VOLUME 2, ISSUE 2 FALL 2008 IMMERSIVE 3D SIMULATOR-BASED GIS: SHARING THE 3D EXPERIENCE... 3

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1 BAY AREA AUTOMATED MAPPING ASSOCIATION THE VOLUME 2, ISSUE 2 FALL 2008 IN THIS ISSUE: IMMERSIVE 3D SIMULATOR-BASED GIS: SHARING THE 3D EXPERIENCE... 3 CALIFORNIA BROADBAND TASK FORCE: MAPPING THE STATE OF CONNECTIVITY... 5 MIGRATING TO NEW WEB-BASED GEO-TECHNOLOGIES FOR FOREST MONITORING IN THE BAY AREA... 7 GIS EDUCATION AROUND THE BAY AREA: SAN FRANCISCO STATE UNIVERSITY AND THE INSTITUTE FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SCIENCE ANNOUNCING BAAMA S 2009 EDUCATIONAL AWARD... 14

2 BA A M A.ORG A MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT I have bee cotemplatig recet geospatial ews ad activities that have caught my attetio. Techology advacemets have a huge impact o us as geospatial practitioers, ad o our maagemet s expectatio of what is possible. The core geospatial data sets that are beig captured ad processed are amazig. A recet ews bulleti heralded the successful lauch of the world s highest resolutio, commercial Earth-imagig satellite. The advacemets of LiDAR aircraft- ad vehicle-based poit cloud data capture techiques brigs atural ad ma-made features to life i our GIS platforms. The resolutio ad accuracy of image acquisitio cotiues to icrease as does demad by ed users. We are talkig about massive data sets. Coversely, the smart phoe revolutio forges ahead to place smaller, lighter, ad faster techology capabilities i our hads. The umbers of smart phoes beig purchased is staggerig. Smart phoe techology supports a variety of social ad busiess activities for users who wat iformatio, ad wat it ow. Icorporate GPS ad cell triagulatio ito the mix ad the devices ca kow where we are ad preset what is aroud us. So, ow we have massive data sets ad ubiquitous hadheld devices. What ca we do with these diverget treds? What we do with massive data sets ad mobile techology is beig iflueced with the proliferatio ad use of digital maps ad digital globes, public-facig web portals, ad web mappig services. These sites are settig or impactig expectatios by our maagemet, elected officials, ad the public o what is available ad the ease to fid ad use the iformatio to solve our real-world busiess eeds. Add to the mix the desire by orgaizatios to make their eterprise kowledge more available to field employees, ad perhaps the larger mobile commuity, ad our challeges to operate ad maitai eterprise geospatial solutios are exacerbated. Are you ready to serve or cosume massive data sets? Have you eabled mobile field staff? Have you cosidered how to make your geospatial iformatio available to the smart phoe commuity withi or outside your orgaizatio? Perhaps this is a opportuity to ehace your skills to support these ew ad excitig techology treds. O the subject of massive data sets, there are several iitiatives i the geospatial world that are focused o implemetig atioal framework themes with a goal of substatial atiowide savigs. Imagery for the Natio (IFTN) reflects a visio that the atio will have a sustaiable ad flexible digital imagery program that meets the eeds of local, state, regioal, tribal ad federal agecies. IFTN is well developed ad actively promoted ad Trasportatio for the Natio ad Parcels for the Natio are i early stages of developmet ad evaluatio. We all look forward to seeig eve more ew developmets ad iitiatives i these areas i the comig years. What geospatial ews ad developmet are capturig your attetio? Ciao, Malcolm Adkis BAAMA Presidet BAY AREA GIS EMERGENCY CONTACT LIST GIS professioals i the Bay Area have bee discussig the eed for a expaded list of GIS professioals that might be called upo for mutual aid support durig a atural disaster respose. A subgroup of BAAMA has take o this task ad requests that GIS professioals who are iterested i beig added to this list to please cotact Phil Beili at the City of Walut Creek, GIS Program for additioal iformatio walut-creek.org). Iterested professioals should submit their: Name Agecy/compay Cotact phoe umber (work ad/or cell) The list will be developed shortly ad distributed to participatig GIS professioals oly for the purposes of emergecy preparatio. Curretly the Tri-Valley Regioal GIS Group (Livermore, Pleasato, Sa Ramo, EBRPD, Dubli, Daville, Walut Creek, SRVFPD) have added their ames to the list to jump start this emergecy preparatio effort. 1

3 BAY AREA AUTOM ATED M APPING ASSOCIATION BA AMA CONNECTING PEOPLE WHO NEED GIS WITH THOSE WHO KNOW GIS BAAMA is the vital orgaizatio of GIS professioals i the Sa Fracisco Bay Regio that promotes parterships ad teamwork with users of GIS techology to improve our eviromet ad commuity. BAAMA is a proud chapter of the Urba ad Regioal Iformatio Systems Associatio (URISA). The missio of BAAMA is to be the primary forum of the Sa Fracisco Bay Regio geospatial commuity that provides educatio for professioal developmet, etworkig opportuities, leadership, coordiatio, ad represetatio ad have fu doig it! BAAMA JOURNAL EDITORIAL BOARD KARIN TUXEN-BETTMAN STELLA WOTHERSPOON KEEP US INFORMED Please sed us your commets, ideas, ad ews. If you wat to write a article about your recet project, let us kow! We are iterested i pieces that educate ad iform the Bay Area GIS audiece of iovative projects usig geospatial techologies. Cotet Editor BAAMA.org BAAMA BOARD OF DIRECTORS MALCOLM ADKINS, PRESIDENT PHIL BEILIN, VICE PRESIDENT PASCAL AKL, TREASURER & WEBMASTER CRISTI DELGADO, SECRETARY JEFF HOBBS DENNIS KLEIN BECKY MORTON KARIN TUXEN-BETTMAN MAGGIE VISSER STELLA WOTHERSPOON DENNIS WUTHRICH BAAMA VOLUNTEERS JUSTIN ANDERSON, DATABASE ADMINISTRATOR GREG BAZHAW, NEWSLETTER EDITOR CHRISTINE BUSH, PODCAST SOUND ENGINEER SCOTT GILLILAND, CONNECTIONS COORDINATOR MICHAEL LOCONTE, COMMUNICATIONS EDITOR May thaks to all of our voluteers for helpig to make BAAMA a cotiued success! Bay Area Automated Mappig Associatio P.O. Box 71073, Oaklad, CA

