North American Cypripediums: Species, Hybrids, and Awards by Nile Dusdieker. Student judging presentation 1/10/9

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "North American Cypripediums: Species, Hybrids, and Awards by Nile Dusdieker. Student judging presentation 1/10/9"

Transcription

1 North American Cypripediums: Species, Hybrids, and Awards by Nile Dusdieker Student judging presentation 1/10/9

2 North American Cypripediums: Species, Hybrids and Awards By Nile Dusdieker 1/09 Introduction The Swedish botanist and physician, Carl Linnaeus, was the first to offer the genus name Cypripedium for slipper orchids in his 1737 Genera Plantarum. The name was derived from Kypris (Greek), Cyprus, the island home of the goddess Aphrodite; and pedilon the word for shoe or slipper; hence the common name lady s slipper. Leonard Plukenet, the British botanist, was the first to publish drawings of the North American Cypripediums in his Almatheum botanicum in All slipper orchids were included in the genus Cypripedium in the 1800s until the German, Pfitzer split the tropical species into three separate genera; the southeast Asian Paphiopedilums, the South American Phragmipediums, and the smaller genus Selenepedium. Most recently the single species genus Mexipedium was added. That leaves the genus Cypripedium numbering temperate to cool growing terrestrial slipper orchid species found across northern Europe, Asia and North America. Thirteen species are found exclusively in North America and will be the focus of this presentation. Outline of Presentation 1. North American Cypripedium species: Description, habitat, AOS awards, and offspring 2. The Yellow Lady Slipper Taxonomy controversy: Cyp. calceolus vs Cyp parviflorum 3. Early Cypripedium Hybrids: 4. Current trends in Cypripedium Hybridization: 5. Judging Comments:

3 North American Cypripedium Species Phillip Cribb, in his book The Genus Cypripedium (1997), describes these orchids as small to large terrestrial herbs with elongate, fiberous roots arising from a short to elongate rhizome; erect leafy shoots, clustered or well spaced, hairy, glandular, or glabrous; one to several leaves, green, spotted with blackish maroon in some species; inflorescence terminal, one to many flowered. Flowers are usually showy; dorsal sepal erect to hooded over the lip; lateral sepals usually fused to form a concave synsepal; petals free, spreading, some with twist; lip deeply pouched slipper or urn shaped; column short stalked with two anthers, pollen powdery or glutinous, staminode terminal on the column. Cribb has further described sub-generic classification of the genus on the basis of morphological, palynological, anatomical, and molecular data as of The 13 North American Cypripedium Species are listed here with their habitat, AOS awards, and hybridization potential Cypripedium acaule: Moccasin Flower or Pink Lady s Slipper Description: Terrestrial herb 20 45cm tall; stems very short; rhizome elongate, leaves two, sub-opposite; inflorescence erect, 1 rarely 2 flowers; sepals and petals yellow-green to maroon, pouch pink occasionally white, pouch very large ovoid with longitudinal orifice; size 8 x 12cm. Monotypic sub-generic section: Acaulia. Habitat: Found in wet sphagnum bog to dry pine forest, usually in moderate shade. Soil is universally acidic and well aerated. Blooms April to June. Awards: 1 JC 1975 for cultivation to bloom in February; 1 CBM 1975 and 1 HCC Lia 1979, with 4 flowers on 4 inflorescences, Nat. spr. 7.9cm (Santa Barbara Judging) Offspring: 3 primary hybrids with no awards. Comments: This species is nearly impossible to grow in cultivation. Hybrids made show a dominance of the pouch shape and size. Cypripedium arietinum Ram s Head Slipper Dwarf species up to 30cm tall; one to clustered stems from short rhizome, 3 to 4 leaves; inflorescence, one flower, purple green sepals and petals; lip white deeply veined with purple except at mouth opening; size 3x3 cm. Sub-generic section: Arietinum Habitat: Cold bog, wet coniferous forest, rocky slopes in Canada, open shade, soil ph 6.0; Blooms May to June Awards: 1 CBM 1968; Offspring: none Comments: very difficult to grow, easily rot.

4 Cypripedium fasciculatum Brownie or Cluster Slipper. Dwarf species with drooping habit up to 25cm tall; one to two stems per short slender rhizome; two leaves curve to ground; inflorescence, 2-4 flowers size 4x4cm, brown with purplish striation; pouch yellow-green streaked or mottle purple; staminode is white; Sub-generic section: Enantiopedilum Habitat: Cool to cold open coniferous forest duff and in rocky montane scrub; high altitude. Species is unique; only Cyp. inflorescences with multiple clustered flowers. Blooms May to July. Awards: none Offspring: none Not found in cultivation Cypripedium californicum Clump forming species with erect leafy stems to 120cm tall; inflorescence racemous with up to 12 ascending opening flowers; size 4x4 cm; sepals and petals yellow-green; pouch white with lilac lines; staminode white with central green marking. Sub-generic section: Irapeana Habitat: wet marshy areas near mountain streams in moderate shade. Blooms May to July. Awards: Montclair HCC, CBM 1977 Nat. spr. 3.7cm. Offspring: one. No awards Comments: Cultivation in cold frames possible potential for multifloral hybrids. Cypripedium irapeanum Tall terrestrial herb to 150cm; solitary or clustered stems from short rhizome; leaves multiple along stem; inflorescence 6 to 10 ascending opening bright yellow flowers with red markings on staminode; size 8x6 cm. Blooms at the beginning of the rainy season, June July. Sub-generic section: Irapeana Habitat: Open alpine meadows and pine-oak forest of the mountains of Mexico and Guatemala, clay to volcanic soils. Awards: none; Offspring: none: Hybrids: none

5 Two closely related smaller subspecies of Cypripedium irapeanum: Cyp. molle, smaller yellow flowers; Cyp. dickinsonianum, yellow with red marked lip. Cypripedium guttatum Alaskan Cypripediums Cypripedium yatabeanum Loosely clumping species from slender rhizomes, 30cm tall; two wide leaves at base; single flowered inflorescence, white with purple to brown overlay. Yatabeanum has a more elongate lip than guttatum. Bloom: in mid-summer; flower size, 3x6cm. Sub- section: Bifolia Habitat: cool to cold, misty open meadows, difficult to grow but generic can be cultivated. Natural hybrid: Cyp. xalaskanum, is found in southern Alaska, Aleutian Islands and Russia. Awards: none; Offspring: guttatum (2), yatabanum (5); no awards. Comments: The dark coloration of the pouch and hooding of the dorsal sepal seems dominant in hybrids. Cultivation is difficult but possible and seedlings are available. Cypripedium reginae: The Queen or Showy Lady Slipper Tall erect herb, to 85cm, with leafy stems on short stout rhizome; leaves are ribbed and plicate; inflorescence, one (rarely 2) large white flowers, 8 x 10cm size; dorsal sepal erect or ascending; petals spreading; lip subglobose, white with overlaid pink. Habitat: upland bog, meadow, prairie and mossy wooded slopes. Forms large colonies, grows in neutral to calcareous soils. Blooms May to August. Sub- Awards: CHM 2007 four flowers on 4 inflorescences, Nat. generic: Obtusipetala spr. 7.1 cm. Offspring: 18 first and one 2nd generation, no awards. Comments: Hardy plants relatively easy to grow. Open flat form and white color is dominant in hybrids. Cypripedium passerinum: The Sparrow s Egg Slipper or Franklin s Slipper Closely related to reginae but smaller. Most northern species grows in tundra, edges of lakes on gravel washes and dunes. Impossible to grow in cultivation. Sub-generic: Obtusipetala; No awards or offspring.

