OHIO ST A ST T A E UN E IVERSIT UN Y Y EX T EX ENSION INTRO TO ENTOMOLOGY

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "OHIO ST A ST T A E UN E IVERSIT UN Y Y EX T EX ENSION INTRO TO ENTOMOLOGY"

Transcription

1 INTRO TO ENTOMOLOGY

2 What Is Entomology?

3 ANSWER: The Study of Insects (and sometimes they lump in those OTHER arthropods )

4 An Insect Example: Lubber Grasshopper 3 segments Image from: Shetlar, 2011

5 antenna Lubber Grasshopper Head compound eye ocelli frons clypeus labrum mandible maxilla labium Image from: Shetlar, 2011

6 pronotum mesopleuron spiracle Lubber Grasshopper Thorax metapleuron femur coxa tibia trochanter tarsus Image from: Shetlar, 2011

7 Lubber Grasshopper Abdomen abdominal tergites cercus abdominal sternites spiracles Image from: Shetlar, 2011

8 Insect Respiratory System spiracles Cana lily skipper (a butterfly) larvae have an almost completely transparent exoskeleton, thereby allowing a good view of the tracheal system.

9 antenna Lubber Grasshopper Appendages wings 6 legs (3 on each side shown here) exoskeleton Image from: Shetlar, 2011

10 3 body segments Antennae 3 pairs of legs Eyes An Insect Defined often compound, sometimes simple, or both Exoskeleton Joints jointed legs, antenna (arthro-pod = joint foot) Wings Often in some life stage but not always

11 WHY define an insect Understanding the basis of what an I found this on my bed so it must be a bedbug! INSECT is, and is NOT will help you when beginning to ID. What book to look in?

12 Is this an insect?

13 TAPED SAMPLES TAPE can be your enemy Distorts and destroys a sample. Suggest they put samples in a ziplock, jar, tupperware, old RX bottle Rubbing alcohol as preservative if squishy

14 Is this an insect? OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION

15 Antenna Leg? Closer look- Yes it is

16 Is this an insect? OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION

17 Thorax with legs abdomen antenna Is this an insect?

18 Photo by: Colin & Sarah Northway, FLICKR creative commons with attribution Is this an insect?

19 AND Keep in mind that insects look differently throughout their lives because of their DEVELOPMENT

20 Incomplete Metamorphosis Hairy Chinch Bug egg 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th normal wing short wing instar instar instar instar instar adult adult Egg Nymphal Adult Stage Stage Stage Slide from Shetlar 2011

21 Complete Metamorphosis Northern Masked Chafer egg 1st 2nd 3rd pupa adult instar instar instar Egg Larval Pupal Adult Stage Stage Stage Stage

22 So WHY do we learn what an insect IS? To a homeowner A bug is just something you SQUISH.

23 So WHY do we learn what an To a Master Gardener insect IS? An INSECT must be well-defined We must ID them properly to distinguish: Insect Spider Centipede or Millipede Dust Bunny? ALL DIFFERENT! With different management Sometimes we need to tell homeowners that it is NOT a bug.

24 Where do Insects fall out in the scheme of things? Insect Classification

25 Taxonomy Kingdom Phylum Kind People Come Over For Great Sandwiches King Phillip Came Over For Great Spaghetti Class Order Family Genus Species Specific Epithet or SPECIES NAME italicized (Homo sapien) (Apis mellifera)

26 Taxonomy Kingdom - ANIMALIA Phylum - ARTHROPODA Class INSECTA (just one of many types of arthropods) Order OVER 30 ORDERS of Insects (distinguishes the beetles from the bees) Family different groups of BEES Genus Species Specific Epithet or SPECIES NAME italicized (Homo sapien) (Apis mellifera)

27 Characteristics of Phylum Arthropoda Segmented Bodies Regions: Insect: Head, Thorax, Abdomen Centipede / Millipedes: Head & Trunk Spider: Cephalothorax, Abdomen Paired appendages Chitinous exoskeleton Must be Molted Bilateral symmetry

28 But there are OTHER Classes Kingdom - Animalia Phylum ARTHROPODA ( jointed foot ) Spiders, Lobsters, Shrimp, Crabs, Centipedes, Millipedes, Insects = ALL arthropods CLASS Class Xiphosura horseshoe crabs Class Arachnida arachnids Class Crustacea crustaceans Class Diplopoda millipedes Class Chilopoda centipedes Class Symphyla garden centipedes Class Insecta insects

29 But there are OTHER Classes Kingdom - Animalia Phylum ARTHROPODA ( jointed foot ) Spiders, Lobsters, Shrimp, Crabs, Centipedes, Millipedes, Insects = ALL arthropods CLASS Class Xiphosura horseshoe crabs Class Arachnida arachnids Class Crustacea crustaceans Class Diplopoda millipedes Class Chilopoda centipedes Class Symphyla garden centipedes Class Insecta insects

30 Let s Dive In Class Xiphosura horseshoe crabs Class Arachnida arachnids Class Crustacea crustaceans Class Diplopoda millipedes Class Chilopoda centipedes Class Symphyla garden centipedes Class Insecta insects

31 Orders of Arachnids Scorpiones - scorpions Pseudoscorpiones - false scorpions Opiliones - daddy-long-legs or harvestmen Acari - mites & ticks Araneae - spiders Kind People Come Over For Great Sandwiches

32 Scorpion Pseudoscorpion Tick (a mite) Daddy-long-legs Wolf Spider Not to scale

33 CLASS: Arachnida ORDER: Scorpiones Immature common striped scorpion Centruroides vittatus Whitney Cranshaw, bugwood.org Scorpions range in size and color Clemson University USDA Cooperative Extension Slide Series, bugwood.org PROBABLY won t deal too much with these guys Unless a pet escapes!

