaches to Chemical Engineering Problem Solving MATLAB Tutorial VII

Department of Chemical Engineering ChE-101: Approaches to Chemical Engineering Problem Solving MATLAB Tutorial VII Tutoril VII: Liner Regression Lst updted 5/8/06 b G.G. Botte Deprtment of Chemicl Engineering ChE-0: Approches to Chemicl Engineering Problem Solving MATLAB Tutoril VII Liner Regression Using Lest Squre

More information

Preview 11/1/2017. Greedy Algorithms. Coin Change. Coin Change. Coin Change. Coin Change. Greedy algorithms. Greedy Algorithms

Preview 11/1/2017. Greedy Algorithms. Coin Change. Coin Change. Coin Change. Coin Change. Greedy algorithms. Greedy Algorithms Preview Greed Algorithms Greed Algorithms Coin Chnge Huffmn Code Greed lgorithms end to e simple nd strightforwrd. Are often used to solve optimiztion prolems. Alws mke the choice tht looks est t the moment,

More information

Line and Surface Integrals: An Intuitive Understanding

Line and Surface Integrals: An Intuitive Understanding Line nd Surfce Integrls: An Intuitive Understnding Joseph Breen Introduction Multivrible clculus is ll bout bstrcting the ides of differentition nd integrtion from the fmilir single vrible cse to tht of

More information

8 factors of x. For our second example, let s raise a power to a power:

8 factors of x. For our second example, let s raise a power to a power: CH 5 THE FIVE LAWS OF EXPONENTS EXPONENTS WITH VARIABLES It s no time for chnge in tctics, in order to give us deeper understnding of eponents. For ech of the folloing five emples, e ill stretch nd squish,

More information

Design and Analysis of Distributed Interacting Systems

Design and Analysis of Distributed Interacting Systems Design nd Anlysis of Distriuted Intercting Systems Lecture 6 LTL Model Checking Prof. Dr. Joel Greenyer My 16, 2013 Some Book References (1) C. Bier, J.-P. Ktoen: Principles of Model Checking. The MIT

More information

Chapter 3 MATRIX. In this chapter: 3.1 MATRIX NOTATION AND TERMINOLOGY

Chapter 3 MATRIX. In this chapter: 3.1 MATRIX NOTATION AND TERMINOLOGY Chpter 3 MTRIX In this chpter: Definition nd terms Specil Mtrices Mtrix Opertion: Trnspose, Equlity, Sum, Difference, Sclr Multipliction, Mtrix Multipliction, Determinnt, Inverse ppliction of Mtrix in

More information