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1 Supporting Information Self-Assembly of Amphiphilic Janus Dendrimers into Mechanically Robust Supramolecular Hydrogels for Sustained Drug Release Sami Nummelin, [a] Ville Liljestrçm, [b] Eve Saarikoski, [a] Jarmo Ropponen, [c] Antti Nykänen, [b] Veikko Linko, [a] Jukka Seppälä, [a] Jouni Hirvonen, [d] Olli Ikkala, [b] Luis M. Bimbo,* [d] and Mauri A. Kostiainen* [a] chem_ _sm_miscellaneous_information.pdf

2 Table of Contents S1. Supplementary Figures S1 S2. Materials, Instrumentation and Techniques S2 S3. Synthesis and Characterization S8 S4. Supplementary References S18 S1. Supplementary Figures a hcp R 0 R i D domain (domain width) Wet Dry Sample name (3,4) (3,5) (3,4,5) (3,4) (3,5) (3,4,5) a hcp (nm) D domain (nm) d disp (nm) R i ± R i (nm) 1.65 ± ± ± ± ± ± 0.15 R 0 ± R 0 (nm) 2.75 ± ± ± ± ± ± 0.25 Power law Figure S1. Schematic presentation of the hierarchical core-shell cylinder model (top) and structural parameters used in the calculation of theoretical SAXS curves (bottom). S1

3 I (q) (a.u.) (3,4) 1 wt.% gel (3,5) 1 wt.% gel (3,4,5) 1 wt.% gel (3,4) dried gel (3,5) dried gel (3,4,5) dried gel 1 wt.% gel dried gel q (Å) -1 Figure S2. Integrated SAXS curves (vertical offset for clarity) measured from 1 wt.% gels (solid lines) and dry gels (dotted lines) obtained after snap freezing with liquid propane and lyophilization. Photographs on right show the gel deposited on solid substrate before (top) and after (bottom) drying. S2. Materials, Instrumentation and Techniques Materials All reagents and solvents were obtained from commercial sources (Acros, Aldrich, Fisher, Fluka and Rathburn) and used without further purification. CDCl 3 and DMSO-d 6 for NMR analysis was purchased from Euriso-top (Saint Aubin Cedex, France). Dry CH 2 Cl 2 and THF were obtained from a solvent drier (MB-SPS-800, neutral alumina; MBraun, Germany) and used when necessary. Milli-Q purified water was used in all reactions and measurements (Millipore Synergy UV unit; 18.2 MΩ cm). Gonadorelin acetate was purchased from ChemPep Inc., USA, nadolol, HRP and RMB were purchased from Sigma-Aldrich. Instrumentation Melting points for Janus dendrimers 8a-c were taken from differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) measurements (TA Instruments Q100). The isotropization temperatures were determined as the maxima of their endothermic peak from the first heating cycle using 10 C min -1 heating rate. Indium was used as calibration standard. NMR: 1 H NMR (500 MHz) and 13 C NMR (125 MHz) spectra were recorded in CDCl 3 or DMSO-d 6 at 25 C on a 500 MHz Bruker UltraShield Plus spectrometer. Additional measurements were S2

4 recorded on a Bruker Avance DPX400 spectrometer equipped with a 5 mm BBFO probehead. Chemical shifts are reported in parts per million (ppm) and calibrated using the residual protic solvent peak of DMSO-d 6 ( 1 H, δ 2.50 ppm; 13 C, δ ppm) as an internal reference. Coupling constants (J) are reported in hertz. Mass spectrometry: HRMS spectra were recorded on Waters Micromass LCT Premier (ESI/TOF) mass spectrometer. Elemental Analysis (EA) was purchased from Microanalytisches Labor Pascher (Remagen-Bandorf, Germany; Rheometer: The rheological characterization was performed using a Physica MCR 301 rotational rheometer (Anton Paar GmbH, Austria) equipped with a standard cone and plate geometry (CP 25). Cryogenic-Transmission Electron Microscopy (cryo-tem): Imaging was performed with JEOL JEM-3200FSC liquid helium equipment (JEOL Ltd., Japan). Microscopy images were processed with public domain software ImageJ 1.48 (http://rsb.info.nih.gov/ij/). Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM): Gel samples (1 wt.%) were prepared directly on carbon tape on the SEM sample holders by injecting dendrimer ethanol solution in water droplets on the sample holder. After letting the samples stand for 10 minutes, they were vitrified by dipping the sample holder in liquid propane. Sample holders were attached to a copper block in liquid nitrogen and the samples were freeze dried in vacuum ( mbar) overnight. Samples were metal coated by 1 minute of platinum plasma sputtering. Samples were imaged using JEOL JSM-7500FA analytical field emission scanning electron microscope. Apart from a few cracks appearing, the shape and size of the samples remain unchanged during cold drying (Figure S2). According to SAXS results (Figure S1, S2) the nanostructures undergo a slight contraction when dried, which explains the macroscopic cracks in the sample. Small Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS): The SAXS was measured by using a rotating anode X-ray source (Cu Kα radiation, λ = 1.54 Å) with Montel collimating optics. The beam was further collimated with four sets of slits (JJ X-Ray), resulting in a beam of approximately 1 x 1 mm at the sample position. The distance between the sample and the Hi-Star 2D area detector (Bruker) was 0.59 m. One-dimensional SAXS data were obtained by azimuthally averaging the 2D scattering data. The magnitude of the scattering vector is given by q = (4π/λ) sin(θ), where 2θ is the scattering angle. S3

