Chapter 22 States of matter. Section 1 matter Section 2 Changes of State

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Chapter 22 States of matter. Section 1 matter Section 2 Changes of State"

Transcription

1 Chapter 22 States of matter Section 1 matter Section 2 Changes of State

2 States of Matter is a physical property ***Matter is made of atoms Atoms form chemical bonds to make matter **** Atoms vibrate constantly

3 What are four different states of Matter?

4 The plasma state occurs at very high temperatures and is found in lightning, in stars. The Sun is plasma Plasma is found in the universe, but is not common on Earth. Plasma is found in neon lights

5 **Definition of Plasma** * gas consisting of positive ions and free electrons. It is possible for a substance to turn into plasma typically at low pressures (as in the upper atmosphere) or at very high temperatures (as in stars and the sun).

6 Can water turn into the plasma state of matter? Plasma of water means that you will have free electrons, water vapor positive ions (H2O+), and also other positive ions like OH+, O+, and H+ To create such conditions you will have to heat the water to at least degrees C

7 **To understand the states of matter we need to review: Temperature measures the average kinetic energy of the molecules of an object basically how fast the molecules are moving Thermal energy is the total energy of the molecules in a substance. It is a type of kinetic energy because it depends on the movement of molecules. If the molecules move faster, they have more thermal energy. Heat the movement of thermal energy from one object to another. (in which direction does heat flow?)

8 1) How close are the molecules in the solid? 2) What will happen to the molecules if I add heat to the system? 3) What happens if I add even more heat?? 4) what is the conclusion we reach about the effect of heat on state of matter????

9 **** Heat and state of matter The addition of heat to a substance increases the speed of the atoms and molecules, which will eventually alter the substances state of matter. Removing heat from a substance decreases the speed of the atoms and molecules, which can also alter the state of matter.

10 **States of Matter Solids Liquids Gases Plasma Video Lesson and Example Education Portal MadsenScience What is plasma? UM News Service

11 Work due tom Read the textbook Chapter 22 section 1 Make a chart with the states of matter Include: a) definition of a solid, a liquid or a gas b) the properties of each state of matter what shape they can assume, how much the vibrate, if they have shape, they are rigid or not c) a drawing that compares all 3 states of matter

12 States of Matter Check your chart Movement of the atoms and molecules increase from left to right. The atoms and molecules of a gas will spread, occupy the volume of the whole container

13 States of Matter - Comparison What happens to the space in between the atoms?????? Why? The space increases from left to right.

14 Solids: can be crystalline solids or not Comparison of an amorphous(a) and a crystalline (b) structure Random arrangement Repeating pattern

15 Textbook page 656: Self check questions 1 thru 4.

16 Class Lab: Graphing the changes in the states of matter of distilled water Add def of melting point and boiling point.

17 NOTES Class Lab: Graphing the changes in the states of matter of distilled water Volunteers will help measure the temperature of crushed ice in a beaker, under a source of heat, which will melt into a liquid and will evaporate into a solid. Students will understand how heat affects state of matter All students will record the values and build a table and a graph. Students will observe that the graph has platforms, in which the state of matter id changing, but the temperature is constant. This means that the energy given to the system is being used in the change of state and not to increase the temperature of the substance

18 *The state of matter of a substance depends on: a) the temperature and the pressure being applied to the substance, which will determine the motion of its atoms and molecules b) the strength of the attraction between the atoms

19 **Effect of temperature

20 ** Def of Pressure Pressure is force exerted on a surface per unit area.

21 Effect of pressure

22 Effect of Pressure and Temperature You can change gas into a liquid or a solid using pressure or temperature. Sometimes you need both! oxygen will solidify at -218 Celsius at a normal atmospheric pressure. If you increase the atmospheric pressure, oxygen will solidify at a higher temperature.

23 Physical Properties Melting point and boiling point are physical properties What is melting point and boiling point?

24 Physical Properties *Melting point is the temperature at which a solid becomes a liquid *Boiling point is the temperature at which a substance in the liquid state becomes a gas.

25 ****Each pure substance has a unique boiling point and melting point at a certain atmospheric pressure. *That is why the boiling and melting point can help to identify a substance. * If you know the boiling points and melting points of substances, you can classify the substances based on those properties. EX????

26 Examples What is the substance that boils at 100 degrees Celsius? WATER!!!!!

27 Change in Physical State Diagram. Complete the diagram below using the following terms: condensation, sublimation, freezing, melting, deposition, evaporation. Add arrows from one state of matter to another and write the name change in state

28 Check your work

29 Deposition is a thermodynamic process, a phase transition in which gas transforms into solid without passing through the liquid phase. The reverse of deposition is sublimation and hence sometimes deposition is called desublimation.

