Objectives. Inertia. Is air matter? Is Light matter? Chapter 2. Chapter 2. Table of Contents. Chapter 2. Chapter 2. Section 1 What Is Matter?

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Objectives. Inertia. Is air matter? Is Light matter? Chapter 2. Chapter 2. Table of Contents. Chapter 2. Chapter 2. Section 1 What Is Matter?"

Transcription

1 The Properties of Matter Section 1 What Is Matter? Table of Contents Section 1 What Is Matter? Section 2 Physical Properties Section 3 Chemical Properties Objectives Describe the two properties of all matter. Identify the units used to measure volume and mass. Compare mass and weight. Explain the relationship between mass and inertia. Section 1 What Is Matter? Section 1 What Is Matter? Matter Matter Matter is anything that has mass and takes up space. Matter is made up of atoms and molecules which are always in motion Is air matter? Inertia What Is Inertia? Inertia is the tendency of an object to resist a change in motion. Mass: The Measure of Inertia An object that has a large mass is harder to move and harder to stop than an object that has less mass. The reason is that the object with the large mass has greater inertia. Is Light matter?

2 Section 2 Physical Properties Section 2 Physical Properties Bellringer If you were asked to describe an orange to someone who had never seen an orange, what would you tell the person? Write your response in your science journal. Objectives Identify six examples of physical properties of matter. Describe how density is used to identify substances. List six examples of physical changes. Explain what happens to matter during a physical change. Section 2 Physical Properties Physical Properties physical properties can be observed or measured without changing the matter s identity. Examples: Color shape mass density odor melting point boiling point Solubility

3 FYI Section 2 Physical Properties Physical Properties, continued Identifying Matter You use physical properties to identify matter. Density Density is the amount of matter in a given space, or volume. The two balls below have different densities. FYI Section 2 Physical Properties Physical Properties, continued Liquid Layers The graduated cylinder below contains six liquids. Each liquid is a different density so the liquids form layers. Density of Solids Knowing the density of a substance can also tell you what kind of substance it is. FYI Section 2 Physical Properties Physical Properties, continued Solving for Density To find an objects density (D), first measure its mass (m) and volume (V). Then use the following equation: FYI Section 2 Physical Properties Physical Properties, continued Using Density to Identify Substances Look at the table below to compare densities of several common substances. D = m/v

4 Section 2 Physical Properties Section 3 Chemical Properties Physical Changes Do Not Form New Substances Dissolving salt in water, cutting grass, melting ice are all physical changes Objectives Section 3 Chemical Properties Describe two examples of chemical properties. Section 3 Chemical Properties Chemical Properties Chemical property How a substance can react with another substance to make a new substance Explain what happens during a chemical change. Distinguish between physical and chemical changes.

5 Section 3 Chemical Properties Comparing Physical and Chemical Properties Click below to watch the Visual Concept. Visual Concept You may stop the video at any time by pressing the Esc key. Section 3 Chemical Properties Chemical Change a substance changes chemical properties--the identity of the matter changes Signs of Chemical Changes change in color, odor, production of heat, fizzing, and so on. Wood burning, a nail rusting, digesting your food are all chemical changes Section 3 Chemical Properties The substance can not be recovered by physical means

6 FYI Section 3 Chemical Properties Physical Versus Chemical Changes A Change in Composition Physical changes do not change the composition of a substance while chemical changes do. Reversing Changes Many physical changes are easily reversed, but most chemical changes cannot easily be reversed. Section 3 Chemical Properties Comparing Physical and Chemical Changes Click below to watch the Visual Concept. Visual Concept You may stop the video at any time by pressing the Esc key. The Properties of Matter The Properties of Matter Concept Map Use the terms below to complete the concept map on the next slide. matter mass motion volume milliliters cubic centimeters weight gravity

7 The Properties of Matter End of Show States of Matter Section 1 Three States of Matter Table of Contents Section 1 Three States of Matter Section 2 Behavior of Gases Objectives Describe the properties shared by particles of all matter. Describe three states of matter. Explain the differences between the states of matter.

8 Particles of Matter Section 1 Three States of Matter Thestates of matter are the physical forms in which a substance can exist. The three most familiar states of matter are solid, liquid, and gas. Matter is made up of tiny particles called atoms and molecules. These particles are always in motion and are always bumping into one another. States of Matter Solids atoms are rigid and can vibrate Definite shape and volume Liquids atoms can slide around each other but are attached Definite volume, but no definite shape Gas atoms are free from each other No definite shape or volume Plasma-- States of Matter Section 1 Three States of Matter

9 FYI Solids, continued Section 1 Three States of Matter There Are Two Kinds of Solids Crystalline solids have a very orderly, three-dimensional arrangement of particles. Iron, diamond, and ice are crystalline solids. Amorphous solids are made of particles that do not have a special arrangement. Glass, rubber, and wax are amorphous solids. FYI Liquids, continued Section 1 Three States of Matter Liquids Have Unique Characteristics Two special properties of liquids are surface tension and viscosity. Surface tension is a force that acts on the particles at the surface of a liquid. Viscosity is a liquid s resistance to flow. Section 1 Three States of Matter FYI Gases Bellringer Gas is the state of matter that has no definite shape or volume. The particles of a gas move quickly and can break away completely from one another. The amount of empty space between gas particles can change. Write a description of what must be done to liquid water to change it to ice or to change it to steam. Based on your explanation, predict what must happen to cause matter to change state. Write your answer in your science journal.

10 Objectives Changing states of matter involves energy, but does not change the makeup of the matter Describe how energy is involved in changes of state. Describe what happens during melting and freezing. Compare evaporation and condensation. Explain what happens during sublimation. Identify the two changes that can happen when a substance loses or gains energy. FYI Energy and Changes of State Achange of state is the change of a substance from one physical form to another. The particles of a substance move differently depending on the state of the substance. The particles also have different amounts of energy when the substance is in different states. FYI Melting: Solid to Liquid Melting is the change of state from a solid to a liquid. The temperature at which a solid changes to a liquid is its melting point. Adding Energy For a solid to melt, particles must overcome their attractions to each other. When a solid is at its melting point, any energy added is used to overcome attractions between particles.

