GIS as a tool in flood management

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1 GIS for the United Nations and the International Community Conference Panel: GIS and Capacity - How Territorial Planning Benefits from Geospatial Information 3-5 April 2012 Geneva, Switzerland GIS as a tool in flood management Jan Moritz Krüger Associated Programme on Flood Management WMO GIS for the United Nations and the International Community Conference, April 3-5, 2012, Geneva

2 Terrestrial Planning. Why integrated? We are often working on a subject considering spatial data & information from various fields. Thus, a multi-disciplinary approach is needed.

3 The Associated Programme on Flood Management The Mission is to support countries in the integrated management of floods. Sustainable development balancing development needs and flood risks Environmental preservation for ecosystem services & health

4 Understanding flood risk Flood risk consists of the magnitude of the flood hazard expressed in terms of frequency and severity, the exposure of human activities to flooding, the vulnerability of the elements at risk.

5 Understanding flood risk Maps as an information tool indicating: what? where? (hazard and risk parameters) (geographic extent) Knowledge has only value if it is applied! => backbone of sustainable development

6 In order to establish a flood strategy... Hazard identification: What is affected? What is the extent? register of past events geomorphologic analysis, topography Hazard assessment: What is the impact? Magnitude/ intensity. hazard maps, vulnerability maps Risk assessment: What is the potential loss? risk maps What level of safety can we achieve? The decision making process: How to adapt? spatial planning of measures emergency planning

7 Terrestrial Planning & Capacity Building What is the message With GIS, we have the tool. We have the knowledge and technology. We have to use it! Is there a lack of capacity? Data requires capacity Capacity Building - Telling a Story The more complex a tool becomes, the more capacity building is needed.

8 Terrestrial Planning & Capacity Building What is the message The challenge is to figure out What is necessary / available to enable the user to use it? Part of the capacity building process is to clarify the needs of WMO members Bring together experts, c o n n e c t i n g inter-disciplinary manner, avoid overlapping.

9 GIS for the United Nations and the International Community Conference Panel: GIS and Capacity - How Territorial Planning Benefits from Geospatial Information GIS for the United Nations and the International Community Conference, April 3-5, 2012, Geneva 3-5 April 2012 Geneva, Switzerland Thank you for your attention.

10 river net soils GIS for the United Nations and the International Community Conference, April 3-5, 2012, Geneva Geospatial data related to flood issues human impact on the hydrological cycle location of settlements topography land use land cover location of (potential) measures people affected emergency planning prevention forecasting mapping, plotting, monitoring results supporting the decision making process potentially inundated areas flow direction catchment response water inand output

11 Guidance on Flood Mapping Possible types of maps in relation to their use Different approaches in producing flood maps Required institutional framework for development of flood maps

12 Flood types Riverine floods Pluvial floods Flash floods Landslides Debris and mud flows Glacial lake outburst Coastal flooding Ground water Lake overflows Ice jams Dam failure Levee breaches

Title: Concepts of Flood Risk

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