6 The remaining N. American Cyp. species belong to the Sub-generic section: Cypripedium and are found across a wide band in the northern portion of the United States and Canada. They have overlapping habitats. Several natural hybrids among these species exist. Cypripedium candidum Short,12-38cm, clustered herb on short rhizome with 3 to 4 leaves per stem; inflorescence, one rarely two small globular flowers, 5x5 cm; sepals and petals greenish-yellow streaked with purple-brown; lip waxy white, purple spots on mouth, purple streaks within. Habitat: full sunlight in prairies, damp meadows, bogs with alkaline soil and water. Blooms April to June. Awards: CBR 2001 (8 flowers on 8 infl. Nat. spr. 3.7cm) Offspring: 6 first generation, no awards. Natural hybrid with parviflorum: xandrewsii. Comments: Moderately difficult to grow; pouch form and color dominate in hybrids. difficult to grow. Cypripedium montanum Tall, 25-70cm, species with 4 to 7 leaves on sturdy stems; inflorescences, 1 to rarely 3 flowers, 9x9 cm; sepals and petals, maroon brown, petals spirally twisted; white lip with yellow staminode. Habita t: sub-alpine slopes (5000 feet) and open woods; much larger flower than candidum; grows in less moist soil. Blooms April to July. Awards: JC 70 for cultivation. Offspring: 3 first generation, no awards; natural hybrid with parviflorum: xcolumbianum. Comments: very Cypripedium kentuckiense Tall, 40-70cm, species with erect stems, 5 elliptic leaves; inflorescence single flower,10x14cm; sepals and petals green mottled and striped purple; pouch creamy white to pale yellow marked within speckled purple. Habitat: mixed deciduous woodland along streams and ravines, soil sandstone, slightly acidic; blooms May to June Awards: AM 2001, HCC 1999, 2 CCM, 2 CHM, 2 JC Offspring: 17 first, 1 second generation no awards. Comments: Mode rately difficult to grow in cultivation. Offers vigor and increased size to hybrids. Natural hybrid with parviflorum: (not named) The Yellow Lady Slipper Cypripedium parviflorum:

7 Taxonomy history: In 1938 D.S.Correll placed all North American yellow-lipped slippers in a highly variable taxonomic unit as a variety of the Eurasian Cypripedium calceolus. In 1950 his Native Orchids of North America distinguished four ecological entities within his taxon, Cypripedium calceolus var. pubescens. J.T. Atwood in 1985 separated the North American species from the Eurasian. He listed: Cyp. parviflorum,(small flowered lip vertical 2-3cm), Cyp. pubescens, var. pubescens (large flowered - lip 3-5cm vertical), var. planipetalum, (intermediate size between the two) and var.. kentuckiense (now considered separate species). In 1992 C.J.Sheviak described the morphologic separation between Cyp.s calceolus and parviflorum: Cyp. calceolus has a canaliculated staminode in cross section (u shaped or trough-like) that is white and broadest near the apex. Cyp. parviflorum has a conduplicate staminode in cross section (folded like a book with flat sides) that is yellow and broadest toward the base or middle. Phillip Cribb in his The Genus Cypripedium (1997) describes the current understanding: a single species: Cypripedium parviflorum, with two varietals forms; var. pubescens and var. parviflorum. Cribb feels that too many intermediates exist to consider further separation. Cypripedium parviflorum var. parviflorum (small flowered Yellow Lady Slipper) Small, 15-35cm tall, terrestrial herb with 3 to 5 leaved stems growing from a stout short rhizome; inflorescence one to two flowered erect; flowers small, showy, fragrant; sepals and petals madder purple to maroon, petals twisted 2 to 4 times; lip yellow, obovoid with small mouth, sides may be pleated; staminode yellow with red spotting. The more northern plants tend to have suffused maroon petals and dorsal sepal (sub var. makasin) whereas the southern plants show dark color generated by closely spaced spots or speckles. Flower size: 8x6cm. Habitat: Sunny areas of calcareous fens, marshes, meadows and deciduous woodlands of east central United States and Canada; grows in drier and slightly more acid soils than var. pubescens. Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens (large flowered Yellow Lady Slipper) Tall erect herb up to 80cm often clumped on stout creeping rhizome with 3 to 5 leaves per stem; inflorescence one to two terminal flowers; sepals and petals greenish often suffused, streaked or speckled rusty brown, petals variably twisted; lip yellow with magenta spots within; staminode yellow with red spotting. Flower size 12x12 cm. A wide variation in color of sepals and petals is seen across habitat. The sub var. planipetalum is intermediate in size between var. parviflorum and pubescens and is found in Newfoundland tundra. Habitat: Very widespread across US and Canada in deciduous woods, meadows, limestone barrens; sunny to light shade. Cypripedium parviflorum forms white lipped natural hybrids with Cyp. montanum (xcolumbianum), and Cyp. candidum (xandrewsii and xfavillianum). The natural hybrids with reginae (xherae) are white with speckled pink.

8 Awards: 5 AM, 2 HCC, 4 CCM, 3 CHM, CBM, CBR (Nat. spr. 9-11cm). These may be listed under the various varietal names in AQ but are all listed in WIZ under Cyp. parviflorum. Offspring: 34 first, 3 second generation with one awarded. Comments: One of the easiest species to grow. It offers vigor, size and form to hybrids but the lip (yellow) color is not dominant. North American Cypripedium Hybrids Hybridization of worldwide Cypripediums has only developed recently. Today about 100 hybrids have been registered. This includes 6 natural hybrids, four in North America. The rest are simple primary crosses; except for 5 complex-primary crosses (hybrid crossed with species). Pure North American hybrids are fewer in number (17) and are listed in the following table on pages 8-9. Carson Whitlow (Iowa) registered the first hybrid as Cyp. Genesis (reginae x parviflorum var. pubescens) in A similar natural hybrid, Cyp. herae, has subsequently been described. The flower shows light lavender sepals and petals with off-white pouch, veined spotted reddish brown. In 1988, Whitlow registered his second hybrid, Cyp. Promises, (Chinese formosanum x acaule) which retained the color of acaule but showed intermediate form between the two species. His third hybrid, Cyp. Rascal was an accidental natural cross between his blooming kentuckiense and nearby parviflorum. In total, Carson has registered 11 hybrids mostly in the 1990s. His goal initially was to explore the feasibility of hybridization, especially the ability to germinate and grow the seedlings in flask and then transfer to terrestrial media. Subsequently, he aimed to improve flower size, color, and plant hardiness. He found that using reginae, kentuckiense, or parviflorum (esp. var. pubescens) as one parent, greatly improved ability to grow the hybrid in a variety of soils. The flower form of these N. American parents carried to progeny but pouch color was variable. Two German hybridizers have accounted for most of the recent registered hybrids. H.M. Pinkepank has registered 13 since Werner Frosch has registered 42 and is currently actively producing more as shown in his comprehensive website: I breed for vigorous, disease resistant, decorative hybrids that are marketable and suitable for garden use (personal communication). His hybrids are seen throughout Europe at garden shows. They are just now becoming available in US as Frosch Cyp. hybrids. A number of hybrids have been registered under specific epithets that have subsequently been reclassified under parentage grouped according to the Kew Monocot Checklist nomenclature. As an example, hybrids of the North American Yellow Lady Slipper may list Cyp. calceolus, pubescens, parviflorum, plantipetalum, maksin, or any varietal form of the preceeding as a parent. Two registered hybrids, Cyp. Lothar Pinkepank and Cyp. Rascal are the same cross (Cyp. parviflorum x kentuckiense) but Lothar Pinkepank lists pubescens as one parent s name. At least 8 different hybrids have been registered for the Chinese Cyp. macranthos x Cyp parviflorum cross.