11 FYI Freezing: Liquid to Solid Freezing is the change of state from a liquid to a solid. The temperature at which a liquid changes to a solid is its freezing point. Removing Energy When a liquid is at its freezing point, removing energy will cause the particles to begin locking into place. FYI Evaporation: Liquid to Gas Evaporation is the change of state from a liquid to a gas. Evaporation can occur at the surface of a liquid that is below its boiling point. Boiling is the change of a liquid to a gas throughout the liquid. The temperature at which a liquid boils is its boiling point. FYI Evaporation: Liquid to Gas, continued Effects of Pressure on Boiling Point The boiling point of a liquid decreases as atmospheric pressure decreases. Atmospheric pressure is caused by the weight of the gases in the atmosphere. Atmospheric pressure is lower at higher elevations. So, the boiling point is lower on top of mountains than it is at sea level.

12 FYI Condensation: Gas to Liquid Condensation is the change of state from a gas to a liquid. The condensation point of a substance is the temperature at which the gas becomes a liquid. Energy must be removed for condensation to occur. Removing energy slows the movement of gas particles which allows them to clump together. Vaporization and Condensation Click below to watch the Visual Concept. Visual Concept You may stop the video at any time by pressing the Esc key. FYI Sublimation: Solid to Gas Sublimation is the change of state in which a solid changes directly into a gas. For sublimation to occur, the attractions between the particles must be completely overcome. So, the substance must gain energy during sublimation. FYI Change of Temperature Vs. Change of State When most substances lose or gain energy, one of two things happens to the substance: its temperature changes or its state changes. But the temperature of a substance does not change until a change of state is complete. The graph on the next slide shows how temperature changes as energy is added to ice.

13 Section 2 Behavior of Gases Bellringer What gas is used in a balloon to make it float in the air? Have you ever seen a hot-air balloon floating in the sky? In your science journal, write an explanation of why you think the balloon can fly with only air in it and not helium. Objectives Section 2 Behavior of Gases Describe three factors that affect how gases behave. Predict how a change in pressure or temperature will affect the volume of a gas. FYI Section 2 Behavior of Gases Describing Gas Behavior Temperature Temperature is a measure of how fast the particles in an object are moving.the faster the particles are moving, the more energy they have. Volume Volume is the amount of space that an object takes up. Because gas particles spread out, the volume of any gas depends on the container that the gas is in. Pressure The amount of force exerted on a given area of surface is called pressure. You can think of pressure as the number of times the particles of a gas hit the inside of their container.

14 Gas Laws Boyle s Law When pressure is applied to a gas, the volume will decrease P 1 V 1 =P 2 V 2 Charles s Law As the temperature of a gas increases, so does its volume V 1 V 2 T 1 = T 2

15 Boyle s Questions Charles's Questions If a gas has a pressure of 10 kpa and a volume of 50cm3, what will the volume be if the pressure increases to 50 kpa? What if the pressure increases to 75 kpa? What if the pressure increases to 100 kpa? What if the pressure decreases to 25 kpa? Now graph the results Section 2 Behavior of Gases Laws of Conservation The following laws apply to all changes The law of conservation of Energy Energy cannot be created or destroyed The law of conservation of mass Mass cannot be created or destroyed

16 Section 2 Behavior of Gases States of Matter Gas Behavior Laws Boyle s Law Boyle s law states that for a fixed amount of gas at a constant temperature, the volume of the gas is inversely related to pressure. Charles s Law Charles s law states that for a fixed amount of gas at a constant pressure, the volume of the gas changes in the same way that the temperature of the gas changes. Concept Map Use the terms below to complete the concept map on the next slide. changes of state melting evaporating liquid condensing states of matter solid States of Matter Types of Matter The Atom is the smallest particle of an element that has the properties of the element.

17 Elements are pure substances that can t be broken down into simpler substances. Section 1 Elements Compounds compound = a pure substance made of 2 or more elements that are chemically combined. A particle of a compound is a called a molecule Water H 2 O Carbon Dioxide CO 2 Table Salt NaCl Mixtures Mixture is a combination of more than 1 pure substance not chemically bonded Orange Juice Sugar, water, pulp Soda Pop, Dirt, salt water A compound has properties that differ from those of the elements that form it.

18 Section 3 Mixtures Heterogeneous mixtures- look different throughout Homogeneous mixtures- look the same throughout Section 3 Mixtures Solutions Asolution is a mixture that appears to be a single substance. The process in which particles of substances separate and spread evenly throughout a mixture is known as dissolving. In a solution, the solute is the substance that is dissolved. The solvent is the substance in which the solute is dissolved.

19 Section 3 Mixtures Section 3 Mixtures Solutions, continued Examples of Solutions Liquid solutions include soft drinks, gasoline, and tap water. Solutions may also be gases, such as air. Solutions may also be solids, such as steel. Alloys are solid solutions of metals or nonmetals dissolved in metals. Solutes, Solvents, and Solutions Click below to watch the Visual Concept. Visual Concept You may stop the video at any time by pressing the Esc key. Section 3 Mixtures Section 3 Mixtures Solutions, continued Particles in Solutions The particles in solutions are so small that they never settle out. They also cannot be removed by filtering. The particles in solutions are so small that they don t even scatter light. Concentrations of Solutions A measure of the amount of solute dissolved in a solvent is concentration. Concentrated or Dilute? Solutions can be described as being concentrated or dilute. But these two terms do not tell you the amount of solute that is dissolved. The next slide shows how to calculate concentration. Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

20 Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Section 3 Mixtures Section 3 Mixtures Concentrations of Solutions, continued Solubility is the ability of a solute to dissolve in a solvent at a certain temperature. The solubility of most solids in water increases with temperature. The graph on the next slide shows this relationship. Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Section 3 Mixtures Section 3 Mixtures Concentrations of Solutions, continued Dissolving Gases in Liquids Gases become less soluble in liquids as the temperature is raised. Dissolving Solids Faster in Liquids Three ways to make a solute dissolve faster are mixing the solution, heating the solution, and crushing the solute into smaller particles. Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

21 Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Section 3 Mixtures Section 3 Mixtures Suspensions Asuspension is a mixture in which particles of a material are dispersed throughout a liquid or a gas but are large enough that they settle out. The particles in a suspension are large enough to scatter or block light. A suspension can be separated by passing it through a filter. Colloids Acolloid is a mixture in which the particles are dispersed throughout but are not heavy enough to settle out. Particles in a colloid are large enough to scatter light. A colloid cannot be separated by passing it through a filter. Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. States of Matter

