Unit B: Diversity of Living Things

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1 Unit B: Diversity of Living Things Chapter 3: Multicellular Diversity - Considerable diversity exists among multicellular organisms, as well. Specific Expectations: In the chapter you will learn how to B1.2: analyze the impact that climate change might have on the diversity of living things. (3.4, 3.5) B2.1: Use appropriate terminology related to biodiversity. (3.3) B2.2: classify and draw representative organisms from each of the kingdoms according to their unifying and distinguishing anatomical and physiological characteristics. (3.2, 3.4, 3.5) B2.4: create and apply a dichotomous key to identify and classify organisms from each of the kingdoms. (3.2, 3.5) B3.3: describe unifying and distinguishing anatomical and physiological characteristics of representative organisms. (3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4) B3.4: explain key structural and functional changes in organisms as they have evolved over time. (3.1, 3.2)

2 3.1: From Algae to Terrestrial Plants pg Key Terms: alga, plant, embryo, sporic reproduction, gametophyte, and sporophyte. The Multicellular Algae Brown algae (Phylum Phaeophyta) Red Algae (Phylum Rhodophyta) Green algae (Phylum Chlorophyta) The Shift to Land Learning Check: 1 6 pg. 93 Adaptation to Life on Land Plant Embryos Vascular Tissues, Leaves, and Roots Alternation of Generations Review Questions: 1 12 pg. 95 Activity 3.1: How Might Climate Change Affect Gianat Kelp? 1 3 pg. 92 Study Guide: Self Assessment 1 15 SG Algae The Evolutionary Link Between Protists and the Plant Kingdom (3.1) 1 2 SG 34 35

3 3.2: The Plant Kingdom pg Key Terms: Bryophyte, gymnosperm, angiosperm, cone, flower, fruit, monocot, and dicot. Non-Vascular Plants: Bryophytes Bryophyte Life Cycle Seedless Vascular Plaants The Fern Life Cycle Learning Check: 7 12 pg. 97 Seed Producing Vascular Plants: Gymnosperms and Angiosperms Gymnosperm Diversity Reproduction in Gymnosperms: Cones and Pollen Angiosperm Diversity Angiosperm Characteristics Learning Check: pg. 101 Flower and Fruit Angiosperm Classification Review Questions: 1 13 pg. 104 Activity 3.2: Seedless Plant Classification 1 3 pg. 100 Plan Your Own Inv.3 A: Classifying Conifers pg. 130 Study Guide: Kingdom Plantae (3.2) 1-5 SG 36 38

4 3.3: The Fungus Kingdom pg Key Terms: Fungus, hypha, mycelium, fruiting body, zygospore, ascus, basidium, and lichen. Structure of Fungi Fungal Nutrition Fungal Reproduction Fungal Classification Lichens Fungi Imperfecti (Phylum Deuteromycota) Chytrids (Phylum Chytridomycota) Learning Check: pg. 107 Zygospore fungi (Phylum Zygomycota) Sac Fungi (Phylum Ascomycota) Club Fungi (Phylum Basidiomycota) Review Questions: 1 15 pg. 110 Inquiry Inv. 3 C: Classifying Common Fungi pg Study Guide: Kingdom Fungi (3.3) 1 4 SG 39 40

5 3.4: The Animal Kingdom pg Key Terms: invertebrate, vertebrate, radial symmetry, bilateral symmetry, coelom, segmentation, polyp, medusa, mantle, exoskeleton, notochord, cartilage, tetrapod, ectothermy, endothermy, mammary gland, and placenta. What is an Animal? Characteristics Used to Classify Animals Levels of Organization Number of Body Layers Symmetry and Body Plans Body Cavities Segmentation Movement Reproduction Invertebrate Animals Sponges and Cnidarians Worms Molluscs Echinoderms Arthropods Vertebrate Animals Fish Amphibians Reptiles Birds Mammals Learning Check: pg. 113 Two Body Forms Learning Check: pg. 117 Learning Check: pg. 121 Review Questions: 1 15 pg. 124

6 Activity 3.3: Classifying Animals 1 4 pg. 121 Inquiry Inv. 3 D: Classifying Arthropods pg Study Guide: Kingdom Animalia (3.4) 1 4 SG 41 43

7 3.5: The Biodiversity Crisis pg Key Terms: mass extinction, biodiversity crisis, modeling, and temperature sex determination. The Threat of Climate Change to Biodiversity Climate Change and Food Sources Climate Change and Habitat Climate Change and Reproduction Learning Check: pg. 127 Climate Change, Plants, and Animal pollinators Climate Change and Aquatic Ecosystems Review Questions: 1 11 pg. 129 Study Guide: The Biodiversity (3.5) 1 3 SG 44 Bringing It All Together SG 45 Practice Test 1 13 SG 46-47

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