9 North American Cypripedium Hybrids: (Hybrids listed twice for ease of reference) Parentage Parentage Hybrid Color acaule pubescens January Sunshine? reginae Prof. Karl Robatsch white xandrewsii montanum A lois white candidu m parviflorum xandrewsii white pubescens xfavillianum white to yellow yatabeanum W erner white spk brown ca lifornicum reginae W arren white,pale pink kentuckiense Robin Lee pale yellow pubescens Otmar Riegler? gu ttatum reginae Er ich Maier white, spk red yatabeanum xalaskan um cream, brown ke ntuckiense parviflorum Rascal yellow pubescens Lo thar Pinkepank yellow, white reginae Irene white, spk red m ontanum xandrewsii A lois white parviflorum Sebastia n white pubescens xcolumbianum white, pale yellow pa rviflorum candidum xa ndrewsii white kentuckiense Rascal yellow montanum Sebastian white pa sserinum reginae R heinsberg Sparrow Egg white, light pink pu bescens acaule January Sunshine? candidum xfavillianu m yellow, white kentuckiense Lo thar Pinkepank yellow montanum xcolumbianum white reginae G enesis white, spk pink

10 reginae ya tabeanum acaule Prof. Karl Rob atsch white californicum Warren white,pale pink guttatum Erich Maier white, spk red kentuckiense Irene white, spk red passerinum R heinsberg Sparrow Egg white, light pink pubescens Genesis white, spk pink candidum Werner white spk brown guttatum xalask anum cream, brown The 17 pure North American primary hybrids are mostly white or yellow in color with some speckling of pink to red on the pouch. Hybrids of the sub-generic section, Cypripedium (parviflorum, montanum, candidum, kentuckiense) tend to retain their darker sep als, petals and petal twist. Cyp. kentickiense imparts sturdiness to the plant and increased size to the f lower. Also, the dorsal sepal leans forward and the pouch may be as large as a hen s egg with striations of brown with kentuckiense hybrids. A recent hybrid, Cyp. Alois, combines three species montanum x andrewsii Cyp. Alois (candidum and parviflorum). The larger flower size of montanum prevails with bulbous white pouch and variable yellow-green to brown sepals and petals with less twist. Cyp. reginae hybrids impart open flat form and a more rounded pouch to offspring. Unfortunately, the pink-red pouch color often fades to white, even when crossed with another pink as in Cyp. Karl Robatsch (reginae x acaule). Yellow lipped offspring require parviflorum crossed with kentuckiense or with the Eurasian cousin Cyp. calceolus. Cyp. parvifloru m var. pubescens imparts the larger size to the yellow hybrids. To date the only North American pink hybrids are Cyp. Rheinsbern Sparrow Egg (reginae x passerinum) and Cyp. Irene (reginae x kentuckiense). In both, the predominate color of the pouch remains white. Because of the limitations in color of the above hybrids, new hybridization with a wide variety of Chinese and Asian Cypripediums crossed to the hardy N. American species has yielded larger cream to pink to maroon flowers that will grow in a variety of garden soils. In fact, the most common parent used in hybridization to date is the Chinese Cyp. macranthos with over 40 offspring registered. Cyp. macranthos x reginae (Anne 08) gives a nice rounded homogeneous purple flower. When macranthos is crossed with parviflorum, the sepals and petals are red-pink with the pouch cream to pink with striations. From this last cross comes the only AOS quality award: Cyp. Gisela Fontaine HCC/AOS (One flower Nat. spr. 7.6 cm by 4.6cm, cream colored; sepals with plum stripes, petals twisted, pouch cream colored with plum interior and spotted exterior). An AD/AOS was given to a different plant in 2002 recognizing an unusual cross of considerable horticultural merit.

11 Cyp. macranthos x Cyp. parviflorum crosses present a problem in nomenclature as at least 8 different hybrids have been registered depending on the varietal name used for the two species. The first hybrid registered was Maria in 1991 (pariflorum x speciosum syn, macranthos). Orchid Wiz lists all the other later hybrids with Maria in parenthesis. Significant size and color variation exists within this cross; the larger hybrid named Cyp. Aki. (pubescens x macranthos). As some of these hybrids are used in further crosses, this confusion with nomenclature will only increase. New hybrids listed since 2004 continue to show more exotic Asian Cyps. crossed with the North American hardy species: Cyp. Berni (reginae x fargesii) flat white with open plum lip, Cyp John (parviflorum x yunnanense) cream with maroon stripes and twisted petals; Cyp. Bill (parviflorum x tibeticum) essentially a mottled red kentuckiense; Cyp Maria Handlbauer (reginae x corrugatum) large op en white with deep maroon pouch; Cyp Sunshine (flavum x parviflorum) radiant all yellow. Judging comments for North American Cypripediums and Hybrids: Flower quality awards: Use the paphiopedilum scale for 1 2 flowered inflorescences; Use the general scale for multiflorals (californicum and fasciculatum). With the current paucity of awards recorded to date, considerable potential for improved flower quality awards should exist. Much will depend on presentation of plants or cut flowers f or judging in the May to July time period. As hardy hybrids become more popular in perennial gardens, dug-up or in ground potted plants may be presented for judging. Cultural awards: Special consideration should be given to the known difficulty of cultivation of presented plants, especially the native species. A watchful eye is needed to recognize a species removed from its natural habitat simply for judging as it likely will not survive! Cultural expertise can be shown by presenting plants in bloom at times other than their natural blooming cycle (forcing the bloom early). Horticultural and Botanical awards: A significant potential exists for expanding these awards for a number of yet unrecognized North American species. Over half of the current awards for all Cypripediums fall into this classification to date. Cypripedium Hybrids: Understanding the variation in naming of the parents of the cross is extremely important in order to be able to compare the presented flower with similar but different named hybrids. Mutliple registered hybrids exist with the same or only varietal differences in their parents. Hybrids with a parent of the Eurasian Cyp calceolus should be considered separate from those with a parent of the North American Cyp. parviflorum. Hybrids with North American parent labeled Cyp calceolus should be considered as having the same parent as those of Cyp. parviflorum

12 Hybrids with parent or parental variety listed as pubescens, makasin, plantipetalum, or parviflorum should be considered the same as Cyp parviflorum (var. pubescens and var. parviflorum) Orchid Wiz does an excellent job of referencing all the hybrids back to the currently accepted parentage. AQ unfortunately is not as complete and still lists the varietal names as the sorting parameter for the cross. REFERENCES AQ plus 3.2.1; American Orchid Society, 2008 Correll, Donovan, Native American Lady s-slippers, The Orchid Journal, Vol. 11, No. 4: , 1953 Cribb, Phillip; The Genus Cypripedium, Timber Press, 1997 Frosch, Werner; Frosch s Cypripedium Website, Frosch, Werner; Forum Cypripedium, Frosch, Werner; personal communication and permission to use website photos Keenan, Phillip; A Short History of the Genus Cypripedium, North American Native Orchid Journal. Vol. 6, No. 1, 43-56, 2000 Nelson, Tom; Growing Cypripediums in the Garden, Orchids, Vol. 74, No. 10, 729, 2005 Orchid Wiz Encyclopedia 5.02, 2008 Robinson, Owen; A New Take on Cypripedium Hybrids, Orchids Vol.71, No.12: , 2002 Rohri, Helmut; Cypripediums, manuscript, 2007 Sheviak, Charles; Cypripedium parviflorum Salisb: The Small Flowered Varieties, AOS Bulletin Vol.63, No.6: , 1994 Sheviak, Charles; Cypripedium parviflorum Salisb: The Larger-flowered Plants and Patterns of Variation, AOS Bulletin Vol. 64, No.6: , 1995 Sheviak, Charles; Cypripedium Hybrids in the Russian Far East: The Red Influence, Orchids, Nov. 1996, , Dec. 1996, Sheviak, Charles; Natural Hybridization Between Cypripedium Montanum and Its Yellow-lipped Relative, AOS Bulletin Vo. 61, No. 6: , 1992 Whitlow, Carson; The Genesis of Cypripedium Hybrids, AOS Bulletin Vol.57, No.8:

13 , 1988 Whitlow, Carson; Cypripedium Hybridizing, Orchid Digest, 37-38, Jan Whitlow, Carson; personal communication PHOTOS Pictures used with permission from Werner Frosch, AQ (subscription), Orchid Wiz (subscription), published articles in Orchids & AOS Bulletin, personal collection Special Thanks Mentors: Suki Nax and Larry Sexton and Herman Pigors for German translation

Text for Presentation: Cypripedium Orchids

Text for Presentation: Cypripedium Orchids Text for Presentation: Cypripedium Orchids Slide 1 (Title Page) The original presentation was entitled Cypripedium calceolus, the yellow lady slipper orchid of Europe and Asia. With the material that I

More information

A RANGE EXTENSION FOR CYPRIPEDIUM MON- TANUM DOUGLAS EX LINDLEY (ORCHIDACEAE) INTO THE BLACK HILLS OF SOUTH DAKOTA

A RANGE EXTENSION FOR CYPRIPEDIUM MON- TANUM DOUGLAS EX LINDLEY (ORCHIDACEAE) INTO THE BLACK HILLS OF SOUTH DAKOTA Proceedings of the South Dakota Academy of Science, Vol. 87 (2008) 197 A RANGE EXTENSION FOR CYPRIPEDIUM MON- TANUM DOUGLAS EX LINDLEY (ORCHIDACEAE) INTO THE BLACK HILLS OF SOUTH DAKOTA Mark Gabel and

More information

ROGH Docent Program Week 4: Orchid Biology.

ROGH Docent Program Week 4: Orchid Biology. Orchid Classification, Structure & Diversity Monocots (one seed leaf) with parallel venation Derived from Lily-relative Fossilized orchid pollen - 76 to 84 million years ago (Late Cretaceous) Allopolyploidy

More information

The Wonder of Wild Orchids

The Wonder of Wild Orchids The Wonder of Wild Orchids by Doris Ames (Native Orchid Conservation Inc.) (by permission of the Manitoba Gardener, Vol.2 No. 4, Fall 1999) The other day I read an article by a learned fellow rejecting

More information

Objectives. ROGH Docent Program Week 2: Plant Anatomy

Objectives. ROGH Docent Program Week 2: Plant Anatomy Objectives To introduce general botany for subjects on display To provide knowledge of general plant anatomy To provide general understanding of orchid anatomy & biology To introduce concepts of plant-pollinator

More information

Getting Started With Orchids

Getting Started With Orchids Getting Started With Orchids About Orchids The orchid family is the largest plant family Over 35,000 species Every country in the world and every state in the United States, including Alaska, has orchids!

More information

remain on the trees all year long) Example: Beaverlodge, Alberta, Canada

remain on the trees all year long) Example: Beaverlodge, Alberta, Canada Coniferous Forest Temperature: -40 C to 20 C, average summer temperature is 10 C Precipitation: 300 to 900 millimeters of rain per year Vegetation: Coniferous-evergreen trees (trees that produce cones

More information

3/25/10. Iridaceae - iris family! A family primarily of Mediterranean climate geophytes. Leaves are basal and equitant - folded and overlapping.

3/25/10. Iridaceae - iris family! A family primarily of Mediterranean climate geophytes. Leaves are basal and equitant - folded and overlapping. A family primarily of Mediterranean climate geophytes. Leaves are basal and equitant - folded and overlapping. Iris virginica - Blue flag, iris CA 3 CO 3 A 3 G (3) Tepals 6, the 3 inner (petals) forming

More information

A handful of primary features are useful for distinguishing water primrose (Ludwigia) from other plants. Understand what to look for, such as leaf

A handful of primary features are useful for distinguishing water primrose (Ludwigia) from other plants. Understand what to look for, such as leaf A handful of primary features are useful for distinguishing water primrose (Ludwigia) from other plants. Understand what to look for, such as leaf arrangement and number of petals. Pairing morphological

More information

BIOMES. Definition of a Biome. Terrestrial referring to land. Climatically controlled sets of ecosystems. Characterized by distinct vegetation

BIOMES. Definition of a Biome. Terrestrial referring to land. Climatically controlled sets of ecosystems. Characterized by distinct vegetation BIOMES An Introduction to the Biomes of the World Definition of a Biome Terrestrial referring to land Climatically controlled sets of ecosystems Characterized by distinct vegetation 1 In a Biome There

More information

Common Name: FLORIDA LADIES-TRESSES. Scientific Name: Spiranthes floridana (Wherry) Cory. Other Commonly Used Names: none

Common Name: FLORIDA LADIES-TRESSES. Scientific Name: Spiranthes floridana (Wherry) Cory. Other Commonly Used Names: none Common Name: FLORIDA LADIES-TRESSES Scientific Name: Spiranthes floridana (Wherry) Cory Other Commonly Used Names: none Previously Used Scientific Names: Spiranthes brevilabris var. floridana (Wherry)

More information

Biomes There are 2 types: Terrestrial Biomes (on land) Aquatic Biomes (in the water)

Biomes There are 2 types: Terrestrial Biomes (on land) Aquatic Biomes (in the water) Biomes There are 2 types: Terrestrial Biomes (on land) Aquatic Biomes (in the water) Terrestrial Biomes Grassland, Desert, and Tundra Biomes: Savanna Temperate grassland Chaparral Desert Tundra Chapter

More information

GENTIANACEAE GENTIAN FAMILY

GENTIANACEAE GENTIAN FAMILY GENTIANACEAE GENTIAN FAMILY Plant: mostly herbs, some shrubs Stem: Root: Leaves: mostly simple or less commonly trifoliate, opposite or rarely alternate or whorled; no stipules Flowers: mostly perfect,

More information

A preliminary assessment of the conservation status of Cypripedium species in the wild

A preliminary assessment of the conservation status of Cypripedium species in the wild BotunicalJoumal ofthe Linnean Socieb (1998), 126: 183-190. With 2 figures Orchid population biology: conservation and challenges. Edited by S. Waite A preliminary assessment of the conservation status

More information

Artificial Pollination of Cypripedium Species Camiel F. de Jong 1

Artificial Pollination of Cypripedium Species Camiel F. de Jong 1 Artificial Pollination of Cypripedium Species Camiel F. de Jong 1 1 E-mail : camieldejong@zonnet.nl Introduction The genus Cypripedium comprises around 45 species of hardy orchids. Members of this genus

More information

Bamboo. Rosa Isela Perez, Master Gardener Trainee 2016

Bamboo. Rosa Isela Perez, Master Gardener Trainee 2016 Bamboo The bamboos are a subfamily (Bambusoideae) of flowering perennial evergreen plants in the grass family (Poaceae). Careful estimates indicate that there may be as many as (90) genera and (1000) species.

More information

Getting Started With Orchids About Orchids Orchids in Wisconsin Vanilla Orchids Vanilla Orchids Where Orchids Are Found Orchids In Nature

Getting Started With Orchids About Orchids Orchids in Wisconsin Vanilla Orchids Vanilla Orchids Where Orchids Are Found Orchids In Nature 1 2 Getting Started With Orchids About Orchids The orchid family is the largest plant family Over 35,000 species Every country in the world and every state in the United States, including Alaska, has orchids!