22 Interpreting Graphics End of Show The table below shows the properties of different substances. Use the table below to answer the questions that follow. 1. What could you use to tell pyrite (fool s gold) and gold apart? A volume B density C mass D state 1. What could you use to tell pyrite (fool s gold) and gold apart? A volume B density C mass D state

23 2. What do you think would happen if you placed a nugget of pyrite into a beaker of mercury? F The pyrite would sink. G The pyrite would dissolve. H The mercury and the pyrite would react. I The pyrite would float. 2. What do you think would happen if you placed a nugget of pyrite into a beaker of mercury? F The pyrite would sink. G The pyrite would dissolve. H The mercury and the pyrite would react. I The pyrite would float. 3. If a nugget of pyrite and a nugget of gold each have a mass of 50 g, what can you conclude about the volume of each nugget? A The volume of pyrite is greater than the volume of gold. B The volume of pyrite is less than the volume of gold. C The volumes of the substances are equal. D There is not enough information to determine the answer. 3. If a nugget of pyrite and a nugget of gold each have a mass of 50 g, what can you conclude about the volume of each nugget? A The volume of pyrite is greater than the volume of gold. B The volume of pyrite is less than the volume of gold. C The volumes of the substances are equal. D There is not enough information to determine the answer.

24 4. Which substance has the lowest density? F helium G pyrite H mercury I gold 4. Which substance has the lowest density? F helium G pyrite H mercury I gold Interpreting Graphics Use the chart below to answer the questions that follow. 1. Phillip wants to purchase antifreeze for his car. Antifreeze is added to the water in a car s radiator to lower the water s freezing point. The temperature in his area never falls below 10 C. Given the information in the chart above, which of the following brands of antifreeze would be the best for Phillip s car? A Ice-B-Gone B Freeze Free C Liqui-Freeze D Auntie Freeze

25 1. Phillip wants to purchase antifreeze for his car. Antifreeze is added to the water in a car s radiator to lower the water s freezing point. The temperature in his area never falls below 10 C. Given the information in the chart above, which of the following brands of antifreeze would be the best for Phillip s car? A Ice-B-Gone B Freeze Free C Liqui-Freeze D Auntie Freeze 2. Phillip wants to make a bar graph that compares the brands of antifreeze. If he puts the brand name of each antifreeze on the x-axis, what variable belongs on the y-axis? F Freezing point of water G Freezing point of water with antifreeze in it H Freezing point of the antifreeze only I Freezing point of the radiator 2. Phillip wants to make a bar graph that compares the brands of antifreeze. If he puts the brand name of each antifreeze on the x-axis, what variable belongs on the y-axis? F Freezing point of water G Freezing point of water with antifreeze in it H Freezing point of the antifreeze only I Freezing point of the radiator 3. Phillip s cousin lives in an area where it rarely freezes. The record low temperature for winter is 2 C. Which brand should Phillip s cousin purchase? A Ice-B-Gone B Freeze Free C Liqui-Freeze D Auntie Freeze

26 Section 1 Three States of Matter 3. Phillip s cousin lives in an area where it rarely freezes. The record low temperature for winter is 2 C. Which brand should Phillip s cousin purchase? A Ice-B-Gone B Freeze Free C Liqui-Freeze D Auntie Freeze Section 2 Behavior of Gases

27 Section 2 Physical Properties

28 Section 2 Physical Properties Section 2 Physical Properties Section 2 Physical Properties Interpreting Graphics The graph below was constructed from data collected during a laboratory investigation. Use the graph below to answer the questions that follow. Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

29 Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Section 3 Mixtures 1. Which of the following values is the amount of sodium nitrate that can dissolve in 100 ml of water at 40 C? A 0 g B 40 g C 80 g D 100 g Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. 1. Which of the following values is the amount of sodium nitrate that can dissolve in 100 ml of water at 40 C? A 0 g B 40 g C 80 g D 100 g 2. How many grams of sodium chloride can dissolve in 100 ml of water at 60 C? F 40 g G 80 g H 125 g I 160 g Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

30 Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. 2. How many grams of sodium chloride can dissolve in 100 ml of water at 60 C? F 40 g G 80 g H 125 g I 160 g 3. At what temperature will 80 g of potassium bromide completely dissolve in 100 ml of water? A approximately 20 C B approximately 42 C C approximately 88 C D approximately 100 C Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. 3. At what temperature will 80 g of potassium bromide completely dissolve in 100 ml of water? A approximately 20 C B approximately 42 C C approximately 88 C D approximately 100 C 4. At 20 C, which solid is the most soluble? F sodium chloride G sodium chlorate H potassium bromide I sodium nitrate Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

31 Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. 4. At 20 C, which solid is the most soluble? F sodium chloride G sodium chlorate H potassium bromide I sodium nitrate

Chapter 3. Preview. Section 1 Three States of Matter. Section 2 Behavior of Gases. Section 3 Changes of State. States of Matter.

Chapter 3. Preview. Section 1 Three States of Matter. Section 2 Behavior of Gases. Section 3 Changes of State. States of Matter. States of Matter Preview Section 1 Three States of Matter Section 2 Behavior of Gases Section 3 Changes of State Concept Mapping Section 1 Three States of Matter Bellringer In the kitchen, you might find

More information

Chapter 8. Chapter 8. Preview. Bellringer. Chapter 8. Particles of Matter. Objectives. Chapter 8. Particles of Matter, continued

Chapter 8. Chapter 8. Preview. Bellringer. Chapter 8. Particles of Matter. Objectives. Chapter 8. Particles of Matter, continued States of Matter Preview Bellringer Section 2 Behavior of Gases In the kitchen, you might find three different forms of water. What are these three forms of water, and where exactly in the kitchen would

More information

Physical Science Exam 3 Study Guide. Dr. Karoline Rostamiani. Chapter 3

Physical Science Exam 3 Study Guide. Dr. Karoline Rostamiani. Chapter 3 Chapter 3 Section 1 States of Matter What is matter made of? What are the three most common states of matter? How do particles behave in each state of matter? Solids, Liquids, and Gases Materials can be

More information

Atom - the smallest unit of an element that has the properties of that element From the Greek word for indivisible

Atom - the smallest unit of an element that has the properties of that element From the Greek word for indivisible Matter Atom - the smallest unit of an element that has the properties of that element From the Greek word for indivisible 3 subatomic particles Proton - positively charged particle in the nucleus of an

More information

1 Three States of Matter

1 Three States of Matter CHAPTER 3 1 Three States of Matter SECTION States of Matter BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What is matter made of? What are the three most common

More information

Atom - the smallest unit of an element that has the properties of that element From the Greek word for indivisible

Atom - the smallest unit of an element that has the properties of that element From the Greek word for indivisible Matter Atom - the smallest unit of an element that has the properties of that element From the Greek word for indivisible 3 subatomic particles Proton - positively charged particle in the nucleus of an

More information

Name Class Date. How do mixtures differ from elements and compounds? How can mixtures be separated? What are solutions?