4 BA A M A.ORG I M M E R S I V E 3 D S I M U L A T O R - B A S E D G I S S H A R I N G T H E 3 D E X P E R I E N C E B Y B R I A N Q U I N N 3 I am ot a gamer. Like other geophysicists, my backgroud i 3-dimesioal data has emphasized the true solid volumes of the subsurface ad structural geology much more tha it has the graphic textured shells of video games ad ciematic special effects. Yet i my experiece with egieerig field surveys, evirometal site ivestigatios, ad exploratio studies for resources or for sciece, 3D data visualizatio has always bee a close compaio of GIS. As a GIS perso I first became orieted to the olie virtual world Secod Life two years ago, ad oe of my first reactios to it was to imagie (re)buildig GIS data i a immersive 3D graphic cotext that had physics simulatio for gravity, solid 3D geometry with user-defied lightig, ad the ability to share the experiece ad commuicate with others logged i to the (GIS-based) model at the same place i real time. GIS-based Multi-User Virtual Eviromets (MUVE) are a ew class of geospatial product that ca be applied to uses like terrai visualizatio, geographically dispersed team collaboratio, field project or urba lad use plaig, or field data publishig all accessed as web services of dyamically streamed 3D graphic objects. I this cotext, GIS-based MUVEs are 3D models published i ways that support thirdperso visualizatio, so that oe sees ot oly the rederig of the 3D model but also oe s ow aget (a.k.a. avatar or character) i the cotext of that rederig ear the user s poit of view. A MUVE s multi-user aspect implies that i it, ay users aget is visible i real time to other earby users. It s bee asked: Who eeds MUVEs? I wo t presume to offer a complete list. I fact may who eed MUVEs are already usig them may without much GIS coectio. I this already-usig-it category are remote techology or busiess teams who beefit from a shared 3D cotext for live discussios of a product desig or process that is complex eough to beefit from augmetig a coferece call with a shared, maipulable 3D versio of the subject i questio. A 1980 s geesis of proto-muves was etworked battlefield simulatio. I GIS, a MUVE is a meas of publishig detailed 3D data of use to policy decisio makers, ecoomic developmet teams, lad-use plaers ad architects, ad public safety tactical traiig sceario builders. Some of these folks presetly use 3D data to reder fly-through movies i advace of a presetatio. Pre-redered fly-throughs are a 3D aalog of a static 2D map product where ed-users must cede cotrol to the cartographer. I the 3D case, the ed-user is cedig cotrol to a ciematographer. Just as web map services let us publish GIS work i a form that ca be browsed at will by the ed-user, a MUVE provides a framework for publishig our 3D GIS cotet at up to floor-pla level of detail where multiple ed-users may avigate the model at (their ow) will, while havig some awareess of others earby i the model who are explorig the same area. MUVES ON THE MOVE Followig 3D graphics techology advaces over the past 15 years, MUVEs have grow more specialized i the applicatios they serve. The earliest ad largest o-gis commercial applicatio is gamig ad i particular, Massively Multiuser Olie Role-Playig Games, or Metaverses. These are o-gis MUVEs that offer social iteractio, shared experieces ad busiess relatioships amog players, users, or residets (see SecodLife.com for a local example). Paraverses are a umbrella term for Augmeted Reality ad Mirror World MUVEs. You might fid your reality augmeted by drivig to work with a live traffic report map delivered to a smart phoe browser (alog with may other simultaeously augmeted commuters). Mirror Worlds ivert that scheme, as i modelig a 3D traffic jam i real time ad allowig users to see the traffic however they chose: flyig over like a traffic helicopter, stuck behid the wheel, or jumpig to the best available model of the jam-causig crash i its actual locatio. For GIS-based public applicatios, it is the Mirror World paradigm that seems most relevat.

5 BAY AREA AUTOM ATED M APPING ASSOCIATION For the past two years, a certai maistreamig of 3D graphic techologies has chaged the way may people access both imagery ad geospatial data as services. The expasive swath of data ad ease of use that is Google Earth has brought user-cotrolled perspectives of terrai-draped orthoimagery to millios of eyes, ad i tur motivated some of us to istall 3D graphics display cards as well. Although both Google Earth ad MS Virtual Earth have established data collectios that could be a foudatio of mirror worlds, either cliet offers a third-perso viewig experiece. Users do ot see themselves i the data represeted by a aget ad ca ot see or iteract with the agets of others who are viewig the same data at the same time. Also, the scales most efficietly dealt with by Google Earth ad MS Virtual Earth cliets are those smaller tha about 1:2000 out to whole-globe viewig. While these are a tremedous rage of viewig scales, all these scales are somewhat smaller tha those that fill everyday huma experiece; they are the scales of GIS more tha those of huma evolutio. A popular Metaverse created by a Sa-Fracisco based compay is published by Lide Lab. Lide s Secod Life Grid techology has bee used to simulate may aspects of life. Users pay a mothly fee to lease a fractioal share of simulator resources withi the grid. Lide Lab maages the server grid, updates both cotiued o page 10 GLOSSARY OF TERMS Aget Also called Avatar or Character, this is a object, typically aimated ad possibly humaoid, that represets a user s presece i a 3D eviromet. MUVE Multi-User Virtual Eviromet, a 3D model that ca be avigated i third-perso, so that oe s presece i the model is represeted by a visible aget that ca be see by others who are also preset i the model at the same time ad earby locatio. MMORPG Massively Multiuser Olie Role-Playig Game, a mode of olie game that is desiged for a very large umber of simultaeous users, who may play fictioal roles i the cotext of a set of game rules. Presetly, this may iclude realistic agets i a 3D MUVE. Metaverse A mode of MUVE that supports large umber of simultaeous users who may iteract (or ot), ad is a 3D virtual world that does ot have game rules. The eviromet eed ot reflect ay physical reality, or do the agets, i a eviromet that ecourages certai types of creativity ad does ot require iformatio from GIS. Paraverse-Augmeted Reality A false world mode of MUVE that provides large umbers of simultaeous users with model iformatio to be cosumed as a supplemet to, or augmetatio of, the real world. A limited example would be live traffic maps delivered to mobile cliets stuck i a traffic jam. Paraverse-Mirror Word A false world mode of MUVE that allows multiple simultaeous users to experiece presece i a recogizable aalog of a portio of the real world. Users are represeted by a aget that is visible to others preset earby at the same time ad commuicatio amog the agets by text or voice is possible. NURB No-Uiform Ratioal B-splie is a mathematical basis for a smooth curve defied by a set of achor poits ad tagets. A commo example i computer graphics is the Bézier curve. Frequetly these are oe-dimesioal curves i two-dimesioal space, but they ca be exteded twodimesioal surfaces i three space, i a form called sculpted mesh. Bumpmap A case of NURB that defies a gridded terrai, where sigle values of elevatio are described over a two-dimesioal area. I some MUVE cliets, bump-maps describe a two-dimesioal array of 24-bit RGB pixels mapped to describe [x,y,z] positios. Secod Life A popular commercial Metaverse with well over 10 millio user accouts, or Residets. The Secod Life grid techology stack icludes a persistet shared 3D world of over 1600 square kilometers, ofte over 50,000 simultaeous users, a physics egie for gravity ad collisios, weather, ad a fuctioal i-world ecoomy covertible to US Dollars. The ico for Secod Life is the hamsa or eye-i-had symbol. SLOGP Secod Life Ope Grid Protocol describes a stadard commuicatio that ca be used by heterogeeous simulator grids, icludig both Secod Life ad OpeSim. OpeSim The Ope Simulator project has created a ope source adaptatio of the basic server fuctioality of the Secod Life servers. Although the source is i Microsoft s C# laguage, may larger-scale users implemet OpeSim servers i Liux usig Moo. The icoic symbol associated with Ope Simulator is a hippopotamus. Moo A ope source project that has created a compatible eviromet for ruig the Microsoft dot-net framework o ay ope source platform, mitigatig Widows licesig. The ico for the Moo project is a stylized mokey head. to rez This verb is used whe describig user experiece with MUVEs based o streamig solid geometry, where the virtual world is delivered o demad ad etwork badwidth may cause complex scees to reder, or resolve, while oe waits. It sometimes refers to the first rez or virtual birth of oe s aget i a give MUVE. 4

