Jnem-^-Øns\ [n -cn- p- -h Pam-A-Øn-s\-b, Xs -Ø-s -bmwv \in- n- p- Xv

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1 1 JpXzv_ P Ω\n Jnem-^-Øns\ [n -cn- p- -h Pam-A-Øn-s\-b, Xs -Ø-s -bmwv \in- n- p- Xv t]m-b-xv. A{I-a-hm-gvN-bn-eq-sSbpw tkz m-[n-]-xyhm-gvn-bn-eq-ssbpw Jnem-^Øv IS- p. ]n osv app- ±n-zow-ifpw P w sim n-cp- p; B Ime-L- -Øn Zo\ns\ ]cn-jv -cn- p- -Xn\p th n. CsXmcp thdn hnj-b-am-wv. Rm\n-t mƒ AXn-s\- p-dn v ChnsS ]d-bp- n-. Rm ]d-bm Dt±-in- p- Xv CXm-Wv: A m-lp-x-be \_n (k) \v kphm Ø-Iƒ \evin-bn-cp- p. A m-lp-hn \n v Adnhv kºm-zn- p-sim v \_n (k) {]h-n- (24:56) \hpw snbvxn-cp- p. CX-\p-k-cn v hmkvzø akolns Ime-tØmsS Jnem-^-Øns ]c-ºc CXns X Pa: \nß-fn \n v hniz-kn- p-ibpw k a-ß-f-\p-jvtn- p-ibpw snøp- Bcw`nt - -Xp- m-bn-cp- p. Cu Jnem-^-Øns -h-tcmsv, Ah v apºp- -hsc Jeo-^-am-cm- nb-xp-t]mse Xo -bmbpw Ah-tcbpw `qan-bn ]c-ºc A m-lp-hns hmkvzm-\-a-\p-k-cn v Fs pw \ne-\n-evt - -Xp- v. \ne-\n-ev p- - Jeo-^-am-cm- p-ibpw Ah mbn Ah Xr]vXns axsø Ah v {]_-e-s -Sp-Øn-s m-sp- Xp-am-Wv. C im-a- m-lv. lzo-kn h n-cn- p- p. lkvdøv lpzbv^m (d) \nth-z\w snøp- p. \_n p-i-bpw, Ah-cpsS `b-øn-\p-tijw c bpw (k) ]d p: kam-[m-\hpw Ah v ]Icw \evip-ibpw snøp- \n߃ n-s-bn \p_p- -Øp- mipw. -Xm-sW v A mlp hmkvzm\w snbvxn-cn- p- A mlp Dt±-in- p- -b{x AXp \ne-\n-ev pw. p. Ah Fs am{xw Bcm-[n- p- -XmWv; A mlp ]n osv AXns\ Db Øp- -Xm-Wv. Ft msp as m- n-s\bpw Ah ] p-tn pibn-. AXn-\p-tijw Bsc- nepw \ntj-[n- p-i- hcpw. A mlp Dt±-in- p- -b{x AXp \ne-\n- ]n osv \p_p- -Øns ]mx-bn Jnem-^Øv bm-sw- n Ah Xs -bmwv [n m-cn-iƒ. ev pw. ]n osv A mlp AXns\ Db Øp- -Xm- (24:56) Wv. ]n osv Ahs hn[n-b-\p-k-cn v A{IahmgvN Cu hn-\-øn A m-lp-x-be hcpw. P\-߃ CXn hnj-an- pw. srcp w apkveowi-tfmsv Jnem-^-Øns\ kw_- n v A\p-`-hn- pw. A mlp Dt±-in- p Ime-a-{Xbpw hmkvzm\w snbvxn-cn- p- p. ]t, \n_- -\-Iƒ AX-h-ti-jn- pw. Ah-\p-t±-in- p-tºmƒ AsXsh p-sim- mwv ]d- -Xv, B \n_- -\-Iƒ Sp-Øp-I-f-bpw. ]n osv tkz m-[n-]xyhmgvn-bp- m- ]men- m \nß-fn Jnem-^Øv \ne-\n-ev p- - Ipw. A mlp Dt±-in- p- -Imew AXp \ne-\nev pw. Aßs\ A m-lp-hns IcpW Ae-X- Xm-sW- v. Cß-s\-bm-bn pw Jnem-^sØ dminz Ckvemans Bcw-`-Im-eØv shdpw ap -Xph jta \ne-\n- p- p. AXns Ah-km\ h j- Wv. ]n osv \p_p- -Øns ]mx-bn Jnem-^Øv pw. ]n osv A mlp AsX-SpØp If-bp- -Xmß-fn Jnem-^-Øn-s\-Xn-cn ^nxv\ D m-ip- hcpw. tijw \_n (k) au\w ]men- p. Ibpw Jeo-^-am-tcmSv A]-a-cym-Z-bmbn s]cp-am-dp- \Ωƒ `mky-hm- m-cm-wv. Cu {]h-n\w I-bpw, Jeo-^-amsc apkveowiƒ ilo-zm- p-ibpw C m-eøv ]pe p-sim- n-cn- p- Xv \mw I psim- n-cn- p- p. Cu Fs pw \ne-\n-ev p snbvxp. AXn-\p-tijw Jnem-^sØ dminz Ahkm-\n- p. ]n osv cmp-hm-gvn-bpss Ime-wh p Jnem-^-Øn km n-i-fm-bn-øo n-cn- p- p. CsX mw A mlp Cu hn-\-øn ]d- n-cp- - F AXn hniz-kn- p- -h-cn s Sp-Ibpw Xm-Wv. ]d p: \n߃ \µn-ti-sp-im-wn- m snbvxncn p p. AXns A\p-{K-l-Øn `mk- \n߃ A[ Ω-Im-cn-I-fm-bn-Øo-cpw. A[ Ω-Imcn-I-tfbpw \µn-ti- -h-tcbpw A mlp klm-bn- `m- m-ip- -h-cm-bn-øo-cp-ibpw snbvxn-cn- p- p. Hcp lzo-kn h n- p v. \_n (k) Xncpta\n ]d p: Fs kap-zmbw Hcp A\p-{K-loX m-dn-. F m-bmepw Ckvemans BZy ]Xnaq p \q m v hnhn[ Ah-ÿ-I-fn-emWv IS- p- kap-zmbamip- p. AXns BZy-amtWm Ah-km-

