Prerequisites: Concepts of Engineering mechanics, basic physics, Newton s Laws


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1 KLS s Gogte Institute of Technology, Udyambag, Belagavi Course Document Academic Year: Department of Mechanical Engineering Course Title : FLUID MECHANICS Credits: 04 Course Code : 15ME36/46 L:T:P Course Type: ES Semester : III Div: C CIE marks: 50 Hours/week: 04 Total Hours: 52 SEE marks: 100 Prerequisites: Concepts of Engineering mechanics, basic physics, Newton s Laws Course Objectives: 1. To introduce and explain fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics, which is used in the applications of Aerodynamics, Hydraulics, Marine Engineering, Gas dynamics etc. 2. To give fundamental knowledge of fluid, its properties and behavior under various conditions of internal and external flows. 3. To develop understanding about hydrostatic law, principle of buoyancy and stability of a floating body and application of mass, momentum and energy equation in fluid flow. 4. To imbibe basic laws and equations used for analysis of static and dynamic fluids. 5. To inculcate the importance of fluid flow measurement and its applications in Industries. 6. To determine the losses in a flow system, flow through pipes, boundary layer flow and flow past immersed bodies. Course Outcomes(COs) : At the end of the course, the student will be able to [Outcomes usually follow the format: At the end of the course, students will be able to insert verb here + insert knowledge, skills, or attitudes the student is expected to develop] CO No. Course Outcomes ( Action verb should be in italics) Bloom s taxonomy Bloom s Level State the Newton s law of viscosity and Explain the mechanics of fluids at rest and in motion by observing the fluid phenomena. Remembering, Understanding L 1, L2 Compute force of buoyancy on a partially or fully submerged body and Analyze the stability of a floating body. Applying, Analyzing. L3, CO3 Derive Euler s Equation of motion and Deduce Bernoulli s equation. Applying L3 Examine energy losses in pipe transitions and sketch energy gradient lines. Applying, Analyzing, L3 Evaluate pressure drop in pipe flow using HagenPoiseuille s equation for laminar flow in a pipe Evaluating CO6 Distinguish the types of flows and Determine sonic velocity in a fluid. Understanding L2
2 Properties of Fluids and Fluid Statics Unit No. : 1 Duration: 10 Hrs. 1 Define fluid and its properties. Describe effect of temperature on viscosity. L1 2 Explain Newton s law of viscosity. Classify fluids based on Newton s law of viscosity and solve problems on Viscosity (moving plates and shaft examples) 3 Employ capillary principle to calculate capillary rise/fall in a given tube. L3 4 Interpret different forms of pressure measurement. L3 5 Employ principle of manometry to measure gauge and differential pressure. L3 L2 Hydrostatics, Buoyancy and Fluid Kinematics Unit No. : 2 Duration: 12 Hrs. 1 Calculate Hydrostatic Force and its Location for a given geometry and orientation of plane surface 2 Examine the possibility of a flow using continuity equation 3 Employ Archimedes principle to solve numerical examples on Buoyancy L3 4 Identify and interpret different flows with relevant equations L2 5 Distinguish velocity potential function and stream function and solve for velocity and acceleration of a fluid at a given location in a fluid flow 6 Examine stability of a floating body by determining its metacentric height L3 L3 Fluid Dynamics and Flow through Pipes Unit No. : 3 Duration: 10 Hrs. 1 Establish Euler s theorem and deduce Bernoulli s equation for a ideal fluid and comment on validation assumption made. L3, Page 2
3 2 Examine Bernoulli s equation for ideal and real fluids and evaluate the direction of, flow. 3 Distinguish between major loss and minor loss. L2 4 Employ DarcyWeichbach and Chezy s equation to calculate friction losses 5 Interpret different pipe fittings and evaluate the fluid velocity considering major and minor losses. 6 Sketch HGL and TEL for a given pipe setting. Fluid flow measurements, Laminar flow and Viscous Effects Unit No. : 4 Duration: 8 Hrs. 1 Employ Bernoulli s equation for real flow and deduce expressions for orifice meter and Venturimeter. 2 Distinguish Venturimeter, orifice meter, pitot tube and rectangular and triangular notches and solve for velocity of flow. 3 Define critical Reynolds number L2 4 Establish Hagen Poisueille s equation for laminar flow through pipe and parallel plates. L3 5 Illustrate fully developed flow. Apply Hagen Poisueille s equation to solve numerical Problems L3, Introduction to compressible flow, Flow past Immersed bodies Unit No. : 5 Duration: 10 Hrs. 1 Distinguish between Drag force and lift force L2 2 Examine drag and lift force for a given set of dimension and variables L3 3 Write the boundary layer concept. L3 4 Distinguish displacement, momentum, and energy thickness. 5 Illustrate subsonic, sonic, supersonic, hypersonic flows with respect to Mach number L3 Page 3
4 Text Books: 1. Engineering Fluid Mechanics by K.L. Kumar, Multicolor revised edition, S. Chand and Co, Eurasia Publishing House, New Delhi, Fluid Mechanics, Yunus A. Cenegal, and John M. Cimbala, second edition, Mc Graw Hill Education (India) Pvt. Ltd, A text book of Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines, Dr R.K. Bansal, Laxmi Publications, New Delhi, 2013 Reference Books: 1. Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, R.W. Fox, P.J. Pritchard and A.T. McDonald, 7 th Edition, John Wiley, New York, 2009, ISBN: Fluid mechanics by Victor Lyle Streeter, E. Benjamin Wylie Tata McGrawHill Education. 3. Fluid Mechanics by Frank.M. White, McGraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd, New Delhi, 4 th Edition Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics, P.N. Modi and S.M. Seth,18th Edition, Standard Book House, Delhi, Introduction to Fluid Machines, S.K. Som and G. Biswas, 2 nd Edition, Tata McGrawHill Publishers Pvt. Ltd, Activities planned for achievement of outcomes: Activities to be selected from following list (Partial list, more activities can be added by faculty) 1. Assignments 2. Quizzes 3. Internal Assessment Tests 4. Course Seminar 5. Course Project (Mini project) 6. Case Studies 7. VivaVoce Page 4
5 Mapping of COs and POs Course Outcomes CO3 CO6 Activities (Mention the S.No.) Program Outcomes Mapping of COs and PSOs Course Outcomes CO3 CO6 Activities (Mention the S.No.) Program Specific Outcomes PSO1 PSO2 PSO3 Note: 1. Enter correlation levels 1, 2 or 3 as defined below: 1: Slight (Low) 2: Moderate (Medium) 3: Substantial (High) It there is no correlation, put  Name and signature of the faculty member Page 5
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