5 Scattering from air was prevented by evacuating the sample chamber and background scattering from the kapton foils was subtracted from the data. HPLC: Gonadorelin acetate was quantified by HPLC (λ = 223 nm) using an Agilent 1100 HPLC system (Agilent Technologies, Germany). The HPLC mobile phase was composed of 0.1% trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) in H 2 O and acetonitrile (MeCN) (ratio of 80:20 %, v/v). For the nadolol determination (λ = 271 nm), the mobile phase was composed of 0.03% of TFA and MeCN (ratio 80:20 %, v/v). A Phenomenex Kinetex 2.6u XB-C18 100Å column ( mm, Phenomenex, Denmark) was used at a flow rate of 1.5 ml min -1 for gonadorelin acetate and 1.0 ml min -1 for nadolol. The injection volume for both analytes was 10 µl. Plate reader: HRP activity assays were measured using BioTek Eon microplate spectrophotometer and sterile 96-well Tissue Culture Plates (VWR). Techniques Purity: The purity of the intermediates and the final products was determined by a thin-layer chromatography (TLC) on silica gel coated aluminum plates (Merck silica gel 60 F 254 ( mesh, aluminum). Potassium permanganate stains were used to visualize the plates. Flash chromatography was performed on Merck Silica Gel 60 silica gel using CH 2 Cl 2 /MeOH mixtures as eluent. Supramolecular gel preparation: Gels were prepared by injecting a concentrated dendrimerethanol solution into a larger amount of water. A typical procedure includes: a 10 mg ml -1 stock solutions of each Janus dendrimer in absolute EtOH was prepared. 100 µl of a stock solution was injected into 0.4 ml of MilliQ water followed by 5 sec. of vortex mixing to obtain supramolecular gels having a Janus dendrimer mass proportion of 0.2 wt.%. Rheology: A series of dynamic rheological measurements were performed for all of the samples. First, in order to determine the linear viscoelastic region (LVR) of the sample, strain sweep measurement with increasing strain from 0.01 % to 1000 % was performed at a frequency of 1 Hz. After determining the LVR, a frequency sweep measurement was performed by increasing the frequency from 0.1 to 500 rad s -1 at 0.1 % strain. Temperature ramp measurements were performed from 20 C to 70 C at 2 C min -1, using an amplitude of 0.15 Pa and 1 Hz frequency. The same measuring procedures were performed for all three samples with 5 min stabilization period before and after the measurements by using a low 0.15 Pa amplitude, without data recording. S4

