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2 \. Vol. 46 NO.1 JANUARY " ILLINOlS~ORCHID SOCiETY NEWSLETTER JAMES F. SPATZEK, EDITOR HAPPY NEW Y~AR & Welcome to The Year of the Mid-America Orchid Congress January Meeting. Isn't January wonderful? It seems like everything is in full bloom. Got something you'd like to propagate? Maybe breed and grow the ultimate Paph or CONTENTS January Meeting 1 The President's Message 2 American Orchid Society Judging Speakers 2 Q&A 3 Future 10S Board Meetings Calendar-Upcoming Events 3 3 Report of the Awards Committee... 4 QUiZ 6 QUIZ # 3 6 The Mid America., " 7 Phal? Frightened? Confused? On January 19, 1997, Erich Michel from Hoosier Orchid Company, will calm our fears and help us with a discussion on "'Seed Propagation of Orchids". This is a version of the talk that he presented at the World Orchid Conference in Brazil several months ago. If you need to know how to pollinate, flask, deflask, grow in community pots, and grow to full bloom, come January 19 to the CBG. Erich Michel is the operations manager at Hoosier Orchid Company in Indianapolis, Indiana, and has heen growing orchids since His main field of interest is biochemistry and microbiology--both useful for growing the darn things. Erich will bring plants for sale. If you have any special requests, call him at (317) , and he will bring your ordered plants to the meeting. Hoosier specializes in unusual species, so get out your wish list and go crazy. Have your display plants and sale plants in place by 12:30 PM. Bring food--baked goods, that is! The cold will make us hungry. We need the calories to keep warm. Leftover fruitcake is O.K, too. LOIS
3 2 ILLINOIS ORCHID SOCIETYNEWSLETTER JANUARY 1997 The President~$ Message by LEO SCHORDJE (847) The Christmas Party was a success! We had more food than ever before; there was even a little left over. Thanks to everyone who brought a dish. Thank you also to I Gene Hausermann, Dana Harrison, and Lynn Hausermann, and the rest of the crew for being our hosts again this year. A good time was had by all. I love talking to everyone. The diversity of our Society is one of its beauties. I ended up in a lively conversation whose topic was comparing orchid conservation and then later language education sysetems of Nepal versus Sri Lanka(unrelated topics but the same 2 people). Thiru, we are going to miss you when you go back home later next year. We have members who come to us from all parts of the world. By getting to know them. you can get insight into what the rest of the world is like even if you can't travel. With the January meeting it is time to start thinking about the Mid-America Orchid Congress and the IOS Spring Show in April. So far the planning seems to be coming along fine thanks to Sue Golan & Jim Spatzek, cochairmen of the events, and their able helpers--jodi Hirt, Sherry Maloney, Linda Shubert, and Carole Thompson. When you are called to volunteer, [ hope everyone saysz'yes" ami gives a hand. This is an enormous Wldertaking and Sue & Jim will need help from all of you. Read additionat"'tiel~tils else- where in this newsletter. 0 Meanwhile, Happy New Year, and see you all at the January meeting. IOS-IOS-IOS A m e ri. can Orchid Judging The juq~ You are encouraged to bring you blooming plants to be considered for an American Orchid Society Award. January 11, 1997 February 8, 1997 March 22, 1997 April 11, 1997 May 10,1997 June 14, 1997 July 12, 1997 August 9, 1997 September 13, 1997 October 18, 1997 November 8, 1997 December 13, 1997 January 10, 1998 Society of the American Orchid;' Soci~ty ChicagoJudging Center are.held monthly in the Lmneal.ls Room of the Chicago Botanic Garden, Glencoe, IL, on the 2nd Saturday of the month(unless otherwise announced and published in the AOS Bulletin & also see below). 9:00PM 9:00PM PLEASE NOTE AGAIN THAT THE MONTHLY JUDGINGS ARE NOW ON THE 2nd SATURDAY AT UNLESS OTHERWISE AN NOUNCED. DO NOT PAY ATTENTION TO THE DATES & TIMES IN THE AOS BULLETIN! January February March April May June July August September 108-IOS-IOS 'New Members: Caryn Dupon Setsuko & June Equro Tom & Mary Glodek Claire Papiewski IOS-IOS-IOS Chicago Joliet, IL Niles, IL Elgin,IL Welcome! We look forward to rn.eetmg'you at the first opportunity. Join in! The IOS is only as good as YOU make it! 1997 Speakers Erich Michel, Hoosier Orchid Co. "Seed Propagation of Orchids" Dr. Guido 8raem of Hanau,Germany, on "Paph Species & Hybrids". Dr. Warren Stoutamire, "Disas" Mid-America Orchid Congress & IOS Spring Show Dr. Atwood, Selby Botanic Gardens, "Laelia Species" Bnmch Not Confirmed Picnic-oak Hill Gardens Alan Koch, Gold Country Orchids,