Name Class Date. How do mixtures differ from elements and compounds? How can mixtures be separated? What are solutions? CHAPTER 3 3 Mixtures SECTION Elements, Compounds, and Mixtures BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: How do mixtures differ from elements and compounds?

More information

Name Class Date. How do mixtures differ from elements and compounds? How can mixtures be separated? What are solutions?

Name Class Date. How do mixtures differ from elements and compounds? How can mixtures be separated? What are solutions? CHAPTER 4 3 Mixtures SECTION Elements, Compounds, and Mixtures BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: How do mixtures differ from elements and compounds?

More information

Silent Card Shuffle. Dump out the word strips onto your desk.

Silent Card Shuffle. Dump out the word strips onto your desk. Silent Card Shuffle Dump out the word strips onto your desk. With a partner, silently work to arrange the strips into 8 groups. Each group should have a term (purple paper), its definition (white paper),

More information

Directed Reading A. Section: Mixtures PROPERTIES OF MIXTURES. combined is a(n). of feldspar, mica, and quartz. SOLUTIONS

Directed Reading A. Section: Mixtures PROPERTIES OF MIXTURES. combined is a(n). of feldspar, mica, and quartz. SOLUTIONS Skills Worksheet Directed Reading A Section: Mixtures 1. A pizza is a(n). PROPERTIES OF MIXTURES 2. A combination of two or more substances that are not chemically combined is a(n). 3. When two or more

More information

Properties of Matter

Properties of Matter Properties of Matter Matter - anything that has mass and takes up space Chemistry - the study of the properties of matter and how matter changes Physical Property - a characteristic of a substance which

More information

3 Mixtures. How do mixtures differ from elements and compounds? How can mixtures be separated? What are solutions, and how are they characterized?

3 Mixtures. How do mixtures differ from elements and compounds? How can mixtures be separated? What are solutions, and how are they characterized? CHAPTER 5 3 Mixtures SECTION Elements, Compounds, and Mixtures BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: How do mixtures differ from elements and compounds?

More information

Ch. 7 Foundations of Chemistry

Ch. 7 Foundations of Chemistry Ch. 7 Foundations of Chemistry Classifying Matter Matter is anything that has mass and takes up space. Atom - smallest particle of matter 2 Main Classifications of Matter Substance Mixtures Substances

More information

Elements. Boiling Point. Help you identify a specific element

Elements. Boiling Point. Help you identify a specific element Section 1 * Lab * 2 wksts * Quiz Pure substance Only one type of particle Called Atoms Metals Nonmetals Elements Categories Boiling Point Help you identify a specific element Melting Point Characteristic

More information

Section 1: Elements Pages 56-59

Section 1: Elements Pages 56-59 Study Guide Chapter 3 Elements, Compounds, and Mixtures Section 1: Elements Pages 56-59 1. Which of the following processes is NOT a physical or chemical change? a. crushing b. weighing c. melting d. passing

More information

Solids, Liquids, and Gases. Chapter 14

Solids, Liquids, and Gases. Chapter 14 Solids, Liquids, and Gases Chapter 14 Matter & Thermal Energy Matter can exist as a solid, a liquid, a gas or a plasma. The Molecular Kinetic Theory of Matter explains their differences and how they can

More information

What is Matter? How can matter be classified? Every sample of matter is either an element, a compound, or a mixture.

What is Matter? How can matter be classified? Every sample of matter is either an element, a compound, or a mixture. Matter Section 1 What is Matter? How can matter be classified? Every sample of matter is either an element, a compound, or a mixture. matter: anything that has mass and takes up space Matter Section 1

More information

Matter: Properties & Change

Matter: Properties & Change Matter: Properties & Change Essential Vocabulary 6.P.2.1 Recognize that all matter is made up of atoms and atoms of the same element are all alike, but are different from the atoms of other elements. 6.P.2.2

More information

Study Guide for Chapters 2, 3, and 10

Study Guide for Chapters 2, 3, and 10 Study Guide for Chapters 2, 3, and 10 1. What is matter? Where can it be found? Anything that has mass and takes up space. 2. What units are used to measure volume? Liters and meters cubed 3. How would

More information

States of Matter. Essential Question: How does the movement of atoms and molecules relate to matter s different phases?

States of Matter. Essential Question: How does the movement of atoms and molecules relate to matter s different phases? States of Matter Essential Question: How does the movement of atoms and molecules relate to matter s different phases? These notes come from pages 60 to 73 in your Physical Science Textbook All Matter

More information

Chapter: States of Matter

Chapter: States of Matter Table of Contents Chapter: States of Matter Section 1: Matter Section 2: Changes of State Section 3: Behavior of Fluids 1 What is matter? Matter is anything that takes up space and has mass. Matter Matter

More information

Unit 1 Lesson 6 Changes of State. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 1 Lesson 6 Changes of State. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company The Fact of the Matter What happens when matter changes state? The three most familiar states of matter are solid, liquid, and gas. A change of state is the change of a substance from one physical form

More information

Chapter 3 Phases of Matter Physical Science

Chapter 3 Phases of Matter Physical Science Chapter 3 Phases of Matter Physical Science CH 3- States of Matter 1 What makes up matter? What is the difference between a solid, a liquid, and a gas? What kind of energy do all particles of matter have?

More information

Vocabulary: Matter: has mass and takes up space (pure substances and mixtures) Pure Substances: composition definite, elements and compounds.

