The Flowering Plant and Photosynthesis

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "The Flowering Plant and Photosynthesis"

Transcription

1 The Flowering Plant and Photosynthesis

2 AIM To name and identify some common Irish trees To identify the parts of a flowering plant To list the function of the flowers, stem, leaves and roots To explain what photosynthesis is and why it is important

3 Lifecycle of a Flowering Plant

4 Plants Algae Mosses Ferns Conifers Flowering Plants Seaweed Live in damp places Produce seeds in cones Most advanced type of plant. Include Oak, Ash, Chestnut Trees, Grasses, Cereals (wheat, oats, barley) and flowers (daffodils, tulips, daisies, dandelions)

5 Main features of flowering plants: Normally divided into roots, stems & leaves Special cells (tissues) allow plants to transport water, minerals & food throughout the plant Produce flowers (not always brightly coloured) Reproduce using seeds Seeds are enclsed in fruits

6 Introduction to Flowering The Root The Stem The Leaves The Buds The Flowers Plants

7 The Roots The roots hold (anchor) the plants in the ground and take up nutrients and water. Some roots are swollen and contain food e.g carrots Roots grow down because of gravity. Nutrients taken up by roots include nitrogen, phosphorus & potassium

8 The Stem Stems support & hold plants upright so they can obtain sunlight. Stems also carry food and water to all parts of the plant. The stem moves and grows to keep leaves turned towards light. Buds = potential growth point for new leaves or flowers

9 The Leaf The leaves give out or transpire water. Green plants are able to make their own food in a process called photosynthesis. When sunlight is present the leaves use light energy and take in carbon dioxide which is converted into sugars and starches which can be stored. Oxygen passes back to the atmosphere through the stomata. F:\Midleton CBS\leaffactories.pdf Leaf Blade Veins Petiole Midrib

10 Functions of the Parts of a Plant Root Stem Leaf Flower 1 To anchor the plant To hold up the leaves, flowers and fruit To make food (photosynthesi s) To make seeds during reproduction 2 3 To absorb water and minerals Some plants store food e.g. carrots To allow transport of water and minerals from the roots and food up and down To allow the plant to lose water vapour To allow exchange of gases

11 Photosynthesis

12 Photosynthesis Photosynthesis uses the energy of light to make the sugar, glucose. A general equation for photosynthesis is: 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O + light C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 Carbon Dioxide + Water + Light Energy --> Glucose + Oxygen F:\Midleton CBS\Howdoplantsmakefood.pdf

13 Importance of Photosynthesis 1. It produces glucose needed by both plants and animals 2. It produces oxygen gas needed for respiration 3. It removes CO 2 fom the air.

14 Water Transport Water carried in tiny tubes (veins) through plant Stomata (tiny pores) underneath leaves allow water evaporate into air Transpiration is the loss of water vapour from a plant The transpiration stream is a flow of water from the roots to the leaves of a plant Water (soil) Roots Stem Leaves Stomata Air

15 Factors affecting rate of transpiration 1. Sunlight: causes stomata to open increases transpiration 2. Wind: removes water vapour from leaf, on windy day increased transpiration 3. Soil water: the greater the amount of soil water, the greater the transpiration 4. Humidity: is the amount of water vapour in the air. The less water vapour there is in the air (less humid), the greater the rate of transpiration

16 Functions of Transpiration Supplies water to leaves for photosynthesis Supplies minerals to leaves minerals dissolved in water enter throught the roots Helps cool plants (like sweating cools the human body)

17 Mineral Transport Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium (& many others) are dissolved in water in soil Plants need minerals to grow A lack of minerals plants lose green colour & do not grow Fertilisers added to oil to add minerals Food Transport Plants have 2 types of transport/vascular tissue 1. XYLEM 2. PHLOEM They both carry liquid around plant They form continuous tubes in the plant, i.e. they re found in roots, stems, leaves and flowers

18 Xylem Carries water and dissolved minerals from roots to leaves Often forms hard tissue, e.g. forms wood in trees Phloem Carries food (sucrose a sugar) in plants Phloem is a softer tissue than Xylem

Transport, Storage and Gas Exchange in Flowering Plants

Transport, Storage and Gas Exchange in Flowering Plants Sixth Year Biology Transport, Storage and Gas Exchange in Flowering Plants Miss Rochford In this topic: Uptake and transport of: Water and minerals Carbon dioxide Gas exchange Transport of photosynthesis

