UNIT 5 QUADRATIC FUNCTIONS Lesson 3: Creating Quadratic Equations in Two or More Variables Instruction

Save this PDF as:
Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "UNIT 5 QUADRATIC FUNCTIONS Lesson 3: Creating Quadratic Equations in Two or More Variables Instruction"

Transcription

1 Lesson 3: Creting Qudrtic Equtions in Two or More Vriles Prerequisite Skills This lesson requires the use of the following skill: solving equtions with degree of Introduction 1 The formul for finding the re of trpezoid, A= ( + ) h, is formul ecuse it involves two 1 or more vriles tht hve specific nd specil reltionships with the other vriles. In this cse, the formul involves four vriles: 1, se of the trpezoid;, the other se of the trpezoid; h, the height of the trpezoid; nd A, the re of the trpezoid. When you rerrnge the formul, you re simply chnging the focus of the formul. In its given form, the focus is A, the re. However, when it is necessry to find the height, h ecomes the focus of the formul nd thus is isolted using proper lgeric properties. In this lesson, you will rerrnge literl equtions (equtions tht involve two or more vriles) nd formuls with degree of. Key Concepts Literl equtions nd formuls contin equl signs. Just s in ny other eqution, we must pply proper lgeric properties to mintin lnce when chnging the focus of n eqution or formul. Tht is, if you sutrct vlue from one side of the eqution, you must do the sme to the other side, nd so on. When you chnge the focus of literl eqution or formul, you re isolting the vrile in question. To isolte vrile tht is squred, perform the inverse opertion y tking the squre root of oth sides of the eqution. When you tke the squre root of rel numer there re two solutions: one is positive nd the other is negtive. Tke (), for exmple. When you squre, the result is. The sme, however, is true for ( ). When you squre, the result is still ecuse the product of two negtives is positive. In other words, ( ) =. U5-171

2 Lesson 3: Creting Qudrtic Equtions in Two or More Vriles Since tking squre root involves finding numer tht you cn multiply y itself to result in the squre, we must tke into ccount oth the positive nd negtive. Tht is, =±. When solving for squred term of formul, the focus is importnt in determining whether to use two solutions. If the focus is ny quntity tht would never e negtive in rel life, such s distnce, time, or popultion, it is pproprite to ignore the negtive. When solving for vrile in multi-step eqution, first isolte the term contining the vrile using sutrction or ddition. Then determine which opertions re pplied to the vrile, nd undo them in reverse order. Common Errors/Misconceptions forgetting to use the inverse opertions in the correct order forgetting tht there re likely two solutions (one positive nd one negtive) when solving for squred term U5-17

3 Lesson 3: Creting Qudrtic Equtions in Two or More Vriles Guided Prctice Exmple 1 Solve the eqution x + y = 100 for y. 1. Isolte y. Begin y sutrcting x from oth sides. x + y = 100 y = 100 x Originl eqution Sutrct x from oth sides. y y = 100 x Tke the squre root of oth sides. =± 100 x Simplify, rememering tht the result could e positive or negtive.. Summrize your result. The formul x + y = 100 cn e rewritten s y=± 100 Exmple Solve y = 3(x 7) + 8 for x. 1. Isolte x. y = 3(x 7) + 8 y 8 = 3(x 7) Given eqution Sutrct 8 from oth sides. y 8 3 x 7 = 3 3 Divide oth sides y 3. y 8 = ( x 7 ) 3 y 8 = 3 ( x 7 ) Tke the squre root of oth sides. ± y 8 = x 7 3 7± y 8 = x 3 Add 7 to oth sides. x. U5-173

4 Lesson 3: Creting Qudrtic Equtions in Two or More Vriles. Summrize your result. The eqution y = 3(x 7) + 8 solved for x is x = 7± y 8 3. Exmple 3 The formul for the re of squre is A = s, where s is the length of side of the squre. Solve the formul for s. 1. Isolte s. A = s A= Formul for the re of squre s Tke the squre root of oth sides. ± A= s. Summrize your result. In this cse, the length of squre cnnot e negtive (or it would not exist), so the negtive is disregrded. The eqution A = s solved for s is s= A. U5-174

5 Lesson 3: Creting Qudrtic Equtions in Two or More Vriles Exmple 4 y k The eqution to grph n ellipse is + = 1, where (h, is the center of the ellipse, is the numer of units right nd left of the center on the ellipse, nd is the numer of units up nd down from the center on the ellipse. Solve the formul for. y (h, x 1. Isolte. = y k + 1 Eqution of n ellipse y k = Sutrct the frction 1 from oth sides. y k 1 = ( ) Multiply oth sides y. y k = (continued) U5-175

6 Lesson 3: Creting Qudrtic Equtions in Two or More Vriles ± ± = = y k = y k = = Divide ech side y. Tke the squre root of oth sides.. Summrize your result. Since is the horizontl distnce from the center of the ellipse, this is nother sitution where we disregrd the negtive. = y k The eqution + 1 solved for is = x h y k. U5-176

Section 3.1: Exponent Properties

Section 3.1: Exponent Properties Section.1: Exponent Properties Ojective: Simplify expressions using the properties of exponents. Prolems with exponents cn often e simplied using few sic exponent properties. Exponents represent repeted

More information

Chapter 1: Logarithmic functions and indices

Chapter 1: Logarithmic functions and indices Chpter : Logrithmic functions nd indices. You cn simplify epressions y using rules of indices m n m n m n m n ( m ) n mn m m m m n m m n Emple Simplify these epressions: 5 r r c 4 4 d 6 5 e ( ) f ( ) 4

More information

PART 1 MULTIPLE CHOICE Circle the appropriate response to each of the questions below. Each question has a value of 1 point.