2 \-amtwm DØ-a-sa v hnth-nn- -dn-bm ] p-i-bn-. AXm-bXv c p `mkhpw {]Xm-]-Øn-t bpw {]uvn-bp-tsxpambn-cn- pw. Cu Ah-km\ ImesØ kw_- n v \_n (k) Xs AsXßs\bm-bn-cn p-sa v ]d-bp-i-bp- m-bn. lkvdøv A_q-lp-dbvd (d) \nth-z\w snøp- p. R߃ \_n (k) bpss k n-[n-bn Ccn- p-ibm-bn-cp- p. At mƒ kqd-øp PpapA Cdßm XpS-ßn. h BJ-co\ an lpw eωm b l- Jq-_nlnw hsc \_n (k) Xncp-ta\n HmXn-t ƒ n- p. (C-Xns A w ]n osv hcp Iptd Bfp- Ifpw kzlm-_n-i-fmb Rß-fn Dƒs Spw, Ct mƒ Rß-fp-ambn Ah tn n- n F m- Wv.) At mƒ Hcmƒ tnmzn- p. A m-lp-hns dkqte kzlm-_n-i-fpss ]Z-hn-bp, CXp-hsc Rß-fp-ambn tn n- n- mø A q- BcmWv? \_n (k) B tnmzy-øn\p adp-]sn \evin-bn-. B kzlm-_n- aq p {]mhiyw tnmzyw Bh Øn- p. \nth-z-i ]d-bp- p. Rß-fpsSbnS-bn lkvdøv k am-\p ^mcn-kn (-d) Ccn- p- m-bncp- p. \_n (k) Xs ssi At±-l-Øns txmfn sh p-sim p ]d- p: Cuam kpdøm (Im ØnI \ {Xw)bpsS ASp-Ømbmepw AXm-bXv `qan-bn \n v Db v t]mbmepw Ch-cn s Nne-bm-fp-Iƒ AXns\ Xncn- p-sim- p-h-cpw. AXm-bXv Ahkm\ImeØv hcp- -h F -Xp-sIm- p hnh- nxw, hmkvz-ø-a-kolv shfn-s -Sp-tºmƒ At±lsØ hniz-kn- p- -hcpw At±-l-Øns kmao]yw {]m]n- p- -hcpw kzlm-_-øns ]Zhn-bn-ep- -h-cm-bn-cn- p-sa- m-wv. lkvdøv akolv auduzv (A)s\ A mlp C m-eøv krjvsn- p. B Imew ImWm\p Xu^oJv A mlp \ap v \evin. \_n (k) Xncp-ta\n CXn\v simsp-øn- p- Xv Xs Ime-Øns AtX ]Z-hn-X-s -bm-wv. AXpsIm v Cu {]h-n-\-a-\p-k-cn v Jnem-^-Øp Aem-an lmpp \p_p- Øpw \ne-hn htc- -Xv Bh-iy-am-bn-cp- p. hmkvzø ako-ln\p tijw hcp Jnem-^Øv Xm m-en-i-a-. A\- iz-c-am-bn-cn- p-sa pw ]d- n-cn- p- p. lkvdøv akolv auduzv (A) s hm p-i-fn Rm Cu hn-\sø Ipd v hni-zo-i-cn mw. Ahn-S v ]dbp p: Npcp- n- -d- m c p hn[-øn-ep Znhy-i- n-iƒ (Jp-Zvd-Øp-Iƒ) A mlp shfn-s - Sp-Øp- p. H m-a-xmbn \_n-am-cpss ssiiƒ sim p-xs Xs Znhy-i- n-bpss lkvxw ImWn- p- p. c m-a-xmbn \_n-bpss ac- Wtijw hnj-a-߃ t\cn-ts nhcn-ibpw i{xph-fsc i n-{]m-]n- p-ibpw \_n-bpss ZuXyw 2 BsI Ipg- -Øn-em-sb pw Cu Pam-AØv Ct mƒ \in- m t]mip-i-bm-sw v Dd- n- psim v AXnse AwK-߃ Xs AXns `mhnsb- p-dn v kwi-bm-ep- -fm-ip-ibpw \ncm-i-s p XpS-ßp-Ibpw Ah-cpsS \Sp-shm-Sn \ne-bn \n `m-ky-cm-bn- p \nc-h[nt] ax-\n-cm-k-øn-te- p hgn-bn \oßp-ibpw snøp-tºmƒ k hi- -\mb A mlp c mw-x-hw Xs {]_-eamb Znhy-i n shfn-s -Sp-Øp-Ibpw XI -bnte-s -Ønb Pam-A-Øns\ Xmßn-sb-SpØv c n- p-ibpw snøp- p. Npcp- -Øn A yw hsc kl\w ssis m- p- -h v A m-lp-hns Cu A px ZrjvSm w ImWm Ign-bp p; lkvdøv A_q-_- kn±ojv (d) s ImeØp kw`-hn- -Xp-t]m-se. \_n (k) bpss acww Hcp AIm-e-a-c-W-ambn Icp-X-s -Sp-Ibpw hnthiiq\ycmb \nc-h[n _ZvhnIƒ ap Ø-±p-I-fmbn t mipibpw kzlm-_n-amcpw Zp:J`m-c-Øm {`m p-]n-sn- -hsct msebmbn-øo-cp-ibpw snbvxt mƒ A mlp A_q-_- kn±o-jns\ Fgpt -ev]n- p-sim v c m-axv Xs Znhyi nbpss lkvxw \o n- m-wn- p-ibpw Ckvemans\ \mi-øn \n v c n- p-ibpw snbvxp. Aßs\ A mlp he-bp-a- n-\- -elpw Zo\-lp-ap- -Zn Xfm-elpw he bp_-±n-e- lpw an _-AvZn Ju^nlnw Aw\m (A-h mbn Ah Xr]vXn-s axw Ah Ah v i ns -Sp-Øn-s m-sp- p-ibpw Ah-cpsS `b- m-sn-\ptijw Ah v kam-[m-\hpw c bpw {]Zm\w snøp-ibpw snøpw) F p ]d Ahs hmkvzøw \nd-th- p-i-bp- mbn. C{]-Imcw Xs lkvdøv aq m (A) bpss ImeØpw kw`-hn- p. _\o Ckvdm-bo-ens\ hmkvzm-\-a-\p-k-cn p e y-ÿm-\øv FØn- p- -Xn\p aptº lkvdøv aq m (A) ankz-dn\pw (Cu-Pn-]vXv) I B\pw (^-e-kvxo ) CS-bv p hgn-bn sh v Ncaw {]I-Sn- n- p. At±-l-Øns th ]msv _\o-c-kvdm-bo m-cn henb Ae-ap-d-Iƒ krjvsn- p. Cu AIm-e-N-c-aw, lkvdøv aq m \_n (A) bpss A{]-Xo- n-x-amb Cu th m- Sp-Im-cWw _\o-c-kvdm-bo \m ]Xp Znhkw Ic- p-sim- n-cp- -Xmbn Xudm-Øn Fgp-Xnbn-cn- p- p. C{]-Imcw Xs -bmwv lkvdøv Cukm (A) bpss ImeØpw kw`-hn- -Xv. Ipcnip-kw-`-h-th-f-bn apgp-h lhm-cow-ifpw H -Xncn- p-t]m-ip-ibpw Hcmƒ ax-ap-t]- n- p-ibpw snbvxp. AXp-sIm p A tbm {]nb-s - -htc, i{xp- -fpss c p-xcw BÀm-Zm-`m-k-ßsf XI Øp-Im-Wn- p- -Xn-\p-th n A mlp c p- Xcw Znhy-i- n- {]Xn`mkw ImWn- p- p-sh- Xv

