# Dynamic Crust Practice

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

## Transcription

1 1. Base your answer to the following question on the cross section below and on your knowledge of Earth science. The cross section represents the distance and age of ocean-floor bedrock found on both sides of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. According to the cross section, every 1 million years, the ocean floor bedrock moves approximately A) 20 km toward the Mid-Atlantic Ridge B) 20 km away from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge C) 40 km toward the Mid-Atlantic Ridge D) 40 km away from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge 2. The basaltic bedrock of the oceanic crust is classified as A) felsic, with a density of 2.7 g/cm 3 B) felsic, with a density of 3.0 g/cm 3 C) mafic, with a density of 2.7 g/cm 3 D) mafic, with a density of 3.0 g/cm 3 3. Compared to the continental crust, the oceanic crust is A) thicker B) more dense C) more granitic D) more felsic 4. Which combination of temperature and pressure is inferred to occur within Earth s stiffer mantle? A) 3500 C and 0.4 million atmospheres B) 3500 C and 2.0 million atmospheres C) 5500 C and 0.4 million atmospheres D) 5500 C and 2.0 million atmospheres 5. What happens to the density and temperature of rock within Earth s interior as depth increases? A) density decreases and temperature decreases B) density decreases and temperature increases C) density increases and temperature increases D) density increases and temperature decreases Page 1 6. In the diagram below, letters A and B represent locations near the edge of a continent. A geologist who compares nonsedimentary rock samples from locations A and B would probably find that the samples from location A contain A) more granite B) more basalt C) more fossils D) the same minerals and fossils 7. Compared to the oceanic crust, the continental crust is usually A) thicker, with a less dense granitic composition B) thicker, with a more dense basaltic composition C) thinner, with a less dense granitic composition D) thinner, with a more dense basaltic composition

2 8. On the map below, points A through D represent locations on Earth's surface. Which location is positioned over a mantle hot spot? A) A B) B C) C D) D 9. Which two features are commonly found at divergent plate boundaries? A) mid-ocean ridges and rift valleys B) wide valleys and deltas C) ocean trenches and subduction zones D) hot spots and island arcs 10.The convection currents responsible for moving tectonic plates occur in which Earth layer? A) crust B) rigid mantle C) stiffer mantle D) asthenosphere 11. The Aleutian Islands extend westward from southern Alaska to form the northern boundary of the Pacific Ocean. These volcanic islands were formed by the nearby A) subduction of a continental plate B) subduction of an oceanic plate C) divergence of a continental plate D) divergence of an oceanic plate 12. In which Earth layer are most convection currents that cause seafloor spreading thought to be located? A) crust B) asthenosphere C) outer core D) inner core 13. The map below shows California and a section of the San Andreas Fault. What is the primary geologic process occurring along the San Andreas Fault? A) transform movement B) spreading movement C) subduction D) convergence 14. A seismic station recorded the P-waves, but no S -waves, from an earthquake because S-waves were A) absorbed by Earth's outer core B) transmitted only through liquids C) weak and detected only at nearby locations D) not produced by this earthquake Page 2

3 Dynamic Crust Practice 15. Base your answer to the following question on the map below and on your knowledge of Earth science. The map shows the coast of the northwestern United States. The Explorer and Gorda ridges and plates are parts of the Juan de Fuca tectonic system. The arrow on which map best shows the direction of movement of the Juan de Fuca Plate in relation to the Juan de Fuca Ridge? A) B) C) D) Page 3

4 16. Which cross section best represents the convection currents in the mantle beneath the Peru-Chile Trench? A) B) C) D) 17. The block diagram below shows the boundary between two tectonic plates. Which type of plate boundary is shown? A) divergent B) convergent C) transform D) complex 18. Which part of Earth s interior is inferred to have convection currents that cause tectonic plates to move? A) rigid mantle B) asthenosphere C) outer core D) inner core Page 4

5 19. The cross section below represents a pattern of magnetic field reversals preserved in the igneous bedrock of the oceanic crust east of the Mid-Atlantic ridge. Which cross section best represents the magnetic field pattern west of the Mid-Atlantic ridge? A) B) C) D) 20. Base your answer to the following question on the passage below. Crustal Activity at Mid-Ocean Ridges Mid-ocean ridges are found at one type of tectonic plate boundary. These ridges consist of extensive underwater mountain ranges split by rift valleys. The rift valleys mark places where two crustal plates are pulling apart, widening the ocean basins, and allowing magma from the asthenosphere to move upward. In some cases, mid-ocean ridges have migrated toward nearby mantle hot spots. This explains why mid-ocean ridges and mantle hot spots are found together at several locations. Which type of tectonic plate boundary is located at mid-ocean ridges? A) convergent B) transform C) divergent D) complex Page 5