PART 1 MULTIPLE CHOICE Circle the appropriate response to each of the questions below. Each question has a value of 1 point. PART MULTIPLE CHOICE Circle the pproprite response to ech of the questions below. Ech question hs vlue of point.. If in sequence the second level difference is constnt, thn the sequence is:. rithmetic

More information

Bridging the gap: GCSE AS Level

Bridging the gap: GCSE AS Level Bridging the gp: GCSE AS Level CONTENTS Chpter Removing rckets pge Chpter Liner equtions Chpter Simultneous equtions 8 Chpter Fctors 0 Chpter Chnge the suject of the formul Chpter 6 Solving qudrtic equtions

More information

Linear Inequalities. Work Sheet 1

Linear Inequalities. Work Sheet 1 Work Sheet 1 Liner Inequlities Rent--Hep, cr rentl compny,chrges $ 15 per week plus $ 0.0 per mile to rent one of their crs. Suppose you re limited y how much money you cn spend for the week : You cn spend

More information

Identify graphs of linear inequalities on a number line.

Identify graphs of linear inequalities on a number line. COMPETENCY 1.0 KNOWLEDGE OF ALGEBRA SKILL 1.1 Identify grphs of liner inequlities on number line. - When grphing first-degree eqution, solve for the vrible. The grph of this solution will be single point

More information

AQA Further Pure 1. Complex Numbers. Section 1: Introduction to Complex Numbers. The number system

AQA Further Pure 1. Complex Numbers. Section 1: Introduction to Complex Numbers. The number system Complex Numbers Section 1: Introduction to Complex Numbers Notes nd Exmples These notes contin subsections on The number system Adding nd subtrcting complex numbers Multiplying complex numbers Complex

More information

AT100 - Introductory Algebra. Section 2.7: Inequalities. x a. x a. x < a

AT100 - Introductory Algebra. Section 2.7: Inequalities. x a. x a. x < a Section 2.7: Inequlities In this section, we will Determine if given vlue is solution to n inequlity Solve given inequlity or compound inequlity; give the solution in intervl nottion nd the solution 2.7

More information

UNIT 1 FUNCTIONS AND THEIR INVERSES Lesson 1.4: Logarithmic Functions as Inverses Instruction

UNIT 1 FUNCTIONS AND THEIR INVERSES Lesson 1.4: Logarithmic Functions as Inverses Instruction Lesson : Logrithmic Functions s Inverses Prerequisite Skills This lesson requires the use of the following skills: determining the dependent nd independent vribles in n exponentil function bsed on dt from

More information

I do slope intercept form With my shades on Martin-Gay, Developmental Mathematics

I do slope intercept form With my shades on Martin-Gay, Developmental Mathematics AAT-A Dte: 1//1 SWBAT simplify rdicls. Do Now: ACT Prep HW Requests: Pg 49 #17-45 odds Continue Vocb sheet In Clss: Complete Skills Prctice WS HW: Complete Worksheets For Wednesdy stmped pges Bring stmped

More information

Chapters Five Notes SN AA U1C5

Chapters Five Notes SN AA U1C5 Chpters Five Notes SN AA U1C5 Nme Period Section 5-: Fctoring Qudrtic Epressions When you took lger, you lerned tht the first thing involved in fctoring is to mke sure to fctor out ny numers or vriles

More information

Evaluating Definite Integrals. There are a few properties that you should remember in order to assist you in evaluating definite integrals.

Evaluating Definite Integrals. There are a few properties that you should remember in order to assist you in evaluating definite integrals. Evluting Definite Integrls There re few properties tht you should rememer in order to ssist you in evluting definite integrls. f x dx= ; where k is ny rel constnt k f x dx= k f x dx ± = ± f x g x dx f

More information

How can we approximate the area of a region in the plane? What is an interpretation of the area under the graph of a velocity function?

How can we approximate the area of a region in the plane? What is an interpretation of the area under the graph of a velocity function? Mth 125 Summry Here re some thoughts I ws hving while considering wht to put on the first midterm. The core of your studying should be the ssigned homework problems: mke sure you relly understnd those

More information

1 ELEMENTARY ALGEBRA and GEOMETRY READINESS DIAGNOSTIC TEST PRACTICE

1 ELEMENTARY ALGEBRA and GEOMETRY READINESS DIAGNOSTIC TEST PRACTICE ELEMENTARY ALGEBRA nd GEOMETRY READINESS DIAGNOSTIC TEST PRACTICE Directions: Study the exmples, work the prolems, then check your nswers t the end of ech topic. If you don t get the nswer given, check

More information

A-Level Mathematics Transition Task (compulsory for all maths students and all further maths student)

A-Level Mathematics Transition Task (compulsory for all maths students and all further maths student) A-Level Mthemtics Trnsition Tsk (compulsory for ll mths students nd ll further mths student) Due: st Lesson of the yer. Length: - hours work (depending on prior knowledge) This trnsition tsk provides revision

More information

Multiplying integers EXERCISE 2B INDIVIDUAL PATHWAYS. -6 ì 4 = -6 ì 0 = 4 ì 0 = -6 ì 3 = -5 ì -3 = 4 ì 3 = 4 ì 2 = 4 ì 1 = -5 ì -2 = -6 ì 2 = -6 ì 1 =