More information

Common Name: THREE BIRDS ORCHID

Common Name: THREE BIRDS ORCHID Common Name: THREE BIRDS ORCHID Scientific Name: Triphora trianthophora (Swartz) Rydberg Other Commonly Used Names: nodding pogonia, nodding ettercap Previously Used Scientific Names: Arethusa trianthophoros

More information

Unit 2. United States Physical Geography

Unit 2. United States Physical Geography Unit 2 United States Physical Geography Physical Geography U.S. extends from the Atlantic to Pacific U.S. is the 3rd largest country U.S. has fertile soils, vast forests, and variety of minerals All major

More information

jewels of the Biosphere res

jewels of the Biosphere res By Tom Shields Photos by Kevin Tipson and Henry Glowka unless otherwise indicated jewels of the Biosphere res The Niagara Escarpment is justly famous as a unesco World Biosphere Reserve, one of Canada

More information

Asian Bush Honeysuckles. Lonicera morrowii, L. tatarica, L. x bella, L. maackii

Asian Bush Honeysuckles. Lonicera morrowii, L. tatarica, L. x bella, L. maackii Asian Bush Honeysuckles Lonicera morrowii, L. tatarica, L. x bella, L. maackii Table comparing nonnative shrubby Lonicera spp. Table adapted from: A guide to Nonnative Invasive Plants Inventoried in the

More information

Continue 59 Invasive. Yes. Place on invasive plant list, no further investigation needed. STOP. No. Continue on to question 2.

Continue 59 Invasive. Yes. Place on invasive plant list, no further investigation needed. STOP. No. Continue on to question 2. Ohio Plant Assessment Protocol Posted Date: 7/2/ Step II Outcome: Directions: Place an "" in the Score column next to the selected answer to each of the four questions.. Is this plant known to occur in

More information

The Western Honey Bee:

The Western Honey Bee: The Western Honey Bee: 1. Taxonomy 2. Various Breeds and Hybrids 3. Characteristics Apis mellifera The European honey bee or Western honey bee (Apis mellifera) is a species of honey bee. The genus Apis

More information

Bonza Botanicals Pty., Ltd., Yellow Rock, New South Wales, Australia Agent in Canada: BioFlora Inc., St. Thomas, Ontario Breeder:

Bonza Botanicals Pty., Ltd., Yellow Rock, New South Wales, Australia Agent in Canada: BioFlora Inc., St. Thomas, Ontario Breeder: (Xerochrysum bracteatum) Proposed denomination: Bondre 1051 Trade name: Dreamtime Jumbo Rose Application number: 14-8476 Application date: 2014/11/13 Applicant: Bonza Botanicals Pty., Ltd., Yellow Rock,

More information

Environmental Science: Biomes Test

Environmental Science: Biomes Test Name: Date: Pd. VERSION 1 Environmental Science: Biomes Test 1. Eland are large herbivores with loose skin under the throat and neck. This patch of skin aids in lowering the body temperature when temperatures

More information

LENTIBULARIACEAE BLADDERWORT FAMILY

LENTIBULARIACEAE BLADDERWORT FAMILY LENTIBULARIACEAE BLADDERWORT FAMILY Barry Rice Center for Plant Diversity, Department of Plant Sciences, University of California, 1 Shields Avenue, Davis CA 95616 Perennial and annual herbs, carnivorous,

More information

1 Global and Neotropical Distribution and Diversity of Oak (genus Quercus) and Oak Forests

1 Global and Neotropical Distribution and Diversity of Oak (genus Quercus) and Oak Forests 1 Global and Neotropical Distribution and Diversity of Oak (genus Quercus) and Oak Forests 1.1 Introduction The genus Quercus is one of the most important clades of woody angiosperms in the northern hemisphere

More information

Striped Coralroot. Summary. Protection Endangered in New York State, not listed federally.

Striped Coralroot. Summary. Protection Endangered in New York State, not listed federally. Striped Coralroot Corallorhiza striata plants in flower Scientific Name Family Name Corallorhiza striata var. striata Orchidaceae Orchid Family Did you know? These orchids are almost totally devoid of

More information

Tropical Moist Rainforest

Tropical Moist Rainforest Tropical or Lowlatitude Climates: Controlled by equatorial tropical air masses Tropical Moist Rainforest Rainfall is heavy in all months - more than 250 cm. (100 in.). Common temperatures of 27 C (80 F)

More information

The Desert Biome Review

The Desert Biome Review NAME DATE The Desert Biome Review 1) Which best describes the climate in the desert? a) a warm climate c) a hot climate b) a dry climate d) a windy climate 2) What kind of soil is found in the desert?

More information

Plant Profiles: HORT 2242 Landscape Plants II

Plant Profiles: HORT 2242 Landscape Plants II Botanical Name: Fothergilla gardenii Common Name: dwarf fothergilla, dwarf witch-alder Family Name: Hamamelidaceae witchhazel family Plant Profiles: HORT 2242 Landscape Plants II General Description: Fothergilla

More information

1 What Is Climate? TAKE A LOOK 2. Explain Why do areas near the equator tend to have high temperatures?

1 What Is Climate? TAKE A LOOK 2. Explain Why do areas near the equator tend to have high temperatures? CHAPTER 3 1 What Is Climate? SECTION Climate BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What is climate? What factors affect climate? How do climates differ

More information

Name Hour. Chapter 4 Review

Name Hour. Chapter 4 Review Name Hour Chapter 4 Review 1. The average, year-after-year conditions of temperature and precipitation within a particular region are its weather. climate. greenhouse effect. d. biotic factors. 2. The

More information

AOS Awards to Renanthera By Donna K. Burch Published in March 1999 Awards Quarterly

AOS Awards to Renanthera By Donna K. Burch Published in March 1999 Awards Quarterly AOS Awards to Renanthera By Donna K. Burch Published in March 1999 Awards Quarterly Renanthera is a genus of orchids with branched inflorescences that create a fiery display. They have been described as

More information

Biome- complex of terrestrial communities that cover a large area; characterized by soil, climate, plants, and animals Plants and animals vary by

Biome- complex of terrestrial communities that cover a large area; characterized by soil, climate, plants, and animals Plants and animals vary by Major Land Biomes Biome- complex of terrestrial communities that cover a large area; characterized by soil, climate, plants, and animals Plants and animals vary by tolerance to temperature and precipitation

More information

Lesson 2: Terrestrial Ecosystems

Lesson 2: Terrestrial Ecosystems Lesson 2: Terrestrial Ecosystems A terrestrial ecosystem is a land ecosystem. Terrestrial ecosystems include tundra, forests, grasslands, deserts, and rainforests. 1 The arctic tundra is earth s coldest

More information

Touring the Latourias: An Overview of New Guinea Dendrobiums Reprinted with permission, by Jim Freeman, The Dean Street Orchid Blog

Touring the Latourias: An Overview of New Guinea Dendrobiums Reprinted with permission, by Jim Freeman, The Dean Street Orchid Blog Dendrobium is the second largest orchid genus after Bulbophyllum, with over a thousand species stretching from Australia to Northern India. The Latourias, aka the New Guinea Dendrobiums, are a small group

More information

GLOBAL CLIMATES FOCUS

GLOBAL CLIMATES FOCUS which you will learn more about in Chapter 6. Refer to the climate map and chart on pages 28-29 as you read the rest of this chapter. FOCUS GLOBAL CLIMATES What are the major influences on climate? Where

More information

Global Biogeography. Natural Vegetation. Structure and Life-Forms of Plants. Terrestrial Ecosystems-The Biomes