6 21. Base your answer to the following question on the map of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge shown below. Points A through D are locations on the ocean floor. Line XY connects locations in North America and Africa. In which cross section do the arrows best show the convection occurring within the asthenosphere beneath line XY? A) B) C) D) Page 6

7 22. Which cross section below best represents the crustal plate motion that is the primary cause of the volcanoes and deep rift valleys found at mid-ocean ridges? A) 24. Base your answer to the following question on the information and diagram below. At intervals in the past, the Earth's magnetic field has reversed. The present North magnetic pole was once the South magnetic pole, and the present South magnetic pole was once the North magnetic pole. A record of these changes is preserved in the igneous rocks that formed at mid-ocean ridges and moved away from the ridges. The diagram below represents the pattern of normal and reversed magnetic polarity in the igneous rocks composing the ocean crust on the east side of a mid-ocean ridge. B) C) D) Which diagram below best shows the pattern of normal and reversed polarity on the west side of the mid-ocean ridge? A) 23. The diagram below represents a cross section of a portion of the Earth's crust and mantle. LettersA, B, C, D and X identify locations within the crust. B) C) D) The age of oceanic crust increases along a line between location X and location A) A B) B C) C D) D Page 7

8 25. Base your answer to the following question on the map below, which shows the tectonic plate boundaries near the East African Rift. Arrows show relative tectonic plate movement. A region of Africa is crosshatched. Which diagram best represents the polarity of the magnetic field preserved in the ocean-floor bedrock found on both sides of the Mid-Indian Ridge? A) B) C) D) Page 8

9 26. Base your answer to the following question on the map below which shows mid-ocean ridges and trenches in the Pacific Ocean. Specific areas A, B, C, and D are indicated by shaded rectangles. Base your answers to questions 28 through 30 on the map below, which shows seismograph recording stations at locations A, B, and C. Location D is an earthquake epicenter. The distances from locations A and B to this epicenter are given in kilometers. Movement of the crustal plates shown in the diagram is most likely caused by A) the revolution of the Earth B) the erosion of the Earth's crust C) shifting of the Earth's magnetic poles D) convection currents in the Earth's mantle 27. The diagram below shows the collision of an oceanic plate and a continental plate. Collisions between oceanic plates and continental plates are thought to result primarily from A) hot liquid magma in the inner core B) convection currents in the mantle C) volcanic eruptions along coastlines D) meteor impacts in the ocean basins 28. Approximately how long did the S-wave take to travel from the epicenter to location A? A) 11 min 15 sec B) 9 min 35 sec C) 5 min 20 sec D) 4 min 20 sec 29. At which location is the arrival-time difference between the P-wave and the S-wave greatest? A) A B) B C) C D) D 30. Which statement best describes the igneous crustal bedrock below locations A, B, C, and D? A) The bedrock below D is mostly basalt; below A, B, and C, the bedrock is mostly granite. B) The bedrock below D is mostly granite; below A, B, and C, the bedrock is mostly basalt. C) The bedrock below A, B, C, and D is mostly basalt. D) The bedrock below A, B, C, and D is mostly granite. Page 9

10 31. Base your answer to the following question on the diagram below and on your knowledge of Earth science. The diagram represents a cut-away view of Earth's interior and the paths of some of the seismic waves produced by an earthquake that originated below Earth's surface. Points A, B, and C represent seismic stations on Earth's surface. Point D represents a location at the boundary between the core and the mantle. Seismic station A is 5000 kilometers from the epicenter. What is the difference between the arrival time of the first P-wave and the arrival time of the first S-wave recorded at this station? A) 2 minutes 20 seconds B) 6 minutes 40 seconds C) 8 minutes 20 seconds D) 15 minutes 00 second Page 10

11 32. The diagram below represents three seismograms showing the same earthquake as it was recorded at three different seismic stations, A, B, and C. Which statement correctly describes the distance between the earthquake epicenter and these seismic stations? A) A is closest to the epicenter, and C is farthest from the epicenter. B) B is closest to the epicenter, and C is farthest from the epicenter. C) C is closest to the epicenter, and A is farthest from the epicenter. D) A is the closest to the epicenter, and B is the farthest from the epicenter. Page 11