6 BA A M A.ORG C A L I F O R N I A BR O A D B A N D TASK F O R C E : M A P P I N G T H E ST A T E O F CO N N E C T I V I T Y B Y MA L C O L M AD K I N S 5 Much like our etwork of highways, broadbad is a ubiquitous ifrastructure that allows huma capital to foster growth across the board ad allows us to be the competitive leader worldwide i all sectors from educatio to healthcare ad iformatio delivery to ecoomic delivery. With these words, the Califoria Broadbad Task Force (CBTF) lauched a uprecedeted statewide effort to assess ad shape a high-speed Iteret strategy that will digitally coect all Califorias. The CBTF was origially formed by Califoria Goveror Arold Schwarzeegger s Executive Order S-23-06, Twety-First Cetury Govermet: Expadig Broadbad Access ad Usage i Califoria i fall Withi this Executive Order, Goveror Schwarzeegger commissioed the CBTF to remove barriers to broadbad access, idetify opportuities for icreased broadbad adoptio, ad eable the creatio ad deploymet of ew advaced commuicatio techologies. The goveror also requested that the CBTF pay particular attetio to how broadbad ca be used to substatially beefit educatioal istitutios, healthcare istitutios, commuity-based orgaizatios, ad govermetal istitutios. Sue Wright McPeak, Presidet ad CEO of the Califoria Emergig Techology Fud (CETF) ad member of the Goveror s Task Force, said, Our challege was to assess availability ad access of broadbad to the state s 37 millio residets ad the create a framework to brig the techology to all regios ad all ethic, age ad icome groups, i effect to brig broadbad to everyoe to tur the digital divide ito a digital opportuity. SHAPING THE VISION I formig the CBTF, the goveror sought diversity i thought, expertise, ad, most importatly, visio. The goveror s Task Force icluded 21 represetatives with widely varyig beliefs o the level of broadbad availability from a umber of local ad state govermets, o-profit orgaizatios, foudatios, the legislature, rural ad urba orgaizatios, research istitutios ad eve broadbad applicatio developers. Icreasig both access to ad use of broadbad will build ecoomic capital, stregthe public safety resources, improve livig stadards, expad educatioal ad healthcare opportuities, ad raise the levels of civic egagemet ad govermetal trasparecy, explais McPeak. The state must seize the opportuity to promote private-sector ivestmet ad leverage public private parterships to icrease broadbad availability ad adoptio. LEVERAGING CAPITAL The formatio of the CBTF coicided with the Califoria Public Utilities Commissio s (PUC) approval of recet telecommuicatios mergers. I tur, the PUC required the survivig compaies to collectively provide $60 millio i shareholder cotributios to the fud over the ext five years to establish the Califoria Emergig Techology Fud, based i Sa Fracisco. The CETF s 12-member goverig board chose by the PUC, telecommuicatios members ad the board itself has the job of extedig Iteret broadbad services to uderrepreseted commuities i rural ad urba Califoria. McPeak recalls, It was a perfect cofluece of evets. The goveror s aoucemet of the Task Force ad its charge to put together a pla of actio for Califoria, coupled with the capitalizatio of the CETF meat that the CETF, as a ot-for-profit orgaizatio, was able to support the Task Force ageda. The CETF s goal is to leverage the $60 millio iitial ivestmet at least four fold, providig closer to $240 millio to help close the digital divide. As a first step, the goveror s Task Force eeded a clear uderstadig of the curret state of broadbad across the state, amely availability, adoptio ad applicatio. SPHERES OF INFLUENCE The CETF, o behalf of the CBTF, retaied Michael Baker Jr., Ic., Oaklad CA, as the mappig cosultat to assemble a comprehesive, up-to-date map of statewide broadbad availability that would serve as a guidelie for policies that will positively ifluece broadbad availability ad adoptio. The CBTF faced several major performace hurdles icludig esurig the security of sesitive busiess ad user iformatio, determiig the quality of the data to be collected, ad determiig the time ad resources eeded to collect, compile, ad aalyze the data. Workig with CBTF ad usig state-of-the-art techiques ad techologies, Baker defied a project methodology to collect, load, ad itegrate data about broadbad availability ad use from all broadbad providers i the state. Key i this effort was the itroductio of a outreach program for telephoe ad cable broadbad providers that would esure the security of sesitive broadbad customer data i a highly competitive market. With appropriate agreemets i place, Baker developed a eviromet where the broadbad providers could deliver sesitive data securely to Baker. The magitude of the data that was goig to be collected was ukow by all parties, as a address-based aalysis had ever bee performed. Malcolm Adkis, Director of Baker s Geospatial Iformatio Techology (GIT) explais, Ultimately, we gathered over 15.7

7 BAY AREA AUTOM ATED M APPING ASSOCIATION millio address-based poits ad boudary extets that equated to approximately aother 8 millio addresses. Broadbad providers delivered data o where they could serve, ot just who they do serve, ad the correspodig combied upstream/dowstream speed to provide the best map-based assessmet of broadbad availability. Providers delivered their source iformatio as discrete address poits (parsed- or cocateated-address field format), as polygoal boudaries provided they were at the city block or smaller extet, ad eve as boudaries delieated o paper maps to eable some of the smaller providers to participate i the program. Baker loaded ad aggregated all the source data ad reported to CETF o the quality of the source data ad geocodig match rates. Aalysis of the massive amout of data revealed that by applyig a oe-kilometer by oe-kilometer grid across the state, CBTF could depict broadbad availability by speed tier (a combied upstream/dowstream data flow rate) i sufficiet detail to make iformed broadbad decisios while protectig the cofidetial data. With a grid i place, Baker icorporated other techiques ito its broadbad aalysis to mask large water bodies ad barre terrai where services would ot be expected. The fial raster grid dataset delivered to the CBTF icluded a iterim map of broadbad availability throughout the state sorted by broadbad speed. The map product was uspecific to broadbad techologies, providers, ad/or addresses. U.S. Cesus housig uits ad household iformatio was the layered o top of the broadbad speed map to help idetify those commuities with limited or o broadbad access. Mike Byre with the Califoria Departmet of Public Health, says, This is so much more tha a traditioal political map of the state. People hear the word map ad they thik it sits o a shelf ad you use it for home. referece whe you wat to make a trip. That s ot the case with the statewide broadbad availability map. This is a dyamic, iteractive, fuctioal resource that will drive all future programs to expad broadbad throughout the state. Fial statewide ad regioal map products ad supportig broadbad availability statistics were developed ad preseted to the CBTF to author the fial report. Robert Haso, Seior Vice Presidet, of Baker Geospatial Iformatio Techology observes, Ultimately, broadbad techology reveals itself as aother segmet of critical ifrastructure. Its advet ca be put ito perspective by tracig civilizatio s migratio from huddlig aroud sources of water, creatig footpaths betwee these sources that tied commuities together. These advacemets led to boats, carts, rail, ad evetually to electrificatio of ot oly surface ad air trasportatio, but of commuicatios. Broadbad has become a essetial ifrastructure to ecoomic developmet. HIGH-SPEED DIRECTIONS After detailed aalysis of the broadbad map, coupled with idepedet research, CBTF determied that Califoria is better positioed tha most states o broadbad availability ad adoptio, yet lags behid key foreig competitors. Specifically, ad perhaps surprisigly to may CBTF members ad readers of the report, the map aalysis idicated that: 96% of Califoria resideces have access to broadbad. 1.4 millio mostly rural Califorias lack broadbad access at ay speed. Barely more tha half of Califorias use broadbad at Oly half of Califorias have access to broadbad at speeds greater tha 10 Mbps (icludig both upstream ad dowstream speeds). cotiued o page 9 6

8 BA A M A.ORG M I G R A T I N G TO NEW W E B - B A S E D GEO- T E C H N O L O G I E S FOR F O R E S T MO N I T O R I N G IN T H E BAY A R E A B Y M A G G I K E L L Y, J O H N CO N N O R S & SHU F E I LEI 7 We city-dwellers i the Sa Fracisco Bay Area are blessed with hillsides of gree space surroudig our urba commuities. May of these forests are facig a epidemic called Sudde Oak Death. Have you ever drive alog 101 i Mari ad Sooma Couties, or o 280 dow the Sa Fracisco peisula, or through the east bay parklad, ad wodered about the orage ad brow caopies of the oak ad taoak trees i Bay Area hills? You may have see this Sudde Oak Death (SOD), ad have wated to report it. You are ot aloe. A ew system for mappig allows you to help map SOD i the Bay Area by submittig your sitig olie! Sice the mid-1990s, SOD, caused by Phytophthora ramorum, has caused substatial death i taoak trees ad several oak tree species (coast live oak, Califoria black oak, Shreve oak, ad cayo live oak), as well as twig ad foliar diseases i umerous other plat species, icludig Califoria bay laurel, Douglas-fir, ad coast redwood. I Califoria, where SOD has bee evidet the logest, epidemic dieback of taoaks, coast live oaks, ad black oaks occurs i large patches alog the coast, presetig serious threats to the ecology, wildlife habitat, soil erosio properties, fire regime, ad the aesthetic value of thousads of hectares of forest (Rizzo et al. 2003). Although the first P. ramorum-ifested Califoria ursery stock was idetified i 2001 (i Sata Cruz Couty), the U.S. ursery idustry was ot widely impacted by the disease util 2003, whe the pathoge was detected i Califoria, Orego, Washigto, ad British Columbia urseries. Curretly it s regulated at couty, state, ad federal levels. The OakMapper webgis site, showig GIS database of disease distributio. The site allows customizable map productio, user iteractio with the database, ad public submissio of moitorig data. Public iterest i SOD remais high as it cotiues to spread ad impact more areas. Early i the ifestatio, iformatio from active members of the public was key i locatig ew areas of ifestatio across the state. The Califoria Oak Mortality Task Force, arborists, ad uiversity researchers were repeatedly cotacted with reports of ew areas of suspected ifestatios. I respose to this cocer from the public, we created a web site i 2001 where visitors could submit the locatios of trees that were potetially ifected. This site, OakMapper (www. oakmapper.org), has had thousads of visitors, who have submitted hudreds of poit locatios of trees suspected of havig the disease. I additio to this fuctioality, over time the first versio of the OakMapper served as a clearighouse for four SOD-related, spatial resources: 1) Google Maps, 2) Google Earth, 3) ESRI ArcIMS, ad 4) static maps. The OakMapper webgis applicatio is our comprehesive database ad cartographic portal, cotaiig all SOD data available for public viewig. However, all of these resources were depedet upo a project admiistrator to maually update their source data ad reload the cotet to the web site o a quarterly basis. I October 2008, we lauched the secod versio of our webgis, OakMapper 2.0, offerig a more dyamic, customizable, ad user-drive cartographic eviromet that is built o a combiatio of ope-source ad proprietary software. OakMapper 2.0 allows user-specific iteractios icludig scale-depedet zoomig, customized map creatio, hyperliked photography, ad queryig fuctios usig the spatial database PostGIS. Users ca report trees that might have the disease so that follow-up samplig ca take place. The developmet of web-based efforts cotiues to prove effective i commuicatig SOD iformatio to researchers, regulators, ad the geeral public by providig a readily available aveue for viewig, searchig, queryig, ad exportig data ad maps. The ultimate goal of OakMapper 2.0 is to empower stakeholders to participate i disease moitorig. To this ed, the applicatio is desiged with o-gis experts i mid. A olie form is used to gather reports of potetial SOD sightigs by allowig users to: 1. Select a host ad visible SOD symptoms (chose from pictures ad explaatios that aid i idetificatio),

