`b-s -Sp-Ø kpc- n-x-xz-øn-\p am K-a

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1 Cw ojv {]Xnhmc]Xn ns ae-bmf ]cn`mj ]pkvxiw 10 e w 39 UNICUIQUE SUUM 24 \hw_ 2017 Malayalam Version of the English Weekly Edition 12 t]pp-iƒ NON PRAEVALEBUNT H -{]Xn: hne 15 cq], hm jni hcn-kwjy: $550 k-a-{k am-\-hhn-i-k-\-sø t{]m mln- n- p- -Xn\p-th nbp Imcyme-bw \ncmbp-[o-i-c-w-sø- p-dn- v A t±-iob ktω-f\w \SØn `b-s -Sp-Ø kpc- n-x-xz-øn-\p am K-a BWhmbp-[-ß-fp-sS D]tbm-Kw A t±-iob _- -߃- p- h `o-j-wn-sb v am -]m k-a-{k -am-\-hhn-i-k\w t{]m- m-ln n- p- Xn\pth nbp- Im-cym-e-bw ""BW-hm-bp[ hn-ap- - am-b tem-i-hpw k-a-{k-am-b \n-cm-bp-[o-i-c-w-hpw'' F- hn-j-b-sø- p-dn- v h-øn- m-\n \-hw-_ Xo-b-Xn-I-fn H-cp Zzn-Zn-\k-tΩ-f-\w kw-l-sn- n- p. BWhmbp-[-ßsf-bpw B-bp-[- - -h-s-søbpw {^m -kokv am ]m \nc- cw A-]-e-]n- p- -Xn \n- pw {]-tnm-z-\w Dƒ-s m- m-wv k-tωf- \w hn-fn- piq- nb-xv. ]-cn-ip- ]n-xm-hpw tã v sk- {I- -dn-bpw k-tω-f-\-sø A-`n-kw-t_m-[-\ sn-bvxp. \-hw-_ 10 sh- n-bm-gv-n cm-hn-se \ Inb A`nkw-t_m-[-\-bn ""`-b-øn-s am\-kn-im-h-ÿbn \n- m-wv \yq- n-b B-bp-[-߃- m-bp- a- -cw D-b-cp- -sx- v'' ]-c-am-nm-cy Nq- n- m- n. AXv C-t mƒ am-\-hcmin msi `o-j-wn-bm-bn-cn- p- p. h -hn-\m-i-i-c-am-b B-bp-[-߃, {]-txy- In- pw BWhmbp-[-߃, krjvsn p -Xv I-]-S kp-c- n-x-xz-t_m-[-am-wv. am-\-hip-spw-_-øn-se Aw-K-߃- n-s-bn k-am-[m-\-]q -Δ-am-b k-l-hmk-øn-\p- A-Sn-Ø-d-bm-Ip-hm A-h-bv m-hn-. A-Xp km-[y-am-ip- -Xv sf-iy-zm -Vy-Øn-s [m - Ωn-I-X-bn \n- p-am-wv. I ±n-\mƒ ]-tcm-fn \-S- Øn-b {]-kw-k-øn, ssk-\n-is -e-hp-i-fn \n- pw Hcp hnlnxw \o n-h v Zcn{Z - m-bn H-cp B- tkm-f\n-[n cq]o-i-cn- Ww F- t]mƒ B-dm-a am ]m - \ Inb Blzm-\sØ A-\p-kv-a-cn p. 6 8 t]pp-i-fn {XnIm-e-P]w kvt\l-ssxew kwh-ln- pi s]m-xp-z -i-\-thf-bn ssz-hhp-am-bp- hy n]cam-b _ amwv {]m - -\ \-hw-_ 15 _p-[-\m-gv-n, hnip ]t{xm-kn-s _kn-en bpss N-Xz-c-Øn h p s]m-xp-z -i-\thf-bn ]s -Sp- Ø hn-izm-kn-i-sf A-`n-kw-t_m[-\ sn-bv-xp-sim- v {^m kokv am ]m ""Znhy-_-enb - -W-Øn-s at\m-lm-cn-x''- sb p-dn- p- hnnn- -\-ß-fpsS ]-c-º-c Xp-S - p. AXnt{i-jvT-amb {]m - -\-bm-w-xv. A-Xyp- -X-hpw ]-c-tam- - X-hpw A-tXk-a-bw G- -hpw ""h-kv-xp-\n-jvt-hp-''am-w-xv. \mw {]m - n- p-hm ]Tn- -Ww. A-Xn-\v H- m-a-xm-bn \sω ""A`y-kn- n-t - -Xp-s v \mw hn-\o-x-am-bn Aw-Ko-I-cn- -Ww. "I -Øm-th, F-s {]m - n- p-hm ]Tn- n- - Wta' F- v e-fn-xam-bn G p-]-d-bp-ibpw thww,'' F v ]-cn-ip- ]n-xm-hv ]-d- p. Cu G p-]-d- n \S-Ø-W-sa- n \mw inip- -fmwv F- v \-ap- px-s Xn-cn- -dn-bm\mhww. F- psim-s - m kz -Kcm-Py-Øn {]-th-in- - Wsa n \mw inip sf-t m-se B-tI- -Xp- v.- 3 mw t]pn 10 mw t]pn a skbnse hnc-an B p_n-j v I ±n-\mƒ ]m\^yq ZnhwKX-\mbn 4 mw t]pn "kvt\l-øns B\-μ'sØ p-dn- p kntºm-kn-b-øn\v IpSpw-_-amWv adp-a-cp v 5 mw t]pn ]k-^niv Zzo]k-aq-l- Iq- m-bva-bpss t\xm- -tfmsv Hcp BtKm-fX{ w 9 mw t]pn

2 2 {]Xn-hm-c-]-Xn v Hs h-tømsc sdmamt\m ]pkvxiw 10, e w \hw_ 2017 Iq-Sn- m-gv-niƒ \-hw-_ 8, _p[ hnip- -cpss \ma-i-c-w-øn-\p-th- n-bp Xn-cp-kw-L-Øn-s {]os^ivsv I -±n-\mƒ B sem Aam-tØm, SDB \-hw_ 9, hymgw ssh-zn-ikaqlk`mw-k-߃- p-th- nbp- Xn-cp-kw-L-Øn-s {]os-^ivsv I - ±n-\mƒ s_-\ymans\m sã aym- m bq-wn-b dn- -ªn- n-s Aw- _m-ku lnkv FIvk-se kn an-ã km se-hn \nb-a\]-{xk-a - W-Øn- \mbn {Ko-kn-se A- -kv-txmen-i \p -sjymbpw ko-e-bp-ss ÿm\n-i sa-{xm-t m-eo- Ø-bpam-b kmhnsbm tlm Xmbv ^mbv, SDB ]-cm-tkz dn- -ªn- n-s {]-knu v lnkv FIvk-se kn an-ã slm-td-sjym ams\z Im -s -kv Pm-cm ]-cn-hm-c-ß-tfmssmøv \-hw-_ 10, sh- n C- m-en-b sa{xm k-an-xn-bp-ss {]-kn- U pw s]dq-pn-b- -NnØ sz ]ntb-shbpss B - v-_n-j- pam-b I- ±n-\mƒ Kzm- -Ønsbsdm _t Øn P-\-X-I-fp-sS kphn-ti-j-hxv -c-øn- \pth- n-bp- Xn-cp-kw-L-Øn-s {]os^ivsv I -±n-\mƒ s^ -Wms m ^n-temwn hnizmkxn-cp-kw-l-øn-s {]os^œpw Xn-_n- -bp-ss ÿm\n-i sa-{xm-t m-eo- Ø-bpam-b I -±n-\mƒ eq-bn-kv {^m -knkvsim e-zmcn-b s^-sd, SJ A-t{Km-t m-fn-bp-ss ÿm\n-i sa-{xm-t meo-øbpw en-xzm-\n-b, F-kvtXmWn-b, emxvhnb F o cmpy-ß-fn-te- p A- -kvtxmen-i \p -sjym-bp-am-b -s]-s{zm tem-s -kv Izn m\ s_-em-d-kn-se A- -kv-txmen-i \p sjymbpw sh-se-_-kv-z-kn-s ÿm \ni sa-{xm-t m-eo-ø-bpam-b Kymt_m ]ns \-hw_ 11, i\n sa-{xm- m - p-th- n-bp- Xn-cp-kw-L- Øn-s {]os-^ivsv I -±n-\mƒ am v Hu- Δ-s - v, PSS kodm en-tbmsw dn -ªn- n-s {]-kn- U v lnkv FIvk-se kn an-ã G - sw-ãv _m-bv simtcm-a ]-cn-hm-c-ß-tfmssmøv hn-b- -bnse A- m-cm-{ k - m ÿm- ]-\-ßfnte pw sf-iy-cmjv{s-kwl-s-\- bn-te pw sf-iycmjv{s hymh-km-bni hni-k\ kwl-s-\-bnte pw (UNIDO) ]-cn-ip- knw-lm-k-\-øns ÿncw\nco- -I\pw A tz-iob A-t m-aniv F- høn- m hm Øm-]-{XnI \ Pn GP kn (IAEA) bnte- pw bqtdm- n-se kp-c- n-x-xz-øn-\pw k-l-ic- W-Øn-\pw-th- n-bp- kw-l-s-\bnte- pap ÿncw{]-xn-\n-[n-bp-amb tam. Pm-\yp-kv D -_ -kn-kviv C-dm C- m-an-iv dn- -ªn- n-s Aw-_mk-U lnkv FIvk-se kn an-ã samlω-zv Xm-sl d- m-\n hn-s-hm-ß kμ i-\-øn \-hw-_ 13, Xn ƒ kmem s_mtfm- -bn h p\s hnhn[ Xncp-kw-L-ß-fpsS Hcp kwbp- -k-tω-f-\-øn ]-cn-ip- -]n-xm-hv A y- -X h-ln p sa-{xm \nba-\ am- ߃ t]m-f- n-se In-sb -kn-s k-lm-b-sa- {Xm-\m-bn ^m-z Bt{μ-Pv I-te-Øsb ]-cn-ip- -]n-xm-hv \n-b-an- v, am-iv-kn-x-bpss ÿm\n-isa{xm ÿm\w `-c-ta-ev-]n- p. CXph-sc At±lw ssh-zn-ikaqlmw-kßfpss ÿncw cq]o-i-c-wøn-\pth- n-bp- F- -nkv-tim- hn-im B- bn-cp- p (\-hw-. 8). \n-bp- _nj v I-te-Ø (60 hbv) t]m-f- n-se _pkv-sim k{z-pn P-\n- p ta-bv 25 \v ]u-tcm-l-nxyw kzo-i-cn p. CS-h-I ip-{iq-j-tbm-ssm-øv cq]xm ta-p sk-an-\m-cn-bn in -W- Øns {]o-s^œv, cq]xm ss{s-_yq-wen Uns^ U Hm^v Z t_m v, skan-\m-cn sse-{_-dn-bn U-b-dŒ, sk-an-\m-cn-bn an n-tbm-f-pn-bpss s{]m- ^, I-sb -kn-se Pm sim- -t\mhv-kv-in bq-wn-th-gv-kn- n-bn C Ãn- yq v Hm^v sse-{_dn kb knepw tp Wen-k-Ønepw A-UvPw-Œv s{]m-^, ta- P sk-an-\m-cn- pw In-sb -kn-se cq]- X-bnse ssh-zn-imwk-߃- pw-th- n-bp- B- ym-fln-i-\n-b- mhv, ax-t_m-[\- Øns cq]xmhnkn-, s{]-kv-_ns -d Iu -kn-en-s bpw tim-fpv Hm^v I kƒ-t -gv-kn-s bpw Aw-Kw, IØo-{U Nm-]v- -dn-s Im-\ F- o ÿm\ßfn At±lw tkh\a\pjvtn- n p- v. A -P o-\-bn-se km C-ko-s{Zm cq-]xbnse ssh-zn-ikaqlk`mw-kam-b ^m- Z a t sem ^m-_n-b a- n-sø nsb A -P o-\-bn-se sa-t m-k A-Xn-cq-]-Xbp-sS k-lm-b-sa-{xm\-mbn ]-cn-ip- - ]n- I -±n-\mƒ ÿm\n-i-np-a-x-e-tb-s -SpØp \-hw-_ 12 Rmb-dm-gvN, am-en-bn-se _amsim-bp-ss B v_n-j m-b I -±n-\mƒ Po sk s_m, hnb XpkvsIm-em-\-bnse km v'a-t mwnsbm Zm ]tzmhbpss ÿm\w `c-ta- p. Cu tdma sszhm-e-b-øns Ihm- SØn, CS-h-I-hn-Imcn ^mz ]kvizms B _nkv\n I ±n-\m-fns\ kzoi-cn- p. kam[m-\-øn\p-th- n-bp {]m \mn-cww \hw-_ 23, hymgmgvn sship-t cw 5.30 \v høn- m _kn-en- bnse "Xncp-knw-lm-k-\-Øns AƒØm-c'-bn timwtkm sutam-{im- niv dn - ªn- nepw Z nw kpum\nepw kam-[m-\-øn-\m-bp {]m - \mn-c-w- Øn\v ]cnip- - ]n-xmhv Im Ωn-IXzw hln- pw. Xm-hv \n-b-an- v, ]utk-c-bpss ÿm\ni sa{xm ÿm\w `-c-ta-ev-]n p. C-Xph-sc ssh-zn-ikaq-lmw-k-߃- p-th- n-bp- Xn-cp-kw-L-Øn-s H-cp D-tZym-K-ÿ-\mbn-cp- p At±lw (\-hw. 10). \n-bp- _nj v am- n-sø n (57 hb- v) A -P o-\-bn-se _p-sht\mkv sf-sdkn P-\n- p am - v 11 \v ]utcm-lnxyw kzo-i-cn- p. ssz-him-kv- {X-Øn sse-k tjy v t\sn. C-S-h-Iip-{iq-j-tbm-sSmØv km C-ko-s{Zm cq]-xm-skan-\m-cn-bn {]os^œv, sdœ, s{]-kv-_n-s -d Iu -kn-en-s AwKw, Organización de Seminarios en Argentina bpss {]-kn-u v, Iyq-_-bnepw tlmƒ-kznbnepw an-jw-dn F- o ÿm\-ßfn CXphsc At±lw tkh-\-a-\p-jvtn- n- p v. t]m-f- n-se txm-d-an-s _nj v Bt{μ- Pv thm-pv-ko-jv kp-kv-in -k-a - n- cm-pn ]-cn-ip- -]n-xm-hv kzo-i-cn- p (\-hw-. 