Five Themes of Geography. By PresenterMed

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1 Five Themes of Geography By PresenterMed

2 Geography Geography: the study of the Earth Where are things located? Why are they there?

3 Location Location: where a place is Cardinal Directions: North, South, East, West Intermediate Directions: lie between cardinal directions; northeast

4 Latitude (parallels): distance north or south of the Equator Equator = 0 Longitude (meridians): distance east or west of the Prime Meridian Prime Meridian = 0 Location

5 Location Hemispheres: half the earth Equator divides Earth into northern and southern hemispheres N S Prime Meridian divides the Earth into eastern and western hemispheres North Pole = 90 N South Pole = 90 S E W

6 Location Longitude Lines + Latitude Lines = Global Grid Latitude Longitude

7 Global Grid Map

8 Alpha-numeric Grid

9 Location Absolute Location: exact location Savannah, Georgia is located at 32 N, 81 W The White House is at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue Relative Location: location of a place relative to another place Tallahassee is about 400 miles northwest of Miami Get to the Mini Mart, head ¼ mile west, turn right at the lights

10 Regions Regions: groups that are defined by certain similar characteristics: population, history, climate, landforms, etc. Country: common national history City or country: common government School District: common school system Land can be divided into regions that share: Formal features Regions in western United States include the Rocky Mountains and Mojave Desert (landforms). -- Regions in Mexico include that specific city s population (Mexico City s population is 23,000,000 people and still increasing) Functional features ---newspaper service area, cell phone coverage area

11 Place Place: An area that is defined by everything in it. All places have features that give them personality and distinguish them from other places at a specific location (or spot) Human (characteristics) Features: Man-made Physical (characteristics) Features: Nature Human Features Physical Features Music Beliefs Climate Landforms Clothing Food Plants Animals Religion Languages Natural Resources

12 Movement Movement: explains how people, goods, and ideas get from one place to another What happens in one place affects what happens in another - HUMAN Movement Trucks, Trains, Planes, Auto - INFORMATION (Technology) Movement Phones, computer ( ), mail - IDEA Movement How do fads or cultural traditions move from place to place? TV, Radio, Magazines

13 Push Factors: causes a person to leave a particular area Pull Factors: causes a person to come into a particular area Push Factors War Sickness (Epidemic) No Jobs Bad Weather/Climate -Few Natural Resources -Restrictions on Religion -Government Control Pull Factors Job Openings Good Weather/Climate -Lots of Natural Resources -Exploration -Money -Freedom

14 Human-Environment Interaction Human-Environment Interaction: explores how people affect their environment, or natural surroundings and how the environment affects them -Cut trails into mountains -Learned to survive with little water

15 Human-Environment Interaction Decisions People Make to Adapt to Environment: -We Depend on the environment For example, people depend on the Mississippi River for water and transportation -We Modify the environment by heating and cooling buildings for comfort -We Adapt to the environment by wearing clothing suitable for summer (shorts) and winter (coats), rain and shine.

16 Remembering the 5 themes If you can t remembering what If you can t remembering what they are they are just ask MR. HELP!!! Movement Movement Regions Regions Human Environment interaction Human Location Environment interaction - Location Place - Place just ask MR. HELP!!!

17 Alpha-Numeric Map: Absolute Location Map:

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