30 Labs 1) The effect of solutes on the freezing point of water ( homework) 2) Graphing the changes in states of matter ( handout)

Kinetic Theory of Matter

Kinetic Theory of Matter 1 Temperature and Thermal Energy Kinetic Theory of Matter The motion of the particles in matter is described by kinetic theory of matter. Matter is composed of particles that are atoms, molecules, or ions

More information

4 Discuss and evaluate the 5th state of matter. 3 - Differentiate among the four states of matter in terms of energy,

4 Discuss and evaluate the 5th state of matter. 3 - Differentiate among the four states of matter in terms of energy, Goal: Differentiate among the four states of matter in terms of energy, particle motion, and phase transitions. 4 States of Mater Sections 3.1, 3.2 4 Discuss and evaluate the 5 th state of matter. 3 -

More information

WARM-UP. 1. What are the four states of matter? 2. What is melting point? 3. How does water change from a liquid to a gas? 4. Define viscosity.

WARM-UP. 1. What are the four states of matter? 2. What is melting point? 3. How does water change from a liquid to a gas? 4. Define viscosity. WARM-UP 1. What are the four states of matter? 2. What is melting point? 3. How does water change from a liquid to a gas? 4. Define viscosity. STATES OF MATTER: WEB QUEST With your lab partner, you will

More information

Solids (cont.) Describe the movement of particles in a solid and the forces between them.

Solids (cont.) Describe the movement of particles in a solid and the forces between them. Solids A solid is matter that has a definite shape and a definite volume. The attractive forces between the particles in a solid are strong and pull them close together. Solids (cont.) Describe the movement

More information

The physical state of a substance can be changed by increasing or decreasing its temperature.

The physical state of a substance can be changed by increasing or decreasing its temperature. Chemistry Lecture #63: Changes of State The physical state of a substance can be changed by increasing or decreasing its temperature. For example, a solid substance can be converted into a liquid by heating

More information

Physical Science Exam 3 Study Guide. Dr. Karoline Rostamiani. Chapter 3

Physical Science Exam 3 Study Guide. Dr. Karoline Rostamiani. Chapter 3 Chapter 3 Section 1 States of Matter What is matter made of? What are the three most common states of matter? How do particles behave in each state of matter? Solids, Liquids, and Gases Materials can be

More information

The Can Demonstration

The Can Demonstration The Can Demonstration With your table, make a prediction as to what will happen to the can. Discuss why you think that the can imploded. What are some reasons? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xg5niowf_zw&t=28s

More information

Chapter 14 9/21/15. Solids, Liquids & Gasses. Essential Questions! Kinetic Theory! Gas State! Gas State!

Chapter 14 9/21/15. Solids, Liquids & Gasses. Essential Questions! Kinetic Theory! Gas State! Gas State! Chapter 14 Solids, Liquids & Gasses Essential Questions What is the kinetic theory of matter? How do particles move in the different states of matter? How do particles behave at the boiling and melting

More information

Solids, Liquids, and Gases. Chapter 14

Solids, Liquids, and Gases. Chapter 14 Solids, Liquids, and Gases Chapter 14 Matter & Thermal Energy Matter can exist as a solid, a liquid, a gas or a plasma. The Molecular Kinetic Theory of Matter explains their differences and how they can

More information

THE PHASES OF MATTER. Solid: holds its shape and does not flow. The molecules in a solid vibrate in place, but on average, don t move very far.

THE PHASES OF MATTER. Solid: holds its shape and does not flow. The molecules in a solid vibrate in place, but on average, don t move very far. THE QUESTIONS What are the phases of matter? What makes these phases different from each other? What is the difference between melting, freezing, boiling and condensation? How do you interpret a Temperature

More information

Unit 1 Lesson 6 Changes of State. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 1 Lesson 6 Changes of State. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company The Fact of the Matter What happens when matter changes state? The three most familiar states of matter are solid, liquid, and gas. A change of state is the change of a substance from one physical form

More information

Chapter 8. Chapter 8. Preview. Bellringer. Chapter 8. Particles of Matter. Objectives. Chapter 8. Particles of Matter, continued

Chapter 8. Chapter 8. Preview. Bellringer. Chapter 8. Particles of Matter. Objectives. Chapter 8. Particles of Matter, continued States of Matter Preview Bellringer Section 2 Behavior of Gases In the kitchen, you might find three different forms of water. What are these three forms of water, and where exactly in the kitchen would

More information

Matter & Energy. Objectives: properties and structures of the different states of matter.

Matter & Energy. Objectives: properties and structures of the different states of matter. Matter & Energy Objectives: 1. Use the kinetic theory to describe the properties and structures of the different states of matter. 2. Describe energy transfers involved in changes of state. 3. Describe

More information

Lesson 02: Physical Properties of Matter. 01 Matter

Lesson 02: Physical Properties of Matter. 01 Matter Chemistry 11, Physical Properties, Unit 02 1 Lesson 02: Physical Properties of Matter 01 Matter Almost everything in the universe is made of matter matter has volume matter has mass matter is made up of

More information

Chapter 3. Preview. Section 1 Three States of Matter. Section 2 Behavior of Gases. Section 3 Changes of State. States of Matter.

