Lecture 5: DC & Transient Response


 Lorena King
 3 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 Lecture 5: DC & Transient Response
2 Outline q Pass Transistors q DC Response q Logic Levels and Noise Margins q Transient Response q RC Delay Models q Delay Estimation 2
3 Activity 1) If the width of a transistor increases, the current will increase decrease not change 2) If the length of a transistor increases, the current will increase decrease not change 3) If the supply voltage of a chip increases, the maximum transistor current will increase decrease not change 4) If the width of a transistor increases, its gate capacitance will increase decrease not change 5) If the length of a transistor increases, its gate capacitance will increase decrease not change 6) If the supply voltage of a chip increases, the gate capacitance of each transistor will increase decrease not change DC Response CMOS VLSI Design Slide 3
4 Activity 1) If the width of a transistor increases, the current will increase decrease not change 2) If the length of a transistor increases, the current will increase decrease not change 3) If the supply voltage of a chip increases, the maximum transistor current will increase decrease not change 4) If the width of a transistor increases, its gate capacitance will increase decrease not change 5) If the length of a transistor increases, its gate capacitance will increase decrease not change 6) If the supply voltage of a chip increases, the gate capacitance of each transistor will increase decrease not change DC Response CMOS VLSI Design Slide 4
5 Pass Transistors q We have assumed source is grounded q What if source > 0? e.g. pass transistor passing q V g = If V s > V t, V gs < V t Hence transistor would turn itself off q nmos pass transistors pull no higher than V tn Called a degraded 1 Approaches degraded value slowly (low I ds ) q pmos pass transistors pull no lower than V tp q Transmission gates are needed to pass both 0 and 1 5
6 Pass Transistor Ckts V s = V tn V tn V tn V tn V s = V tp V tn 2V tn V SS 6
7 DC Response q DC Response: V out vs. V in for a gate q Example: Inverter When V in = 0 > V out = When V in = > V out = 0 In between, V out depends on transistor size and current By KCL, must settle such that I dsn = I dsp We could solve equations V in But graphical solution gives more insight I dsp I dsn V out 7
8 Transistor Operation q Current depends on region of transistor behavior q For what V in and V out are nmos and pmos in Cutoff? Linear? Saturation? 8
9 nmos Operation Cutoff Linear Saturated V gsn < V tn V in < V tn V gsn > V tn V in > V tn V dsn < V gsn V tn V out < V in  V tn V gsn > V tn V in > V tn V dsn > V gsn V tn V out > V in  V tn V gsn = V in I dsp V dsn = V out V in I dsn V out 9
10 pmos Operation Cutoff Linear Saturated V gsp > V tp V in > + V tp V gsp < V tp V in < + V tp V dsp > V gsp V tp V out > V in  V tp V gsp < V tp V in < + V tp V dsp < V gsp V tp V out < V in  V tp V gsp = V in  V tp < 0 V dsp = V out  V in I dsp I dsn V out 10
11 IV Characteristics q Make pmos wider than nmos such that β n = β p V gsn5 I dsn V gsn4 V dsp V gsn3 V gsp1 V gsp20 V gsn2 V gsn1 V gsp3 V dsn V gsp4 I dsp V gsp5 11
12 Current vs. V out, V in V in0 V in5 I dsn, I dsp V in1 V in4 V in2 V in3 V in3 V in4 V in2 V in1 V out 12
13 Load Line Analysis q For a given V in : Plot I dsn, I dsp vs. V out V out must be where currents are equal V in0 V in5 I dsn, I dsp V in1 V in4 V in2 V in3 V in3 V in4 V in2 V in1 V in I dsn V out I dsp V out 13
14 Load Line Analysis q V in = 0.2V0 0.4V 0.6V 0.8V DD V in0 V in5 I dsn, I dsp V in1 V in4 V in2 V in3 V in3 V in4 V in2 V in0 in1 V out out DD 14
15 DC Transfer Curve q Transcribe points onto V in vs. V out plot V in0 V in5 A B V in0 V in1 V in2 V in1 V in4 V out C V in2 V in3 V in3 V in4 V in2 V in1 0 V in3 D V in4 V E in5 V tn /2 +V tp V out V in 15
16 Operating Regions q Revisit transistor operating regions V in V out Region nmos pmos A Cutoff Linear B Saturation Linear C Saturation Saturation D Linear Saturation E Linear Cutoff V out A B 0 C D E V tn /2 +V tp V in 16
17 Beta Ratio q If β p / β n 1, switching point will move from /2 q Called skewed gate V out β p 0.1 β = n β p 10 β = n V in 17
18 Noise Margins q How much noise can a gate input see before it does not recognize the input? Logical High Output Range Output Characteristics V OH NM H Input Characteristics Logical High Input Range V IH V IL Indeterminate Region Logical Low Output Range V OL NM L GND Logical Low Input Range 18
19 Logic Levels q To maximize noise margins, select logic levels at unity gain point of DC transfer characteristic V out Unity Gain Points Slope = 1 V OH β p /β n > 1 V in V out V OL 0 V tn V IL V IH  V tp V in 19
20 Transient Response q DC analysis tells us V out if V in is constant q Transient analysis tells us V out (t) if V in (t) changes Requires solving differential equations q Input is usually considered to be a step or ramp From 0 to or vice versa 20
21 Inverter Step Response I q Ex: find step response of inverter driving load cap dsn V V in out dv () t = ut ( ( t < t ) out dt ( t) 0 = t) V 0 = V I DD dsn C DD () t load 0 t t0 β 2 ( t) = 2 ( VDD Vt ) Vout > VDD Vt Vout () t β VDD V t V () 2 out t Vo ut < VD D Vt V in (t) t 0 I dsn (t) V in (t) V out (t) V out (t) C load t 21