6 Cryogenic-Transmission Electron Microscopy (cryo-tem): Samples were freshly prepared from a 5 mg ml -1 dendrimer stock solution in ethanol and injected into MilliQ water in 0.5 mg ml -1 final concentration, which was required to maintain liquid-like state of the samples that is essential for thin cryo sample preparation. Vitrification was done with Vitrobot in a saturated water vapor environment (FEI Vitrobot Mark IV, USA). TEM-grids were cleaned using Gatan Solarus Model 950 plasma cleaner (Gatan, Inc., USA) prior use. Sample volumes of 3 µl were placed on Quantifoil R 3.5/1 grids and the excess sample was blotted away with filter paper. Blot time and drain time were both 0.5 s. After blotting the grids were plunged into liquid ethane/propane (1:1) solution which was cooled with liquid nitrogen surrounding the ethane/propane vessel. Small Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS): Approximately 10 µl of the 1 wt.% gels were prepared directly in the SAXS sample holders and sealed between two kapton foils to prevent the gels from drying during the SAXS measurement. Dried aerogel samples were prepared using the same cold drying protocol as for SEM samples and sealed between two Mylar films. Calculation of Theoretical SAXS Model: A qualitative analysis of the SAXS profiles at the q-range q > 0.08 Å -1 was carried out using Scatter software, which uses the analytical expressions for the different form factors to calculate SAXS profiles. A more detailed description of the software is published previously In our calculations we used the scattering form factor P(q) of a cylinder with homogenous core and shell with radii R i ± R i and R 0 ± R 0 and length L to model the scattering from single nanofibrils. R stands for the standard deviation of the size distribution of R. The calculated profiles were not sensitive to variations of the cylinder length L, as long as L >> R 0. To reduce the number of fitting parameters L was chosen to be 50 nm for all samples. The scattering from a gel consisting only of disordered nanofibrils should obey the (orientation averaged) form factor of a nanofibril. However, the shape of the measured scattering profiles could not be perfectly explained by taking into account only the scattering form factor, and therefore a structure with a short range order was included in the model. For gels with ordered fibril domains the scattering intensity is I(q) = C sld P(q)S(q), (1) Where C sld is a constant depending on the scattering length density and the number density of the particles and S(q) is the unit cell structure factor which includes the Debye-Waller factor and the lattice factor. Cylindrical structures with no directional interaction typically form a 2D hexagonal lattice when they are close packed. The calculated models fitted well to measured data in a model where the nanofibrils adopt a short range 2D hexagonal order with a lattice constant a hcp, which is S5

7 slightly larger than 2R 0. The calculated model included a non-ideal packing of the fibrils, where the fibrils deviate by d disp from the hexagonal lattice points. In the model this is described by d disp, which is the standard deviation of the displacement distribution. For all measured samples, the structural parameters that are obtained from curve fitting are listed in Figure S1. The calculated models do not predict correctly the power-law region at small q-values, as they only predict the scattering from the nanofibrils and do not take into account scattering from higher order structures. Therefore, the final model for each sample includes an additional power-law term C q -a, which gives an estimate of the scattering attributed to higher order structures. The final model for the SAXS intensity I(q) is written as I(q) = I(q, R i, R 0, ΔR, L, ρ, a hcp, Δd disp ) + Cq a + C BG, (2) where R stands for the relative standard deviation of the size distribution of both R i and R 0 and ρ is the relative electron density of the cylinder shell (for the core ρ is set 1). The first term in eq. 2 is the core-shell scattering model calculated using Scatter software, the second term is the power-law attributed to scattering from higher order structures and C BG is a constant background term. Obtained power-law exponents are listed in Figure S1. For wet sample the power-law exponent a, was between -3.6 and -3.5 which is in line with scattering from surface fractal structures, supporting the conclusion that the nanofibrils bundle forming a hierarchical, highly porous network. For dry samples the power-law exponent was -4, which is exactly what would be expected for large fibrillar structures. Sustained release of therapeutic payloads: 360 µl of a gonadorelin acetate solution in water (1 mg ml -1 ), nadolol solution (1 mg ml -1 ) or horse-radish peroxidase (1µg ml -1 ) respectively were placed in a clear glass tube. Then, 240 µl of an ethanolic solution of (3,4,5) dendrimer (5 mg ml -1 ) was injected into the drug-loaded aqueous solution followed by 5 sec. of vortex mixing. After the formation of the gel, a 0.25 mm steel mesh was carefully placed on top of the gel and a afterwards a small magnet was placed on top of the steel mesh. Then, 2 ml of MilliQ water was added on top of the gel and 500 µl samples were taken from the aqueous layer at times 5, 10, 15, 30, 60, 90, 120 and 180 min. The volume was maintained constant by adding 500 µl of fresh MilliQ water after each aliquot. The samples were analyzed by HPLC (nadolol and gonadorelin) or by microplate spectrophotometer and sterile 96-well tissue culture plates (for HRP). HRP enzyme kinetics: 15 µl of each collected sample (described above) was added to 180 µl of aqueous (ph 5) NaAc-H 2 O 2 solution (50 ml of 10 mm NaCl, mixed with 40 µl of 50 w% H 2 O 2 ). Just before the actual measurement 20 µl of TMB solution (1 mg ml -1 in DMSO) was added to the prepared sample solutions. HRP activity was immediately detected by measuring the absorbance S6