Multiplying integers EXERCISE 2B INDIVIDUAL PATHWAYS. -6 ì 4 = -6 ì 0 = 4 ì 0 = -6 ì 3 = -5 ì -3 = 4 ì 3 = 4 ì 2 = 4 ì 1 = -5 ì -2 = -6 ì 2 = -6 ì 1 = EXERCISE B INDIVIDUAL PATHWAYS Activity -B- Integer multipliction doc-69 Activity -B- More integer multipliction doc-698 Activity -B- Advnced integer multipliction doc-699 Multiplying integers FLUENCY

More information

Math 017. Materials With Exercises

Math 017. Materials With Exercises Mth 07 Mterils With Eercises Jul 0 TABLE OF CONTENTS Lesson Vriles nd lgeric epressions; Evlution of lgeric epressions... Lesson Algeric epressions nd their evlutions; Order of opertions....... Lesson

More information

8. Complex Numbers. We can combine the real numbers with this new imaginary number to form the complex numbers.

8. Complex Numbers. We can combine the real numbers with this new imaginary number to form the complex numbers. 8. Complex Numers The rel numer system is dequte for solving mny mthemticl prolems. But it is necessry to extend the rel numer system to solve numer of importnt prolems. Complex numers do not chnge the

More information

Stage 11 Prompt Sheet

Stage 11 Prompt Sheet Stge 11 rompt Sheet 11/1 Simplify surds is NOT surd ecuse it is exctly is surd ecuse the nswer is not exct surd is n irrtionl numer To simplify surds look for squre numer fctors 7 = = 11/ Mnipulte expressions

More information

Chapter 6 Techniques of Integration

Chapter 6 Techniques of Integration MA Techniques of Integrtion Asst.Prof.Dr.Suprnee Liswdi Chpter 6 Techniques of Integrtion Recll: Some importnt integrls tht we hve lernt so fr. Tle of Integrls n+ n d = + C n + e d = e + C ( n ) d = ln

More information

Vectors , (0,0). 5. A vector is commonly denoted by putting an arrow above its symbol, as in the picture above. Here are some 3-dimensional vectors:

Vectors , (0,0). 5. A vector is commonly denoted by putting an arrow above its symbol, as in the picture above. Here are some 3-dimensional vectors: Vectors 1-23-2018 I ll look t vectors from n lgeric point of view nd geometric point of view. Algericlly, vector is n ordered list of (usully) rel numers. Here re some 2-dimensionl vectors: (2, 3), ( )

More information

approaches as n becomes larger and larger. Since e > 1, the graph of the natural exponential function is as below

approaches as n becomes larger and larger. Since e > 1, the graph of the natural exponential function is as below . Eponentil nd rithmic functions.1 Eponentil Functions A function of the form f() =, > 0, 1 is clled n eponentil function. Its domin is the set of ll rel f ( 1) numbers. For n eponentil function f we hve.

More information

THE DISCRIMINANT & ITS APPLICATIONS

THE DISCRIMINANT & ITS APPLICATIONS THE DISCRIMINANT & ITS APPLICATIONS The discriminnt ( Δ ) is the epression tht is locted under the squre root sign in the qudrtic formul i.e. Δ b c. For emple: Given +, Δ () ( )() The discriminnt is used

More information

Read section 3.3, 3.4 Announcements:

Read section 3.3, 3.4 Announcements: Dte: 3/1/13 Objective: SWBAT pply properties of exponentil functions nd will pply properties of rithms. Bell Ringer: 1. f x = 3x 6, find the inverse, f 1 x., Using your grphing clcultor, Grph 1. f x,f

More information

AQA Further Pure 2. Hyperbolic Functions. Section 2: The inverse hyperbolic functions

AQA Further Pure 2. Hyperbolic Functions. Section 2: The inverse hyperbolic functions Hperbolic Functions Section : The inverse hperbolic functions Notes nd Emples These notes contin subsections on The inverse hperbolic functions Integrtion using the inverse hperbolic functions Logrithmic

More information

Introduction to Algebra - Part 2

Introduction to Algebra - Part 2 Alger Module A Introduction to Alger - Prt Copright This puliction The Northern Alert Institute of Technolog 00. All Rights Reserved. LAST REVISED Oct., 008 Introduction to Alger - Prt Sttement of Prerequisite

More information

Polynomials and Division Theory

Polynomials and Division Theory Higher Checklist (Unit ) Higher Checklist (Unit ) Polynomils nd Division Theory Skill Achieved? Know tht polynomil (expression) is of the form: n x + n x n + n x n + + n x + x + 0 where the i R re the

More information

Pre-Session Review. Part 1: Basic Algebra; Linear Functions and Graphs

Pre-Session Review. Part 1: Basic Algebra; Linear Functions and Graphs Pre-Session Review Prt 1: Bsic Algebr; Liner Functions nd Grphs A. Generl Review nd Introduction to Algebr Hierrchy of Arithmetic Opertions Opertions in ny expression re performed in the following order:

More information

Calculus Module C21. Areas by Integration. Copyright This publication The Northern Alberta Institute of Technology All Rights Reserved.