22 Delay Definitions q q q q q t pdr : rising propagation delay From input to rising output crossing /2 t pdf : falling propagation delay From input to falling output crossing /2 t pd : average propagation delay t pd = (t pdr + t pdf )/2 t r : rise time From output crossing 0.2 to 0.8 t f : fall time From output crossing 0.8 to
23 Delay Definitions q t cdr : rising contamination delay From input to rising output crossing /2 q t cdf : falling contamination delay From input to falling output crossing /2 q t cd : average contamination delay t pd = (t cdr + t cdf )/2 23
24 Simulated Inverter Delay q Solving differential equations by hand is too hard q SPICE simulator solves the equations numerically Uses more accurate IV models too! q But simulations take time to write, may hide insight (V) V in t pdf = 66ps t pdr = 83ps 0.5 V out p 400p 600p 800p 1n t(s) 24
25 Delay Estimation q We would like to be able to easily estimate delay Not as accurate as simulation But easier to ask What if? q The step response usually looks like a 1 st order RC response with a decaying exponential. q Use RC delay models to estimate delay C = total capacitance on output node Use effective resistance R So that t pd = RC q Characterize transistors by finding their effective R Depends on average current as gate switches 25
26 Effective Resistance q Shockley models have limited value Not accurate enough for modern transistors Too complicated for much hand analysis q Simplification: treat transistor as resistor Replace I ds (V ds, V gs ) with effective resistance R I ds = V ds /R R averaged across switching of digital gate q Too inaccurate to predict current at any given time But good enough to predict RC delay 26
27 RC Delay Model q Use equivalent circuits for MOS transistors Ideal switch + capacitance and ON resistance Unit nmos has resistance R, capacitance C Unit pmos has resistance 2R, capacitance C q Capacitance proportional to width q Resistance inversely proportional to width g d k s g R/k kc d s kc kc 27 g d k s g kc s d 2R/k kc kc
28 RC Values q Capacitance C = C g = C s = C d = 2 ff/µm of gate width in 0.6 µm Gradually decline to 1 ff/µm in 65 nm q Resistance R 10 KΩ µm in 0.6 µm process Improves with shorter channel lengths 1.25 KΩ µm in 65 nm process q Unit transistors May refer to minimum contacted device (4/2 λ) Or maybe 1 µm wide device Doesn t matter as long as you are consistent 28
29 Inverter Delay Estimate q Estimate the delay of a fanoutof1 inverter R 2C A 2 1 Y 2 1 R 2C C Y 2C C R 2C C 2C C C d = 6RC 29
30 Delay Model Comparison 30
31 Example: 3input NAND q Sketch a 3input NAND with transistor widths chosen to achieve effective rise and fall resistances equal to a unit inverter (R)
32 3input NAND Caps q Annotate the 3input NAND gate with gate and diffusion capacitance. 2C 2C 2C 2C 2C C 2C 5C 5C 5C 3C 3C 3C C 2C 9C 3C 3C 3C 3C 32
33 Elmore Delay q ON transistors look like resistors q Pullup or pulldown network modeled as RC ladder q Elmore delay of RC ladder t R C pd i to source i nodes i = RC + R + R C R + R R C ( ) ( ) R 1 R 2 R 3 R N N N C 1 C 2 C 3 C N 33
34 Example: 3input NAND q Estimate worstcase rising and falling delay of 3input NAND driving h identical gates h copies 3 3 n 1 9C n 2 3C 3C Y 5hC tpdr ( 9 5 ) = + h RC pdf ( 3 R R R R R R )( ) ( 3 3 )( 3 3) ( 9 5 ) ( 3 3 3) ( 12 5h) RC t = C + C h C + + = + 34
35 Delay Components q Delay has two parts Parasitic delay 9 or 12 RC Independent of load Effort delay 5h RC Proportional to load capacitance 35
36 Contamination Delay q q Bestcase (contamination) delay can be substantially less than propagation delay. Ex: If all three inputs fall simultaneously n 1 9C n 2 3C 3C Y 5hC R 5 tcdr = ( 9+ 5h) C = 3+ h RC
37 Diffusion Capacitance q We assumed contacted diffusion on every s / d. q Good layout minimizes diffusion area q Ex: NAND3 layout shares one diffusion contact Reduces output capacitance by 2C Merged uncontacted diffusion might help too Shared Contacted Diffusion Merged Uncontacted Diffusion 2C 2C Isolated Contacted Diffusion C 3C 3C 3C 3C 3 3C 37
38 Layout Comparison q Which layout is better? A B A B Y Y GND GND 38
39 Summary q Pass Transistors q DC Response q Logic Levels and Noise Margins q Transient Response q RC Delay Models q Delay Estimation 39
Lecture 5: DC & Transient Response
Lecture 5: DC & Transient Response Outline Pass Transistors DC Response Logic Levels and Noise Margins Transient Response RC Delay Models Delay Estimation 2 Pass Transistors We have assumed source is grounded
More informationLecture 6: DC & Transient Response
Lecture 6: DC & Transient Response Slides courtesy of Deming Chen Slides based on the initial set from David Harris CMOS VLSI Design Outline Pass Transistors DC Response Logic Levels and Noise Margins
More informationEE5780 Advanced VLSI CAD
EE5780 Advanced VLSI CAD Lecture 4 DC and Transient Responses, Circuit Delays Zhuo Feng 4.1 Outline Pass Transistors DC Response Logic Levels and Noise Margins Transient Response RC Delay Models Delay
More informationLecture 4: DC & Transient Response
Introduction to CMOS VLSI Design Lecture 4: DC & Transient Response David Harris Harvey Mudd College Spring 004 Outline DC Response Logic Levels and Noise Margins Transient Response Delay Estimation Slide
More informationDC and Transient. Courtesy of Dr. Daehyun Dr. Dr. Shmuel and Dr.