### 6. In the diagram below, letters A and B represent locations near the edge of a continent.

1. Base your answer to the following question on the cross section below and on your knowledge of Earth science. The cross section represents the distance and age of ocean-floor bedrock found on both sides

### Dynamic Earth A B1. Which type of plate boundary is located at the Jordan Fault? (1) divergent (3) convergent (2) subduction (4) transform

Dynamic Earth A B1 1. The edges of most lithospheric plates are characterized by (1) reversed magnetic orientation (2) unusually rapid radioactive decay (3) frequent volcanic activity (4) low P-wave and

### Practice Questions: Plate Tectonics

Practice Questions: Plate Tectonics 1. Base your answer to the following question on The block diagram below shows the boundary between two tectonic plates. Which type of plate boundary is shown? A) divergent

### 1. In the diagram below, letters A and B represent locations near the edge of a continent.

1. In the diagram below, letters A and B represent locations near the edge of a continent. A geologist who compares nonsedimentary rock samples from locations A and B would probably find that the samples

### Page 1. Name:

Name: 1) Earth's internal heat is the primary source of energy that A) warms the lower troposphere B) pollutes deep groundwater with radioactivity C) moves the lithospheric plates D) melts glacial ice

### The Dynamic Crust 2) 4) Which diagram represents the most probable result of these forces? 1)

1. The diagrams below show cross sections of exposed bedrock. Which cross section shows the least evidence of crustal movement? 1) 3) 4. The diagram below represents a section of the Earth's bedrock. The

### D) outer core B) 1300 C A) rigid mantle A) 2000 C B) density, temperature, and pressure increase D) stiffer mantle C) outer core

1. In which area of Earth's interior is the pressure most likely to be 2.5 million atmospheres? A) asthenosphere B) stiffer mantle C) inner core D) outer core Base your answers to questions 2 and 3 on

### Question #1 Assume that the diagram below shows a cross section of part of the lithosphere.

Name: Class: Date: Question #1 Assume that the diagram below shows a cross section of part of the lithosphere. Which diagram correctly shows what will happen to the lithosphere when pushed by tectonic

### A. rift valley B. deep trench C. volcanic cone D. uplifted mountain. A. a volcanic island arc B. a large watershed area

DC Practice Test Dynamic Crust PRCTICE TEST Zimm's Earth Science 2013 1. Which feature would most likely be forming at converging continental tectonic plate boundaries?. rift valley. deep trench C.

### UNIT 11 PLATE TECTONICS

UNIT 11 PLATE TECTONICS A. ALFRED WEGENER 1. Continental drift hypothesis Single supercontinent called Pangaea 200 million years ago Pangaea (all land) began to break up and started drifting to their present

### Features of Tectonic Plates

Features of Tectonic Plates PowerPoint 12.2 The Earth s Layers Crust Brittle Continental crust composed mainly of granite Oceanic crust composed mainly of basalt Mantle Denser than the crust Upper is molten

### Unit 11: Plate Tectonics

Unit 11: Plate Tectonics A. Alfred Wegner 1. Continental drift hypothesis a. single supercontinent called Pangaea b. 200 million years ago Pangaea (all land) began to break up and started drifting to their

### Science 10 PROVINCIAL EXAM STUDY BOOKLET. Unit 4. Earth Science

Science 10 PROVNCAL EXAM STUDY BOOKLET Unit 4 Earth Science Student nstructions 1. Ensure that you have blank paper and a Data Booklet. 2. Record all answers on a separate piece of paper. 3. Answer keys

### 1. List the 3 main layers of Earth from the most dense to the least dense.

1. List the 3 main layers of Earth from the most dense to the least dense. 2. List the 6 layers of earth based on their physical properties from the least dense to the most dense. 3. The thinnest layer

### Chapter. Graphics by Tasa Graphic Arts. Inc.

Earth Chapter Plate Science 9 Tectonics Graphics by Tasa Graphic Arts. Inc. 1 I. Earth s surface is made up of lithospheric plates. A. Lithospheric plates are composed of the crust and part of the upper

### L.O: THE CRUST USE REFERENCE TABLE PAGE 10

USE REFERENCE TABLE PAGE 10 1. The oceanic crust is thought to be composed mainly of A) granite B) sandstone C) basalt D) rhyolite 2. To get sample material from the mantle, drilling will be done through

### PLATE TECTONICS REVIEW GAME!!!!

PLATE TECTONICS REVIEW GAME!!!! Name the four layers of the earth - crust - mantle - outer core - inner core Which part of Earth s structure contains tectonic plates? LITHOSPHERE Name one reason why the