9 BAY AREA AUTOM ATED M APPING ASSOCIATION Eter ad iformatio about their professioal backgroud, Submit the locatio of the tree (i.e., GPS coordiates, addresses, or locatio o map). The umerous submissios to date have demostrated the success of citize-geerated data i wideig the samplig effort for this disease. A SINGLE DATABASE OakMapper 2.0 itegrates the features of OakMapper 1.0 ito oe package ad the further exteds to other ew features. As ew ope-source tools became available, we were iterested i migratig to these more flexible solutios. The migratio process begis with cosolidatig disparate data storage formats ad sources, such as shapefile, MS Access, ad Excel, ito a sigle format ad data source, the ope-source database PostgresSQL, with the spatial extesio PostGIS. PostGIS, which is a opesource spatial database, allows us to perform spatial data query ad aalysis. (Curretly, OakMapper 2.0 is ot utilizig the full features of PostGIS; this is set for future developmet.) DYNAMIC DATA AND MAP GENERATION OakMapper 1.0 had four distict ad primary compoets: static maps, ESRI ArcIMS, Google Maps Applicatio Programmig Iterface (API), ad Google Earth KML/KMZ. The frot page of OakMapper 1.0 fuctioed as a portal web page for each of these four compoets. As a result, there was o avigatio ad iteractio betwee these four compoets withi the OakMapper 1.0 site. OakMapper 2.0 first itegrates these four compoets by providig a avigatio meu at the top. The avigatio system allows users to travel back ad forth amog these compoets easily ad provides a cosistet feel ad experiece throughout the site. OakMapper 2.0 also allows differet compoets to iteract with oe aother. For example, the static maps ca be selected for dowload usig the Google Maps API dowload tool. Also, whe you submit a poit to the system via the Google Maps API, the Google Earth KML data file will be automatically updated. GEOGRAPHIC SUBMISSION OakMapper 2.0 allows ay user to come to the system ad submit ew fidigs of Sudde Oak Death to the database. A user-cetered desig philosophy was implemeted to achieve ease of use for ed users. Whe reportig a suspected case of SOD, users simply 1) draw a poit or polygo o the Google Map, ad 2) eter relevat iformatio, such as descriptios ad pictures about the ew fidig of SOD. This easy-to-use system is built to ecourage commuity participatio i recordig more SOD occurreces, so that spread ca be tracked more efficietly. Ad give that users submissios are ope to the geeral public, the public ca be alerted about the ew occurreces of SOD. The most recet SOD submissios will be displayed o the homepage, so that users ca view the most recet activity o the site. The iteractio betwee these features is eabled by their shared database. USER REGISTRATION AND COMMENTS OakMapper 2.0 allows users to register ito the system so that they ca keep track of their SOD submissios. Give that users might wat to modify the descriptios or other iformatio of their SOD submissios, registered users are provided with tools to edit their submissios. Registered users ca also provide commets to SOD submissios. The commetig features of OakMapper 2.0 will facilitate more iformatio geeratio ad commuity buildig. Users ca commet o the severity of SOD submissios. Like the submissios of SOD, users ca keep track of ad edit their submitted commets i the My Accout sectio. CONFIRMATION To improve the system s resposiveess to users activities o the OakMapper 2.0 site, the system seds a cofirmatio to the users whe they register ad whe they submit a observatio of SOD. The cofirmatio will also cotai the most recet SOD submissios ad the most recet commets, which lik back to OakMapper 2.0 for further exploratio. Future ideas iclude improvig the fuctioality to eable sharig capability, i.e. to a SOD poit/polygo to a fried who lives ear the area. GEORSS SUBSCRIPTION RSS feed is a familiar tool i the Web 2.0 world. The GeoRSS stadard provides a way to itegrate RSS feeds with locatio iformatio. OakMapper 2.0 geerates GeoRSS feeds so that feed readers with spatial awareess ca take advatage of the RSS feed of SOD submissios. The stadard GeoRSS format allows the SOD data to be itegrated with other web-map mashup applicatios. DYNAMICALLY UPDATED WEBGIS OakMapper serves as a importat resource for researchers to access the most up-to-date maps of cofirmed cases of SOD. OakMapper 2.0 improves o our former model of providig PDFs for dowload ad distributig shapefiles via by allowig users to export maps to their preferred format. The applicatio is built o ESRI ArcGIS Server ad utilizes ArcSDE to referece the PostGIS spatial database to display the most up-todate data available. This ew structure esures that users have access to all cofirmed poits ad frees the site admiistrator from maually creatig dozes of static maps. WE NEED YOUR HELP! WHAT YOU CAN DO? The official map of Sudde Oak Death i Califoria shows oly a few hudred idividual trees with the disease. This is because of the time ad expese i officially cofirmig the presece of P. ramorum: the Califoria Departmet of Food ad Agriculture ad the Uiversity of Califoria perform this cofirmatio process o all samples collected statewide. This map of idividual trees does t show the complete extet of oak mortality statewide, ad we are iterested i gettig public help i mappig other pockets of oak mortality that are ot show o the official map. Not 8

