M14/4/PHYSI/HPM/ENG/TZ1/XX. Physics Higher level Paper 1. Wednesday 7 May 2014 (morning) 1 hour INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES

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1 M14/4/PHYSI/HPM/ENG/TZ1/XX Physics Higher level Paper 1 Wednesday 7 May 14 (morning) 1 hour INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES Do not open this examination paper until instructed to do so. Answer all the questions. For each question, choose the answer you consider to be the best and indicate your choice on the answer sheet provided. A clean copy of the Physics Data Booklet is required for this paper. The maximum mark for this examination paper is [4 marks] pages International Baccalaureate Organization 14

2 M14/4/PHYSI/HPM/ENG/TZ1/XX 1. The force of air resistance F that acts on a car moving at speed v is given by a constant. What is the unit of k? F = kv where k is A. kg m 1 B. kg m s kg m D. kg m s. The volume V of a cylinder of radius R and height H is given by V=π RH. The volume of the cylinder was measured with an uncertainty of 1 % and the height was measured with an uncertainty of 6 %. What is the uncertainty in the radius of the cylinder? A. 1 % B. % 4 % D. 8 % 3. A body moves on a straight line. The graphs show the variation of displacement with time. Which graph shows motion with non-zero acceleration and non-zero initial velocity? A. displacement B. displacement time time displacement D. displacement time time

3 3 M14/4/PHYSI/HPM/ENG/TZ1/XX 4. The graph shows how the net force F that acts on a body varies with the distance x that the body has travelled F / N x / m After travelling 6 m, the change in the kinetic energy of the body is A. J. B. J. 3 J. D. 6 J Turn over

4 5. Two blocks of weight 5 N and N are attached to two ropes, X and Y. 4 M14/4/PHYSI/HPM/ENG/TZ1/XX X 5 N Y N The blocks hang vertically. The mass of the ropes is negligible. What is the tension in X and the tension in Y? Tension in X Tension in Y A. 7 N 7 N B. 7 N N 5 N N D. 5 N 3 N 6. The maximum speed with which a car can take a circular turn of radius R is v. The maximum speed with which the same car, under the same conditions, can take a circular turn of radius R is A. v. B. v. 4v. D. v

5 5 M14/4/PHYSI/HPM/ENG/TZ1/XX 7. A ball of mass m is projected horizontally with speed v from a height h above the floor. Air resistance is negligible. v h The horizontal distance travelled by the ball to the point where it lands on the floor depends on A. m and h only. B. m and v only. h and v only. D. m, h and v. 8. A field line is normal to an equipotential surface A. for both electric and gravitational fields. B. for electric but not gravitational fields. for gravitational but not electric fields. D. for neither electric nor gravitational fields Turn over

6 6 M14/4/PHYSI/HPM/ENG/TZ1/XX 9. The magnitude of the potential at the surface of a planet is V. What is the escape speed from the surface of the planet? A. V B. V VR D. VR 1. A fixed mass of water is heated by an electric heater of unknown power P. The following quantities are measured I. mass of water II. increase in water temperature III. time for which water is heated. In order to calculate P, the specific heat capacity of the water is required. Which are also required? A. I and II only B. I and III only II and III only D. I, II and III 11. A block of iron of mass 1 kg and temperature 1 C is brought into contact with a block of iron of mass kg and temperature 7 C. No energy transfer takes place except between the two blocks. What will be the final temperature of both blocks? A. 3 C B. 4 C 5 C D. 6 C

7 7 M14/4/PHYSI/HPM/ENG/TZ1/XX 1. The pressure volume (P V) graph shows an adiabatic compression of a fixed mass of an ideal gas. P V Which of the following correctly describes what happens to the temperature and the internal energy of the gas during the compression? Temperature Internal energy A. decreases decreases B. increases no change decreases no change D. increases increases 13. An ideal gas expands at constant pressure. The graph shows the relationship between pressure P and volume V for this change. 8 6 P / 1 5 Pa V / 1 3 m 3 The change in the internal energy of the gas during this expansion is 18 J. What is the amount and the direction of thermal energy transferred? A. 3 J into the gas B. 3 J out of the gas 6 J into the gas D. 6 J out of the gas Turn over