DC and Transient Courtesy of Dr. Daehyun Lim@WSU, Dr. Harris@HMC, Dr. Shmuel Wimer@BIU and Dr. Choi@PSU http://csce.uark.edu +1 (479) 575604 yrpeng@uark.edu Pass Transistors We have assumed source is
More information5. CMOS Gate Characteristics CS755
5. CMOS Gate Characteristics Last module: CMOS Transistor theory This module: DC Response Logic Levels and Noise Margins Transient Response Delay Estimation Transistor ehavior 1) If the width of a transistor
More informationDC & Transient Responses
ECEN454 Digital Integrated Circuit Design DC & Transient Responses ECEN 454 DC Response DC Response: vs. for a gate Ex: Inverter When = > = When = > = In between, depends on transistor size and current
More informationEEE 421 VLSI Circuits
EEE 421 CMOS Properties Full railtorail swing high noise margins» Logic levels not dependent upon the relative device sizes transistors can be minimum size ratioless Always a path to V dd or GND in steady
More informationCPE/EE 427, CPE 527 VLSI Design I Delay Estimation. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Alabama in Huntsville
CPE/EE 47, CPE 57 VLSI Design I Delay Estimation Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of labama in Huntsville leksandar Milenkovic ( www.ece.uah.edu/~milenka ) Review: CMOS Circuit
More informationLecture 12 CMOS Delay & Transient Response
EE 471: Transport Phenomena in Solid State Devices Spring 2018 Lecture 12 CMOS Delay & Transient Response Bryan Ackland Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Stevens Institute of Technology
More informationMOS Transistor Theory
MOS Transistor Theory So far, we have viewed a MOS transistor as an ideal switch (digital operation) Reality: less than ideal EE 261 Krish Chakrabarty 1 Introduction So far, we have treated transistors
More informationDC and Transient Responses (i.e. delay) (some comments on power too!)
DC and Transient Responses (i.e. delay) (some comments on power too!) Michael Niemier (Some slides based on lecture notes by David Harris) 1 Lecture 02  CMOS Transistor Theory & the Effects of Scaling
More informationMOS Transistor Theory
CHAPTER 3 MOS Transistor Theory Outline 2 1. Introduction 2. Ideal IV Characteristics 3. Nonideal IV Effects 4. CV Characteristics 5. DC Transfer Characteristics 6. Switchlevel RC Delay Models MOS
More informationDelay and Power Estimation
EEN454 Digital Integrated ircuit Design Delay and Power Estimation EEN 454 Delay Estimation We would like to be able to easily estimate delay Not as accurate as simulation But make it easier to ask What
More informationOutline. Chapter 2: DC & Transient Response. Introduction to CMOS VLSI. DC Response. Transient Response Delay Estimation
Inroducion o CMOS VLSI Design Chaper : DC & Transien Response David Harris, 004 Updaed by Li Chen, 010 Ouline DC Response Logic Levels and Noise Margins Transien Response Delay Esimaion Slide 1 Aciviy
More informationCMPEN 411 VLSI Digital Circuits. Lecture 04: CMOS Inverter (static view)
CMPEN 411 VLSI Digital Circuits Lecture 04: CMOS Inverter (static view) Kyusun Choi [Adapted from Rabaey s Digital Integrated Circuits, Second Edition, 2003 J. Rabaey, A. Chandrakasan, B. Nikolic] CMPEN
More informationTopic 4. The CMOS Inverter
Topic 4 The CMOS Inverter Peter Cheung Department of Electrical & Electronic Engineering Imperial College London URL: www.ee.ic.ac.uk/pcheung/ Email: p.cheung@ic.ac.uk Topic 41 Noise in Digital Integrated
More informationLecture 4: CMOS Transistor Theory
Introduction to CMOS VLSI Design Lecture 4: CMOS Transistor Theory David Harris, Harvey Mudd College Kartik Mohanram and Steven Levitan University of Pittsburgh Outline q Introduction q MOS Capacitor q
More informationENGR890 Digital VLSI Design Fall Lecture 4: CMOS Inverter (static view)
ENGR89 Digital VLSI Design Fall 5 Lecture 4: CMOS Inverter (static view) [Adapted from Chapter 5 of Digital Integrated Circuits, 3, J. Rabaey et al.] [Also borrowed from Vijay Narayanan and Mary Jane Irwin]
More informationBased on slides/material by. Topic 34. Combinational Logic. Outline. The CMOS Inverter: A First Glance
