3 rd Grade Social Studies Pacing Guide Arkansas Frameworks

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1 3 rd Grade Social Studies Pacing Guide Arkansas Frameworks 1st Nine Weeks Strand1: Geography Standard 1: Physical and Spatial Students shall develop an understanding of the physical and spatial characteristics and applications of geography. Location, Place, and Region G Define absolute location G Discuss the characteristics that define a region: takes up area has boundaries has special features G Identify on which continent and in which hemispheres the United States is located G Identify the following using a globe or a map: Equator Prime Meridian North Pole South Pole G Divide the earth into the four hemispheres using a map or globe: northern southern eastern western G Identify the seven continents Map and Globe Skills G Describe how seasonal weather changes affect the environment Map and Globe Skills G Explain the purpose of a physical map G Utilize the map legend/key to interpret physical maps G Locate places on contemporary maps using cardinal and intermediate directions, map scales, legends, and titles G Label physical features on maps and globes: rivers lakes oceans mountains islands desert coast

2 peninsula plain plateau G Create a physical map that includes the following: title compass rose legend/key Standard 2: Culture and Diversity Students shall develop an understanding of how cultures around the world develop and change. Culture and Diversity G Discuss several customs in the United States and tell how they originated (e.g., greetings, fireworks, parades) G Identify reasons people live in rural, urban, and suburban areas H Examine land development and its impact on a community H Identify the modes of transportation in westward movement(e.g., wagons, horses, railroads) 2 nd Nine Weeks Strand1: Geography Standard 1: Physical and Spatial Students shall develop an understanding of the physical and spatial characteristics and applications of geography. Location, Place, and Region G Name and locate the states that border Arkansas G Locate mountain ranges in Arkansas: Ozark Ouachita G Locate major rivers in Arkansas: Arkansas Mississippi Red White Ouachita St. Francis

3 Standard 2: Culture and Diversity Students shall develop an understanding of how cultures around the world develop and change. Culture and Diversity G Identify cultural traits of ethnic groups that live in Arkansas G Compare and contrast the human characteristics of early settlements and contemporary communities in Arkansas Standard 3: Interaction of People and the Environment Students shall develop an understanding of the interactions between people and their environment. Movement G Discuss different types of transportation and communication links between communities G Describe human settlements (e.g., cities, towns, communities, villages) Human Environment Interaction G Describe how people affect and alter their environment (e.g., farming, building dams, environmental lighting, irrigation, pit mining) G Discuss ways in which the school and community can improve the physical environment by practicing conservation Regionalism/ Nationalism H Research the history of the Arkansas state flag H Examine historical people and events of Arkansas (e.g., Maya Angelou, Civil War, civil rights movement) H Analyze a timeline that illustrates selected historical events H Identify Jamestown as the first permanent American settlement H Discuss John Smith s role and influence in the establishment of a self-sufficient settlement in Jamestown H Identify the causes for the establishment of the thirteen colonies (e.g., gold, tobacco, religion) H Describe the early American Indian cultures in Arkansas Movement H Identify the following explorers: Hernando Desoto La Salle/De Tonti Marquette/Joliet H Identify the factors leading to the purchase of Louisiana H Recognize that Arkansas was part of the Louisiana Purchase Cultural Diversity and Uniformity

4 H Identify similarities and differences among the American Indians and Pilgrims: housing clothing foods traditions tools Third Nine Weeks Strand 2: Civics Standard 4: Government Students shall develop an understanding of the forms and roles of government. Forms and Roles of Government C Discuss why government is necessary at the local level C Describe responsibilities and services of local government (e.g., law enforcement, fire protection, public parks, public schools, roads) C Identify the three levels of government: local state federal C Identify the fundamental ideals of democracy (e.g., human rights, justice, common good, equal opportunity) Standard 5: Citizenship Students shall develop an understanding of the rights and responsibilities of citizens. Roots of Democracy C Examine the significance of national symbols and the role they play in fostering effective citizenship (e.g., National Anthem,Liberty Bell, Pledge of Allegiance, American Flag, Statue of Liberty, United States Constitution) Rights and Responsibilities of Citizens C Describe how citizens contribute to the improvement of a community (e.g., service projects, volunteerism) C Describe the election process C Discuss the proper etiquette for the American flag Conflict/Consensus H Discuss that conflicts between countries can lead to war H Discuss the meaning of revolution H Discuss the meaning of civil war

5 H Recognize individuals who contributed to the common good of society (e.g., Rosa Parks, Susan B. Anthony,César Chávez) H Compare artifacts from events in various periods of history H Identify ways in which technology has changed the world (e.g., computers, fax machines, cell phones) 4 th Nine Weeks Strand 4: Economics Standard 7: Students shall analyze and cost and benefits of making economic choices. Costs and Benefits E Determine that people make trade offs to get the most benefit from scarce resources E Evaluate examples from the local community that illustrate scarcity E Recognize that stating the problem and listing the alternatives are part of the decision making model Standard 8: Resources: Students shall evaluate the use and allocation of human, natural, and capital resources. Factors of Production E Discuss human capital E Recognize ways people become more skillful in the workplace E Recognize the product associated with the natural resources from which it is created E Explain how capital resources are related to specific jobs E Define and discuss characteristics of an entrepreneur E Define profit Standard 9: Markets: Students shall analyze the exchange of goods and services and the roles of governments, businesses, and individuals in the market place. Financial Markets E Research items that represented money throughout time (e.g., shells, beads, pelts) E List and explain the functions of money: medium of exchange measure of value store of value E Discuss costs and benefits of saving in a financial institution Good and Services E Identify and explain the role of each productive resource in producing a good or service (e.g., school lunches) E Research goods and services provided by markets in the local community E Describe the benefits of voluntary exchange (e.g., trade) E Recognize the connection between specialization and interdependence E Define supply and demand Global markets E Define import and export