ATP, Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "ATP, Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis"

Transcription

1 ATP, Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis

2 Energy for Cells Free Energy: the energy available to do work

3 Types of Reactions Endergonic Reactions: require an input of energy Exergonic Reactions: release energy (energy EXits)

4 ATP Adenosine Triphosphate 3 Phosphate Groups Goes into endergonic reactions Released from exergonic reactions Energy source ATP + H 2 O ADP + P + Energy When the last phosphate bond (high energy bond) is broken, energy is released Hydrolysis reaction

5 Cellular Respiration The process by which energy is made available for biological work C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O + Energy Exergonic Occurs in both autotrophs & heterotrophs Reactions occur in the cytoplasm and mitochondria

6 Aerobic Respiration Aerobic Respiration: cellular respiration that uses O 2 Releases 38ATP

7 Anaerobic Respiration Anaerobic Respiration: cellular respiration that occurs in the absence of oxygen Fermentation: another term used to describe anaerobic respiration Types: Lactic Acid Fermentation Alcoholic Fermentation

8 Anaerobic Respiration Lactic Acid Fermentation: glucose is broken down into 2 lactic acid molecules in the absence of O 2 Releases 4ATP Occurs in human muscle cells Allows muscles to keep working without oxygen, but produces MUCH LESS ATP than aerobic respiration

9 Anaerobic Alcoholic Fermentation: glucose is broken down into 2 ethanol molecules and 2 carbon dioxide molecules in the absence of oxygen Releases 4ATP Carried out by plant cells and microorganisms Yeast in bread breaks down carbohydrates in the dough by alcoholic fermentation, the CO 2 released causes the bread to rise Yeast are used to produce ethanol in beer & wine

10 Photosynthesis Process by which producers store energy from sunlight as chemical energy in organic molecules (glucose) 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O + Energy C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 Endergonic (takes in sunlight) Occurs in producers only (autotrophs)

11 Light Light: radiant energy travels in waves Visible Spectrum: the range of colors that make up white light Longest R O Y G B I V Shortest Colors we see depend on what wavelengths are reflected

12 Chlorophyll & Other Pigments Organisms that carry out photosynthesis contain colored pigments that absorb light energy and convert it to chemical energy

13 Chlorophyll Most important pigment in photosynthesis Eukaryotes: chlorophyll is in the chloroplasts Prokaryotes: chlorophyll is in the cytoplasm

14 Chlorophyll Appears green = reflects green & yellow wavelengths of light Absorption Spectrum: a graph that shows the wavelengths of light absorbed Absorbed wavelengths are transformed from light energy to chemical energy during photosynthesis Absorbed wavelengths are USED

15 Carotenoids Yellow, orange, and red pigments in chloroplasts Absorb blue & green wavelengths Pass energy to chlorophyll Present in other plant parts (flowers, fruits) Become visible in autumn because chlorophyll production stops

16 Chloroplasts Contain chlorophyll & other pigments Thylakoid membranes Internal membranes Fluid mosaic Chlorophyll & carotenoids embedded in bilayer with proteins Where the light reactions occur Grana: stacks of thylakoids Stroma: fluid part of chloroplast Where the Calvin Cycle occurs

17 Light Reactions Involve a series of changes that convert light energy to chemical energy photo means light this is the photo in photosynthesis! Occur in the thylakoid membranes H 2 O split into Hydrogen ions (H + ), electrons, and O 2

18 The Calvin Cycle ( Dark Reactions) Synthesis of sugars by the stroma & molecules within it Synthesis of photosynthesis Produces 3 Carbon sugars 2 can be combined to form 6 Carbon sugars, like glucose

19 Lack of Free Glucose in Plants Most plants contain little free glucose because: Glucose + fructose sucrose Glucose + glucose starch Glucose used for cellulose

20 Energy Relationships Photosynthesis & Respiration are opposites & interdependent Respiration = exergonic Photosynthesis = endergonic One cannot occur without the other products of one are the reactants of the other 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O + Energy C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O + Energy Photosynthesis only in autotrophs Respiration in autotrophs AND heterotrophs

CHAPTER 6 STUDY GUIDE. phosphate work. energy adenosine In order for organisms to carry out life processes their cells need (1).

