Improper Integrals. MATH 211, Calculus II. J. Robert Buchanan. Spring Department of Mathematics

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Improper Integrals. MATH 211, Calculus II. J. Robert Buchanan. Spring Department of Mathematics"

Transcription

1 Improper Integrls MATH 2, Clculus II J. Robert Buchnn Deprtment of Mthemtics Spring 28

2 Definite Integrls Theorem (Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus (Prt I)) If f is continuous on [, b] then b f (x) dx = [F(x)] x=b x= = F(b) F() where F is ny ntiderivtive of f on (, b).

3 Definite Integrls Theorem (Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus (Prt I)) If f is continuous on [, b] then b f (x) dx = [F(x)] x=b x= = F(b) F() where F is ny ntiderivtive of f on (, b). Question: Cn we evlute the definite integrl x 2 dx?

4 Answer We cnnot use the Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus to evlute x 2 dx since the integrnd hs discontinuity t x =. If we try to evlute it using the Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus we get [ x 2 dx = ] x= = 2 x x= result which is impossible since /x 2 > for x < nd < x.

5 Improper Integrls Extr cre must be exercised when ttempting to evlute definite integrls for which the intervl over which we integrte is of infinite length (Type ),

6 Improper Integrls Extr cre must be exercised when ttempting to evlute definite integrls for which the intervl over which we integrte is of infinite length (Type ), nd/or the integrnd possesses isolted discontinuities within the integrtion intervl (Type 2).

7 First Type (Type ) Definition If f is continuous on [, ) we define the improper integrl R f (x) dx f (x) dx. R If f is continuous on (, ] we define the improper integrl f (x) dx = lim R R f (x) dx. If the limit is L (finite) we sy the improper integrl converges, otherwise we sy it diverges.

8 Exmples Determine if the following improper integrls converge or diverge e x dx x dx x 2 dx

9 e x dx e x dx R This improper integrl converges. R e x dx [ e x ] x=r R x= [ e R + e ] R = e

10 5 x dx 5 dx x = R lim R 5 x dx [ln x ]x=r x=5 R [ln R ln 5] = This improper integrl diverges. R

11 5 x 2 dx 5 dx x 2 R R R R 5 [ x x 2 dx ] x=r x=5 [ R + 5 ] = 5 This improper integrl converges.

12 Intervl (, ) Definition If f is continuous on (, ) then f (x) dx = for ny constnt. We sy diverges. f (x) dx nd f (x) dx + f (x) dx f (x) dx converges if both f (x) dx converge, otherwise f (x) dx

13 Exmple Determine if the following improper integrl converges. e x dx + e x

14 Solution ( of 2) = e x + e x dx e x + e R R R R dx + x e x + e e x + e x dx + lim e x e 2x dx + lim + S S S dx x S e x dx + e x e x e 2x + dx Use integrtion by substitution with u = e x nd du = e x dx.

15 Solution (2 of 2) e x + e R R = R dx x e R [ π 4 ] + e S u 2 du + lim + S u 2 + du [ ] u= [ ] u=e tn u + lim tn S u u=e R S u= [ tn tn e R] + lim S [ π 2 π ] = π 4 2 This improper integrl converges. [ tn e S tn ]

16 Grphicl Approch Suppose f nd g re two continuous functions defined on [, ) nd such tht f (x) g(x) for ll x. y f(x) g(x) x

17 Grphicl Approch Suppose f nd g re two continuous functions defined on [, ) nd such tht f (x) g(x) for ll x. y f(x) g(x) x If f (x) dx diverges, wht bout g(x) dx?

18 Grphicl Approch Suppose f nd g re two continuous functions defined on [, ) nd such tht f (x) g(x) for ll x. y f(x) g(x) x If If f (x) dx diverges, wht bout g(x) dx converges, wht bout g(x) dx? f (x) dx?

19 Comprison Test Theorem (Comprison Test) Suppose tht f nd g re continuous on [, ) nd f (x) g(x) for ll x.. If 2. If g(x) dx converges, then f (x) dx diverges, then f (x) dx converges. g(x) dx diverges.

20 Exmples Determine if the following improper integrls converge or diverge x 2 2 x dx + sec 2 x x e x+ dx dx

21 x 2 2 x dx Note tht so x 2 2 x < x 2 x < x 2 x 4 = x 2 x 2 2 x dx < x 2 dx R R x 2 dx [ ] x=r R x x= [ R ] + =. R The originl improper integrl converges.

22 + sec 2 x x dx Note tht so + sec 2 x x > x + sec 2 x x dx > R x dx R x dx [ln x ]x=r x= R [ln R ln ] =. R The originl improper integrl diverges.

23 e x+ dx Note tht so e x+ dx > e x+ = e e x > e x R e x dx R e x dx R [ex ] x=r x= [ ] e R =. R The originl improper integrl diverges.

24 Second Type (Type 2) Definition If f is continuous on the intervl [, b) nd f (x) s x b, the improper integrl of f on [, b] is b f (x) dx = R lim f (x) dx. R b If f is continuous on the intervl (, b] nd f (x) s x +, the improper integrl of f on [, b] is b f (x) dx = b lim f (x) dx. R + R If the limit is L (finite), we sy the improper integrl converges, otherwise we sy it diverges.

25 Exmples Determine if the following improper integrls converge or diverge π/2 2x x 2 dx 3 x dx tn x dx

26 4 2x x 2 dx 4 2x 4 2x x 2 dx R + R x 2 dx [ ] x=4 ln x 2 R + x=r ] ln 5 ln R 2 = R + [ This improper integrl diverges.