11). txm-d-an-s _n-j- m-bn hntb- mhv kvan-kn-sb-en-s\ ]-cn-ip- -]n-xm-hv \n-b-an p. C-Xph-sc At±lw _n-bm-xy-bp-ss ÿm- \n-isa-{xm\pw t]m-f- n-se s] -πn-s k-lm-b-sa{xm-\p-am-bn-cp- p (\-hw-. 11). _nj- v kv-an-kn-b (48 h-b v) t]mf- n-se kzobiv \mzv hn- -bn P-\n- p ta-bv 29 \v ]u-tcm-lnxyw kzo- I-cn- p. s_bmxy-bp-ss ÿm\n-i sa-{xm- \mbpw s] -πn-s k-lm-b-sa-{xm-\mbpw \n-b-an-x-\m-b-xn-s\-øp-s - v 2012 G- {]n 21 \v At±lw sa-{xm-\m-bn A-`njn- -\m-bn. sim-fw-_n-b-bn-se _m-c -Izn -bp-ss B - v-_n-j mb sspscm P-cm-ans m tam -km -hv k-a - n- cm-pn ]-cn-ip- - ]n-xm-hv kzo-i-cn- p (\-hw-. 14). sim-fw-_n-b-bn-se _m-c -Izn A-Xn-cq- ]-X-bp-sS k-lm-b-sa-{xm ÿm-\-øp- \n- v _nj- v hn-œ A-t m-wnsbm X- am-sbm _n -tim - v k-a - n- cm-pn ]- cn-ip- -]n-xm-hv kzo-i-cn- p (\-hw-. 14). _m-sc -Izn -bp-ss B v_n-j- m-bn _nj v ]msªm Fanscm k-em-kv Bs -en-kn-s\ ]-cn-ip- - ]n-xm-hv \n-ban- p. C-Xph-sc At±lw sim-fw-_n-bbn-se A -ta-\n-b-bp-ss _n-j- m-bn-cp- p (\-hw. 14). B - v-_nj- v kem-kv B-s -en-kv (60 h-b v) sim-fw-_n-b-bn-se h-s -Zp- ]m-dn P-\n- p Un-kw-_- 2 \v ]utcm-lnxyw kzo-i-cn- p. sim-fw-_n-b-bnse F-kv-]n-\m-en-s _n-j- m-bn \n-b-an- X-\m-b-Xn-s\-Øp-S - v 2007 Un-kw-_ 2 \v At±lw sa-{xm-\m-bn A-`n-jn- - \m-bn B-K-Ãv 18 \v A -ta-\n-b-bpss _n-j- m-bn \n-b-an-x-\mbn. P-\-X-I-fp-sS kphn-ti-j-h cw- Øn-\p-th- n-bp- Xncp-kw-Lw In-tKm-a-bp-sS hn-c-an- sa-{xm\m-b B - v-_nj- v s{]mømsk dp-kw-_z-sb P- \-X-Ifp-sS kphn-tijh - -c-w-øn-\pth- n-bp- Xn-cp-kw-L-Øn-s sk-{i- -dn-bm-bn ]-cn-ip- -]n-xm-hv \n-b-an p. C- Xph-sc At±lw AtX Xn-cp-kw-L-Øns A-UvPw-Œv sk-{i- -dn-bmbpw s]m- n- ^n an-j skm-ssk- n-i-fp-ss {]- knu mbpw tk-h-\-a-\p-jvtn- n-cp- p (\hw. 9). tim Du\pw s]m- n-^n- Iu knen-s ap sk-{i- -dn tam. spmhm n ]ntbms{x sz txmskmsb P-\-X-Ifp-sS kphn-tij-h- - -c-w-øn-\p-th- nbp- Xn-cp-kw-L-Øn-s A-UvPw-Œv sk- {I- -dn-bmbpw s]m- n-^n- an-j skmssk- n-i-fp-ss {]-kn-u mbpw ]-cn-ip- ]n- -Xm-hv \n-b-an- v B - v-_n-j- ns ÿm- \w \-ev-in s^m-tdm-jym-\-bp-ss ÿm-\ni sa{xm -ÿm\w `-c-ta-ev-]n- p (\-hw. 9). se-pn-t - o-hv ss-iv-ãpiƒ p-th nbp s]m- n-^n- Iu -kn C- -en-bn-se tkm-dm I o-s\m A-Izos\m s]ms tim- -shm-bp-ss hn-c-an- sa- {Xm\m-b B - v-_nj- v ^n-ens m bmt ms\, O.Carm s\ se-pn-t - o-hv ss-iv-ãpiƒ p-th- n-bp s]m- n-^n- Iu -kn-en-s AUv-Pw-Œv sk-{i- -dn-bm-bn ]-cn-ip- -]n-xm-hv \n-b-an- p. CXph-sc At±lw tdm-an-se ssh-kv dosp m-bn-cp- p (\-hw-. 11). Zu-Xym-cw`w dn- -ªn- ns {]-kn-u v lnkv FIvkse kn an-ã ^m-ãn A -t -Pv Xzm-tZ-c-bv- v X-s \nb-a\-]{xw k-a - n p-sim- v K-_m-ebp-sS ÿm\n-i sa- {Xm-t m-eo-øbm-b k- ym-skm sz hn- v Kp-kv-am Pq-sse 21 mw Xob-Xn Xn- - fmgv-n a- y B-{^n- dn- -ªn- n-se A- -kv-txmen-i \p -sjym-bm-bn X-s ZuXyw B-cw-`n- p. dn -ªn- ns {]-kn-u v sl FIvkse kn an- n-kv sim-fn- {K-_m In- X-tdm-hn- n-\v X-s \nb-a\-]{xw k-a - n p-sim- v Aw-t m-w-bp-ss ÿm\n-i sa-{xm-t m-eo-øbm-b Pptks ]n-s m sk-]v- w-_ 11 Xn- -fmgv-n s{im-tbjybnse A- -kv-txmen-i \p -tjym-bmbn X-s ZuXyw B-cw-`n- p. J-Ø-dn-se Aao Bb lnkv ssls\kv Xm-anw l-am-zv A Xm-\n-bv- v X- s \nba\-]{xw k-a - n p-sim- v s\- t ym-bp-ss ÿm\n-i sa-{xmt m-eo- Øbm-b {^m -knkvsim tams -bns mbv v ]m-zn H-tŒm-_ 11 _p-[-\mgv- N J-Ø-dn-se A- -kv-txmen-i \p sjym-bm-bn X-s ZuXyw B-cw-`n p. aym- m bq-wn-b dn- -ªn- n-s {]-knu- v lnkv FIvk-se kn an-ã lnxn Iym-hn-\v X-s \nb-a\-]{xw k-a n psim- v Aam y-bp-ss ÿm\n-i sa-{xmt m-eo-øbm-b t]mƒ XnjmMv C \mw H-tŒm-_ 11 _p-[-\mgv-n aym- m-dn-se A- -kv-txmen-i \p -sjym-bm-bn X-s ZuXyw B-cw-`n- p. I ±n-\mƒ ÿm\w `c-ta p \hw-_ 12 Rmbdm-gvN, amen-bnse _am-simbpss B v_n-j v, I ±n- \mƒ Po sk s_m, hnb XpkvsImem-\-bnse km v'a-t mwnsbm Zm ]- tzm-hbpss ÿm\w `c-ta- p. Ncaw A sp o-\-bnse Dt{I-\n-b m p-th- n-bp km m acnb sz ]t{xm-no- \ntbm F _psh-t\mkv sfsdkv F- m n-bpss hnc-an _nj v B s{ukv k]m-se v, SDB, 97 mw hb- n (\hw. 6) Im\-U-bnse H m-dn-tbm-bn XnΩn kns hnc-an _nj v PmsIzkv em{ nbm v, 96 mw hb- n (\hw. 6) {^m knse am sk-bn-en-s hnc-an B v_nj v I ±n-\mƒ s_ Wm Uv ]m\^yq, 86 mw hb- n (\hw. 12) WEEKLY EDITION In English Unicuique Suum Non Praevalebunt Vatican City, TIPOGRAFIA VATICANA EDITRICE «L OSSERVATORE ROMANO» GIOVANNI MARIA VIAN Editor-in-Chief Giuseppe Fiorentino Assistant Editor Editorial office Via del Pellegrino, Vatican city telphone telefax TIPOGRAFIA VATICANA EDITRICE L OSSERVATORE ROMANO don Sergio Pellini S.D.B. Director General Photo Service www. 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3 ]pkvxiw 10, e w \hw_ 2017 Hs h-tømsc sdmamt\m {]Xn-hm-c-]-Xn v s]m-xp-z -i-\thf-bn am ]m Znhy-_en-sb- p-dn- p hnnn- \w XpS p ssz-h-hp-am-bp- hy n]-c-am-b _ amwv {]m - -\ 3 ""Znhy-_en kpoh-am-b H-cp I- p-ap- -em-wv; -\mw Znhy_en-bn-te- mwv t]mip -Xv H-cp ayq-kn-b-øn-te- v A- '' F v \-hw-_ 15 _p-[-\m-gv-n-sø s]m-xpz -i-\thf-bn {^m -ko-kv am ]m ]d- p. hnip ]-t{xm-kn-s _kn-en- -bpss N-Xz-c-Øn-se-Øn-b hn-izm-kn-i-sf A-`n-kw-t_m-[\ sn-bv-xpsim- v Zn-hy-_-enb - -W-Øn-s a-t\m-lm-cn-x-sb- p-dn- p X-s hnnn- -\-ßfpsS ]-c-º-c At±-lw Xp-S - p.- AXn-t{i-jvT-amb {]m - -\-bm-w-xv: A-Xyp- - Xhpw ]-c-a-]-cn-ip- hpw A-tXk-a-bwXs G hpw kaq Øhpw Bb-Xv. am ]m C- m-en-b `m-j-bn \ Inb {]t_m-[-øn-s hnh Ø\w Nph-sS. {]n-b k-tlm-zcok-tlm-z-c- m-tc, kp-{]`mxw! Znhy-_en-sb- p-dn- p- {]t_m-[-\w \mw XpS-cp- p. Zn-hy-_-enb - -W-Øn-s a-t\m-lm-cn-x hn-i-z-am- p-hm-\m-bn efn- X-amb Hcp Z i\w Ah-X-cn- n- p-sim v XpSßp-hm Rm B{K-ln- p- p. Znhy-_en H-cp {]m - -\-bm-wv. Znhy-_en AXn-hn-in-jvS-amb (par excellence) {]m - -\bmwv. A-Xyp- -Xhpw ]-c-a-]-cn-ip- hpw A-tXk-a-bwXs G hpw kaq - Øhpw Bb-Xv. ssz-h-h-n-\-øn-eq-ssbpw, tbip-hns i-co-c-c- -ßfn-eq-sSbpap kv-t\-lm -{Z-amb H-cp I- pap emw-xv; Znhy-_en Znhy\m-Y-\p-am-bp- H-cp I- p-ap- -em-wv.- F- m B-Zyw \mw H-cp tnm-zy-øn- \v D-Ø-cw I-s -tø- -Xp- v. b-ym - -Øn F- m-wv {]m - -\? H m-a- Xm-bn, A-Xv H-cp kw`m-j-w-am-wv. sszhhp-am-bp- hy- n-]-c-am-b Hcp _- w. Xs {kjv-sm-hp-am-bp- I- p-ap- -en-eqss am-{xw ]q -Æ-am-b km- m-xv- m-cw t\-sm-\m-hp- hn-[w ssz-hhp-am-bn _- - Øn-em-bn-cn- p- Hcp hy- n-bm-bm-wv a- \p-jy kr-jvsn- -s - n-cn- p- -Xv. Znhy\m-Y-\p-am-bp ÿmbn-bmb A`n-ap- Jo-I-c-W-Øn-te p \bn- p- -Xm-Wv Po- hn-x-]m-x.