### Topic 12 Review Book Earth s Dynamic Crust and Interior

Topic 12 Review Book Earth s Dynamic Crust and Interior Define the Vocabulary 1. asthenosphere 2. continental crust 3. Convection current 4. Convergent plate boundary 5. Divergent plate boundary 6. earthquake

### The Two Types of Crust. Plate Tectonics. Physical Layers of the Earth. The Asthenosphere. The Lithosphere. Chemical Layers of the Earth

Plate Tectonics A Reminder of Earth s Structure Two physical units of Earth that are important too! How the Earth Works Plate Tectonics Plate Boundaries Chemical Layers of the Earth Crust - low density

### Moho (Mohorovicic discontinuity) - boundary between crust and mantle

Earth Layers Dynamic Crust Unit Notes Continental crust is thicker than oceanic crust Continental Crust Thicker Less Dense Made of Granite Oceanic Crust Thinner More Dense Made of Basalt Moho (Mohorovicic

### September 14, SWBAT explain how divergent boundaries shape Earth s surface.

September 14, 2016 Aims: SWBAT explain how divergent boundaries shape Earth s surface. Agenda 1. Do Now 2. Class Notes 3. Guided Practice 4. Independent Practice 5. Practicing our AIMS: Homework: EI.11

### Continental Drift. & Plate Tectonics

Continental Drift & Plate Tectonics Alfred Wegener, a German scientist, proposed the hypothesis of CONTINENTAL DRIFT, in 1912. Hypothesis stated: All Earth s continents were once a single landmass (Pangaea)

### Plates Moving Apart Types of Boundaries

Plates Moving Apart Types of Boundaries PLATE TECTONICS IS The theory that the Earth s crust is broken into slabs of rock that move around on top of the asthenosphere. How fast are plates moving? The Arctic

### Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE

Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE Tarbuck Lutgens Chapter 9 Plate Tectonics 9.1 Continental Drift An Idea Before Its Time Wegener s continental drift hypothesis stated that the continents had once been joined

### 5. Convergent boundaries produce a relatively low number of earthquakes compared to other boundaries. a. True

1. Earth s crust is thinner than its mantle. ANSWER: True 2. The concept of isostacy states that high-density rock will stand higher than low-density rock, which explains the formation of subduction zones.

### Topic 5: The Dynamic Crust (workbook p ) Evidence that Earth s crust has shifted and changed in both the past and the present is shown by:

Topic 5: The Dynamic Crust (workbook p. 65-85) Evidence that Earth s crust has shifted and changed in both the past and the present is shown by: --sedimentary horizontal rock layers (strata) are found

### Plate Tectonics: A Scientific Revolution Unfolds

Chapter 2 Lecture Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology Eleventh Edition Plate Tectonics: A Scientific Revolution Unfolds Tarbuck and Lutgens From Continental Drift to Plate Tectonics Prior to the

### NAME: Log onto YouTube and search for jocrisci channel.

NAME: Log onto YouTube and search for jocrisci channel. EARTH S INTERIOR (Videos 5.1 ESRT 10) 1. What is the density of the continental crust? 2. What is the density of the oceanic crust? 3. What is the

### I. Earth s Layers a. Crust: Earth s outside layer. Made of mostly rock. i. Continental: er; made of mostly granite, forms the continents and shallow

I. Earth s Layers a. Crust: Earth s outside layer. Made of mostly rock. i. Continental: er; made of mostly granite, forms the continents and shallow sea beds, floats! ii. Oceanic: er; dense rock such as

### Our Dynamic Earth Unit Unit 5

EARTH SCIENCE REGENTS - SOTO Our Dynamic Earth Unit Unit 5 Mr. Soto - Key 1/1/2013 Our Dynamic Earth Vocabulary List 1 Directions: Define each vocabulary word provided below. You may have to use your Earth

### Ch 9.1 Notes. Objective: Be able to explain the theory of plate tectonics and be able to explain evidence that supports it.

Ch 9.1 Notes Objective: Be able to explain the theory of plate tectonics and be able to explain evidence that supports it. Pangaea Alfred Wegener proposed that land on Earth formed a single, huge landmass.