27 3 x dx 3 dx x /3 dx x R + R [ ] 3 x= R + 2 x 2/3 x=r [ 3 R ] 2 R2/3 = 3 2 This improper integrl converges.

28 π/2 tn x dx π/2 tn x dx R R π/2 R R π/2 This improper integrl diverges. tn x dx sin x cos x dx [ ln cos x ]x=r R π/2 x= [ ln cos R + ln cos ] R π/2 ( ) = lim ln cos R R π/2 =

29 Discontinuity in (, b) Definition Suppose f is continuous on [, b] except t some c (, b) nd f (x) s x c. The improper integrl is If c b b f (x) dx = f (x) dx = L nd b c c b f (x) dx + f (x) dx. c f (x) dx = L 2 the improper integrl f (x) dx converges to L + L 2. If either of the improper integrls c diverges s well. f (x) dx or b c f (x) dx diverges then b f (x) dx

30 Exmples Determine if the following improper integrls converge or diverge x dx 2x x 2 dx

31 3 x dx 3 x dx = R R R 3 dx + x R 3 x dx x /3 dx + lim [ ] 3 x=r 2 x 2/3 [ 3 2 R2/3 3 2 x= S + + lim S + ] + lim S + S x /3 dx [ ] 3 x= 2 x 2/3 x=s [ S2/3 ] = = This improper integrl converges.

32 4 2x x 2 dx 4 2x x 2 dx = 2x 4 x 2 dx + 2x x 2 dx We hve lredy shown tht the second integrl on the right-hnd side of the eqution diverges, thus this improper integrl diverges.

33 Homework Red Section 7.8 Exercises: WebAssign/D2L

The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus

The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus The Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus MATH 151 Clculus for Mngement J. Robert Buchnn Deprtment of Mthemtics Fll 2018 Objectives Define nd evlute definite integrls using the concept of re. Evlute definite integrls

More information

Section 5.4 Fundamental Theorem of Calculus 2 Lectures. Dr. Abdulla Eid. College of Science. MATHS 101: Calculus 1

Section 5.4 Fundamental Theorem of Calculus 2 Lectures. Dr. Abdulla Eid. College of Science. MATHS 101: Calculus 1 Section 5.4 Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus 2 Lectures College of Science MATHS : Clculus (University of Bhrin) Integrls / 24 Definite Integrl Recll: The integrl is used to find re under the curve over n

More information

Improper Integrals. Type I Improper Integrals How do we evaluate an integral such as

Improper Integrals. Type I Improper Integrals How do we evaluate an integral such as Improper Integrls Two different types of integrls cn qulify s improper. The first type of improper integrl (which we will refer to s Type I) involves evluting n integrl over n infinite region. In the grph

More information

Math& 152 Section Integration by Parts

Math& 152 Section Integration by Parts Mth& 5 Section 7. - Integrtion by Prts Integrtion by prts is rule tht trnsforms the integrl of the product of two functions into other (idelly simpler) integrls. Recll from Clculus I tht given two differentible

More information

n f(x i ) x. i=1 In section 4.2, we defined the definite integral of f from x = a to x = b as n f(x i ) x; f(x) dx = lim i=1

n f(x i ) x. i=1 In section 4.2, we defined the definite integral of f from x = a to x = b as n f(x i ) x; f(x) dx = lim i=1 The Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus As we continue to study the re problem, let s think bck to wht we know bout computing res of regions enclosed by curves. If we wnt to find the re of the region below the

More information

INTRODUCTION TO INTEGRATION

INTRODUCTION TO INTEGRATION INTRODUCTION TO INTEGRATION 5.1 Ares nd Distnces Assume f(x) 0 on the intervl [, b]. Let A be the re under the grph of f(x). b We will obtin n pproximtion of A in the following three steps. STEP 1: Divide

More information

f(x) dx, If one of these two conditions is not met, we call the integral improper. Our usual definition for the value for the definite integral

f(x) dx, If one of these two conditions is not met, we call the integral improper. Our usual definition for the value for the definite integral Improper Integrls Every time tht we hve evluted definite integrl such s f(x) dx, we hve mde two implicit ssumptions bout the integrl:. The intervl [, b] is finite, nd. f(x) is continuous on [, b]. If one

More information

Chapter 6. Riemann Integral

Chapter 6. Riemann Integral Introduction to Riemnn integrl Chpter 6. Riemnn Integrl Won-Kwng Prk Deprtment of Mthemtics, The College of Nturl Sciences Kookmin University Second semester, 2015 1 / 41 Introduction to Riemnn integrl

More information

Fundamental Theorem of Calculus

Fundamental Theorem of Calculus Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus Recll tht if f is nonnegtive nd continuous on [, ], then the re under its grph etween nd is the definite integrl A= f() d Now, for in the intervl [, ], let A() e the re under

More information

practice How would you find: e x + e x e 2x e x 1 dx 1 e today: improper integrals

practice How would you find: e x + e x e 2x e x 1 dx 1 e today: improper integrals prctice How would you find: dx e x + e x e 2x e x 1 dx e 2x 1 e x dx 1. Let u=e^x. Then dx=du/u. Ans = rctn ( e^x ) + C 2. Let u=e^x. Becomes u du / (u-1), divide to get u/(u-1)=1+1/(u-1) Ans = e^x + ln

More information

Calculus II: Integrations and Series

Calculus II: Integrations and Series Clculus II: Integrtions nd Series August 7, 200 Integrls Suppose we hve generl function y = f(x) For simplicity, let f(x) > 0 nd f(x) continuous Denote F (x) = re under the grph of f in the intervl [,x]

More information

MA 124 January 18, Derivatives are. Integrals are.