Global Biogeography. Natural Vegetation. Structure and Life-Forms of Plants. Terrestrial Ecosystems-The Biomes Global Biogeography Natural Vegetation Structure and Life-Forms of Plants Terrestrial Ecosystems-The Biomes Natural Vegetation natural vegetation is the plant cover that develops with little or no human

More information

Biomes Section 2. Chapter 6: Biomes Section 2: Forest Biomes DAY ONE

Biomes Section 2. Chapter 6: Biomes Section 2: Forest Biomes DAY ONE Chapter 6: Biomes Section 2: Forest Biomes DAY ONE Of all the biomes in the world, forest biomes are the most widespread and the most diverse. The large trees of forests need a lot of water, so forests

More information

1 What Is Climate? TAKE A LOOK 2. Explain Why do areas near the equator tend to have high temperatures?

1 What Is Climate? TAKE A LOOK 2. Explain Why do areas near the equator tend to have high temperatures? CHAPTER 17 1 What Is Climate? SECTION Climate BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What is climate? What factors affect climate? How do climates differ

More information

Bright blue marble floating in space. Biomes & Ecology

Bright blue marble floating in space. Biomes & Ecology Bright blue marble floating in space Biomes & Ecology Chapter 50 Spheres of life Molecules Cells (Tissues Organ Organ systems) Organisms Populations Community all the organisms of all the species that

More information

Gymnosperms. Section 22-4

Gymnosperms. Section 22-4 Gymnosperms Section 22-4 Seeds can be found everywhere! Gymnosperms - bear their seeds directly in the surfaces of cones conifers such as pines and spruces cycads which are palmlike plants ginkgoes gnetophytes

More information

# Mo. Bot. Garden. ORCHID REVIEW THE VOLUME I WEST, NEWMAN, & CO. ^n gruitst%*citefc litcmtljhj gouvnal DEVOTED TO ORCHIDOLOGY IN ALL ITS BRANCHES

# Mo. Bot. Garden. ORCHID REVIEW THE VOLUME I WEST, NEWMAN, & CO. ^n gruitst%*citefc litcmtljhj gouvnal DEVOTED TO ORCHIDOLOGY IN ALL ITS BRANCHES THE ORCHID REVIEW ^n gruitst%*citefc litcmtljhj gouvnal DEVOTED TO ORCHIDOLOGY IN ALL ITS BRANCHES $ VOLUME I # Mo. Bot. Garden. 1894 WEST, NEWMAN, & CO. 54 HATTON GARDEN . : : THE ORCHID REVIEW Hn 3llU6trateb

More information

Introduction to Botany. Lecture 35

Introduction to Botany. Lecture 35 Introduction to Botany. Lecture 35 Alexey Shipunov Minot State University December 1st, 2010 Outline Phylogeny of angiosperms so far 1 Phylogeny of angiosperms so far 2 Outline Phylogeny of angiosperms

More information

The name of a species consisted of a generic name (noun) followed by 1 or more Latin modifiers.

The name of a species consisted of a generic name (noun) followed by 1 or more Latin modifiers. Chapter 17 Naming and Organizing Plants and Microbes Botanical Nomenclature Nomenclature- the giving and using of names Historically, there have been two independent kinds of botanical nomenclature. 1)

More information

APPLICATIONS UNDER EXAMINATION. MAGNOLIA (Magnolia) Proposed denomination: Cleopatra Application number: Application date: 2011/02/25

APPLICATIONS UNDER EXAMINATION. MAGNOLIA (Magnolia) Proposed denomination: Cleopatra Application number: Application date: 2011/02/25 (Magnolia) Proposed denomination: Cleopatra Application number: 11-7201 Application date: 2011/02/25 Applicant: Agent in Canada: BioFlora Inc., St. Thomas, Ontario Breeder: Description: PLANT: weak vigour,

More information

Mail Order Thank You Special Offering!

Mail Order Thank You Special Offering! Mail Order Thank You Special Offering! This is our special offering of plants at special prices to say thank you for ordering and encourage you to yes, ORDER AGAIN SOON. Aerangis fastuosa A truly fantastic

More information

Changes in Texas Ecoregions

Changes in Texas Ecoregions Comment On Lesson Changes in Texas Ecoregions The state of Texas can be divided into 10 distinct areas based on unique combinations of vegetation, topography, landforms, wildlife, soil, rock, climate,

More information

Climax Vegetation is the natural vegetation in the last possible stage of vegetation development. Climax vegetation is stable and in balance with the

Climax Vegetation is the natural vegetation in the last possible stage of vegetation development. Climax vegetation is stable and in balance with the Climax Vegetation is the natural vegetation in the last possible stage of vegetation development. Climax vegetation is stable and in balance with the climatic conditions. It should change very little if

More information

A naturally occurring hybrid between Asclepias syriaca L. and A. purpurascens L. (Apocynaceae, Asclepiadoideae) Richard E. Rintz

A naturally occurring hybrid between Asclepias syriaca L. and A. purpurascens L. (Apocynaceae, Asclepiadoideae) Richard E. Rintz 130 Phytologia (April 1, 2014) 96(2) A naturally occurring hybrid between Asclepias syriaca L. and A. purpurascens L. (Apocynaceae, Asclepiadoideae) Richard E. Rintz 3455 County Road 4080, Salem, MO 65560

More information

Judging Vandas By Martin Motes Published in Award Quarterly Vol. 31, No. 1, March 2000, pages 85-89

Judging Vandas By Martin Motes Published in Award Quarterly Vol. 31, No. 1, March 2000, pages 85-89 Judging Vandas By Martin Motes Published in Award Quarterly Vol. 31, No. 1, March 2000, pages 85-89 What judges mean by a Vanda is much less clear than what we mean by a Cattleya, a Phalaenopsis or a Paphiopedilum.

More information

Florida Native Landscaping

Florida Native Landscaping Florida Native Landscaping ORH 3815/5815C Lecture 1 How to Identify Plants Lecture Outline I. The Plant Kingdom II. III. IV. Binomial Nomenclature Floral formula technique Flower terminology V. Leaf terminology

More information

Leaf Anatomy of Three Varians of Arundina graminifolia (D. Don.) Hochr

Leaf Anatomy of Three Varians of Arundina graminifolia (D. Don.) Hochr Jurnal Natur Indonesia 11(2), April 2009: 78-82 78 ISSN 1410-9379, Jurnal Natur Keputusan Indonesia Akreditasi 11(2): No 78-82 65a/DIKTI/Kep./2008 Sulistiarini, et al. Leaf Anatomy of Three Varians of

More information

Basic Botany Master Gardener and Horticulture Training. Mark Heitstuman. WSU Asotin and Garfield County Director January 12, 2016

Basic Botany Master Gardener and Horticulture Training. Mark Heitstuman. WSU Asotin and Garfield County Director January 12, 2016 Basic Botany 2016 Master Gardener and Horticulture Training Mark Heitstuman WSU Asotin and Garfield County Director January 12, 2016 Topics we ll discuss in Chapter 1- Basic Botany Plant life cycles Internal

More information

FLOWER MORPHOLOGY AND PLANT TYPES WITHIN JUNCUS ROEMERlANUS

FLOWER MORPHOLOGY AND PLANT TYPES WITHIN JUNCUS ROEMERlANUS FLOWER MORPHOLOGY AND PLANT TYPES WITHIN JUNCUS ROEMERlANUS LIONEL N. ELEUTERIUS Gulf Coast Research Laboratory Ocean Springs, Mississippi 39564 ABSTRACT Two plant forms were found to occur within funcus

More information

Agave Spaghetti Strap

Agave Spaghetti Strap Agave Spaghetti Strap Exposure: Bright light This unusual agave has numerous long, narrow, arching and pliable leaves that develop into a dense, fountain of emerald green. 'Spaghetti Strap' is striking

More information

Chapter 7 Part III: Biomes

Chapter 7 Part III: Biomes Chapter 7 Part III: Biomes Biomes Biome: the major types of terrestrial ecosystems determined primarily by climate 2 main factors: Temperature and precipitation Depends on latitude or altitude; proximity

More information

BIOMES AND ECOSYSTEMS

BIOMES AND ECOSYSTEMS BIOMES AND ECOSYSTEMS What is a biome? A biome is a group of land ecosystems with similar climates and organisms There are 6 major land biomes and 2 major water ecosystems? LAND (6): RAINFORESTS, DESERTS,

More information

Module 2. Classification. The Classification of Plants. We will discuss a few ways of classifying plants: Big vs. Small. Grass vs.