### Evidence from the Surface. Chapter 02. Continental Drift. Fossil Evidence for Pangaea. Seafloor Spreading. Seafloor Spreading 1/31/2012

Evidence from the Surface Surface landforms Continental shelf and slope Abyssal Plane Mid-oceanic ridge Oceanic Trenches Chapter 02 Continental Drift Continental Drift - a hypothesis that the continents

### The Theory of Plate Tectonics Name

The Theory of Plate Tectonics Name Intermediate Version Block CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1. The scientific theory that describes the movement of Earth s outer layer is called. CHAPTER 2 CONTINENTAL DRIFT:

### sonar seismic wave basalt granite

geologist sonar crust geology seismic wave mantle constructive force basalt inner core destructive force granite outer core The solid, rocky, surface layer of the earth. an instrument that can find objects

### C) 10:20:40 A) the difference between the arrival times of the P -wave and the S -wave

1. The arrival time of the first earthquake P-wave at a seismograph station was 10:11:20 (hours:minutes:seconds). If the epicenter of the earthquake is 8000 km away, what was the approximate arrival time

### The continents are in constant! movement! Earth Science!

The continents are in constant movement Earth Science Transitional Science 10 Note and Activity Package for Chapter 12 Note: If you lose this package it is your responsibility to print out a new copy from

### Plate Boundaries & Resulting Landforms

Plate Boundaries & Resulting Landforms Divergent Plate Boundaries (plates being pulled apart) Type: oceanic plates Description: rising magma gently lifts the crust creating a ridge. The flow of convection

### OBJECTIVE: For each boundary type, give an example of where they occur on Earth.

OBJECTIVE: Explain the theory of Plate Tectonics. COMPARE AND CONTRAST DIVERGENT, CONVERGENT AND TRANSFORM BOUNDARIES. ***very important. Describe what geologic features form at each of the three CONVERGENT

### PLATE TECTONICS 11/13/ Investigations of glaciers also indicated that the land masses on Earth were once a supercontinent.

PLATE TECTONICS Alfred Wegener thought that the landmasses fit together like a jigsaw puzzle. He called the land mass Pangaea. Meaning all land Continental Drift Wegener theory first coining the word -

### 12/3/2014. Plate Tectonics: A Scientific Revolution Unfolds Earth Science, 13e Chapter 7. Continental drift: an idea before its time

Plate Tectonics: A Scientific Revolution Unfolds Earth Science, 13e Chapter 7 Stanley C. Hatfield Southwestern Illinois College Continental drift: an idea before its time Alfred Wegener First proposed

### Continental Drift. Wegener theory that the crustal plates are moving and once were a super continent called Pangaea.

PLATE TECTONICS WHAT IS TECTONICS? Tectonism is the faulting or folding or other deformation of the outer layer of a planet. It happens very slowly, on the scale of millions of years. Tectonic activity

### Earth Dynamics. Landforms at Plate Boundaries

Earth Dynamics CHAPTER 8 LESSON 2 Landforms at Boundaries What do you think? Read the two statements below and decide whether you agree or disagree with them. Place an A in the Before column if you agree

### Chapter 4: Plate Tectonics

Chapter 4: Plate Tectonics K2 in the Himalaya, inset round submersible (beneath the submarine) that went to the Marianas Trench in 1960 http://www.nydailynews.com/news/world/james-cameron-presents-record-setting-deep-sea-expedition-article-1.1215139

### The map below shows the locations of earthquakes and volcanoes

45 Understanding Plate Boundaries R EA D I N G The map below shows the locations of earthquakes and volcanoes on the earth s surface. Today, many of the world s most active volcanoes are located around

### Chapter 2 Plate Tectonics and the Ocean Floor

Chapter 2 Plate Tectonics and the Ocean Floor Matching. Match the term or person with the appropriate phrase. You may use each answer once, more than once or not at all. 1. hydrothermal vents A. convergent

### Earthquakes = shaking of Earth because of a rapid release of energy

There are more than 30,000 earthquakes worldwide each year! Earthquakes = shaking of Earth because of a rapid release of energy usually because of movement of tectonic plates Most earthquakes last for

### Plates & Boundaries The earth's continents are constantly moving due to the motions of the tectonic plates.

Plates & Boundaries The earth's continents are constantly moving due to the motions of the tectonic plates. As you can see, some of the plates contain continents and others are mostly under the ocean.

### The Structure of the Earth and Plate Tectonics

The Structure of the Earth and Plate Tectonics Agree or Disagree? 1. The Earth if made up of 4 different layers. 2. The crust (where we live) can be made of either less dense continental crust or the more

### Plate Tectonics. Structure of the Earth

Plate Tectonics Structure of the Earth The Earth can be considered as being made up of a series of concentric spheres, each made up of materials that differ in terms of composition and mechanical properties.