Chapter 3. Preview. Section 1 Three States of Matter. Section 2 Behavior of Gases. Section 3 Changes of State. States of Matter. States of Matter Preview Section 1 Three States of Matter Section 2 Behavior of Gases Section 3 Changes of State Concept Mapping Section 1 Three States of Matter Bellringer In the kitchen, you might find

More information

Quiz Review Topical Questions

Quiz Review Topical Questions Quiz Review Topical Questions Kinetic Theory of Matter Expansion and Contraction Solids, Liquids, Gases States of Matter Phase Changes Distillation Water Properties Kinetic Theory 1. The kinetic theory

More information

Name: Block: Date: Student Notes. OBJECTIVE Students will investigate the relationship between temperature and the change of the state of matter.

Name: Block: Date: Student Notes. OBJECTIVE Students will investigate the relationship between temperature and the change of the state of matter. Name: Block: Date: LCPS Core Experience Heat Transfer Student Notes OBJECTIVE Students will investigate the relationship between temperature and the change of the state of matter. LINK 1. Particles in

More information

Name Date Class THE NATURE OF GASES

Name Date Class THE NATURE OF GASES 13.1 THE NATURE OF GASES Section Review Objectives Describe the assumptions of the kinetic theory as it applies to gases Interpret gas pressure in terms of kinetic theory Define the relationship between

More information

States of Matter. Essential Question: How does the movement of atoms and molecules relate to matter s different phases?

States of Matter. Essential Question: How does the movement of atoms and molecules relate to matter s different phases? States of Matter Essential Question: How does the movement of atoms and molecules relate to matter s different phases? These notes come from pages 60 to 73 in your Physical Science Textbook All Matter

More information

Name: Class: Date: Figure 3-1

Name: Class: Date: Figure 3-1 Name: Class: Date: Chapter 3 test Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. A gas has a. a definite volume but no definite shape. b. a definite shape

More information

Changing States of Matter By Cindy Grigg

Changing States of Matter By Cindy Grigg By Cindy Grigg 1 On Earth, almost all matter exists in just three states. Matter is usually a solid, a liquid, or a gas. Plasma, the fourth state of matter, is rare on Earth. It sometimes can be found

More information

Chapter: Heat and States

Chapter: Heat and States Table of Contents Chapter: Heat and States of Matter Section 1: Temperature and Thermal Energy Section 2: States of Matter Section 3: Transferring Thermal Energy Section 4: Using Thermal Energy 1 Temperature

More information

3. In what state do the following exist at room temperature and standard pressure? a) Diamond c) Mercury e) Oxygen b) Clay d) Cooking oil f) Neon

3. In what state do the following exist at room temperature and standard pressure? a) Diamond c) Mercury e) Oxygen b) Clay d) Cooking oil f) Neon CH30S Physical Properties & Change Review 1. Explain why the melting of ice is a physical change, while the rusting of iron is a chemical change. 2. List 4 physical properties of an iron nail. 3. In what

More information

Most substances can be in three states: solid, liquid, and gas.

Most substances can be in three states: solid, liquid, and gas. States of Matter Most substances can be in three states: solid, liquid, and gas. Solid Particles Have Fixed Positions The particles in a solid are very close together and have an orderly, fixed arrangement.

More information

Everything in the universe can be classified as either matter or energy. Kinetic Energy Theory: All particles of matter are in constant motion.

Everything in the universe can be classified as either matter or energy. Kinetic Energy Theory: All particles of matter are in constant motion. Physical Science Everything in the universe can be classified as either matter or energy. Kinetic Energy Theory: All particles of matter are in constant motion. State of Matter Bose- Einstein Condensate

More information

MINI quiz Review: 1) All matter is made up of. 2) All particles in a substance are the same. 3) There is between the particles.

MINI quiz Review: 1) All matter is made up of. 2) All particles in a substance are the same. 3) There is between the particles. MINI quiz Review: 1) All matter is made up of. 2) All particles in a substance are the same. 3) There is between the particles. 4) The particles are always. 5) The particles in a substance are to one another.

More information

STATES OF MATTER. The Four States of Ma/er. Four States. Solid Liquid Gas Plasma

STATES OF MATTER. The Four States of Ma/er. Four States. Solid Liquid Gas Plasma STATES OF MATTER The Four States of Ma/er Solid Liquid Gas Plasma Four States STATES OF MATTER Ø What makes a substance a par:cular state of ma

More information

States of Matter. What physical changes and energy changes occur as matter goes from one state to another?

States of Matter. What physical changes and energy changes occur as matter goes from one state to another? Name States of Matter Date What physical changes and energy changes occur as matter goes from one state to another? Before You Read Before you read the chapter, think about what you know about states of

More information

SG 4 Elements and Chemical Bonds 5 States of Matter

SG 4 Elements and Chemical Bonds 5 States of Matter Name Date Period SG 4 Elements and Chemical Bonds 5 States of Matter 4.1 Electrons and Energy Levels Directions: On the line before each definition, write the term that matches it correctly. Each term

More information

When liquid water crystallizes it has six sides. Create a snowflake with six sides.