CHAPTER 6 STUDY GUIDE. phosphate work. energy adenosine In order for organisms to carry out life processes their cells need (1). CHAPTER 6 STUDY GUIDE THE FLOW OF ENERGY Section 6.1 Energy for Cells In your textbook, read about ATP. Use each of the terms below just once to complete the passage: released exergonic endergonic ATP

More information

Ch. 4 Cells and Energy. Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration

Ch. 4 Cells and Energy. Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Ch. 4 Cells and Energy Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration 1 2 4.1 Chemical Energy and ATP Living organisms need energy Most comes indirectly from sun! Some change sunlight into organic compounds Others

More information

Chapter 8.1. How Organisms Obtain Energy

Chapter 8.1. How Organisms Obtain Energy Chapter 8.1 How Organisms Obtain Energy Main Idea All living organisms use energy to carry out all biological processes. Energy Energy is the ability to do work. Quick Review: Heterotrophs are organisms

More information

Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis Test

Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis Test Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis Test 1. When bonds are made energy is, when bonds are broken energy is. A. stored / released C. released / stored B. used / not used D. created / destroyed 2. Aerobic

More information

Overview of Photosynthesis

Overview of Photosynthesis Overview of Photosynthesis Most autotrophs (organisms that create their own food), make organic compounds (sugars/glucose) using a process called photosynthesis. This process occurs only in plants. Overview

More information

Unit 5.1 ~ Cell Energy: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

Unit 5.1 ~ Cell Energy: PHOTOSYNTHESIS Unit 5.1 ~ Cell Energy: PHOTOSYNTHESIS Objectives/Goals: Classify organisms in how they obtain energy Identify the reactants and products of photosynthesis Understand how ATP is used to provide cells with

More information

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Unit

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Unit Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Unit All cellular activities require energy. Directly or indirectly nearly all energy for life comes from the sun. Autotrophs: organisms that can make their own

More information

6CO 2 + 6H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2. sun. Occurs in chloroplasts ATP. enzymes CO 2 O 2 H 2 O. sugars

6CO 2 + 6H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2. sun. Occurs in chloroplasts ATP. enzymes CO 2 O 2 H 2 O. sugars 4.2 8.2 Overview Photosynthesis: of Photosynthesis An Overview Photosynthesis process by which plants make food using energy from the sun Plants are autotrophs that make their own source of chemical energy.

More information

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Lapbook Pre-test. SC.912.L.18.7: Identify the reactants, products, and basic functions of photosynthesis.

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Lapbook Pre-test. SC.912.L.18.7: Identify the reactants, products, and basic functions of photosynthesis. Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Lapbook Pre-test Covers Standards: SC.912.L.18.7: Identify the reactants, products, and basic functions of photosynthesis. SC.912.L.18.8: Identify the reactants,

More information

ATP. Chapter 4. Photosynthesis. Cell Respiration. Energy of Life. All organisms need energy in order to survive

ATP. Chapter 4. Photosynthesis. Cell Respiration. Energy of Life. All organisms need energy in order to survive ATP Chapter 4 Photosynthesis Energy of Life All organisms need energy in order to survive 2 Major groups of organisms: A. autotrophs make their own food Ex: plants B. heterotrophs must eat others living

More information

What cellular structure carries out respiration?

What cellular structure carries out respiration? What cellular structure carries out photosynthesis? Label it s parts Chloroplast double membrane grana thylakoid membrane with chlorophyll stroma What cellular structure carries out respiration? Mitochondrian

More information

4.1 Chemical Energy and ATP. KEY CONCEPT All cells need chemical energy.

4.1 Chemical Energy and ATP. KEY CONCEPT All cells need chemical energy. 4.1 Chemical Energy and ATP KEY CONCEPT All cells need chemical energy. 4.1 Chemical Energy and ATP The chemical energy used for most cell processes is carried by ATP. Molecules in food store chemical

More information

Ch. 6 & 7 Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration

Ch. 6 & 7 Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration Ch. 6 & 7 Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration 6.1 Energy Reactions The Cycle of Energy Sun CO 2 H 2 O Photosynthesis (energy stored) Cellular Respiration (energy released) O 2 Glucose Obtaining Energy

More information

ATP: Energy for Life ATP. Chapter 6. What Is ATP? What Does ATP Do for You? Photosynthesis. Cell Respiration. Chemical Structure of ATP

ATP: Energy for Life ATP. Chapter 6. What Is ATP? What Does ATP Do for You? Photosynthesis. Cell Respiration. Chemical Structure of ATP Chapter 6 Photosynthesis : Energy for Life Cell Respiration What Is? Energy used by all Cells Chemical Structure of Adenine Base Adenosine Triphosphate Organic molecule containing highenergy Phosphate

More information

Cellular Energy. The cell will store energy in molecules like sugars and ATP

Cellular Energy. The cell will store energy in molecules like sugars and ATP Cellular Energy Cellular Energy The cell will store energy in molecules like sugars and ATP Most cells have small stores of ATP that only last a few seconds, but cannot store energy there long-term. Cells

More information

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration What you will learn: GPS Standard SB3a Explain the cycling of energy through the processes of photosynthesis and respiration. IN OTHER WORDS Photosynthesis and Cellular