More information

Exchanging Materials in Plants

Exchanging Materials in Plants Exchanging Materials in Plants 1 of 23 Boardworks Ltd 2012 2 of 23 Boardworks Ltd 2012 3 of 23 Boardworks Ltd 2012 All living things need to exchange materials Plants need to obtain certain materials for

More information

2018 Version. Photosynthesis Junior Science

2018 Version. Photosynthesis Junior Science 2018 Version Photosynthesis Junior Science 1 Plants fill the role of Producers in a community Plants are special because they have leaves and are able to produce their own food by the process of photosynthesis

More information

Life Science. Structure of a plant; Plants are living organisms just like. animals and humans. Like all living. things they need key things to live;

Life Science. Structure of a plant; Plants are living organisms just like. animals and humans. Like all living. things they need key things to live; 6.6.3 Life Science Structure of a plant; Plants are living organisms just like animals and humans. Like all living things they need key things to live; water, sunlight, oxygen and food. Plants are different

More information

Organization of Plant Tissue. Wednesday, March 2, 16

Organization of Plant Tissue. Wednesday, March 2, 16 Organization of Plant Tissue Plant Systems Shoot System The Leaf The Stem The Flower Root System The Shoot System Has two main functions: to conduct photosynthesis and to produce flowers for sexual reproduction

More information

Earth Has a Rich Diversity of Plants. Plant Structure, Nutrition, and Transport. Angiosperms: Monocots and Dicots. Angiosperms: Dicots

Earth Has a Rich Diversity of Plants. Plant Structure, Nutrition, and Transport. Angiosperms: Monocots and Dicots. Angiosperms: Dicots Plant Structure, Nutrition, and Transport Earth Has a Rich Diversity of Plants There are over 280,000 different plant species organized into four major groups: bryophytes (mosses), seedless vascular plants,

More information

The three principal organs of seed plants are roots, stems, and leaves.

The three principal organs of seed plants are roots, stems, and leaves. 23 1 Specialized Tissues in Plants Seed Plant Structure The three principal organs of seed plants are roots, stems, and leaves. 1 of 34 23 1 Specialized Tissues in Plants Seed Plant Structure Roots: absorb

More information

Unit B: Cells and Systems

Unit B: Cells and Systems Unit B: Cells and Systems Topic 4: Fluid Movement in Cells The Cell Membrane A cell membrane allows some to enter or leave the cell, while stopping other substances. It is a selectively membrane. (A permeable

More information

Discuss: March 15, Plants part 2.notebook NITROGEN CYCLE. Animated Nitrogen Cycle. Jan 3 5:33 PM. Jan 3 8:20 PM. Carbon Cycle BrainPOP

Discuss: March 15, Plants part 2.notebook NITROGEN CYCLE. Animated Nitrogen Cycle. Jan 3 5:33 PM. Jan 3 8:20 PM. Carbon Cycle BrainPOP Plant Kingdom Review What cycles are needed for plant life? - Carbon-Oxygen Cycle (including Photosynthesis) - Nitrogen Cycle - Water Cycle Let's take a look at the first two... Jan 3 5:33 PM Jan 3 8:20

More information

Roots, Shoots & Leaves

Roots, Shoots & Leaves Name Test Date Hour Plant Structure & Function #2 - Notebook Roots, Shoots & Leaves LEARNING TARGETS I can describe the functions of roots I can explain the nitrogen fixing process and why it is needed.

More information

Introduction to Plant Transport

Introduction to Plant Transport Introduction to Plant Transport The algal ancestors of plants were completely immersed in water and dissolved minerals. The adaptation to land involved the differentiation of the plant body into roots,

More information

Organs and leaf structure

Organs and leaf structure Organs and leaf structure Different types of tissues are arranged together to form organs. Structure: 2 parts (Petiole and Leaf Blade) Thin flat blade, large surface area Leaves contain all 3 types of

More information

23 Structure of Flowering Plants

23 Structure of Flowering Plants 23 Structure of Flowering Plants Flowering plants first evolved around 125 million years ago. www.mrcbiology.com 1 23 Structure of Flowering Plants www.mrcbiology.com 2 24 Structure of Flowering Plants

More information

Haveouts Guided Notes Pen/pencil CAV Card DFAD

Haveouts Guided Notes Pen/pencil CAV Card DFAD Haveouts Guided Notes Pen/pencil CAV Card DFAD Do First: Answer the following 3 questions in your DFAD Skip #1 in our DFAD I will only be grading #2 and #3 from your Do First today. Photosynthesis takes

More information

Name Date Block. Plant Structures

Name Date Block. Plant Structures Name Date Block What are the Functions of Roots, Stems, and Leaves? Plant Structures Each part of a plant plays an important role in its structure and function. Roots, stems, and leaves are just three

More information

UNIT 3. PLANTS. PRIMARY 4/ Natural Science Pedro Antonio López Hernández

UNIT 3. PLANTS. PRIMARY 4/ Natural Science Pedro Antonio López Hernández UNIT 3. PLANTS PRIMARY 4/ Natural Science Pedro Antonio López Hernández They help to keep it in place. Roots They take in the water and minerals a plant needs to make its food. They support the leaves.