34 CLASS: Arachnida ORDER: PSEUDOSCORPIONES Phoretic travel- hitch a ride on a host to get around Over 200 species in N. America Over 3,300 worldwide May be confused with a tick High humidity leaf litter, soil, cracks No stinger Strangely, you MAY get questions on these! By: Anita Gould, Bugguide.net (CC BY-ND-NC By: Kyron Basu, Bugguide.net (CC BY-ND-NC 1.0)

35 Mite and Tick Body Regions CLASS: Arachnida ORDER: Acari OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION pedipalps & chelicerae cephalothorax abdomen

36 Trio of Important Ticks Adult Activity: Late March through July Transmits (Rocky Mt. spotted fever) Adult Habitat: Grassy areas along paths and roads Ornamentation American Dog tick, Dermacentor variabilis Ornamentation Activity: All life stages bite Active 12 months Blacklegged deer tick Ixodes scapularis No Ornamentation Habitat: Forest & shrubs Ornamentation Lone star tick Amblyomma americanum Activity: All life stages bite April August Transmits (Lyme disease) Photos courtesy the Tick Research Laboratory, Texas A&M University Slide G.R. Needham, The Ohio State University Transmits (Ehrlichiosis)

37 American Dog Tick American Dog Tick, female Questing for a host Male American Dog Tick Jim Occi, BugPics, Bugwood.org Photo: David Shetlar, 2011 ppt

38 American dog tick female laying egg mass ( eggs!). Slide from Shetlar, 2011

39 Lone Star Tick Adult female Fed Adult Female after 10 days of feeding Adult male Fed nymph Unfed nymph G.R. Needham, The Ohio State University Photo used with permission from Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases in Iowa, Iowa State University Extension

40 Fed nymph Un Adult male Deer Tick AKA Black-Legged tick Adult female Unfed nymph Note- no ornamentation or pattern on back Unfed Larva Partly fed female G.R. Needham, The Ohio State University Photo used with permission from Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases in Iowa, Iowa State University Extension Fully fed female

41 Clover mites CSIRO, wikimedia commons David Cappaert, bugwood.org Predatory mite J. Holopainen, Wikimedia commons

42

43 Class: Arachnida Only one body region ORDER: Opiliones No fangs, no venom glands cephalothorax Abdomen shows the segmentation Only 2 eyes, unlike true spiders Do not produce silk

44 True Spiders pedipalp chelicera (fang) cephalothorax narrow waist abdomen Class: Arachnida ORDER: Araneae

45 Black widow with egg case Brown recluse (fiddleback)

46 Classes of Myriapods (many legged arthropods) (all have one pair of antennae, a head region, and trunk with many pairs of legs, use trachea) Diplopoda - millipedes Chilopoda - centipedes Symphyla - garden centipedes

47 Myriapods [one pair of antennae, head & trunk regions, trunk with many pairs of legs] Millipede (Diplopoda) Two pair of legs per visible segment, attached under body. Centipede (Chilopoda) Pair of fangs under head, one pair legs per visible segment - attached to side of body. Symphylan (Symphyla) [garden centipede] No fangs, no eyes, legs attached to side of body.

48 Millipede (Diplopoda) Centipede (Chilopoda) Garden centipede (Symphyla) Slide: David Shetlar, 2011

49 Sowbugs (CLASS: Crustacea, Order Isopoda), terrestrial crustaceans

50 Back again to Class INSECTA Three body regions head, thorax, abdomen Thorax with three pairs of legs; normally two pairs of wings in adult stage Head with one pair of antennae Respiration by trachea Terrestrial & fresh water inhabitants

51 Order Collembola (glue wedge) springtails Wingless (primitively) Chewing mouthparts Feed on plants, bacteria, & fungi Important as decomposers Alarming to homeowners on windowsills, sidewalks

52 collophore ***furcula

53 Order Thysanura (bristle tail) silverfish & firebrats Look like they have 3 tails 2 cerci 1 median filament Wingless (primitively) Most are covered with scales Chewing mouthparts Feed on organic matter, starchy materials

54 Kansas Department of Agriculture, Bugwood.org OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION

55 This is NOT a silverfish. What is this? Joseph Berger, Bugwood.org

56 Order Dermaptera (skin wing) earwigs Cerci like forceps, pinchers Defense, prey capture, mating Elongate, flattened Two pairs of wings Forewings usually short, hard Hindwings membranous, folded Few species are wingless

57 Whitney Cranshaw, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org

58 Digging Deeper Let s take a closer look at the INSECT ORDERS ACTIVITY

59 ROTATE through each station FOR EACH I will ask: What kind of mouthparts? (Why? These create specific plant damage and are helpful in identifying insect pests on plants!) Piercing / Sucking? Chewing? Sponging? Complete or Incomplete Metamorphosis? Wings? How many? Something interesting about this group to help you remember.