More information

Chapter 5. Table of Contents. Section 1 Energy and Living Things. Section 2 Photosynthesis. Section 3 Cellular Respiration

Chapter 5. Table of Contents. Section 1 Energy and Living Things. Section 2 Photosynthesis. Section 3 Cellular Respiration Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Table of Contents Section 1 Energy and Living Things Section 2 Photosynthesis Section 3 Cellular Respiration Section 1 Energy and Living Things Objectives Analyze

More information

Energy in the World of Life

Energy in the World of Life Cellular Energy Energy in the World of Life Sustaining life s organization requires ongoing energy inputs Assembly of the molecules of life starts with energy input into living cells Energy Conversion

More information

2015 Biology Unit #3 Quiz 1 Photosynthesis, Cellular Respiration and Fermentation Week of November

2015 Biology Unit #3 Quiz 1 Photosynthesis, Cellular Respiration and Fermentation Week of November Name: Class: Date: 2015 Biology Unit #3 Quiz 1 Photosynthesis, Cellular Respiration and Fermentation Week of 02-09 November 1 Which of the following statements is true for all cells? a They use solar energy

More information

Energy Transfer. Photosynthesis

Energy Transfer. Photosynthesis Energy Transfer Photosynthesis Energy All living organisms use energy. Energy is needed for metabolism to function. When organisms use energy they use it in the chemical form, ATP (adenosine triphosphate)

More information

Cell Energy: The Big Picture. So, What Exactly is ATP. Adenosine Triphosphate. Your turn to Practice converting ATP to ADP:

Cell Energy: The Big Picture. So, What Exactly is ATP. Adenosine Triphosphate. Your turn to Practice converting ATP to ADP: Understanding How Living Things Obtain and Use Energy. Cell Energy: The Big Picture Most Autotrophs produce food (sugar) using light energy during Photosynthesis. Then, both Autotrophs and Heterotroph

More information

CP Biology Unit 5 Cell Energy Study Guide. Electron Carriers Electron Transport Chain Fermentation Glycolysis Krebs cycle Light-Dependent Reactions

CP Biology Unit 5 Cell Energy Study Guide. Electron Carriers Electron Transport Chain Fermentation Glycolysis Krebs cycle Light-Dependent Reactions Name: KEY CP Biology Unit 5 Cell Energy Study Guide Vocabulary to know: ATP ADP Aerobic Anaerobic ATP Synthases Cellular Respiration Chlorophyll Chloroplast Electron Carriers Electron Transport Chain Fermentation

More information

Harvesting energy: photosynthesis & cellular respiration part 1

Harvesting energy: photosynthesis & cellular respiration part 1 Harvesting energy: photosynthesis & cellular respiration part 1 Agenda I. Overview (Big Pictures) of Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration II. Making Glucose - Photosynthesis III. Making ATP - Cellular

More information

Cellular Energetics. Photosynthesis, Cellular Respiration and Fermentation

Cellular Energetics. Photosynthesis, Cellular Respiration and Fermentation Cellular Energetics Photosynthesis, Cellular Respiration and Fermentation TEKS B.4 Science concepts. The student knows that cells are the basic structures of all living things with specialized parts that

More information

PHOTOSYNTHESIS STARTS WITH

PHOTOSYNTHESIS STARTS WITH Name Date Period PHOTOSYNTHESIS STARTS WITH 1. Molecules that collect light energy are called _P. 2. Chlorophyll a and b absorb _B -_V and _R wavelengths of light best. 3. _C is the main light absorbing

More information

Photosynthesis. From Sunlight to Sugar

Photosynthesis. From Sunlight to Sugar Photosynthesis From Sunlight to Sugar What is Photosynthesis? Photosynthesis is a process that captures energy from sunlight to make sugars used as food for producers. The light energy is stored as chemical

More information

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration All cellular activities require energy. Directly or indirectly nearly all energy for life comes from the sun. Autotrophs:

More information

Chapter 4: Cellular Metabolism (Sections 1,3,5,6) KEY CONCEPT All cells need chemical energy.