ased on slides/material by Topic 3 J. Rabaey http://bwrc.eecs.berkeley.edu/lasses/icook/instructors.html Digital Integrated ircuits: Design Perspective, Prentice Hall D. Harris http://www.cmosvlsi.com/coursematerials.html
More informationIntroduction to CMOS VLSI. Chapter 2: CMOS Transistor Theory. Harris, 2004 Updated by Li Chen, Outline
Introduction to MOS VLSI Design hapter : MOS Transistor Theory copyright@david Harris, 004 Updated by Li hen, 010 Outline Introduction MOS apacitor nmos IV haracteristics pmos IV haracteristics Gate and
More informationECE 546 Lecture 10 MOS Transistors
ECE 546 Lecture 10 MOS Transistors Spring 2018 Jose E. SchuttAine Electrical & Computer Engineering University of Illinois jesa@illinois.edu NMOS Transistor NMOS Transistor NChannel MOSFET Built on ptype
More informationTHE INVERTER. Inverter
THE INVERTER DIGITAL GATES Fundamental Parameters Functionality Reliability, Robustness Area Performance» Speed (delay)» Power Consumption» Energy Noise in Digital Integrated Circuits v(t) V DD i(t) (a)
More informationECE 342 Solid State Devices & Circuits 4. CMOS
ECE 34 Solid State Devices & Circuits 4. CMOS Jose E. SchuttAine Electrical & Computer Engineering University of Illinois jschutt@emlab.uiuc.edu ECE 34 Jose Schutt Aine 1 Digital Circuits V IH : Input
More information4.10 The CMOS Digital Logic Inverter
11/11/2004 section 4_10 The CMOS Digital Inverter blank.doc 1/1 4.10 The CMOS Digital Logic Inverter Reading Assignment: pp. 336346 Complementary MOSFET (CMOS) is the predominant technology for constructing
More informationVery Large Scale Integration (VLSI)
Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Lecture 4 Dr. Ahmed H. Madian Ah_madian@hotmail.com Dr. Ahmed H. MadianVLSI Contents Delay estimation Simple RC model PenfieldRubenstein Model Logical effort Delay
More informationLecture 12 Digital Circuits (II) MOS INVERTER CIRCUITS
Lecture 12 Digital Circuits (II) MOS INVERTER CIRCUITS Outline NMOS inverter with resistor pullup The inverter NMOS inverter with currentsource pullup Complementary MOS (CMOS) inverter Static analysis
More informationLecture 11 VTCs and Delay. No lab today, Mon., Tues. Labs restart next week. Midterm #1 Tues. Oct. 7 th, 6:308:00pm in 105 Northgate
EE4Fall 2008 Digital Integrated Circuits Lecture VTCs and Delay Lecture # Announcements No lab today, Mon., Tues. Labs restart next week Midterm # Tues. Oct. 7 th, 6:308:00pm in 05 Northgate Exam is
More informationECE321 Electronics I
ECE31 Electronics Lecture 1: CMOS nverter: Noise Margin & Delay Model Payman ZarkeshHa Office: ECE Bldg. 30B Office hours: Tuesday :003:00PM or by appointment Email: payman@ece.unm.edu Slide: 1 CMOS
More informationCMOS Inverter (static view)
Review: Design Abstraction Levels SYSTEM CMOS Inverter (static view) + MODULE GATE [Adapted from Chapter 5. 5.3 CIRCUIT of G DEVICE Rabaey s Digital Integrated Circuits,, J. Rabaey et al.] S D Review:
More informationEEC 116 Lecture #5: CMOS Logic. Rajeevan Amirtharajah Bevan Baas University of California, Davis Jeff Parkhurst Intel Corporation
EEC 116 Lecture #5: CMOS Logic Rajeevan mirtharajah Bevan Baas University of California, Davis Jeff Parkhurst Intel Corporation nnouncements Quiz 1 today! Lab 2 reports due this week Lab 3 this week HW
More informationLecture 13  Digital Circuits (II) MOS Inverter Circuits. March 20, 2003
6.012 Microelectronic Devices and Circuits Spring 2003 Lecture 131 Lecture 13 Digital Circuits (II) MOS Inverter Circuits March 20, 2003 Contents: 1. NMOS inverter with resistor pullup (cont.) 2. NMOS
More informationEEC 118 Lecture #6: CMOS Logic. Rajeevan Amirtharajah University of California, Davis Jeff Parkhurst Intel Corporation
EEC 118 Lecture #6: CMOS Logic Rajeevan mirtharajah University of California, Davis Jeff Parkhurst Intel Corporation nnouncements Quiz 1 today! Lab 2 reports due this week Lab 3 this week HW 3 due this
More informationMidterm. ESE 570: Digital Integrated Circuits and VLSI Fundamentals. Lecture Outline. Pass Transistor Logic. Restore Output.