- kv-t\-l-øn-s ]-cn]q -Æ-_- -Øns sf-iy-am-b ]n-xm-hpw ]p-{x-\pw ]-cnip- m-flm-hp-am-b ssz-h-øn-s Om-b-bnepw km-zr-iy-øn-epw kr-jv-sn- -s - -h- \m-wv a-\p-jy F- v D-Xv-]-Øn ]p-kv- XIw {]kvxm-hn- p- p. A-Xn \n- pw, \Ωp-sS k-ø-bp-ss ]q -Æ-X I-s -Øp- -Xn-\m-bn A-hn-cm-a-am-b kz-bwzm-\-øneq-ss-bpw kzo-i-c-w-øn-eq-ss-bpw kv -t\l- Øn-s ]-cn-]q -Æ_- -Øn {]-th-in- p-hm-\m-wv \m-sa- m-h-cpw kr-jv-sn- s - ncn- p Xv F- v a-\- n-em- m-\m-hpw. F-cn-bp- apƒ- -S - n-\pap- n h- v tami ssz-h-øn-s hn-fn kzo-i-cn- ptºmƒ A-h A-hn-Sp-sØ t]-cv A-t\zjn- p. F-ß-s\-bm-Wv ssz-hw {]-Xn-Icn- Xv? ""Rm Rm B-Ip- -h Xs '' (]pd. -3:-14). Cu hm- v AXn-s aq-e-cq- Poh-Im-cp-Wy-{]-h Ø\Øn-\mbn "ewt_m Kn\n' teew snøp p {^m kokv am ]m- -bpss ssisøm- p Hcp sh ewt_m Kn\n lpdm-im RWD Im ASp-Ø tabv amk-øn kqxv_n-bn tee- Øn\p- m-hpw. AXn \n p e`n- p XpI am -]m ]n Xp-W-bv p Poh-Im-cp-Wy-{]- h -Ø\kw-L-S-\-Iƒ pth n D]-tbm-Kn- s -Spw. {]txyiw cq]-i-ev]\ snbvx Cu hml-\w AXns C m-en-b \n Ωm-Xmhv ]cnip ]nxmhn\p kωm-\n Xm-Wv. \hw-_ 15 se s]mxp-z i-\-øn\v sxm p-ap ]v Imkm kmmvsx am Øbv p ]pdøph v \S {lkz-amb NS-ßn-emWv Iº-\n-bpsS D -txm-tzym-k-ÿ hml\w ssiam-dn-b-xv. {^m kokv am ]m, høn- m hntz-i-a-{ m-e-b-øns {]Xn- \n[n B p-_n-j v B sem s_ n-bp-hn-\m A\p-K-X-\m-bn, hml-\-øn Isøm v tcj-s -Sp-Øn. \ns\th Xmgvhcbnte v as-ßnhcp, CdmJn ss{ikvx-h-cpss ]p\-c-[n-hm-k-øn-\p "Zcn-{Z-amb k`-bv p klmbw' F ] Xn KpW-t`m- m- -fn s]spw. a\p-jy- -S-Øn AI-s - p-t]mb kv{xoifpss ]p\-c-[n-hm-k-øn-\p "Imkm ]m m {^ tnkvsim' ] -Xn pth n "tpm Ccp-]-Øn-aq- m-a am ]m- -bpss kaql'øn\pw klmbw e`n- pw. B{^n- -bn {]h Øn- p, Zcn-{Z-tcm-Kn-Iƒ mbn kup\y ikv{x{inb \S-Øp GICAM, kv{xoiƒ pw Ip n-iƒ pw th n {]h Øn- p Aao n sz sk {Xm-{^n (a[ym-{^n- -bpss kplr-øp- ƒ) F o c v C menb kwl-s-\-iƒ pw CXn \n v ] p-e-`n pw. ]-Øn km- n-[y-hpw A-\p-{K-l-hpw {]- I-S-am- p- p. D-S X-s ssz-hw Iq- nt - p- p: ""\n-ß-fp-ss ]n-xm- - m-cpss ssz-h-am-b I -Øm-hv. A-{_m-l-Øns -bpw C-k-lm- n-s -bpw bm-t m-_ns -bpw ssz-hw'' (cf. hmiyw 15). A-Xpt]mse {In-kv-Xp in-jy- msc hn-fn- ptºm-gpw A-h-sc Xt mssmøv B-bn-cn- p-hm-\m-wv hn-fn- -Xv. bym -Øn C-Xm-Wv G- -hpw al-\o-b-amb sszhir]. Znhy-_en, Zn-hy-Im-cp-Wyw, tbip-hnt\mspw A-hn-Sp- n-eq-ss sszh-tøm-spw ktlm-z-cok-tlm-z-c- m-tcm-sp-samøv B- bn-cn- p-hm-\p- [\y-amb- \n-an-j-am-wv F v A-\p-`-hn- p-hm km[y-am-ip \nan-j-am-wv. F- m bym kw`m-j-w-hpw-t]mse, {]m - n- p-i F- m F-ß-s\ \n-»-_v-z-\m-imw F- v ]Tn- -em-wv kw`m-j-w-øn \n-»-_v-z-x-bp-ss \n-anj-߃, \n»-_v-z-x-bn tbip-hn-t\mssm-øm-ip th-f-iƒ BWv. Zn-hy_enbn ]-s -Sp- m t]m-ip-tºmƒ H-cp]- t \mw A- p-an-\n pap-tº F-Øn-bm A-Sp-Øn-cn- p- -h-\p-am-bn Ip-i-e{]-iv-\w \SØp- p. F- m sim- p-h -Ø-am\- Øn-\p k-a-b-a- A-Xv. C-Xv \n-»-_v-z- X-bv- p- k-a-b-am-wv. \-ap- v kw`m-j- W-Øn\v H-cp-ßp-hm-\p- k-a-bw. lr-zb- Øn [ym-\n- p-hm-\p- k-a-b-am-wnxv. tbip-hp-am-bp I- p-ap- -en-\v X-øm-sd- Sp- p-hm-\p- k-a-bw.- \n-»-_v-z-x h-fsc {]-[m-\-s - -Xm-Wv! I-gn- bm-gv-n Rm ]-d- -Xv Hm - p-i: \mw H-cp Iu-Xp-I- Zr-iy-Øn-\ ; t]m-ip- Xv, I -Øm-hp-ambn H-cp I- p-ap- -en-\m-wv. \n-»_v-zx A- Xn-\p \-sω H-cp- p- p. tbip-hp-ambn \n-»-_v-z-x-bn Ipd- p-k-abw C-cn- phm \sω klm-bn- p- p. ssz-h-øns Cu \n-kq-v \n-»_vzx-bn \n- pw A-hn-Sp-sØ h-n-\w D-b-cp- p. \-Ωp-sS lr-z-b-øn {]-Xn-[z-\n- p- p.- ]n-xm-hpam-bn F-ß-s\ H- m-bn-cn- m-sa- v tbip \-sω ]Tn- n- p- p. X-s {]m - -\-bneq-ssbm-wv A-hn-Sp- v A-Xv sn-øp- -Xv. G-Im- -am-b ÿ-e-ß-fn-te- v {]m - - \-bv m-bn t]m-ip- tbip-hns\ kp-hnti-jw \ap v Im-Wn- px-cp- p. ssz-hhp-am-bp- A-hn-Sp-sØ B-g-am-b _ w I- in-jy- m - v A-Xn ]- m-fn-i-fm- Ip-hm-\p- A`n-emjw D- m-hp- p. A- h At]- n- p p: ""I Ømth, R- ß-sf {]m - n- p-hm ]Tn- n- -W-ta'' (eq m 11:-1). s]m-xpz -i-\thf-bpss Xp- S- -Øn-se H mw hm-b-\-bn \mw AXv {ihn- p. tbip-hns D-Ø-cw A-\p-k-cn- v {]m - n- p-hm\p H- m-a-sø B- h-iyw, Ahn-SpsØ "]n-xm-th' F- v hnfn- p-hm Ignbem-Wv. \-ap- p {i- n- mw: F-\n- v "]n-xm-th' F- v hn-fn- phm Ign-bp ns n F-\n- v {]m - n- p-hm-\m-in-. ]n-xm-th F- v hn-fn- p-hm \-ap- m-i-ww. A-Xm-b-Xv ]p-{x\- Sp-Ø i-c-w-tøm-ss A-hn-Sp-sØ k- n- [n-bn B-bn-cn- m-\m-hp-i. ]Tn- -W-sa- n \mw ]Tn- n- -s -S-Ww F- v F-fna-tbm-sS Xn-cn- -dn-bp-i-bpw ""I -Øm-th, F-s {]m - n- p-hm ]Tn- n- -Wta'' F- v ]-d-bp-i-bpw th-ww.- H- m-a-sø kwkxn C- Xm-Wv: ""hn-\ox-cm-hp-i.'' inip fm-bn \-sω Aw-Ko-Icn- p-i. ]n-xm-hn B{i-bn- p-i, i-c-w-s -Sp-I. kz - K-cm-Py-Øn {]-th-in- phm in-ip- -sf-t m-se sn-dn-b-h-cm-i-ww. in-ip- ƒ- p i-cw-s -Sm-\-dnbmw. X-߃ F- p `- n- pw, F p [-cn- pw F-s m-s B- sc- n-epw t\m- pw F- -dn-bmw (cf. aøm. 6:-25 32). H- m-a-sø Z -i-\w C- Xm-Wv: i-c-w-hpw hn-izm-k-hpw; H-cp Ip- n-\v am-xm-]n-xm- -tfm-ss- t]msebp- Xv. ssz-hw \n-ß-sf, F-s, F- m-hsc-bpw Hm -Ωn- p- p, {i n- p- p. c- m-a-sø D-]m-[n-bpw, i-cn- pw inip- -fm-hp-i F- m hnkva-bn- n- -s - Sp-hm \-sω hn- p-sim-sp- p-ibpw snøpi F- Xm-Wv. H-cp Ip- v B-bn-c- - W- n-\v tnm-zy-߃ tnm-zn- pw, Fs - m Ah\v tem-i-sø I-s -Ø-Ww; F- mw Ah\v ]p-xn-b-h B-b-XpsIm v sn-dn-b Im-cy-ß-fn t m-epw A-h hnkv-a-bn- pw. kz -K-cm-Py-Øn {]-th-in- p-hm \mw A pxs -Sp-hm X-ømdm- I-Ww. I -Øm-hp-am-bp- \-Ωp-sS _ - Øn, {]m - -\-bn Rm tnm-zn- p- p hnkva-bn- n- -s -Sp-hm \mw kzbw hn- p-sim-sp- p- p-t m A-tXm {]m - \ F- m XØ ]-d-bp- -Xp-t]m-ep- Bh Ø-\-am-sW p I-cp-Xp-I-bmtWm? I -Øm-hp-am-bp- I- p-ap- Pohn- p- I- p-ap- B-Wv.- ayq-kn-b- Øn-se Z i-\-a-. Po-hn- p- I- p-ap-. \mw Znhy-_-en-bn ]s -Sp- phm- \mwv t]m-ip- -Xv. ayqkn-b-øn-te- v A. \mw Po-hn- p- I -Øm-hp-am-bn H-cp I- p-ap- en-\m-wv t]m-ip- Xv.- kp-hn-ti-jw H-cp \n-t m-tz-aq-kn-s\- p-dn- p ]-d-bp- p (tbm-l.- 3:1 21). Hcp ap-xn - a-\p-jy ; C-{km-tb - m-cn H-cp {]-am-wn. tbip-hns\ p-dn- v Adnbp-hm A-h tbip-hns\ Im-Wp-hm t]m-ip- p. tbip A-h-t\m-Sv ""ho- pw P-\n-t - -Xn-s '' B-h-iy-I-X-sb- p-dn- v ]-d-bp- p (cf. hmiyw -3). F- m-wv C- Xn-s A - w? H-cmƒ- v "ho pw P-\n- p-hm\mip-tam?' C-{X-tb-sd Zp-c- -߃- pap- n-epw D- m-l-øn-te- v, B\-μ- Øn-te- v, Po-hnX-Øn-s A- p-x-ønte- v a-s-ßm-\m-ip-tam? \-Ωp-sS hn-izmk-øn-s H-cp au-en-itnm-zy-am-wnxv. Hmtcm b-ym - hn-izm-kn-bp-ss-bpw Zm-lam-Wn-Xv. ho- pw P-\n- p-hm-\p- Zm-lw. ]p-xp-xm-bn Xp-S-ßp- -Xn-s B\-μw; \ap- v Cu Zm-l-ap-t m? I -Ømhp-ambn I- pap- m F-t m-gpw ]p-xp-xm-bn P\n- p-hm \mw Hm-tcm-cp-Ø-cpw B-{Kln- p- p-t m? \n-߃- v Cu tam-lw D-t m? \-ap- p- \n-c-h-[n-bm-b {]h - Ø-\-߃aq-ew, \-S- m- p-hm-\p- ] - Xn-Ifp-sS _m-lp-eywaq-ew, H-cmƒ- v hfsc F-fp- -Øn \-jv-s-s -Sm-hp- H m- Wn-Xv. A-h-km-\w \-ap- v k-a-bw C- m- Xm-Ip- p. -au-en-i-am-bxv, A-Xm-bXv \- Ωp-sS lr-z-b-øn-s, \-Ωp-sS B-flobPo-hn-X-Øn-s B- -cn-ipo-hn-xønt - Xm-b, -{]m - -\-bn I -Øm-hp-am-bn I- p-ap- p- \-Ωp-sS Po-hn-Xw \ap v Im- Wm-\m-hm-sX h-cp- p. \-Ωp-sS _-e-lo\mh-ÿ-bnepw \- sω kv-t\-ln- p- p F- v Im-Wn- p-sim- v hm-kv-x-h-øn I -Øm-hv \-sω hnkv-a-bn- n- p- p. ""tb-ip{in-kv-xp \-Ωp-sS ]m-]-߃- p ]-cn-lm-c_-en-bm-wv; \ΩpsS am-{x-a- tem-iw apgp-h-s bpw ]m-]- ߃- v'' (1 tbm-l. -2:-2). Cu kωm-\w, b-ym - km- z-\-øn-s t{km-x- v -I Øm-hv F-t m-gpw \ap v am p-\ - Ip p F Xv A-Xm-Wv km- z\n- n- p- -Xv, A-Xm-Wv b-ym - km- z-\w. -a- W-hm-f \-Ωp-sS _-e-lo-\-x-bp-am-bn I- p-ap- p- hn-hm-l-hn-cp- m-b Zn-hy_- enbneq-ss \-ap- v \ -I-s -Sp- Zm-\w C-Xm-Wv. Znhy-ImcpWyw kzo-i-cn- ptºmƒ I -Øm-hv F-s _e-lo-\-x-bpam-bn I- p-ap- p- p F v F-\n- p ]-dbm-\m-hp-tam? km-[n- pw. Fs - m, A-Xm-Wv k-xyw. Znhy\m-Y \-Ωp-sS _- e-lo-\-x-bp-am-bn I p-ap- p- -Xv \-sω \-Ωp-sS B-Zyhn-fn-bn-te- v \-bn- p-hm- \m-wv. A-Xm-Wv Znhy-_en-bpsS \nan-j߃. A-Xm-Wv {]m - -\. {]-txy-i A`n-h-μ-\-߃ C- -sø s]m-xpz -i-\thf-bn ]s Sp- p Cw- o-jv `m-j kw-km-cn- p- F- m-h - pw F-s A-`nhμ\- ߃; {]-txy-in- v, Cw- - v, su- m - v, s\-x em vkv, ^n-en-ss -kv, tlmmvtimwkv, bp.f-kv.-f. F o cmpy-ß-fn - \n- pw F-Øn-b-h - v. \n-߃- pw \nß-fp-ss Ip-Spw-_mw-K-߃- pw \-Ωp-sS tbip-{in-kvxp-hns kam-[m-\-hpw B\- μhpw D- m-h-s F- v Rm B-iw-kn- p- p.- bp-hp\ß-sf-bpw tcm-kn-i-sf-bpw \h- Z-º-Xn-I-sf-bpw Rm {]-txy-iw Hm -Ωn- p- p. sa-{xm-\pw Xncpk-`-bp-sS th-z]mcw-k-x-\p-am-b a-lm-\m-b hnip B - _ - n-s A-\p-kv-a-c-Ww \mw C v B- tlm-jn- p- p. {]n-b bp-hp\-ß-tf, \nßfp-ss F- m {]-hrøn-i-fn-epw A-hn-SpsØ Xo- vw-am-bn tx-sn-s m- v sszh-hp-am-bp- \n-ß-fp-ss kwhmzw h - n- n- p-i. {]n-b tcmkn-i-tf, F- m kv-{xo- ]p-cp-j- m-cp-ss-bpw Po-hnX-ß-sf {]-Imin- n- p- \-Ωp-sS I -Øm-hv tbip-{inkvxp-hns Ip-cn-in-s c-l-ky-sø- pdn p [ym-\-øn \n-߃- v km- z-\w e-`n- -s. {]n-b- \h-z-º-xn-i-tf, {In-kv-Xp-hp-am-bn D-d- Hcp _- w Im- Øpkq- n- p-hm b-xv-\n- p-i. A-Xneq-sS \n-ß-fp-ss kv-t\-lw ssz-h-øn-s h-en-b {]-Xn-^-e-\-am-Is.-