8 8 M14/4/PHYSI/HPM/ENG/TZ1/XX 14. A wave of period 5. ms travels through a medium. The graph shows the variation with distance d of the displacement x of points in the medium. 1 x / cm d / m What is the average speed of a point in the medium during one full oscillation? A. m s 1 B. 4. m s 1 16 m s 1 D. 4 m s A body undergoes simple harmonic motion. Which graph correctly shows the variation with displacement x of the velocity v of the body? A. v B. v x x v D. v x x

9 9 M14/4/PHYSI/HPM/ENG/TZ1/XX 16. Two loudspeakers, L 1 and L, emit identical sound waves. L 1 P= 3.1 m L P= 3.7 m P L 1 L 1 Q = 3. m L L Q = 3.5 m (not to scale) Q The waves leaving L 1 and L are in phase and are observed at points P and Q. The wavelength of the sound is.6 m. The distances of points P and Q from the loudspeakers are shown in the diagram. Which of the following is true about the intensity of the sound at P and the intensity of the sound at Q? A. B. D. Intensity at P maximum maximum minimum minimum Intensity at Q maximum minimum maximum minimum Turn over

10 1 M14/4/PHYSI/HPM/ENG/TZ1/XX 17. The diagram shows the fundamental (first harmonic) of a standing (stationary) sound wave in a pipe open at one end. At any instant, all the molecules of air in the pipe oscillate with the same A. phase. B. amplitude. velocity. D. acceleration

11 11 M14/4/PHYSI/HPM/ENG/TZ1/XX 18. Monochromatic coherent light is incident on a narrow rectangular slit. The diffracted light is observed on a distant screen. The graph below shows how the intensity of the light varies with position on the screen. intensity position The width of the slit is reduced. Which graph shows how the intensity of light observed varies with position on the screen? The original diffraction pattern is shown with a dotted line. A. intensity B. intensity position position intensity D. intensity position position Turn over

12 1 M14/4/PHYSI/HPM/ENG/TZ1/XX 19. Light of wavelength λ is emitted from a nearby galaxy. The light is received on Earth and the wavelength is measured to be λ where λ < λ. Which of the following correctly describes the speed and direction of motion of the galaxy? A. B. D. Speed λ λ c λ λ λ λ c λ λ c λ λ λ λ c Direction towards earth towards earth away from earth away from earth

13 13 M14/4/PHYSI/HPM/ENG/TZ1/XX. Unpolarized light of intensity I is incident on a polarizer that has a vertical transmission axis. polarizer θ transmitted light, intensity I unpolarized light, intensity I The polarizer is rotated by an angle θ about the direction of the incident light. The intensity of the I transmitted light is I. Which graph correctly shows the variation with the angle θ of the ratio I? A. I / I B. I / I π π θ π π θ I / I D. I / I π π θ π π θ Turn over

14 14 M14/4/PHYSI/HPM/ENG/TZ1/XX 1. Two resistors of resistance 1 Ω and Ω are connected in parallel to a cell of negligible internal resistance. 1 Ω Ω The energy dissipated in the 1 Ω resistor in one second is Q. What is the energy dissipated in one second in the Ω resistor? A. B. Q 4 Q Q D. 4Q. A battery of emf 1 V and negligible internal resistance is connected to a resistor of constant resistance 6 Ω, an ideal ammeter and an ideal voltmeter. 1 V A V 6 Ω What is the reading on the ammeter and on the voltmeter? Ammeter reading / A Voltmeter reading / V A.. B.. 1 D

15 15 M14/4/PHYSI/HPM/ENG/TZ1/XX 3. Two negatively charged particles are released from rest half-way between two oppositely charged parallel plates in vacuum vacuum The particles take the same time to reach the positively charged plate. The particles must have the same A. charge only. B. mass only. mass and charge. D. ratio of mass to charge. 4. Three parallel wires, X, Y and Z, carry equal currents. The currents in X and Z are directed into the page. The current in Y is directed out of the page. X Y Z Which arrow shows the direction of the magnetic force experienced by wire Z? A. B. D Turn over

16 16 M14/4/PHYSI/HPM/ENG/TZ1/XX 5. The graph shows the variation with time t of the power P produced in a coil that is rotating in a region of uniform magnetic field P / kw t / ms Which of the following describes the average power produced and the period of rotation of the coil? Average power Period A. 6 kw 5. ms B. 6 kw 1 ms 1 kw 5. ms D. 1 kw 1 ms