3 Ahs ] p-]-t -bp kp -Øm-Wv. A mlp Xs ] p-]-t -bp B kp -Øns\ Ct mƒ Dt]- n- p-i-f-bpi kw`-hy-a-. AXpsIm v Rm\n-t mƒ hnh-cn- p-]-d Imcy-ßfn \n߃ Zp:JnX-cm-I-cp-Xv. \n߃ Akz-ÿcm-Ip-Ibpacp-Xv. F p-sim-s - m, \nß-fn c mw JpZvdØv shfn-s -Sp- Xv \n߃ ImtW- Xv Bh-iy-am-Ip- p. AXp hcp- Xv \n߃ v IqSp-X DØ-a-am-bn-cn- pw. ImcWw AXv Fs pw \ne-\n-ev p- -Xm-Wv. AXns ]c-ºc Jnbm-a-Øp- mƒ hsc apdn p t]mip- -X-. Rm t]mim-øn-s-tømfw c mw JpZvdØv hcp- -X-. Rm t]mbn- -gn- m A mlp c mw JpZvdØns\ \nß-fn-te b pw. B c mw JpZvdØv A mlp _dm-los\ AlvaZn-øm-bn hmkvzøw snbvxxp {]Imcw Fs pw \nßfn-ep- m-bn-cn- pw. B hmkvzøw Fs hy n- Xz-hp-ambn _ -s - -X-. AXv \nßsf kw_- n- p hmkvz-ø-am-wv. A mlp ]d-bp p: \ns ]n ]- nb Pam-A-Øn\v Jnbm-a-Øp- \mƒhsc a p- -h-cpss ta Rm hnpbw \evipw. AXp-sIm v imiz-x-amb hmkvz-ø- Øns \mfp-iƒ hcm th n Rm \nß-fn \n v th s - p-t]m-ip Znhkw htc- Xv A\pt]- -Wo-b-am-Ip- p. \ΩpsS A mlp hmkvz-ø߃ ]q Øn-bm- p-hm\pw Iqdp-]p-e Øp- -h\pw hniz-kvx-\p-amip p. Ah hmkvzøw snbvx ki-expw Xs \n߃ p ImWn- p-x-cp- -Xm- Wv. Cu \mfp-iƒ temi-øns Ah-km\ \mfp- I-fm-Ip- p. At\I hn]-øp-ifpw Zpc- -ßfpw Cd-ßp \mfp-i-fm-wv. A mlp Adn-bn- p-x Imcy-ß-sf mw ]q Øn-bm-Ip- -Xp-hsc Cu temiw \ne-\n-evt - -Xp-X-s -bm-ip- p. Rm A m-lp-hn \n p Hcp i n-{]-xm-]-øns cq]-øn shfn-s - n-cn- p- p. Rm A m-lphns Hcp ico-c-[m-cn-bmb JpZvd-Øm-Ip- p. F\n- p-tijw Nne a -hy- n-i-fp-ap- mipw. Ah c m-asø JpZvd-Øns Znhy-i- n-bpss {]Xo- I-ß-fm-bn-cn- pw. AXp-sIm v \n߃ A m-lphn \n p c mw JpZvd-Øns {]Xo- -bn H p-tn v {]m n- p-sim- n-cn- p-i. c mw JpZvdØv sszhni khn-[-øn \n ndßp- - Xn\pw, \nß-fpss A mlp AØ-c-Øn k i- -\mb A m-lp-hm-sw v \n߃ ImWp-amdm-Ip- -Xn\pw kzmen-lp-i-fpss Pam-AØv Hmtcm cmpyøpw kwl-sn v {]m -\-bn \nc-x-cm-th- -Xm-Wv. acww \nß-fpss ASp-ØmsW v a\- n-em- p-i. Ft m-gmwv B \nanjw hcp- -sx v \n߃ -dn-bn-. ]cn-ip- -amb Bflm-thmSp-Iq-Snb Pam-A- Ønse BZ-c-Wo-b Fs t]cn F\n- p- 3 tijw P\-ß-fn \n v ss_aøv hmtß- - Xm-Wp. `qan-bpss hyxykvx {]hm-k-ti-{µ-ß-fn hkn- p- -h, Ah bqtdm- n-em-i-s, Gjy-bnem-Is Fhn-sS-bp- -h-cm-bn-cp- mepw Ah k {]-Ir-X-cm-bn- p- -h-cm-sw- n Ah-sc mw XuloZv GI-ssZ-h-Øn-te v hen- p-sim- p-hcm\pw Xs Zmksc GI-a-X-Øn Hcp-an p Iq m\pw A mlp B{K-ln- p- p. CXp-X-s bmwv A mlp Fs Cu temitø v Ab- - Xns Dt±iyw. AXp-sIm v \n߃ Cu e yw {]m]n- p-hm ]cn-{i-an- p-hn. F m, AXv kuay-x-tbmspw hn\-b-tømspw DZmØ `mh-ßtfmspw {]m -\-tbmspw IqSn am{x-am-bn-cn- Ww. dqlp JpZvkv, ]cn-ip- m-flmhv e`n v Bsc- nepw F\n- p-tijw Fgp-t -ev p- -Xp-hsc \nßsf mhcpw kl-i-cn pw kwl-sn pw {]h Øn- p-hn. \n߃ t\m p-i. lkvdøv akolv auduzv (A) s h^m-øn\ptijw Ahn-S v \ap v kphm Ø Adn-bn- n-cp- p. Jnem-^Øv Fs pw \ne-\n-ev p-sa- pxv A m-lp-hns hmkvzm-\-am-wv. C im-a- mlv. i{xp- ƒ c p kt m-j-߃ Hcn- epw ImWp-I-bn-. akolv audu-zns ac-w-hm Ø Adn-bp-tºmƒ AXn i{xp- ƒ kt m-jn- p-i-sb- -XmWv H v. akolv audu-zns ac-w-hm Ø-b-dn- -t mƒ BÀmZn -hcpap m-bn-cp- p. c m-a-tøxv Pam- AØv \in- p- Xp ImWpI F -Xm-Wv. CsXmcn- epw Ah v ImWm km[n- p-i-bn-. lkvdøv akolv auduzv (A) s h^m-øn-\ptijw i{xp- ƒ _l-f-ap- m- n. Ah hfsc kt mjøn-em-bn-cp- p. F m an _AvZn Ju^nlnw Aw\m F hmkvzm\w D m-bn-cp- p. AXns ImgvN A mlp \ap p ImWn- p- X- p. lkvdøv Jeo-^-Øp akolv A (d) hb- -\mbnt msb v Nne Icp-Xn-bn-cp- p. own-x\pw _e-lo-\-\p-am-bn-cn- p- p. Jnem-^- Øns\ \nb-{ n- m At±-l-Øn\v Ign-bp-I-bn- m-bn-cn mw. Jnem-^-Øns `mcw hln- m km[n- p-i-bn- F mwv A p-as Nne AwK߃ Icp-Xn-bn-cp- Xv. A p-as Imcy-߃ ]d p t_m[n- n- m X߃ {]bm-k-s -Spw. ImcWw {]mbw sn hy n-bm-wv. ]n osv Ah Icp-Xn-bXv Imcy-߃ Jeo-^-Øp ako-lns\ ImWn- mepw Cs - nepw H pw kw`-hn- p-i-bns - m-bn-cp- p. F m, A mlp i{xp- -fp-ss, B -cnihpw _mly-hp-amb i{xp- -fpss kwl- Øn\v hnpbw \evin-bn-. B`y- c ^nxv\sbbpw ASn- -a Øn. Fß-s\-bmW Hmtcm Ah-k-c- Ønepw B ^nxv\sb Jeo-^-Øp akolv A ASn- -a Øn-b-sX v temiw I p. F{X