4 3 ILUNOIS ORCHID SOCIETY NEWSLETTER JANUARY 1997 October "Mini Cattleyas" Fall Mini Show & Chicagoland Festival Q&A Orchid We have not received any questions this time but my fingerswere too itchy to stay quiet. Therefore, I thought it might be useful for anyone changing his setup to measure the light in various places where plants are placed. I found in one of the books, the following procedure for measuring light intersity: Put a white sheet of paper at the level of the leaves, facing the light source(lamp or sun). Set the light meter of a camera to 25 ASA and shutter speed to 60. Aim the camera at the paper, making sure that you see nothing but the paper. Read the exposure setting indicated by the light meter and convert to foot candles using this table. F-Stop Foot Candles If you have questions for this column that you'd like answerea, ~occ6~iuents tha y()u want to share, send them to: Orchids Brazil# Eric Ladtor 311 Albright Vernon Hills, IL Fax; (847) IOSIOSI0510S IOS-IOS-IOS From Onegf our registrant's program speakers for the Mid America Orchid Congress is Sergio Englert, of Riesel Orquideas, in Porto Alegre, Brazil. As a favor to our members, you may pre-order specific plants from his list and he will bring them to the show. You don't have a list! Two ways to get one: Come to the January meeting or sent two-32 cent stamps to the editor & he will mail a copy to you. Future 105 Board Meetings 1/13/97 Carole Thompson's 31),0/97 Ed Gamson's 5112/97 Lois Cinert's 211-2/2/97 2/8-2/9/96 2/15-2/16/97 2/22-2/23/97 3/15-3/16/97 3/22-3/23/97 3/22-3/23/97 3/22-3/23/97 4/4-4/6/ Calendar- Upcoming Even~ Orchid Grower's Guild 10th Winter :~how & Sale, Orchid 'Quest '97, Exhibition Hall. Dane County Expo Center, Madison, WI Prairie State Orchid Society Spring Show Washington Park Botanical Gardens, Springfield. IL Batavia Orchid Society Show Charlestowne Mall St. Charles, IL Greater Omaha Orchid Society Show Northeastern Wise, Orchid Grower's loth AnniversaryShow, Greenbay Wisconsin Springfield Missouri Orchid Society Show North Towne Mall Springfield, MO Michigan Orchid Society Palm Sunday Show, Laurel Park Place Mall, Livonia, Michigan Springfield Missouri Orchid Society Show IlIowa OrchidSociety
5 4 ILLINOIS ORCHID SOCIETY NEWSLETTER JANUARY 1997 Show,DuckCreek Plaza,852 Middle Road,Bettendorf, fa 4i! 1-4/\3/97 10S SpringShow &Mid-America Orchid Congress; (, Chicago Botanic n_ Garden&Deerfield Hyatt Hotel 4/13/97 International PhalaenopsisAlliance Meeting, Deerfield Hyatt Hotel 4/13/97 The Pleurothallid Alliance Meeting Deerfield Hyatt Hotel 5/3-5/4/97 Orchid Society of Minnesota Show Blaine, MN' 9/27-9/28/97 Wisconsin Orchid Society Show, Mitchell Park Domes Milwaukee, WI. 10/11-10/12/97 Fall Mid-Arnerica Orchid Congress & Orchid Society of St. Louis Show 10/18-10/20/97 Illinois Orchid Society Fall Mini Show Chicago Botanic Garden, Glencoe, II. 11/14-11/15/97 Kansas City Orchid Society Show. IDS-IDS-IDS DUES!DUES!DUES! If you received a dues envelope with this newsletter you renewal check has not been received. If we do not receive your check by late January, your name will be deleted from the membership list & this will be the last newsletter you receive. Send your renewalnow. We/d like.to ke~p all"our ntembersh '1:J _.. ;.'. PosSible6. L~;M--)L/C. :c: '. ~Q'1 Al Report of the Awards Committee Tom Franczak, (847) Chairman Here's the'si*th report ohhe contest year. Included in the point totals are ribbons from our November meeting and from the monthly... Ae;S judging held at the CBG. eii;'.f\ogerson... Rossloglossum grande 'Kathleen' CCM/AOS Cattleya maxima alba 'Kathleen' AM/AOS Wally Crawford... Trisetella hoeljeri 'Silas' CCM/AOS Charlotte Hofman... Oncidlum Cloud Ears CCM/AOS No clonal name was available for the Oncidium at press time. Talk about the years of the wildcat! Four AOS awards to Bill Rogerson during the competition year, to say nothing about the Rose Bowl. Seven AOS awards in just the first half of the competition year!! (At $30 per pop, Bill is now a major benefactor of the Awards Quarterlv joumal-where these awards are published). Of the bunch, the Cattleya maxima alba awarded in November is my favorite...even if it's not purple! We brought 109 plants to the November meeting--72-greenhouse & 37-underlights. There was no Plant-Of- The-Month in the lightstand category.. But, in the greenhouse category, Sue Golan's Neolehmanii P9rpax took that honor. This is the genera formerly know as Epidendrum porpax.