When liquid water crystallizes it has six sides. Create a snowflake with six sides. When liquid water crystallizes it has six sides. Create a snowflake with six sides. Purpose: To create a supersaturated solution and observe the crystal lattice of borax snowflakes. The state of matter

More information

Section 16.3 Phase Changes

Section 16.3 Phase Changes Section 16.3 Phase Changes Solid Liquid Gas 3 Phases of Matter Density of Matter How packed matter is (The amount of matter in a given space) Solid: Liquid: Gas: High Density Medium Density Low Density

More information

PRACTICE TEST Topic 5: Heating, Cooling, and Phase Diagrams

PRACTICE TEST Topic 5: Heating, Cooling, and Phase Diagrams PRACTICE TEST Topic 5: Heating, Cooling, and Phase Diagrams Directions: Use the heating graph below to answer the following questions. Known Melting Point Data Name of Chemical Lauric Acid Naphthalene

More information

Matter. Gas. Solid Liquid. Both shape and volume are not fixed. It has a fixed shape and a fixed volume.

Matter. Gas. Solid Liquid. Both shape and volume are not fixed. It has a fixed shape and a fixed volume. Matter Solid Liquid Gas It has a fixed shape and a fixed volume. It does not have a fixed shape, but it does have a fixed volume. Both shape and volume are not fixed. Felix Yung and John Polias 1 Matter

More information

Phase Change: solid to liquid. Melting

Phase Change: solid to liquid. Melting Phase Change: solid to liquid Melting Most solids shrink in size when frozen. What substance is an exception and actually expands? water Use the phase diagram below to answer the following question. What

More information

solid IMF>liquid IMF>gas IMF Draw a diagram to represent the 3 common states of matter of a given substance: solid liquid gas

solid IMF>liquid IMF>gas IMF Draw a diagram to represent the 3 common states of matter of a given substance: solid liquid gas Thermochemistry Part 1 Notes States of Matter and Intermolecular Forces (IMF) Chemistry HP At the end of this unit, students should be able to: Describe the various states of matter in terms of kinetic

More information

Matter changes phase when energy is added or removed

Matter changes phase when energy is added or removed Section 12.4 Phase Changes Explain how the addition and removal of energy can cause a phase change. Interpret a phase diagram. Matter changes phase when energy is added or removed Energy Changes Accompanying

More information

Matter. Energy- which is a property of matter!! Matter: anything that takes up space and has mass

Matter. Energy- which is a property of matter!! Matter: anything that takes up space and has mass Matter Matter: anything that takes up space and has mass Can you think of anything that is not made of matter? Energy- which is a property of matter!! Matter is made up of moving particles! Instead of

More information

Changes of State. Substances in equilibrium change back and forth between states at equal speeds. Main Idea

Changes of State. Substances in equilibrium change back and forth between states at equal speeds. Main Idea Section 4 s Substances in equilibrium change back and forth between states at equal speeds. A liquid boils when it has absorbed enough energy to evaporate. Freezing occurs when a substance loses enough

More information

Chapter 3. States of Matter

Chapter 3. States of Matter Chapter 3 States of Matter 1. Solid 2. Liquid 3. Gas States of Matter Two More (discuss later) Plasma Bose-Einstein condensate States of Matter Solid (definite shape and volume) Particles are tightly packed

More information

TEACHER NOTES: ICE CUBE POSTER

TEACHER NOTES: ICE CUBE POSTER TEACHER NOTES: NATIONAL CURRICULUM LINKS THE PARTICULATE NATURE OF MATTER the properties of the different states of matter (solid, liquid and gas) in terms of the particle model, including gas pressure

More information

STATES OF MATTER. Chapter 3

STATES OF MATTER. Chapter 3 STATES OF MATTER Chapter 3 Labs done so far for ch. 3 sections 1 and 2: 1. Distilled wood and related read of temperatures with plateaus for substances produced 2. Distilling solution X (BP/CP evaporation/condensation)

More information

WELCOME TO PERIOD 5: THERMAL ENERGY, THE MICROSCOPIC PICTURE. Homework #4 is due today at the beginning of class.

WELCOME TO PERIOD 5: THERMAL ENERGY, THE MICROSCOPIC PICTURE. Homework #4 is due today at the beginning of class. WELCOME TO PERIOD 5: THERMAL ENERGY, THE MICROSCOPIC PICTURE Homework #4 is due today at the beginning of class. PHYSICS 1104 PERIOD 5 How are temperatures measured? How do atoms and molecules act at different

More information

Chemistry Day 5. Friday, August 31 st Tuesday, September 4 th, 2018

Chemistry Day 5. Friday, August 31 st Tuesday, September 4 th, 2018 Chemistry Day 5 Friday, August 31 st Tuesday, September 4 th, 2018 Do-Now Title: BrainPOP: States of Matter 1. Write down today s FLT 2. List two examples of gases 3. List two examples of things that are

More information

The Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

The Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) The Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) CHAPTER 2, LESSON 1 HEAT, TEMPERATURE, AND CONDUCTION MS-PS1-4. Develop a model that predicts and describes changes in particle motion, temperature, and state

More information

Name Energy Test period Date

Name Energy Test period Date Name Energy Test period Date 1. The temperature 30. K expressed in degrees Celsius is 1) 243ºC 2) 243ºC 3) 303ºC 4) 303ºC 2. The potential energy diagram for a chemical reaction is shown below. 4. A sample

More information

States of Matter Unit

States of Matter Unit Learning Target Notes Section 1: Matter and Energy What makes up matter? Matter is made of atoms and molecules that are in constant motion. Kinetic Theory of Matter A. Particles that make up matter are

More information

Matter and Energy. What is matter? Properties of Matter 9/15/15. EQ: How do I describe and classify matter? EQ: How do I describe and classify matter?