Vocabulary: Matter: has mass and takes up space (pure substances and mixtures) Pure Substances: composition definite, elements and compounds. Unit 2: Composition and Properties of Matter Review Elements, Compounds, Mixtures and Physical/Chemical Properties and Changes, Water Properties and Biogeochemical Cycles Vocabulary: Matter: has mass and

More information

Matter and Its Properties

Matter and Its Properties Section 2 4A, 4B, 4C, 4D Main Ideas Atoms are the building blocks of matter. All substances have characteristic properties. Matter can be a pure substance or a mixture. 4A differentiate between physical

More information

Volume. measures how much space matter takes up. solubility. The amount of mass for an object is called. matter

Volume. measures how much space matter takes up. solubility. The amount of mass for an object is called. matter measures how much space matter takes up. Volume is the resistance of an object to sink, and it depends on. The ability of a substance to dissolve into another substance is called. The amount of mass for

More information

Chapter 2 Matter & Change

Chapter 2 Matter & Change Matter is anything that has mass and takes up space Matter can exist in four states Solid Liquid Gas Plasma Matter can be classified into two main groups Pure Substance Mixture A pure substance is a material

More information

Name Class Date. Read the words in the box. Read the sentences. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best completes the sentence.

Name Class Date. Read the words in the box. Read the sentences. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best completes the sentence. Skills Worksheet Directed Reading B Section: Mixtures PROPERTIES OF MIXTURES mixture compound physical identity 1. A combination of substances that are not chemically combined is called a(n). 2. Two or

More information

Chapter Preview. Improving Comprehension

Chapter Preview. Improving Comprehension Chapter Preview Improving Comprehension Graphic Organizers are important visual tools that can help you organize information and improve your reading comprehension. The Graphic Organizer below is called

More information

Chemistry Unit 1: Section1 - Elements, Compounds, & Mixtures

Chemistry Unit 1: Section1 - Elements, Compounds, & Mixtures Chemistry Unit 1: Section1 - Elements, Compounds, & Mixtures PURE SUBSTANCES A pure substance is called an element. An element is a pure substance because it cannot be separated into any other substances.

More information

Soluble: A solute that dissolves in a specific solvent. Insoluble: A solute that will not dissolve in a specific solvent. "Like Dissolves Like"

Soluble: A solute that dissolves in a specific solvent. Insoluble: A solute that will not dissolve in a specific solvent. Like Dissolves Like Solutions Homogeneous Mixtures Solutions: Mixtures that contain two or more substances called the solute and the solvent where the solute dissolves in the solvent so the solute and solvent are not distinguishable

More information

Page 1 / 12. Chemistry Exam. Name: Matter Properties, Structure. Question 1 (1 point) The atomic number of an atom is. A. The mass of the atom.

Page 1 / 12. Chemistry Exam. Name: Matter Properties, Structure. Question 1 (1 point) The atomic number of an atom is. A. The mass of the atom. Chemistry Exam Matter Properties, Structure Name: Question 1 (1 point) The atomic number of an atom is A. The mass of the atom. B. The number of protons added to the number of neutrons in the nucleus.

More information

BOOK K CHAPTER 3 FLASHCARDS

BOOK K CHAPTER 3 FLASHCARDS BOOK K CHAPTER 3 FLASHCARDS Boiling point, melting point, and density are some of an element s a. nonreactive properties. b. chemical properties. c. physical properties. d. pure properties. A property

More information

Name Class Date. Chapter Use each of the following terms in a separate sentence: physical property and physical change.

Name Class Date. Chapter Use each of the following terms in a separate sentence: physical property and physical change. Skills Worksheet Section Review Chapter 2-2 Physical Properties USING KEY TERMS 1. Use each of the following terms in a separate sentence: physical property and physical change. UNDERSTANDING KEY IDEAS

More information

SOLIDS, LIQUIDS, AND GASES

SOLIDS, LIQUIDS, AND GASES CHAPTER 2 SOLIDS, LIQUIDS, AND GASES SECTION 2 1 States of Matter (pages 56-60) This section explains how shape, volume, and the motion of particles are useful in describing solids, liquids, and gases.

More information

CHAPTER 1: Chemistry, An Introduction

CHAPTER 1: Chemistry, An Introduction CHAPTER 1: Chemistry, An Introduction science: the study of nature to explain what one observes 1.4 THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD: How Chemists Think Applying the Scientific Method 1. Make an observation, and

More information

Name: Date: Class Notes Chemistry. Energy is the ability to move or change matter.

Name: Date: Class Notes Chemistry. Energy is the ability to move or change matter. Name: Date: Class Notes Chemistry Energy Energy is the ability to move or change matter. Everything in the universe consists of two things: energy and matter. Actually, energy and matter are different

More information

How can homogeneous and heterogeneous mixtures be. 1. classified? 2. separated?

How can homogeneous and heterogeneous mixtures be. 1. classified? 2. separated? How can homogeneous and heterogeneous mixtures be 1. classified? 2. separated? 1. HETEROGENEOUS MIXTURE 2. COLLOID 3. EMULSION 4. SUSPENSION 5. FILTRATION 6. TYNDALL EFFECT 7. HOMOGENEOUS MIXTURE 8. SOLUTION

More information

Chapter 10. Lesson Starter. Why did you not smell the odor of the vapor immediately? Explain this event in terms of the motion of molecules.

Chapter 10. Lesson Starter. Why did you not smell the odor of the vapor immediately? Explain this event in terms of the motion of molecules. Preview Lesson Starter Objectives The Kinetic-Molecular Theory of Gases The Kinetic-Molecular Theory and the Nature of Gases Deviations of Real Gases from Ideal Behavior Section 1 The Kinetic-Molecular

More information

Classification of Matter. States of Matter Physical and Chemical Properties Physical and Chemical Changes

Classification of Matter. States of Matter Physical and Chemical Properties Physical and Chemical Changes 1 Classification of Matter States of Matter Physical and Chemical Properties Physical and Chemical Changes 2 Classification of Matter Matter is anything that has mass and occupies space. We can classify

More information

Matter, Atoms & Molecules

Matter, Atoms & Molecules Matter, Atoms & Molecules Matter is anything that has mass and takes up space. All matter is made of tiny particles called atoms, which are too small to see with the naked eye. Matter Matter is anything

More information

Making Sense of Matter Study Guide. Matter is anything that takes up space and has mass.

Making Sense of Matter Study Guide. Matter is anything that takes up space and has mass. Making Sense of Matter Study Guide Matter is all around us everything is made of matter. Matter is anything that takes up space and has mass. We can classify objects by their physical properties. Physical

More information

Matter Properties and Change

Matter Properties and Change Matter Properties and Change Section 3.1 Properties of Matter Section 3.2 Changes in Matter Section 3.3 Mixtures of Matter Section 3.4 Elements and Compounds Click a hyperlink or folder tab to view the

More information

Foundations of Chemistry

Foundations of Chemistry Name Foundations of Chemistry What is matter, and how does it change? Date Before You Read Before you read the chapter, think about what you know about matter and how it changes Record three things that

More information

Matter. Anything that has both mass and volume.