### Dynamic Crust Regents Review

Name Dynamic Crust Regents Review Base your answers to questions 1 through 3 on the table below, which lists the location of some earthquakes, their Richter magnitude, and their year of occurrence. Data

### 1.4 Notes: Plates Converge or Scrape Past Each Other Think About Tectonic Plates Push Together at Convergent Boundaries

1.4 Notes: Plates Converge or Scrape Past Each Other Think About If new crust is created at divergent boundaries, why does the total amount of crust on Earth stay the same? Tectonic Plates Push Together

### Ch. 9 Review. Pgs #1-31 Write Questions and Answers

Ch. 9 Review Pgs. 356-357 #1-31 Write Questions and Answers 356-357 #1-5 Answers 1. The layer of the upper mantle that can flow is the: A - Asthenosphere 2. Most scientists rejected Wegener s theory of

### Laboratory #7: Plate Tectonics

Materials Needed: 1. Pencil 2. Colored Pencils 3. Metric/Standard Ruler 4. Calculator 5. Tracing Paper Laboratory #7: Plate Tectonics Plate Tectonics The Earth is composed of layers. At the center is a

### Foundations of Earth Science Seventh Edition

Chapter 5 Lecture Outline Foundations of Earth Science Seventh Edition Plate Tectonics: A Scientific Revolution Unfolds Natalie Bursztyn Utah State University From Continental Drift to Plate Tectonics

### Chapter Two. Figure 02_02. Geography of the Ocean Basins. The Sea Floor

Chapter Two The Sea Floor Geography of the Ocean Basins Figure 02_02 The world ocean is the predominant feature on the Earth in total area. In the Northern Hemisphere, 61% of the total area is ocean. In

### Lab 2: Plate tectonics

Geology 101 Name(s): Lab 2: Plate tectonics Plate tectonics is the theory that is used to explain geological phenomena worldwide. For this reason, most of the useful maps that illustrate plate tectonics

### 8 th Grade Science Plate Tectonics and Topography Review

8 th Grade Science Plate Tectonics and Topography Review #1 Scientists believe that the land masses of Earth were once joined together as one supercontinent called. A: Australia B: Wegner C: Pangaea D:

### General Oceanography Geology 105 Expedition 8 Plate Boundaries Beneath the Sea Complete by Thursday at 11:00 PM

General Oceanography Geology 105 Expedition 8 Plate Boundaries Beneath the Sea Complete by Thursday at 11:00 PM Name Expedition Objectives Learn about the types of plate boundaries and their key characteristics

### What Are Tectonic Plates?

Plate Tectonics The theory that the Earth s outermost layer is fragmented into a dozen or more large and small plates that move relative to one another as they ride on top of hotter, more mobile material.

### Important information from Chapter 1

Important information from Chapter 1 Distinguish between: Natural hazard // Disaster // Catastrophe What role does human population play in these categories? Know how to read a Hazard Map, such as Figure

### Plate Tectonics. entirely rock both and rock

Plate Tectonics I. Tectonics A. Tectonic Forces are forces generated from within Earth causing rock to become. B. 1. The study of the origin and arrangement of Earth surface including mountain belts, continents,

### TO GO TO ANY OF THE PAGES LISTED BELOW, CLICK ON ITS TITLE

TO GO TO ANY OF THE PAGES LISTED BELOW, CLICK ON ITS TITLE CHAPTER 6 Plate Tectonics 1 6-1 What is continental drift? 2 6-2 Why is the seafloor spreading? 3 6-3 What evidence supports seafloor spreading?

### Essentials of Oceanography Eleventh Edition

Chapter Chapter 1 2 Clickers Lecture Essentials of Oceanography Eleventh Edition Plate Tectonics and the Ocean Floor Alan P. Trujillo Harold V. Thurman Chapter Overview Much evidence supports plate tectonics

### Properties of Earth s Interior

Properties of Earth s Interior Lithosphere - The solid outermost part of Earth Crust - The rocky solid shell that floats on the asthenosphere - includes the ocean floor Asthenosphere - Plastic mantle made

### Finding Fault with Food or Modeling Plate Movement

Finding Fault with Food or Modeling Plate Movement Objective: Use models to describe how tectonic plates cause major geological events such as; ocean basins, earthquakes, volcanoes, and mountain building.