Matter and Energy. What is matter? Properties of Matter 9/15/15. EQ: How do I describe and classify matter? EQ: How do I describe and classify matter? Matter and Energy Pt. 1 Properties of Matter What is matter? ± Material that makes up the universe is called matter 2 Properties of Matter 1. Has mass 2. Occupies space (has volume) 1 4 Phases of Matter

More information

Term Info Picture. Anything that has mass and takes up space; everything is made of matter.

Term Info Picture. Anything that has mass and takes up space; everything is made of matter. Characteristics, Changes, and States of Matter S8P1. Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information about the structure and properties of matter. B. Develop and use models to describe the movement of particles

More information

Matter: Properties & Change

Matter: Properties & Change Matter: Properties & Change Essential Vocabulary 6.P.2.1 Recognize that all matter is made up of atoms and atoms of the same element are all alike, but are different from the atoms of other elements. 6.P.2.2

More information

Matter and Its Changes

Matter and Its Changes Matter and Its Changes Matter: anything that has mass and occupies space (has volume) anything that has inertia and requires a force to start or stop it from moving Observation: gathering information using

More information

Name Date Class STATES OF MATTER

Name Date Class STATES OF MATTER 13 STATES OF MATTER Chapter Test A A. Matching Match each description in Column B with the correct term in Column A. Write the letter of the correct description on the line. Column A Column B 1. amorphous

More information

Liquids & Solids: Section 12.3

Liquids & Solids: Section 12.3 Liquids & Solids: Section 12.3 MAIN IDEA: The particles in and have a range of motion and are not easily. Why is it more difficult to pour syrup that is stored in the refrigerator than in the cabinet?

More information

Section 2: Changes of State (p. 68) 20 HOLT SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Section 2: Changes of State (p. 68) 20 HOLT SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Plasmas (p. 67) 24. More than 99 percent of the known matter in the universe is in the plasma state. 25. Plasmas are made up of particles that have broken apart. 26. Plasmas have a definite shape and volume.

More information

How Does the Sun s Energy Cause Rain?

How Does the Sun s Energy Cause Rain? 1.2 Investigate 3.3 Read How Does the Sun s Energy Cause Rain? In the water-cycle simulation, you observed water change from a liquid to a gas, and then back to a liquid falling to the bottom of the container.

More information

Name Date Class STATES OF MATTER. Match the correct state of matter with each description of water by writing a letter on each line.

Name Date Class STATES OF MATTER. Match the correct state of matter with each description of water by writing a letter on each line. 10 STATES OF MATTER SECTION 10.1 THE NATURE OF GASES (pages 267 272) This section describes how the kinetic theory applies to gases. It defines gas pressure and explains how temperature is related to the

More information

Lesson 2 Changes in State

Lesson 2 Changes in State Lesson 2 Changes in State Student Labs and Activities Page Launch Lab 25 Content Vocabulary 26 Lesson Outline 27 MiniLab 29 Content Practice A 30 Content Practice B 31 Language Arts Support 32 School to

More information

CHAPTER 4 - STATES OF MATTER. Mr. Polard Physical Science Ingomar Middle School

CHAPTER 4 - STATES OF MATTER. Mr. Polard Physical Science Ingomar Middle School CHAPTER 4 - STATES OF MATTER Mr. Polard Physical Science Ingomar Middle School SECTION 1 MATTER VOCABULARY SECTION 1 Matter : anything that takes up space and has mass (pg 72, 102) Solid : Matter with

More information

Chemistry Review Unit 5 Physical Behavior of Matter

Chemistry Review Unit 5 Physical Behavior of Matter Chemistry Review Phases of Matter, Changes of Phase, Substances, Mixtures, Solutions, Effect of Solute on Solution, Energy, Kinetics of Solids, Liquids and Gases Matter, Phases and Gas Laws 1. Matter is

More information

Physical Science Chapter 5 Cont3. Temperature & Heat

Physical Science Chapter 5 Cont3. Temperature & Heat Physical Science Chapter 5 Cont3 Temperature & Heat What are we going to study? Heat Transfer Phases of Matter The Kinetic Theory of Gases Thermodynamics Specific Heat (Capacity) Specific Heat Latent Heat

More information

Chemistry A: States of Matter Packet Name: Hour: Page!1. Chemistry A States of Matter Packet

Chemistry A: States of Matter Packet Name: Hour: Page!1. Chemistry A States of Matter Packet Chemistry A: States of Matter Packet Name: Hour: Page!1 Chemistry A States of Matter Packet Chemistry A: States of Matter Packet Name: Hour: Page!2 Worksheet #1: States of Matter In this packet we will

More information

1) Of solids, liquids, and gases, the common state of matter is the liquid state.