4 i -ambn mwv AXns\ Aa snbvx-xv. i{xp- -fpss hmb-s- n- -Xv. Jeo-^-Øp akolv A (d) ]d-bp- p. Jnem-^-Øns Xnc-s - Sp v a\p-jy-_p- n-bpss tpmen-b-. BcpsS i n- I-fmWv G hpw \ -sx v _p nbv v Xncn- -dnbm km[y-a-. Bcn-emWv kwl-s-\m-]m-s-h-i n XnI-hp- -\n-e-bn sh n- p- sx pw AXn\v Adnbn-. AXp-sIm v A mlp kzbw hn[n-sb-gp-xnbn-cn- p- p, haz- m-lp- -Zo\ Ba\p an Ipw haanep zmenlmøn eb-kvx-j-en-^- lpw ^n A fn Ia-kvX-Je ^ -Zo\ an J_venlnw Jeo-^sb krjvsn- p-i-sb- Xv A m-lp-hns {]hr-øn-bm-wv. haz- m-lp- -Zo\ Ba\p an Ipw haanep zmenlmøn eb-kvx-j-en-^- lpw ^n A fn Ia-kvX-Je ^ -Zo\ an J_venlnw. Ahn-S v ]d p: Fs GsX- nepw a\p-jyt\m A p-at\m Jeo-^-bm- n-bn- n-. Jeo-^sb krjvsn- m Ign-hp- -h-cmwv A p-a-s\ pw Rm hniz-kn- p- n-. Fs Hcp A p-a\pw Jeo-^-bm- n-bn- n-. AXns\ H pw Rm hnesh- p- p-an-. Ah Dt]- n- p- -Xns ta Rm Xp p-i-t]m-ep-an-. Cu Jnem-^-Øns i_vzw F n \n v X n- -dn-s -Sp- m B pw Ign-bp-an-. ho pw Jeo^ A (d) ]d-bp p: Jeo- ^-bpss tpmen \a-kvi-cn- n- p-i, _bv-aøv hmßpi F Xp am{x-am-sw v ]d-bp- p. Cu tpmen- Hcp sam m- m v t]mepw snøm Ignbpw. AXn-s\mcp Jeo-^-bpsS Bh-iy-an-. CØcw _bv-a-øns ta Rm Xp p-i-iq-snbn-. _bv-aøv F v ]d-bp- Xv ]q Æ-ambpw A\p-k-cn- pi F -Xm-Wv. Jeo-^-bpsS Hcp Iev]- \-t]mepw Ah-K-Wn- m ]msn-. Jeo-^-Øp akolv A -ens i -amb Cu Xm oxpw XpS v A p-as ta FSpØ \S-]Snbpsa mw temiw I -Xm-Wv. AXm-bXv AXn-ep- m-bn-cp hmn-i-asn mcpss ta FSpØ \S-]-Sn. Ah-sc mw On -`n- -am-bn. ssibn-sem- p-an- msx Ccn-t - n-h- p. F nepw Ah-kcw In p-tºm-sg mw FhnsSsb- nepw sn v ^nøv\ D m- m-\p {iaw \S-Øn-bn-cp- p. ]t, Ah-km\w \mw-t -S- msx as m pw Ah v In n-bn-. ]n osv Jeo-^-Øp akolv A (d) Cl-tem-I-hmkw shsn- -t mƒ A q- ho pw Xe-s]m- n. ^nxv\-bp- m- m\pw Pam- A-Øn ]nf p- m- m\pw {ian- p. hnzym-k-º- -cmb henb henb Bfp-Isf Ah-cpsS hebn IpSp- n. ImcWw Jnem-^-Øns Xnc-s - Sp v \S- m lkvdøv an km _io-dp-±o 4 alvaqzv AlvaZv Jeo-^-bmbn Xnc-s -Sp- -s - Sp-sa v Ah -dn-bm-am-bn-cp- p. lkvdøv Jeo- ^-Øp akolv km\n (d) Cu ^nxv\ ASn- a Øp- -Xn\p th n, A p-as AwK-ß-fmb Cu _l-f- m-tcmsv Jeo-^bmIm X\n-s mcp Xm ]-cy-an-s v ]d-bpiiqsn snbvxp; \n߃ ]d-bp- -bmƒ v _bv-aøv snøm Rm Xømdm-Wv. Pam-AØv Xnc-s -Sp- p- -bmsf Jeo-^bmbn AwKo-I-cn- p- -Xm-Wv. Rm ]d- -Xpt]mse, Jnem^Øv Xnc-s -Sp v \S- m lkvdøv an km _io-dp-±o alvaqzv AlvaZv kmln_v Xs Jeo-^-bm-Ip-sa v Ah -dn-bmam-bn-cp- p. AXp-sIm v Ah Cu `mk-tø v hcm Xøm-dm-bn-. Ct mƒ Jeo-^-bpsS Xncs -Sp v \S-Ø-, Ipd pznhkw CXv am n-shbv p-i F p ]d- p-sim v Ah \S- p. Hcp hn[-ønepw Pam-A-Øn\v CXv AwKo-I-cn- m ] p-am-bn-cp- n-. Aßs\ Pam-AØv lkvdøv an km _io-dp-±o alvaqzv AlvaZv kmln_ns\ Jeo-^-bmbn Xnc-s -Sp-Øp. Ahn-SsØ ssibn ss_aøv snbvxp. At mƒ FXncm-fn-Iƒ a\- n-em- n-bn-cp- Xv hnzym-k-º- cpw JP-\m-hp-sa mw \ΩpsS ssibn-em-wv, AXpsIm v Ipd- p-\mƒ Ign- m Cu Pam-AØv \in- pw F- m-bn-cp- p. ]t, A mlp XBe ho pw Ahs ssish p. `b- m-sn-s Ahÿ \o n kam-[m\w sim p-h- p. i{x- sf Atß-b w \nµn-x-cm n. Ah-cpsS F m A[zm- \hpw ]cm-p-b-s - p. ]n osv Jnem-^sØ km\n-bpss Ime-L- -Øn 1934 Hcp ^nxv\-bp- mbn. AXn-s\bpw A mlp Xs A\p-{Klw sim p ASn- -a Øn. Pam-A-Øn\v Hcp \jvshpw hcp-øm FXn-cm-fn- Iƒ p Ign- n-. X߃ snøp- -sx- m-sw v Adn-bp-I-bn-s v Ah hoºn-f- n-bn-cp- p. ]n osv 1953 \S Ie-l-am-Wv. At mƒ ]m n-ÿm thsd cmjv{s-am-bn- -gn- n-cp- p. Ct mƒ {_n o-jp-im t]mbn, Rß-fmWv `cn- p- -sx v FXn-cm-fn-Iƒ a\- n-em- n. C\n ChnsS R߃ \oxn-tbmsp s]cp-am-dp-i-bn-s v Ah ]d- p. Aßs\ Pam-AØv Ah-km-\n- p-sa v Ah Bin- p. F m, ]n osv A mlp B `bm-\-i-amb Ah-ÿ-bn \n v Pam- A-Øns\ c n- Xpw i{xp- ƒ \nµn-x-cmbn \mia-s- Xpw temiw I p. F m, AlvaZnøm Pam-AØv A m-lp-hns A\p-{K-l-Øm ]pxnb {]Xm-]-tØm-Sp-IqSn apt m- p-ip-xn- p. Jeo-^-Øp akolv km\n (d) bpss Jnem-^Øv 52 h j-am-bn-cp- p. Hmtcm Znh-khpw ]pxn-sbmcp ]ptcm-k-xn-bp-am-bn mwv A v DZn- pb n-cp- -Xv. \nc-h[n `mj-i-fn hnip- -Jp -