MA 124 January 18, Derivatives are. Integrals are. MA 124 Jnury 18, 2018 Prof PB s one-minute introduction to clculus Derivtives re. Integrls re. In Clculus 1, we lern limits, derivtives, some pplictions of derivtives, indefinite integrls, definite integrls,

More information

Math 3B: Lecture 9. Noah White. October 18, 2017

Math 3B: Lecture 9. Noah White. October 18, 2017 Mth 3B: Lecture 9 Noh White October 18, 2017 The definite integrl Defintion The definite integrl of function f (x) is defined to be where x = b n. f (x) dx = lim n x n f ( + k x) k=1 Properties of definite

More information

cos 3 (x) sin(x) dx 3y + 4 dy Math 1206 Calculus Sec. 5.6: Substitution and Area Between Curves

cos 3 (x) sin(x) dx 3y + 4 dy Math 1206 Calculus Sec. 5.6: Substitution and Area Between Curves Mth 126 Clculus Sec. 5.6: Substitution nd Are Between Curves I. U-Substitution for Definite Integrls A. Th m 6-Substitution in Definite Integrls: If g (x) is continuous on [,b] nd f is continuous on the

More information

Test 3 Review. Jiwen He. I will replace your lowest test score with the percentage grade from the final exam (provided it is higher).

Test 3 Review. Jiwen He. I will replace your lowest test score with the percentage grade from the final exam (provided it is higher). Test 3 Review Jiwen He Test 3 Test 3: Dec. 4-6 in CASA Mteril - Through 6.3. No Homework (Thnksgiving) No homework this week! Hve GREAT Thnksgiving! Finl Exm Finl Exm: Dec. 14-17 in CASA You Might Be Interested

More information

MATH , Calculus 2, Fall 2018

MATH , Calculus 2, Fall 2018 MATH 36-2, 36-3 Clculus 2, Fll 28 The FUNdmentl Theorem of Clculus Sections 5.4 nd 5.5 This worksheet focuses on the most importnt theorem in clculus. In fct, the Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus (FTC is rgubly

More information

x = b a n x 2 e x dx. cdx = c(b a), where c is any constant. a b

x = b a n x 2 e x dx. cdx = c(b a), where c is any constant. a b CHAPTER 5. INTEGRALS 61 where nd x = b n x i = 1 (x i 1 + x i ) = midpoint of [x i 1, x i ]. Problem 168 (Exercise 1, pge 377). Use the Midpoint Rule with the n = 4 to pproximte 5 1 x e x dx. Some quick

More information

Final Exam - Review MATH Spring 2017

Final Exam - Review MATH Spring 2017 Finl Exm - Review MATH 5 - Spring 7 Chpter, 3, nd Sections 5.-5.5, 5.7 Finl Exm: Tuesdy 5/9, :3-7:pm The following is list of importnt concepts from the sections which were not covered by Midterm Exm or.

More information

Section 7.1 Integration by Substitution

Section 7.1 Integration by Substitution Section 7. Integrtion by Substitution Evlute ech of the following integrls. Keep in mind tht using substitution my not work on some problems. For one of the definite integrls, it is not possible to find

More information

F (x) dx = F (x)+c = u + C = du,

F (x) dx = F (x)+c = u + C = du, 35. The Substitution Rule An indefinite integrl of the derivtive F (x) is the function F (x) itself. Let u = F (x), where u is new vrible defined s differentible function of x. Consider the differentil

More information

Definite integral. Mathematics FRDIS MENDELU

Definite integral. Mathematics FRDIS MENDELU Definite integrl Mthemtics FRDIS MENDELU Simon Fišnrová Brno 1 Motivtion - re under curve Suppose, for simplicity, tht y = f(x) is nonnegtive nd continuous function defined on [, b]. Wht is the re of the

More information

Definite integral. Mathematics FRDIS MENDELU. Simona Fišnarová (Mendel University) Definite integral MENDELU 1 / 30

Definite integral. Mathematics FRDIS MENDELU. Simona Fišnarová (Mendel University) Definite integral MENDELU 1 / 30 Definite integrl Mthemtics FRDIS MENDELU Simon Fišnrová (Mendel University) Definite integrl MENDELU / Motivtion - re under curve Suppose, for simplicity, tht y = f(x) is nonnegtive nd continuous function

More information

Anti-derivatives/Indefinite Integrals of Basic Functions

Anti-derivatives/Indefinite Integrals of Basic Functions Anti-derivtives/Indefinite Integrls of Bsic Functions Power Rule: In prticulr, this mens tht x n+ x n n + + C, dx = ln x + C, if n if n = x 0 dx = dx = dx = x + C nd x (lthough you won t use the second

More information

Reversing the Chain Rule. As we have seen from the Second Fundamental Theorem ( 4.3), the easiest way to evaluate an integral b

Reversing the Chain Rule. As we have seen from the Second Fundamental Theorem ( 4.3), the easiest way to evaluate an integral b Mth 32 Substitution Method Stewrt 4.5 Reversing the Chin Rule. As we hve seen from the Second Fundmentl Theorem ( 4.3), the esiest wy to evlute n integrl b f(x) dx is to find n ntiderivtive, the indefinite

More information

. Double-angle formulas. Your answer should involve trig functions of θ, and not of 2θ. cos(2θ) = sin(2θ) =.