Calculus Module C21. Areas by Integration. Copyright This publication The Northern Alberta Institute of Technology All Rights Reserved. Clculus Module C Ares Integrtion Copright This puliction The Northern Alert Institute of Technolog 7. All Rights Reserved. LAST REVISED Mrch, 9 Introduction to Ares Integrtion Sttement of Prerequisite

More information

4 7x =250; 5 3x =500; Read section 3.3, 3.4 Announcements: Bell Ringer: Use your calculator to solve

4 7x =250; 5 3x =500; Read section 3.3, 3.4 Announcements: Bell Ringer: Use your calculator to solve Dte: 3/14/13 Objective: SWBAT pply properties of exponentil functions nd will pply properties of rithms. Bell Ringer: Use your clcultor to solve 4 7x =250; 5 3x =500; HW Requests: Properties of Log Equtions

More information

fractions Let s Learn to

fractions Let s Learn to 5 simple lgebric frctions corne lens pupil retin Norml vision light focused on the retin concve lens Shortsightedness (myopi) light focused in front of the retin Corrected myopi light focused on the retin

More information

Math 154B Elementary Algebra-2 nd Half Spring 2015

Math 154B Elementary Algebra-2 nd Half Spring 2015 Mth 154B Elementry Alger- nd Hlf Spring 015 Study Guide for Exm 4, Chpter 9 Exm 4 is scheduled for Thursdy, April rd. You my use " x 5" note crd (oth sides) nd scientific clcultor. You re expected to know

More information

Topics Covered AP Calculus AB

Topics Covered AP Calculus AB Topics Covered AP Clculus AB ) Elementry Functions ) Properties of Functions i) A function f is defined s set of ll ordered pirs (, y), such tht for ech element, there corresponds ectly one element y.

More information

2.4 Linear Inequalities and Interval Notation

2.4 Linear Inequalities and Interval Notation .4 Liner Inequlities nd Intervl Nottion We wnt to solve equtions tht hve n inequlity symol insted of n equl sign. There re four inequlity symols tht we will look t: Less thn , Less thn or

More information

I. Equations of a Circle a. At the origin center= r= b. Standard from: center= r=

I. Equations of a Circle a. At the origin center= r= b. Standard from: center= r= 11.: Circle & Ellipse I cn Write the eqution of circle given specific informtion Grph circle in coordinte plne. Grph n ellipse nd determine ll criticl informtion. Write the eqution of n ellipse from rel

More information

than 1. It means in particular that the function is decreasing and approaching the x-

than 1. It means in particular that the function is decreasing and approaching the x- 6 Preclculus Review Grph the functions ) (/) ) log y = b y = Solution () The function y = is n eponentil function with bse smller thn It mens in prticulr tht the function is decresing nd pproching the

More information

7.1 Integral as Net Change and 7.2 Areas in the Plane Calculus

7.1 Integral as Net Change and 7.2 Areas in the Plane Calculus 7.1 Integrl s Net Chnge nd 7. Ares in the Plne Clculus 7.1 INTEGRAL AS NET CHANGE Notecrds from 7.1: Displcement vs Totl Distnce, Integrl s Net Chnge We hve lredy seen how the position of n oject cn e

More information

Matrix Algebra. Matrix Addition, Scalar Multiplication and Transposition. Linear Algebra I 24

Matrix Algebra. Matrix Addition, Scalar Multiplication and Transposition. Linear Algebra I 24 Mtrix lger Mtrix ddition, Sclr Multipliction nd rnsposition Mtrix lger Section.. Mtrix ddition, Sclr Multipliction nd rnsposition rectngulr rry of numers is clled mtrix ( the plurl is mtrices ) nd the

More information

Geometric Sequences. Geometric Sequence a sequence whose consecutive terms have a common ratio.

Geometric Sequences. Geometric Sequence a sequence whose consecutive terms have a common ratio. Geometric Sequences Geometric Sequence sequence whose consecutive terms hve common rtio. Geometric Sequence A sequence is geometric if the rtios of consecutive terms re the sme. 2 3 4... 2 3 The number

More information

Introduction to Group Theory

Introduction to Group Theory Introduction to Group Theory Let G be n rbitrry set of elements, typiclly denoted s, b, c,, tht is, let G = {, b, c, }. A binry opertion in G is rule tht ssocites with ech ordered pir (,b) of elements

More information

1 ELEMENTARY ALGEBRA and GEOMETRY READINESS DIAGNOSTIC TEST PRACTICE

1 ELEMENTARY ALGEBRA and GEOMETRY READINESS DIAGNOSTIC TEST PRACTICE ELEMENTARY ALGEBRA nd GEOMETRY READINESS DIAGNOSTIC TEST PRACTICE Directions: Study the exmples, work the prolems, then check your nswers t the end of ech topic. If you don t get the nswer given, check

More information

September 13 Homework Solutions

September 13 Homework Solutions College of Engineering nd Computer Science Mechnicl Engineering Deprtment Mechnicl Engineering 5A Seminr in Engineering Anlysis Fll Ticket: 5966 Instructor: Lrry Cretto Septemer Homework Solutions. Are

More information

Formulae For. Standard Formulae Of Integrals: x dx k, n 1. log. a dx a k. cosec x.cot xdx cosec. e dx e k. sec. ax dx ax k. 1 1 a x.