ESE 570: Digital Integrated Circuits and VLSI Fundamentals Lec 16: March 21, 2017 Transmission Gates, Euler Paths, Energy Basics Review Midterm! Midterm " Mean: 79.5 " Standard Dev: 14.5 2 Lecture Outline!
More informationCHAPTER 15 CMOS DIGITAL LOGIC CIRCUITS
CHAPTER 5 CMOS DIGITAL LOGIC CIRCUITS Chapter Outline 5. CMOS Logic Gate Circuits 5. Digital Logic Inverters 5.3 The CMOS Inverter 5.4 Dynamic Operation of the CMOS Inverter 5.5 Transistor Sizing 5.6 Power
More informationLecture 12 Circuits numériques (II)
Lecture 12 Circuits numériques (II) Circuits inverseurs MOS Outline NMOS inverter with resistor pullup The inverter NMOS inverter with currentsource pullup Complementary MOS (CMOS) inverter Static analysis
More informationIntegrated Circuits & Systems
Federal University of Santa Catarina Center for Technology Computer Science & Electronics Engineering Integrated Circuits & Systems INE 5442 Lecture 12 The CMOS Inverter: static behavior guntzel@inf.ufsc.br
More informationMOSFET and CMOS Gate. Copy Right by Wentai Liu
MOSFET and CMOS Gate CMOS Inverter DC Analysis  Voltage Transfer Curve (VTC) Find (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) V OH min, V V OL min, V V IH min, V V IL min, V OHmax OLmax IHmax ILmax NM L = V ILmax V OL max
More informationThe CMOS Inverter: A First Glance
The CMOS Inverter: A First Glance V DD S D V in V out C L D S CMOS Inverter N Well V DD V DD PMOS 2λ PMOS Contacts In Out In Out Metal 1 NMOS Polysilicon NMOS GND CMOS Inverter: Steady State Response V
More informationVLSI Design and Simulation
VLSI Design and Simulation CMOS Inverters Topics Inverter VTC Noise Margin Static Load Inverters CMOS Inverter FirstOrder DC Analysis R p V OL = 0 V OH = R n =0 = CMOS Inverter: Transient Response R p
More information5.0 CMOS Inverter. W.Kucewicz VLSICirciuit Design 1
5.0 CMOS Inverter W.Kucewicz VLSICirciuit Design 1 Properties Switching Threshold Dynamic Behaviour Capacitance Propagation Delay nmos/pmos Ratio Power Consumption Contents W.Kucewicz VLSICirciuit Design
More informationLecture 14  Digital Circuits (III) CMOS. April 1, 2003
6.12  Microelectronic Devices and Circuits  Spring 23 Lecture 141 Lecture 14  Digital Circuits (III) CMOS April 1, 23 Contents: 1. Complementary MOS (CMOS) inverter: introduction 2. CMOS inverter:
More informationESE 570: Digital Integrated Circuits and VLSI Fundamentals
ESE 570: Digital Integrated Circuits and VLSI Fundamentals Lec 15: March 15, 2018 Euler Paths, Energy Basics and Optimization Midterm! Midterm " Mean: 89.7 " Standard Dev: 8.12 2 Lecture Outline! Euler
More informationEE5311 Digital IC Design
EE5311 Digital IC Design Module 3  The Inverter Janakiraman V Assistant Professor Department of Electrical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras Chennai September 6, 2017 Janakiraman, IITM
More informationDigital Microelectronic Circuits ( ) The CMOS Inverter. Lecture 4: Presented by: Adam Teman
Digital Microelectronic Circuits (3611301 ) Presented by: Adam Teman Lecture 4: The CMOS Inverter 1 Last Lectures Moore s Law Terminology» Static Properties» Dynamic Properties» Power The MOSFET Transistor»
More informationDigital Integrated Circuits
Chapter 6 The CMOS Inverter 1 Contents Introduction (MOST models) 0, 1 st, 2 nd order The CMOS inverter : The static behavior: o DC transfer characteristics, o Shortcircuit current The CMOS inverter :
More informationECE 438: Digital Integrated Circuits Assignment #4 Solution The Inverter
ECE 438: Digital Integrated Circuits Assignment #4 The Inverter Text: Chapter 5, Digital Integrated Circuits 2 nd Ed, Rabaey 1) Consider the CMOS inverter circuit in Figure P1 with the following parameters.
More informationFig. 1 CMOS Transistor Circuits (a) Inverter Out = NOT In, (b) NORgate C = NOT (A or B)
1 Introduction to TransistorLevel Logic Circuits 1 By Prawat Nagvajara At the transistor level of logic circuits, transistors operate as switches with the logic variables controlling the open or closed
More informationName: Answers. Grade: Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 Total. ESE370 Fall 2015
University of Pennsylvania Department of Electrical and System Engineering CircuitLevel Modeling, Design, and Optimization for Digital Systems ESE370, Fall 2015 Midterm 1 Monday, September 28 5 problems
More informationLecture Outline. ESE 570: Digital Integrated Circuits and VLSI Fundamentals. Review: 1st Order RC Delay Models. Review: TwoInput NOR Gate (NOR2)
ESE 570: Digital Integrated Circuits and VLSI Fundamentals Lec 14: March 1, 2016 Combination Logic: Ratioed and Pass Logic Lecture Outline! CMOS Gates Review " CMOS Worst Case Analysis! Ratioed Logic Gates!