### The Structure of the Earth and Plate Tectonics

The Structure of the Earth and Plate Tectonics Structure of the Earth The Earth is made up of 4 main layers: Inner Core Outer Core Mantle Crust Crust Mantle Outer core Inner core The Crust This is where

### Lecture Outline Friday January 12 Friday January 19, 2018

Lecture Outline Friday January 12 Friday January 19, 2018 Questions?? Key Points for today The structure of the Earth Introduction to Plate Tectonic Theory and Convection Chapter 2 Development of the Plate

### Captain s Tryouts 2017

Captain s Tryouts 2017 Dynamic Planet Test Written by: Araneesh Pratap (Chattahoochee High School) Name: Date: Answer all questions on the answer sheet. Point values are given next to each question or

### Plate Tectonic Theory

Have you ever looked at a world map and noticed the shapes of the continents? Have you ever noticed how some continents appear to fit together like the pieces of a jigsaw puzzle? Why do you think this

### The Lithosphere and the Tectonic System. The Structure of the Earth. Temperature 3000º ºC. Mantle

The Lithosphere and the Tectonic System Objectives: Understand the structure of the planet Earth Review the geologic timescale as a point of reference for the history of the Earth Examine the major relief

### Plate Tectonics Unit II: Plate Boundaries (3.5 pts)

T. James Noyes, El Camino College Plate Tectonics Unit II: The Plate Boundaries (Topic 11A-2) page 1 Name: Section: Plate Tectonics Unit II: Plate Boundaries (3.5 pts) Plate Boundaries We will now discuss

### Snack Tectonics or Modeling Plate Movement

Snack Tectonics or Modeling Plate Movement Objective: Use models to describe how tectonic plates cause major geological events such as; ocean basins, earthquakes, volcanoes, and mountain building. Questions:

### Chapter 7 Plate Tectonics. Plate tectonics accounts for important features of Earth s surface and major geologic events.

Chapter 7 Plate Tectonics Plate tectonics accounts for important features of Earth s surface and major geologic events. 7-2 Alfred Wegener s Hypothesis of Continental Drift (1915) ONE single landmass

### Introduction to Oceanography. Chapter 2: Plate Tectonics Overview

Introduction to Oceanography Chapter 2: Plate Tectonics Overview Much evidence supports plate tectonics theory. The plate tectonics model describes features and processes on Earth. Plate tectonic science

### Chapter 7 Plate Tectonics. Plate tectonics accounts for important features of Earth s surface and major geologic events.

Chapter 7 Plate Tectonics Plate tectonics accounts for important features of Earth s surface and major geologic events. 7-2 Alfred Wegener s Hypothesis of Continental Drift (1915) He noticed that the continents

### Study Guide for Test: Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes & Volcanoes

Name: KEY Date: Period: Study Guide for Test: Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes & Volcanoes Copy of Class Notes at http://feldmannscience.weebly.com. Access website by computer or mobile device! Tutoring offered

### Continental Drift to Plate Tectonics: From Hypothesis to Theory

Continental Drift to Plate Tectonics: From Hypothesis to Theory 1 Key Understandings Internal structure of the earth/structure of the crust. Difference between continental drift & plate tectonics. Evidence

### MAR110 Lecture #5 Plate Tectonics-Earthquakes

1 MAR110 Lecture #5 Plate Tectonics-Earthquakes Figure 5.0 Plate Formation & Subduction Destruction The formation of the ocean crust from magma that is upwelled into a pair of spreading centers. Pairs

### Tectonic Time Trials

Unit 3 Personnel: Tectonic Time Trials Reader Person to Reset Buzzer Score Keeper (As ticks: IIII II ) IF POSSIBLE, USE A BUZZER SYSTEM SUCH AS THOSE USED ON THE TELEVISION GAME, JEOPARDY. Rules of the

### Plate Tectonics. Chapter 5

Plate Tectonics Chapter 5 Earth s Interior Scientists learn about the interior of Earth in 2 ways Direct Method Rock Samples Drilling Caves Earth s Interior Indirect Method Seismic Waves Speed of waves

### 3. The diagram below shows how scientists think some of Earth's continents were joined together in the geologic past.