Formulae For. Standard Formulae Of Integrals: x dx k, n 1. log. a dx a k. cosec x.cot xdx cosec. e dx e k. sec. ax dx ax k. 1 1 a x. Forule For Stndrd Forule Of Integrls: u Integrl Clculus By OP Gupt [Indir Awrd Winner, +9-965 35 48] A B C D n n k, n n log k k log e e k k E sin cos k F cos sin G tn log sec k OR log cos k H cot log sin

More information

Designing Information Devices and Systems I Discussion 8B

Designing Information Devices and Systems I Discussion 8B Lst Updted: 2018-10-17 19:40 1 EECS 16A Fll 2018 Designing Informtion Devices nd Systems I Discussion 8B 1. Why Bother With Thévenin Anywy? () Find Thévenin eqiuvlent for the circuit shown elow. 2kΩ 5V

More information

Math 1102: Calculus I (Math/Sci majors) MWF 3pm, Fulton Hall 230 Homework 2 solutions

Math 1102: Calculus I (Math/Sci majors) MWF 3pm, Fulton Hall 230 Homework 2 solutions Mth 1102: Clculus I (Mth/Sci mjors) MWF 3pm, Fulton Hll 230 Homework 2 solutions Plese write netly, nd show ll work. Cution: An nswer with no work is wrong! Do the following problems from Chpter III: 6,

More information

Lecture 6. Notes. Notes. Notes. Representations Z A B and A B R. BTE Electronics Fundamentals August Bern University of Applied Sciences

Lecture 6. Notes. Notes. Notes. Representations Z A B and A B R. BTE Electronics Fundamentals August Bern University of Applied Sciences Lecture 6 epresenttions epresenttions TE52 - Electronics Fundmentls ugust 24 ern University of pplied ciences ev. c2d5c88 6. Integers () sign-nd-mgnitude representtion The set of integers contins the Nturl

More information

Lesson 1: Quadratic Equations

Lesson 1: Quadratic Equations Lesson 1: Qudrtic Equtions Qudrtic Eqution: The qudrtic eqution in form is. In this section, we will review 4 methods of qudrtic equtions, nd when it is most to use ech method. 1. 3.. 4. Method 1: Fctoring

More information

Before we can begin Ch. 3 on Radicals, we need to be familiar with perfect squares, cubes, etc. Try and do as many as you can without a calculator!!!

Before we can begin Ch. 3 on Radicals, we need to be familiar with perfect squares, cubes, etc. Try and do as many as you can without a calculator!!! Nme: Algebr II Honors Pre-Chpter Homework Before we cn begin Ch on Rdicls, we need to be fmilir with perfect squres, cubes, etc Try nd do s mny s you cn without clcultor!!! n The nth root of n n Be ble

More information

Number systems: the Real Number System

Number systems: the Real Number System Numer systems: the Rel Numer System syllusref eferenceence Core topic: Rel nd complex numer systems In this ch chpter A Clssifiction of numers B Recurring decimls C Rel nd complex numers D Surds: suset

More information

Lecture 3. In this lecture, we will discuss algorithms for solving systems of linear equations.

Lecture 3. In this lecture, we will discuss algorithms for solving systems of linear equations. Lecture 3 3 Solving liner equtions In this lecture we will discuss lgorithms for solving systems of liner equtions Multiplictive identity Let us restrict ourselves to considering squre mtrices since one

More information

Advanced Algebra & Trigonometry Midterm Review Packet

Advanced Algebra & Trigonometry Midterm Review Packet Nme Dte Advnced Alger & Trigonometry Midterm Review Pcket The Advnced Alger & Trigonometry midterm em will test your generl knowledge of the mteril we hve covered since the eginning of the school yer.

More information

4.4 Areas, Integrals and Antiderivatives

4.4 Areas, Integrals and Antiderivatives . res, integrls nd ntiderivtives 333. Ares, Integrls nd Antiderivtives This section explores properties of functions defined s res nd exmines some connections mong res, integrls nd ntiderivtives. In order

More information

2. VECTORS AND MATRICES IN 3 DIMENSIONS

2. VECTORS AND MATRICES IN 3 DIMENSIONS 2 VECTORS AND MATRICES IN 3 DIMENSIONS 21 Extending the Theory of 2-dimensionl Vectors x A point in 3-dimensionl spce cn e represented y column vector of the form y z z-xis y-xis z x y x-xis Most of the

More information

ARITHMETIC OPERATIONS. The real numbers have the following properties: a b c ab ac

ARITHMETIC OPERATIONS. The real numbers have the following properties: a b c ab ac REVIEW OF ALGEBRA Here we review the bsic rules nd procedures of lgebr tht you need to know in order to be successful in clculus. ARITHMETIC OPERATIONS The rel numbers hve the following properties: b b

More information

Things to Memorize: A Partial List. January 27, 2017

Things to Memorize: A Partial List. January 27, 2017 Things to Memorize: A Prtil List Jnury 27, 2017 Chpter 2 Vectors - Bsic Fcts A vector hs mgnitude (lso clled size/length/norm) nd direction. It does not hve fixed position, so the sme vector cn e moved

More information

IMPOSSIBLE NAVIGATION

IMPOSSIBLE NAVIGATION Sclrs versus Vectors IMPOSSIBLE NAVIGATION The need for mgnitude AND direction Sclr: A quntity tht hs mgnitude (numer with units) ut no direction. Vector: A quntity tht hs oth mgnitude (displcement) nd

More information

SUMMER KNOWHOW STUDY AND LEARNING CENTRE

SUMMER KNOWHOW STUDY AND LEARNING CENTRE SUMMER KNOWHOW STUDY AND LEARNING CENTRE Indices & Logrithms 2 Contents Indices.2 Frctionl Indices.4 Logrithms 6 Exponentil equtions. Simplifying Surds 13 Opertions on Surds..16 Scientific Nottion..18

More information

4 VECTORS. 4.0 Introduction. Objectives. Activity 1

4 VECTORS. 4.0 Introduction. Objectives. Activity 1 4 VECTRS Chpter 4 Vectors jectives fter studying this chpter you should understnd the difference etween vectors nd sclrs; e le to find the mgnitude nd direction of vector; e le to dd vectors, nd multiply

More information

How do we solve these things, especially when they get complicated? How do we know when a system has a solution, and when is it unique?