More informationChapter 9. Estimating circuit speed. 9.1 Counting gate delays
Chapter 9 Estimating circuit speed 9.1 Counting gate delays The simplest method for estimating the speed of a VLSI circuit is to count the number of VLSI logic gates that the input signals must propagate
More informationStatic CMOS Circuits. Example 1
Static CMOS Circuits Conventional (ratioless) static CMOS Covered so far Ratioed logic (depletion load, pseudo nmos) Pass transistor logic ECE 261 Krish Chakrabarty 1 Example 1 module mux(input s, d0,
More informationMiscellaneous Lecture topics. Mary Jane Irwin [Adapted from Rabaey s Digital Integrated Circuits, 2002, J. Rabaey et al.]
Miscellaneous Lecture topics Mary Jane Irwin [dapted from Rabaey s Digital Integrated Circuits, 2002, J. Rabaey et al.] MOS Switches MOS transistors can be viewed as simple switches. In an NSwitch, the
More informationand V DS V GS V T (the saturation region) I DS = k 2 (V GS V T )2 (1+ V DS )
ECE 4420 Spring 2005 Page 1 FINAL EXAMINATION NAME SCORE /100 Problem 1O 2 3 4 5 6 7 Sum Points INSTRUCTIONS: This exam is closed book. You are permitted four sheets of notes (three of which are your sheets
More informationCPE/EE 427, CPE 527 VLSI Design I L06: CMOS Inverter, CMOS Logic Gates. Course Administration. CMOS Inverter: A First Look
CPE/EE 47, CPE 57 VLSI esign I L6: CMOS Inverter, CMOS Logic Gates epartment of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of labama in Huntsville leksandar Milenkovic ( www.ece.uah.edu/~milenka )
More information9/18/2008 GMU, ECE 680 Physical VLSI Design
ECE680: Physical VLSI Design Chapter III CMOS Device, Inverter, Combinational circuit Logic and Layout Part 3 Combinational Logic Gates (textbook chapter 6) 9/18/2008 GMU, ECE 680 Physical VLSI Design
More informationCARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING DIGITAL INTEGRATED CIRCUITS FALL 2002
CARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING 18322 DIGITAL INTEGRATED CIRCUITS FALL 2002 Final Examination, Monday Dec. 16, 2002 NAME: SECTION: Time: 180 minutes Closed
More informationEE5311 Digital IC Design
EE5311 Digital IC Design Module 3  The Inverter Janakiraman V Assistant Professor Department of Electrical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras Chennai September 3, 2018 Janakiraman, IITM
More informationCMOS Inverter: CPE/EE 427, CPE 527 VLSI Design I L06: CMOS Inverter, CMOS Logic Gates. Course Administration. CMOS Properties.
CMOS Inverter: Steady State Response CPE/EE 47, CPE 57 VLSI esign I L6: CMOS Inverter, CMOS Logic Gates R p V OL = V OH = V M = f(r n, R p ) epartment of Electrical and Computer Engineering University
More informationMOS Transistor IV Characteristics and Parasitics
ECEN454 Digital Integrated Circuit Design MOS Transistor IV Characteristics and Parasitics ECEN 454 Facts about Transistors So far, we have treated transistors as ideal switches An ON transistor passes
More informationEE 466/586 VLSI Design. Partha Pande School of EECS Washington State University
EE 466/586 VLSI Design Partha Pande School of EECS Washington State University pande@eecs.wsu.edu Lecture 9 Propagation delay Power and delay Tradeoffs Follow board notes Propagation Delay Switching Time
More information2007 Fall: Electronic Circuits 2 CHAPTER 10. DeogKyoon Jeong School of Electrical Engineering
007 Fall: Electronic Circuits CHAPTER 10 Digital CMOS Logic Circuits DeogKyoon Jeong dkjeong@snu.ac.kr k School of Electrical Engineering Seoul lnational luniversity it Introduction In this chapter, we
More informationDigital Integrated Circuits A Design Perspective
igital Integrated Circuits esign Perspective esigning Combinational Logic Circuits 1 Combinational vs. Sequential Logic In Combinational Logic Circuit Out In Combinational Logic Circuit Out State Combinational
More informationLecture 7 Circuit Delay, Area and Power
Lecture 7 Circuit Delay, Area and Power lecture notes from S. Mitra Intro VLSI System course (EE271) Introduction to VLSI Systems 1 Circuits and Delay Introduction to VLSI Systems 2 Power, Delay and Area:
More informationESE 570: Digital Integrated Circuits and VLSI Fundamentals
ESE 570: Digital Integrated Circuits and VLSI Fundamentals Lec 15: March 3, 2016 Combination Logic: Ratioed & Pass Logic, and Performance Lecture Outline! CMOS NOR2 Worst Case Analysis! Pass Transistor
More informationIntegrated Circuits & Systems
Federal University of Santa Catarina Center for Technology Computer Science & Electronics Engineering Integrated Circuits & Systems INE 5442 Lecture 16 CMOS Combinational Circuits  2 guntzel@inf.ufsc.br
More informationCMOS Logic Gates. University of Connecticut 181
CMOS Logic Gates University of Connecticut 181 Basic CMOS Inverter Operation V IN P O N O pchannel enhancementtype MOSFET; V T < 0 nchannel enhancementtype MOSFET; V T > 0 If V IN 0, N O is cut off and