(aii it needs is a clonal name. Oh, say, 'The Artist'). We are halfway home with this year's competition and it's still a race in lightstand land. Here's a hinlsend just as many plants as you can to away shows starting early in January. Sure, bring you plants to our Spring Show, but remember, we're h~~t!ng.the Mid-American and someoftlte best growers in the country will be in attendance...you'll be up against it But the blue ripbons you earn at the away shows count just as much as the ones at our show. Go for it & support the' away shows this year!. FIRST PLACE RIBBONS Greenhouse Gaby Calilao & Jim Wortman Lc. Bowri-albida Blc. Emily Shupe Jack Coutts Brassia Rex Joe Dixler Dend.delacourii Dend. mortii Dend.convolutum Paph. Lebaudyanum Maxillaria triloris Dend. rhodostictum Dend. loddigesii\ Cischweinfia pusilla Paph. spicerianum Sue Golan Neolehmania porpax Restrepia antennifera
6 5 ILLINOIS ORCHIQSOCIETY NEWSLETTER JANUARY 1997 Masd. peristeria Angraeeum sp. Sophia Harris Comparettia speciosa Aerangis Hybrid ('. Dtps. Malibu Affection Chuck & Elaine Oslakovic Dend. Kikuya One. Carnival Costume Rhonda Peters Blc. Emily Shupe Ascda. Hybrid Laima Sahagian Miltassia hybrid Milt.Evergreen Premier Aerangis biloba Stenorrhynchus speciosum Dend. gonzalesii Odont. Burkhard Holm Milt. santanaei Neoiauchea puichaha Rhyncho.gigantea alba Pleurothallis cardiothallis Carole Thompson Oberonia japonica L.perrinii v. coerulea Pleurothallis breviscapa(**) **--Species not recognized to be in cultivation through Such plants should be brought or sent to AOS Judging to be considered for possible CBR Award. L1GHTSTAND Kim Anderson Lc. Plum berry Glow Paph.Sacred Dancer Barb Bennett Meiracyllium (trinasutum x wendlandii) Pha!.(Zuma Poem x ~ '"' equestris) Cathy Bloome. Ascda. Viroonchan Gotd o~ Paph. henryanum Angraecum Star Bright Charles High Phrag. longifolium Phrag.Andean Fire Cheryl Kwiatkowski Dendrobium hyb. Lorraine Meyer Encyclia cochleata Paph. Complex hybrid Bil Nelsoh~' Dracula carderi Diana Nielsen,L~Mini Purple 'Tamami" Susan 'West Phrag. Ecua-Bess Phrag. Sorcerer's Apprentice Point Score Accumulations through November 30,1996 GREENHOUSE CATEGORY G.Calilao & J.Wortman 31 Jack Coutts 39 Joe Dixler 535 Sue Golan 839 Sophia Harris 493 Jodi Hirt 368 Barry Lubin 10 Jerome & Virginia Mestdagh(*) 10 Jay Mullen 50 C & E Oslakovic(*) 116 Rhonda Peters 240 Nicola Radcliffe 32 Bill Rogerson 420 Laima Sahagian 694 Jim Spatzek 5 John Stubbings 94 (3,erald Stueben 19 Carole Thompson 267 S6b Vonderohe 11 Bob Wolf 289 Wally Zielinski 22 LIGHTST AND CATEGORY Kim Aaron 28 Walter Andersen 1 Kim Anderson 46 Barb Bennett(*) 36 Cathy ~1()C?me 200 Olga Boor. 20 Dipen Chemburkar 17 Lois Cinert 37 Mich!=ielCOfnwell K & I Dixler Tiida Duiman(*) 10 Joel Edwards 63 John & Joan Emmerich 25 Tom Franczak 44 Ron & Joan Hale 21 Charles High 79 Ed Hoyas(*) 2 Cheryl Kwiatkowski(*) 26 Eric Ladror(*) 3 Willy Losert 190 Sherry Maloney 153 Lorraine Meyer 37 Bil Nelson 30 Diana Nielsen(*) 61 Marsha Ramsay(*) 10 Mel Schmidt 45 Nancy Jean Schoo(*) 10 Leo Schordje 109 Art & Ann Sellmer 5 Cindy Smith(*) 20 Laura Stanley 15
7 6 ILLINOIS ORCHID SOCIETY NEWSLETTER JANUARY 1997 ~'.- Ken Vrabel 51 Chris & Rene Welch 17 Susan West 31 (*) indicates new member for pur-poses of the :7 Competition Year. QUIZ This time I owe you complete answers for the last 2 quizzes. The first quiz dealt with the evolutionary advantage of combining the pollen into a few pollinia. The second dealt with the evolutionary advantage of having only one pollinating insect. There are 2 major advantages to combine the pollen 1. 