More information

2 sentences. Why your first answer was wrong Why your new answer is correct

2 sentences. Why your first answer was wrong Why your new answer is correct 2 sentences Why your first answer was wrong Why your new answer is correct Which biochemical process is outlined in the diagram? A. Anaerobic Respiration B. Aerobic Respiration C. Photosynthesis D. Transpiration

More information

Biology 2 Chapter 21 Review

Biology 2 Chapter 21 Review Biology 2 Chapter 21 Review Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which of the following is not a tissue system of vascular plants? a. vascular

More information

Plant Structure and Function. Roots, Stems, and Leaves

Plant Structure and Function. Roots, Stems, and Leaves Plant Structure and Function Roots, Stems, and Leaves What is a Plant? Plants are living things that have: roots, stems, and leaves (some have flowers) Plants are made of cells that have cell walls, a

More information

Plants can be either herbaceous or woody.

Plants can be either herbaceous or woody. Plant Structure Plants can be either herbaceous or woody. Herbaceous plants are plants with growth which dies back to the ground each year, in contrast with woody plants Most herbaceous plants have stems

More information

Tree Physiology. Sara Rose

Tree Physiology. Sara Rose Tree Physiology Sara Rose What is a Tree? U.S. Forest Service Woody plants that have well-developed stems and that usually are more than 12 feet tall at maturity. Merriam-Webster A woody perennial plant

More information

Plants Notes. Plant Behavior Phototropism - growing towards light

Plants Notes. Plant Behavior Phototropism - growing towards light Plants Notes Plant Behavior Phototropism - growing towards light Geotropism - roots knowing which direction is down Thigmotropism - a plant's response to touch Ex. a vine wrapping around and climbing a

More information

Plants. SC.912.L.14.7 Relate the structure of each of the major plant organs and tissues to physiological processes.

Plants. SC.912.L.14.7 Relate the structure of each of the major plant organs and tissues to physiological processes. Plants SC.912.L.14.7 Relate the structure of each of the major plant organs and tissues to physiological processes. 1. Students will explain how the structures of plant tissues and organs are directly

More information

Chapter C3: Multicellular Organisms Plants

Chapter C3: Multicellular Organisms Plants Chapter C3: Multicellular Organisms Plants Multicellular Organisms Multicellular organisms have specialized cells of many different types that allow them to grow to a larger size than single-celled organisms.

More information

1.1 The Body of Seed Plants Seed Plants those

1.1 The Body of Seed Plants Seed Plants those 1.1 The Body of Seed Plants Seed Plants those plants that make seeds. come in all shapes and sizes. have the same structures, which do the same job in all plants. Structures: Flowers each flower usually

More information

Autotrophs/producers- make own energy through

Autotrophs/producers- make own energy through Name Class EXAM Date Unit 11 Plant Kingdom Characteristics of Plants Multicellular- made of cells Eukaryotes- have & membrane bound organelles Cell - made of Autotrophs/producers- make own energy through

More information

Plant parts and their functions

Plant parts and their functions UNIT 8 Plant parts and their functions In unit 2, we learnt about the classification and basic parts of plants. Here, we will learn in greater details about the different functions carried out by the plant

More information

BRAINSTORM ACTIVITY What do we depend on plants for?