. Double-angle formulas. Your answer should involve trig functions of θ, and not of 2θ. cos(2θ) = sin(2θ) =. Review of some needed Trig Identities for Integrtion Your nswers should be n ngle in RADIANS rccos( 1 2 ) = rccos( - 1 2 ) = rcsin( 1 2 ) = rcsin( - 1 2 ) = Cn you do similr problems? Review of Bsic Concepts

More information

Chapter 7 Notes, Stewart 8e. 7.1 Integration by Parts Trigonometric Integrals Evaluating sin m x cos n (x) dx...

Chapter 7 Notes, Stewart 8e. 7.1 Integration by Parts Trigonometric Integrals Evaluating sin m x cos n (x) dx... Contents 7.1 Integrtion by Prts................................... 2 7.2 Trigonometric Integrls.................................. 8 7.2.1 Evluting sin m x cos n (x)......................... 8 7.2.2 Evluting

More information

Improper Integrals. The First Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, as we ve discussed in class, goes as follows:

Improper Integrals. The First Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, as we ve discussed in class, goes as follows: Improper Integrls The First Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus, s we ve discussed in clss, goes s follows: If f is continuous on the intervl [, ] nd F is function for which F t = ft, then ftdt = F F. An integrl

More information

63. Representation of functions as power series Consider a power series. ( 1) n x 2n for all 1 < x < 1

63. Representation of functions as power series Consider a power series. ( 1) n x 2n for all 1 < x < 1 3 9. SEQUENCES AND SERIES 63. Representtion of functions s power series Consider power series x 2 + x 4 x 6 + x 8 + = ( ) n x 2n It is geometric series with q = x 2 nd therefore it converges for ll q =

More information

Math 3B Final Review

Math 3B Final Review Mth 3B Finl Review Written by Victori Kl vtkl@mth.ucsb.edu SH 6432u Office Hours: R 9:45-10:45m SH 1607 Mth Lb Hours: TR 1-2pm Lst updted: 12/06/14 This is continution of the midterm review. Prctice problems

More information

Section Areas and Distances. Example 1: Suppose a car travels at a constant 50 miles per hour for 2 hours. What is the total distance traveled?

Section Areas and Distances. Example 1: Suppose a car travels at a constant 50 miles per hour for 2 hours. What is the total distance traveled? Section 5. - Ares nd Distnces Exmple : Suppose cr trvels t constnt 5 miles per hour for 2 hours. Wht is the totl distnce trveled? Exmple 2: Suppose cr trvels 75 miles per hour for the first hour, 7 miles

More information

1 The Riemann Integral

1 The Riemann Integral The Riemnn Integrl. An exmple leding to the notion of integrl (res) We know how to find (i.e. define) the re of rectngle (bse height), tringle ( (sum of res of tringles). But how do we find/define n re

More information

Review on Integration (Secs ) Review: Sec Origins of Calculus. Riemann Sums. New functions from old ones.

Review on Integration (Secs ) Review: Sec Origins of Calculus. Riemann Sums. New functions from old ones. Mth 20B Integrl Clculus Lecture Review on Integrtion (Secs. 5. - 5.3) Remrks on the course. Slide Review: Sec. 5.-5.3 Origins of Clculus. Riemnn Sums. New functions from old ones. A mthemticl description

More information

Math 113 Exam 2 Practice

Math 113 Exam 2 Practice Mth Em Prctice Februry, 8 Em will cover sections 6.5, 7.-7.5 nd 7.8. This sheet hs three sections. The first section will remind you bout techniques nd formuls tht you should know. The second gives number

More information

Math Calculus with Analytic Geometry II

Math Calculus with Analytic Geometry II orem of definite Mth 5.0 with Anlytic Geometry II Jnury 4, 0 orem of definite If < b then b f (x) dx = ( under f bove x-xis) ( bove f under x-xis) Exmple 8 0 3 9 x dx = π 3 4 = 9π 4 orem of definite Problem

More information

Spring 2017 Exam 1 MARK BOX HAND IN PART PIN: 17

Spring 2017 Exam 1 MARK BOX HAND IN PART PIN: 17 Spring 07 Exm problem MARK BOX points HAND IN PART 0 5-55=x5 0 NAME: Solutions 3 0 0 PIN: 7 % 00 INSTRUCTIONS This exm comes in two prts. () HAND IN PART. Hnd in only this prt. () STATEMENT OF MULTIPLE

More information

Math 113 Fall Final Exam Review. 2. Applications of Integration Chapter 6 including sections and section 6.8

Math 113 Fall Final Exam Review. 2. Applications of Integration Chapter 6 including sections and section 6.8 Mth 3 Fll 0 The scope of the finl exm will include: Finl Exm Review. Integrls Chpter 5 including sections 5. 5.7, 5.0. Applictions of Integrtion Chpter 6 including sections 6. 6.5 nd section 6.8 3. Infinite

More information

Math 118: Honours Calculus II Winter, 2005 List of Theorems. L(P, f) U(Q, f). f exists for each ǫ > 0 there exists a partition P of [a, b] such that

Math 118: Honours Calculus II Winter, 2005 List of Theorems. L(P, f) U(Q, f). f exists for each ǫ > 0 there exists a partition P of [a, b] such that Mth 118: Honours Clculus II Winter, 2005 List of Theorems Lemm 5.1 (Prtition Refinement): If P nd Q re prtitions of [, b] such tht Q P, then L(P, f) L(Q, f) U(Q, f) U(P, f). Lemm 5.2 (Upper Sums Bound

More information

DEFINITE INTEGRALS. f(x)dx exists. Note that, together with the definition of definite integrals, definitions (2) and (3) define b

DEFINITE INTEGRALS. f(x)dx exists. Note that, together with the definition of definite integrals, definitions (2) and (3) define b DEFINITE INTEGRALS JOHN D. MCCARTHY Astrct. These re lecture notes for Sections 5.3 nd 5.4. 1. Section 5.3 Definition 1. f is integrle on [, ] if f(x)dx exists. Definition 2. If f() is defined, then f(x)dx.