Module 2. Classification. The Classification of Plants. We will discuss a few ways of classifying plants: Big vs. Small. Grass vs. Module 2 The Classification of Plants Classification We will discuss a few ways of classifying plants: Big vs. Small Grass vs. Tree Native vs. Introduced Invasive (Noxious) vs. Non-Invasive Trees vs. Shrubs

More information

Little Plant People at Home

Little Plant People at Home LITTLE PLANT PEOPLE 1 INSTRUCTOR LITERATURE SERIES Little Plant People at Home and What they are Doing There Part II BY Annie Chase F. A. OWEN PUBLISHING COMPANY DANSVILLE, N.Y. Copyright 1905, World s

More information

Three Birds Orchid and Crane-fly Orchid in Oklahoma

Three Birds Orchid and Crane-fly Orchid in Oklahoma 68 Three Birds Orchid and Crane-fly Orchid in Oklahoma Dr. Lawrence Magrath Corresponding Member, American Orchid Society Conservation Committee Former Chair, Southwestern Region Orchid Growers Association

More information

Catasetum and Cycnoches Part 3 The Swans of Cynoches

Catasetum and Cycnoches Part 3 The Swans of Cynoches BEGINNER'S SERIES 27 Catasetum and Cycnoches Part 3 The Swans of Cynoches STEPHEN R. BATCHELOR THE GENUS Cycnoches has much in common with the Catasetum species bearing unisexual flowers discussed in the

More information

GROS Plant Classification Schedule 2017

GROS Plant Classification Schedule 2017 GROS Plant Classification Schedule 2017 Save Time!! Pre-register by 12 midnight Wednesday March 29, 2017 pre-registration form is on the GROS website (www.geneseeorchid.org) or you can email the registrar

More information

Biomes. What is a Biome?

Biomes. What is a Biome? Biomes What is a Biome? Ecosystems can be grouped into larger categories called biomes Biome A collection of ecosystems that are related to each other, usually based on the type of places they support

More information

Partnerships Implementing Engineering Education Worcester Polytechnic Institute Worcester Public Schools

Partnerships Implementing Engineering Education Worcester Polytechnic Institute Worcester Public Schools Partnerships Implementing Engineering Education Worcester Polytechnic Institute Worcester Public Schools Supported by: National Science Foundation Life Sciences: 4.E.4 Seeds Part 1 of 3 Grade Level 4 Sessions

More information

WHAT CAN MAPS TELL US ABOUT THE GEOGRAPHY OF ANCIENT GREECE? MAP TYPE 1: CLIMATE MAPS

WHAT CAN MAPS TELL US ABOUT THE GEOGRAPHY OF ANCIENT GREECE? MAP TYPE 1: CLIMATE MAPS WHAT CAN MAPS TELL US ABOUT THE GEOGRAPHY OF ANCIENT GREECE? MAP TYPE 1: CLIMATE MAPS MAP TYPE 2: PHYSICAL AND/OR TOPOGRAPHICAL MAPS MAP TYPE 3: POLITICAL MAPS TYPE 4: RESOURCE & TRADE MAPS Descriptions

More information

Nemesia arenifera Bester & H.M.Steyn

Nemesia arenifera Bester & H.M.Steyn Page 1 of 8 Login Register General site search HOME ABOUT PLANTS OF THE WEEK VEGETATION OF SOUTH AFRICA INFORMATION LIBRARY CONTACT Nemesia arenifera Bester & H.M.Steyn Family: Scrophulariaceae Common

More information

ì<(sk$m)=bdibfj< +^-Ä-U-Ä-U

ì<(sk$m)=bdibfj< +^-Ä-U-Ä-U Genre Comprehension Skill Text Features Science Content Nonfiction Main Idea and Details Captions Labels Text Boxes Glossary Ecosystems Scott Foresman Science 3.3 ì

More information

Define Ecology. study of the interactions that take place among organisms and their environment

Define Ecology. study of the interactions that take place among organisms and their environment Ecology Define Ecology Define Ecology study of the interactions that take place among organisms and their environment Describe each of the following terms: Biosphere Biotic Abiotic Describe each of the

More information

South Pacific Division of Seventh-day Adventists. Pathfinder Honour: Trainer s Notes. Orchids

South Pacific Division of Seventh-day Adventists. Pathfinder Honour: Trainer s Notes. Orchids South Pacific Division of Seventh-day Adventists Pathfinder Honour: Trainer s Notes Orchids Instructions to Trainers / Instructors of this Honour Thankyou for being involved with this Honour. These notes

More information

TUNDRA. Column 1 biome name Column 2 biome description Column 3 examples of plant adaptations

TUNDRA. Column 1 biome name Column 2 biome description Column 3 examples of plant adaptations Biome Cards (pp. 1 of 7) Cut out each biome card and divide each card into three sections. Place all sections in a plastic storage bag. Have one bag for every two students. Column 1 biome name Column 2

More information

Phylum Bryophyta : (Page 169)

Phylum Bryophyta : (Page 169) Kingdom Plantae : Plants... - nonmotile eukaryotic, multicellular, autotrophic organisms - rigid cell walls built of cellulose - life cycles show alternation of generations...two distinct phases called

More information

Basic cloud Interpretation using Satellite Imagery

Basic cloud Interpretation using Satellite Imagery Basic cloud Interpretation using Satellite Imagery Introduction Recall that images from weather satellites are actually measurements of energy from specified bands within the Electromagnetic (EM) spectrum.

More information

Forest and woodland biomes

Forest and woodland biomes Core units: Exemplar Year 9 Illustration 1: Biomes and ecosystems World biomes Major types of biome across the world include: forest and woodland grassland desert tundra alpine. Forest and woodland biomes

More information

Australian tropical savanna Information sheet

Australian tropical savanna Information sheet Australian tropical savanna Information sheet This is an example of an Australian savanna landscape with small trees and the ground covered in grasses. Where Australia s tropical savanna is spread over

More information

U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. Attracting Pollinators to Your Garden

U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. Attracting Pollinators to Your Garden U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Attracting Pollinators to Your Garden Why are Pollinators Important? Pollinators are nearly as important as sunlight, soil and water to the reproductive success of over 75%

More information

The Pollination of European Orchids Part 4: Goodyera and Spiranthes Jean Claessens and Jacques Kleynen

The Pollination of European Orchids Part 4: Goodyera and Spiranthes Jean Claessens and Jacques Kleynen The Pollination of European Orchids Part 4: Goodyera and Spiranthes Jean Claessens and Jacques Kleynen In the third part of this series (Claessens & Kleynen, 2014) we discussed the development of the viscidium,

More information

Classifying Dahlias. ! Over 55,000 varieties have been introduced

Classifying Dahlias. ! Over 55,000 varieties have been introduced Classifying Dahlias! The ADS (American Society of Dahlias) Classification and Handbook Guide currently lists ~ 1800 varieties that have won at least one blue ribbon in the last 2 years! Over 55,000 varieties