More informationCMOS INVERTER. Last Lecture. Metrics for qualifying digital circuits. »Cost» Reliability» Speed (delay)»performance
CMOS INVERTER Last Lecture Metrics for qualifying digital circuits»cost» Reliability» Speed (delay)»performance 1 Today s lecture The CMOS inverter at a glance An MOS transistor model for manual analysis
More informationEE 434 Lecture 33. Logic Design
EE 434 Lecture 33 Logic Design Review from last time: Ask the inverter how it will interpret logic levels V IN V OUT V H =? V L =? V LARGE V H V L V H Review from last time: The twoinverter loop X Y X
More informationThe Physical Structure (NMOS)
The Physical Structure (NMOS) Al SiO2 Field Oxide Gate oxide S n+ Polysilicon Gate Al SiO2 SiO2 D n+ L channel P Substrate Field Oxide contact Metal (S) n+ (G) L W n+ (D) Poly 1 Transistor Resistance Two
More informationCS/EE Ntype Transistor
CS/EE 6710 MOS Transistor Models Electrical Effects Propagation Delay Ntype Transistor D + G Vds i electrons +Vgs S  1 Another Cutaway View Thanks to National Central University for Some images Vgs Forms
More informationCMOS Logic Gates. University of Connecticut 172
CMOS Logic Gates University of Connecticut 172 Basic CMOS Inverter Operation V IN P O N O pchannel enhancementtype MOSFET; V T < 0 nchannel enhancementtype MOSFET; V T > 0 If V IN 0, N O is cut off and
More informationECE 425 Midterm Overview. Fall 2017
ECE 425 Midterm Overview Fall 2017 Overview q Midterm (20% of total grade) Oct 24 th 3:305:00pm in class q Materials Lecture 1 through 11 MP0, MP1 HW1, HW2 Practice exam q Rules 1 page of cheat sheet,
More informationProperties of CMOS Gates Snapshot
MOS logic 1 Properties of MOS Gates Snapshot High noise margins: V OH and V OL are at V DD and GND, respectively. No static power consumption: There never exists a direct path between V DD and V SS (GND)
More informationCMOS logic gates. João Canas Ferreira. March University of Porto Faculty of Engineering
CMOS logic gates João Canas Ferreira University of Porto Faculty of Engineering March 2016 Topics 1 General structure 2 General properties 3 Cell layout João Canas Ferreira (FEUP) CMOS logic gates March
More informationUNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY College of Engineering Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY College of Engineering Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences Elad Alon Homework #2 EECS141 Due Thursday, September 9, 5pm, box in 240 Cory PROBLEM
More informationEECS 141: FALL 05 MIDTERM 1
University of California College of Engineering Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences D. Markovic TuTh 111:3 Thursday, October 6, 6:38:pm EECS 141: FALL 5 MIDTERM 1 NAME Last SOLUTION
More informationStep 1. Finding V M. Goal: Þnd V M = input voltage for the output = V M both transistors are saturated at V IN = V M since
Step 1. Finding V M Goal: Þnd V M = input voltage for the output = V M both transistors are saturated at V IN = V M since V DSn = V M  0 > V M  V Tn V SDp = V DD  V M = (V DD  V M ) V Tp Equate drain
More informationThe CMOS Inverter: A First Glance
The CMOS Inverter: A First Glance V DD V in V out C L CMOS Properties Full railtorail swing Symmetrical VTC Propagation delay function of load capacitance and resistance of transistors No static power
More informationVLSI GATE LEVEL DESIGN UNIT  III P.VIDYA SAGAR ( ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR) Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, VBIT
VLSI UNIT  III GATE LEVEL DESIGN P.VIDYA SAGAR ( ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR) contents GATE LEVEL DESIGN : Logic Gates and Other complex gates, Switch logic, Alternate gate circuits, Time Delays, Driving large
More informationE40M Capacitors. M. Horowitz, J. Plummer, R. Howe
E40M Capacitors 1 Reading Reader: Chapter 6 Capacitance A & L: 9.1.1, 9.2.1 2 Why Are Capacitors Useful/Important? How do we design circuits that respond to certain frequencies? What determines how fast
More informationECE 342 Electronic Circuits. Lecture 35 CMOS Delay Model
ECE 34 Electronic Circuits Lecture 35 CMOS Delay Model Jose E. SchuttAine Electrical & Computer Engineering University of Illinois jesa@illinois.edu ECE 34 Jose Schutt Aine 1 Digital Circuits V IH : Input
More informationHomework Assignment #3 EE 477 Spring 2017 Professor Parker , .. = 1.8 , 345 = 0 
Homework Assignment #3 EE 477 Spring 2017 Professor Parker Note:! " = $ " % &' ( ) * ),! + = $ + % &' (, *,, .. = 1.8 , 345 = 0  Question 1: a) (8%) Define the terms V OHmin, V IHmin, V ILmax and V
More informationENEE 359a Digital VLSI Design
SLIDE 1 ENEE 359a Digital VLSI Design & Logical Effort Prof. blj@ece.umd.edu Credit where credit is due: Slides contain original artwork ( Jacob 2004) as well as material taken liberally from Irwin & Vijay