More information

Math 100 Review Sheet

Math 100 Review Sheet Mth 100 Review Sheet Joseph H. Silvermn December 2010 This outline of Mth 100 is summry of the mteril covered in the course. It is designed to be study id, but it is only n outline nd should be used s

More information

NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF SINGAPORE Department of Mathematics Semester 1, 2002/2003 MA1505 Math I Suggested Solutions to T. 3

NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF SINGAPORE Department of Mathematics Semester 1, 2002/2003 MA1505 Math I Suggested Solutions to T. 3 NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF SINGAPORE Deprtment of Mthemtics Semester, /3 MA55 Mth I Suggested Solutions to T. 3. Using the substitution method, or otherwise, find the following integrls. Solution. ) b) x sin(x

More information

MA Exam 2 Study Guide, Fall u n du (or the integral of linear combinations

MA Exam 2 Study Guide, Fall u n du (or the integral of linear combinations LESSON 0 Chpter 7.2 Trigonometric Integrls. Bsic trig integrls you should know. sin = cos + C cos = sin + C sec 2 = tn + C sec tn = sec + C csc 2 = cot + C csc cot = csc + C MA 6200 Em 2 Study Guide, Fll

More information

Sections 5.2: The Definite Integral

Sections 5.2: The Definite Integral Sections 5.2: The Definite Integrl In this section we shll formlize the ides from the lst section to functions in generl. We strt with forml definition.. The Definite Integrl Definition.. Suppose f(x)

More information

The Riemann Integral

The Riemann Integral Deprtment of Mthemtics King Sud University 2017-2018 Tble of contents 1 Anti-derivtive Function nd Indefinite Integrls 2 3 4 5 Indefinite Integrls & Anti-derivtive Function Definition Let f : I R be function

More information

KOÇ UNIVERSITY MATH 106 FINAL EXAM JANUARY 6, 2013

KOÇ UNIVERSITY MATH 106 FINAL EXAM JANUARY 6, 2013 KOÇ UNIVERSITY MATH 6 FINAL EXAM JANUARY 6, 23 Durtion of Exm: 2 minutes INSTRUCTIONS: No clcultors nd no cell phones my be used on the test. No questions, nd tlking llowed. You must lwys explin your nswers

More information

NUMERICAL INTEGRATION

NUMERICAL INTEGRATION NUMERICAL INTEGRATION How do we evlute I = f (x) dx By the fundmentl theorem of clculus, if F (x) is n ntiderivtive of f (x), then I = f (x) dx = F (x) b = F (b) F () However, in prctice most integrls

More information

1 Techniques of Integration

1 Techniques of Integration November 8, 8 MAT86 Week Justin Ko Techniques of Integrtion. Integrtion By Substitution (Chnge of Vribles) We cn think of integrtion by substitution s the counterprt of the chin rule for differentition.

More information

Integration Techniques

Integration Techniques Integrtion Techniques. Integrtion of Trigonometric Functions Exmple. Evlute cos x. Recll tht cos x = cos x. Hence, cos x Exmple. Evlute = ( + cos x) = (x + sin x) + C = x + 4 sin x + C. cos 3 x. Let u

More information

Improper Integrals, and Differential Equations

Improper Integrals, and Differential Equations Improper Integrls, nd Differentil Equtions October 22, 204 5.3 Improper Integrls Previously, we discussed how integrls correspond to res. More specificlly, we sid tht for function f(x), the region creted

More information

The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus

The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus The Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus Professor Richrd Blecksmith richrd@mth.niu.edu Dept. of Mthemticl Sciences Northern Illinois University http://mth.niu.edu/ richrd/mth229. The Definite Integrl We define

More information

MAT137 Calculus! Lecture 27

MAT137 Calculus! Lecture 27 MAT37 Clculus! Lecture 7 Tody: More out Integrls (Rest of the Videos) Antiderivtives Next: Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus NEW office hours: T & R @ BA 4 officil wesite http://uoft.me/mat37 Betriz Nvrro-Lmed

More information

7.2 The Definite Integral

7.2 The Definite Integral 7.2 The Definite Integrl the definite integrl In the previous section, it ws found tht if function f is continuous nd nonnegtive, then the re under the grph of f on [, b] is given by F (b) F (), where

More information

MATH 409 Advanced Calculus I Lecture 22: Improper Riemann integrals.

MATH 409 Advanced Calculus I Lecture 22: Improper Riemann integrals. MATH 409 Advned Clulus I Leture 22: Improper Riemnn integrls. Improper Riemnn integrl If funtion f : [,b] R is integrble on [,b], then the funtion F(x) = x f(t)dt is well defined nd ontinuous on [,b].

More information

We know that if f is a continuous nonnegative function on the interval [a, b], then b

We know that if f is a continuous nonnegative function on the interval [a, b], then b 1 Ares Between Curves c 22 Donld Kreider nd Dwight Lhr We know tht if f is continuous nonnegtive function on the intervl [, b], then f(x) dx is the re under the grph of f nd bove the intervl. We re going

More information

How can we approximate the area of a region in the plane? What is an interpretation of the area under the graph of a velocity function?