60 Order Hemiptera (half wing) true bugs & bug-like insects Piercing Sucking Mouthparts Plant Feeders or Predators / Parasites Leathery and Membranous Wings cross in an X shape OR Membranous Wings held above abdomen in a TENT (inverted V shape)

61

62

63

64

65

66

67

68

69

70

71

72

73

74

75 Order Coleoptera (sheath wing) beetles Largest order in animal kingdom Chewing mouthparts Complete metamorphosis Forewings (elytra) are hardened, opaque, meet in the midline of back Hindwings membranous, folded under elytra Feed on plants, organic matter, stored products; or predatory

76

77 David Cappaert, bugwood.org OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION

78

79

80

81

82 Whitney Cranshaw Colorado State University, bugwood.org

83

84

85

86

87 Order Hymenoptera (marriage wing or membrane wing) bees, wasps, sawflies, ants Wings: 4 membranous wings Hind pair smaller than front pair Pairs attached by row of small hooks Bees, wasps, & ants have second abdominal segment constricted & narrow; i.e. effect of wasp-waist Sawflies have broadly joined thorax & abdomen

88

89

90

91

92

93

94

95

96

97

98

99 Order Isoptera (equal wing) termites Social Reproductives (queens & kings) Four wings of equal size Wings twice the length of the body Wings lack cross-veins Workers & soldiers Lack wings Body white Distinguish from ants: Lack of elbowed antennae No constriction between abdomen & thorax

100 Swarming reproductive termites

101 Workers and a soldier

102 Order Neuroptera (nerve wing) lacewings & dobsonflies, antlions, owlflies Wings Membranous, 2 pairs Approximately equal size Many veins & cross-veins Chewing mouthparts, sometimes modified Complex metamorphosis Members of interest are predators

103

104 Flickr, Joka2000, Flickr, Zen Sutherland,

105

106 Order Lepidoptera (scale wing) moths & butterflies Shingle-like scales on wings 4 wings, often colorful Complete /Complex metamorphosis Mouthparts Chewing in larva Sucking (siphoning) or none in adults Proboscis in butterflies: coiled siphon Larvae (caterpillars) 2-5 prolegs on abdomen

107

108

109 Common Buckeye OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION

110

111

112 Order Diptera (two wing) true flies Mouthparts: Sucking: modified piercing/ sucking, sponging, lapping, slashing in adult Modified chewing in larva One pair wings, on mesothorax Metathorax has 1 pair of small, knobbed appendages (halteres) Occasionally wingless

113 Janco Tanis, jancology.com, Bugwood.org OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION

114

115

116

117

118 Order Orthoptera (straight wing) grasshoppers & crickets Two pairs wings Forewings leathery & narrow; protect Hindwings membranous, fan-folded Some are wingless (cave crickets) Most have hind legs enlarged for jumping Females have prominent ovipositor Produce songs by rubbing wing bases together or rubbing the wings on their legs

119

120 Other Insects You Will Run Into

121 Quiz- what s this! OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION

122 Order Mantodea (soothsayer) mantids / praying mantid Large ( mm) Forelegs modified for grasping prey Predatory Chewing mouthparts Gradual metamorphosis

123 Quiz- What s this?

124 Order Blattodea cockroaches Flattened body Long slender antennae Wings thickened, leathery Wings reduced in some species Legs modified for running Chewing mouthparts Gradual metamorphosis Feed on organic matter, stored products, plants

125 Order Thysanoptera (fringe wing) thrips Small (most <4 mm), elongate Chewing mouthparts Small conical beak Rasping mouthparts Most with 4 wings Strap-like Fringed with long bristles Some species are wingless

126

127 Thrips Damage on gladiola Photo: Whitney Cranshaw, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org

128 Art Cushman, USDA Systematics Entomology Laboratory, Bugwood OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION

129 Western Flower Thrips Damage Whitney Cranshaw, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org

130 Order Siphonaptera (sucking wingless) fleas Body: small, hard, laterally compressed Wingless Mouthparts: Piercing/sucking for blood in adult Chewing in larva Larvae feed on organic matter

131

132

World of Insects. Characteristics, Orders, and Collecting

World of Insects. Characteristics, Orders, and Collecting World of Insects Characteristics, Orders, and Collecting What You Should Know About Insects Taxonomy Kingdom Animalia Phylum Arthropoda Class - Insecta Insects Are Arthropods Insects are the largest group

More information

www.ugaextension.com 1 General Entomology Susan Ellis, www.insectimages.org Prepared from information written by Dr. Kris Braman, Dr. Beverly Sparks, Dr. David Adams Learning objectives Basic classification

More information

Arthropods. Ch. 13, pg

Arthropods. Ch. 13, pg Arthropods Ch. 13, pg. 374-382 382 Arthropods Insects Arachnids Centipedes and Millipedes Crustaceans Characteristics of Arthropods Arthropods have jointed appendages and include legs, antennae, claws,