1. The map below shows the present-day locations of South America and Africa. Remains of Mesosaurus, an extinct freshwater reptile, have been found in similarly aged bedrock formed from lake sediments

### OCN 201: Seafloor Spreading and Plate Tectonics I

OCN 201: Seafloor Spreading and Plate Tectonics I Revival of Continental Drift Theory Kiyoo Wadati (1935) speculated that earthquakes and volcanoes may be associated with continental drift. Hugo Benioff

### Theory of Plate Tectonics

Theory of Plate Tectonics The Theory of Plate Tectonics Plate tectonics is the theory that the Earth's lithosphere is divided into tectonic plates that move around on top of the asthenosphere. The plates

### PLATE TECTONICS Chapter 4 Notes

PLATE TECTONICS Chapter 4 Notes Review Earth s Interior Ch 1. Geologists have used two main types of evidence to learn about Earth s interior: Direct evidence from rocks drilled from deep inside Earth

### Origin of solar system. Origin of solar system. Geology of the Hawaiian Islands. Any Questions? Class 2 15 January 2004

Geology of the Hawaiian Islands Class 2 15 January 2004 Any Questions? Origin of solar system Pick a theory, any theory, but it must be consistent with these facts: Planets all revolve around the Sun in

### Any Questions? 99.9 % of mass is in the Sun; 99 % of angular momentum is in the planets. Planets in two groups:

Geology of the Hawaiian Islands Class 2 15 January 2004 Any Questions? Origin of solar system Pick a theory, any theory, but it must be consistent with these facts: Planets all revolve around the Sun in

### CHAPTER 9. Basics Of geology: earthquakes & volcanoes

161 CHAPTER 9 Basics Of geology: earthquakes & volcanoes CHAPTER s Objectives To introduce the theory of one supercontinent To discuss the clues and proofs that support the theory of one supercontinent

### Plate Tectonics. 1)The plate tectonic system 2)A theory is born 3) Early evidence for continental drift 4) Continental drift and paleomagnetism

Plate Tectonics Plate boundaries 1)The plate tectonic system 2)A theory is born 3) Early evidence for continental drift 4) Continental drift and paleomagnetism 6)History and future of plate motions system

### 24. Ocean Basins p

24. Ocean Basins p. 350-372 Background The majority of the planet is covered by ocean- about %. So the majority of the Earth s crust is. This crust is hidden from view beneath the water so it is not as

### General Oceanography Geology 105 Expedition 8 Plate Boundaries Beneath the Sea

General Oceanography Geology 105 Expedition 8 Plate Boundaries Beneath the Sea Name Not attempting to answer questions on expeditions will result in point deductions on course workbook (two or more blank

### Earth s Interior. Use Target Reading Skills. Exploring Inside Earth

Plate Tectonics Name Date Class Earth s Interior This section explains how scientists learn about Earth s interior. The section also describes the layers that make up Earth and explains why Earth acts

### Learning Objectives (LO)! Lecture 11: Plate Tectonics II! No Homework!! ** Chapter 3 **! What we ll learn today:!

Learning Objectives (LO)! Lecture 11: Plate Tectonics II! No Homework!! ** Chapter 3 **! What we ll learn today:! 1. List the three types of tectonic plate boundaries! 2. Describe the processes occurring

### Plate Tectonics Investigation

Plate Tectonics Investigation Exploration A Look at a watch or clock with a second hand in the classroom. 1. What evidence of movement do you see on the clock face? 2. What other movement do you know takes

### MCAS QUESTIONS: THE EARTH S INTERIOR, CONTINENTAL DRIFT, PLATE TECTONICS

NAME: PER: MCAS QUESTIONS: THE EARTH S INTERIOR, CONTINENTAL DRIFT, PLATE TECTONICS 1. Which of the following statements best explains why the lower mantle of Earth is much more rigid and dense than the

### Seafloor Spreading and Paleomagnetism Activity

Name: PART A: Ocean Bottom Profile Background: Seafloor spreading is the hypothesis that the sea floor moves sideways away from the crest of the mid- ocean ridge. It is estimated that 20 volcanic eruptions

### 4 Deforming the Earth s Crust

CHAPTER 7 4 Deforming the Earth s Crust SECTION Plate Tectonics BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What happens when rock is placed under stress?

### Station A Answer all of the historical questions regarding the origins of Plate Tectonic Theory on your answer sheet A.

Station A 2017 Answer all of the historical questions regarding the origins of Plate Tectonic Theory on your answer sheet A. 1 P age Station A 2017 1. (1pt) Who was the scientist that developed the preliminary

### Chapter Review USING KEY TERMS. asthenosphere uplift continental drift. known as. tectonic plates move. object. UNDERSTANDING KEY IDEAS

Skills Worksheet Chapter Review USING KEY TERMS 1. Use the following terms in the same sentence: crust, mantle, and core. Complete each of the following sentences by choosing the correct term from the