More information

a division of Teacher Created Materials

a division of Teacher Created Materials Sample Pages from a division of Teacher Created Materials Thanks for checking us out. Please call us at 877-777-3450 with questions or feedback, or to order this product. You can also order this product

More information

3 Temperate and Polar Zones

3 Temperate and Polar Zones CHAPTER 3 3 Temperate and Polar Zones SECTION Climate BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What biomes are found in the temperate zone? What biomes

More information

V Q \ = 7]Z 4IVL 126 Unit 5

V Q \ = 7]Z 4IVL 126 Unit 5 126 Unit 5 Is it cold and windy? Or is it a sunny day? Is it raining cats and dogs? Or can we go out to play? I will learn to talk about seasons and weather plant life environments caring for the earth

More information

Germination in the Cypripedium/Paphiopedilum Alliance

Germination in the Cypripedium/Paphiopedilum Alliance Germination in the Cypripedium/Paphiopedilum Alliance The colourful temperate ladyslippers including Cypripedium acaule, calceolus and reginae have attracted the attention of many investigators attempting

More information

Biomes and Biodiversity

Biomes and Biodiversity Biomes and Biodiversity Agenda 2/4/13 Biomes review terrestrial and aquatic Biodiversity Climate Change Introduction Weather Terrestrial Biomes Review Tundra Boreal Forest (Taiga) Temperate Forest Temperate

More information

Photographs COLOMBIAN CATTLEYAS

Photographs COLOMBIAN CATTLEYAS (arm, Paisa AM/AOS Natural clone, good shape and big. Natural clones with typical with normal shape and color. ( Druma' x 'Peña Blanca') GA-336 Grex not bloomed yet, the expectation is big with good shape.

More information

Biomes of the World. Plant and Animal Adaptations

Biomes of the World. Plant and Animal Adaptations Biomes of the World Plant and Animal Adaptations Biomes and Adaptations Biome- A large geographic area with similar climate and a distinctive community of organisms. Adaptation- an anatomical, physiological,

More information

THE GENUS VANDA (ORCHIDACEAE: AERIDINAE) IN THE PHILIPPINES: TWO NEW SPECIES AND A KEY TO THE SPECIES IN THE ARCHIPELAGO.

THE GENUS VANDA (ORCHIDACEAE: AERIDINAE) IN THE PHILIPPINES: TWO NEW SPECIES AND A KEY TO THE SPECIES IN THE ARCHIPELAGO. LANKESTERIANA 16(3): 335 343. 2016. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.15517/lank.v16i3.27098 THE GENUS VANDA (ORCHIDACEAE: AERIDINAE) IN THE PHILIPPINES: TWO NEW SPECIES AND A KEY TO THE SPECIES IN THE ARCHIPELAGO

More information

Partnerships Implementing Engineering Education Worcester Polytechnic Institute Worcester Public Schools

Partnerships Implementing Engineering Education Worcester Polytechnic Institute Worcester Public Schools Life Sciences: 4.E.6 Seeds Part 3 of 3 Grade Level 4 Sessions Seasonality Instructional Mode(s) Team Size WPS Benchmarks MA Frameworks Key Words 45-60 min. N/A Whole class N/A 04.SC.LS.06 04.SC.LS.07 04.SC.LS.08

More information

Common Name: SHOALS SPIDER-LILY. Scientific Name: Hymenocallis coronaria (J. LeConte) Kunth. Other Commonly Used Names: Cahaba lily, Catawba lily

Common Name: SHOALS SPIDER-LILY. Scientific Name: Hymenocallis coronaria (J. LeConte) Kunth. Other Commonly Used Names: Cahaba lily, Catawba lily Common Name: SHOALS SPIDER-LILY Scientific Name: Hymenocallis coronaria (J. LeConte) Kunth Other Commonly Used Names: Cahaba lily, Catawba lily Previously Used Scientific Names: Hymenocallis caroliniana

More information

WILD & FREE THE WILDFLOWERS OF JACKSON MORROW PARK KOKOMO, INDIANA. by Allison Reed. Compiled and Photographed

WILD & FREE THE WILDFLOWERS OF JACKSON MORROW PARK KOKOMO, INDIANA. by Allison Reed. Compiled and Photographed WILD & FREE THE WILDFLOWERS OF JACKSON MORROW PARK KOKOMO, INDIANA Compiled and Photographed by Allison Reed CONTENTS White Flowers Descriptions 5 Images 8 Yellow Flowers Descriptions 18 Images 19 Red-Purple

More information

Plant Structure Size General Observations

Plant Structure Size General Observations Kingdom Plantae Plant Structure Size General Observations Diversity Within the Plant Kingdom Pine Trees What is a plant? Multicellular Eukaryotes Perform Photosynthesis (base of all terrestrial food chains)

More information

Climate and Biomes. Adapted by T.Brunetto from: Developed by Steven Taylor Wichmanowski based in part on Pearson Environmental Science by Jay Withgott

Climate and Biomes. Adapted by T.Brunetto from: Developed by Steven Taylor Wichmanowski based in part on Pearson Environmental Science by Jay Withgott Climate and Biomes Adapted by T.Brunetto from: Developed by Steven Taylor Wichmanowski based in part on Pearson Environmental Science by Jay Withgott Remember that an ecosystem consists of all the biotic

More information

All About Plants. What are plants?

All About Plants. What are plants? All About Plants What are plants? Plants are living things that are made up of cells. They need air, water, soil, and sunlight to live. They cannot move from place to place, but their leaves move to catch

More information

How does the greenhouse effect maintain the biosphere s temperature range? What are Earth s three main climate zones?

How does the greenhouse effect maintain the biosphere s temperature range? What are Earth s three main climate zones? Section 4 1 The Role of Climate (pages 87 89) Key Concepts How does the greenhouse effect maintain the biosphere s temperature range? What are Earth s three main climate zones? What Is Climate? (page 87)

More information

UNIT 5: ECOLOGY Chapter 15: The Biosphere

UNIT 5: ECOLOGY Chapter 15: The Biosphere CORNELL NOTES Directions: You must create a minimum of 5 questions in this column per page (average). Use these to study your notes and prepare for tests and quizzes. Notes will be stamped after each assigned

More information

Biosphere Organization

Biosphere Organization Biosphere Organization What is a biome? Biomes refer to a large region or area characterized by the following: 1. A particular climate pattern of the annual temperature and precipitation distribution,

More information

8 Reproduction in flowering plants

8 Reproduction in flowering plants Self-assessment questions 8.01 8 Reproduction in flowering plants 1 Which is the most accurate statement? The principal role of a flower in the life cycle of a plant is: (a) attracting insects (b) producing

More information

Nicotiana wigandiodies

Nicotiana wigandiodies Nicotiana wigandiodies New Crop Presentation By Matthew Ng Neil Anderson Plant Production II - 2014 Nicotiana wigandioides Topics to be Covered History Classification and Varieties Other Nicotiana Varieties

More information

Part 1: Naming the cultivar

Part 1: Naming the cultivar REGISTRATION FORM FOR a CULTIVAR NAME of POPULUS L. Sub-Committee for Nomenclature and Registration FAO - International Poplar Commission (appointed in 1958 as the ICRA for the genus Populus) Addresses

More information

Alstroemeria Inticancha

Alstroemeria Inticancha Premium Perennials Alstroemeria Inticancha Antarctica (P) 40 7-9 Bryce (P) 40 7-9 Cabana (P) 40 7-9 Dark Purple (P) 40 7-9 Doba (P) 40 7-9 Imala (P) 40 7-9 Indigo (P) 40 7-9 45 Kanika (P) 40 7-9 Machu

More information