8 of the formed product (TMB* charge transfer complex) at the wavelength of 650 nm for 20 minutes. For each measurement a blank sample for the background correction was prepared similarly as the actual samples, only the 15 µl of collected sample was replaced by MilliQ water. For quantifying the actual amounts of the released HRP in each sample, the dilution series of reference samples (known amount of HRP) were prepared: two independent reference samples (I and II) were diluted with water tenfold (10.0 vol.%), 13.3-fold (7.5 vol.%), 20-fold (5.0 vol.%) and 40-fold (2.5 vol.%). NaAc-H 2 O 2 solution and TMB were added to 15 µl of each reference sample (as above), and the actual measurement was carried out similarly as for the other samples. The measurement yielded a reference plot (the change in TMB* absorbance per time as a function of the known HRP amount), which was used to calculate the HRP concentration for each collected sample. S7

9 S3. Synthesis and Characterization Scheme S1. Synthesis of first generation Percec-type azide dendrons a a Reagents and conditions: i) C 12 H 25 Br, K 2 CO 3, DMF, 70 ºC, 8h; ii) LiAlH 4, THF, 0 to 25 ºC, 6h; iii) SOCl 2, cat DMF, CH 2 Cl 2, 2h; iv) NaN 3, DMF, 80 ºC, 6h. Scheme S2. Synthesis of propargyl-modified bis-mpa dendron b b Reagents and conditions: i) propargyl alcohol, DPTS, DCC, CH 2 Cl 2 rt, 16 h; ii) DOWEX H +, MeOH, 40 ºC, 5 h; iii) bis-mpa anhydride, DMAP, Pyridine, CH 2 Cl 2, rt, 12 h. Scheme S3. Synthesis of amphiphilic Janus dendrimers via click-reaction c c Reagents and conditions: i) sodium ascorbate (20 mol%), Cu(II)SO 4 5H 2 O (10 mol%), H 2 O/THF/DMSO, 50 ºC, 16h. Note the final numbering for target dendrimers. Percec-type first generation azide containing dendrons (5a-c) and propargyl modified bis-mpa dendron 7 4 were prepared by according to a modified literature procedures. 5,6 S8

10 General synthetic procedure for amphiphilic Janus dendrimers. The azide dendron 5a-c (1.0 equiv) was dissolved in THF (5-8 ml). The bis-mpa-alkyne (7; 1.1 equiv) and Na-ascorbate (20 mol%) were added to the reaction mixture. Cu(II)SO 4 5H 2 O (10 mol%) was dissolved in minimal H 2 O (0.2-1 ml) and added to the reaction flask. The reaction mixture was stirred 5 minutes at rt before DMSO (0.2 ml) was added. Temperature was raised to 50 C and stirred 16 h before it was cooled to rt. Crude mixture was purified by flash chromatography on SiO 2 (9:1 CH 2 Cl 2 /MeOH). Drying in vacuo to a constant weight gave the third generation Janus dendrimers as white solids. (3,4): Starting from the azide dendron 5a (0.37 g, 0.74 mmol), bis-mpa-alkyne 7 (0.70 g, 0.81 mmol), Na-ascorbate (29 mg, 0.14 mmol), and Cu(II)SO 4 5H 2 O (18 mg, 0.07 mmol), the title compound was obtained as a white solid after flash chromatography. Yield 0.95 g (87 %). M.p.: o C; TLC (9:1 CH 2 Cl 2 /MeOH) R f = H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ) δ 0.84 (t, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H, CH 3 CH 2 ), 1.01 (s, 12H, G3-CH 3 ), 1.10 (s, 6H, G2-CH 3 ), 1.14 (s, 3H, G1-CH 3 ), (m, 32H, CH 3 (CH 2 ) 8 ), 1.41 (m, 4H, CH 2 (CH 2 ) 2 OAr), 1.67 (m, 4H, CH 2 CH 2 OAr), (dd, J = 10.2 Hz, J = 5.6 Hz, 8H, G3-CH 2 OH), (m, 8H, G3-CH 2 OH), 3.91 (t, J = 5.9 Hz, 4H, CH 2 OAr, 3,4 positions), (m, 8H, G2-CH 2 O), 4.13 (d, J = 10.9 Hz, 2H, G1-CH 2 O), 4.19 (d, J = 10.9 Hz, 2H, G1-CH 2 O), 4.66 (t, 8H, J = 5.2 Hz, OH), 5.15 (s, 2H, NCCH 2 ), 5.45 (s, 2H, ArCH 2 ), (m, 3H, ArH), 8.14 (s, 1H, NCH). 13 C NMR (125 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ) δ (CH 3 CH 2 ), (G3-CH 3 ), (G2-CH 3 ), (G1- CH 3 ), (CH 3 CH 2 ), (CH 2 (CH 2 ) 2 OAr), 28.78, 28.82, 28.84, 28.86, 28.89, 29.06, 29.15, (CH 2 CH 2 OAr and CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 (CH 2 ) 6 ), (CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 ), (G1-C), (G2-C), (G3-C), (ArCH 2 ), (NCCH 2 ), (G3-CH 2 OH), (G2-CH 2 O), (G1- CH 2 O), and (CH 2 OAr, 3,4 positions), and (ArCH, 2,5 positions), (ArCH, 6 position), (NCHC), (ArC, 1 position), (CHC), (ArC, 3,4 positions), (G1-CO 2 and G2-CO 2 ), (G3-CO 2 ). TOF-ESI-ES + : m/z calcd for C 69 H 115 N 3 O 24 Na [M+Na] , found Anal. calcd for C 69 H 115 N 3 O 24 : C, 60.46; H, 8.46; N, Found: C, 60.26; H, 8.45; N, S9