BRAINSTORM ACTIVITY What do we depend on plants for? SBI3U1 BRAINSTORM ACTIVITY What do we depend on plants for? STOP! THINK! PAIR! SHARE! With your partner, brainstorm 5 significant uses of plants. Write them down. Now share your ideas with the rest of

More information

Ch Plants.Biology.Landis

Ch Plants.Biology.Landis Nom de plume Chapt2 Chapter 22 - Plant Diversity Section 22 1 Introduction to Plants (pages 551 555) This section explains what a plant is and describes what plants need to survive. It also explains how

More information

B2 Quick Revision Questions. B2 for AQA GCSE examination 2018 onwards

B2 Quick Revision Questions. B2 for AQA GCSE examination 2018 onwards B2 Quick Revision Questions Question 1 Which raw materials are used in photosynthesis and what are the products of the reaction? Answer 1 Carbon dioxide Water Glucose Oxygen Question 2 What type of reaction

More information

Unit 3: Lesson 12 Plant Structure: Leaves

Unit 3: Lesson 12 Plant Structure: Leaves NAME: DATE: Unit 3: Lesson 12 Plant Structure: Leaves Use these words to label the picture of the simple leaf. petiole midrib veins blade stoma stem blade - the broad flat part of a leaf midrib the central

More information

Bio Factsheet. Transport in Plants. Number 342

Bio Factsheet. Transport in Plants.   Number 342 Number 342 Transport in Plants This Factsheet: Explains why plants need a transport system Describes what plants transport Describes the tissues which carry out transport Outlines the position of the xylem

More information

23 4 Leaves Slide 1 of 32

23 4 Leaves Slide 1 of 32 23 4 Leaves 1 of 32 Leaf Structure The structure of a leaf is optimized for absorbing light and carrying out photosynthesis. 2 of 32 Leaf Structure To collect sunlight, most leaves have thin, flattened

More information

Plants and Photosynthesis. Chapters 6 and 31

Plants and Photosynthesis. Chapters 6 and 31 Plants and Photosynthesis Chapters 6 and 31 Unit 11, Lecture 1 Topics: Introduction to Plants The Shoot System: The Flower Covers information from: Chapter 31 (PG 598 619) Terms to Describe Plants Eukaryotic

More information

Transportation in Plants

Transportation in Plants Transportation in Plants Bell Ringer - 5 Min Why do you need transportation in living organisms? Explain your answer with a suitable example. Water movement through plants How does water move through a

More information

UNIT 3. PLANTS. 5 primary / Natural Science Pedro Antonio López Hernández Colegio La Presentación de Granada

UNIT 3. PLANTS. 5 primary / Natural Science Pedro Antonio López Hernández Colegio La Presentación de Granada UNIT 3. PLANTS 5 primary / Natural Science Pedro Antonio López Hernández Colegio La Presentación de Granada CHARACTERISTICS OF PLANTS A plant is a living thing with limited mobility. There are many different

More information

Biology. Slide 1 of 32. End Show. Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall

Biology. Slide 1 of 32. End Show. Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Biology 1 of 32 23 4 Leaves 2 of 32 Leaf Structure Leaf Structure How does the structure of a leaf enable it to carry out photosynthesis? 3 of 32 Leaf Structure The structure of a leaf is optimized for

More information

Unit 1 Plants - Extra Worksheets

Unit 1 Plants - Extra Worksheets Unit 1 Plants - Extra Worksheets 1 Complete the sentences using the words in the box. Plants can make their own using light from the. They also need carbon gas and. 2 Label the parts of the diagram to

More information

Structures and Functions of Living Organisms

Structures and Functions of Living Organisms Structures and Functions of Living Organisms Date: 6.L.1 Understand the structures, processes and behaviors of plants that enable them to survive and reproduce. 6.L.1.1 Summarize the basic structures and

More information

1 Evolution of Plants

1 Evolution of Plants 1 Evolution of Plants Plant Evolutionary Tree 1 How Did Plant Life Begin? BIBLICAL WORLDVIEW EVOLUTIONARY WORLDVIEW The Biblical worldview is that plants began on the third day of creation, created by

More information

22 1 Introduction to Plants Slide 2 of 33

22 1 Introduction to Plants Slide 2 of 33 2 of 33 What Is a Plant? What is a plant? 3 of 33 What Is a Plant? What Is a Plant? Plants are multicellular eukaryotes that have cell walls made of cellulose. Plants develop from multicellular embryos

More information

Structures and Functions of Living Organisms

Structures and Functions of Living Organisms Structures and Functions of Living Organisms 6.L.1 Understand the structures, processes and behaviors of plants that enable them to survive and reproduce. 6.L.1.1 Summarize the basic structures and functions

More information

UNIT A: Basic Principles of Plant Science with a focus on Field Crops. Lesson 1: Examining Plant Structures and Functions

UNIT A: Basic Principles of Plant Science with a focus on Field Crops. Lesson 1: Examining Plant Structures and Functions UNIT A: Basic Principles of Plant Science with a focus on Field Crops Lesson 1: Examining Plant Structures and Functions 1 Terms Alternate leaf arrangement Bulb Cell Cell specialization Cladophyll Compound

More information

ì<(sk$m)=bdjidf< +^-Ä-U-Ä-U

ì<(sk$m)=bdjidf< +^-Ä-U-Ä-U Genre Comprehension Skill Text Features Science Content Nonfiction Compare and Contrast Labels Captions Plants Diagrams Glossary Scott Foresman Science 6.5 ì

More information

Plants! Plants. Plants. Plants. Plant Classifications. Plant Classifications. All plants are multi-cellular, autotrophic.