Chapter 4: Cellular Metabolism (Sections 1,3,5,6) KEY CONCEPT All cells need chemical energy. KEY CONCEPT All cells need chemical energy. ! The chemical energy used for most cell processes is carried by ATP. Molecules in food store chemical energy in their bonds. Starch molecule Glucose molecule

More information

ENERGY = ATP ATP. B. How is Energy stored in our cells? 1. In the chemical bonds between the phosphates

ENERGY = ATP ATP. B. How is Energy stored in our cells? 1. In the chemical bonds between the phosphates I. What is energy in biology? ENERGY = Adenosine TriPhosphate Whoa! HOT stuff! 2009-2010 A. What is? Adenosine Triphosphate is similar to a nucleotide but has three phosphates instead of one B. How is

More information

PHOTOSYNTHESIS. Chapter 8

PHOTOSYNTHESIS. Chapter 8 PHOTOSYNTHESIS Chapter 8 ENERGY & LIFE ENERGY The ability to do work. Can be stored in chemical bonds. Cells need energy to do things like active transport, dividing, moving, and producing and storing

More information

Unit 3: Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration

Unit 3: Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration Unit 3: Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration Monday/Tuesday Wednesday/Thursday Friday Bell Ringer Answer Daily Goal HOMEWORK Bell Ringer Answer Monday/Tuesday Wednesday/Thursday Friday Daily Goal HOMEWORK

More information

Cell Energetics. How plants make food and everyone makes energy!

Cell Energetics. How plants make food and everyone makes energy! Cell Energetics How plants make food and everyone makes energy! Carbon Cycle Where did the mitochondria and chloroplast come from? Endosymbiotic Theory Endosymbiotic theory = a theory that some of the

More information

Cellular Respiration. Anaerobic vs Aerobic

Cellular Respiration. Anaerobic vs Aerobic Cellular Respiration Anaerobic vs Aerobic What is Cellular Respiration? Process where organisms use GLUCOSE (sugar) to create ENERGY! The energy that is released from chemical bonds during Cellular Respiration

More information

Biology Unit 4 Energy and Life. 4:1 Energy All living things require a constant supply of ENERGY.

Biology Unit 4 Energy and Life. 4:1 Energy All living things require a constant supply of ENERGY. Biology Unit 4 Energy and Life 4:1 Energy All living things require a constant supply of ENERGY. GLUCOSE: (C 6 H 12 O 6 ) the form of energy used for fuel by ALL living cells It requires energy to form

More information

UNIT 3: Cell Energy What is energy? energy is a property of objects which can be transferred to other objects or converted into different forms.

UNIT 3: Cell Energy What is energy? energy is a property of objects which can be transferred to other objects or converted into different forms. UNIT 3: Cell Energy What is energy? energy is a property of objects which can be transferred to other objects or converted into different forms. Energy can be found in a number of different forms. 1 Law

More information

Name Date Class. Photosynthesis and Respiration

Name Date Class. Photosynthesis and Respiration Concept Mapping Photosynthesis and Respiration Complete the Venn diagram about photosynthesis and respiration. These terms may be used more than once: absorbs, Calvin cycle, chlorophyll, CO 2, H 2 O, Krebs

More information

ATP. Pentose Sugar (ribose) 3 phosphate groups. adenine. Does this structure look familiar?

ATP. Pentose Sugar (ribose) 3 phosphate groups. adenine. Does this structure look familiar? Photosynthesis The Big Picture Photosynthesis and Respiration work together in plants to make energy for the plant they are autotrophs Animals only use cellular respiration why? They are heterotrophs!

More information

Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration. mages/life/chap1_2/ph otosyn.swf://

Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration.   mages/life/chap1_2/ph otosyn.swf:// Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration http://mrescience.com/i mages/life/chap1_2/ph otosyn.swf:// Photosynthesis Photosynthesis is a chemical reaction. Plants use light to make their own food. Where does

More information

Cellular Energy (Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration)

Cellular Energy (Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration) (Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration) Before You Read Before you read the chapter, respond to these statements. 1. Write an A if you agree with the statement. 2. Write a D if you disagree with the statement.

More information

8.2 Photosynthesis Overview

8.2 Photosynthesis Overview 8.2 Photosynthesis Overview Chlorophyll and Chloroplasts What role do pigments play in the process of photosynthesis? Photosynthetic organisms capture energy from sunlight with pigments. Light Energy from

More information

Cell Energetics - Practice Test

Cell Energetics - Practice Test Name: Class: _ Date: _ Cell Energetics - Practice Test Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which of the following is the source of energy used

More information

Study Guide A. Answer Key. Cells and Energy

Study Guide A. Answer Key. Cells and Energy Cells and Energy Answer Key SECTION 1. CHEMICAL ENERGY AND ATP 1. molecule; food molecules 2. high-energy; lower-energy 3. phosphate group 4. a; d; b; c 5. b; e 6. c; d 7. a; f 8. chemical energy; light

More information

Autotrophs and Heterotrophs

Autotrophs and Heterotrophs Section 8-1 Notes Energy and Life Energy is the ability to do work. Living things depend on energy. Without the ability to obtain and use energy, life would cease to exist. Where does the energy that living

More information

Photosynthesis: An Overview. Lesson Overview. Lesson Overview. 8.2 Photosynthesis: An Overview

Photosynthesis: An Overview. Lesson Overview. Lesson Overview. 8.2 Photosynthesis: An Overview Lesson Overview 8.2 Photosynthesis: An Overview Chlorophyll and Chloroplasts What role do pigments play in the process of photosynthesis? Photosynthetic organisms capture energy from sunlight with pigments.