1) Of solids, liquids, and gases, the common state of matter is the liquid state. I. Properties of LIQUIDS: 1) Of solids, liquids, and gases, the common state of matter is the liquid state. a) can exist only within a relatively narrow range of temperature and pressure. 2) The kinetic-molecular

More information

NOTES: States of Matter & Phase Changes

NOTES: States of Matter & Phase Changes LAST NAME FIRST NAME Date Period NOTES: States of Matter & Phase Changes MAS = 9-10 (+ none missing) ADV = 7-8 (+ none missing) MTS = 5-6 APP = 3-4 BEG = 0-2 0 = No completion or does not show any understanding

More information

STATES OF MATTER STATES OF MATTER. The Four States of Matter 3/5/2015. Solid. Liquid Commonly found on Gas Earth Plasma

STATES OF MATTER STATES OF MATTER. The Four States of Matter 3/5/2015. Solid. Liquid Commonly found on Gas Earth Plasma Unit 10: States of Matter Lesson 10.1: States and Their Changes (Review) STATES OF MATTER The Four States of Matter Solid } Liquid Commonly found on Gas Earth Plasma STATES OF MATTER Based upon particle

More information

STATES OF MATTER STATES OF MATTER. The Four States of Matter 3/5/2015

STATES OF MATTER STATES OF MATTER. The Four States of Matter 3/5/2015 The Four States of Matter Unit 10: States of Matter Lesson 10.1: States and Their Changes (Review) Solid } Liquid Commonly found on Gas Earth Plasma Based upon particle arrangement Based upon energy of

More information

CHAPTER 3 ATOMS ATOMS MATTER 10/17/2016. Matter- Anything that takes up space (volume) and has mass. Atom- basic unit of matter.

CHAPTER 3 ATOMS ATOMS MATTER 10/17/2016. Matter- Anything that takes up space (volume) and has mass. Atom- basic unit of matter. CHAPTER 3 MATTER Matter- Anything that takes up space (volume) and has mass. Matter Combining Matter States of Matter Atom- basic unit of matter. Subatomic particles- protons, neutrons, and electrons.

More information

2. THE STATES OF MATTER

2. THE STATES OF MATTER 2. THE STATES OF MATTER 2.1. THE THREE STATES OF MATTER Every substance can take on several distinct forms called phases or states of aggregation of matter. Four states of matter are observable in everyday

More information

AlCl3(aq) + 3 NaOH(aq) Al(OH)3(s) + 3 NaCl(aq)

AlCl3(aq) + 3 NaOH(aq) Al(OH)3(s) + 3 NaCl(aq) 1. Under which conditions does a real gas behave most like an ideal gas? A) at low temperatures and high pressures B) at low temperatures and low pressures C) at high temperatures and high pressures D)

More information

CHEMISTRY LTF DIAGNOSTIC TEST STATES OF MATTER TEST CODE:

CHEMISTRY LTF DIAGNOSTIC TEST STATES OF MATTER TEST CODE: Chemsitry States of Matter Multiple Choice 017074 CHEMISTRY LTF DIAGNOSTIC TEST STATES OF MATTER TEST CODE: 017074 Directions: Each group of questions below consists of five lettered answers followed by

More information

Chapter Review USING VOCABULARY UNDERSTANDING CONCEPTS. Skills Worksheet

Chapter Review USING VOCABULARY UNDERSTANDING CONCEPTS. Skills Worksheet Skills Worksheet Chapter Review USING VOCABULARY 1. Academic Vocabulary Which of the following words means a set of steps or events? a. reaction b. process c. principle d. role For each pair of terms,

More information

States of Matter. Changes in State

States of Matter. Changes in State CHAPTER 8 States of Matter LESSON 2 Changes in State What do you think? Read the two statements below and decide whether you agree or disagree with them. Place an A in the Before column if you agree with

More information

Do Now Monday, January 23, 201

Do Now Monday, January 23, 201 Do Now Monday, January 23, 201 What do you recall about states of matter? Write your answer using complete sentences. 3.5 minutes Do Now Check By the end of the day today, IWBAT Describe the various states

More information

q = m. C p. T q = heat (Joules) m = mass (g) C p = specific heat (J/g.o C) T = change in temp. ( o C) UNIT 11 - SOLIDS, LIQUIDS, & PHASE CHANGES

q = m. C p. T q = heat (Joules) m = mass (g) C p = specific heat (J/g.o C) T = change in temp. ( o C) UNIT 11 - SOLIDS, LIQUIDS, & PHASE CHANGES HEAT ENERGY NOTES UNIT 11 - SOLIDS, LIQUIDS, & PHASE CHANGES SECTION (A): same temp or change? SECTION (B): same temp or change? temp is called the energy difference at same temp = SECTION (C): same temp

More information

The States of Matter

The States of Matter The States of Matter AZ State Standards Concept 1: Structure and Properties of Matter Understand physical, chemical, and atomic properties of matter. PO 1. Describe substances based on their physical properties.