10 BA A M A.ORG WEB - BASED FOREST MONITORING CONTINUED 9 all of these areas ca or will be officially cofirmed to have the disease, but we are iterested i further defiig where oak mortality exists, with your help. For example, there are may clusters of oak mortality i the East Bay Regioal Parks that have ot yet bee mapped (see image at right). OakMapper 2.0 ca help. We d like you to use this tool to map areas where you see pockets of oak mortality that might be coected to Sudde Oak Death. We hope this model of data acquisitio, storage, aalysis, ad dissemiatio will be more widely used i forest health maagemet i particular ad atural resource maagemet i geeral. We would happily etertai commuicatios with others developig or who have developed similar comprehesive geospatial iformatics programs for atural resource problem solvig. REFERENCES Rizzo, D.M. ad Garbelotto, M., Sudde oak death: edagerig Califoria ad Orego forest ABOUT THE AUTHORS Maggi Kelly is a professor i the Departmet of Evirometal Scieces, Policy ad Maagemet (ESPM), Uiversity of Califoria, Berkeley. Joh Coors is a Staff Researcher i the ESPM Departmet. Shufei Lei is a PhD Studet i the ESPM Departmet. BROADBAND TASK FORCE cotiued from page 6 Broadbad ifrastructure is deployed uevely throughout the state, from state-of the-art to oexistet. The CBTF mappig iitiative, alog with additioal supportig studies ad literature, further idicate that the state should focus o three primary cosumer areas: rural ad remote areas ot served at all by the ifrastructure; disadvataged urba eighborhoods where the ifrastructure may exist but residets are ot able to use, afford or access the techology; ad idividuals with disabilities. High resolutio imagery of a area with the disease; the orage ad brow dead crows appear throughout the healthy forest. With this i mid, the CBTF set forth strategies to address each of these areas of cocer. Thus far, at the directio of the Task Force, the CETF has committed about oe-third of its iitial ivestmet capital of $60 millio ad has made ivestmets i rural demad aggregatio, ivestmets i applicatios i urba areas ad partered with the orgaizatios that serve ad represet people with disabilities. CETF s McPeak cofirms, We are parterig with other orgaizatios, pricipally the Childre s Partership, to look at gettig computers ito the hads ad homes of all middle school studets i Califoria of low icome, i low performig schools, so that whole geeratios of users do ot get left behid. CONTINUING ADVOCACY While the CBTF has completed its missio to assess statewide broadbad availability, adoptio ad access, the members remai active advocates i the process, helpig geerate support for broadbad iitiative. Goveror Schwarzeegger recetly aouced a $22 millio grat award to the Califoria Telehealth Network by the Federal Commuicatios Commissio. Telehealth is a health care services iitiative desiged to brig health care advice ad tips to patiets ad families through televisio. The Califoria Public Utilities Commissio (CPUC) allocated $100 millio over two years to the ew Califoria Advaced Services Fud (CASF), which will provide icetives to compaies to brig broadbad service to u-served ad uderserved areas of Califoria, may of which are rural, remote, or socioecoomically disadvataged commuities. The Fial Report of the Broadbad Task Force, icludig maps, was released i Jauary 2008 ad is available o the CBTF website: ABOUT THE AUTHOR Malcolm Adkis is Director of Baker s Geospatial Iformatio Techology (GIT) service area, ad the curret BAAMA Presidet.

11 BAY AREA AUTOM ATED M APPING ASSOCIATION IMMERSIVE 3D SIMUL ATOR- BASED GIS CONTINUED server ad cliet software, provides real-time physics simulatio ad a secure eviromet with a real ecoomy i the virtual world i support of both collaboratio ad iovatio. Pricig is geared towards users who might ope a virtual office, retail store, or ightclub; but is ot feasible for the 1:1 scale simulatio of etire cities. Still, three factors alig to make Lide Lab techology very relevat to GIS use: LibSecodLife, the release by Lide Lab of the Secod Life cliet as ope source, ad the foudig of the OpeSimulator project. I mid-2006, a group of developers egieered a imitatio of the protocol by which Secod Life cliets commuicate with Secod Life servers, resultig i a programmer s library of compoets called LibSecodLife. I Jauary 2007, Lide Lab opeed the source for the Secod Life cliet. Soo afterward, developers created protocol-compatible imitatios of Secod Life server fuctioality, which is what the OpeSimulator (OpeSim) project has doe sice early Sice early 2008, Lide Lab has bee draftig the Secod Life Ope Grid Protocol to support iteroperability betwee the commercial Secod Life Grid ad exteral grids icludig those built with OpeSim. I August ad September 2008, Lide Lab tested a versio of the Secod Life cliet that supports Secod Life Ope Grid Protocol (SLOGP) ad allows agets logged i to oe grid to teleport amog heterogeeous SLOGP-eabled grids. That bit of history might be summed up as OpeSim is growig ito server techology that will likely be the first to support simulatio of etire cities withi city budgets, ad SLOGP-compatible grids demostrate that OpeSim-based civic Mirror Worlds might oe day iteroperate. THREE THINGS TO DO WITH YOUR OWN VIRTUAL WORLD With cotrol of your ow MUVE system, the GIS experiece differs from a bumpy globe. Rather tha viewig GIS data from your ow first-perso perspective as o a globe, it becomes possible to experiece much of that same GIS data i a immersive third-perso perspective, where you ca see your aget experiecig the data through a 3D perspective projectio of your choosig. You ca also see your aget together with agets of others who are visitig the same place i the eviromet at the same momet. Each user is represeted by their ow aget with freedom to move to a chose positio ad each user also chooses their ow viewig perspective idepedet of their aget s positio. This is immersio, a key sese of what distiguishes a Immersive 3D eviromet from a 2-1/2D bumpy globe. I other words, you could go ito your map ad walk aroud there with other people who had also goe ito the map with you. At a miimum you would be able to istat-message oe aother. I some cases you also have a voice-over-ip audio coectio to augmet your shared logi to this shared virtual eviromet that may be defied by GIS data. Do t igore this: a MUVE ca be a lot more fu for all ivolved tha lookig at a globe whe someoe else is drivig the viewer, ad i the log ru, fu matters because it ca produce better collaboratio. With that backgroud, there are three categories of MUVE publishig of GIS data that I d like to summarize for your cosideratio. For a Level 1 build, oe must have gridded terrai data (a.k.a. digital elevatio model or DEM) ad a ability to resample data so that it ca be loaded ito the simulator where it will be iterpreted as 1-meter postigs. Moderate familiarity with ad access to ERDAS Imagie would allow oe to avoid ay custom programmig; larger regios would beefit from ERDAS scriptig. For a simulator machie ruig OpeSim, some have used Visual 10

12 BA A M A.ORG IMMERSIVE 3D SIMUL ATOR- BASED GIS CONTINUED 11 Studio 2005 Express C# (C-sharp) editio o Widows, particularly for testig. Dedicated OpeSim machies ad most larger grids use Liux to elimiate operatig system licesig cost. With moderate Liux experiece available, a Ubutu 8.04 (Log-term-service) OS ca be istalled ad cofigured with OpeSim i Level 1: Berkeley Maria ad Aquatic Park 1:4 scale OpeSim ( ) Level 1: Hayward Fault Near Memorial Stadium 1:4 scale OpeSim ( ) Level 1: Mt. Tamalpais ad Phoeix Lake 1:4 scale OpeSim ( ) Level 1: UCB Campus 1:25 i Secod Life Agi grid ( ) about oe hour. This creates a walkable GIS-based terrai. For a Level 2 build, both orthoimagery ad a LiDAR poit cloud were available i additio to the gridded terrai. A ucommo (to GIS) image data type--a bumpmap--was geerated usig ERDAS Imagie scriptig ad Adobe Photoshop batch coversio. Bumpmaps are extremely versatile ad well-hadled i Autodesk Maya; for GIS applicatios a very specific subclass of bumpmaps, a regularly gridded mesh, was used. To simulate a etire city, it would be worth some custom programmig to geerate the features that fill the simulatio. This creates a full-scale placeholder for a Mirror World, where buildig ad tree mass are accurately positioed ad height-scaled, real lies of sight work, but imagery is far better o rooftop ad groud surface tha alog the sides of the structures. Usig ERDAS scriptig, some 10 hours to 15 hours per realworld square kilometer was expeded i proof-of-cocept. For a Level 3 build, effort focused o a photorealistic true-scale model of buildig exterior ad iterior, where solid geometry objects have real-world image textures o their surfaces. Scalig up this proof-of-cocept to larger extet requires a balace of available buildig models with the desired simulator publishig techology. At this time, it appears that COLLADA will be the stadard format through which 3D desigs ca be aggregated ito a Mirror World, whether the source model is from Autodesk Maya, Google SketchUp, Bleder, or others. Buildig exteriors might be compiled at a civic scale with techologies such as Earthmie.com, that provide both a georefereced 3D mesh ad buildig face texture images from street level. Buildig iteriors will require floor plas at a miimum, ad access to the iterior to obtai accurate texture images. All iteral ad exterior data must be scaled ad itegrated i a uified georefereced model. A Mirror World this realistic would be istatly recogizable to those who kow the real-world site, ad would thus be capable of replacig may maps ad some field visits. With o buildig models to import, ad by creatig cotet at real-world scale usig the Secod Life cliet built-i tools, about 500 hours per real-world square kilometer of a busiess district were expeded i proof-of-cocept. Level 2: Lookig west towards the BART Statio, Berkeley 1:1 OpeSim ( ) Level 2: Lookig orth towards Memorial Stadium, UCB Campus 1:1 OpeSim ( ) Level 2: Piedmot Ave ad I-House, UCB Campus 1:1 OpeSim ( ) Level 2: Berkeley s Marti Luther Kig Jr. Civic Ceter buildig ad park. 1:1 OpeSim ( )