11 (3,5): Starting from the azide 5b (0.30 g, 0.59 mmol), bis-mpa-alkyne 7 (0.57 g, 0.11 mmol), Naascorbate (24 mg, 0.12 mmol), and Cu(II)SO 4 5H 2 O (15 mg, 0.06 mmol), the title compound was obtained as a white solid after flash chromatography. Yield 0.74 g (91 %). M.p.: o C; TLC (9:1 CH 2 Cl 2 /MeOH) R f = H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ) δ 0.86 (t, J =6.8 Hz, 6H, CH 3 CH 2 ), 1.00 (s, 12H, G3-CH 3 ), 1.09 (s, 6H, G2-CH 3 ), 1.17 (s, 3H, G1-CH 3 ), (m, 32H, CH 3 (CH 2 ) 8 ), 1.37 (m, 4H, CH 2 (CH 2 ) 2 OAr), 1.64 (m, 4H, CH 2 CH 2 OAr), (dd, J = 10.1 Hz, J = 5.6 Hz, 8H, G3-CH 2 OH), (m, 8H, G3-CH 2 OH),3.90 (t, J = 6.3 Hz, 4H, CH 2 OAr, 3,5 positions), (m, 8H, G2-CH 2 O), 4.14 (d, J = 10.9 Hz, 2H, G1-CH 2 O), 4.20 (d, J = 10.9 Hz, 2H, G1-CH 2 O), 4.64 (t, J = 5.0 Hz, 8H, OH), 5.17 (s, 2H, NCCH 2 ), 5.46 (s, 2H, ArCH 2 ), 6.42 (m, 3H, ArH), 8.19 (s, 1H, NCH). 13 C NMR (125 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ) δ (CH 3 CH 2 ), (G3-CH 3 ), (G2-CH 3 ), (G1- CH 3 ), (CH 3 CH 2 ), (CH 2 (CH 2 ) 2 OAr), 28.62, (x2), (x2), 29.07, 29.09, (CH 2 CH 2 OAr and CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 (CH 2 ) 6 ), (CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 ), (G1-C), (G2-C), (G3-C), (ArCH 2 ), (NCCH 2 ), (G3-CH 2 OH), (G2-CH 2 O), (G1-CH 2 O), (CH 2 OAr, 3,5 positions), (ArCH, 4 position), (ArCH, 2,6 positions), (NCHC), (ArC, 1 position), (CHC), (ArC, 3,5 positions), (G1-CO 2 and G2-CO 2 ), (G3-CO 2 ). TOF-ESI-ES + : m/z calcd for C 69 H 115 N 3 O 24 Na [M+Na] , found Anal. calcd for C 69 H 115 N 3 O 24 : C, 60.46; H, 8.46; N, Found: C, 60.23; H, 8.52; N, S10