17 17 M14/4/PHYSI/HPM/ENG/TZ1/XX 6. A bar magnet is close to a coil. No other magnetic fields are present. An ammeter is connected to the coil. N S A The magnet and the coil are moved in the following ways. I. The magnet and the coil both move to the right with the same speed. II. The magnet is stationary and the coil moves to the left. III. The coil is stationary and the magnet moves to the right. In which of the following will the ammeter indicate a current? A. I and II only B. I and III only II and III only D. I only 7. The binding energy per nucleon of a 3 1H nucleus is 3 MeV. What is the minimum energy needed to completely separate the nucleons of 3 H? 1 A. 1 MeV B. 9 MeV 6 MeV D. 3 MeV Turn over

18 18 M14/4/PHYSI/HPM/ENG/TZ1/XX 8. A radioactive sample has activity A at t =. What will be the activity of the sample after two half-lives? A. zero B. A 4 A less than if the sample is kept at high pressure 4 D. A greater than if the sample is kept at high temperature 4 9. The arrows below indicate transitions involving three energy levels of an atom. The wavelength of the photon emitted in each transition is indicated. E λ 1 λ λ 3 Which of the following relationships between the wavelengths is correct? A. λ1= λ+ λ3 B. λ1= λ3 λ D = + λ λ λ = λ λ λ

19 19 M14/4/PHYSI/HPM/ENG/TZ1/XX 3. The graph shows the variation with time t of the activity A of a radioactive sample. The energy released in each decay is E. The shaded area is equal to S. A / Bq What does the quantity S E represent? A. Average energy produced in s. B. Average power produced in s. Total energy produced in s. D. Maximum power produced in s. 1 t / s 31. An alpha particle is directed head-on towards a nucleus of an isotope of iron. A second alpha particle, with the same energy as the first, is directed head-on towards a different isotope of iron. Which of the following is a comparison of the distances of closest approach of the two alpha particles and the forces experienced by the alpha particles at the point of closest approach? A. B. D. Distances same same different different Forces same different same different Turn over

20 M14/4/PHYSI/HPM/ENG/TZ1/XX 3. The de Broglie wavelength of an electron is equal to the wavelength of a photon that has energy E. What is the momentum of the electron? A. B. D. E c E hc hc E mc e he 33. In the electron in a box model, an electron is confined to move along a line of length L. What is the smallest possible value of the momentum of the electron? A. B. D. h L h L 3h L 34. A natural gas power station has an output of 6 MW and an efficiency of 5 %. The mass of natural gas that is burned per second is kg. What is the energy density of natural gas? A. 15 MJ kg 1 B. 3 MJ kg 1 4 MJ kg 1 D. 6 MJ kg Which of the following best defines non-renewable fuels? A. They produce a lot of degraded energy in comparison with renewable fuels B. They have very high energy density but produce greenhouse gases They cannot be produced again D. Their rate of consumption is much greater than the rate at which they are being produced

21 1 M14/4/PHYSI/HPM/ENG/TZ1/XX 36. The average intensity of the solar radiation incident on a planet is W m. The albedo of the planet is.6. The average temperature of the planet is constant. Which of the following is a correct statement about the intensity of radiation reflected and radiated by the planet? A. B. D. Intensity reflected by planet Intensity radiated by planet 1 W m 8 W m 1 W m less than 8 W m 8 W m 1 W m 8 W m less than 1 W m 37. A body X of emissivity e is at temperature T 1. X is inside a box whose walls act as a black body of temperature T. T 1 is greater than T. X T 1 T What is the net intensity of radiation leaving body X? A. B. 4 σt 1 4 eσ T 1 eσt σt D. eσ ( T T ) Turn over

22 M14/4/PHYSI/HPM/ENG/TZ1/XX 38. In a hydroelectric power plant, water of density 1 3 kg m 3 falls through an average height of 1 m. The volume of water flowing through the pipes per second is 1 m 3 s 1. What is the maximum power generated? A. 1 4 W B. 1 5 W 1 6 W D. 1 7 W 39. Which wave phenomenon is most closely associated with the reading of the information from a compact disc (CD)? A. Diffraction B. Interference Refraction D. Polarization 4. Which one of the following changes to the pixels of a charge-coupled device (CCD) will result in an increase in the resolution of the CCD? A. A decrease of their capacitance B. A decrease of their size An increase of their size D. An increase of their quantum efficiency

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