Matter. Anything that has both mass and volume. 1.1-1.5 Matter Anything that has both mass and volume. States of Matter Bose-Einstein condensate: Exists only near absolute zero. Solid: Definite shape and volume. Particles restricted to rotational and

More information

LESSON 1: DESCRIBING MATTER pg.5. Chemistry = Is the study of matter & how matter changes. Liquid/Solid/Gas

LESSON 1: DESCRIBING MATTER pg.5. Chemistry = Is the study of matter & how matter changes. Liquid/Solid/Gas Chemistry..CHAPTER 1: INTRO TO MATTER LESSON 1: DESCRIBING MATTER pg.5 Chemistry = Is the study of matter & how matter changes A. Matter = anything that has mass & takes up space à You, air, plastic, metal,

More information

6 th Grade Introduction to Chemistry

6 th Grade Introduction to Chemistry Lesson 1 (Describing Matter) 6 th Grade Introduction to Chemistry Matter anything that has mass and takes up space All the stuff in the natural world is matter. Chapter 1: Introduction to Matter Chemistry

More information

Chemistry A: States of Matter Packet Name: Hour: Page 1. Chemistry A States of Matter Packet

Chemistry A: States of Matter Packet Name: Hour: Page 1. Chemistry A States of Matter Packet Chemistry A: States of Matter Packet Name: Hour: Page 1 Chemistry A States of Matter Packet Chemistry A: States of Matter Packet Name: Hour: Page 2 Worksheet #1: States of Matter In this packet we will

More information

Name Class Date. Use the terms from the following list to complete the sentences below. Each term may be used only once. Some terms may not be used.

Name Class Date. Use the terms from the following list to complete the sentences below. Each term may be used only once. Some terms may not be used. Assessment Chapter Test B Elements, Compounds, and Mixtures USING KEY TERMS Use the terms from the following list to complete the sentences below. Each term may be used only once. Some terms may not be

More information

Chapter 2. States of Matter

Chapter 2. States of Matter Chapter 2 States of Matter 2-1 Matter Matter Matter Anything that takes up space and has mass. Is air matter? Yes. It takes up space and has mass. It has atoms. All matter is made up of atoms. ( Dalton

More information

Ch Kinetic Theory. 1.All matter is made of atoms and molecules that act like tiny particles.

Ch Kinetic Theory. 1.All matter is made of atoms and molecules that act like tiny particles. Ch. 15.1 Kinetic Theory 1.All matter is made of atoms and molecules that act like tiny particles. Kinetic Theory 2.These tiny particles are always in motion. The higher the temperature, the faster the

More information

1 Elements. TAKE A LOOK 2. Identify Look at the illustration, and identify one source of iron that comes to Earth from somewhere else.

1 Elements. TAKE A LOOK 2. Identify Look at the illustration, and identify one source of iron that comes to Earth from somewhere else. CHAPTER 5 1 Elements SECTION Elements, Compounds, and Mixtures BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What is an element? How do elements differ from

More information

Changes in Matter. Introduction to Chemistry

Changes in Matter. Introduction to Chemistry Changes in Matter Introduction to Chemistry Classifying Matter Matter: is anything that has mass and volume. Volume: the amount of space that something takes up Property: a characteristic of a material

More information

models (three-dimensional representation containing essential structure of

models (three-dimensional representation containing essential structure of Unit 2 Matter The universe consists of matter and energy. Chemistry is the branch of science the studies matter as well as the changes it undergoes and the energy changes that accompany such transformations.

More information

Matter and Its Properties. Unit 2

Matter and Its Properties. Unit 2 Matter and Its Properties Unit 2 Lesson 1: Physical & Chemical Properties & Changes Unit 2: Matter and Its Properties Section 1: Physical Properties & Change Lesson 1: Physical & Chemical Properties &

More information

Chapter 2: Properties of Matter Student Outline 2.1 Classifying Matter A. Pure Substances

Chapter 2: Properties of Matter Student Outline 2.1 Classifying Matter A. Pure Substances Name: Date: Physical Science Period: Chapter 2: Properties of Matter Student Outline GA Performance Standards SPS1. Students will investigate our current understanding of the atom. SPS2. Students will

More information

Review Topic 8: Phases of Matter and Mixtures

Review Topic 8: Phases of Matter and Mixtures Name: Score: 24 / 24 points (100%) Review Topic 8: Phases of Matter and Mixtures Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. C 1. Soda water is a solution

More information

The ability of a substance to be rolled. into wire The physical form of matter (solid, liquid, or gas)

The ability of a substance to be rolled. into wire The physical form of matter (solid, liquid, or gas) CHAPTER 2 2 Physical Properties SECTION The Properties of Matter BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What are physical properties of matter? What

More information

MATTER. Classifying Matter. Matter. Matter is ANYTHING that takes up space and has mass *even the air. Mixtures. Pure Substances

MATTER. Classifying Matter. Matter. Matter is ANYTHING that takes up space and has mass *even the air. Mixtures. Pure Substances MATTER Matter is ANYTHING that takes up space and has mass *even the air Classifying Matter varying composition has multiple properties Mixtures constant composition Matter substances has same properties

More information

What is a solution? 22.1

What is a solution? 22.1 22 22.1 How Solutions Form What is a solution? Solution= homogeneous mixture- same composition throughout Can be: liquids, gases and even solids Worlds Largest= Ocean Solute: is dissolved Solvent: does

More information

What is a change of state? What happens during a change of state? What can happen when a substance loses or gains energy?