More information

Photosynthesis

Photosynthesis Student Expectations: Cellular Energy Understand that cellular energy is temporarily stored in the nucleotide ATP (adenosine triphosphate) Describe how energy is released by ATP When the outer phosphate

More information

UNIT 2: CELLS Chapter 4: Cells and Energy

UNIT 2: CELLS Chapter 4: Cells and Energy CORNELL NOTES Directions: You must create a minimum of 5 questions in this column per page (average). Use these to study your notes and prepare for tests and quizzes. Notes will be stamped after each assigned

More information

All Cells need energy. (Ability to perform work) What do cells use energy for? Mitosis. Repair. Active transport. Movement.

All Cells need energy. (Ability to perform work) What do cells use energy for? Mitosis. Repair. Active transport. Movement. Cell Energetics All Cells need energy. (Ability to perform work) What do cells use energy for? Mitosis. Repair. Active transport. Movement. What Is ATP? ATP adenosine triphosphate is a chemical molecule

More information

Photosynthesis: Location

Photosynthesis: Location Photosynthesis: Location The chloroplast is the location of photosynthesis. * The thylakoids have a disc shape and are bound by a membrane. They contain chlorophyll. * These thylakoid discs are arranged

More information

Energy & Photosynthesis

Energy & Photosynthesis Energy & Photosynthesis Energy for Life Processes Energy is the ability to cause matter to move or to change The ability to do work Work for a cell includes: Growth & repair Active transport Reproduction

More information

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Photosynthesis a set of chemical reactions that converts carbon dioxide and water to food for plants, cyanobacteria and plant like protists Carbon Dioxide + Water

More information

Energy and the Cell. All living things need energy to survive and do work.

Energy and the Cell. All living things need energy to survive and do work. Energy and the Cell EQ: How do cells acquire energy? EQ: Why is the relationship between plants and animals essential to life? All living things need energy to survive and do work. Organisms who depend

More information

Unit 8 Cell Metabolism. Foldable Notes

Unit 8 Cell Metabolism. Foldable Notes Unit 8 Cell Metabolism Foldable Notes Silently read pages 94-96 of your biology textbook Middle Inside Top Vocabulary 1. ATP 2. ADP 3. Product 4. Reactant 5. Chloroplast 6. Mitochondria 7. Heterotroph

More information

Chapter 4 Photosynthesis

Chapter 4 Photosynthesis Chapter 4 Photosynthesis RECAP Autotrophs Organisms that make their own food Heterotrophs cannot make their own food get energy from other organisms Photoautotroph use the suns energy Chemoautotroph use

More information

Photosynthesis. All Materials Cmassengale

Photosynthesis. All Materials Cmassengale Photosynthesis All Materials Cmassengale I. Capturing the Energy of Life A. All organisms require energy B. Some organisms (autotrophs) obtain energy directly from the sun and store it in organic compounds

More information

Energy for Life 12/11/14. Light Absorption in Chloroplasts

Energy for Life 12/11/14. Light Absorption in Chloroplasts Energy for Life Biochemical pathways A series of reactions where the products of one reaction is used in the next reaction Light Absorption in Chloroplasts Chloroplasts Two membranes Grana- layered stacks

More information

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Survey

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Survey Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Survey Multiple Choice - Choose the best and most complete answer. 1. Which type of energy transformation occurs in photosynthesis? A. heat to electrical B. light

More information

AP Bio-Ms.Bell Unit#3 Cellular Energies Name

AP Bio-Ms.Bell Unit#3 Cellular Energies Name AP Bio-Ms.Bell Unit#3 Cellular Energies Name 1. Base your answer to the following question on the image below. 7. Base your answer to the following question on Which of the following choices correctly

More information

Lesson Overview. Photosynthesis: An Overview. Lesson Overview. 8.2 Photosynthesis: An Overview

Lesson Overview. Photosynthesis: An Overview. Lesson Overview. 8.2 Photosynthesis: An Overview Lesson Overview 8.2 Photosynthesis: An Overview Light and pigments Energy from the sun travels to Earth in the form of light. Sunlight is a mixture of different wavelengths. The wavelengths we see is known

More information

IN THE PAST WEEKS WE SPOKE ABOUT THE 4 ORGANIC MOLECULES THAT ARE INSIDE THE CELL, SUCH AS PROTEINS, CARBOHYDRATES, LIPIDS AND NUCLEIC ACIDS

IN THE PAST WEEKS WE SPOKE ABOUT THE 4 ORGANIC MOLECULES THAT ARE INSIDE THE CELL, SUCH AS PROTEINS, CARBOHYDRATES, LIPIDS AND NUCLEIC ACIDS IN THE PAST WEEKS WE SPOKE ABOUT THE 4 ORGANIC MOLECULES THAT ARE INSIDE THE CELL, SUCH AS PROTEINS, CARBOHYDRATES, LIPIDS AND NUCLEIC ACIDS CARBOHYDRATES ARE THE IMMEDIATE SOURCE OF ENERGY FOR THE CELL

More information

Complete the notes on photosynthesis in the spaces below.