5 B ]cn-`m-j-s -SpØn. hntz-i-cm-jv{s-ß-fn anj \ne-hn h p. B{^n- -bnepw bqtdm- nepw At±-l-Øns ImeØv anj ÿm]n-xambn p Xv \n߃ hmbn- -dn- n- p- -Xm-Wv. A m-eøv C p ImWp kpÿn-c-amb hyhÿnxn A{X C m-bn-cp- p. hy n-k-x-amb Xmev]- cy-sa-spøv, hy n-]-c-amb \n t±iw simspøv ap_- n-kp-am v t\cn v \n t±-i-߃ simsp-øpsim v, At±lw Cu hyh-ÿn-xnsb apt m p \bn- p. C y-bnepw ]m n-ÿm-\nepw am{x-a a p cmjv{s-ß-fnepw {]txy-in v B{^n- -bn e - -W- n\v `mky-im-en-iƒ v AlvaZnøØv kzoicn- m-\p Xu^oJv A mlp \evin. Ah \_n (k) Xncp-ta-\n-bpsS simsn- o-gn AWn-\n-c- p. ]ns kwl-s-\m-]-c-amb Imcy-߃ Fß-s\- bmwv A n-en v hm sø-sp-ø-sx v t\m p-i. kzv A p-a AlvaZn-øm-bpsS cq]o-i-cww AXv aptº D m-bn-cp- -Xm-Wv. AXn ]cnjvi-cww hcp-øn. A p-a Xßsf A p-a- \mbn am{xw a\- n-em- p-i-bpw, Hcn- epw Jnem- ^-Øn\v `oj-wn-bm-im-xn-cn- p-ibpw snøpw hn[w AXns\ hm sø-sp-øp. ]n osv imjm kwl-s- \-I-fpsS cq]o-i-c-w-am-wv. A km-dp- mlv, Jp±map AlvaZn-øm, epv\ Cam-bn- m-lv Cu F m kwl-s-\-i-tfbpw Zo L-Zr-jvSn-bn-eqsS t\m n p; Hmtcm {]mb- m pw Ah-cpsS {]mb-øn-\-\p-k-cn v DØ-c-hm-ZnØt_m[w D m- p-i-bpw, Ct mƒ Xß-fmWv Pam-A-Øns\ t\mt - -sx pw F m ^nxv\-i-fn \n pw AXns\ c n-t - -sx pw a\- n-em- p-ibpw AX-\p-k-cn v \ am w D m- -W-sa t_m[w Ah-cn D m-ip-ibpw snbvxm ]ns Ah v \jvs-ap- m- m B pw km[n- p- I-bn-s v B alm-flmhv a\ nem n-bn-cp- p. AX-\p-k-cn v Ah v in Ww \evim-\p G m-sp-iƒ snbvxp. t\m p-i, Ct mƒ A mlphns A\p-{K-l-Øm temi-cm-jv{s-ßfn-se mw Cu imjmkwl-s-\-iƒ \ne-hn-ep- v. A m-lp-hns A\p-{K-l-Øm Ah {]h Ø- \-\n-c-x-cm-wv. AXns `mk-ambn C v P Ω-\nbnse Jp±m-ap AlvaZn-ømbpw CPvXnam kwl- Sn- n- n-cn- p- Xv. CXpw kwl-s-\m-]-c-amb Hcp henbimcy-am-bncp- p. ]n osv XlvcosI PZo-Zns ÿm]-\-am- Wv. JmZn-bm-\nse Hmtcm CjvSn-Ibpw Cf- n-sb- Sp- p-sa v i{xp- ƒ hoºn-f- n-bn-cp Ime-ambn-cp p AXv. AXp-I-gn v CXns ^e-ambn hntz-i-ß-fn anj ÿm]n-x-am-bn. hjvs^ PZo-Zns ÿm]-\hpw D v. AXv ]m n-ÿm-\n-tebpw C y-bntebpw {Kma-ß-fn X_veoKv {]h Ø-\-߃ m-bn- mwv cq]o-i-cn- - 5 Xv. Ct mƒ AXv k -tem-iøpw hym]n- n-cn- p- p. Ch Ip n-bm-wv, Chs ssibn \nb- { Ww simsp-øm AXp \in- n pw AXpsIm v AX-\p-h-Zn- p-iqsm F v ]d- v, Pam- A-Ønse {]K- -a-xn-i-sf v a\- n-em- n-bn-cp Bfp-Iƒ X n- -f B Ip n temiøv Hcp henb hn]vfhw Xs -bp- m- n. lkvdøv akolv auduzv (A) s ta txco X_veoKv sim Zp bmsi In\mtcmw XIv ]lpw-nm-duwkm Rm \ns {]t_m-[-\sø temi-øns A - ß-fn-tem-f-sa-Øn pw F C lmw apgp-tem- IØpw ]q Øo-I-cn- p- -h-\p-am-bn-øo p. lkvdøv Jeo-^-Øp akolv km\n (d) ]d-bp p: Jeo-^sb \n -bn- p Ah-k-c-Øn At±lw F m Nn m-k-xn-i-tfbpw Hcn-SØv ktωfn- n-t Bfm-b-Xn-\m At±-l-Øns samø- Øn-ep Ign-hns\ t\mt - -Xm-Wv. GsX- nepw Imcy-Øn as m-cmƒ Abmsf mƒ Ign-hp- h-\m-imw. Hcp kviqfnse sluvam-ãsd \n -bn- p-tºmƒ, Abmƒ \ -hæw ]Tn- n- p- -h-\mtwm, D -X- Un-{Kn-bp- -h-\mtwm F p-am-{x-a t\m p- -Xv. Abm-fpsS Iogn-ep- -h Abm-sf- mƒ Db Un{Kn-bp- -h-cm-imw. F m sluvam-ã F m kwhn-[m-\-ßfpw D m-t - -bm-fm-wv. api-fn-ep- -h-cp-ambn F m Imcy- Ønepw _ -s -ts- -bm-fm-wv. Cu F m-im-cyßfpw t\m p-i-x-s -th-ww. C{]-Imcw BcmtWm A m-lp-hn \n v Jeo-^-bm-Ip- Xv At±-l-Øns samø-xn-ep Ignhp-Iƒ t\mt - -Xm-Wv. Jmen-Zn_v\p heo-zns\-t mse Bsc- nepw hmsf-spøv s]cp-am-dn-bn- pt m? F m Jeo-^-bm-bXv A_q-_- -dm- Wv. bqtdm- n F\n v B[n-]-Xy-ap-s v Bsc- nepw ]d- m, Abmƒ Jeo-^-bv l-\m-ip- I-bn-. A mlp B p- -h-cmwv Jeo-^-bm-Ip- -Xv. A mlp Xnc-s -Sp-Ø-bmƒ Xnc-s -Sp- -s - p. Jmen-Zn_v\p heozv Ggm-tfbpw sim v Ggm-bncw Bfp-I-fpsS ta hnpbw t\sn. lkvdøv Da Aßs\ snbvxn-. ]t, Jeo- ^-bm-bxv lkvdøv Da (d) BWv. lkvdøv Dkvam (d) s ImeØv bp -Øn ss\]pwyw t\snb henb henb tk\m-]-[n-am D m-bn-cp- p. Hcmƒ as m-cm-sf- mƒ ani- -h-cm-bn-cp- p. apgp-tem-i-søbpw Ah Iog-S- p-ibpw snbvxp. ]s, Jeo-^-bm-bXv lkvdøv Dkvam (d) Xs -bm-bn-cp- p. Nne Kuc-h-ap- -h-cm-bn-cn- mw. Nne arzpe kz`m-h- m-cm-bn-cn mw. Nne Atß-b w hn\-bm-\z-x-\m-bn-cn mw. Ch-scm-s bmbn v s]cp-am-td- n-h-cpw. CXp a\- n-em- m

