NOAA Seafloor Mapping in the Pacific Islands Region

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1 NOAA Seafloor Mapping in the Pacific Islands Region

2 NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Division Pacific Island Fisheries Science Center Mission Statement Conduct research that provides scientific information and advice to ensure the longterm viability of coral reef ecosystems in the U.S.-affiliated islands of the Pacific

3 U.S. Pacific Islands Leg I Leg III Leg II Multibeam Mapping Areas

4 NOAA & UH Pacific Ships and Acoustics Capabilities NOAA Ship Oscar E. Sette Water Column Mapping NOAA Ship Hi ialakai 2 MB Seafloor Mapping Systems NOAA Launch R/V AHI 1 MB Seafloor Mapping System UH R/V Kilo Moana 2 MB Seafloor Mapping Systems UH/NOAA R/V KA IMIKAI-O-KANALOA 1 MB Seafloor Mapping System

5 Sponsored/supported by: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) National Marine Sanctuaries (NMS) NWHI Coral Reef Ecosystem Reserve (CRER) W. Pac. Fisheries Mgmt. Council (WPFMC) Office of Coast Survey (OCS) Partners: University of Hawaii -- SOEST Hawaii Mapping Research Group (HMRG) Hawaii Undersea Research Lab (HURL) NWHI Cruise KM0206 aboard UH s R/V Kilo Moana 25-day cruise in Oct/Nov 2002 Mapped 38,000+ km 2 of seafloor

6 Bathymetric Atlas of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Jan Gridded Data Sets available on Internet at Printed copies available Fall 2004 A Planning Document for Benthic Habitat Mapping Draft May, 2003 Joyce Miller and Ronald Hoeke, CRED Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center Susan Vogt, Nat l Marine Sanctuaries Bruce Applegate, Paul Johnson and John R. Smith University of Hawaii

7 Midway Map August 2003 NOAA IKONOS Imagery used to develop estimated depths Technique developed by Stumpf & Holderied, NOAA Biogeography N Multibeam data in m depths 10 days of survey Survey speed 7-12 kts 5x 20 GB of data Vertical Exaggeration

8 CNMI/Guam Mapping Aug-Sept 2003 N Areas Mapped Marpi Bank Saipan Tinian Tatsumi Reef Rota (not shown) Guam (not shown)

9 3 Wrecks Sasanhaya Marine Protected Area Rota, CNMI HMRG is developing techniques to process multibeam backscatter/imagery data using software developed at University of Hawaii. Backscatter provides additional information about the character of the seafloor.

10 All data are being submitted to NOAA s Office of Coast Survey for evaluation for possible chart updates. Mapping of submarine volcano ( m) and of Ta u (20-300m) complete. Data are still being processed. Expected data availability October Working with UH/NOAA HURL group Submersible dives scheduled 2005 Mapping in Manu a Islands American Samoa Feb-Mar 2004 Collapsed Caldera Photo from Nat l Park Website

11 1x V.E. IKONOS imagery penetrates to ~50m in clear waters around Olosega Island. IKONOS imagery is draped over USGS 10m DEM and over multibeam bathymetry.

12 0 m H 300 m L Multibeam data provided by D. Naar, Univ. of S. Florida and D. Wright, Oregon State Univ. indicated by blue boxes. Collaboration on analysis of combined data sets is planned. Video data sites shown in red Mar-April 2004 Cruise 0ES0402 Multibeam Mapping and Bottom Video Data Tutuila, American Samoa

13 What s Next? Complete bathymetry processing -- grids available on web Oct 2004 Proposal through Joint Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research using CEROS contracting vehicle to form Pacific Islands Benthic Habitat Mapping Center at the University of Hawaii expected funding in October Mapping center will support operations on Kilo Moana, Sette, Hi ialakai and AHI. Continue processing of backscatter at mapping center Submission of data/metadata to NGDC & CoRIS Submission of all data to NOS Office of Coast Survey for possible inclusion into Pacific charts. Installation of two multibeam sonars on NOAA Ship Hi ialakai for mapping in the U.S. Pacific Islands Mar 2005 Up to 150 mapping days in FY 05. Expansion of NOAA mapping operations to Main Hawaiian Islands

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