How can we approximate the area of a region in the plane? What is an interpretation of the area under the graph of a velocity function? Mth 125 Summry Here re some thoughts I ws hving while considering wht to put on the first midterm. The core of your studying should be the ssigned homework problems: mke sure you relly understnd those

More information

5.7 Improper Integrals

5.7 Improper Integrals 458 pplictions of definite integrls 5.7 Improper Integrls In Section 5.4, we computed the work required to lift pylod of mss m from the surfce of moon of mss nd rdius R to height H bove the surfce of the

More information

Chapter 8: Methods of Integration

Chapter 8: Methods of Integration Chpter 8: Methods of Integrtion Bsic Integrls 8. Note: We hve the following list of Bsic Integrls p p+ + c, for p sec tn + c p + ln + c sec tn sec + c e e + c tn ln sec + c ln + c sec ln sec + tn + c ln

More information

. Double-angle formulas. Your answer should involve trig functions of θ, and not of 2θ. sin 2 (θ) =

. Double-angle formulas. Your answer should involve trig functions of θ, and not of 2θ. sin 2 (θ) = Review of some needed Trig. Identities for Integrtion. Your nswers should be n ngle in RADIANS. rccos( 1 ) = π rccos( - 1 ) = 2π 2 3 2 3 rcsin( 1 ) = π rcsin( - 1 ) = -π 2 6 2 6 Cn you do similr problems?

More information

7.2 Riemann Integrable Functions

7.2 Riemann Integrable Functions 7.2 Riemnn Integrble Functions Theorem 1. If f : [, b] R is step function, then f R[, b]. Theorem 2. If f : [, b] R is continuous on [, b], then f R[, b]. Theorem 3. If f : [, b] R is bounded nd continuous

More information

13.4. Integration by Parts. Introduction. Prerequisites. Learning Outcomes

13.4. Integration by Parts. Introduction. Prerequisites. Learning Outcomes Integrtion by Prts 13.4 Introduction Integrtion by Prts is technique for integrting products of functions. In this Section you will lern to recognise when it is pproprite to use the technique nd hve the

More information

f(a+h) f(a) x a h 0. This is the rate at which

f(a+h) f(a) x a h 0. This is the rate at which M408S Concept Inventory smple nswers These questions re open-ended, nd re intended to cover the min topics tht we lerned in M408S. These re not crnk-out-n-nswer problems! (There re plenty of those in the

More information

The Product Rule state that if f and g are differentiable functions, then

The Product Rule state that if f and g are differentiable functions, then Chpter 6 Techniques of Integrtion 6. Integrtion by Prts Every differentition rule hs corresponding integrtion rule. For instnce, the Substitution Rule for integrtion corresponds to the Chin Rule for differentition.

More information

1 The fundamental theorems of calculus.

1 The fundamental theorems of calculus. The fundmentl theorems of clculus. The fundmentl theorems of clculus. Evluting definite integrls. The indefinite integrl- new nme for nti-derivtive. Differentiting integrls. Theorem Suppose f is continuous

More information

Overview of Calculus I

Overview of Calculus I Overview of Clculus I Prof. Jim Swift Northern Arizon University There re three key concepts in clculus: The limit, the derivtive, nd the integrl. You need to understnd the definitions of these three things,

More information

11 An introduction to Riemann Integration

11 An introduction to Riemann Integration 11 An introduction to Riemnn Integrtion The PROOFS of the stndrd lemms nd theorems concerning the Riemnn Integrl re NEB, nd you will not be sked to reproduce proofs of these in full in the exmintion in

More information

MATH1013 Tutorial 12. Indefinite Integrals

MATH1013 Tutorial 12. Indefinite Integrals MATH Tutoril Indefinite Integrls The indefinite integrl f() d is to look for fmily of functions F () + C, where C is n rbitrry constnt, with the sme derivtive f(). Tble of Indefinite Integrls cf() d c

More information

ACCESS TO SCIENCE, ENGINEERING AND AGRICULTURE: MATHEMATICS 1 MATH00030 SEMESTER /2019

ACCESS TO SCIENCE, ENGINEERING AND AGRICULTURE: MATHEMATICS 1 MATH00030 SEMESTER /2019 ACCESS TO SCIENCE, ENGINEERING AND AGRICULTURE: MATHEMATICS MATH00030 SEMESTER 208/209 DR. ANTHONY BROWN 7.. Introduction to Integrtion. 7. Integrl Clculus As ws the cse with the chpter on differentil

More information

A REVIEW OF CALCULUS CONCEPTS FOR JDEP 384H. Thomas Shores Department of Mathematics University of Nebraska Spring 2007

A REVIEW OF CALCULUS CONCEPTS FOR JDEP 384H. Thomas Shores Department of Mathematics University of Nebraska Spring 2007 A REVIEW OF CALCULUS CONCEPTS FOR JDEP 384H Thoms Shores Deprtment of Mthemtics University of Nebrsk Spring 2007 Contents Rtes of Chnge nd Derivtives 1 Dierentils 4 Are nd Integrls 5 Multivrite Clculus

More information

Indefinite Integral. Chapter Integration - reverse of differentiation

Indefinite Integral. Chapter Integration - reverse of differentiation Chpter Indefinite Integrl Most of the mthemticl opertions hve inverse opertions. The inverse opertion of differentition is clled integrtion. For exmple, describing process t the given moment knowing the

More information

Student Handbook for MATH 3300

Student Handbook for MATH 3300 Student Hndbook for MATH 3300 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.5 0 0.5 0.5 0 0.5 If people do not believe tht mthemtics is simple, it is only becuse they do not relize how complicted life is. John Louis

More information

Improper Integrals. Introduction. Type 1: Improper Integrals on Infinite Intervals. When we defined the definite integral.