4 4 {]Xn-hm-c-]-Xn v Hs h-tømsc sdmamt\m ]pkvxiw 10, e w \hw_ 2017 a skbnse "hnc-an ' B p_n-j v I ±n\mƒ s_ Wm Uv ]m\^yq Znhw-K-X-\mbn a sk-bnse hnc-an B p-_n-j v I ±n\mƒ s_ Wm Uv ]m\^yq \hw_ 12 RmbdmgvN sship-t cw \ncym-x-\mbn. At±-l-Øn\v 86 hb- p- m-bn-cp- p. I ±n\mfns Nca-hm Ø Adn- bps {^m kokv am ]m a sk-bnse B p-_n-j v tpm v t]m n-tb-dn\v Hcp sse{kmw ktμ-i-a-b- p. ]tc-x\mb I ±n-\mfns Hcp {lkz-po-h-n-cn-{xhpw, {^m kokv am ]m Ab sse{kmw ktμ-i-øns hnh Ø-\hpw Nph-sS. I ±n\mƒ s_ Wm Uv ]m\^yq 1931 P\p-hcn 26 \v {^m knse jms -s tdm-bn P\n- p. B _n, C n- -sekv aufn\yq F o tap skan-\m-cn-ifn ]T\w \SØn. B _n AXn-cq-]-X- p-th n 1956 G{]n 22 \v Ct±-lsØ sshzn-i- \mbn A`n-tjIw snbvxp. amk-ta- nse sk v tkhy sszhm-e-b-øn hnimcnbmbpw B _n-bnse em s]dqkv kviqfnepw bqwn-th-gvkn n CS-h-I-bnepw Nmπ Bbpw tkh-\-a-\p-jvtn- p. Spfq-knse hnzym n-i-fpss Nmπ Bbpw {_n m- nse ]mcnjv Uo Bbpw B _n-bpss s{]kv_n- -d Iu knens P\-d sk{i- -dn-bmbpw At±lw tkh-\w A\p-jvTn- n- p- v. ]m\-^yq-hns\ 1974 G{]n 18 \v Xn_n-en-kns ÿm\ni sa{xm\mbpw Bs -kn-bpss klm-b-sa-{xm-\mbpw \nb-an- p. B h jw Pq 9 \v At±lw sa{xm-\mbn A`n-jn- -\mbn. \meph jw Ign- v, 1978 \hw-_ 30 \v At±-lsØ "FbvIvkn-'bpsS B p-_nj- mbn \nb-an- p BKÃv 24 \v a sk-bnse ]n- p-s m-h-im-i-ap klm-b-sa-{xm Bbn \nb-anx\mbn G{]n 22 \v I ±n-\mƒ tdm_ v- -tpm-k^v tim^nbpss ]n Km-an-bmb B p-_n-j- m-bn. Ipd- p-am-k-߃ p-tijw Xs ap - Km-an-bpsS arx-kw-kvim-c-n-s-ßn apjy- Im Ωn-I-\m-bn-cns ]pxnb B p-_nj v C{]-Imcw ]d p: ""hn-izm-k-øns t`mj-øamwv \sω-s m v tbiphns, F m-h-cp-ssbpw ]nxm-hmb sszh-øns Xncp- p-amcs, ]p\-cp- m-\- Øn hniz-kn- n p- -Xv. hnizm-k-øns t`mjøamwv \ΩpsS ]p\-cp- m\- Øn-ep hnizm-khpw \ap p \ Ip- knã setbm-s\ m kvtkm _Øn -Xv.'' a sk-bn {]tz-i-øns ]pcmx- \-amb ss{i-kvxh th-cp-i-fpss {]m[m- \y-øn\v Du sim-sp-øp-sim v bym -Øn P\-ß-fpsS lrz-bsø kv] -in- p Hcp \h kphn-ti-j-h-xvic-w-øns ASn-b- -cm-h-iysø p-dn v At±lw i -amb `m-j-bn FSp-Øp- ]-d- p. a sk-bn-ens ]pcm-x\ ss{ikvx-hhn-izm-k-sø At±-lw hnh-cn- Xv Cß-s\-bmWv: ""hn-ip- sc hw-ßn-s m- v sszh-p\w B hnizmkw Hcm-tLmj-am- n.'' 2002 Un-kw-_ 8 \v a skbn Hcp sat{sm-t]m-fn- cq]-x-bmbn Db Ø-s - -t mƒ At±lw AhnsS sat{smt]mfn B p-_n-j- m-bn apx 1986 hsc s] a-s\ v Iu -kn Hm^v Z {^ v _nj vkv tim -^-d kn HcwKw; anj Hm^v {^m -kns IΩn- n-bnse HcwKw; 1986 apx 1992 hsc kviqfp-i-sfbpw bqwnth-gvkn- n-i-sfbpw kw_- n F n-kvtim- IΩo-js \mb-i XpS-ßnb hnhn[ ÿm\-߃ At±lw hln- n- p- v. AP-]m-e-\-{]h Ø-\-ß-fn At±l-Øn\p khn-ti-j-amb XmXv]cyw D m-bn-cp- p. FIyq-sa-\n- cwkøv ]m\^yq {]- txy-in pw I Ω-\n-c-X-\m-bn-cp p; A-Xpt]mseXs, axm- ckwhm-z-øn-epw. ax-߃ XΩn-ep _ -߃, ax-]-camb ]pxnb {]h-w-x-iƒ XpS-ßnbh kw_- n F n-kvtim- IΩo-js {]kn-u v F \nebv v {^m knse ap o-w km n- yw kw_- n hnj-b-øn At±lw {]txyi {i snepøn. {^ v C I s^-j-w F-Iyqsa-\n- IΩn- n-tbm-ssmøv sfiy-øns bpw kwhm-z-øn-s bpw Hc- -co w krjvsn- m At±lw {ian- p. IqSp-X hnip- -cpss \ma-i-c-w-øn-\p-th- n-bp Xncp-kwLw Un{In-IfpsS hn m-]\w \hw_ 8 _p[\mgvn, ]cn-ip ]nxm-hv, hnip- -cpss \ma-i-c-w-øn-\pth- n-bp Xncp-kw-L-Øns {]os^ivsv I -±n-\mƒ Bs tem AamsØm, SDB sb IqSn- m-gvn-bv- mbn kzo-i-cn- p. {]kv-xpx IqSn- m-gvn-bn Xmsg-s m-sp-øn-cn- p Un{In-Iƒ hn m-]\w sn-øm am -]m {]os^-ivsns\ A[n-Imc-s -SpØn. cq]xmsshzni\mbncp sszh-zm-k Pmt\mkv s{_ædns c - km- nxzw. At±lw tkmws_-tøenbn 1931 Unkw_ 27 \v P\n- p; 1957 Un-kw_ 15 \v lw-kdnbnse d_msi-sø-enbn h v hnizm-khntcm[-øns t]cn h[n- -s - p; - "C Ãn yq v Hm^v Zn sim - skm- -te- m anjwdn kntãgvkv' k-\ymk-kaql-øn AwKambn \nxy{h-xhmkvzm\w \SØnb sszhzmkn setbms\ m kv-tkm -_Øn(]q -Δ\maw: tdmkm)bpss c -km- nxzw. Ah 1940 Unkw-_ 9 \v C en-bnse sd ms\s m Zn Kt mf-bn P\n p; 2006 sk]vxw-_ 17 \v tkmam-en-bmbnse ak-zo-jp-hn h v hnizm-k-hn-tcm- [-Øns t]cn h[n- -s - p; hmgvø-s s_ Wm Uv Hm^v _mus (]q Δ-\maw: am Iznkv Hm^v _mu ) hotcm-nn-x]pwy-߃; Ct±-lw 1429 t\m-s-spøv P Ω-\n-bnse Im-kn Hm^v tlml _mu-\n P\n p; C -en-bnse "tam Ien-tbdn'- bn h v 1458 Pqsse 15 \v Znhw-K-X- \mbn; [\y\mb tpm t]mƒ H ma am ]m- -bpss (A _ot\m eq nbm-\n-bp-ss) hotcm-nn-x-]p-wy-߃. Ct±-lw C -en-bnse s^m -twm- Un I\m-te-bn (Ct mƒ I\m-te Zv'AtKm -tu) 1912 HIvtSm-_ 17 \v P\n- p; høn- m kn n-bnse A kvtxm-eniv ]me-kn h- v 1978 sk]v w- _ 28 \v Znhw-K-X-\mbn; sszh-zm-k-\mb s{k-tkm-dntbm ^ntbm-c-hm- n-bpss (]q h-\maw- -setum-hn-t m) hotcm-nn-x-]p-wy-߃. At±lw s{^-tbgvkv ssa\ k-\ymk-k-aq-l-øn \nxy-{h-x-hm-kvzm\w \S-Ønb sshzn-i-\pw "{^m -kn-kv-i anj-\dn kntãgvkv Hm^v Z tk{iuv lm v' F k-\ym-kk-aq-l-øns ÿm-]-i\pw Bbn-cp p. C en-bnse t{km-t m Zn Im-kvt{Xmbn 1822 G{]n 24 \v P\n- p; C -en-bnse sptam-\-bn h v 1894 P\p-hcn 23 \v Znhw-K-X-\mbn; a sk-bnse hnc-an B p-_nj- v I ±n\mƒ s_ Wm Uv ]\m^yq-hns Nc-a-hm Ø Adn Rm ZpxJn- p- p. Fs G hpw lrz-bw-k-a-amb A\ptim-N-\-߃ Atß-bv pw At±-l- Øns IpSpw-_-Øn\pw At±-l-Øns ap cq-]-x-bnse hnizm-kn-iƒ pw t\ms{xzmw Un hobnse kaq-l-øn\pw Adnbn- p p. Ign G-Xm-\pw h j-ambn At±-l-hp-ambn ASp-Ø -_ w ]pe - Øn-bn-cp- -h-cmwv Cu kaq-l-ønse AwK-߃. ]tcx-s\ Xs kam-[m-\- Øn-te pw {]Imi-Øn-te pw kzmkxw snø-wta F v F m Imcp-Wy-Øns bpw ]nxm-hn-t\msv Rm At]- n- p- p. At±lw ]Iz-a-Xn-bmb Hcp AP- ]m-e-i-\m-bn-cp- p. sszh-øns \ bpw kvt\lhpw Xs G ]n- n-cp hnizmkn-i-fpss kaq-l-øn\p t_m[y-am- ns m-sp-øp. BZyw At -kn-bn klmb-sa-{xm-\m-bn-cp p; ]n osv FbvIvkv F t{]mhn -kn B p-_n-j- m-bn-cp- p. Ah-km\w a skbnepw. Xs cq]-xbnse P\-ß-fpsS Zmcn-{Zy-Øn At±-lw {i snep-øn. Xs cq]-x-bnse P\- ß-fpsS sshhn[yw At±lw Xncn- dn p. hnhn[ kwkvim-cßfn \n- p- -hcpw hyxykvx ax-ß-fn hn-iz-kn- p- -hcpw kwhm-z-øn G s -Sp- - sszh-zm-k-\mb txmamkv samdmsekv t]sc-kns hotcm-nn-x- ]p- Wy-߃. At±lw Cutimk-`-bn \nxy-{h-x-hm-kvzm\w \S-Ønb sshzn- I\pw {Iqkm-tZm-kv, {Iqkm-Zmkv sz km acnb F o skiyp-e C Ãn- yq- p-i-fpss ÿm]-i\pw Bbn-cp p; sh\n-tkz-e-bnse a qsømbn 1908 HIvtSm-_ 30 \v P\n p; kvs]bn-\nse B -Iem sz sl\m-sd-kn h v 1994 HIvtSm-_ 1 \v Znhw-K-X-\mbn; sszh-zm-k-\mb am sn- ot\m Zm Im{]-tZm-t m-bpss (]q h-\maw- spm-hm n amshm-temwn) hotcm-nn- X-]p-Wy-߃. {^tbgvkv ssa\ I q- n k-\ymk-k-aq-løn \nxy-{h-xhm-kvzm\w \S-Ønb At±lw 1873 sk]vxw-_ 22 \v C -en-bnse hn m hn m kw_qt m Zn IkvtX Zn eoa-bn P\n- p; 1909 s^-{_p-hcn 26 \v C -en-bnse t^ sam-bn h v Znhw-K- X-\mbn; sszh-zmkn sxtckm ^m -su- m sz ªm n-bpss hotcm-nnx ]pwy߃. hn[-hbpw C Ãn- yq v Hm^v Z ]p-h tumt gvkv Hm^v Z {Iu Uv th -Pn F k\ym-k-k-aq-l-øns ÿm-]-i. Ah 1867 sabv 24 \v bp.fkv.