Plants! Plants. Plants. Plants. Plant Classifications. Plant Classifications. All plants are multi-cellular, autotrophic. Plants Plants! An introduction All plants are multi-cellular, autotrophic. Lots of cells. Produces its own food using chlorophyll. Has a Nucleus. Plants The plant kingdom is one of the largest groups of

More information

4 General Characteristics:

4 General Characteristics: 1 The Plant Kingdom 4 General Characteristics: 1) Multi-celled organisms 2) Plants make their own food by photosynthesis 3) They have chloroplasts chloroplasts- organelle where photosynthesis takes place

More information

Classification Study Guide Answers. March 30th, 2017

Classification Study Guide Answers. March 30th, 2017 Classification Study Guide Answers March 30th, 2017 1. Why do scientists classify organisms? What is the basis for modern day classification? Scientists classify organisms to be able to understand characteristics

More information

Transport of substances in plants

Transport of substances in plants Transport of substances in plants We have already looked at why many organisms need transport systems with special reference to surface area and volume. The larger the volume : surface area ratio, the

More information

Plant Kingdom Introduction

Plant Kingdom Introduction Plant Kingdom Introduction Remember Photosynthesis! Sun + 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 Remember Respiration! C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O + ATP + heat Plant Kingdom All Plants: Eukaryotic Multi-cellular

More information

What were some challenges that plants had to overcome as they moved to land? Drying out in the sun Conserving water Reproduction without water

What were some challenges that plants had to overcome as they moved to land? Drying out in the sun Conserving water Reproduction without water Classification of Plants (Ch. 22) The 3 major characteristics that make an organism a plant are: Multicellular eukaryote Cell walls with cellulose Carry out photosynthesis Plants most likely evolved from:

More information

The Plant Kingdom If you were to walk around a forest, what would you see? Most things that you would probably name are plants.

The Plant Kingdom If you were to walk around a forest, what would you see? Most things that you would probably name are plants. INTRODUCTION TO PLANTS The Plant Kingdom If you were to walk around a forest, what would you see? Most things that you would probably name are plants. Plants are abundant in almost every environment that

More information

Structures of Seed Plants

Structures of Seed Plants CHAPTER 12 SECTION 4 Introduction to Plants Structures of Seed Plants BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What are the functions of roots and stems?

More information

Introduction to Plant Transport

Introduction to Plant Transport Introduction to Plant Transport The algal ancestors of plants were completely immersed in water and dissolved minerals. The adaptation to land involved the differentiation of the plant body into roots,

More information

Photosynthesis. So, to review, for photosynthesis to occur a plant needs: Water Chemical Energy from Sunlight Chlorophyll Carbon Dioxide

Photosynthesis. So, to review, for photosynthesis to occur a plant needs: Water Chemical Energy from Sunlight Chlorophyll Carbon Dioxide Photosynthesis Photosynthesis is one of the most important natural processes that occur. It is also one of the hardest processes to understand. If you are not sure what exactly photosynthesis is do not

More information

Downloaded from

Downloaded from Getting to Know Plants 1 1.Plants having leaves with reticulate venation have. (A) Fibrous roots. (B) Supporting roots. (C) Tap root. (D) 2.On a hot summer day the leaves of a plant drop down because

More information

DeltaScience. Content Readers. Summary. Science Background. Objectives. Reading Comprehension Skills. Supporting English Learners

DeltaScience. Content Readers. Summary. Science Background. Objectives. Reading Comprehension Skills. Supporting English Learners DeltaScience Content Readers TM Objectives Compare how plants are alike. Explore why animals need plants. List what plants need to live and grow. Discuss different parts of plants. Define nonvascular plants.