More information

relatively narrow range of temperature and pressure.

relatively narrow range of temperature and pressure. 1) Of solids, liquids, and gases, the least common state of matter is the liquid state. a) Liquids can exist only within a relatively narrow range of temperature and pressure. 2) The kinetic-molecular

More information

Chem 1075 Chapter 13 Liquids and Solids Lecture Outline

Chem 1075 Chapter 13 Liquids and Solids Lecture Outline Chem 1075 Chapter 13 Liquids and Solids Lecture Outline Slide 2-3 Properties of Liquids Unlike gases, liquids respond dramatically to temperature and pressure changes. We can study the liquid state and

More information

Unit 3: States of Matter, Heat and Gas Laws

Unit 3: States of Matter, Heat and Gas Laws Unit 3 - Stevens 1 Unit 3: States of Matter, Heat and Gas Laws Vocabulary: Solid Term Definition Example Liquid Gas No definite shape, but definite volume; Particles close together, but can move around

More information

Chapter 2. States of Matter

Chapter 2. States of Matter Chapter 2 States of Matter 2-1 Matter Matter Matter Anything that takes up space and has mass. Is air matter? Yes. It takes up space and has mass. It has atoms. All matter is made up of atoms. ( Dalton

More information

Conceptual Chemistry

Conceptual Chemistry Conceptual Chemistry Objective 1 Describe, at the molecular level, the difference between a gas, liquid, and solid phase. Solids Definite shape Definite volume Particles are vibrating and packed close

More information

NAME DATE CLASS TEST DATE:

NAME DATE CLASS TEST DATE: 1 TEST DATE: 2 Vocabulary Chapter 8 Solids, liquids, and gases Condensation Crystals Evaporation Heat of fusion Heat of vaporization Kinetic theory of matter Plasma States of matter Thermal expansion Chapter

More information

INTRODUCTION TO LESSON CLUSTER 7

INTRODUCTION TO LESSON CLUSTER 7 INTRODUCTION TO LESSON CLUSTER 7 EXPLAINING MELTING AND SOLIDIFYING A. Lesson Cluster Goals and Lesson Objectives Goals Students should be able to explain melting and solidifying, by reference to the molecular

More information

Name: Regents Chemistry: Mr. Palermo. Notes: Unit 7 Heat.

Name: Regents Chemistry: Mr. Palermo. Notes: Unit 7 Heat. Name: Regents Chemistry: Mr. Palermo Notes: Unit 7 Heat 1 Name: KEY IDEAS Heat is a transfer of energy (usually thermal energy) from a body of higher temperature to a body of lower temperature. Thermal

More information

Chapter: States of Matter

Chapter: States of Matter Table of Contents Chapter: States of Matter Section 1: Matter Section 2: Changes of State Section 3: Behavior of Fluids 1 What is matter? Matter is anything that takes up space and has mass. Matter Matter

More information

Practice Packet Unit 3: Phase Changes & Heat

Practice Packet Unit 3: Phase Changes & Heat Regents Chemistry: Practice Packet Unit 3: Phase Changes & Heat Name: Assess Yourself: Lesson 1: Lesson 2: Lesson 3: Lesson 4: Vocab: 1 Review (Things you need to know in order to understand the new stuff

More information

PHASE CHANGE. Freezing Sublimation

PHASE CHANGE. Freezing Sublimation Melting Graphic Organizer Deposition PHASE CHANGE Freezing Sublimation Boiling Evaporation Condensation PHASE CHANGE Phase change happens as the temperature changes. All matter can move from one state

More information

A).5 atm B) 1 atm C) 1.5 atm D) 2 atm E) it is impossible to tell

A).5 atm B) 1 atm C) 1.5 atm D) 2 atm E) it is impossible to tell 1. ne atmosphere is equivalent to A) 1.00 g ml 1 B) 22,400 ml ) 273 K D) 760. mmhg E) 298 K 2. A cylinder contains 2.50 L of air at a pressure of 5.00 atmospheres. At what volume, will the air exert a

More information

Matter, Atoms & Molecules

Matter, Atoms & Molecules Matter, Atoms & Molecules Matter is anything that has mass and takes up space. All matter is made of tiny particles called atoms, which are too small to see with the naked eye. Matter Matter is anything

More information

When liquid water crystallizes it has six sides. Create a snowflake with six sides.