1to pollinia(i figured out a third advantage last month but forgot it in the meantime): 1. All the pollen gets delivered efficiently to the target; none is wasted; and, 2. All the combinations of gametes get an opportunity of expression which allows for greater variation and thus better adaptation. These advantages come at a great price which is the risk of losing it all. If one pollinia is lost, 50% of the possible progeny and 50% of the possible combinations are lost. Therefore, the process of minimizing the pollen evolved together with a mechanism to ensure the delivery of the pollinia. Different genera solved this problem in different ways. In may genera, glue was "added" to the pollinia which maintains the pollinia glued to the insect for many hours if not days. In other genera, plants had an advantage if they were not frequented by insects. Too many insects that visit many different flowers would be more likely to lose i their"'preciolls cargo. If only one insect pollinates me orchids, those i insects would not frequent other f" flowers andare:}!l'l;o~ likely not to i lose the pollinia.some orchid i genera developed mutualism with their pollinators(like Angraecum), providing them with rich nectar that other insects cannot get. Others take advantage of the pollinators' behavior during the pollination season(e.g. Ophrys, Oncidium). Yet others abuse their pollinators by setgting up.a trap. that ensures proper delivery of pollinia on the stigma, and'proper placement of the pollinia on the insect. An additional advantage enjoyed by plants that are pollinated"gy a sin~e pollinator is tfiat the fower is arranged according to the morphology of the insect which also ensures proper placement and delivery of the pollinia. It is very important to realize that the risk of combining the pollen into pollinia and the risk of using only one pollinator come into play any time that the environment changes. For example, Cynorkis uniflora is a species from Madagascar that produces nectar in a spur that is accessible(almost) only to hawkmoths with very long tongues. However, this species suffers from many thieves that such the nectar but do not pollinate. The balance of pollinators to thieves changed drastically as a result of deforestation and fragmentation of the forests in the native habitat. That species is now endangered because its flowers are robbed of their nectar by insects that previously did not penetrate the thick forests. The same may have happened to our Cypripedium, and may still be happening. though we do not know for sure. Thus, the processes that offered advantages to orchids during their evolution also rendered them more susceptible to htiman disturbances. Even if the iiilnlediateenvironment appears not to have changed, subtle differences may tip the balance against species that are susceptible. This time we have received only 4 answers; one was not exactly correct; two were precisely correct and the fourth may be correct(i will know better when I can decipher the hand writing). Therefore, the chance of-winning the GRAND prize of a $10 gift certificate had been 1:2 or 1:3. This is much better tl}anthe 1:10 in Fhelottery. So what are you waiting Tor? Enter Quiz #3. GOOD LUCK!!!!!! QUIZ # 3 Which 2 orchid genera have unisexual flowers? Most orchids are hermaphroditic-having the male and female parts in the same flower, but these two have either male or female flowers. Send your answen to: ERICLADROR 311 Albright Ct. Vernon Hills, IL or, to: or, fax to: (847)
8 TILLINOIS ORCHID SOCIETVNEWSLETTER JANUARY 1997 Commentary: The ISTHA creeps have crawled out from the rock thev hide under. Now they want to hire a PR firmlo fight the growing grassroots oppasitian to their diabolical Raute 53 plan. Whv, ane might think that we're just past same electian ar ather. When last we encountered these altar boys, yau'll remember, they were staggering under the weight af righteous indignation. Recall their posturing about environmental concern and the review process thev would undergo. before launching so much as a tay bulldazer. 'vve didn't believe them/like them/want them then, and we were right not to. And we still don't! SAVE VOLO BOG; save our native orchids; fight ISTHA any way yau can. (Hint: They want to spend a partian af yaur tails an a campaign to defeat the canservatianists appased to. them. This is easy enaugh far even Dilbert's boss to. understand. Stay the hell off the tallways.) Tam Franczak The Mid America What's this Mid-America Orchid Cangress, we've been hearing so. much abaut? & Well ladies and gentlemen, bays girls, the Mid-America Orchid Cangress is the semi-annual meeting af this parent graup which has as members all af the orchid societies in the midwest, andsauth. It includes among ather states: Illinais, Michigan, Wiscansin, Minnesata, Ohio., Indiana, Iawa, Missouri, Kansas, Tennessee, KentUckv,.",..Georgi,\~ Alabama, Arkansas, and the pravinces af Ontario. and 1'vlanitaba. That should be all of~~! It is sin,lilar to. the Eastern OrchId Cangress in that it supparts sacieties, judging centers, and general archid related matters in this multi-state area. The cangress is held twice a year- spring & fall, and consists af variaus cammittee meetings, the Congress meeting itself, the Afftliated Societies breakfast, an auction, and a banquet and is he~d in canjunctian with the spansaring societies' annual shaw. Next Fall's congress will be in St. Louis. It's an hanar to host a cangress and it- take~'aifi:)'tof people and energy" i, to organize the events which. bern on Friday and cantrnue throught until Sunday. Sue Golan and Jim Spatzek are co-chairmen of this event and will need all of the help they.can get from members. Have you helped before? Call Sue ar Jim and valunteer to do. your favorite thing now. There are lots af apportunities to. help through aut the three days and in the time leading up to. the congress both the show and cangress. A complete sign-up sheet will appear in the February issue af this newsletter but why nat call now! There is a Cangress registration fee. It's thirty dollars until March I, 1997, when it will rise to forty-five dollars. YVhat's it for? As a registrant yau will receive a registrants' package when you check in for the co.ngress. You will also. be entitled to. attend au events including the Congress Speaker's Program which was mentioned last month. Registering is the only way yau can attend the speaker's pragram. We hope that all of the [OS members will register--probablv nat a gaod chance af 100%! We wauld like all members to cansider attending the Mid-America Auction an Saturday night when yau will have an appartunity to. bid an some fine plants and archid-related items, and to attend the banquet an Saturday night when yau will nat anly have a lot af fun with yaur fellaw members but also meet some af the names vau've read about in orchid literature. these cangresses. They all attend So., help when yau can. If you have a campany that can supply a item for the registrant's bag(gratis) do let tis kno~. We heed about of whatever the item is. Let Sue or Jim knaw. What kind of an item? Pens, pencils, paper, maps, etc. PLAN TO HELP AND PARTICIPATE THE WEEKEND OFAPRlL 11-13,1997. YOU'LL HAVE A GREAT TIME!!!!! YOU'LL LEARN A LOT!!!! YOU'LL MEET SOME GREAT ORCHID PEOPLE!!!!!!!!
9 8 ILLINOISORCHID SOCIETYNEWSLETTER JANUARY1997 ONE LA8T TIME: Donlt forget to pay your dues or you'll miss another great issue of the 10S~: NF:VV8 LETTER! I know I'm thinking too much agian--but how deep would the ocean be if there " weren't any sponges: The Illinois Orchid Society, Inc. James F. Spatzek, Editor 106 East Sheridan Road Lake Bluff, IL Joseph & Rosalie Dixler 811 Stone gate DR Highland Park IL (X) January 1997 Dated Material Deliver by Jan 15 Address Correction Requested
E A S T E R N I O W A O R C H I D S O C I E T Y A small group of people with a big love of growing orchids. The Spike In This Month s Newsletter: Note from the President Page 1 & last Meeting directions
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Algebra 1 Relationships Between Quantities Relationships Between Quantities Everyone loves math until there are letters (known as variables) in problems!! Do students complain about reading when they come
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Itron White Paper Energy Forecasting Defining Normal Weather for Energy and Peak Normalization J. Stuart McMenamin, Ph.D Managing Director, Itron Forecasting 2008, Itron Inc. All rights reserved. 1 Introduction
Joseph Mays (765) 494-6574 Feb 5, 2008 http://www.iclimate.org Summary January 2008 Climate Summary January was a mix bag of conditions, with an oscillatory pattern developing. We experienced phases of
Kyria Abrahams The Other Side of the Magic Shop Bella stands behind the counter of the dusty magic shop. The truth is this afterschool job isn t as fun as she thought it would be. The store is cold and
Forecasting Fun WEATHER NURSERY RHYMES compiled by Terry Pierce illustrated by Paula Knight Table of Contents Special thanks to our advisers for their expertise: Terry Flaherty, Ph.D., Professor of English
CHAPTER 18 3 Types of Interactions SECTION Interactions of Living Things BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What determines an area s carrying capacity?