More information

Phylum Arthropoda. Phylum Arthropoda. Arthropods dominate the planet by number of species 7/5/2017. Out of Chaos, Order(s) Lots and lots of relatives

Phylum Arthropoda. Phylum Arthropoda. Arthropods dominate the planet by number of species 7/5/2017. Out of Chaos, Order(s) Lots and lots of relatives Out of Chaos, Order(s) 2017 Master Gardener College Erwin Duke Elsner Consumer Horticulture/Small Fruit Extension Educator 520 W. Front Street elsner@anr.msu.edu 231-922-4822 Phylum Arthropoda Insects

More information

LEARN 10 Insect Orders of the Wenatchee Watershed

LEARN 10 Insect Orders of the Wenatchee Watershed LEARN 10 Insect Orders of the Wenatchee Watershed Text and photos by Susan Ballinger. Photos of specimens from the collection of Dr. Robert Gillespie, Wenatchee Valley College Order Odonata dragonflies

More information

An Introduction to Bugs. Whitney Cranshaw Colorado State University

An Introduction to Bugs. Whitney Cranshaw Colorado State University An Introduction to Bugs Whitney Cranshaw Colorado State University An Introduction to Bugs Whitney Cranshaw Colorado State University Arthropod Features Segmented body Exoskeleton Jointed appendages

More information

Garden Insects of Central WA

Garden Insects of Central WA Garden Insects of Central WA Ø Ruth Hardison Ø Mike Bush Ø Master Gardener Training- January 27, 2016 Photo courtesy- Susan Spain, Yakima Co. Master Gardener A Little Taxonomy Kingdom = Animal Phylum =

More information

*Add to Science Notebook Name 1

*Add to Science Notebook Name 1 *Add to Science Notebook Name 1 Arthropods, Ch. 13, pg. 374-382 Characteristics of Arthropods *Arthropods are the largest group of animals. *Arthropods have jointed and include,,, and. *Arthropod appendages

More information

Entomology. Janet Spencer Extension Agent, ANR Isle of Wight County

Entomology. Janet Spencer Extension Agent, ANR Isle of Wight County Entomology Janet Spencer Extension Agent, ANR Isle of Wight County Entomology The study of insects Dominant groups of animals on earth today Life on earth: Modern humans=200,000 years Insects=350 million

More information

Biology: Get out your packet from yesterday! If you would like to use gloves on Mon and Tues for Dissection PLEASE BRING THEM!!!

Biology: Get out your packet from yesterday! If you would like to use gloves on Mon and Tues for Dissection PLEASE BRING THEM!!! Biology: Get out your packet from yesterday! Today: 5/15/2014 Learning Objectives: *Discuss answers from yesterday Describe the characteristics of animals that belong to the Phylum Arthropoda *Arthropod

More information

Welcome to the 4H Entomology Project!

Welcome to the 4H Entomology Project! Welcome to the 4H Entomology Project! If you re interested in wildlife ---the outdoors? Have you ever thought of insects and their relatives? They are found almost everywhere in the world and occupy many

More information

Beneficial Aspects. Extent and Economic Importance. Entomology For Master Gardeners

Beneficial Aspects. Extent and Economic Importance. Entomology For Master Gardeners Entomology For Master Gardeners Molly Greenwood Spring 2017 Extent and Economic Importance Major form of higher life Attack all stages of all species Damage equals harvest Beneficial aspects Beneficial

More information

EXTERNAL ANATOMY OF INSECTS

EXTERNAL ANATOMY OF INSECTS External Anatomy of Insects 1 The insect s exoskeleton is made up of a series of plates EXTERNAL ANATOMY OF INSECTS These plates make up the insect s exoskeleton. These plates are connected by joints or

More information

Basics of Entomology. Brandi Ashley

Basics of Entomology. Brandi Ashley Basics of Entomology Brandi Ashley Entomology Entomology is the study of insects There are more than 100,000 different of species of insects in North America. In the typical yard there can be a 1,000+

More information

Pages in the Montana Master Gardener Handbook

Pages in the Montana Master Gardener Handbook Insect Identification Pages 309-326 in the Montana Master Gardener Handbook Integrated Pest Management Integrated Pest Management is an effective and environmentally sensitive approach to pest management

More information

Name Class Date. Matching On the lines provided, write the letter of the description that best matches each term on the left. 1.

Name Class Date. Matching On the lines provided, write the letter of the description that best matches each term on the left. 1. Chapter 28 Arthropods and Echinoderms Chapter Vocabulary Review Matching On the lines provided, write the letter of the description that best matches each term on the left. 1. thorax a. shedding of the

More information

BIO Lab 17: Classification of Organisms

BIO Lab 17: Classification of Organisms Classification of Organisms And God said: Let the earth bring forth the living creature in its kind, Cattle and creeping things, and beasts of the earth, according to their kinds. And it was so done.and

More information

Introduction to the Identification of Insects and Related Arthropods P. M. Choate

Introduction to the Identification of Insects and Related Arthropods P. M. Choate Introduction to the Identification of Insects and Related Arthropods - 2006 P. M. Choate "Much of our usual appreciation of an animal - in any condition - depends on our ability to identify and name it..."