-f-bnse \yqtbm - n P\n- p; C - en-bn-se {X m-\n-bn h v 1957 BKÃv 26 \p Znhw-K-X-bmbn. Xn\v At±lw {it -b-amb kw`m-h\ \ In. Aßs\ F m-hcpw kam-[m-\- ]-c-amb kl-h Øn-Xz-Øn Ign-bm kml-ncyw Hcp- n. kamizm-k-øns AS-bm-f-am-bn, A`n-hμy ]nxm-th, Rm Atßbv pw Aß-bpsS klm-b-sa- {Xm\pw Fs A -kvtxm-eni Bio - hmzw \ Ip- p. ]tc-x-\mb I ±n-\mfns IpSpw-_-Øn\pw _ p- ƒ pw At±-l-Øns ap cq-]-x-bnse hnizm-kn- Iƒ pw At±-l-Øns arxkw-kvim-chp-ambn _ -s XncpI Ω-ß-fn ]s -Sp- p F m-h pw Fs B- io hm-zw t\-cp p. {^m kokv am ]m hnim-e-amb Ah-t_m-[-Øn\pw ]c-kv]- c-iq- m-bva-bv p-ambn At±lw B-lzm\w snbvxp. IpSn-tb- - msc kw_- n hnjbw At±lw F pw khn-ti-jamb klm-\p-`q-xn-tbmss ssiim-cyw snbvxp. ]ckvt\l{]hr-øn-i-fn hym- ]r-x-cm-ip ItØm-en m kwl-s\- Iƒ Cu hnj-b-øn {]txy-i-ambn XmXv]-cy-sa-Sp- m Ahsb t{]cn- n- p- -Xn\p ITn-\-ambn {ian- p. IpSn-tb- - msc ] n-a-bq-tdm-]y kaq-l-ønse bym Zcn-{Z-cmbn kzmkxw sn-øp- p F v Dd- p-h-cp-øm At±lw bxv-\n- p. ""DØc B{^n- -bn \n pw k-lmdbv p sx p cmpy-ß-fn \n pw ]ns Ing- bqtdm- n \n pw a y- ]q h-tz-i-øp-\n pw hcp Ch ] nabq-tdm-]y kaq-l-ønse bym Zcn- {Z BWv'' F v At±lw ]d- p. kwhm-z-øn At±lw {]txyiw {i snep-øn-bn-cp- p. "sk{i-t -dn-b v t^m dneo-pnbkv dnte-j kv hnøv C m-'ans {]kn-u v F \nebv- pw F n-kvtim- IΩo-j t^m Z bq- Wn-th-gvk anj Hm^v Z N ns ' AwK-sa \nebv pw \S-Ønb {]h - Ø-\-ß-fn kwhm-z-øn-ep khn-tij-amb XmXv]cyw {]I-S-am-bn-cp- p. A`njn- -cmb ip{iq-j-i p-th- n-bp sa{xm k-an-xn-bnepw AwK-am-bn-cp- p. tdm-a Iqcn-b-bn \oxn pw kam-[m\- Øn-\pwth n-bp s]m n-^n- Iu -knenepw axm- -c-kw-hm-z-øn-\pth- n-bp s]m n-^n- Iu knenepw AwK-ambn tkh\w A\p-jvTn p. {^m kn hnzym-`ym-khpw kmwkv- Im-cnI hnzym-`ym-khpw kw_- n p \S hmz-{]-xn-hm-z-øn Hcp \mb-i\mbn-cp p ]m\-^yq. ap ow temi-hp-ambn Xpd-, {]Xn-tbm-Knsb a\- n-em- n ]n p-w- kwhm-z-øns Hcp ap- Wn \mb-i-\m-bn-cp p Ct±-lw. Zmcn-{Zy-Øn - \n pw bp -Øn \n pw c -s -Sm-\mbn IpSn-tb- - m-cm-b-h p-th n At±lw hmzn- p. Ahsc Xma-kw-hn\m kzm- KXw snøww F m-bncp- p At±-l- Øns hmzw. kaq-l-øn-\v At±lw \ Inb kw`m-h-\-iƒ km -h-{xn-i-ambn AwKo-I-cn- -s - p. CXv A-t±-l-Øn\p "a sk-bn A m-zan Hm^v kb -skkv, en -td- B v B -Svkns ' Aw- KXzw 1996 G{]n-en- t\sn-s m-sp-øp BKÃv 28 mw XobXn {^ p dn - ªn- nse G hpw D -X-amb _lp-axn "Iam U Hm^v Z eopnb Hm^v Hm- W,' At±-l-Øn\p \ I-s - p. tpm t]mƒ c m-a am ]m 2003 HIvtSm-_ 21 se I kn-ã-dn-bn h v Ct±-lsØ I ±n\mfm-bn Db Øn. {]Jym-]-\hpw \S-Øn. "km s{k-tkmdn-tbm _m _doskm At t{xs^m- ms\ sszhm-e-b-øns ÿm\n-i-]-zhnbpw \ In. s_\-univsv ]Xn-\m-dm-as\ sxcs -SpØ 2005 G{]n amksø tim t -hn I ±n\mƒ ]m\^yq ]- s -Sp-Øp sabv 12 \v I ±n\mƒ ]m\^yq a skbn B p-_n-j v ÿm\w cmpnh- p. \hw-_ 17 sh n-bmgvn D -Ign v 3 awn v a sk-bn IØo-{Uen At±-l-Øns arx-kw-kvimc ip- {iq-j-iƒ \S-Øn.

5 ]pkvxiw 10, e w \hw_ 2017 Hs h-tømsc sdmamt\m {]Xn-hm-c-]-Xn v "kvt\l-øns B\μ'sØ p-dn- p Hcp N m-k-tω-f-\-øn ]s -SpØ-h p hountbm ktμiw hy n-hm-z-øn-\p adpacp- mwv IpSpw_w 5 ""Ft mgpw BZ-cn- -s -ts a\ m n-bpss kap- -X-XzsØ hy n p am{xam-bp-, Ah As - n Ahƒ A\p-`-hn- p _ -ßsf kw_ n kzbw-`-c-wm-h-im-i-ambn'' \mw sx n- -cn- -cpxv. \hw-_ 11 i\nbmgvn tdman h p \S-, "kvt\l-øns B\μ'sa A -kvtxm-eni Blzm-\-sØ- p-dn- p (Apostolic Exhortation ""Amoris Laetitia'') aq m-axv A t±-iob N m-k-tω-f-\-øn ]s -Sp-Ø-h v Ab Hcp hountbm ktμi-øn {^m kokv am ]m Cu A]-I-S-km-[y-X-sb- p-dn v ap dnbn p \ In. IpSpw-_-ß-fpsS AP-]m-e-\-I-cp-X-en-\pth nbp C menb sa{xm k-an-xn-bpss Imcym-e-b-amWv {]kvxpx ]cn-]msn kwl-sn- n- -Xv. C menb `mj-bn- ]cn-ip ]nxm-hv \ Inb ]cm-a i-\-ß-fpss ]cn`mj Nph-sS. {]nb ktlm-z-cok-tlm-z-c- m-tc, kp{]`mxw! IpSpw_ß-fpsS AP-]m-e\ Icp-X-en-\pth nbp C m-en-b sa{xm k-an-xnbpss Imcym-ebw hnfn- p-tn Ø, "kvt\- l-øns B\μ'sa A -kv-txmeni Blzm\sØ pdn- p aq m-axv A- t±-iob N - m-k-tω-f-\-øn ]s - sdmams\m Kz Zo\n Sp- p \nß-sf- m-h-scbpw Rm B- flm -ambn A`n-h-μ\w snøp- p. \n߃ Xnc-s -SpØ ""kvt\l-øns kphn-ti-jw, a\- m- n-bp-ss-bpw \nb-a-øn-s bpw CS-bn '' F {]tab-øn\v henb {]k- n-bp- v. C -en-bnse k`-iƒ bm{x-sn-øp ]mxsb Zo]v- X-am- m AXn\p Ign-bpw. bph-xe-apd- I-fpsS lrz-b-ß-fn DZn- p "Ip-Spw_- Øn-\p-th- n-bp B{Kl'sØ kw_- n {]Xyp-Ø-cw- Iq-Sn-bm-W-Xv. ]pcpj\pw kv{xo-bpw XΩn-ep kvt\-lw kv]jvs-ambn G hpw krjvsn-]-c-amb am\p-jn-im-\p-`-h-ß-fn H mwv; "t\ - mgvn'bp-ss kwkvim-c-øns ]pfn-amhm-w-xv. C sø temi-øn-te v klhm-k-ioeøns \ho-\-xsb AXv Ah- X-cn- n- p- p. Xo bmbpw, ""IpSpw-_- Øns t aw temi-øn-s -bpw Xncpk`-bp-sSbpw `mhnsb kw_- n v \n -Æm-b-I-am-Wv.'' 1 hnhm-l-øn -\n p P\n- p IpSpw_w ^e-zm-b-i-amb _- -߃ Df-hm- p- p. A\n-b-{ nx-amb hy n-hm-z-øn-\p G hpw ^e-{]-zamb adp-a-cp- m-wxv; F n-epw, Zm-º-Xykvt\-l-Øn-s bpw IpSpw-_-Po-hn-X-Øns bpw ]mx-bn B -h-tøm-sp-iqsn hnj-a-i-c-amb Xocp-am-\-߃ FSp-t Ah-ÿ-Iƒ Db p-h-cp- p. Nne-t mƒ, Km lni bmym - yønep sshcp- y-߃ Hmtcm hy- n-bp-ssbpw `mk- Øp hnth-i]q Æ-amb a\- m- ntbm-sp-iqsn A`n-kw-t_m-[\ sntø- - Xm-Wv. Zº-Xn-I-sf, amxm-]nxm- - msc, X\nsb hnsm-sx Pohn-X-bm-Ym y- Øn kphn-tijw {]tbm-kn- m-\p Ah-cpsS ]cn-{i-a-øn Ah-tcm-sSm-Ømbn-cn-t - Xv kp{]-[m\-am-ip- p. adphi-øv, ""a\- m- n-iƒ cq]o-i-cn- m- \mwv, Ahbv p ]I-cw-h-bv m-\ \mw hnfn- -s - n-cn- p- Xv'' 2 F \ Aht_m[w \ap- p- v. Ft mgpw BZ-cn- -s -ts a-\ m- n-bpss kap- -X-Xz-sØ, A-h As n Ahƒ A\p-`-hn- p _ - ߃ kw_- n-, hy n-bpts-xpam{xamb kzbw-`-c-wm-h-im-i-ambn sx n- cn- pi F A]-I-S-km yx ka-imeni temi-øn-\p- v. Poh-\p-th- n-bp s]m n-^n- A m-z-an-tbmsv Rm CubnsS ]d- - Xp-t]m-se, ""Hcp egolatry sb pdn- v, Hcp Bflm-cm-[-\-sb- p-dn- p-t]mepw, Nne kwkm-cn- n- p- v. Bflm-cm-[-\-bpsS AƒØmc-bn F mw, G hpw A`n-Imay-amb am\p-jn-i- hn-im-c-߃t]m-epw _eni-gn -s -Sp- p. Cu kao-]\w \ncp- ]-{Zh-amb H n \n v Gsd AI-se-bm- Wv. Fs - m, Xß-fn \n p ]dn- pam n AIse a p- -h-cn-te pw hnime temi-øn-te pw Zr-jvSn-Iƒ Xncn- m km[n- mø L w-hsc \nc- -cw Z - W-Øn-te p t\m- m AXv P\ßsf DtØ-Pn- n- p- p. Cu kao-]\-øns hym]-\-øn\v Pohn-X-Øn-se F m hnimc-øn-s bpw _ -Øn-s -bpw-ta AXoh Kpcp-X-c-amb ^e-߃ D v.'' 3 hymp hymtam-l-߃ Dfhm- n-s m- v, Bflm sf {Zhn- n- p-ibpw a\- p- Isf Ipg -Øn-em- p-ibpw snøp Hcp-Xcw ""aen-\o-i-cw''amwn-xv. sdmams\m Kz Zo-\n, a\- m- nsb kw_- n- p At±-l-Øn-s Hcp {K- Ÿ-Øn, bym \ - tx-sm-\p am Kw Nq n- m-wn- p- p. At±lw C{]-Imcw Fgp-Xp- p: ""Fs D n Øs -bp Cu XS-hdbn \n- v Rm tamnn-x-\m-ip- -Xv, Fs Alw-t_m[- a- m-øxpw Fs - mƒ D -X-hp-amb Hcp Imcy-sØ, Fs D n {]h Øn- p- Xpw kpzr-v-hp-amb H n-s\, Rm Is -Øp- p-sh- n am{x-am-wv. ChnsS \mw Imcy-Øns AI- m- ºn,... AXm-bXv ax-]-c-amb bm-ym - y-øn FØn-t cp p. \...-k-pohamb H m-wv... AXv tbmky-x-bpss ]q - Æ-X-bm-Ip- p. Pohn- p- -h Xs -bmb sszh-øns kz -am-w-xv.'' 4 Znhy-c-lkyw kzbw shfn-s -Sp-Øp- Xpw hy nsb Ahs As - n Ah-fpsS Ncn-{X-Ønse \mb-i /\mbni B n-s m v B hy nsb {]- Im-in- n- p- -Xp-amb HcnSw \ΩpsS lrz-b-ß-fn Hmtcm- nepw ÿnxn-snøp- p. c mw høn- m Iu kn C{]-Imcw \sω A\p-kva-cn- n- p- p: a\ m n ""a\p-jys AXoh \nkq-vamb AI- mºpw kt -X-hp-am-Wv. AhnsS Ah sszh-tøm-ssm-øv X\n- mwv. Ahn-SpsØ i_vzw Ahs Bg-ß-fn apg-ßp- p.'' 5 Zmº-Xy-kvt\-l-sØbpw am- Xm-]n-Xm- - m-cpss ZuXy-sØbpw {]-Imin- n- p-i-bpw i n-s -Sp-Øp-Ibpw snøp sszhn-i -Ir-]-bp-sS A`mhw Cu Xc-Øn-ep IqSm-c-Øn Cs v Dd- m-t - Xv ss{ikvx-h-\m-wv. C sø IpSpw-_-ßsf kw_- n v Im\m-bn-se hnhm-l-ønse AZv`p-Xw Bh -Øn- psim v, \ Im-\p Akm[m-cW-amb Hcp Ign-thm-Sp-IqSn a\p-jylr-z-b-øns ""henb I `-c-wn-i-fn '' (""amphorae'') Ir] \nd-bv p- p. Cu kphn-ti-j-cw-ksø hymjym-\n- p-sim- v, Rm C{]-Imcw ]d-bpi-bp- mbn: "blq-z-cpss ip o-i-c-wi -Ω- Øn-\p ' (tbml. 2:6) ""`c-wn-ifn-se sh -sø ho m n am n-b-xp-h-gn, tbip hmnm-e-amb Hcp AS-bmfw {]h - Øn- p p: tami-bpss \nba-sø Ahn- Sp v B\μw kwh-ln- p kphn-tijam n am p- p.'' 6 Im-cp-Wy-Øns acp v Ahn-Sp v {]txy-i-ambn Nq n- m-wn- p- p. ]pcp-j-\pw kv{xobpw XΩn-epw amxm-]n-xm- - mcpw a fpw XΩn-ep-ap _ -߃ ]p\x-ÿm-]n- psim- v, Cu acp v lrz-b-im-tn-\ysø kpj-s -Sp-Øp- p. {]nb ktlm-z-co-k-tlm-z-c- m-tc, Cu N m-k-tω-f-\-ønse \nß-fpss {]h Ø-\-Øn\v Rm F m ip`m-iwk-ifpw t\cp- p. "kvt\l-øns B\- μ'-ønse D -S- -søbpw ssiensbbpw kzmwio-i-cn- m\pw hni-kn- n- m- \pw C -en-bnse k`sb AXp klmbn- s ; CS-h-I-I-fnepw kwls-\-ifnepw {]ÿm-\-ß-fnepw IpSpw-_kwLßsf \bn- p- -h-cpss cq]o-ic-w-øn\v AXv kw`m-h\ \ Is ; kphn-ti-j- Øns B\μw Pohn- m\pw kaq-l- Øn kpoh LS-I-ß-fm-Im\pw At\- Iw IpSpw-_-ßsf klm-bn- p-sim- v, Ah-cpsS bm{x v AXv ]n pw \ - Is. apgp-lr-z-b-tøm-spiqsn \nßsf Rm Bio h-zn- p- p. Zb-hmbn F\n- p-th n {]m n- m \nß-tfmsv Rm A`y n- p-ibpw snøp- p. 1 Apostolic Exhortation Amoris Laetitia,31. 