What is a change of state? What happens during a change of state? What can happen when a substance loses or gains energy? CHAPTER 3 3 Changes of State SECTION States of Matter BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What is a change of state? What happens during a change

More information

Chem 1075 Chapter 13 Liquids and Solids Lecture Outline

Chem 1075 Chapter 13 Liquids and Solids Lecture Outline Chem 1075 Chapter 13 Liquids and Solids Lecture Outline Slide 2-3 Properties of Liquids Unlike gases, liquids respond dramatically to temperature and pressure changes. We can study the liquid state and

More information

CHAPTER 3: MATTER. Active Learning Questions: 1-6, 9, 13-14; End-of-Chapter Questions: 1-18, 20, 24-32, 38-42, 44, 49-52, 55-56, 61-64

CHAPTER 3: MATTER. Active Learning Questions: 1-6, 9, 13-14; End-of-Chapter Questions: 1-18, 20, 24-32, 38-42, 44, 49-52, 55-56, 61-64 CHAPTER 3: MATTER Active Learning Questions: 1-6, 9, 13-14; End-of-Chapter Questions: 1-18, 20, 24-32, 38-42, 44, 49-52, 55-56, 61-64 3.1 MATTER Matter: Anything that has mass and occupies volume We study

More information

Chapter 1: Matter, Energy, and the Origins of the Universe

Chapter 1: Matter, Energy, and the Origins of the Universe Chapter 1: Matter, Energy, and the Origins of the Universe Problems: 1.1-1.40, 1.43-1.98 science: study of nature that results in a logical explanation of the observations chemistry: study of matter, its

More information

Chapter 3. States of Matter

Chapter 3. States of Matter Chapter 3 States of Matter 1. Solid 2. Liquid 3. Gas States of Matter Two More (discuss later) Plasma Bose-Einstein condensate States of Matter Solid (definite shape and volume) Particles are tightly packed

More information

Chapter 1 and Sections

Chapter 1 and Sections Chapter 1 and Sections 3.1-3.3 Major Goals of Chapter 1: 1. Define the term chemistry. 2. Identify substances (matter) as chemicals. 3. Describe some physical and chemical properties of matter. 4. Describe

More information

PROPERTIES OF MIXTURES. A mixture is a combination of two or more substances that are not chemically combined

PROPERTIES OF MIXTURES. A mixture is a combination of two or more substances that are not chemically combined MIXTURES PROPERTIES OF MIXTURES A mixture is a combination of two or more substances that are not chemically combined PROPERTIES OF MIXTURES No Chemical Changes in a Mixture No chemical changes happen

More information

composition of matter, and the changes that matter undergoes. Examples of Uses of Chemistry in Everyday Life

composition of matter, and the changes that matter undergoes. Examples of Uses of Chemistry in Everyday Life Name Matter and Change: Unit Objective Study Guide Date Due Directions: Write your answers to the following questions in the space provided. For problem solving, all of the work leading up to the final

More information

2/22/2019 NEW UNIT! Chemical Interactions. Atomic Basics #19

2/22/2019 NEW UNIT! Chemical Interactions. Atomic Basics #19 NEW UNIT! Chemical Interactions Atomic Basics #19 1 Vocabulary: Matter: Anything that has mass and takes up space. Atom: the smallest particle of matter. Element: A pure substance made up of only one type

More information

Matter: Properties and Changes. Chapter 3.1: Properties of Matter

Matter: Properties and Changes. Chapter 3.1: Properties of Matter Matter: Properties and Changes Chapter 3.1: Properties of Matter Substances Review: Matter is anything that has mass and takes up space. Matter with uniform and unchanging composition is pure substance.

More information

Name Class Date. What is a change of state? What happens during a change of state? What can happen when a substance loses or gains energy?

Name Class Date. What is a change of state? What happens during a change of state? What can happen when a substance loses or gains energy? CHAPTER 2 3 Changes of State SECTION States of Matter BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What is a change of state? What happens during a change

More information

The Particulate Nature of Matter

The Particulate Nature of Matter Matter Objectives Learn about the composition of matter. Learn the difference between elements and compounds. Learn to distinguish between physical and chemical properties and changes. Learn to distinguish

More information

Physical Property. Critical Thinking

Physical Property. Critical Thinking CHAPTER 1 2 Physical Properties SECTION The Properties of Matter BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What are physical properties of matter? What

More information

substance, an element cannot be broken down any further. Each element has a different number of protons and unique set of properties.

substance, an element cannot be broken down any further. Each element has a different number of protons and unique set of properties. Element - The purest form of a substance, an element cannot be broken down any further. Each element has a different number of protons and unique set of properties. Physical Properties - Descriptions unique

More information

Name: 1. Which of the following is probably true about 300 ml of sand and 300 ml of water?

Name: 1. Which of the following is probably true about 300 ml of sand and 300 ml of water? Name: Jaguar Review #2 Physical Sciences Benchmark A: Relate uses, properties and chemical processes to the behavior and/or arrangement of the small particles that compose matter. 1. Which of the following

More information

Bell Ringer. What are the two types of mixtures? What is an element? What is a compound?

Bell Ringer. What are the two types of mixtures? What is an element? What is a compound? Bell Ringer What are the two types of mixtures? What is an element? What is a compound? MATTER Solids, Liquids, & Gases States of Matter & Kinetic Molecular Theory Kinetic Molecular Theory KMT Tiny, constantly

More information

Pure substances = matter that has the same composition throughout; any piece of a pure substance will have the same properties

Pure substances = matter that has the same composition throughout; any piece of a pure substance will have the same properties Ch. 2 - Properties of Matter Composition A putting together; combining of parts into a whole. Substances are either pure or mixtures. Pure substances = matter that has the same composition throughout;

More information

Physical and Chemical Changes & Properties of Matter

Physical and Chemical Changes & Properties of Matter Physical and Chemical Changes & Properties of Matter S8P1. Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information about the structure and properties of matter. 8P1CD Physical And Chemical Properties And Changes

More information

Dr. Ramy Y. Morjan. Figure 1. PDF created with pdffactory trial version Observations. Quantitative.

Dr. Ramy Y. Morjan. Figure 1. PDF created with pdffactory trial version  Observations. Quantitative. 1.1 What is Chemistry? Chemistry can be defined as the science that deals with the materials of the universe and the changes that these materials undergo and the energy associated with those changes. Chemistry

More information

Matter and Change. Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday. Textbook Activity. Meet in B122. Hw: pg 7 Hw: pg 4. Matter Review

Matter and Change. Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday. Textbook Activity. Meet in B122. Hw: pg 7 Hw: pg 4. Matter Review Matter and Change Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday SEPTEMBER 1 2 3 4 5 NO SCHOOL Matter & Change Classifying Matter Textbook Activity Meet in B122 Physical and Chemical Properties and Changes Indiana

More information

Name Date. Physical and Chemical Changes

Name Date. Physical and Chemical Changes Name Date Physical and Chemical Changes Physical Changes Physical Change: A change in which no new substances form Do not change the type of matter an object is made of You change the shape, size or more

More information

Anything occupying space and having mass. Matter exists in three states.