More information

Station 1. Note: There are no samples at this station. 1. True or False: Odonata use their superior flying abilities as a defense.

Station 1. Note: There are no samples at this station. 1. True or False: Odonata use their superior flying abilities as a defense. Station 1 Note: There are no samples at this station. 1. True or False: Odonata use their superior flying abilities as a defense. 2. What do Orthopterans use for defense? A. Stink glands B. Eye spots C.

More information

Arthropoda ARTHRO JOINTED PODA FEET

Arthropoda ARTHRO JOINTED PODA FEET Arthropoda ARTHRO JOINTED PODA FEET The arthropods are a group of animals which has attained the greatest biological success largest number of species and individuals and occupy the greatest number of

More information

Importance of Taxonomic Collections

Importance of Taxonomic Collections Importance of Taxonomic Collections Document earth s biodiversity Facilitate the process of researching relationships among and within different groups of organisms Study ecological processes using special

More information

Entomology Review or What s that Bug? Lady Beetle larvae

Entomology Review or What s that Bug? Lady Beetle larvae Entomology Review or What s that Bug? Lady Beetle larvae pillbugs (crustaceans) spiders, ticks, and Not all bugs are insects. snails (molluscs) spiders (arachnids) centipedes (chilopods) mites (arachnids)

More information

Introduction to the Identification of Insects and Related Arthropods P. M. Choate

Introduction to the Identification of Insects and Related Arthropods P. M. Choate Introduction to the Identification of Insects and Related Arthropods - 2003 P. M. Choate "Much of our usual appreciation of an animal - in any condition - depends on our ability to identify and name it..."

More information

ENTOMOLOGY FOR MASTER GARDENERS

ENTOMOLOGY FOR MASTER GARDENERS ENTOMOLOGY FOR MASTER GARDENERS Jean R. Natter 2011 Terminology Anatomy of insects & spiders Development 8 Insect Orders Insect ID key 2 Scientific name Genus name (genera) species name (species) Common

More information

28 3 Insects Slide 1 of 44

28 3 Insects Slide 1 of 44 1 of 44 Class Insecta contains more species than any other group of animals. 2 of 44 What Is an Insect? What Is an Insect? Insects have a body divided into three parts head, thorax, and abdomen. Three

More information

Unit 12 ~ Learning Guide

Unit 12 ~ Learning Guide Unit 12 ~ Learning Guide Name: INSTRUCTIONS Complete the following notes and questions as you work through the related lessons. You are required to have this package completed BEFORE you write your unit

More information

Illustrations and Notes for One Hundred Common Insects of New Mexico

Illustrations and Notes for One Hundred Common Insects of New Mexico Illustrations and Notes for One Hundred Common Insects of New Mexico David B. Richman New Mexico State University Dept. Entomology, Plant Pathology & Weed Science Las Cruces, New Mexico, USA Unless otherwise

More information

The Wonderful World of Insects. James A. Bethke University of California Cooperative Extension Farm Advisor Floriculture and Nursery San Diego County

The Wonderful World of Insects. James A. Bethke University of California Cooperative Extension Farm Advisor Floriculture and Nursery San Diego County The Wonderful World of Insects James A. Bethke University of California Cooperative Extension Farm Advisor Floriculture and Nursery San Diego County Taxonomy The Insects The Orders Part I Taxonomy Scientific

More information

INSECTS IN AND AROUND YOUR HOME GARDEN. James N. Hogue

INSECTS IN AND AROUND YOUR HOME GARDEN. James N. Hogue INSECTS IN AND AROUND YOUR HOME GARDEN James N. Hogue Along with bacteria the insects are the most numerous and dominant life forms on Earth. Around 1 million insect species have been described. There

More information

OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION. Entomology. OSUE Master Gardeners Mahoning County Class of Bill Snyder April 4, 2017

OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION. Entomology. OSUE Master Gardeners Mahoning County Class of Bill Snyder April 4, 2017 OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION Entomology OSUE Master Gardeners Mahoning County Class of 2017 Bill Snyder April 4, 2017 MG Note: Entomology: The study of Insects Although the manual chapter is enktled

More information

SCI 370C: Lecture 3 Insects

SCI 370C: Lecture 3 Insects SCI 370C: Lecture 3 Insects 1 Class Insecta ( cut into pieces ) ~700-800 thousand known species Estimated 10-20 million exist Body: head, thorax, abdomen Legs: 3 pair Antennae: 1 pair Possess diverse feeding

More information

Introduction to Insects

Introduction to Insects Introduction to Insects PJ Liesch UW-Madison Dept. Entomology! What%are%Insects?%! Spiders%and%other%critters%! Insect%Biology%! Anatomy%! Damage%they%cause%! Growth%and%Development%! Diversity%and%Classification%!

More information

Lecture 11: Why are arthropods successful?