When liquid water crystallizes it has six sides. Create a snowflake with six sides. When liquid water crystallizes it has six sides. Create a snowflake with six sides. Purpose: To create a supersaturated solution and observe the crystal lattice of borax snowflakes. The state of matter

More information

Distillation & Pressure. States of Matter. Kinetic Theory. Phase Change H2O & D=M/V

Distillation & Pressure. States of Matter. Kinetic Theory. Phase Change H2O & D=M/V Kinetic Theory States of Matter Phase Change Distillation & Pressure H2O & D=M/V 100 100 100 100 100 200 200 200 200 200 300 300 300 300 300 400 400 400 400 400 500 500 500 500 500 Question 1-100 When

More information

THE PARTICLE MODEL AND PROPERTIES OF THE GASES, LIQUIDS AND SOLIDS. STATES CHANGES

THE PARTICLE MODEL AND PROPERTIES OF THE GASES, LIQUIDS AND SOLIDS. STATES CHANGES THE PARTICLE MODEL AND PROPERTIES OF THE GASES, LIQUIDS AND SOLIDS. STATES CHANGES The particle model of a gas A gas has no fixed shape or volume, but always spreads out to fill any container. There are

More information

Vocabulary. Pressure Absolute zero Charles Law Boyle s Law (take a moment to look up and record definitions in your notes)

Vocabulary. Pressure Absolute zero Charles Law Boyle s Law (take a moment to look up and record definitions in your notes) The Gas Laws Vocabulary Pressure Absolute zero Charles Law Boyle s Law (take a moment to look up and record definitions in your notes) Key Concepts What causes gas pressure in a closed container? What

More information

Liquids and Intermolecular Forces. Course Learning Outcomes for Unit I. Reading Assignment. Unit Lesson UNIT I STUDY GUIDE

Liquids and Intermolecular Forces. Course Learning Outcomes for Unit I. Reading Assignment. Unit Lesson UNIT I STUDY GUIDE UNIT I STUDY GUIDE Liquids and Intermolecular Forces Course Learning Outcomes for Unit I Upon completion of this unit, students should be able to: 1. Identify the intermolecular attractive interactions

More information

S8P1C. STATES OF MATTER E.Q. WHAT ARE THE STATES OF MATTER? WHAT ARE THE CHARACTERISTICS OF EACH STATE OF MATTER?

S8P1C. STATES OF MATTER E.Q. WHAT ARE THE STATES OF MATTER? WHAT ARE THE CHARACTERISTICS OF EACH STATE OF MATTER? S8P1C. STATES OF MATTER E.Q. WHAT ARE THE STATES OF MATTER? WHAT ARE THE CHARACTERISTICS OF EACH STATE OF MATTER? ATOMIC MODEL PROJECT BE CREATIVE!!! MIXTURES VS. SUBSTANCES TASK DUE BY FRIDAY, NOVEMBER

More information

The lower the energy of a substance, the interaction between its atoms and molecules.

The lower the energy of a substance, the interaction between its atoms and molecules. PHYSICAL STATES OF MATTER Kinetic Molecular Theory To understand the different states in which matter can exist, we need to understand something called the Kinetic Molecular Theory of Matter. Kinetic Molecular

More information

Topic review. hi.com.au Science Resource Centre. Using scientific language 1. You should be familiar with the words in the following list.

Topic review. hi.com.au Science Resource Centre. Using scientific language 1. You should be familiar with the words in the following list. Topic review Using scientific language 1. You should be familiar with the words in the following list. condense solid boiling matter gas diffusion melting solidify particles substance liquid property compression

More information

Pg , Syllabus

Pg , Syllabus Pg. 169 171, 173-175 Syllabus 5.7 5.14 www.cgrahamphysics.com What do you remember? End www.cgrahamphysics.com How do particles move? 3 of 30 Boardworks Ltd 2012 4 of 30 Boardworks Ltd 2012 States of matter

More information

Foundations of Chemistry

Foundations of Chemistry Foundations of Chemistry Physical Changes Key Concepts How can a change in energy affect the state of matter? What happens when something dissolves? What is meant by conservation of mass? What do you think?

More information

Chemistry Physical, Chemical, and Nuclear Changes

Chemistry Physical, Chemical, and Nuclear Changes Chemistry 1010 Physical, Chemical, and Nuclear Changes Review Which state of matter matches the following pictures? gas solid liquid What could the circles in these pictures represent? usually molecules,

More information

SOLIDS, LIQUIDS, AND GASES

SOLIDS, LIQUIDS, AND GASES CHAPTER 2 SOLIDS, LIQUIDS, AND GASES SECTION 2 1 States of Matter (pages 56-60) This section explains how shape, volume, and the motion of particles are useful in describing solids, liquids, and gases.

More information

CHEMISTRY Matter and Change. Chapter 12: States of Matter

CHEMISTRY Matter and Change. Chapter 12: States of Matter CHEMISTRY Matter and Change Chapter 12: States of Matter CHAPTER 12 States of Matter Section 12.1 Section 12.2 Section 12.3 Section 12.4 Gases Forces of Attraction Liquids and Solids Phase Changes Click

More information

Chapter 3 Phases of Matter Physical Science

Chapter 3 Phases of Matter Physical Science Chapter 3 Phases of Matter Physical Science CH 3- States of Matter 1 What makes up matter? What is the difference between a solid, a liquid, and a gas? What kind of energy do all particles of matter have?

More information