12 (3,4,5): Starting from the azide 5c (0.50 g, 0.73 mmol), bis-mpa-alkyne 7 (0.70 g, 0.80 mmol), Naascorbate (30 mg, 0.14 mmol), and Cu(II)SO 4 5H 2 O (20 mg, 0.07 mmol), the title compound was obtained as a white solid after flash chromatography. Yield 0.99 g (88 %). M.p.: o C; TLC (9:1 CH 2 Cl 2 /MeOH) R f = H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ) δ 0.83 (t, J = 6.7 Hz, 9H, CH 3 CH 2 ), 1.01 (s, 12H, G3-CH 3 ), 1.10 (s, 6H, G2-CH 3 ), 1.16 (s, 3H, G1-CH 3 ), (m, 48H, CH 3 (CH 2 ) 8, 1.40 (m, 6H, CH 2 (CH 2 ) 2 OAr), 1.58 (m, 2H, CH 2 CH 2 OAr, 4 position), 1.66 (m, 4H, CH 2 CH 2 OAr, 3,5 positions), (dd, J = 10.3 Hz, J = 5.4 Hz, 8H, G3-CH 2 OH), (m, 8H, G3-CH 2 OH), 3.77 (t, J = 6.1 Hz, 2H, CH 2 OAr, 4 position), 3.87 (t, J = 5.9 Hz, 4H, CH 2 OAr, 3,5 positions), 4.07 (m, 8H, G2-CH 2 O), 4.11 (d, J = 11.0 Hz, 2H, G1-CH 2 O), 4.19 (d, J = 11.0 Hz, 2H, G1-CH 2 O), 4.65 (t, J = 5.2 Hz,OH), 5.16 (s, 2H, NCCH 2 ), 5.43 (s, 2H, ArCH 2 ), 6.62 (s, 2H, ArH, 2,6 positions), 8.18 (s, 1H, NCH). 13 C NMR (125 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ) δ (CH 3 CH 2 ), (G3-CH 3 ), (G2-CH 3 ), (G1- CH 3 ), (CH 3 CH 2 ), (CH 2 (CH 2 ) 2 OAr), 28.83, 28.88, 29.08, 29.14, 29.16, 29.20, 29.23, 29.28, (CH 2 CH 2 OAr and CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 (CH 2 ) 6 ), (CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 ), (G1-C), (G2- C), (G3-C), (ArCH 2 ), (NCCH 2 ), (G3-CH 2 OH), (G2-CH 2 O), (G1-CH 2 O), (CH 2 OAr, 3,5 positions), (CH 2 OAr, 4 position), (ArCH, 2,6 positions), (NCHC), (ArC, 1 position), (ArC, 4 position), (CHC), (ArC, 3,5 positions), (G1-CO 2 and G2-CO 2 ), (G3-CO 2 ). TOF-ESI-ES + : m/z calcd for C 81 H 139 N 3 O 25 Na [M+Na] , found Anal. calcd for C 81 H 139 N 3 O 25 : C, 62.56; H, 9.01; N, Found: C, 61.96; H, 8.94; N, S11

13 Figure S3. 1 H-NMR of (3,4) in DMSO-d 6, δ = 2.50 ppm. S12

14 Figure S4. 13 C-NMR of (3,4); in DMSO-d 6, δ = ppm. S13

15 Figure S5. 1 H-NMR of (3,5) in DMSO-d 6, δ = S14

16 Figure S6. 13 C-NMR of (3,5); in DMSO-d 6, δ = ppm. S15

17 Figure S7. 1 H-NMR of (3,4,5) in DMSO-d 6, δ = S16

18 Figure S8. 13 C-NMR of (3,4,5) in DMSO-d 6, δ = ppm. S17

19 S4. Supplementary References 1. Förster, S.; Apostol, L.; Bras, W. J. Appl. Cryst. 2010, 43, Förster, S.; Fisher, S.; Zielske, K.; Schelbach, C.; Sztucki, M.; Lindner, P.; Perlich, J. Adv. Coll. Int. Sci. 2011, 163, Förster, S.; Burger, C. Macromolecules, 1998, Wu, P.; Malkoch, M.; Hunt, J.; Vestberg, R.; Kaltgrad, E.; Finn, M. G.; Fokin, V. V.; Sharpless, K. B.; Hawker, C. J. Chem. Commun. 2005, Balagurusamy, V. S. K.; Ungar, G.; Percec, V.; Johansson, G. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1997, 119, Percec, V.; Wilson, D. A.; Leowanawat, P.; Wilson, C. J.; Hughes, A. D.; Kaucher, M. S.; Hammer, D. A.; Levine, D. H.; Kim, A. J.; Bates, F. S.; Davis, K. P.; Lodge, T. P.; Klein, M. L.; DeVane, R. H.; Aqad, E.; Rosen, B. M.; Argintaru, A. O.; Sienkowska, M. J.; Rissanen, K.; Nummelin, S.; Ropponen, J. Science 2010, 328, S18

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