More informationVLSI Design, Fall Logical Effort. Jacob Abraham
6. Logical Effort 6. Logical Effort Jacob Abraham Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering The University of Texas at Austin VLSI Design Fall 207 September 20, 207 ECE Department, University of
More informationEE 330 Lecture 37. Digital Circuits. Other Logic Families. Propagation Delay basic characterization Device Sizing (Inverter and multipleinput gates)
EE 330 Lecture 37 Digital Circuits Other Logic Families Static Power Dissipation Propagation Delay basic characterization Device Sizing (Inverter and multipleinput gates) Review from Last Time Inverter
More informationLecture 3: CMOS Transistor Theory
Lecture 3: CMOS Transistor Theory Outline Introduction MOS Capacitor nmos IV Characteristics pmos IV Characteristics Gate and Diffusion Capacitance 2 Introduction So far, we have treated transistors
More informationDigital Integrated Circuits A Design Perspective
Digital Integrated Circuits Design Perspective Jan M. Rabaey nantha Chandrakasan orivoje Nikolić Designing Combinational Logic Circuits November 2002. 1 Combinational vs. Sequential Logic In Combinational
More informationEE115C Digital Electronic Circuits Homework #3
Electrical Engineering Department Spring 1 EE115C Digital Electronic Circuits Homework #3 Due Thursday, April, 6pm @ 56147E EIV Solution Problem 1 VTC and Inverter Analysis Figure 1a shows a standard
More informationESE 570: Digital Integrated Circuits and VLSI Fundamentals
ESE 570: Digital Integrated Circuits and VLSI Fundamentals Lec 8: February 9, 016 MOS Inverter: Static Characteristics Lecture Outline! Voltage Transfer Characteristic (VTC) " Static Discipline Noise Margins!
More informationECE 342 Electronic Circuits. 3. MOS Transistors
ECE 342 Electronic Circuits 3. MOS Transistors Jose E. SchuttAine Electrical & Computer Engineering University of Illinois jschutt@emlab.uiuc.edu 1 NMOS Transistor Typically L = 0.1 to 3 m, W = 0.2 to
More informationChapter 5. The Inverter. V1. April 10, 03 V1.1 April 25, 03 V2.1 Nov Inverter
Chapter 5 The Inverter V1. April 10, 03 V1.1 April 25, 03 V2.1 Nov.12 03 Objective of This Chapter Use Inverter to know basic CMOS Circuits Operations Watch for performance Index such as Speed (Delay calculation)
More informationTHE CMOS INVERTER CHAPTER. Quantification of integrity, performance, and energy metrics of an inverter Optimization of an inverter design
chapter5.fm Page 176 Friday, January 18, 2002 9:01 M CHPTER 5 THE CMOS INVERTER Quantification of integrity, performance, and energy metrics of an inverter Optimization of an inverter design 5.1 Introduction
More informationEE141Microelettronica. CMOS Logic
Microelettronica CMOS Logic CMOS logic Power consumption in CMOS logic gates Where Does Power Go in CMOS? Dynamic Power Consumption Charging and Discharging Capacitors Short Circuit Currents Short Circuit
More informationLecture 5: CMOS Transistor Theory
Lecture 5: CMOS Transistor Theory Slides courtesy of Deming Chen Slides based on the initial set from David Harris CMOS VLSI Design Outline q q q q q q q Introduction MOS Capacitor nmos IV Characteristics
More informationDesigning Information Devices and Systems II Fall 2017 Miki Lustig and Michel Maharbiz Homework 1. This homework is due September 5, 2017, at 11:59AM.
EECS 16 Designing Information Devices and Systems II Fall 017 Miki Lustig and Michel Maharbiz Homework 1 This homework is due September 5, 017, at 11:59M. 1. Fundamental Theorem of Solutions to Differential
More informationEE115C Digital Electronic Circuits Homework #4
EE115 Digital Electronic ircuits Homework #4 Problem 1 Power Dissipation Solution Vdd =1.0V onsider the source follower circuit used to drive a load L =20fF shown above. M1 and M2 are both NMOS transistors
More informationEEC 118 Lecture #5: CMOS Inverter AC Characteristics. Rajeevan Amirtharajah University of California, Davis Jeff Parkhurst Intel Corporation
EEC 8 Lecture #5: CMOS Inverter AC Characteristics Rajeevan Amirtharajah University of California, Davis Jeff Parkhurst Intel Corporation Acknowledgments Slides due to Rajit Manohar from ECE 547 Advanced
More informationEE213, Spr 2017 HW#3 Due: May 17 th, in class. Figure 1
RULES: Please try to work on your own. Discussion is permissible, but identical submissions are unacceptable! Please show all intermediate steps: a correct solution without an explanation will get zero
More informationESE570 Spring University of Pennsylvania Department of Electrical and System Engineering Digital Integrated Cicruits AND VLSI Fundamentals
University of Pennsylvania Department of Electrical and System Engineering Digital Integrated Cicruits AND VLSI Fundamentals ESE570, Spring 2018 Final Monday, Apr 0 5 Problems with point weightings shown.
More information