13 BAY AREA AUTOM ATED M APPING ASSOCIATION Level 1, plai terrai at aroud 1:10 scale, is the cheapest ad easiest startig poit for immersive 3D modelig of most sites i the cotietal US, as terrai is freely available at 10-meter postigs from ad is ot too difficult to get ito a MUVE. Screeshot examples show real-world terrai put ito a MUVE at betwee 1:25 ad 1:4 scale, depedig o the area of iterest ad the area available for publishig the terrai i a MUVE. For a bit more realism, some horizotal surfaces have bee placed i these terrais, either to display orthoimagery as a graphic texture o the 3D object, or as a ambiet water surface. ca be visited by ay residet of Secod Life i the regio amed Gualala. To save mothly costs by a factor of 1/9, the vector object costructio or build was created at 1/3 scale. The purpose of the proof-of-cocept was to show what level of realism might be achieved usig Secod Life Grid techology for a Mirror World applicatio. Level 3: Berkeley BART 1:3 Secod Life ( ) Level 3: Shattuck Ave, Costitutio Square 1:3 Secod Life ( ) Level 3: Shattuck Ave, lookig orth from east side,1:3 Secod Life ( ) Level 3: Berkeley BART statio view lookig south, 1:3 Secod Life ( Level 2, a raster model of a urbaized area at 1:1 scale, is a 3D techique for creatig a quick model of a life-sized Mirror World-type Paraverse. A orthophoto is simply draped over first-retur LiDAR data that has bee tesselated the gridded to create a roof-ad-trees surface. Represetig these data i a MUVE ivolved some techical developmet ad a iterestig graphic object type defied usig a bump-map. This approach is ot too satisfyig at first glace. Its trees have bee described as meltig ad orthoimagery of roof features ofte dribble dow the sides of buildigs. But the base iformatio is quite strog, ad the buildig positios ad scales, alog with the caopy ad mass of trees are precisely redered. This is a preferred approach for a first build-out of a Mirror World, as the effort is moderate ad the result is a very complete iitial volume for every buildig ad large tree. As more detailed 3D models (see ext sectio) are built ad made available, the LiDAR raster ca be flatteed out ad replaced with more precise vector models of specific buildigs. Level 3, a full-stop detailed model of buildig exteriors, iteriors, ad subsurface spaces, ulike the quick ad droopy but very complete raster model techique, this is a vector model where cotet is either imported from a existig 3D desig or had-crafted from the graphic primitives available i the Secod Life Grid techology. As above, represetig these data i the MUVE ivolved some techical developmet ad iterestig graphic object types, as well as a lot of site visits to capture good-quality imagery for textures. The proof-of-cocept show i the images was built o the Secod Life mai grid, amed Agi, ad The practical applicatio of this vector build would be to replace the raster model above at selected locatios as more detailed plas or 3D models became available. Of course, the itetio would be to do this work i OpeSim at 1:1 scale, where the beefits of full-size costructio ca be ejoyed with very little margial cost for the full-size space required i the virtual world simulator. SO WHAT DOES IT TAKE? For those GIS practitioers who have become coversat with ope source optios for doig GIS work, the threshold for stadig up a OpeSim MUVE is exceedigly low. For a Ubutu Liux user, the steps eeded for stadig up a sigle 256-meter square OpeSim regio with default terrai (a appealigly hemispherical islad) take just a half-doze commad lies ad might be completed i 15 miutes. For those who are most comfortable with MS Widows, or who wish to explore just a 256-meter square regio or two, OpeSim has bee writte so that it ca be compiled usig the free Visual C# 2005 Express Editio, ad there is a solutio file to automate the build. If ewer hardware is available, doig everythig i a 64-bit Ubutu eviromet ivolves about te steps ad might take a hour, but the be suitable for 40 or more regios (2-1/2 square kilometers) o a sigle server. The extra effort ivolves local 64-bit optimized builds of Moo (ope source.net developmet framework for multiple platforms), Ope Dyamics Egie (a OpeSim alterative to the HAVOK physics egie used i Secod Life), ad the MySQL relatioal database (a optio for resource storage available to OpeSim). 12

14 BA A M A.ORG IMMERSIVE 3D SIMUL ATOR- BASED GIS CONTINUED Gettig the GIS data ito a available OpeSim for a Level 1 build ca be doe with Leica Geosystems ERDAS Imagie, where DEM values are resampled to a 1- meter postig iterval at the chose simulator scale. For example, a 1:4 model has sigle-precisio floatig-poit terrai values o a 4-meter postig iterval that are loaded ito the simulator as 1-meter data. Takig LiDAR ad orthoimagery ito OpeSim for a Level 2 build ca be doe with ERDAS used to process the Z-values for bumpmaps, ad a simple spreadsheet with formulas ca be used to create the X- ad Y-values. ERDAS ca stack the x, y, ad z layers. Adobe Photoshop is oe optio for exportig the resultig bumpmap ito TARGA image file format for loadig ito a OpeSim sculpted mesh object. Creatig a large complex build usig oly the Secod Life cliet program s built-i tools is a chore that requires patiece. Import scripts ca speed the process if a 3D scaled model exists already, although ofte the import process is iefficiet versus a had-desiged equivalet. Because MUVE techology may be streamig the 3D solid geometry objects to the cliet, the efficiecy of the import process matters both for server storage resources ad for the resposiveess of the user experiece. May olie free traiig videos are available to explai how to build Secod Life cotet. WHERE CAN I VISIT THIS STUFF? The Level 3 pilot project is a 1:3 scale miiature model of the Berkeley BART statio amed Berkurodam that has existed o public-facig Secod Life servers sice early 2007, so that ayoe with a broadbad etwork coectio ad a GIS workstatio with 3D graphics card ad meets these specs: Secod Life cliet hardware requiremets, com/support/sysreqs.php You ca dowload the most recet Secod Life cliet for Widows, Mac OS, or Liux from dowloads.php. The istall the program ad create a free Secod Life Residet accout, which has a first ad last ame. I hope to visit with you i-world, soo! ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Thaks to the editorial crew at BAAMA Joural for may helpful commets. The LiDAR data used i the Secod type case study were collected for Couty of Alameda ad provided through the help of Michael Muk i Commuity Developmet Agecy ad Rohi Saleh i Public Works Agecy. LiDAR data suitability was assessed with help from the UC Berkeley Geospatial Iovatio Facility, i particular Prof. Maggi Kelly ad researcher Marek Jakubowski. cotiued o page 16 13