2 Ibid., 37. aym am-dns ]pxnb Aw_m-k-U lnkv FIvk-se kn anã km evhn 1955 Unkw-_ 20 \v bm tkm-wn P\n- p. hnhm-ln-x-\pw c p s] - Ip n-i-fpss ]nxm-hp-am-wv A- t±lw. C U-kv{Sn-b siankv{sn-bn _ncpzap v. C \m-j-w Hm Kss\-tk-j B v C twm-aniv Un m - psa v Hm^v Z an\nkv{sn Hm^v t^mdn A^-tb-gvkn Pq\n-b Ãm^v saº (MFA); Fw.- F^v.FbpsS su]yq n A- kn-ã v Ub-d-IvS ; Fw.- F^v.-F-bpsS tim kp-e Unhnj-\n DtZym-K-ÿ ; Un m psa v Hm^v πm\nmv B Uv AUvan-\n-kvt{S-j, C \m-j-w Hm K-ss\-tkj kv B- v C -twm-aniv Un m p-sa ns t{]mt mtimƒ Un m p-sa v, Fw.F^v.-F F n-hbn DtZym-K- \hw-_ 9 hymgmgvn cmhnse am ]m HutZym-Kn-I-ambn aym am-dns {]Ya Aw_m-k-U lnkv FIvk-se kn anã km evhns\, ]cnip knwlm-k-\-øn-te- p-, At±-l-Øns \nb-a\]{x- k-a -W-Øn-\mbn kzoi-cn p. 3 Address to Participants in the General Assembly of the Pontifical Academy for Life, 5 October Conscience, Brescia 1933, Pastoral Constitution Gaudium et Spes, General Audience, 8 June ÿ ( ); ]o n-ßnse Fw_- n-bn aq mw sk{i- dn ( ); Fw.F-^v.-F-bpsS s]mfn- n- Un m psa- n sk sl-uv ( ); ]o nƒkv dn -ªnIv Hm^v ssn\-bn tim -k ( ); s]mfn- n- Un m psa- n-epw Fw.-F^v.- -.F-bpsS Un m p-sa- v Hm^v s{sbn- \nw-kv, dnk - v B v t^mdn emwtkz-pn-epw Akn- à v U-b-d-IvS ( ); knwk- q-cn Fw_- n-bnse H mw sk-{i- -dnbpw Iu skedpw ( ); Fw.- F-^v.-F-bpsS s]mfn- n- Un m - p-sa n U]yq n Ub-d-Iv-Sdpw Ub-d-IvSdpw ( ); \yqtbm - nse sf-iy-cm-jv{s-kw-l-s-\-bn an\n-ã Iu sk-edpw ÿncw {]Xn-\n-[nbpw ( ); Unhn-j Hm^v C - \m-j-w Hm K-ss\-tkj Hm^v Zn Fw.F-^v.-FbpsS Ub-d-IvS (2011); Fw.F-^v.-F-bpsS s]mfn- n- Un- m p-sa n su]yq n Ub-d-IvS P\-d ( ); Fw.F-^v.-F-bpsS s]mfn- n- Un m p-sa n Ub-d-IvS P\-d ( ); Hmkv{Sn-bm-bn Aw_m-k-UdmWv apx AhnsSbmWv At±lw hkn- p- Xv; enxzm-\n-b-bn Aw_m-k-U (2017 apx ) F o ÿm\-ß-fn At±lw tkh\w A\p-jvTn- n- p v.

6 ]pkvxiw 10, e w \hw_ 2017 Hs h-tøms ""_n n-\n-bnse aq p kv^n Ivkp-Iƒ;'' km h-tzm Zmen-bpsS cn\, 1947 ""BWhmbp[ hnap- -amb Hcp temi-øn\pw ka{k \ncm-bp-[o- I-c-WØn\pap km[y-x-iƒ'' F hnj-b-sø- p-dn- v, ka{k am\hhn-i-k\w t{]m m-ln- n- p -Xn-\p-th- n-bp Imcym-eb-Øns B`n-ap-Jy-Øn, \hw_ Xob-Xn-I-fn Hcp ZznZn-\-k-tΩ-f\w høn- m- \n h v \S-Ø-s - p. ktωf-\- Øn\p {]tnm-z-\-am-bxv BWhm-bp-[-ß-sfbpw Bbp-[-hym-]mc-sØ-bpw-Ip-dn v {^m kokv am ]m- -bpss XpS -bm-bp A]-e-]-\-am-Wv. ]cnip ]nxmhpw tã v sk{i dn I ±n- \mƒ ]ntbs{xm ]tcmfn\pw ktωf\sø {]txyiw {]txyiw A`nkwt_m-[\ snbvxp. \hw_ 10 sh nbmgvn cmhnse \ Inb Xs ]cm-a iß-fn, BW-hmbp-[o-I-c-W-Øn-te- p a -cw, apgp-h a\p-jy-h K-sØbpw Ct mƒ `ojwn-s -Sp-Øp ""`bøns Hcp at\m`mh''øn \n v DZn p Xmbn ]c-am-nm-cy FSp-Øp]-d- p. ssk\n-i-sn-e-hp-i-fpss Hcp `mkw \o n-h v Zcn-{Z m-bp Hcp BtKmf-\n[n cq]o-i-cn- m tã v sk{i- t]mƒ Bdm-a am ]m bpss Blzm\w høn- m-\n h v \hw-_ 10 sh n-bmgvn, ""BWhmbp-[ -hn-ap- -amb Hcp temi-øn\pw ka{k \ncm-bp- [o-i-c-w-øn-\p-ap km[y-x-iƒ'' F hnjb-sø- p-dn p \S ktω-f-\sø A`n-kw-t_m-[\ snbv- Xp-sIm- v, tã v sk{i- dn I ±n-\mƒ ]ntbs{xm ]tcmfn t]mƒ Bdm-a am ]m Db Ønb Blzm-\- sø A\p-kva-cn- p. ssk\n-i-sn-e-hp-i-fn \n v Zcn- {Z mbn \o n-h-bv p Hcp BtKm-f-\n-[n- p-th n t]mƒ Bdm-a am ]m Blzm\w snbvxn-cp- p. I ±n-\mƒ ]tcm-fns A`n-kw-t_m-[-\-bpsS ]cn-`mj Nph-sS. AXyp- X I ±n-\mƒam-tc, A`n-hμy sa{xm- m-tc, al-xo-a-lm- m-tc, ka-tbm-nn-x-amb Cu ZznZn-\-k-tΩ-f\w kwl-sn- n- p Xn\pw \S-Øp- -Xn-\pw, ka{k am\hhn-i-k-\- Øns ip-{iq-j-bv pth nbp Imcym-e-b-tØm-Sv, {]-txy-in v AXns {]os^ivsv I ±n-\mƒ ]o S Ivk-tWm-Sv, Fs AKm-[-amb IrX- X Rm {]I-Sn- n- p p. Cu k o Æhpw A\n- n-x-hp-amb Ime-ß-fn, ""BW-hm-bp-[-ß-fn \n v hnap -amb Hcp temi- Øn\pw ka{khni-k-\-øn-\p-ap km[y-x-isf''- pdn p kwkm-cn- p- -Xv, Xo -Øpw kz]v\-tem-i-k- - -a-s - nepw, Ipd-s ms bmym y t_m[-an- mø- Xmbn txm n-tb- pw. BW-h bp -km-a-{kn-iƒ Imtem-Nn-X-ambn ]cn-jv -cn- p- -Xn-\p sne-hp-iƒ Dƒs ss temi-hym-]-i-ambn Bbp-[߃ p-th- nbp sne-hp-i-fpss \nc- -c-h -\ F `bm-\-iamb Hcp hkvxpx CXns\ ÿnco-icn- p- -Xmbn ImW-s -Sp p. kwk-xn-i-fpss Xo -bmbpw \ncm-im-p-\-i-amb Cu Ah-ÿ-bpsS a[y-øn-emwv C sø ktω-f\w \S- p- -Xv. AtX-k-a-bw, ""BW-hm-bp[hnap- -amb Hcp tem- I-Øns km[y-x-i-sf- p-dn p'' kwkm-cn- p- Xv Ign- am v 27 \v ]cn-ip ]nxmhv tnmzn Hcp tnmzysø- p-dn p hnnn- \w snøm \sω Wn- p p. BW-hm-bp-[-߃ \ntcm-[n- m-\p \nb-a_- n-xamb Hcp tcj- p-th n Iq-Sn-bm-tem-N\ \S-Øm-\p sfiy-cm-jv{s-k-tω-f-\-øns XpS- -Øn-\p Xs ktμ-i-øn-emwv At±lw Cu tnmzyw D bn- -Xv. BW-hm-bp-[-߃ C mø Hcp temiw F hnj-a- Ic-hpw Zo L-Im-e-tØ- p- -Xp-amb Hcp e y-øn- \p-th n Hcp-h F n\p ]pd-s -SWw? {i m-]q Δw hnh-cn- p At±-l-Øns {]Xyp- Ø-c-sØ- p-dn v Cu L -Øn ]cn-k-wn- p- Xv XmXv]-cy-ap-W Øp- -XmWv: ""Ccp-]Øn H mw-\q- m- nse Cu _lp-{[p-h-tem- I-Øn kam-[m-\-øn-\pw kpc- n-x-xz-øn-\p-ap apjy-`oj-wn-isf DZm-l-c-W-ambn `oi-c-hm-zw, ka- Xp-en-X-a- mø kwl- -\-߃, ssk_ kpc- n-x- Xzw, ]mcn-ÿn-xn-i-{]-iv\-߃, Zmcn{Zyw XpSßn-bhsb- Ah-bpsS At\Iw am\-ß-tfm-sp-iqsn \mw ]cn-kwn- p- -]- w, Aß-s\-bp sh p-hn-fn-iƒ v ^e-{]zamb {]Xyp-Øcw F \ne-bn BW-hm-bp-[-\n-tcm- [-\-Øns A]-cym-]vXX kw_- n v Ipd- -txm- Xn-e kwi-b-߃ Db-cp- -Xv. BW-hm-bp-[-ß-fpsS GXp-]-tbm-K-sØbpwØpS v hn\m-i-i-cam-bn D m- Ip am\p-jn-ihpw ]mcn-ÿn-xn-i-hp-amb ^e-߃ \mw ]cn-k-wn- p- -]- w, Cu Bi- -Iƒ CXn -Iq-SpX hep-xmbncn- pw. ÿe-ime-ß-fn Cu D]-tbm-K- Øn\v hn\m-i-i-chpw hnth-n-\-c-ln-xhpw A\n-b-{ nxhpw Bb ^e߃ D v. ssk\n-i-e- y-߃ p BW-h-hn-j-b-ß-fn hn-\n-tbm-kn p hn`-h-ß-fpss ]mgvs ehv \mw ]cn-tim-[n- p-tºmƒ, kam\-amb Bi- -bv p ImcWw D m-ip- p. Cu hn`-h-߃ AXn\p ]Icw kam-[m-\-øn-s bpw ka{k am\h-hn- I-k-\-Øn-s bpw t{]m m-l-\-hpw AXp-t]m-se-Xs Zmcn-{Zy-Øn-s\-Xn-sc-bp t]mcm- hpw kpÿnc hnik-\-øn-\p 2030 te- p ]cn-]m-sn-bpw-t]mse tbmky-amb ap K-W-\-Iƒ p-th n D]-tbm-Kn- m-hp- -Xm-Wv. ""`b-øn A[n-jvTn-X-amb Hcp ÿncx F{]-Imcw \ne-\n p- -XmIpw F pw \mw \tωm-sp-xs tnmzn-t Xp v. bym -Øn AXv `bw h n- n- p-ibpw P\-X-I-fpsS CS-bn-ep hnizm-k-_- - ßsf A n-a-dn- p-ibpw snøp- p.'' ""kpc- n-xxzw kw_- n Hcp I]- S-t_m-[-Øn, ]c-kv]-c-\-io-i-c-w-øns tbm kºq Æ \io-i-c-w-øn-s tbm Bb Hcp `oj-wn-bn, AY-hm tih-ew Hcp i nk p-e\w \ne-\n -Øp- -Xn, A m-cm-jv{s-k-am-[m-\hpw ÿnc-x-bpw A[n-jvTn-X-am- m Ignbp-I-bn.'' 1 BW-hm-bp-[-ß-fn \n p hnap - amb Hcp temi-øn-\p-th- n-bp \n -t±i-ß-fpss Hcp ]c-º-c-bmwv ]cn-ip- ]nxmhv \ap p \ In-bn-cn- p- Xv. AXn- \v \ΩpsS hnnn- -\-ß-fn klm-bn- m km[n- pw. \mep io -j-i-ß-fn Rm AXp kw{k-ln- mw: 1. Ccp-]-sØm- mw-\q- m- n tziobhpw A t±-io-b-hp-amb kpc- -bv- p `oj-wn-iƒ v {]Xyp-Øcw \ - Ip- -Xn BW-hm-bp-[-ßfn A[n-jvTn- X-amb {]Xn-tcm-[-hy-h-ÿ-I-fpsS A]-cym- ""kam-[m-\w, b ]vx-x.