6 Ign-bp- Xv AØcw Imcy-߃ t\cn-ts- n-h-cptºm-gm-wv.jeo^øp akolv km\n (d) ]dbp p: A mlp XBe Jeo^ kmenkmbn \n bn p Bƒ v Rm\nt mƒ Xs kphm Ø Adnbn p p; A mlphn hnizkn psim v Abmƒ Fgpt p\n ptºmƒ, `cwiqs߃ Xs Abmfpambn G pap nbm epw B `cwiqsw XI pt]mipw. \ΩfXpI p. GtXsX mw k m Pam AØpambn G pap ntbm AsX mw XI p. \memw Jnem^ØpImeØpw \mw Cu A\p{Kl ߃ I p. as mcpÿeøv Jeo^Øp ako lv km\n (d) BdmasØbpw GgmasØbpw Jn em^øphsc ]d n p v. ]n osv Rm\Xv hni ZoIcn p XmWv. Jeo^Øp akolv km\n (d) ]dbp p: F mhcpw tn v FSp p Bsf PamAØv kzoicn p XmWv. AXmbXv Jnem^Øns Xncs Sp ns\] nbmwv ]dbp Xv. PamA Øn Bsc nepw B Xncs Sp s hy n sb FXn Øm Ah cmpyt{zmlnbmbncn pw. Jnem^Øp Xncs Sp v hcptºmƒ \n nxcoxnb\pkcn v BcmtWm Xncs Sp- s Sp Xv, Ahsc Rm\nt mƒ Xs kphntij adnbn p p: \n nx \nbaa\pkcn v Ah Xncs Sp s m A mlp AtbmtfmsSm w D mbncn pw. henbhtcm sndnbhtcm Bb Bsc- nepw Abmƒs Xncn Fgpt m Abmƒ \nµnx\mipw, \in n s Spw. ho pw lkvdøv Jeo^Øp akolv km\n (d) ]dbp p: Jeo^bpsS A w Xs Jeo^bpsS hmbn \n v Fs nepw hm piƒ ]pds m a p F m ] XnIfpw hens dnbpi F XmWv. Jeo^bpsS ] XnIƒ am{xamwv icnsb v a\ nem n sim v AXv \S n hcpøm {ian pi. Cu Bflmhv PamAØn D mimønstømfw F m {]kwkßfpw \njv^ehpw F m ] XnIfpw \nc Ihpw F m D]mbßfpw A]Pbhp ambncn pw. lkvdøv Jeo^Øp akolv km\n (d) bpss h^møn\ptijw Jnem^sØkmen kmbpss Imewh p. D nepw ]pdøpap i{xp ƒ ho pw ksipss gpt p. ]s F mwp mbxv?. PamAØn Fs nepw Ipdhp mtbm?, Hcn epan. A mlp XBem Xs hmkvzm\a\pkcn v apºtø mƒ D]cn A\p{KlßfpsS IhmS߃ Xpd pxcnibmwv snbvxxv. anj\piƒ ho pw h n p; B{^n bnepw bqtdm nepw. lkvdøv Jeo^Øp akolv kmenkv (dlv) 6 A mlphns Iev]\b\pkcn v \pkvdøv Plmw kviow hnfºcw snbvxp; Hcp kz]v\ a\pkcn v. Bip]{XnIƒ XpSßn. kviqfpiƒ Bcw`n p. Bip]{XnIfn e W n\v tcmkniƒ kpjw {]m]n p t]mbn. Ah henb henb k m -,kzimcy Bip]{XnIƒ Dt] n psim v \ΩpsS Zqscbp {Kmaßfnse Bip ]{XnIfn NnInXvkbv mbn FØp p; k m Dt±ymKÿ m t]mepw ChntS p hcp p. F psim v?. \ΩpsS Bip]{XnIfn PohnXw hjv^v snbvxv NnInXvk \SØp tumivs am hfsc {i tbmspw DXvkmltØmSpw IqSn {]h Øn p p. AhcpsS ]n n ImeØns Jeo^bpsS ZpBbpsS Awihpap v. A mlp XBem Xs Jeo^bpsS ZpB kzoicn p p. Cu DXvkmltØmsS FhnsS Hcp Dt±ymKÿ {]h Øn mepw,axmbxv Rm Zo\o tkh\ amwv snøp Xv, Fs ]n n ImeØns Camans ZpBbp v F Dt±iytØmsS {]h Øn m A mlp AXn AXnc A\p{Klw snmcnbp XmWv. \ΩpsS kviqfpifn \n v ]T\w ]q Ønbm n Bbnc W n\v Ip niƒ ]pdøph n p v. Ah henb henb Dt±ymKw hln p p. Lm\bnse U yq n an\nkv Hm^v F\ Pnbpw \ΩpsS kviqfn ]Tn bmfmwv. Ipd ph jw At±lhpw AlvaZnøm kviqfn ]Tn ncp p. D]cn]T\Øn\v At±lw as mcp kviqfn t]mbn, AXpw AlvaZnøm kviqƒ Xs bmbncp p. C v A mlp At±lØn\v henb henb ]Zhn \ Inb\p{Kln ncn p p. C{]Imcw Xs Hcp]mSmfpIƒ thsdbpap v. B{^n cmjv{sßfn t]mbm Ch hy ambpw a\ nem m Ignbpw. tumivsdm sw- nepw So dmsw nepw F mhcpw Htcs bmcp DXvkml tømss {]h Øn p p. F p {]h Øn snøpibmsw nepw ZpB snøww, A mlphn \n v A\p{Klw txsww, Jeo^ Øp akoln\v FgpXnsIm ncn Ww -B almxvam hns ZpBbnepw `mk`m mip Xn\pth n- F t_m[amwv Ah p Xv CXns ^eamwv B A\p{Klßsf mw. B{^n cmjv{sßfnep \ΩpsS kviqfpifpw timtfppifpw A mlphns A\p{KlØm X_veoKns am ambncn p IbmWv. C se ChnsS kndmentbmwn \n v Hcp kv{xo Xs Ip ntbmssm w Fs ImWm h ncp p. Ah ]d p: RßfpsS IpSpw_Øn Ckvemans\Ipdn v B pw Adnbpambncp n. AlvaZnøm kviqfn ]Tn p. AhnsS \n v AlvaZnbØns\ Ipdn v a\ nembn.