15 BAY AREA AUTOM ATED M APPING ASSOCIATION E X T E N D YO U R GE O S P A T I A L KNOW L E D G E : BECOME A BA A M A MEMBER OR VOLUNTEER TODAY! INDIVIDUAL MEMBERSHIP BENEFITS ($25 ANNUAL FEE) Free admissio to bi-mothly educatioal meetigs Free admissio to Techical Tours BAAMA Joural subscriptio via aoucemets & remiders for Bay Area GIS activities BAAMA SPONSOR BENEFITS ($150 ANNUAL FEE) Up to 10 idividuals from the orgaizatio receive all idividual membership beefits listed above Listig as sposor o BAAMA web site ad i the BAAMA Joural Lik to orgaizatio web site from BAAMA web site Oce/year opportuity to sed a iformatioal or advertisig aoucemet to all BAAMA members Opportuities to coduct Techical Tours Dowload a applicatio form from INTERESTED IN VOLUNTEERING? Are you already a BAAMA member who d like to get a little more ivolved? BAAMA welcomes members to take voluteer roles i the orgaizatio s activities! There are may reasos to be a BAAMA voluteer. First, you ca lear somethig ew. Perhaps you ve ever writte a joual article before, but would like the chace to do so ad to see your ame i prit. Now is the time to voluteer with the BAAMA Joural! Secod, voluteerig for BAAMA will icrease your professioal toolbox ad ehace your resume. Add somethig to your repertoire that you might ot ormally do at your job! Third, if you voluteer, you will get to better kow your fellow BAAMA members ad board members. Who kows? Your ext busiess partership, project, or job might be the result of BAAMA etworkig! There are several differet BAAMA tasks that eed voluteers, icludig our bimothly educatioal sessios, our semiaual joural, ad our commuicatio ad outreach via ad the web. Voluteer for a educatioal sessio! We are always lookig for people to give a presetatio, or help to fid preseters for a bi-mothly educatioal sessio. See page 19 for a list of upcomig educatioal sessios! The BAAMA Joural, our semi-aual publicatio, eeds writers, editors, ad desigers for the ext issue! Write a article, or iterview someoe for a article! Or edit a article someoe else has writte! Help fid advertisers for the Joural! Assist with our BAAMA commuicatios! Curretly, our woderful ad taleted voluteers iclude Michael Locote as our maager, Pascal Akl as our webmaster, Justi Aderso as our database admiistrator, ad Christie Bush as our podcaster. These folks eed backups for those busier times! All BAAMA members are welcome to atted board meetigs. As a board meetig attedee ad BAAMA voluteer, you will become a member of BAAMA s Advisory Board. After cosistetly attedig several board meetigs ad voluteerig some time (e.g. helpig with a educatioal sessio, writig a Joural article, etc.), you ca become a full Board Member, if you wish! As a Board Member, you ca ifluece the directios ad iitiatives of BAAMA, easily etwork with umerous BAAMA members, ad have a lot of fu doig it. If you would like to get ivolved, please cotact a BAAMA board member see our cotact iformatio at ANNOUNCING THE 2009 BA AMA EDUCATION AWARD! BAAMA is proud to aouce their 2009 Educatio Award! The BAAMA Educatio Award is desiged to support ad ecourage higher educatio studets who use GIS techology, both as a major field of study or as a specialized tool to support other degree or certificate goals. We are proud to offer the followig awards: 1st Prize of $2,500 2d Prize of $1,500 3rd Prize of $1,000 There are four competitio categories: WEB APPLICATION Websites for all competitio etries must be active through April POSTER Poster that tells a geographic story ad summarizes a work or project. MAP Map that tells a geographic story ad summarizes a work or project. OTHER GIS-related busiess applicatio. Deadlie: February 13th, 2009 Wiers will be aouced i the Sprig 2009 issue of the BAAMA Joural ad at CalGIS 2009! Applicatio ad eligibility iformatio are available at www. BAAMA.org. 14

16 BA A M A.ORG G I S E D U C A T I O N A R O U N D T H E BAY AREA: S AN F R A N C I S C O ST A T E UN I V E R S I T Y A N D T H E IN S T I T U T E FOR GE O G R A P H I C I N F O R M A T I O N SC I E N C E B Y JE R R Y DA V I S, BA R R Y NICK EL & A N N E M CT A V I S H 15 Have you ever bee hikig, backpackig, or moutai bikig i the may parks, forests, ad wilderess areas of Califoria? The perhaps you have used a Tom Harriso Map, a well-kow SFSU Geography alumus who produces popular full-color, shaded-relief topographic maps of sigificat atural areas i Califoria. Have you ever looked over a official Sa Fracisco Street & Trasit Map at a MUNI bus stop shelter or trai statio? The you might thak Cartographics, a cartographic productio firm also started by a SFSU Geography alumus. Sa Fracisco State Uiversity (SFSU) has a log history i the cartographic idustry, teachig cartography sice the 1920s, ad geographic iformatio sciece, teachig remote sesig sice the 1960s ad GIS sice the 1980s. Sice the earliest days of the uiversity, SFSU faculty, staff, ad studets have stayed o the forefrot of the ifluetial Bay Area cartographic ad geospatial idustry. ACADEMIC DEGREE PROGRAMS AND TRAINING Each year the Departmet of Geography ad Huma Evirometal Studies (http://bss.sfsu.edu/geog/) at SFSU cotributes skilled graduates to a growig geospatial workforce through Bachelor s ad Master s degrees i Geography. Studets ca focus i GISciece with classes such as Geographic Techiques, Itroductio to Geographic Iformatio Aalysis, Cartography, Remote Sesig, Geographic Iformatio Systems (Advaced), ad GIS for Evirometal Aalysis. Other courses, such as Field Methods i Physical Geography ad Watershed Assessmet ad Restoratio itegrate field data collectio ad mappig. These courses serve studets i may academic programs, icludig Biology, Evirometal Studies, Geology, Busiess, ad Urba Studies. Respodig to demad from studets ad academics, the departmet is curretly proposig a Master of Sciece i Geographic Iformatio Sciece. Geography alumi from SFSU curretly serve as GIS, cartography ad remote sesig specialists i may private firms ad local, regioal, state ad federal agecies. SFSU alumi hold importat positios i govermet agecies, icludig the U.S. Bureau of Reclamatio, Califoria Departmet of Fish ad Game, Caltras, Califoria Departmet of Forestry, the Sa Fracisco Bay Regioal Water Quality Cotrol Board, the Sa Fracisco Plaig Departmet ad SF Departmet of Public Works. SFSU alumi ad iters ca also be foud at NGOs ad private firms such as Sa Fracisco Estuary Istitute ad PG&E. Classes provided these studets with real-world skills they could use after graduatio; iterships helped them lauch their careers. As commuity colleges are movig ito GIS, SFSU s alumi are also providig leadership, teachig GIS classes from Shasta College, to America River College, to City College of Sa Fracisco ad College of Mari. Respodig to the eeds of the uiversity ad workig professioals outside degree programs, the Istitute for Geographic Iformatio Sciece (IGISc) was started i 1988 as the ceter of geospatial activity at SFSU. The IGISc works at the itersectio of the social, atural, ad iformatio scieces, ad is actively egaged i research programs with public ad private agecies, o-profit orgaizatios, academic istitutios, ad idividuals. IGISc also maitais site liceses ad support for geospatial software across the etire CSU system, facilitates geospatial data access, ad offers a established traiig program icludig workshops, symposia, specialized cotract traiigs ad a Professioal Developmet Certificate program i GISciece. Established i 1994, the Professioal Developmet Certificate program provides studets with broad exposure to geospatial techiques, techology, ad aalysis. Classes are coducted as twoday itesive courses taught ad developed by geospatial experts, all of whom have cosiderable practical experiece i the field. Studets completig the program are well-versed i GISciece theory ad its practical applicatio, with skills reflectig those eeded by GIS professioals. The program s rich array of 20 course offerigs (see edu/cert/courses.htm) icludes core ad elective classes. RESEARCH AGENDAS AND SPECIALIZATIONS Through the may uiversity ceters, istitutes ad special programs at SF State, faculty, staff ad studets cotiue to focus o applyig state-of-the-art iformatio techology to pressig iterdiscipliary data, iformatio, ad research. GISciece at SFSU ca be foud across may departmets at its mai campus ear Lake Merced, at the SFSU Dowtow Ceter, at the Public Research Istitute, at the Cesar Chavez Istitute, at the Istitute for Aalytic Jouralism, at the Romberg Tiburo Ceter for Evirometal Studies, ad eve at the Sierra Nevada Field Campus (www.sfsu.edu/~sierra/)

17 BAY AREA AUTOM ATED M APPING ASSOCIATION ear Sierra Buttes where studets itegrate field studies of meadow hydrology ad ecology with digital maps ad datasets. Cooperative agecies where faculty ad studets pursue applied GIS research projects iclude Califoria Academy of Scieces, Sa Fracisco Estuary Istitute, the Sa Fracisco Zoo, ad others. Applied GISciece research at SFSU is diverse, icludig a broad rage of social, atural ad physical scieces, as well as applicatios extedig ito the humaities ad media studies. Uiversity faculty, staff ad studets are actively egaged i GISciece research focused o ecological coservatio modelig, spatial data model developmet for zoos ad botaical gardes, evirometal aalysis, fielditegrated geomorphic surface modelig, remote sesig models of fireladslide likages, geotectoic studies of historic ad recet fault movemet, micrometeorological ladscape aalysis, urba populatio modelig from satellite imagery, spatial aalysis of health statistics, public participatio GIS, urba plaig applicatios, wetlads mappig, physical oceaography ad decisio support through Logic Scorig of Prefereces. These research programs are aided by expertise i specialized ad advaced GISciece methods, may of which are focused o itegratio of field data ad advaced modelig. Particular expertise areas iclude spatially-eabled web service ad applicatio developmet, custom desktop applicatio ad tool developmet, spatial database desig ad modelig, cartographic desig ad map productio, scietific visualizatio, LiDAR ad terrai modelig, CAD itegratio, statistical itegratio with GIS, photogrammetry, object-orieted image aalysis ad GPS/field survey data itegratio. For more iformatio about the IGISc ad SFSU s GISciece activities, please cotact Jerry Davis, Director IGISc at 415/ , or Barry Nickel, Associate Director, 415/ IMMERSIVE 3D SIMULATOR-BASED GIS cotiued from page 13 ABOUT THE AUTHOR Bria B. Qui, Ph.D. is the GIS Coordiator for City of Berkeley, where he has worked sice He blogs o the use of Virtual World simulators for GIS ad posts related videos o YouTube as Darb Dabey, moiker of his Secod Life avatar, who first rezzed i October simgis.com. 16