More information

13.2 The Vascular Plant Body (textbook p )

13.2 The Vascular Plant Body (textbook p ) 13.2 The Vascular Plant Body (textbook p544 550) Learning Goal: Label and explain the anatomy of the Vascular Plant and it's Tissue Types Plants are classified into two main groups: and. Vascular plants

More information

SCI-4 BNES 4.4 Summative Exam not valid for Paper Pencil Test Sessions

SCI-4 BNES 4.4 Summative Exam not valid for Paper Pencil Test Sessions SCI-4 BNES 4.4 Summative Exam not valid for Paper Pencil Test Sessions [Exam ID:1LEHLS 1 Which seed is carried by the wind? A B C D 2 Which section of the plant is the roots? A Section 3 B Section 1 C

More information

Root cross-section (Ranunculus)

Root cross-section (Ranunculus) Plant Lab Review Root cross-section (Ranunculus) Epidermis Cortex Vascular Cylinder Phloem Endodermis Xylem Ranunculus Root Cross section Give three functions of the root Anchor plant Absorb water and

More information

All about plants: Overview of Plants

All about plants: Overview of Plants All about plants: Overview of Plants Plants (also called autotrophs or producers) trap energy from the sun by photosynthesis & store it in organic compounds; contain chlorophyll inside of chloroplasts;

More information

Chapter What is a Plant? Biology. Slide 1 of 33. End Show. Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall

Chapter What is a Plant? Biology. Slide 1 of 33. End Show. Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Chapter 22.1 Biology What is a Plant? 1 of 33 Objectives 1. Describe the basic characteristics of life. 2. Describe what plants need to survive. 3. Describe the life cycle of plants. 4. Describe how the

More information

Name Date. Classifying Plants. Created by: Cammie s Corner

Name Date. Classifying Plants. Created by: Cammie s Corner 1 Name Date Classifying Plants The Structure of Plants 2 3 main parts: 1. Roots- take in water and nutrients from the soil. 2. Stems- move water and nutrients from the roots to the leaves. 3. Leaves- capture

More information

Kingdom Plantae. A Brief Survey of Plants

Kingdom Plantae. A Brief Survey of Plants Kingdom Plantae A Brief Survey of Plants The study of plants is called botany. Plants are believed to have evolved from green algae. The main plant (land) characteristics are as follows: 1. Common cellular

More information

DATE: NAME: CLASS: Chapter 2 Review (Alternative Format) CHAPTER 2 BLM 2-9

DATE: NAME: CLASS: Chapter 2 Review (Alternative Format) CHAPTER 2 BLM 2-9 Goal To review the concepts from Chapter 2. Reviewing Key Terms Fill in the blanks using a word from the list below. organs shoot differentiation gall epidermis root system meristem 1. The protects the

More information

The plant body has a hierarchy of organs, tissues, and cells. Plants, like multicellular animals:

The plant body has a hierarchy of organs, tissues, and cells. Plants, like multicellular animals: Chapter 28 The plant body has a hierarchy of organs, tissues, and cells Plants, like multicellular animals: o Have organs composed of different tissues, which are in turn composed of cells 3 basic organs:

More information

Simple Leaf Compound Leaf

Simple Leaf Compound Leaf Leaves Outline Overview Leaf Arrangements and Types Internal Structures of Leaves Stomata Mesophyll and Veins Specialized Leaves Autumnal Changes in Color Abscission Relevance of Leaves Overview Some of

More information

Topic 2: Plants Ch. 16,28

Topic 2: Plants Ch. 16,28 Topic 2: Plants Ch. 16,28 Characteristics of Plants p. 316 1. Multicellular eukaryotic organisms 2. Composed of tissues, organs and organ systems. 3. Cell walls made of cellulose. 4. Store energy as starch.

More information

Chapter 23: Plant Diversity and Life Cycles

Chapter 23: Plant Diversity and Life Cycles Chapter 23: Plant Diversity and Life Cycles Section 1: Introduction to Plants Cuticle: a waxy or fatty and watertight layer on the external wall of epidermal cells Spore: a reproductive cell or multicellular

More information

IGCSE Double Award Extended Coordinated Science

IGCSE Double Award Extended Coordinated Science IGCSE Double Award Extended Coordinated Science Biology 4.2 - Plant Nutrition Photosynthesis You need to know the definition of photosynthesis as: the fundamental process by which plants manufacture carbohydrates

More information

Bio 10 Lecture Notes 7: Plant Diversity, Structure and Function SRJC

Bio 10 Lecture Notes 7: Plant Diversity, Structure and Function SRJC Physiology study of the adaptations by which organisms function in their environ. 1.) Plants, Tissues and Function Plant types and their evolution Terrestrial plants evolved from aquatic green algae There

More information

Two major categories. BIOLOGY 189 Fundamentals of Life Sciences. Spring 2004 Plant Structure and Function. Plant Structure and Function