Complete the notes on photosynthesis in the spaces below. Section: 3.2 Name: Opening Activity: What type of energy is absorbed by pigment molecules in plant cells to start photosynthesis? Latin Root Word: Review of Old Information: ATP then provides the energy

More information

Ch. 9 - Cellular Respiration/Fermentation Study Guide

Ch. 9 - Cellular Respiration/Fermentation Study Guide Ch. 9 - Cellular Respiration/Fermentation Study Guide A. Introduction 1. All living things need energy for metabolism. a. Plants produce glucose through photosynthesis; break down glucose during cellular

More information

Chemical Energy and ATP. Autotrophs and Heterotrophs. Living things need to survive.

Chemical Energy and ATP. Autotrophs and Heterotrophs. Living things need to survive. 8-1 Energy And Life Autotrophs and Heterotrophs Living things need to survive. This energy comes from food. The energy in most food comes from the. Where do plants get the energy they need to produce food?

More information

DAY 1 Photosynthesis. - Chemical reaction - Compared to respiration

DAY 1 Photosynthesis. - Chemical reaction - Compared to respiration DAY 1 Photosynthesis - Chemical reaction - Compared to respiration Photosynthesis Photosynthesis Song Brainpop Photosynthesis The Sun is the ultimate source of mostly all energy on Earth! Autotrophs: are

More information

Essential Question: How does energy flow through the processes of Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration? Page 92. Cellular Respiration ENERGY ATP

Essential Question: How does energy flow through the processes of Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration? Page 92. Cellular Respiration ENERGY ATP Essential Question: How does energy flow through the processes of Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration? Page 92 ATP Cellular Respiration ENERGY Photosynthesis Page 92 Essential Question: How does energy

More information

The Life of a Cell. The Chemistry of Life. A View of the Cell. Cellular Transport and the Cell Cycle. Energy in a Cell

The Life of a Cell. The Chemistry of Life. A View of the Cell. Cellular Transport and the Cell Cycle. Energy in a Cell The Life of a Cell The Chemistry of Life A View of the Cell Cellular Transport and the Cell Cycle Energy in a Cell Chapter 9 Energy in a Cell 9.1: The Need for Energy 9.1: Section Check 9.2: Photosynthesis:

More information

Chloroplasts and Mitochondria

Chloroplasts and Mitochondria Chloroplasts and Mitochondria Plant cells and some Algae contain an organelle called the chloroplast. The chloroplast allows plants to harvest energy from sunlight to carry on a process known as Photosynthesis.

More information

PHOTOSYNTHESIS Autotrophs Heterotrophs ENERGY

PHOTOSYNTHESIS Autotrophs Heterotrophs ENERGY Did You Know? How Plants Make Food That most of the Oxygen in the air is thought to be from PHOTOSYNTHESIS Nutrition Autotrophs (make their own food) Ex) Green plants, protists, algae, phytoplankton Nutrition

More information

4 GETTING READY TO LEARN Preview Key Concepts 4.1 Chemical Energy and ATP All cells need chemical energy.

4 GETTING READY TO LEARN Preview Key Concepts 4.1 Chemical Energy and ATP All cells need chemical energy. CHAPTER 4 Cells and Energy GETTING READY TO LEARN Preview Key Concepts 4.1 Chemical Energy and ATP All cells need chemical energy. 4.2 Overview of Photosynthesis The overall process of photosynthesis produces

More information

Cell Structure and Function

Cell Structure and Function Cell Structure and Function Key Concepts How does a cell obtain energy? How do some cells make food molecules? Cells and Energy What do you think? Read the two statements below and decide whether you agree

More information

Biology Chapter 8 Test: Cellular Energy

Biology Chapter 8 Test: Cellular Energy Class: Date: Biology Chapter 8 Test: Cellular Energy True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. 1. During the light-independent reactions of photosynthesis, light energy is used to split

More information

Draw, label, and color

Draw, label, and color Vocab Cell Energy 1. Autotroph 2. ATP (adenosine triphosphate) 3. Chloroplast 4. Photosynthesis 5. Pigment 6. Chlorophyll 7. Thylakoid 8. Photosystem 9. Stroma 10. Light-dependent reactions 11. Calvin