18 BA A M A.ORG W I N N E R O F LA S T I S S U E S W H E R E IN T H E BAY AREA? C O N T E S T How did you do o our last Where i the Bay Area? Usig his clever detective skills, Bill Clemet, GISP, with the Cetral Cotra Costa Saitary District, recogized the last image as beig a aerial view of Forever Ferwood Cemetery i Mari Couty. Cogratulatios Bill! He also praised our article i the last issue about Forever Ferwood, ad how they are usig high-resolutio GPS equipmet ad a GIS system to maage their gree burial cemetery. You ca read the article ad see all past issues o our website at We also ecourage you to visit Forever Ferwood it s a beautiful ope-space area, ad a woderful place for a afteroo stroll. 17

19 BAY AREA AUTOM ATED M APPING ASSOCIATION UPCOMING BA AMA E VENTS As you ca see, we are already plaig our 2009 educatioal sessios ad etworkig evets! If you have ideas for evets, or would like to suggest a speaker or help pla a sessio, come to a board meetig or cotact a board member! Mark your caledars to save the dates! See for up-to-date details. A N O T E F R O M T H E E D I T O R S NOVEMBER 19, 2008 GIS DAY Locatio: UC Berkeley (Mulford ad Morga Halls) Located o campus ear the West Circle, two blocks from Dowtow Berkeley BART. DECEMBER 11, 2008 BAAMA HOLIDAY PARTY Locatio: Beckett s Irish Pub, Berkeley, CA All BAAMA members ad their guests are ivited! (Members get two free drik tickets.) JANUARY 2008 EXACT DATE: TBD BAAMA Board Meetig Locatio: TBD Members welcome! RSVP to Malcolm at JANUARY 21, 2008 EDUCATIONAL SESSION: 3D GEOSPATIAL TOOLS Locatio: Metropolita Trasportatio Commissio Oaklad, CA MARCH 2008 EXACT DATE: TBD BAAMA BOARD MEETING Locatio: TBD Members welcome! RSVP to Malcolm at mbakercorp.com MARCH 26, 2008 EDUCATIONAL SESSION: FIELD/MOBILE MAPPING INCLUDING GPS Locatio: Metropolita Trasportatio Commissio Oaklad, CA APRIL 6-9, 2009 CALGIS 2009 Sacrameto, CA Early-bird registratio ow ope at MAY 2008 EXACT DATE: TBD BAAMA BOARD MEETING Locatio: TBD Members welcome! RSVP to Malcolm at mbakercorp.com MAY 28, 2008 EDUCATIONAL SESSION: SERVER GIS Locatio: Metropolita Trasportatio Commissio Oaklad, CA JULY 2008 EXACT DATE: TBD BAAMA BOARD MEETING Locatio: TBD Members welcome! RSVP to JULY 23, 2008 EDUCATIONAL SESSION: DISASTER PLANNING AND RESPONSE Locatio: Metropolita Trasportatio Commissio Oaklad, CA SEPTEMBER 2008 EXACT DATE: TBD BAAMA BOARD MEETING Locatio: TBD Members welcome! RSVP to SEPTEMBER 24, 2008 EDUCATIONAL SESSION: REAL ESTATE Locatio: Metropolita Trasportatio Commissio Oaklad, CA KARIN TUXEN-BETTMAN STELLA WOTHERSPOON After four issues of the BAAMA Joural, we are very pleased with the progress the BAAMA Joural has made. We are happy to aouce that we have ow greased the wheels eough to had over may of the Joural productio tasks to iterested voluteers. It is ow easy for you to take owership of a article either to iterview someoe, write a article, or edit a article writte by aother author. Or, if you prefer, you ca write oe or more short features, like our fu Where i the Bay Area? piece. We have had several cosistet advertisers, icludig Autodesk, Ideate, HJW Geospatial, ad MariMap, ad several others who have supports us i past issue icludig EarthData Fugro, GIS Academy, ad Policy Iovatio Works. We are very grateful for their support, which allows us to get each issue prited ad distributed at our two aual evets, CalGIS ad GIS Day. If you would like to work with advertisers for our ext issue commuicate with them about the process ad collect their artwork, let us kow! Please cotact us at if you are iterested i doig helpig out for the ext issue, due out at CalGIS i April. Thak you, ad ejoy the Joural! Your mighty editors, Kari & Stella 18

20 W H E R E I N T H E B AY A R E A? It s amazig what you ca see with today s high-resolutio aerial photography ad satellite imagery. There are places i the Bay Area that most of us may ever get to see uless we see them from a eye i the sky! Oe example is the area pictured here. Ca you guess what (ad where) it is? Aerial photography like this also allows us to see earby urba, lad, ad water features, so we ca take commuities ad the eviromet ito accout whe we make decisios ad pla for the future. Idetify this locatio ad wi a prize! Sed your aswers to Oe lucky wier will be radomly selected from all correct etries received by April 1st, The wier will be aouced i the ext issue, due out at CalGIS B A A M A E X T E N D S SP E C I A L AP P R E C I A T I O N TO ITS CO R P O R A T E SP O N S O R S AC Trasit (www.actrasit.org) Aerial Archives (www.aerialarchives.com) Autodesk, Ic. (usa.autodesk.com) Bay Area Air Quality Maagemet District (www.baaqmd.gov) Califoria Water Service Co. (www.calwater.com) Cetral Cotra Costa Saitary District (www.cetralsa.org) City College of Sa Fracisco (www.ccsfgis.org) City of Oaklad (www.oakladet.com) City of Palo Alto (www.city.palo-alto.ca.us) City of Pleasato (www.ci.pleasato.ca.us) City of Sa Jose, Plaig (www.sajoseca.gov/plaig) City of Stockto (www.stocktogov.com) City of Walut Creek (www.ci.walut-creek.ca.us) Couty of Alameda, Public Works Agecy (www.acgov.org/pwa) Couty of Mari, Commuity Developmet Dept (www.co.mari.ca.us) Couty of Sata Clara, ISD (www.sccgov.org) Couty of Sata Clara, Plaig Office (www.sccgov.orgportalsiteplaig) East Bay Regioal Park District (www.ebparks.org) EBMUD (www.ebmud.com) Ellis Geospatial (www.ellis-geospatial.com) EOA, Ic. (www.eoaic.com) ESRI (www.esri.com) Farallo Geographics, Ic. (www.fargeo.com) Geodesy (geodesy.et) GIS Academy (www.gisacademy.et) GIS Cosultats (joffes.com/gis) GreeIfo Network (www.greeifo.org) Ideate, Ic. (www.ideateic.com) Lohes & Wright (www.loheswright.com) Mari Muicipal Water District (www.mariwater.org) Metropolis New Media, Ic. (www.metropolisewmedia.com) Michael Baker Jr., Ic. (www.mbakercorp.com) Microdesk (www.microdesk.com) MoosePoit Techology (www.moosepoit.com) Musys, Ic. (www.musys.com) PSOMAS (www.psomas.com) Sa Jose Water Compay (www.sjwater.com) Sa Jose Iteratioal Airport (www.sjc.org) Sa Ramo Valley Fire Protectio District (www.srvfpd.dst.ca.us) Sata Clara Valley Water District (www.valleywater.org) Stame Desig (stame.com) Vallejo Saitatio & Flood Cotrol ValueCAD (www.valuecad.com) WRA (www.wra-ca.com)

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