Lecture 11: Why are arthropods successful? Lecture 11: Why are arthropods successful? Goals: 1. Define success 2. Compare insects to other living organisms, understand what insect adaptations have contributed to their success 3. Relate methods

More information

Leica EZ4D Scope Training

Leica EZ4D Scope Training Leica EZ4D Scope Training By: Ryan S. Davis Arthropod Diagnostician UPPDL Fine tuning your photographic skills, and taking pictures of what s important Lecture Preparing insects for photographing Ways

More information

Subphylum Myriapoda and Insect External Morphology and Sensory Structures D. L. A. Underwood Biology General Entomology

Subphylum Myriapoda and Insect External Morphology and Sensory Structures D. L. A. Underwood Biology General Entomology Subphylum Myriapoda and Insect External Morphology and Sensory Structures D. L. A. Underwood Biology 316 - General Entomology A. Subphylum Myriapoda 1. Characteristics a. All myriapods are terrestrial.

More information

Forest Entomology. Forest Insects

Forest Entomology. Forest Insects 6 Forest Insects 7 Insects kill more trees in the U.S. each year than any other forest stress agent. In addition, they can cause significant growth loss, degrade lumber, make trees vulnerable to attack

More information

ENTOMOLOGY Updated 3/4/15

ENTOMOLOGY Updated 3/4/15 ENTOMOLOGY Updated 3/4/15 Purpose: To increase the educational value of the curriculum through visual aids during Entomology course work and to produce more hands on experiences. Objectives: - To develop

More information

SPIDERS. Classification. By Rebecca K. Fraker. SPIDERS UNIT Spiders: Classification

SPIDERS. Classification. By Rebecca K. Fraker. SPIDERS UNIT Spiders: Classification SPIDERS Classification By Rebecca K. Fraker Atlantic Union Conference Teacher Bulletin www.teacherbulletin.org Page 1 of 8 Table of Contents Classification...3 Phylum Arthropoda: Five of the Orders...5

More information

Bugs 101: Getting to Know Another World. OSU Master Gardener Training. Insect Diversity. What is our hope for you here? Diversity by Insect Order

Bugs 101: Getting to Know Another World. OSU Master Gardener Training. Insect Diversity. What is our hope for you here? Diversity by Insect Order Bugs 101: Getting to Know Another World OSU Master Gardener Training Designed by Patricia Patterson Lane County Extension Service Insect Diversity Diversity by Insect Order What is our hope for you here?

More information

INVERTEBRATES. The Earth and Living Things. Carme Font Casanovas 1

INVERTEBRATES. The Earth and Living Things. Carme Font Casanovas 1 INVERTEBRATES Living Things. Carme Font Casanovas 1 How many animals can you see? ant rose coral snake anemone fish grass bee Living Things. Carme Font Casanovas 2 Invertebrates There are animals without

More information

Scheme of Examination (B.Sc. (Hons.) Agriculture) ( )

Scheme of Examination (B.Sc. (Hons.) Agriculture) ( ) Scheme of Examination (B.Sc. (Hons.) Agriculture) (2016-2020) 20 Marks (Internal) + 80 marks (External) 20% Internal Examination 20 Marks (Mid term examination/internal assessment) 1). Internal theory

More information

Classification in General

Classification in General Classification in General Domains Carl Woese-1980s Based upon modern techniques Sequence of rrna in ribosomes trna Plasma membrane lipid structure Sensitivity to antibiotics Three cell types based upon

More information

Applied Entomology andparasitology

Applied Entomology andparasitology Applied Entomology andparasitology Course constructor : Dr. Reem Alajmi 511 Zoo Definition of Applied Entomology Applied entomology is the study of insects that have huge impact on agriculture, forestry,

More information

4/5/15. Myriopods: myriad of legs. Myriapods and Insects CH 14 Subphylum Mandibulata. More on Myriapods:

4/5/15. Myriopods: myriad of legs. Myriapods and Insects CH 14 Subphylum Mandibulata. More on Myriapods: Myriopods: myriad of legs Myriapods and Insects CH 14 Subphylum Mandibulata (continued from Crustacea) Centipedes (Chilopoda) Millipedes (Diplopoda) Similar to insects in many ways: --Uniramous appendages,

More information

Insect Biology and Management Resource Manual. Michael J. Brewer 1

Insect Biology and Management Resource Manual. Michael J. Brewer 1 Insect Biology and Management Resource Manual Michael J. Brewer 1 1 Assistant Professor/Extension Entomologist in the Department of Plant, Soil, and Insect Sciences, College of Agriculture, University

More information

Characteriza*on and quan*fica*on of communi*es

Characteriza*on and quan*fica*on of communi*es Characteriza*on and quan*fica*on of communi*es Species Richness Species richness & evenness: The Shannon-Wiener index More accurately captures diversity within a community. Takes into account relative

More information

What Bugs you? An Educator s Guide to the Program

What Bugs you? An Educator s Guide to the Program What Bugs you? An Educator s Guide to the Program GRADES: 3-6 PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: This program explores one of the largest groups of arthropods, the insects. At the completion of this program students

More information

Classification Life History & Ecology Distribution. Major Families Fact File Hot Links

Classification Life History & Ecology Distribution. Major Families Fact File Hot Links DERMAPTERA Earwigs The name Dermaptera, derived from the Greek "derma" meaning skin and "ptera" meaning wings, refers to the thickened forewings that cover and protect the hind wings. Classification Life