Anything occupying space and having mass. Matter exists in three states. Chapter 3 Matter Section 3.1 Matter Matter Anything occupying space and having mass. Matter exists in three states. Solid Liquid Gas Section 3.1 Matter The Three States of Water Section 3.1 Matter Solid

More information

Kinetic Theory. States of Matter. Thermal Energy. Four States of Matter. Kinetic Energy. Solid. Liquid. Definition: How particles in matter behave

Kinetic Theory. States of Matter. Thermal Energy. Four States of Matter. Kinetic Energy. Solid. Liquid. Definition: How particles in matter behave Kinetic Theory Definition: How particles in matter behave States of Matter All Matter is composed of small particles. Particles are in constant random motion. Particles collide with each other and walls

More information

WARM-UP. 1. What are the four states of matter? 2. What is melting point? 3. How does water change from a liquid to a gas? 4. Define viscosity.

WARM-UP. 1. What are the four states of matter? 2. What is melting point? 3. How does water change from a liquid to a gas? 4. Define viscosity. WARM-UP 1. What are the four states of matter? 2. What is melting point? 3. How does water change from a liquid to a gas? 4. Define viscosity. STATES OF MATTER: WEB QUEST With your lab partner, you will

More information

Properties of Matter

Properties of Matter Properties of Matter OBJECTIVES: Identify properties of matter as extensive or intensive. Define physical property, and list several common physical properties of substances. Differentiate among three

More information

Pure substances = matter that has the same composition throughout; any piece of a pure substance will have the same properties

Pure substances = matter that has the same composition throughout; any piece of a pure substance will have the same properties Ch. 2 - Properties of Matter Composition A putting together; combining of parts into a whole. Substances are either pure or mixtures. Pure substances = matter that has the same composition throughout;

More information

Density: The property that compares an object s mass to its volume. Mass is the measure of the amount of matter that makes up an object.

Density: The property that compares an object s mass to its volume. Mass is the measure of the amount of matter that makes up an object. Science Chapter 6: Matter Study Guide Lesson One: Properties of Matter A property is a characteristic of an object. You can identify properties of matter using your senses. Color, Size, Shape, Texture,

More information

Chem 161. Dr. Jasmine Bryant

Chem 161. Dr. Jasmine Bryant Chem 161 Dr. Jasmine Bryant Chapter 1: Matter, Energy, and the Origins of the Universe Problems: 1.1-1.10, 1.14-1.22, 1.24-1.93, 1.96 Science: study of nature that results in a logical explanation of the

More information

Matter. Anything that has mass and occupies space. Chemistry. is the study of matter and how it changes.

Matter. Anything that has mass and occupies space. Chemistry. is the study of matter and how it changes. Matter Chapter 2.1 Matter Anything that has mass and occupies space. Chemistry is the study of matter and how it changes. PLEASE KEEP YOUR HANDS IN THE BOAT AND PLEASE DON T FEED THE ANIMALS. Pure

More information

States of Matter. Solid. Liquid. Gas Plasma

States of Matter. Solid. Liquid. Gas Plasma States of Matter Solid Liquid Gas Plasma Your turn Write four (4) examples each for Solids, Liquids, and Gases. Try to use examples you have personally been in contact with How they relate Based on what

More information

MIXTURES, COMPOUNDS, & SOLUTIONS

MIXTURES, COMPOUNDS, & SOLUTIONS MIXTURES, COMPOUNDS, & SOLUTIONS As with elements, few compounds are found pure in nature and usually found as mixtures with other compounds. A mixture is a combination of two or more substances that are

More information

Foundations of Chemistry

Foundations of Chemistry Foundations of Chemistry Physical Properties Physical Properties As you read in Lesson 1, the arrangement of atoms determines whether matter is a substance or a mixture. The arrangement of atoms also determines

More information

States of Matter. Chemistry The Four States of Matter

States of Matter. Chemistry The Four States of Matter States of Matter Chemistry The Four States of Matter 1 What is matter? Any substance that has mass and takes up space. Brian Pop Video http://glencoe.mcgrawhill.com/sites/dl/free/0078600472/164155/0004468

More information

MATTER: CLASSIFICATION AND PROPERTIES

MATTER: CLASSIFICATION AND PROPERTIES MATTER: CLASSIFICATION AND PROPERTIES Chemistry: Is the science concerned with the properties, composition and behaviour of matter. Matter: Anything that has mass and occupies space. (volume) (Matter is

More information

Gases and States of Matter: Unit 8

Gases and States of Matter: Unit 8 Gases and States of Matter: Unit 8 States of Matter There are three states (also called phases) of matter. The picture represents the same chemical substance, just in different states. There are three

More information

What is Chemistry??? The study of the composition and structure of materials and the changes that material undergo

What is Chemistry??? The study of the composition and structure of materials and the changes that material undergo What is Chemistry??? The study of the composition and structure of materials and the changes that material undergo Chemistry Unit 1: Properties of Matter Mrs. White Matter What is it? Anything that has

More information

Section 3: Chemical Properties

Section 3: Chemical Properties Chapter 1 The Properties of Matter Section 1: What Is Matter? Section 2: Physical Properties Section 3: Chemical Properties Section 1 What Is Matter? Matter A Universe Full of Matter Matter is anything

More information

UNIT 2 PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

UNIT 2 PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL PROPERTIES UNIT 2 PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL PROPERTIES What Is Matter? How matter is made of Elements? What atoms make up? Theory Law and Hypothesis Physical and Chemical Changes Heterogenous and Homogenous Substances

More information

Changing States of Matter By Cindy Grigg

Changing States of Matter By Cindy Grigg By Cindy Grigg 1 On Earth, almost all matter exists in just three states. Matter is usually a solid, a liquid, or a gas. Plasma, the fourth state of matter, is rare on Earth. It sometimes can be found

More information

CHAPTER 2. Solid Liquid Gas (vapor) Matter and Change IDENTIFYING SUBSTANCES THE STATES OF MATTER INTENSIVE PROPERTY:

CHAPTER 2. Solid Liquid Gas (vapor) Matter and Change IDENTIFYING SUBSTANCES THE STATES OF MATTER INTENSIVE PROPERTY: CHAPTER 2 Matter and Change 2.1 PROPERTIES OF MATTER EXTENSIVE PROPERTY: Depends on the amount of matter in a sample Comparing the same substances. Diamonds to Diamonds INTENSIVE PROPERTY: Depends on the

More information