7 c sdmamt\m {]Xn-hm-c-]-Xn v 6/7 `b-s -Sp-Ø kpc- n-x-xz-øn-\p am K-a A m-cm-jv{s-_- -ß-fn BW-hm-bp-[`ojWn Db Øp Xns\ am ]m A]-e-]n p {]nb kvt\ln-x-tc, \n߃ Hmtcm-cp-Ø-scbpw Rm lm ±ambn kzmkxw snøp- p. \nß-fpss km n- y-øn\pw s]mxp-\- -bv p-ambn \n߃ snbvxp-h-cp {]hr-øn-iƒ- pw Rm IrX- -\m-wv. I ±n-\mƒ S Ivks A`nhμ-\-Øn\pw BapJ-h- N- p-iƒ pw \μn. h Ø-am-\-ImeØv Aÿn-c-Xbpw kwl jhpw AS-bm-f-s -Sp-Øp A- m-cm-jv{sob cwkw Db Øp k o - Æßfmb sh p-hn-fn-i-fpss shfn- - Øn kzxth Xs \n Æm-b-I-amb hnj-b-߃ N snøp- -Xn-\mWv \n߃ ChnsS ktω-fn- n- p- Xv: \nßfpss N mhn-jbw Bb ""BW-hm-bp[- hn-ap- -amb temihpw kºq Æ-\n-cmbp-[o-I-c-Whpw: AXn-\p km[y-xifpw'' hnzq-c-am-sw v Nn n- m Aipt`m- p-j-a-\ v \sω t{]cn- n-t - mw. Bbp-[-a- cw apdp-in-s mt Ccn- bm-wv. Bbp-[-ti-Jcw BW-hm-bp-[- ߃ am{xw A hni-kn- n- m\pw B- [p-\o-i-cn- m\pw cmjv{s-߃ h Xp-I- I-fmWv sne-h-gn- p- -Xv. AXp-sIm- v \ΩpsS a\p-jy-ip-spw-_sø t\cn-sp- Zmcn-{Zy-\n Ωm -\w, kam-[m-\-kwÿm-]-\w, hnzym-`ym-k- -km-º-øn-i- -Btcm-Ky-]-cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ, a\p-jym-h-imi hnik\w, XpS-ßnb bym ap K-W-\- Iƒ ]n X- -s - p-t]m-ip- p (cf. Message to the Conference on the Humanitarian Impact of Nuclear Weapons, 7 December 2014). n- ]p\cmlzm\w \SØn 2. BW-hm-bp-[-ß-fpsS D]-tbm-K-Øns hn\miic-amb am\p-jn-ihpw ]mcn-ÿn-xn-i-hp-amb {]Xym- LmXw. 3. B Bbp-[-߃ Imem-\p-kr-X-ambn B[p-\o-Icn- m th n sne-hm- p am\p-jn-ihpw kmº-øn- I-hp-amb hn`-h-ß-fp-ss, kam-[m-\hpw ka-{k hni-k- \hpwt]mse-bp e y-߃ samø-øn ]n p-scp- -Xn \n- v th s]-sp-øp hn`-h-ß-fpss, ]mgm-. 4. `b-øn-s bpw Ahn-izm-k-Øn-s bpw kwl j- Øn-s bpw Bb kml-n-cy-øns krjvsn. XpS 8 mw t]pn p -a-cpxv;'' C -en-bnse "tim{ºn-sl kohv C Ãn- yq v Hm^v tim {Sqkn ss sa'bnse hnzym n-iƒ hc Nph Nn{Xw BW-hm-bp-[-ß-fpsS hn\n-tbmkw hnfn- p-h-cpøp A]-I-S-I-c-amb am\pjn-i- -]m-cn-ÿnx hnj-b-߃ \sω DXv -WvTm-Ip-e-cm- p- p. bmzr- n-iambn h BW-hm-bp-[hpw s]m n-bm D mimhp Zpc w IW- n-se-sp- Øm Ah-bpsS D]-tbm-Kw- am{x-a A-h-bpsS AkvXnXzw Xs -bpw- A-]- e-]n- -s -ts- -XmWv F v ImWm Ign-bpw. kwl j-ønse I n-iƒ v am{xw A am\-h-ip-e-øn\v BsI- Øs `oxn]i-cp Hcp Ah-ÿ-bmWv Ah krjvsn- p- -Xv. A m-cm-jv{s-_- -߃ ssk\n-ii- n-tbsbm, ]ckv]c `oj-wntbsbm, Bbp[tiJ-c-{]- Z i-\-sø-tbm, B[m-c-am n \n Δ-Nnt - -X-. kºq Æ hn\m-i-øn-\p Bbp-[-߃, hnti-jn pw BW-hm-bp- [-߃, hymp-amb Hcp kpc- n-x-xzt_m[w A msx as m pw {]Zm\w snøp- n-. am\-hipspw_ønse AwK-ßfpsS kam-[m-\-]-c-amb kl-h Øn-Xz- Øn\v Ah H pw DX-Ip- -X ; AXn-\pth- Xv sfiy-zm Vy-Øns [ Ωimkv{Xw BIp p (cf. Message to the United Nations Conference to Negotiate a Legally Binding Instrument to Prohibit Nuclear Weapons, 27 March 2017). \mkkm- n-bn-sebpw lntcm-jn-a-bn-sebpw t_mw_p-kvt^m-s-\-ßsf AXn-Po-hn ln_- p-jbpw (Hibakuzha) BWh ]co- -W-߃ nc-bm-ip- -hcpw \ - Ip km yw CØ-cp-W-Øn khntij {]k n D XmWv. Ah-cpsS {]hm-n-i-xp-ey-amb i_vzw `mhn-x-e-apd- Iƒ v Hcp ap -dn-bn- m-bn-cn- s! am{x-hp-a-, Hcp bp -X{ w F \ne-bn t]mepw a\p-jy-hw-i-øns D qe-\-øn\v hgnhbv p Bbp-[-߃ hnth-i-iq-\y-am-wv. bym imkv{xw a\p-jy-cm-in-bpss \ bv v DX-Ip- -XmsW- nepw C m-eøv \ Dt±-iy-tØmsS XpS-ßp ]e ] -Xn-Ifpw Zpcp-]- tbm-k-s -Sp-Ø-s -Sp Xmbn ImWp- p. BWh kmt -Xn-I-hnZy UnPn- hm - Øm-hn-\n-a-bwhgn ]S-cp-I-bm-Wv. ]pxnb cmjv{s-߃ BW-hm-bp-[-tijn t\sp- - Xv XS-bm Ct m-gsø A m-cmjv{sob \nb-a-߃ ]cym-]vx-a F -XmWv Ahÿ. `oi-cxbpw Ak- p-en-x-bp- hpw a pw IW- n-se-sp- p-tºmƒ C sø BtKm-f-cm-jv{So-bm-hÿ DXv- WvT P-\n- n- p- -XmWv F p ]d-bmsx hø. AtX-k-abw \ΩpsS Acm-P-I-tem- I-Øn {]Xym-i-bpsS Hcp Xncn sxfn- m Btcm-Ky-I-c-amb bmym yt_m-[-øn\v Ign-bp- p v Xm\pw. DZml-c-W-Øn\v CubnsS sfiy-cm-jv{s-k- `-bn sfxn-lm-kn-i-amb Hcp thms - Sp v \S- Xv Hm p-i. A m-cm-jv{s-kaq-l-ønse `qcn-] w cmjv{s-ßfpw BW-hm-bp-[-߃- A-[m Ωn-Ihpw \nba-hn-t[-b-a- mø bp -co-xnbpw BWv F v \ne-]msv FSp-Øp. cmkm-bp-[-߃, ssphm-bp-[-߃, a\p-jy-hn-cp- -Ip-gnt_mw-_p-Iƒ, à t_mw_p-iƒ F- n-h-sbms A m-cmjv{s [mc-w-iƒsim v \ntcm-[n- -s - n-cns \ne-\n- p-t]m Hcp \nb-a-tem]w Xncp-Øphm Cu Xocp-am\w DX-In. s]mxp-kaq-lhpw cmjv{s-ßfpw A m-cm-jv{s-kw- L-S-\-Ifpw k`-ifpw A m-z-an-ifpw hnz- Kv -cpss kwl-ßfpw F mw HØptN v krjvsn Hcp ""am\-hn-i-b- w''aqew BWv AXv km[y-am-bxv F Xpw AXy w {it bw Xs. \n߃, Bcm-[y-cmb t\m_ ]pc-kvimctp-xm- ƒ, F\n v \ Inb Cu tcjbpw Aßs\ Hcp bxv\-øns `mkamwv F v Rm Xncn- -dn-bp- p. Bb- Xn-\p \μnbpw A`n-\-μ-\hpw Adn-bn- p-ibpw snøp- p. t]mƒ Bdm-a am ]m- -bpss "P\- X-I-fpsS ]ptcm-kxn' (Populorum Progressio) F Nm{In-I-te-J-\-Øns AºXmw hm jn-i-amwv Cs m- w. hy- n-sb- p-dn- p ss{ikvx-h-k- ev]w \n h-nn- -s -Sp B Nm{In-I-te-J\w ka-{k -am-\-hn-i-hn-i-k\w F Bibw {]Im-in- n- pibpw AXv ""kam-[m-\-øns ]pxnb \maw'' BWv F v \n t±in- bpw snbvxp. Ahn-kva-c-Wob-hpw, C pw {]k- hpw Bb Cu tcj-bn am ]m hy -ambn ]d- p: ""hni-k\w kmº-ønihf am{xw A. bym - -am-i-w-sa- n AXv ka-{k-am-i-ww. Hmtcm a\p-jy-s bpw hf - bpw kºq - Æ-a-\p-jys hnim-khpw D±o-]n- n p- -Xm-IWw AXv'' (\w. 14). "]mgm- ' kwkvimcw \mw X n- -f-tb- -Xp- v. thz-\m-i-c-amb Ak- p-en-xm-h-ÿ-isf t\cn-sm \n _- n- X-cm-Ip hy n-iƒ pw kaq-l߃- pwth n \mw Icp-Xep h-cm-iww. kzm -X-bp-sSbpw A\p-_- -Xm-Xv]- cy-ß-fp-ssbpw ]cn-]m-sn-iƒ Hgn-hm n sfiy-zm Vy-Øns {]{In-b-Iƒ t{]m- m-ln- n- m \ap v Ign-b-Ww. hy- n-i-fmepw kwl-ß-fmepw F m-hcpw \ Ip kw`m-h-\-iƒ A[o-\m-h-Im-i- X-Øz-Øns shfn- -Øn tn Øp-h v hy n-x-ehpw kmaq-ln-i-x-ehpw kwtbm-pn- n- m km[n- bpw thww. Ah-km-\ambn, a\p-jys Bflmhpw ico-chpw XΩnepw [ym\hpw I Ωhpw XΩnepw D Ahn-`m-Py-amb GIm-fl- IX t{]m m-ln- n- pi F Xpw A\nhm-cy-amWv F p-iqss Rm CØ-cp-W- Øn Iq n-t Øp-sIm- -s. Bbp-[- p-c-iƒ s]mfn- p-i-f-bpi F Xv Akm-[y-amb BZ i-]-c-x-bmwv F p Icp-Xp hcpss hna i-\-߃ v hncp- -ambn, B{I-a-W-Øns amcim-bp- [-߃ C mø Hcp kzx-{ -kz-]v\- temiw km m-xvi-cn- m ^e-{]-zhpw ki-e-scbpw Dƒs m- p- Xpw Bb ]ptcm-k-xn-bpss ]mx Xpd- m Cßs\ \ap p Ign-bpw. tpm Ccp-]-Ønaq- m-a am ]m- -bpss Bi-b-߃ \nxy-{]-k- amwv. ka-{k-amb \ncm-bp- [o-i-c-w-sø- p-dn v kqnn- n- p-sim v At±lw ]d p: ""Cu \ncm-bp-[o-i-c- W-{]-{Inb ka-{khpw kºq Æhpw BIp- n-s - n, Aßs\ a\p-jy-cpss Bflm-hns\ AXv kv] in- p- n-s - n, Bbp-[-a- cw Ah-km-\n- pibn, Bbp-[-߃ Ipd- p-sim- p-h-cm Ign-bp-I-bn-. AXn-t\- mƒ {][m\- ambn Ah ]q Æ-ambn C m-xm- m Hcn- epw km[n- p-i-bp-an '' (`qan-bn kam-[m\w (Pacem in Terris), G{]n 11, 1963). Cu hnth-ihpw X -h-amb I Ω-]- -Xn-Ifpw temi-{i- -bn sim phcp Xn \n v Xncpk` Hcn- epw ]nt m- p-t]m-bn n-. am\-h-ip-e-øn\v Xm- m-\p hgn ^e-{]-z-am-i-w-sa- n ka-{k-hn-i-k\w A\n-hm-cy-am-Wv F - Xn Xncpk` XnI pw t_m[-h-xnbmwv. a-tbmspw ÿnc-x-tbmspw Cu bm{x XpS-cp-hm Rm \nßsf B- lzm\w snøp- p. I Ømhv \tωm-ssm- Øp v F v hniz-kn- p-sim v apt m- p-t]m-hp-i. AhnSp v \n߃ Hmtcm-cp- Ø-scbpw, \oxn pw kam-[m-\-øn\pwth n-bp \nß-fpss ]cn-{i-a-ß-sfbpw, A\p-{K-ln- -s. \n߃ v \μn.