Improper Integrals. Introduction. Type 1: Improper Integrals on Infinite Intervals. When we defined the definite integral. Improper Integrls Introduction When we defined the definite integrl f d we ssumed tht f ws continuous on [, ] where [, ] ws finite, closed intervl There re t lest two wys this definition cn fil to e stisfied:

More information

Chapter 6 Techniques of Integration

Chapter 6 Techniques of Integration MA Techniques of Integrtion Asst.Prof.Dr.Suprnee Liswdi Chpter 6 Techniques of Integrtion Recll: Some importnt integrls tht we hve lernt so fr. Tle of Integrls n+ n d = + C n + e d = e + C ( n ) d = ln

More information

MATH 144: Business Calculus Final Review

MATH 144: Business Calculus Final Review MATH 144: Business Clculus Finl Review 1 Skills 1. Clculte severl limits. 2. Find verticl nd horizontl symptotes for given rtionl function. 3. Clculte derivtive by definition. 4. Clculte severl derivtives

More information

MAT137 Calculus! Lecture 28

MAT137 Calculus! Lecture 28 officil wesite http://uoft.me/mat137 MAT137 Clculus! Lecture 28 Tody: Antiderivtives Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus Net: More FTC (review v. 8.5-8.7) 5.7 Sustitution (v. 9.1-9.4) Properties of the Definite

More information

The area under the graph of f and above the x-axis between a and b is denoted by. f(x) dx. π O

The area under the graph of f and above the x-axis between a and b is denoted by. f(x) dx. π O 1 Section 5. The Definite Integrl Suppose tht function f is continuous nd positive over n intervl [, ]. y = f(x) x The re under the grph of f nd ove the x-xis etween nd is denoted y f(x) dx nd clled the

More information

Definition of Continuity: The function f(x) is continuous at x = a if f(a) exists and lim

Definition of Continuity: The function f(x) is continuous at x = a if f(a) exists and lim Mth 9 Course Summry/Study Guide Fll, 2005 [1] Limits Definition of Limit: We sy tht L is the limit of f(x) s x pproches if f(x) gets closer nd closer to L s x gets closer nd closer to. We write lim f(x)

More information

Integrals - Motivation

Integrals - Motivation Integrls - Motivtion When we looked t function s rte of chnge If f(x) is liner, the nswer is esy slope If f(x) is non-liner, we hd to work hrd limits derivtive A relted question is the re under f(x) (but

More information

0.1 Properties of regulated functions and their Integrals.

0.1 Properties of regulated functions and their Integrals. MA244 Anlysis III Solutions. Sheet 2. NB. THESE ARE SKELETON SOLUTIONS, USE WISELY!. Properties of regulted functions nd their Integrls.. (Q.) Pick ny ɛ >. As f, g re regulted, there exist φ, ψ S[, b]:

More information

FINALTERM EXAMINATION 2011 Calculus &. Analytical Geometry-I

FINALTERM EXAMINATION 2011 Calculus &. Analytical Geometry-I FINALTERM EXAMINATION 011 Clculus &. Anlyticl Geometry-I Question No: 1 { Mrks: 1 ) - Plese choose one If f is twice differentible function t sttionry point x 0 x 0 nd f ''(x 0 ) > 0 then f hs reltive...

More information

Fall 2017 Exam 1 MARK BOX HAND IN PART PIN: 17

Fall 2017 Exam 1 MARK BOX HAND IN PART PIN: 17 Fll 7 Exm problem MARK BOX points HAND IN PART 3-5=x5 NAME: Solutions PIN: 7 % INSTRUCTIONS This exm comes in two prts. () HAND IN PART. Hnd in only this prt. () STATEMENT OF MULTIPLE CHOICE PROBLEMS.

More information

Big idea in Calculus: approximation

Big idea in Calculus: approximation Big ide in Clculus: pproximtion Derivtive: f (x) = df dx f f(x +h) f(x) =, x h rte of chnge is pproximtely the rtio of chnges in the function vlue nd in the vrible in very short time Liner pproximtion:

More information

Math 190 Chapter 5 Lecture Notes. Professor Miguel Ornelas

Math 190 Chapter 5 Lecture Notes. Professor Miguel Ornelas Mth 19 Chpter 5 Lecture Notes Professor Miguel Ornels 1 M. Ornels Mth 19 Lecture Notes Section 5.1 Section 5.1 Ares nd Distnce Definition The re A of the region S tht lies under the grph of the continuous

More information

SYDE 112, LECTURES 3 & 4: The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus

SYDE 112, LECTURES 3 & 4: The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus SYDE 112, LECTURES & 4: The Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus So fr we hve introduced two new concepts in this course: ntidifferentition nd Riemnn sums. It turns out tht these quntities re relted, but it is

More information

The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus. The Total Change Theorem and the Area Under a Curve.

The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus. The Total Change Theorem and the Area Under a Curve. Clculus Li Vs The Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus. The Totl Chnge Theorem nd the Are Under Curve. Recll the following fct from Clculus course. If continuous function f(x) represents the rte of chnge of F

More information

The Regulated and Riemann Integrals

The Regulated and Riemann Integrals Chpter 1 The Regulted nd Riemnn Integrls 1.1 Introduction We will consider severl different pproches to defining the definite integrl f(x) dx of function f(x). These definitions will ll ssign the sme vlue

More information

MATH 1080: Calculus of One Variable II Fall 2017 Textbook: Single Variable Calculus: Early Transcendentals, 7e, by James Stewart.

