Why Geography Matters

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1 Why Geography Matters

2 Vocabulary words geography relative location absolute location physical feature human feature region modify adapt cause effect

3 geography: The study of the Earth s physical and human features.

4 Geography What the Earth looks like. How people react with the environment.

5 Relative location: Where a place is in relation to other places. Relative location is usually described by: 1. Direction (North, West, South, East) 2. Landmarks (Close to McDonalds, Opposite EAIS) 3. Distance to and from another place(3 kilometers from the mall)

6 Relative location The Nile River is in Egypt. Argentina is near Brazil. Nour s house is opposite Cairo Festival City. Alexandria is 179 kilometers from Cairo

7 absolute location: Exact location on Earth. You use latitude and longitude to find absolute location. Absolute location is the global address of a place.

8 Absolute location

9 physical feature: a feature that has been formed by nature. Examples; Landforms, bodies of water, plants, animals

10 Landforms Mountains Hills Cave Desert

11 Bodies of Water Oceans, Lakes, Rivers

12 Plants and Animals

13 human feature: Features that are built by humans.

14 Buildings

15 Roads

16 Farms

17 region: An area on Earth whose features make it different from other areas. The different features can be physical, human, economic, cultural or political.

18 modify: to make a change. People change the environment when they build roads, bridges, canals.

19 adapt: to change in order to make more useful.

20 cause: an event or an action that makes something happen.

21 effect: The result of an event or action.

22 Match the vocabulary word with the meaning To make a change. The exact location of a place on Earth. Landforms, plants and animals in a place. An action that makes something happen. The study of the Earth s physical and human features. Physical features Modify Geography Cause Absolute location

23 Why Geography Matters What is Geography? It is the study of the Earth and the people on it.

24 Who is a geographer? Geographers are people who study geography.

25 THEMES OF GEOGRAPHY Themes are topics that geographers use to study the Earth s features.

26 Themes of Geography There are FIVE (5) themes of geography. They are easily remembered as MR. HELP M: MOVEMENT R: REGION HE: HUMAN- ENVIRONMENT INTERACTIONS L: LOCATION P: PLACE

27 Themes of Geography

28 MOVEMENT MOVEMENT: It is how people, products and ideas move from place to place using transportation and communication.

29 Movement of people: Cars, Trucks, Trains and Planes. Movement of products: Cars, Trucks, Trains and Planes.

30 How can ideas and information be moved from place to place?

31 Ideas and information are moved using:. Computer ( , internet), mail, TV, radio and magazine.

32 MOVEMENT Movement helps us understand: 1. How we connect and depend on people in other parts of the world. 2. The causes and effects of movement.

33 MOVEMENT How are people and products moved from one place to another?

34 REGION Region: This is an area of land that has common features The common features can be: 1. physical 2. human 3. religious 4. cultural

35

36 HUMAN- ENVIRONMENT INTERACTIONS Human- Environment Interaction: This is how people depend on their environment.

37 People modify (change)their environment by building cities. They clear lands to build bridges and roads.

38 The environment can cause people to adapt or change to their surroundings. Example: Wearing warm clothes in winter.

39 LOCATION Location describes where something is on Earth. It answers the question where is it? There are two kinds of location

40 LOCATION Relative Location Absolute Location Location

41 1. What is the difference between relative and absolute location? 2. Give two examples of relative location? 3. What are two things used to describe absolute location?

42 PLACE This answers the question What is it like there? Every place on Earth has its own special quality. It can be Physical or Human

43 PLACE- PHYSICAL FEATURES 1. What are physical features? 2. Give three examples of physical features. 3. Are pyramids physical features?

44 PHYSICAL FEATURES

45 PLACE-HUMAN FEATURES 1. What are human features? 2. Give three examples of human features.

46 What are the 5 themes of Geography? MR HELP

47 Essential Elements of Geography The topics that Geographers use to understand the Earth and its people is called Essential Elements of Geography.

48 MAPS Geographers create maps to: 1. Organize and locate information about people and places. 2. Analyze information.

49 Why Culture and Society Matter Vocabulary Words culture society heritage

50 culture: A way of life that sets people apart from others.

51 CULTURE VIDEO

52 Food Religion Culture Language Art Sports Holidays

53 Society: An organized group of people living and working together under a set of rules and traditions.

54 Heritage: The elements of culture that have been passed down from one generation to another.

55 People s ideas, skills and arts People s way of doing things Studying culture and society Each society has a culture that is unique.

56 4. Give two things you learn when you study culture and society. 1. What are the things that make up a country s culture? 2. Can culture be passed down from one generation to another? 3. is an organized group of people living together under a set of rules and traditions.

57 Why Civics and Government Matter Vocabulary Words Government Civics Civic Participation

58 Government: A group of leaders and laws that help people live safely in their community, state, or country.

59 Civics: It is the study of the rights and duties citizens. Teaches you about; 1. Rights and responsibilities of a citizen. 2. How rights and responsibilities are different in every government.

60 Civic participation: Being concerned and being involved with issues relating to your community, state, country or the world.

61 VIDEO

62 Kinds of government Studying civics and government Rights and responsibilities of citizens How governments work today

63 1. What is civics? 2. Why is necessary to have a government? 3. Being involved with things in your community, state or world is. 4. What do you learn when you study civics and government?

64 Why Economics Matter Vocabulary Words 1. Economy 2. Economics

65 Economy: The way people use resources (money) to meet their needs.

66 Economics: The study of of how goods and services are distributed in the world.

67 How economics systems came to be Studying economics How goods and services are produced and distributed How economic systems have changed

68 1. is how people use money to meet their needs. 2. is the study of the way goods and services are produced and distributed. 3. What do you learn when you study economy and economics?

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