S P E C I A L P O I N T S O F I N T E R E S T : Montour Preserve News V O L U M E 2, I S S U E 3 S U M M E R 2 0 1 7 Join us for one of a variety of programs this summer. Summer Nature Notes The hotter
6 th Grade Practice Test Objective 1.1 1. Dale used these steps to form a number pattern. 1. The first term is 3. 2. The second term is 5. 3. Each term after the second is the sum of the two terms just
Your Comments I love you. Seriously. I do. And you never post it. I felt really bad whilst completing the checkpoint for this. This stuff is way above my head and I struggled with the concept of precession.
EARTH S REVOLUTION -and- EARTH S ROTATION Earth s Revolution Have you ever noticed that your classroom globe is tilted? This is no accident. Globes are made to be replicas, or models, of the Earth. Earth
Chapter 9: Apportionment Apportionment involves dividing something up, just like fair division. In fair division we are dividing objects among people while in apportionment we are dividing people among
Access Statement for Kielder Observatory Introduction Kielder Observatory is a centre for outreach in astronomy located in Kielder Forest, Northumberland nestled in under the largest expanse of protected
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Essential Maths Skills for AS/A-level Geography Helen Harris Series Editor Heather Davis Educational Consultant with Cornwall Learning Contents Introduction... 5 1 Understanding data Nominal, ordinal and
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People Helping People Story by DANA NAGAISHI Illustrations by DARIN HAJIME People Helping People Story by Dana Nagaishi Illustrations by Darin Hajime The phrase People Helping People is a registered trademark
There has been a lot of discussion in the UFO community lately about disclosure. There has been so much, in fact, that many people don't want to hear the word anymore. The word disclosure has become almost
email@example.com 2/8/2013 Tomato Talk Burgerveen, the Month of July By: Jarek, Lukasz & Mike quite a bit this month. By now, the frame of the greenhouse and the corridor are in place, as well
Unit 0 Check Sheet Function Families Check sheet must be turned in to receive Homework & Quiz points. All quiz corrections must be done for test score to replace quiz scores. No check sheet = No Points.
UK & Ireland Winter 2017/18 Weather Forecast Winter General Outlook Covering December to February Our overall for the upcoming winter 2017/18 period favours some frequent blocking patterns with some twists
Name: Date: Living on the Moon By Lisa M. Guidone NASA shoots for the moon, then Mars. Only 12 people have set foot on the moon so far . The last time was in late 1972, when two astronauts walked
Georgia Tech High School Math Competition Multiple Choice Test February 28, 2015 Each correct answer is worth one point; there is no deduction for incorrect answers. Make sure to enter your ID number on
ARTICLE-A-DAY Maps 8 Articles Check articles you have read: All Kinds of Maps 104 words How to Draw a Map 105 words The Difference Between Maps and Globes 108 words Learn About Maps 96 words Seven Large
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Explorers 3 Teacher s notes for the Comprehension Test: The Magic Flute Do this test after you have read the whole book with the class. Ask the children to fill in their name and the date at the top of
FREEZE FLY January 1, 2016 SWAP MEET January 16, 2016 Glitch Busters February 2018 NEXT MEETING January 5 at 7:00 PM at the Newark Senior Center AMA #197 WARBIRDS OVER DELAWARE July 11-14, 2018 NEXT MEETING
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Tornado Hazard Risk Analysis: A Report for Rutherford County Emergency Management Agency by Middle Tennessee State University Faculty Lisa Bloomer, Curtis Church, James Henry, Ahmad Khansari, Tom Nolan,