More information

Blank paper & clip boards or nature journals Pencils Bug jars/bug boxes & Insect ID sheets/field guides

Blank paper & clip boards or nature journals Pencils Bug jars/bug boxes & Insect ID sheets/field guides LESSON: Catch and Release Insects GRADE: 5 th TIME: 45 min. SUMMARY: A field leader uses introduce students to the definition of insects and different insect groups. Afterwards, students work in groups

More information

Introduction to Entomology

Introduction to Entomology EXTENSION Know how. Know now. EC1588 Introduction to Entomology James A. Kalisch, Entomology Extension Associate Ivy Orellana, Extension Assistant Extension is a Division of the Institute of Agriculture

More information

Insects, spiders, mites, etc. are among the oldest and most

Insects, spiders, mites, etc. are among the oldest and most ENT-68 Insects Kentucky Master Gardener Manual Chapter 8 By Lee Townsend, extension entomologist, University of Kentucky. University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Food and Environment Cooperative

More information

For More Information. What is a pest. What you will learn. Is This a Pest? Classification of Japanese Beetle

For More Information. What is a pest. What you will learn. Is This a Pest? Classification of Japanese Beetle For More Information Master Gardeners: Managing Insects, Mites and Other Arthropods Purdue University Many of the Purdue Extension publications mentioned during this class are available in your green Master

More information

Welcome to the first unit in ENY 3005/5006, the Principles of Entomology!

Welcome to the first unit in ENY 3005/5006, the Principles of Entomology! Arthropod Classification Welcome Welcome to the first unit in ENY 3005/5006, the Principles of Entomology! During this unit you will learn what an insect really is. Surprisingly, most people really don't

More information

Mollusks. Use Target Reading Skills. b. invertebrate c. segmented body d. unsegmented body

Mollusks. Use Target Reading Skills. b. invertebrate c. segmented body d. unsegmented body Name Date Class Mollusks This section descnbes the features of mollusks aud identifies three mapr groups of mollusks. Use Target Reading Skills As vou read, compare and contrast the three groups of mollusks

More information

Life Science 7 th NOTES: Ch Animals Invertebrates

Life Science 7 th NOTES: Ch Animals Invertebrates Life Science 7 th NOTES: Ch 10-11 Animals Invertebrates Write the correct word in the blanks to show directions on an animal body: ** Word Bank (Posterior, Ventral, Dorsal, Anterior) top surface front

More information

An Introduction to Natural Enemies for Biological Control of Pest Insects

An Introduction to Natural Enemies for Biological Control of Pest Insects An Introduction to Natural Enemies for Biological Control of Pest Insects Anna Fiedler, Doug Landis, Rufus Isaacs, Julianna Tuell Dept. of Entomology, Michigan State University Biological control Use of

More information

4-H Insect Identification Study Guide for Senior 4-H ers

4-H Insect Identification Study Guide for Senior 4-H ers 4-H Insect Identification Study Guide for Senior 4-H ers Insects are our most abundant form of wildlife. There are more species of insects than there are species of all other animals and plants combined!

More information

Ode-to-nata (Aeshna canadensis) productions presents

Ode-to-nata (Aeshna canadensis) productions presents Ode-to-nata (Aeshna canadensis) productions presents Taxonomy and Anatomy of Apis millefera What s in a (Latin)name? Apis= bee Melli= honey Ferre= to bear honey bearing bee A quick overview of classification.

More information

Dr.Mahesha H B, Yuvaraja s College, University of Mysore, Mysuru.

Dr.Mahesha H B, Yuvaraja s College, University of Mysore, Mysuru. Classification of sericigenous insects, characteristic features of the order Lepidoptera and the detailed study of the families Bombycidae and Saturnidae. Dr.Mahesha H B, Yuvaraja s College, University

More information

Using Digital Macrophotography to Record Insect Life Cycles *adapted from Kentucky 4-H Publication by Blake Newton, Extension Entomologist

Using Digital Macrophotography to Record Insect Life Cycles *adapted from Kentucky 4-H Publication by Blake Newton, Extension Entomologist Using Digital Macrophotography to Record Insect Life Cycles *adapted from Kentucky 4-H Publication by Blake Newton, Extension Entomologist INTRODUCTION Macrophotography Macrophotography refers to the use

More information

Arthropods: sowbugs, millipedes, centipedes, scorpions, spiders, mites, ticks, crabs, lobsters, shrimp and insects.