More information

Photosynthesis Prep Test

Photosynthesis Prep Test Photosynthesis Prep Test Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. What are the three parts of an ATP molecule? a. adenine, thylakoid, and a phosphate

More information

Unit 4 Bioenergetics Test Review

Unit 4 Bioenergetics Test Review Section A: Adenosine Triphosphate Unit 4 Bioenergetics Test Review Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is the energy molecule used by all cells to do work. It is a nucleotide consisting of adenine (a base), ribose

More information

Chloroplasts and Mitochondria

Chloroplasts and Mitochondria Name: Chloroplasts and Mitochondria Plant cells and some algae contain an organelle called the chloroplast. The chloroplast allows plants to harvest energy from sunlight to carry on a process known as

More information

Ch. 10- Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air

Ch. 10- Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air Ch. 10- Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air 2007-2008 Ch. 10 Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air 2007-2008 Energy needs of life All life needs a constant input of energy consumers Heterotrophs

More information

1. How is a partially charged battery like ADP?

1. How is a partially charged battery like ADP? Name The chart below shows key terms from the lesson with their definitions. Complete the chart by writing a strategy to help you remember the meaning of each term. One has been done for you. Term Definition

More information

Cellular Energy. How Organisms Obtain Energy Section 2: Photosynthesis Section 3: Cellular Respiration. Click on a lesson name to select.

Cellular Energy. How Organisms Obtain Energy Section 2: Photosynthesis Section 3: Cellular Respiration. Click on a lesson name to select. Section 1: How Organisms Obtain Energy Section 2: Photosynthesis Section 3: Cellular Respiration Click on a lesson name to select. Section 1 How Organisms Obtain Energy Transformation of Energy Energy

More information

Chloroplasts and Mitochondria

Chloroplasts and Mitochondria Name Date Your # Chloroplasts and Mitochondria Plant cells and some Algae contain an organelle called the chloroplast. The chloroplast allows plants to harvest energy from sunlight to carry on a process

More information

The main form of energy from the sun is in the form of electromagnetic radiation. Visible radiation (white light) used for photosynthesis ROY G.

The main form of energy from the sun is in the form of electromagnetic radiation. Visible radiation (white light) used for photosynthesis ROY G. PHOTOSYNTHESIS The main form of energy from the sun is in the form of electromagnetic radiation Visible radiation (white light) used for photosynthesis ROY G. BIV The electromagnetic spectrum A Red Object

More information

5. The cells in the liver that detoxify poison substances contain lots of a. smooth ER b. rough ER c. Golgi apparatus d. lysosomes e.

5. The cells in the liver that detoxify poison substances contain lots of a. smooth ER b. rough ER c. Golgi apparatus d. lysosomes e. Chapter 7 practice 1. What scientist originally came up with the term "cell"? a. von Leeuwenhoek d. Watson b. Hooke e. Virchow c. van der Waals 2. When you wish to look at the coat of a virus on the surface

More information

Unit 5 Cellular Energy

Unit 5 Cellular Energy Unit 5 Cellular Energy I. Enzymes (159) 1.Are CATALYSTS: Speed up chemical reactions that would otherwise happen too slowly to support life. Catalysts DO NOT make reactions happen that couldn t happen

More information

Energy and Life. Lesson Overview. Lesson Overview. 8.1 Energy and Life

Energy and Life. Lesson Overview. Lesson Overview. 8.1 Energy and Life 8.1 Chemical Energy and ATP Energy is the ability to do work. Your cells are busy using energy to build new molecules, contract muscles, and carry out active transport. Without the ability to obtain and

More information

X Biology I. Unit 1-4: Cellular Energy

X Biology I. Unit 1-4: Cellular Energy NOTE/STUDY GUIDE: Unit 1-4, Cellular Energy X Biology I, Mr. Doc Miller, M.Ed. North Central High School Name: ID#: NORTH CENTRAL HIGH SCHOOL NOTE & STUDY GUIDE X Biology I Unit 1-4: Cellular Energy Additional

More information

Unit 8: Energy Conversions in Cells

Unit 8: Energy Conversions in Cells Unit 8: Energy Conversions in Cells Name: Period: Test Date: 1 Table of Contents Title of Page Page Number Due Date Unit 8 Warm-Ups 3-4 Notes 5-6 Chloroplast (Read and color) 7-8 Starch Production in Photosynthesis

More information

Overview of Photosynthesis

Overview of Photosynthesis Overview of Photosynthesis Introduction to Biochemistry - Part II 1 Autotrophs & Heterotrophs The energy available in most food comes from the sun, whether directly or indirectly Plants and some other