How do we solve these things, especially when they get complicated? How do we know when a system has a solution, and when is it unique? XII. LINEAR ALGEBRA: SOLVING SYSTEMS OF EQUATIONS Tody we re going to tlk out solving systems of liner equtions. These re prolems tht give couple of equtions with couple of unknowns, like: 6= x + x 7=

More information

( ) as a fraction. Determine location of the highest

( ) as a fraction. Determine location of the highest AB Clculus Exm Review Sheet - Solutions A. Preclculus Type prolems A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 A7 This is wht you think of doing Find the zeros of f ( x). Set function equl to 0. Fctor or use qudrtic eqution if

More information

Operations with Polynomials

Operations with Polynomials 38 Chpter P Prerequisites P.4 Opertions with Polynomils Wht you should lern: How to identify the leding coefficients nd degrees of polynomils How to dd nd subtrct polynomils How to multiply polynomils

More information

AB Calculus Review Sheet

AB Calculus Review Sheet AB Clculus Review Sheet Legend: A Preclculus, B Limits, C Differentil Clculus, D Applictions of Differentil Clculus, E Integrl Clculus, F Applictions of Integrl Clculus, G Prticle Motion nd Rtes This is

More information

CH 9 INTRO TO EQUATIONS

CH 9 INTRO TO EQUATIONS CH 9 INTRO TO EQUATIONS INTRODUCTION I m thinking of number. If I dd 10 to the number, the result is 5. Wht number ws I thinking of? R emember this question from Chpter 1? Now we re redy to formlize the

More information

Analytically, vectors will be represented by lowercase bold-face Latin letters, e.g. a, r, q.

Analytically, vectors will be represented by lowercase bold-face Latin letters, e.g. a, r, q. 1.1 Vector Alger 1.1.1 Sclrs A physicl quntity which is completely descried y single rel numer is clled sclr. Physiclly, it is something which hs mgnitude, nd is completely descried y this mgnitude. Exmples

More information

( ) where f ( x ) is a. AB Calculus Exam Review Sheet. A. Precalculus Type problems. Find the zeros of f ( x).

( ) where f ( x ) is a. AB Calculus Exam Review Sheet. A. Precalculus Type problems. Find the zeros of f ( x). AB Clculus Exm Review Sheet A. Preclculus Type prolems A1 Find the zeros of f ( x). This is wht you think of doing A2 A3 Find the intersection of f ( x) nd g( x). Show tht f ( x) is even. A4 Show tht f

More information

Lecture 3. Introduction digital logic. Notes. Notes. Notes. Representations. February Bern University of Applied Sciences.

Lecture 3. Introduction digital logic. Notes. Notes. Notes. Representations. February Bern University of Applied Sciences. Lecture 3 Ferury 6 ern University of pplied ciences ev. f57fc 3. We hve seen tht circuit cn hve multiple (n) inputs, e.g.,, C, We hve lso seen tht circuit cn hve multiple (m) outputs, e.g. X, Y,, ; or

More information

set is not closed under matrix [ multiplication, ] and does not form a group.

set is not closed under matrix [ multiplication, ] and does not form a group. Prolem 2.3: Which of the following collections of 2 2 mtrices with rel entries form groups under [ mtrix ] multipliction? i) Those of the form for which c d 2 Answer: The set of such mtrices is not closed

More information

Quotient Rule: am a n = am n (a 0) Negative Exponents: a n = 1 (a 0) an Power Rules: (a m ) n = a m n (ab) m = a m b m

Quotient Rule: am a n = am n (a 0) Negative Exponents: a n = 1 (a 0) an Power Rules: (a m ) n = a m n (ab) m = a m b m Formuls nd Concepts MAT 099: Intermedite Algebr repring for Tests: The formuls nd concepts here m not be inclusive. You should first tke our prctice test with no notes or help to see wht mteril ou re comfortble

More information

Review of Calculus, cont d

Review of Calculus, cont d Jim Lmbers MAT 460 Fll Semester 2009-10 Lecture 3 Notes These notes correspond to Section 1.1 in the text. Review of Clculus, cont d Riemnn Sums nd the Definite Integrl There re mny cses in which some

More information

The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus. The Total Change Theorem and the Area Under a Curve.

The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus. The Total Change Theorem and the Area Under a Curve. Clculus Li Vs The Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus. The Totl Chnge Theorem nd the Are Under Curve. Recll the following fct from Clculus course. If continuous function f(x) represents the rte of chnge of F

More information

( ) Same as above but m = f x = f x - symmetric to y-axis. find where f ( x) Relative: Find where f ( x) x a + lim exists ( lim f exists.