8 8 {]Xn-hm-c-]-Xn v Hs h-tømsc sdmamt\m ]pkvxiw 10, e w \hw_ 2017 (7 mw t]pn \n p XpS ) ""BW-hm-bp[߃ \ntcm-[n- m-\p DS-ºSn CubnsS AwKo-I-cn -Xpw A- Xn H p-h-bv m XpS-ßn-b-Xpw Cu hnj-b-߃ p bym -amb Hcp {]Xn-I-c-W-am-Wv. Ign sk]v w-_ 20 \v ]cn-ip knwlmk-\hpw Cu DS- º-Snsb AwKo-I-cn- p. AXn\p ]n pw \ Im am{x-a-, A -c-ønepw A -Ønepw AXn-s\ a\- n-em- m {ian- p- -Xn\pw AXp t{]m m-ln- n- p- -Xns\ ]n p-s-cp -Xn\pw {]kvxpx DS-º-Sn -cm-jv{s-ßsf t{]m m-ln- n- p p. BW-hm-bp-[-߃ C m-xm- m- \p kp{]-[m\ A m-cm-jv{s-hy-h-ÿbpss `mk-amwv Cu DS-º-Sn. \nb-am-\pkr-x-amb CXc-{]-am-W-tcJIƒ, DZm-lc-W-ambn B-W-hm-bp-[-ß-fpsS \n hym- ]-\-Øn-\p DS-º-Snbpw BW-h-]-co- - W-\n-tcm-[\ DS-º-Sn-bpw CXns `mkambn- -gn- n-cn- p- p. Cu aq v tcj-iƒ ]c-kv]-c-]q-c-i-am-wv. BW-hm-bp-[-߃s -Xn-sc-bp \nb-a-hy-h-ÿ-isf i n-s -Sp-Øp-I-bmWv Ah-bpsS e yw. B-W-hm-bp-[-ß-sf Ah Iq \- ioi-cw-øn-\p a v Bbp[ßfpsS, A m-cm-jv{s-\n-baw BtKm-f-X-e-Ønepw km Δ-{Xn-I-ambpw \ntcm-[n- p-i-gn- n- p cmkm-bp-[-ßfpw ssphm-bp[-ßfpwt]mse-bp- -h-bp-ss, AtX hn-`m-k- Øn Dƒs -Sp-Øn-bn-cn- p- p. Cu aq v DS-º-Sn-I-fpsS icn-bmb {]-tbmkw BWhm-bp-[-ß-fn \n p kz-x-{ -amb Hcp temi-øn-te- p am -KØn apt m- p {]my-an-i-amb Hcp Nph-Sp-h-bv]ns\ {]Xn-\n-[o-I-cn- p- p. \mw kzoi-cn- m hnfn- -s - n- p Cu ]mx-bpss as mcp kp{][m-\-h-isø- p-dn p hnnn- \w sn-øm Rm B{K-ln- p- p. BW-hm-bp-[-ß-fpsS \ntcm-[\w kw_- n DS-ºSn kam- [m-\-øn-\pw, AXns cq]-ß-fnepw \ncmbp-[o-i-c-w-øn-\pw-th hnzym-`ym-k- Øns {]m[m-\yhpw AtXm-sSmØv h Ø-am-\-Im-e-sØbpw `mhn-bn-sebpw Xe-ap-d-Isf kw_- n A]-I-S-km-[y- X-I-sfbpw ]cn-w-x-^-e-ß-sf-bpw-ip-dn- p Ah-t_m[w Db tø- -Xns {]m[m-\y-hpw AwKo-I-cn- p- p. Cu co- Xn-bn {]Xyp-Øcw \ Ip- Xv BWhm-bp-[-ßsf Xnc-kv -cn- p Hcp kwkvim-c-sø, Pohn-X-Øn-s bpw kam- [m-\-øn-s bpw Hcp kwkvim-c-sø, a\p-jy-hy- n-bpss A - nepw \nb-a- Øn-s kap- -X-Xz-Ønepw A[n-jvTn-Xamb Hcp kwkvim-c-sø, t{]m m-ln n- p- Xv e y-am- p kp{]-[m\ DZya-ß-tfm-Sp {]Xn-_- X A\n-hm-cy-am- p- p. kwhm-z-øn-epw, cmjv{s-ß-fpss kaq-l-ønse F m AwK-ß-fp-sSbpw DØ-c-hm-Zn-Ø-]q Æhpw k-xyk- hpw kpÿn-c-hp-amb kl-i-c-w-ønepw A[n-jvTn-X-am-b, Hcp _-lp]m iz-hm-z- Øn-eqsS CXv t\ts- -Xm-Wv. AtX-k-a-bw, {^m kokv am -]m- Ign am v 27 \v At±-l-Øns ktμ-i-øn C{]-Imcw Nq n- m-wn- p: ""hf p-h-cp ]c-kv]-cm-{inx-xz- Øn-s bpw BtKm-f-h-XvI-c-W-Øn-s - bpw A w BW-hm-bp-[-ß-fpsS `oj- Wn- p GXp {]Xyp-Ø-chpw Iq mbxpw GtIm-]n-Xhpw ]c-kv]-chn-izm-k- Øn A[n-jvTn-X-hp-am-bn-cn- -Ww F m- Wv. ad- p-]n-sn- txm kzm -]-ctam Bb XmXv]-cy-ß-fpsS kwc- -WsØ e y-am- n-s m- hnizmkw ]Sp-Øpb Øm-\m-hp-I. bym -Øn s]m- Xp\ sb e y-am- p kwhm-z-øneqss am{x-ta Cu hnizmkw \n Ωn- m Ignbq. Aß-s\-bp kwhm-z- Øn Ign-bp- n-s-tømfw F m-h-scbpw Dƒs -Sp-Ø-Ww.'' 2 kwl j߃ Hgn-hmt]mƒ Bdm-a am ]m bpss Blzm\w p-ibpw ]c-kv]-c-_- -ß-fpsS ]me߃ ]Wn-bp-Ibpw snøpi F Xv {]- tbm-p-\-i-chpw Iq m-bxpw GtIm-]n-Xhp-amb Hcp {]Xyp-Ø-c-Øn-s apjye yw B-bn-cn- -Ww. BW-hm-bp-[-ßsf kw_- n kwhm-zsø Np n-bp ""`b''øn\-xo-x-ambpw Nne h Ø-am-\-Im-e-N -I-fn k n-ln-x-amb Hcp H -s -S hmz-øns A]-I-S-km-[y-X- -Xo-X-ambpw \oßp kam-[m-\-øn-s bpw _-lp]m - ""BWh Zpc w;'' sd\mø ]t -cm-bpss cn\ iz-kp-c nxxz-øn-s bpw [m -Ωn-I-Xsb- p-dn- p Hcp hnnn- -\-sø C v Bcw-`n- p ktω-f\w A\p-Iq-en pw F mwv Fs B-flm amb {]- Xymi. Cu e y-tøm-sp-iq-sn, "\ΩpsS s]mxp-`-h-\-øn-s Icp-X-en-s\-' pdn p {^m ko-kv am ]m -bpss "Atßbv v kvxpxn' (Laudato Si)F Nm{In-I-te-J-\-Øn ImWp Hcp apjy-b-ibøn \n v XpS-ßm-sa v Rm \n t±in p-i-bmwv: ""F mw _ n-x-amwv'' F v B tej-\-øn Gsd hy -ambn {]Xn-]m-Zn- n- p ""ka- {K ]cn-ÿn-xn-hn- m\o-b''øns \ne- ]m-sn \n v \ap- m-cw-`n- mw. ""ka{k \ncm-bp-[o-i-cww'' F Bibw ""ka{k ]cn-ÿn-xn-hn- m\obw'' F k -ev]sø A\p-kva-cn- n- p- p. F mw _ n-x-amwv F p \mw a\- n-em- p- -]- w, kwhmz-sø t{]m- mln nt - Xpw hnizm-k-øns LS-\-Iƒ \n Ωn-t - Xpw IqSp-X \n Æm-b-I-am-bn-Øo-cp- p. Fs - m, Chbpw BW-hm-bp-[-ß-fn \n p hnap -amb Hcp temi-øn-te p \bn- p {]{In-b-bpsS `mk-am-wv. CXp kw_- n v hnnn- -\-Øn-\p-th n IqSp- X Imcy-߃ C -sø ktωf\w \n t±-in- p-i-bm-sw- n AXv klmb-i-am-bn-cn- pw. A-Xn "Atßbv v kvxpxn'bnse as m-cp {][m\ k -ev]w, AXm-bXv A m-cm-jv{s-k-aq-l-øns `mkøv Hcp Znim-am- -Øns Bh-iyw, Dƒs -Spw. Cu {]txy-i-kw-k-xn-bn, A{]-Im-c-ap Hcp Znim-am w Ccp-]- søm- mw-\q- m- n kam-[m-\hpw A m-cm-jv{s-kp-c- n-xxzhpw Dd- m- m- \p ap K-W-\-I-fp-sSbpw G hpw \ am K-ßfp-sSbpw Hcp ]p\ hn-nn- -\- tøm-sp-iqsn Bcw-`n- -Ww. Hcp Ah-km\hnNn- -\w-iqsn \n t±in- m Fs A\p-h-Zn- p-i. Cs m- w "P\-X-I-fpsS ]ptcmkxn' (Populorum Progressio) F Nm{In-I-te-J-\Øns Aº-Xmw-hm jn-isø Ipdn- p- p. AXn C{]-Im-c-ap \n t±-i-ap- m-bncp p: ""Zcn-{Z-P-\-X-I-fpsS Bh-iy-߃- v Bizmkw \ -Im-\p Hcp temi- \n-[n- p-th n ssk\n-i-sn-e-hp-i-fpss... Hcp `mkw \o n-h-bv -Ww. Zmcn- {Zy-Øn-s\-Xn-sc-bp kxz-c-amb bp- sø kw_- n v hmkvx-h-ambxv tziob hni-k-\-øn-s {]h Ø\w kw- _- n pw hmkvx-h-am-wv. Cu tem-i- \n-[n-bn Dƒs Sp-Øn AXp \n Δ-ln- p- -Xm-b, F m cmjv{sß-fp-ssbpw `mk-øp Hcp Iq mb ]cn-{i-a-øn\p am{xta hnth-i-iq-\y-amb Cu ]c-kv]c a -c-߃ Ah-km\n- n- m\pw cmjv{sß-fpss CS-bn ^e-{]-zhpw kulr-z- ]q Æ-hp-amb kwhm-zw t{]m m-ln- n- m\pw Ignbq [...] A{]-Im-c-ap Hcp \n[n `b-ømepw Zp hm-in-bp Hu - Xy-Ømepw {]-tnm-zn-x-am-ip a p snehp-i-fpss Bh-iysØ Ipd-bv p-sa v F m-h pw hy -at? FÆ-a Zie- -߃ ] n-wn-in-s- p- p.... bn- n- p Hcp Bbp-[-a- cw \ap v Aw- Ko-I-cn- m km[n- p-i-bn-.'' 3 t]mƒ Bdm-a am ]m- -bpss Cu \n t±iw Imtem-Nn-X-ambn C p-w \nesim- p- p. AXv, A{]m-tbm-KnIw AYhm Ab-Ym w F pw txm n-tb- mw. F n-epw, 2015 AwKo-I-cn kpÿnc hni-k-\-e- y-߃ Imtem-Nn- X-am- p {]{In-b-bn, AXv F{]-Imcw ]p\-c-h-x-cn mw F -Xn-s\- p-dn- p hnnn- \w t{]m m-ln- n- pi km[yamtwm F p ]cn-k-wn-t - -Xm-Wv. BW-hm-bp-[-߃ \ne-\n Øm\pw B[p-\o-I-cn- m-\pw-th n D]-tbm-Kn- p aps- p-ap-x-ep-iƒ Dƒ-s ss Ipd- ssk\n-i-sn-e-hp-hgn kzcq-]n- m Ign-bp am\p-jn-ihpw kmº-øn-i-hpamb hn`-h-߃ Nq n- m-wn-t - -Xm- Wv. hni-k-\-øn-s bpw kam-[m-\-øns bpw b-ym e y-ß-fn-te v Cu hn`-h-߃ Xncn- p-hn-ts- -Xm-Wv. Cu \n t±iw Cu ktω-f-\-øns bpw Cu hnj-b-߃ p-th n ka - n- n- p CXc N m-k-tω-f-\-ß-fpssbpw Btem-N-\-Iƒ p hnsp- p. tzio-bhpw BtKm-f-X-e-Øn-ep- -Xp-amb {]iv\-ß-tfmsv {lkz-zr-jvsn-bp Hcp kao-]\w A t±-iob kaqlw Hgnhm-t - Xpw AXn\p]I-cw kam-[m-\- Øn-s bpw kpc- n-x-xz-øn-s bpw t]cn Zo L-Im-e-{]-h -Ø\w \S-tØ- Xpw F{X {][m-\-am-sw v Cu \n - t±iw AwKo-I-cn- p- p. hnhn[ k-μ `ß-fn ]cn-ip knwlm-k\w {]kvxmhn- n- p- -Xp-t]m-se, A mcmjv{s-\n-cmbp-[o-i-c-w-øn-s Hcp bym {]{Inb-bpsS ]n p-s-c-en\v hni-k-\sø kw- _- n v {][m\ {]tbm-p-\-߃ Df-hm- p- -Xn ]cm-p-bs Sm Ignbp-Ibn. 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