7 hfsc BXvam Xbpw AXnbmb Iqdpw Ah {]ISn n psim ncn p. hfsc apjvenkmb kv{xobmwh. C{]Imcw Bbnc W n\v, e W n\v BfpIfp v. Ah Cu kviqfpifn ]Tn v A mlphns A\p{Kl Øm PamAØn {]thin p. C v AXn \n v A\p{Klw ] p p. Jnem^sØ kmenkm bn t\m pi Ielap mbn. AlvaZnø Øv AtXmsS Ipgn paqss p F mwv Ah IcpXnbXv. AapkvenwIfmbn AlvaZnIsf {]Jym]n m \nbaw sim ph p. F ns p mbn. Hcp]mSmfpIsf ilozm n. Poh\jvS tømssm w kmºøni \jvshpap m n. hyhkmb߃ sim bsn p hospifpw ISIfpw Xosh p \in n p. ^mivsdniƒ v Xosh p. F n v F mwp mbxv. AlvaZnøØv AtXmsS Ahkm\nt m?. BZytØ mƒ IqSpX AlvaZnIfpsS hmz߃ v thkw IqSn. ais ap nen v ]nxmhnt\bpw ]nxmhns ap nen v ait\bpw hihcpøn. AhcpsS IpSpw_Ønse a v AwK߃ AlvaZnbØv Dt] n p t]mbn ft m?. Ahcn ÿncnnøxbpw Bflm Xbpw h n p IbmWv D mbxv. PamAØpambn v IqSpX _ w Ah p mbn. i{xp fpss Hcp ]cn]msnbpw Ah v hnpbønseøn m Ign n. HcmfpsS Cuam\n\pw Cf ap mbn. Poh\jvSw D mbh v, AXpaptJ\ hnjaw A\p`hnt nh IpSpw_mwK ߃ v B \ bn \ne\n ImcWØm F mbmepw ASpØtemIØv A mlp {]Xn ^ew \ IpI Xs snøpw, CutemIØpw Ah v AXnc v \ Inbncn p ; kmºøn ImSnÿm\Ønepw, kxyhnizmkøns ASnÿm\Ønepw. ]m nÿm\n Dd p\n h pw A mlp \ hæw A\p{Klw \ In. ]ecpw FgpXn Adnbn p p v. Bbnc W n\v apx aps nbncp h Ct mƒ e W n\pw, e W n\p apx aps nbncp h Ct mƒ timsn- -W- n\pw BkvXnbp hcmbn Xo ncn p p. \nßfpw AhnsS \n v ]pds p h Xv C mcwøm Xs bmwv. AhnsS Rcp hpw hnjahpw D mb kµ ` Øn ChnsS hcm A mlp \nßsf klm bn p. A sø Ahÿbpw C sø Ahÿ bpw XΩn X n pt\m nbm \n߃ v hxymkw kzbw ImWm Ignbpw; A mlp F{X am{xw A\p{KlamWv \nßfn snbvxn p Xv. kmºønimsnÿm\øn A mlp \nßsf F{Xam{Xw i am nbncn p p. AXp \nßtfmsv Bhiys Sp Xv A mlphns 7 apºn ho pw \n߃ Ip\nbpI F mwv. Ahs Bcm[I\mbn Pohn pi. \nßfpss k m\ßfnepw Cu ssnx\yap m pi. Cu A\p{Klw \n߃ ]m nÿm\n A\p`hn B srcp Øns bpw hnjaøns bpw A\p{KlamWv. k Ωßf\pjvTn Wsa \n_ \ Ft mgpap v, Ft mgpw \ne\n p psh Imcyw Hm pi. ]n osv Jnem^sØ dm_nbmbpss Imew h p. Ielßfpw Ipg ßfpap m m i{xp ƒ {ian p. ]s PamAØv H si mbn \n p. ]n osv B `bmhÿsb A mlp kam[m \Ønte v am n. Jnem^sØ dm_nb ÿm\ta v H pc ph jw Ign t mƒ FXncmfnIƒ DW ph p. H pc p Znhkw AXp i n ImWn p. ]ns XWpØp B ] Xn]cmP bs Spsa v I t mƒ 1984 thsdmcp ] Xn ømdm n. Jeo^Øp akolns ssiøpw Imepw si n \ni_vz\m pi F Xmbncp p ] Xn. Hcp tpmenbpw snøm A\phZn mxn cn pi. {]h Ø\w C mxmiptºmƒ PamAØv AwK߃ AkzÿcmIpw. PamAØv AwK߃ AkzÿcmIptºmƒ AXv On `n amipw. F m A mlp AhcpsS F m ] Xn Ifpw A nadn pif p. lkvdøv Jeo^Øp akoln\v AhnsS \n v ]pdøp S m\p F mhgnifpw A mlp Xpd p simspøp. Hfnt msn F p ]dbm B pw Ignbn. Xpd A co Øn ]pds p. F mhcpw Im si ]pds p. Idm nbn \n v ]Item AXncmhntetbmbmbncp p hnam\w F mwv F\n v txm p Xv. hnam\øn XSbm\p {iaw \S p. ]s A mlp AhcpsS IÆpIƒ si nif p. Ah v Xncn dnbm Ign n. PamAØns kxyxbv v CXnt\ mƒ henb as psxfnhmwpth Xv. \_n (k) Xncpta\n a bn \n v lnpdøv snbvxt mƒ D mb Imgv Ifn NneXv \mw Cu lnpvdøns kabøv Z in p. CXp aptj\ \ΩpsS Cuam IqSpX h n p. AXn\p i niqsn. ChnsS FØnbXn\p tijw hntzißfn PamAØn s\, anjs\ kwls\m]cambn i ns spøp Xn\p {iaambncp p. AXpt]se Xs ZAvhsØ Ce mbpss {]h Ø\w hfsc hnimeambnxo p. e W n\,v timsn W n\mfpiƒ PamAØn tncm XpSßn. ] osv Fw.Sn.F Bcw`n p. Hcp cmpyøv Jeo^Øp akolns i_vzw Aa snøm {ian t mƒ, Fw.Sn.F aptj\ apgptemiøpw

8 B i_vzw FØn p. i{xp fpss IpX{ ߃ Ahcnte pxs asßn. ]m nÿm\nse d_vhbn am{xamwv Jeo^Øp akolns JpXzv_ t\cn p ti ncp Xv. Ct mƒ F m ] Wßfnepw F m {Kmaßfnepw F m hospifnepw Cu i_vzw FØnsIm ncn p p. ]n osv B{^n bn P\tkh\w hfsc hnimeam n. Npcp Øn AsXmcp Atßb w A`nhr nbpss Imeambncp p. Hmtcm ]pxnb ]ptcmkxnbpambn mbncp p Hmtcm Znhkhpw ]pe ncp Xv. a\pjy Ahs {]hrøniƒ snøptºmƒ, A mlp Xt Xmb {]h Ø\w ImWn p p. a\pjys Nn bv v Hcn epw A{XtØmfsaØm IgnbpIbn. Jeo^Øp akolv dm_nav (d) h^mømbt mƒ CXp \in psh v Nne IcpXn. ImcWw PamAØns\ apt m p \bn m ] nb Bsfsbm pw _mlyambn t\m nbm ImWp n. ]s, A mlphns JpZvdØns Imgv Iƒ F mhcpw I p. Ip nifpw bphm fpw ]pcpj amcpw kv{xoi fpsa mw XßfpsS Cuam i ns SpØn. F{XtØmfsa m AlvaZnIfmbhcpw A\lv aznifmbhcpw Fw.Sn.FbneqsS AXpI p. \nßfpss Cu hyhÿxnisf mw I v Rm AXv`pXs pt]msb v Hcp kn pimc ]d Xmbn e \n Btcm Ft msp ]d p. ]m nÿm\n \ΩpsS tumivs \qcn kmln_ns ASp, Hcp ]otdm at m BsW p txm p p. NnIn mbn h p. hnhcßsf mw At±lw tnzn p. F n v Rm\pw Fw.Sn.Fbn CsX mw I ncp psh v ]d p. ]ckyambn ImWpIbn, Hfn ncp v ImWpw F v. s]mxpsh ]dbp Xpt]mse i{x fpw AsX mw I p. BImgvNIsf mw AXv`pX Icambncp p. kwkmcn psim v Abmƒ ]d p, AlvaZnømPamAØv kxyw Xs bmwv. F mepw AlvaZnøm PamAØv kxyas pxs bmwv Rm hnizkn p Xv. ]s A mlphns BZysØ km yw \nßtfmssm amsw v F\n pd mbn. A mlphns BZy km yw R߃ \piqeamiptºmƒ ]ns mwv th Xv. CXp IÆn adhowncn p hcpssimcyamwv lrzbøn adhown p hcpssimcya. `uxoi ZrjvSnsIm v t\m nbm - Hcp]s Ah CXnte p t\m pitbbn, t\m