( ) Same as above but m = f x = f x - symmetric to y-axis. find where f ( x) Relative: Find where f ( x) x a + lim exists ( lim f exists. AP Clculus Finl Review Sheet solutions When you see the words This is wht you think of doing Find the zeros Set function =, fctor or use qudrtic eqution if qudrtic, grph to find zeros on clcultor Find

More information

Nat 5 USAP 3(b) This booklet contains : Questions on Topics covered in RHS USAP 3(b) Exam Type Questions Answers. Sourced from PEGASYS

Nat 5 USAP 3(b) This booklet contains : Questions on Topics covered in RHS USAP 3(b) Exam Type Questions Answers. Sourced from PEGASYS Nt USAP This ooklet contins : Questions on Topics covered in RHS USAP Em Tpe Questions Answers Sourced from PEGASYS USAP EF. Reducing n lgeric epression to its simplest form / where nd re of the form (

More information

Chapter 9 Definite Integrals

Chapter 9 Definite Integrals Chpter 9 Definite Integrls In the previous chpter we found how to tke n ntiderivtive nd investigted the indefinite integrl. In this chpter the connection etween ntiderivtives nd definite integrls is estlished

More information

Higher Checklist (Unit 3) Higher Checklist (Unit 3) Vectors

Higher Checklist (Unit 3) Higher Checklist (Unit 3) Vectors Vectors Skill Achieved? Know tht sclr is quntity tht hs only size (no direction) Identify rel-life exmples of sclrs such s, temperture, mss, distnce, time, speed, energy nd electric chrge Know tht vector

More information

u( t) + K 2 ( ) = 1 t > 0 Analyzing Damped Oscillations Problem (Meador, example 2-18, pp 44-48): Determine the equation of the following graph.

u( t) + K 2 ( ) = 1 t > 0 Analyzing Damped Oscillations Problem (Meador, example 2-18, pp 44-48): Determine the equation of the following graph. nlyzing Dmped Oscilltions Prolem (Medor, exmple 2-18, pp 44-48): Determine the eqution of the following grph. The eqution is ssumed to e of the following form f ( t) = K 1 u( t) + K 2 e!"t sin (#t + $

More information

Review of Gaussian Quadrature method

Review of Gaussian Quadrature method Review of Gussin Qudrture method Nsser M. Asi Spring 006 compiled on Sundy Decemer 1, 017 t 09:1 PM 1 The prolem To find numericl vlue for the integrl of rel vlued function of rel vrile over specific rnge

More information

Vyacheslav Telnin. Search for New Numbers.

Vyacheslav Telnin. Search for New Numbers. Vycheslv Telnin Serch for New Numbers. 1 CHAPTER I 2 I.1 Introduction. In 1984, in the first issue for tht yer of the Science nd Life mgzine, I red the rticle "Non-Stndrd Anlysis" by V. Uspensky, in which

More information

MPE Review Section I: Algebra

MPE Review Section I: Algebra MPE Review Section I: lger t Colordo Stte Universit, the College lger sequence etensivel uses the grphing fetures of the Tes Instruments TI-8 or TI-8 grphing clcultor. Whenever possile, the questions on

More information

Lecture Solution of a System of Linear Equation

Lecture Solution of a System of Linear Equation ChE Lecture Notes, Dept. of Chemicl Engineering, Univ. of TN, Knoville - D. Keffer, 5/9/98 (updted /) Lecture 8- - Solution of System of Liner Eqution 8. Why is it importnt to e le to solve system of liner

More information

different methods (left endpoint, right endpoint, midpoint, trapezoid, Simpson s).

different methods (left endpoint, right endpoint, midpoint, trapezoid, Simpson s). Mth 1A with Professor Stnkov Worksheet, Discussion #41; Wednesdy, 12/6/217 GSI nme: Roy Zho Problems 1. Write the integrl 3 dx s limit of Riemnn sums. Write it using 2 intervls using the 1 x different

More information

Section 4: Integration ECO4112F 2011

Section 4: Integration ECO4112F 2011 Reding: Ching Chpter Section : Integrtion ECOF Note: These notes do not fully cover the mteril in Ching, ut re ment to supplement your reding in Ching. Thus fr the optimistion you hve covered hs een sttic

More information

Mathematics Number: Logarithms

Mathematics Number: Logarithms plce of mind F A C U L T Y O F E D U C A T I O N Deprtment of Curriculum nd Pedgogy Mthemtics Numer: Logrithms Science nd Mthemtics Eduction Reserch Group Supported y UBC Teching nd Lerning Enhncement

More information

Section 7.1 Area of a Region Between Two Curves

Section 7.1 Area of a Region Between Two Curves Section 7.1 Are of Region Between Two Curves White Bord Chllenge The circle elow is inscried into squre: Clcultor 0 cm Wht is the shded re? 400 100 85.841cm White Bord Chllenge Find the re of the region

More information

A. Limits - L Hopital s Rule. x c. x c. f x. g x. x c 0 6 = 1 6. D. -1 E. nonexistent. ln ( x 1 ) 1 x 2 1. ( x 2 1) 2. 2x x 1.