MATH 1080: Calculus of One Variable II Fall 2017 Textbook: Single Variable Calculus: Early Transcendentals, 7e, by James Stewart. MATH 1080: Clculus of One Vrile II Fll 2017 Textook: Single Vrile Clculus: Erly Trnscendentls, 7e, y Jmes Stewrt Unit 2 Skill Set Importnt: Students should expect test questions tht require synthesis of

More information

HOMEWORK SOLUTIONS MATH 1910 Sections 7.9, 8.1 Fall 2016

HOMEWORK SOLUTIONS MATH 1910 Sections 7.9, 8.1 Fall 2016 HOMEWORK SOLUTIONS MATH 9 Sections 7.9, 8. Fll 6 Problem 7.9.33 Show tht for ny constnts M,, nd, the function yt) = )) t ) M + tnh stisfies the logistic eqution: y SOLUTION. Let Then nd Finlly, y = y M

More information

c n φ n (x), 0 < x < L, (1) n=1

c n φ n (x), 0 < x < L, (1) n=1 SECTION : Fourier Series. MATH4. In section 4, we will study method clled Seprtion of Vribles for finding exct solutions to certin clss of prtil differentil equtions (PDEs. To do this, it will be necessry

More information

Properties of Integrals, Indefinite Integrals. Goals: Definition of the Definite Integral Integral Calculations using Antiderivatives

Properties of Integrals, Indefinite Integrals. Goals: Definition of the Definite Integral Integral Calculations using Antiderivatives Block #6: Properties of Integrls, Indefinite Integrls Gols: Definition of the Definite Integrl Integrl Clcultions using Antiderivtives Properties of Integrls The Indefinite Integrl 1 Riemnn Sums - 1 Riemnn

More information

Week 10: Riemann integral and its properties

Week 10: Riemann integral and its properties Clculus nd Liner Algebr for Biomedicl Engineering Week 10: Riemnn integrl nd its properties H. Führ, Lehrstuhl A für Mthemtik, RWTH Achen, WS 07 Motivtion: Computing flow from flow rtes 1 We observe the

More information

Numerical Analysis: Trapezoidal and Simpson s Rule

Numerical Analysis: Trapezoidal and Simpson s Rule nd Simpson s Mthemticl question we re interested in numericlly nswering How to we evlute I = f (x) dx? Clculus tells us tht if F(x) is the ntiderivtive of function f (x) on the intervl [, b], then I =

More information

5.5 The Substitution Rule

5.5 The Substitution Rule 5.5 The Substitution Rule Given the usefulness of the Fundmentl Theorem, we wnt some helpful methods for finding ntiderivtives. At the moment, if n nti-derivtive is not esily recognizble, then we re in

More information

Evaluating Definite Integrals. There are a few properties that you should remember in order to assist you in evaluating definite integrals.

Evaluating Definite Integrals. There are a few properties that you should remember in order to assist you in evaluating definite integrals. Evluting Definite Integrls There re few properties tht you should rememer in order to ssist you in evluting definite integrls. f x dx= ; where k is ny rel constnt k f x dx= k f x dx ± = ± f x g x dx f

More information

Definite Integrals. The area under a curve can be approximated by adding up the areas of rectangles = 1 1 +

Definite Integrals. The area under a curve can be approximated by adding up the areas of rectangles = 1 1 + Definite Integrls --5 The re under curve cn e pproximted y dding up the res of rectngles. Exmple. Approximte the re under y = from x = to x = using equl suintervls nd + x evluting the function t the left-hnd

More information

MTH 122 Fall 2008 Essex County College Division of Mathematics Handout Version 10 1 October 14, 2008

MTH 122 Fall 2008 Essex County College Division of Mathematics Handout Version 10 1 October 14, 2008 MTH 22 Fll 28 Essex County College Division of Mthemtics Hndout Version October 4, 28 Arc Length Everyone should be fmilir with the distnce formul tht ws introduced in elementry lgebr. It is bsic formul

More information

Stuff You Need to Know From Calculus

Stuff You Need to Know From Calculus Stuff You Need to Know From Clculus For the first time in the semester, the stuff we re doing is finlly going to look like clculus (with vector slnt, of course). This mens tht in order to succeed, you

More information

AP * Calculus Review

AP * Calculus Review AP * Clculus Review The Fundmentl Theorems of Clculus Techer Pcket AP* is trdemrk of the College Entrnce Emintion Bord. The College Entrnce Emintion Bord ws not involved in the production of this mteril.

More information

Lab 11 Approximate Integration

Lab 11 Approximate Integration Nme Student ID # Instructor L Period Dte Due L 11 Approximte Integrtion Ojectives 1. To ecome fmilir with the right endpoint rule, the trpezoidl rule, nd Simpson's rule. 2. To compre nd contrst the properties

More information

STEP FUNCTIONS, DELTA FUNCTIONS, AND THE VARIATION OF PARAMETERS FORMULA. 0 if t < 0, 1 if t > 0.

STEP FUNCTIONS, DELTA FUNCTIONS, AND THE VARIATION OF PARAMETERS FORMULA. 0 if t < 0, 1 if t > 0. STEP FUNCTIONS, DELTA FUNCTIONS, AND THE VARIATION OF PARAMETERS FORMULA STEPHEN SCHECTER. The unit step function nd piecewise continuous functions The Heviside unit step function u(t) is given by if t

More information

1 The fundamental theorems of calculus.

1 The fundamental theorems of calculus. The fundmentl theorems of clculus. The fundmentl theorems of clculus. Evluting definite integrls. The indefinite integrl- new nme for nti-derivtive. Differentiting integrls. Tody we provide the connection

More information