m\njvss SpIbn -Aßs\sbmcmsf A mlp Jnem^Øp ÿm\øpsim ph p. ]s A mlp Zp\nbmhns\ B{Kln p h\. lkvdøv apkvenlv auduzv (d) 8 ]d Xpt]mse: \ hæw Hm Ωn psim pi. Jeo^sb krjvsn p Xv A mlphmwv. Jeo^ a\pjy\m \n bn s hy n bmsw v ]dbp h AkXyhm\mWv. Jeo^Øp akolv auehn \qdp±o kmln_v Xs ImeL Øn Bdp h jw Cu {]iv\øn\pta i nsnepønsim ncp p, Jeo^sb \n bn p Xv A mlphmwv; a\pjy\. hmkvxhøn hnip Jp B \ hæw Nn n p ]Tn ptºmƒ a\ nemip Xv HcnSØpt]mepw a\pjy\pambn _ s SpØn AXv ]d n n. adn v F mxcw Jeo^amsc bpw kw_ n v A mlp ]d ncn p Xv Ahsc \mw \ntbmkn p psh mwv. ho pw ]dbp p: A mlp BscbmtWm Jnem^Øns ÿm\øv \ntbmkn p Xv Ah Abmƒ v ImeØn\\pkcn v Adnhpw \ Ip p; Abmƒ atb\pw A \pw hn- ÕnbpamsW n Xs bpw. CXns A w Jeo^sb \ntbmkn p Xv A mlpxs bmsw mwv. AXns A w Xs Hcmsf A mlp Jeo^bm ptºmƒ Abmƒ v Xs khntij KpW߃ \ Ip p F mwv. Abmƒ v Ah Xs KpW߃ \ Ip n s n A mlp Xm Xs bmwv Jeo^sb \ntbmkn p Xv F Xns A sa mwv?. Rm Fs t\m ptºmƒ, Fs tbmkyxbpw a pw t\m ptºmƒ, Fs m f[niw Fs A mlp, Fs D nse msw Xv Adnbp h\mwvv. At mƒ Hmtcm \nanjhpw A mlphns JpZvdØv Hm Ω hcp p. BZcWob\mb alvaqzv AlvaZv kmln_v Hcp ]ZyiIew tiƒ n pibp mbn. ap vsim _kvsl tacm auem, tacm auem ap vtim_kv Inbm Jp±m Im^o \losl ilmzøv tzjveo. CXns ] Øew Rm a\ nem p Xv Cßs\bmWv. Aebvk mlp Fs gpxnb tamxncønep A mlp axnbmbh\s, F ilmztømsp IqSnb tamxncw Jeo^Øp akoln\v e`n p p. lkvdøv akolv auduzv (A) s aq ptamxncw aq pa ƒ v e`n pi bp mbn. auem_kv F C lmw ap{zww snbvx tamxncw an km ico^v AlvaZv kmln_n\p e`n p. AXn\ptijw AsXs ]nxmhv kmln_v kmzm an km a kq AlvaZv kmln_n\pin n. At±lw h^mømbt mƒ Fs DΩ F\n XpX p. Rm\Xp kq n p sh ncn pibmbncp p. hncenenspambncp n. F m Jnem^Øp Xncs Sp n\ptijw

9 Rm\nXv CSm XpSßn. auem_kv F Xns Imgv bpw A mlp Xs Zmk\v axnbmbh\s F Xns shfns Sepw Hmtcm \nanjhpw Rm F n ImWp p. AX msx t\m nbm F\n v Hcp hnebpan. Ft msp kvt\lw P\lrZbßfnep m nbxv A mlphmwv. Hcp a\pjy\pw kvt\lap m m IgnbpIbn. lkvdøv akolv auduzv ]d Xp t]mse FXncmfnIfpsS Ifhmb c p kt mjßsf C mx nimwn pi FXncmfnIfpsS kt mj ßsf A mlp F{Xam{XamWv \ncmibm nam nbxv. Ct mƒ FXncmfnIfpw _lfw shbv p p. Nne I]ShnizmknIfpw Nne Imcy߃ ]d p \S p p. Ah F{XthW sa nepw _lfw sht ms, F{XthWsa nepw i nsnepønt ms, Jnem^Øv A mlp \ Inbn p XmWv A mlp C n p Xphsc AXv \ne\n pw. Ah\n n ptºmƒ Fs Db Øp XmWv. ]pxnb Jeo^ hcp XmWv. ]s Rm Jeo^Øp akolv A ens hm pifn ]dbp p: Jeo^sb am pisb Xv Hcp a\pjys bpw Ignhn s] X. ^nxv\ D m n hnpbw t\sm\pw IgnbpIbn. PamAØv A mlphns A\p{KlØm hfsc i amwv. i ambn ]WnXn p `nønt]mse bmwv. B{^n bn Rm ]cys\w \SØpIbp mbn. Fs Hcn epw I n nemøh t]mepw h jßfmbn v I n n mø _ p sfimwp Xpt]mep kt mj tømssbmwv Fs bspøv h Xv. CsX mw F mwv?. AhcpsS apjøv kt mjøns {]IS\w Rm I Xv F mwv bm{xbpss hnjaßfpw ZpcnXßfpw kln v Ah h p. CsX mw F mwv?. P\ßsf ImWn p Xn\p th nbmtwm?. CsX mw Jnem^Ønt\mSp kvt\lamwv. Zqcÿeßfn Xmakn p BfpIfnepw A mlp Cu kvt\lw D m nbn cn p p. GsXm ns\ A mlp krjvsn p p thm AXns\ a\pjys ]cn{iaw sim v AI m Ignbp sxßs\?. F{XthWsa n epw ]b nsim pi. kv{xoisfbpw Ip nisfbpw ]pcpj amscbpw Ic psim v Rßsf t\m p Xv Rm I p. CsX mw Jnem^ Ønt\mSp \ne\ p kvt\lsam p Translated by Page Layout & Type Set Published by 9 am{xamwv. Ip niƒ AtßmSpw CtßmSpw HSn\S v CSbv v HmSnh v kvt\ltømss si n]nsn p p. CXv A mlp AhcpsS D n krjvsn XmWv. AXmsc nepw ]d psimspøv snøn m Aßs\bmIpIbn. AhcpsS amxm]nxm ƒ B Ip nisf si n nsn p p. Jeo^Øp akolv XßfpsS Ip nsf si n]nsn p F H ImcWØmemWXv. CsX mw AlvaZnøØv kxyamsw Xn \p sxfnhmwv. IÆn Imgv bp h v CXp ImWm Ignbpw. Ipd pt] ap Ø ±mbn t mipitbm As n I]S]camb Imcy߃ kwkmcn pitbm snbvxm \ap sxmcp {]iv\tab. Hcp \n `mky t]mipibmsw n t]mis. AXp \ XmWv. ]pi sim n ]pd Øv. Ah Xs Zpjn A yønte mwv NphSpsh p Xv. AXmbncp Ahs hn[n. AXnte mwh t]mip Xv. ]s H p t]miptºmƒ AXn\p ]Icw A mlp \qdpiw n\p \ BXvam sf AlvaZnbØn sim phcp p. Hm Ωn psim pi. Ah kxyamb hmkvzm\w snøp A mlphmip p. Ah C pw B {]bs akolns {]nb PamAØns ta ssish ncn p p. Ah Hcn epw \Ωsf Dt] n pifbpibn. Hcn epw Dt] n pibn. Hcn epw Dt] n pibn. Ah Xs akolnt\msp snbvx hmkvzm\w C pw ]q Ønbm nsim n c p p; ap Imeßfn snbvxncp Xpt]mse C im A mlv Ah ISmXv n psim ncn p XmWv. FhnsSsb nepw Hcp hy n A mlphns Iev]\b\pkcn v Pohn msx kzbw h nx\mim ]msn. kzbw \jvss SpØnIfbm ]msn.axpsim v ZpBbn apgpin, Ah\n \n v Ahs A\p{Klw txsnsim v Ft mgpw Ahs ]Sn howpins pi. Cu i amb hfbsø ssiøn v apdpsi ]nsn pi. Aßs\bmbm \nßfpss tcmasø kv] in m t]mepw IgnbpIbn. A mlp F mh pw CXn\p Xu^oJv \ IpamdmIs. Bao. JUMA KHUTHUBA HADHRAT MIRZA MASROOR AHMAD KHALIFATHUL MASIH - V on at Germany. : Moulavi Muhammad Ismail. H.A Fort Kochi : Majlis Khuddamul Ahmadiyya, Kakkanad : Majlis Khuddamul Ahmadiyya, Kerala

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