A. Limits - L Hopital s Rule. x c. x c. f x. g x. x c 0 6 = 1 6. D. -1 E. nonexistent. ln ( x 1 ) 1 x 2 1. ( x 2 1) 2. 2x x 1. A. Limits - L Hopitl s Rule Wht you re finding: L Hopitl s Rule is used to find limits of the form f ( ) lim where lim f or lim f limg. c g = c limg( ) = c = c = c How to find it: Try nd find limits by

More information

Sketch graphs of conic sections and write equations related to conic sections

Sketch graphs of conic sections and write equations related to conic sections Achievement Stndrd 909 Sketch grphs of conic sections nd write equtions relted to conic sections Clculus.5 Eternll ssessed credits Sketching Conics the Circle nd the Ellipse Grphs of the conic sections

More information

Chapter 7: Applications of Integrals

Chapter 7: Applications of Integrals Chpter 7: Applictions of Integrls 78 Chpter 7 Overview: Applictions of Integrls Clculus, like most mthemticl fields, egn with tring to solve everd prolems. The theor nd opertions were formlized lter. As

More information

MA Exam 2 Study Guide, Fall u n du (or the integral of linear combinations

MA Exam 2 Study Guide, Fall u n du (or the integral of linear combinations LESSON 0 Chpter 7.2 Trigonometric Integrls. Bsic trig integrls you should know. sin = cos + C cos = sin + C sec 2 = tn + C sec tn = sec + C csc 2 = cot + C csc cot = csc + C MA 6200 Em 2 Study Guide, Fll

More information

SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING & BUILT ENVIRONMENT

SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING & BUILT ENVIRONMENT SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING & BUIL ENVIRONMEN MARICES FOR ENGINEERING Dr Clum Mcdonld Contents Introduction Definitions Wht is mtri? Rows nd columns of mtri Order of mtri Element of mtri Equlity of mtrices Opertions

More information

Final Exam Review. Exam 1 Material

Final Exam Review. Exam 1 Material Lessons 2-4: Limits Limit Solving Strtegy for Finl Exm Review Exm 1 Mteril For piecewise functions, you lwys nee to look t the left n right its! If f(x) is not piecewise function, plug c into f(x), i.e.,

More information

I1 = I2 I1 = I2 + I3 I1 + I2 = I3 + I4 I 3

I1 = I2 I1 = I2 + I3 I1 + I2 = I3 + I4 I 3 2 The Prllel Circuit Electric Circuits: Figure 2- elow show ttery nd multiple resistors rrnged in prllel. Ech resistor receives portion of the current from the ttery sed on its resistnce. The split is

More information

( ) where f ( x ) is a. AB/BC Calculus Exam Review Sheet. A. Precalculus Type problems. Find the zeros of f ( x).

( ) where f ( x ) is a. AB/BC Calculus Exam Review Sheet. A. Precalculus Type problems. Find the zeros of f ( x). AB/ Clculus Exm Review Sheet A. Preclculus Type prolems A1 Find the zeros of f ( x). This is wht you think of doing A2 Find the intersection of f ( x) nd g( x). A3 Show tht f ( x) is even. A4 Show tht

More information

Chapter 1: Fundamentals

Chapter 1: Fundamentals Chpter 1: Fundmentls 1.1 Rel Numbers Types of Rel Numbers: Nturl Numbers: {1, 2, 3,...}; These re the counting numbers. Integers: {... 3, 2, 1, 0, 1, 2, 3,...}; These re ll the nturl numbers, their negtives,

More information

0.1 THE REAL NUMBER LINE AND ORDER

0.1 THE REAL NUMBER LINE AND ORDER 6000_000.qd //0 :6 AM Pge 0-0- CHAPTER 0 A Preclculus Review 0. THE REAL NUMBER LINE AND ORDER Represent, clssify, nd order rel numers. Use inequlities to represent sets of rel numers. Solve inequlities.

More information

Section 6.1 INTRO to LAPLACE TRANSFORMS

Section 6.1 INTRO to LAPLACE TRANSFORMS Section 6. INTRO to LAPLACE TRANSFORMS Key terms: Improper Integrl; diverge, converge A A f(t)dt lim f(t)dt Piecewise Continuous Function; jump discontinuity Function of Exponentil Order Lplce Trnsform

More information

Properties of Integrals, Indefinite Integrals. Goals: Definition of the Definite Integral Integral Calculations using Antiderivatives

Properties of Integrals, Indefinite Integrals. Goals: Definition of the Definite Integral Integral Calculations using Antiderivatives Block #6: Properties of Integrls, Indefinite Integrls Gols: Definition of the Definite Integrl Integrl Clcultions using Antiderivtives Properties of Integrls The Indefinite Integrl 1 Riemnn Sums - 1 Riemnn

More information

Unit 1 Exponentials and Logarithms

Unit 1 Exponentials and Logarithms HARTFIELD PRECALCULUS UNIT 1 NOTES PAGE 1 Unit 1 Eponentils nd Logrithms (2) Eponentil Functions (3) The number e (4) Logrithms (5) Specil Logrithms (7) Chnge of Bse Formul (8) Logrithmic Functions (10)

More information

Bob Brown Math 251 Calculus 1 Chapter 5, Section 4 1 CCBC Dundalk

Bob Brown Math 251 Calculus 1 Chapter 5, Section 4 1 CCBC Dundalk Bo Brown Mth Clculus Chpter, Section CCBC Dundlk The Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus Informlly, the Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus (FTC) sttes tht differentition nd definite integrtion re inverse opertions

More information

p-adic Egyptian Fractions

p-adic Egyptian Fractions p-adic Egyptin Frctions Contents 1 Introduction 1 2 Trditionl Egyptin Frctions nd Greedy Algorithm 2 3 Set-up 3 4 p-greedy Algorithm 5 5 p-egyptin Trditionl 10 6 Conclusion 1 Introduction An Egyptin frction

More information

MATH 144: Business Calculus Final Review

MATH 144: Business Calculus Final Review MATH 144: Business Clculus Finl Review 1 Skills 1. Clculte severl limits. 2. Find verticl nd horizontl symptotes for given rtionl function. 3. Clculte derivtive by definition. 4. Clculte severl derivtives

More information