Two major categories. BIOLOGY 189 Fundamentals of Life Sciences. Spring 2004 Plant Structure and Function. Plant Structure and Function BIOLOGY 189 Fundamentals of Life Sciences Spring 2004 Plant Structure and Function 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 Examination #1 Class Average: 33/60 for 55% 4 Chapters 31-32 32 2 0 6 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55

More information

2a. General: Describe 3 specialised uses for plants. Plants can be used as: i. raw materials ii. foods iii. medicines

2a. General: Describe 3 specialised uses for plants. Plants can be used as: i. raw materials ii. foods iii. medicines 1a. General: Give examples of advantages of there being a wide variety of plants. Greater number of characteristics for breeding. Bigger choice for use as raw materials, foods and medicines. Provide different

More information

Jeddah Knowledge International School

Jeddah Knowledge International School Jeddah Knowledge International School Biology Revision Pack Answer key 2016-2017 Quarter 3 Grade 9 Name: Section: ANSWER KEY- SCIENCE GRADE 9, QUARTER 3 1 Mark Scheme Multiple Choice Part A 1. Which gas

More information

Chapter 23 Notes Roots Stems Leaves

Chapter 23 Notes Roots Stems Leaves Chapter 23 Notes Roots Stems Leaves I. Specialized tissue in plants - effective way to ensure the plant s survival A. Seed plant structure 1. Roots - a. Absorbs water and dissolves nutrients b. anchors

More information

b. Leaf: 7. Where are most of the plants carbohydrates made? 8. Where are carbohydrates stored for future use?

b. Leaf: 7. Where are most of the plants carbohydrates made? 8. Where are carbohydrates stored for future use? Plant Structures 1. Circle the three main parts of the plant to the left. 2. What does each part below do for the plant? a. Stem: b. Leaf: c. Root: 3. Where does most photosynthesis occur? 4. Where are

More information

Cells, Tissues, and Systems

Cells, Tissues, and Systems Cells, Tissues, and Systems In multicellular organisms, cells specialize to carry out various functions. Many cells performing the same task make up tissues. A number of tissues grouped together to perform

More information

Transport in Plant (IGCSE Biology Syllabus )

Transport in Plant (IGCSE Biology Syllabus ) Transport in Plant (IGCSE Biology Syllabus 2016-2018) Plants have transport systems to move food, water and minerals around. These systems use continuous tubes called xylem and phloem: - Xylem vessels

More information

Plant Science SURVEY OF AGRICULTURAL SYSTEMS

Plant Science SURVEY OF AGRICULTURAL SYSTEMS Plant Science SURVEY OF AGRICULTURAL SYSTEMS Define Terms: Annual A plant that completes its life cycle in one year or less. Biennial A plant that needs two years to complete its life cycle. Dicot A plant

More information

Name: Date: Unit 6: Plant Systems

Name: Date: Unit 6: Plant Systems Name: Date: Unit 6: Plant Systems 1. Annual 2. Biennial 3. Fertilizer 4. Perennial 5. Photosynthesis 6. Plant Science 7. Respiration 8. Soil 9. Transpiration A. The outer layer of the earth s crust that

More information

Structure and Transport of a Flowering Plant

Structure and Transport of a Flowering Plant 6 th Year Biology Higher Level Wesley Hammond Structure and Transport of a Flowering Plant No part of this publication may be copied, reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic,

More information

Structure and Transport of a Flowering Plant

Structure and Transport of a Flowering Plant 6 th Year Biology Higher Level Structure and Transport of a Flowering Plant No part of this publication may be copied, reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying,

More information

Chapter 21: Plant Structure & Function

Chapter 21: Plant Structure & Function Chapter 21: Plant Structure & Function Chapter 21: Plant Structure & Function All organisms must: Take in certain materials, e.g. O 2, food, drink Eliminate other materials, e.g. CO 2, waste products Chapter

More information

(A) Buds (B) Lateral meristem (C) Apical meristem (D) Stem (E) Trichomes

(A) Buds (B) Lateral meristem (C) Apical meristem (D) Stem (E) Trichomes AP Biology - Problem Drill 17: Plant Structure Question No. 1 of 10 1. What are hair-like outgrowths that protect and absorb nutrients? Question #01 (A) Buds (B) Lateral meristem (C) Apical meristem (D)

More information

Recommended Resources: The following resources may be useful in teaching this

Recommended Resources: The following resources may be useful in teaching this Unit B: Tree Growth and Development Lesson 2: Understanding the Growth and Decline of Forest Trees Student Learning Objectives: Instruction in this lesson should result in students achieving the following

More information

23 1 Specialized Tissues in Plants Slide 1 of 34

23 1 Specialized Tissues in Plants Slide 1 of 34 23 1 Specialized Tissues in Plants 1 of 34 Seed Plant Structure The three principal organs of seed plants are roots, stems, and leaves. These organs perform functions such as the transport of nutrients,

More information

PLANT STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION Read pages Re-read and then complete the questions below.

