SCHOOL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY SRM UNIVERSITY COURSE PLAN


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1 SCHOOL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY SRM UNIVERSITY COURSE PLAN Course code : CH0317 Course Title : Momentum Transfer Semester : V Course Time : July Nov 2011 Required Text Books: 1. Warren L. Mccabe, Julian C. Smith and peter Harriott, "Unit Operations of Chemical Engineering", 6th Edn., McGraw Hill International Edition, NewYork Coulson J.M., Richardson J.F., Backhurst J.R. and Harker J.M., "Coulson & Richardson's Chemical Engineering", Vol. I, 6th Edn., Butter worth Heinemann, Oxford, Noel de Nevers, "Fluid Mechanical for chemical Engineers", 2nd Edn., McGraw Hill International Editions, 1991 Prerequisite : Nil Objectives To familiarize: The basic concepts and fluidflow phenomena Kinematics of flow Phenomena of flow past immersed bodies Various aspects of transportation of fluids Various aspects of metering of fluids Assessment Details Cycle TestI : 10 Marks Cycle TestII : 10 Marks Surprise Test : 5 Marks Attendance : 5 Marks Model Exam : 20 Marks Out comes
2 Students who have successfully completed this course will have full understanding of the following concepts Course Outcome Program outcome 1. The students understand the basic concepts To familiarize: of fluid flow phenomena 1. The basic concepts and fluidflow phenomena 2. Ability to understand principles of rheology 2. Kinematics of flow and the different types of nonnewtonian 3. Phenomena of flow past immersed fluids. bodies 4. Various aspects of transportation of 3. They can be able to understand the working fluids operation of Valves, Pumps, Orificemeter 5. Various aspects of metering of fluids and Venturimeter concepts. Detailed Lesson plan FLUID FLOW PHENOMENA Nature of fluids: incompressible and compressible, hydrostatic equilibrium, manometers, potential flow, boundary layer, the velocity field, laminar flow, Newtonian and nonnewtonian fluids, Newton'slaw of viscosity, turbulence, Reynolds number and transition from laminar to turbulent flow, Eddy viscosity, flow in boundary layers, laminar and turbulent flow in boundary layers, boundarylayer formation in straight tubes.. Tim Sess Teachin e Testing ion Topics to be covered Ref g (Min method No method ) 1 Introduction to Fluid Mechanics 50 1 BB Discussion 2 potential flow, Boundary layer, incompressible 50 1 BB Discussion and compressible fluids
3 3 Hydrostatic equilibrium 50 1 BB Discussion 4 Manometers 50 1 BB Discussion 5 Manometers 50 1 BB Problems 6 Laminar flow and Turbulent flow 50 1 BB Discussion 7 Newtonian and nonnewtonian fluids, Newton'slaw 50 1 BB Discussion of viscosity, 8 Reynolds number and transition from laminar to 50 1 BB Discussion turbulent flow, Eddy viscosity 9 Laminar and Turbulent flow in boundary layers, boundarylayer formation in straight tubes BB Discussion KINEMATICS OF FLOW Streamlines and stream tubes, equation of continuity, Bernoulli equation, pump work in Bernoulli equation. Flow of incompressible fluids in conduits and thin layers: friction factor, relationships between skinfriction parameters, average velocity for laminar flow of Newtonian fluids, Hagen Poiseuille equation, hydraulically smooth pipe, von Karman equation, roughness parameter, frictionfactor chart, equivalent diameter, form friction losses in Bernoulli equation, couette flow. 1 Streamlines and stream tubes 50 1,2 BB Discussion 2 Equation of continuity 50 1,2 BB Problem 3 Bernoulli equation, pump work in Bernoulli 50 1,2 BB Discussion equation. 4 Bernoulli equation, 50 1,2 BB Problem 5 Pump work in Bernoulli equation 50 1,2 BB Problem 6 Fanning Friction factor 50 1,2 BB Discussion 7 Average velocity for laminar flow of Newtonian 50 1,2 BB Discussion
4 fluids 8 Roughness parameter, frictionfactor chart, hydraulically smooth pipe 50 1,2 BB Problem 9 Equivalent diameter, Couette flow. 50 1,2 BB Discussion FLOW PAST IMMERSED BODIES Drag, drag coefficients, drag coefficients of typical shapes, Ergun equation, terminal settling velocity, free and hindered settlings, Stokes' law, Newton's law, criterion for settling regime, fluidization, conditions for fluidization, minimum fluidization velocity. 1 Drag, drag coefficients 50 1 BB Discussion 2 Ergun equation 50 1 BB Discussion 3 Ergun equation 50 1 BB Problems 4 Terminal settling velocity 50 1 BB Discussion 5 Terminal settling velocity 50 1 BB Problems 6 Free and Hindered settlings 50 1 BB Discussion 7 Stokes' law, Newton's law 50 1 BB Problems 8 Fluidization, conditions for fluidization 50 1 BB Discussion 9 Minimum fluidization velocity BB Discussion TRANSPORTATION OF FLUIDS Introduction to: pipe and tubing, joint and fittings, stuffing boxes, mechanical seals, gate valves and globe valves, plug cocks and ball valves, check valves.classification and selection of pumps, blowers and compressors. Pumps: developed head, power requirement, suction lift and cavitation, NPSH, constructional features and working principle of single suction volute centrifugal pump, characteristic curves of a centrifugal pump, comparison of devices for moving fluids, constructional features and working principle of jet ejectors. 1 Introduction to pipe and tubing 50 1,2 BB Discussion
5 2. Different types of valves 50 1,2 BB Discussion 3 Classification and selection of pumps, blowers and 50 1,2 BB Discussion compressors 4 Construction features of Centrifugal pump 50 1,2 BB Discussion 5 Developed head, power requirement, suction lift 50 1,2 BB Discussion and cavitation, NPSH 6 Cavitation and NPSH 50 1,2 BB Problems 7 Performance characteristics of centrifugal pumps 50 1,2 BB Discussion 8 characteristic curves of a centrifugal pump 50 1,2 BB Discussion 9 Constructional features and working principle of jet ejectors. 50 1,2 BB Discussion METERING OF FLUIDS Constructional features and working principles of: venturi meter, orifice meter, rotameters, pitot tube, target meters, vortexshedding meter, turbine meter, magnetic meters.application of Bernouli equation to venturi meter and orifice meter, flow rate calculations from the readings of venture meter, orifice meter and pitot tube. 1 Constructional features and working principles of 50 1 BB Discussion venturi meter 2 Application of Bernouli equation to venturi meter 50 1 BB Discussion 3 Flow rate calculations from the readings of venture meter 50 1 BB Problems 4 Constructional features and working principles of 50 1 BB Discussion orifice meter 5 Application of Bernouli equation to orifice meter 50 1 BB Discussion 6 Flow rate calculations from the readings of orifice meter 50 1 BB Problems 7 Constructional features and working principles of rotameters, pitot tube, target meters, vortex BB Discussion
6 shedding meter, turbine meter, magnetic meters. 8 Flow rate calculations from the readings of pitot tube BB Problems 9 Tutorials 50 1 BB Problems
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