More information

Draw, label, and color

Draw, label, and color Vocab Cell Energy 1. Autotroph 2. ATP (adenosine triphosphate) 3. Chloroplast 4. Photosynthesis 5. Pigment 6. Chlorophyll 7. Thylakoid 8. Photosystem 9. Stroma 10. Light-dependent reactions 11. Calvin

More information

Cell Energy: Photosynthesis & Respiration

Cell Energy: Photosynthesis & Respiration Cell Energy: Photosynthesis & Respiration Today s Learning Goals In plants, chlorophyll (found in chloroplasts) captures energy from the sun in order to make food during photosynthesis (Review) Cells release

More information

Lesson Overview. 8.2 Photosynthesis: An Overview

Lesson Overview. 8.2 Photosynthesis: An Overview 8.2 Photosynthesis: An Overview Light Energy from the sun travels to Earth in the form of light. Sunlight is a mixture of different wavelengths Light Our eyes see the different wavelengths of the visible

More information

Photosynthesis An Overview

Photosynthesis An Overview Photosynthesis Photosynthesis An Overview Living things get energy from food Food is broken down and energy is stored as ATP Heterotrophs have to consume other organisms for energy Autotrophs are able

More information

1/25/2018. Bio 1101 Lec. 5, Part A Chapter 6: Cellular Respiration

1/25/2018. Bio 1101 Lec. 5, Part A Chapter 6: Cellular Respiration 1 2 3 4 5 Bio 1101 Lec. 5, Part A Chapter 6: Cellular Respiration Energy is needed by cells to do work Chemical energy, a form of potential energy, is stored in bonds of food molecules (such as glucose)

More information

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Note-taking Guide

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Note-taking Guide Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Note-taking Guide Preview to Photosynthesis glucose, reactions, light-dependent, Calvin cycle, thylakoid, photosystem II, oxygen, light-harvesting, two, chloroplasts,

More information

Ev e ry living c e l l needs a source of

Ev e ry living c e l l needs a source of 12 Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Ev e ry living c e l l needs a source of energy. Without energy, metabolism all of the chemical reactions that occur within cells will not occur. In this activity,

More information

Cellular Energetics Review

Cellular Energetics Review Cellular Energetics Review 1. What two molecules are formed when a phosphate is removed from ATP? 2. Describe how photosynthesis and cellular respiration are reverse processes. 3. What is the function

More information

Chapter 8: Photosynthesis

Chapter 8: Photosynthesis Name: KEY Class: Date Chapter 8: Photosynthesis Section 8-1 Energy and Life (pages 201-203) Autotrophs and Heterotrophs (page 201) 1. Where does the energy of food originally come from? The sun, plants

More information

photosynthesis notes Biology Junction Everything you need in Biology Photosynthesis All Materials Cmassengale I. Capturing the Energy of Life

photosynthesis notes Biology Junction Everything you need in Biology Photosynthesis All Materials Cmassengale I. Capturing the Energy of Life Biology Junction Everything you need in Biology photosynthesis notes Photosynthesis All Materials Cmassengale I. Capturing the Energy of Life 1. All organisms require energy 2. Some organisms (autotrophs)

More information

Photosynthesis. Dr. Bertolotti

Photosynthesis. Dr. Bertolotti Photosynthesis Dr. Bertolotti Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air How do plants and other organisms capture energy from the sun? What is ATP and why is it useful in cells? Plants are energy producers

More information

Respiration and Photosynthesis. The Ying and Yang of Life.

Respiration and Photosynthesis. The Ying and Yang of Life. Respiration and Photosynthesis The Ying and Yang of Life. Why? You ve always been told that you must eat and breathe. Why? In this unit we will attempt to answer those questions. 1 st Law of Thermodynamics

More information

1. Plants and other autotrophs are the producers of the biosphere

1. Plants and other autotrophs are the producers of the biosphere 1. Plants and other autotrophs are the producers of the biosphere Photosynthesis nourishes almost all of the living world directly or indirectly. All organisms require organic compounds for energy and

More information

1. Plants and other autotrophs are the producers of the biosphere

1. Plants and other autotrophs are the producers of the biosphere 1. Plants and other autotrophs are the producers of the biosphere Photosynthesis nourishes almost all of the living world directly or indirectly. All organisms require organic compounds for energy and

More information

Resources. Biology EOC Review. ATP, Photosynthesis, Cellular RespiraEon Chapter 4 Pg 100

Resources. Biology EOC Review. ATP, Photosynthesis, Cellular RespiraEon Chapter 4 Pg 100 Textbook Pg 100-102 Khan Academy Bozman science UCBerkley Brightstorm Classzone.com Resources Biology EOC Review ATP, Photosynthesis, Cellular RespiraEon Chapter 4 Pg 100 1 What You Need to Know! You need

More information