PLANT STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION Read pages Re-read and then complete the questions below. PLANT STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION Read pages 600-602. Re-read and then complete the questions below. 1. PLANT TISSUES - plant tissues are made up of 3 basic cell types: Parenchyma, Collenchyma or Sclerenchyma

More information

CHAPTER TRANSPORT

CHAPTER TRANSPORT CHAPTER 2 2.4 TRANSPORT Uptake of CO2 FOCUS: Uptake and transport of water and mineral salts Transport of organic substances Physical forces drive the transport of materials in plants over a range of distances

More information

Plants and Photosynthesis

Plants and Photosynthesis Plants and Photosynthesis Name: Look for more resources at www.burtbooks.com 1 Date: Let s revise the parts of the plant. Look at the names of the parts carefully. Then turn to the next page and fill in

More information

Question 1: What are the factors affecting the rate of diffusion? Diffusion is the passive movement of substances from a region of higher concentration to a region of lower concentration. Diffusion of

More information

Topic 10: Transpiration, transport and support in plants

Topic 10: Transpiration, transport and support in plants Topic 10: Transpiration, transport and support in plants 1. Transpiration is A. the loss of water vapour from the surfaces of plants due to evaporation B. the gain of water vapour from the surfaces of

More information

Directed Reading A. Section: Structures of Seed Plants ROOTS. Skills Worksheet

Directed Reading A. Section: Structures of Seed Plants ROOTS. Skills Worksheet Skills Worksheet Directed Reading A Section: Structures of Seed Plants Write the letter of the correct answer in the space provided. 1. What supplies a seed plant with the things it needs to survive? a.

More information

Scientific Identification & Classification

Scientific Identification & Classification Scientific Identification & Classification Plant Parts Leaves Stems Roots Flowers Leaves-External Petiole-leaf stalk or part that connects the leaf to the stem Blade-the large, flat part of the leaf Midrib-the

More information

Plant Anatomy and Life Processes Study Guide

Plant Anatomy and Life Processes Study Guide Plant Anatomy and Life Processes Study Guide Science SOL 4.4 Please use this study guide to study daily for your test! Please keep this study guide in your HOMEWORK FOLDER so that you can use it to study

More information

Plant Structure. Objectives At the end of this sub section students should be able to:

Plant Structure. Objectives At the end of this sub section students should be able to: Name: 3.2 Organisation and the Vascular Structures 3.2.1 Flowering plant structure and root structure Objectives At the end of this sub section students should be able to: 1. Label a diagram of the external

More information

ARIF ULLAH ITHS

ARIF ULLAH ITHS SUMMARY Feature of xylem and phloem and their role. Distribution of xylem and phloem (vascular bundles) in stem and root of dicotyledonous plants. Transport of water from the root to the atmosphere through

More information

Plant Anatomy AP Biology

Plant Anatomy AP Biology Plant Anatomy 2006-2007 Basic plant anatomy 1 root root tip root hairs Roots 1 Roots anchor plant in soil, absorb minerals & water, & store food fibrous roots (1) mat of thin roots that spread out monocots

More information

Plant Structure and Function (Ch. 23)

Plant Structure and Function (Ch. 23) Plant Structure and Function (Ch. 23) Basic plant anatomy 1 root root tip root hairs Roots Roots anchor plant in soil, absorb minerals & water, & store food fibrous roots (1) mat of thin roots that spread

More information

Roots anchor plants and absorb mineral nutrients from soil.

Roots anchor plants and absorb mineral nutrients from soil. Thu 3/30 Activities Learning Target Describe the forms and functions of plant roots and stems. (21.3) Describe the structures that are common to most leaves. (21.4) Identify the adaptations that allow

More information

Plant Anatomy: roots, stems and leaves

Plant Anatomy: roots, stems and leaves Plant Anatomy: roots, stems and leaves The plant body has a hierarchy of organs, tissues and cells Plants, like animals, have organs composed of different tissues, which are composed of cells. Tissue is

More information