Arthropods: sowbugs, millipedes, centipedes, scorpions, spiders, mites, ticks, crabs, lobsters, shrimp and insects. Basic Entomology Insects: Arthropoda: largest phylum in animal kingdom Arthropoda: joint-footed Class Insecta Crustacea, Archinida More numerous than any other group Major groups have coevolved with flowering

More information

Musk thistle and Canada thistle

Musk thistle and Canada thistle Musk thistle and Canada thistle Musk thistle, Carduus nutans Identification & origins Eurasian origin Sometimes called the nodding thistle : long slender stems bear heavy flowers Flowers are broader at

More information

Characteristics and Classification of Living Organism (IGCSE Biology Syllabus )

Characteristics and Classification of Living Organism (IGCSE Biology Syllabus ) Characteristics and Classification of Living Organism (IGCSE Biology Syllabus 2016-2018) Characteristics of Living Organisms o Movement o Respiration o Sensitivity o Growth o Reproduction o Excretion o

More information

Volunteer-based Stream. Macroinvertebrates. Paul Steen Watershed Ecologist Huron River Watershed Council

Volunteer-based Stream. Macroinvertebrates. Paul Steen Watershed Ecologist Huron River Watershed Council Volunteer-based Stream Monitoring- Aquatic Macroinvertebrates Paul Steen Watershed Ecologist Huron River Watershed Council Aquatic Insects are Diverse and Interesting! 3 Reasons to love aquatic bugs 1.

More information

Activity: Build a Bug

Activity: Build a Bug Activity: Build a Bug Grade Level: 3 rd -5 th grade Time required: 20 minutes for preparation; 1 hour for activity Subjects covered: Life sciences, Adaptations, and Insects Skills covered: Observation,

More information

Name Class Date. After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions:

Name Class Date. After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: CHAPTER 14 3 Invertebrates SECTION Introduction to Animals BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What structures and systems perform basic life functions

More information

Insects and Human Society

Insects and Human Society Insects and Human Society Lecture 3: Insect Anatomy External Morphology Insects are heterotrophic invertebrates w/ an articulated exoskeleton and 6-legged adults Living organisms Kingdom: Animalia Phylum:

More information

Whitney Cranshaw Colorado State University

Whitney Cranshaw Colorado State University Natural and Biological Controls of Shade Tree Insect Pests Whitney Cranshaw Colorado State University Natural Controls Natural Enemies Abiotic (Weather) Controls Topographic Limitations Temperature Extremes

More information

ARTHROPOD ADVENTURE ASSIGNMENT FOR GROUP LEADER A FEW WEEKS PRIOR TO TRIP:

ARTHROPOD ADVENTURE ASSIGNMENT FOR GROUP LEADER A FEW WEEKS PRIOR TO TRIP: ARTHROPOD ADVENTURE ACTIVITY: After a brief review of arthropods...including anatomy, types of arthropods, and types of metamorphosis, the group takes a short walk in the desert discovering arthropods

More information

Unit 3 Insect Orders

Unit 3 Insect Orders Unit 3 Insect Orders General Directions: 1. To complete this study guide, please read the assigned readings for Unit 3 and watch the lecture. If you need additional information to complete this study guide,

More information

HOW TO RECOGNIZE AN INSECT?

HOW TO RECOGNIZE AN INSECT? HOW TO RECOGNIZE AN INSECT? EXPERIMENT OBJECTIVES AND CONTENT In this activity, students use their observational skills to discover the characteristics of insects. ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE Matter: Organization

More information

Week Eleven Notes (11/1-11/5)

Week Eleven Notes (11/1-11/5) Week Eleven Notes (11/1-11/5) November 11, 2004 Class Insecta: Subclass Apterygota w/o wings collembola, silverfish etc.. Furculum springs the spring tail into the air with amazing agility. Subclass Pterygota

More information

University of Kentucky Department of Entomology Insects in the Classroom: Lesson Plan No. 105

University of Kentucky Department of Entomology Insects in the Classroom: Lesson Plan No. 105 University of Kentucky Department of Entomology Insects in the Classroom: Lesson Plan No. 105 BENEFICIAL BUG SCAVENGER HUNT Prepared by Blake Newton, Extension Specialist Developed from an activity designed

More information

Diversity of Organisms and Classification

Diversity of Organisms and Classification Diversity of Organisms and Classification Essential Vocabulary DNA Prokaryotic: : a cell that lacks a nucleus. Eukaryotic: : a cell that has a nucleus and other complex structures Feeding Autotrophic:

More information

ROOT COMMUNITY BACKGROUND

ROOT COMMUNITY BACKGROUND ROOT COMMUNITY Overview Students will use hand lenses to search for and identify soil invertebrates in soil samples with and without perennial roots. Objectives: Observe and identify diverse soil invertebrates

More information

Lesson Plan: Vectors and Venn Diagrams

Lesson Plan: Vectors and Venn Diagrams Prep Time: Minimal Lesson Plan: Vectors and Venn Diagrams Age Level: Can be modified for any grade Materials Needed: Blank Venn diagrams can be printed for students to complete (included in this document),

More information

Basic Entomology. Chapter 6. Bob Polomski and Eric Benson, Ph.D.

Basic Entomology. Chapter 6. Bob Polomski and Eric Benson, Ph.D. Chapter 6 Basic Entomology Bob Polomski and Eric Benson, Ph.D. Learning Objectives Be familiar with the standard classification system (from phyla to species and common names) Know the basic form and structure

More information

One Hundred Common Insects of New Mexico

One Hundred Common Insects of New Mexico One Hundred Common Insects of New Mexico Cooperative Extension Service Circular 570 College of Agriculture and Home Economics CONTENTS Introduction...1 Insect Identification List for Reference...2 Class

More information

Entomology Basics Chris Becker Regional Extension Agent Alabama Cooperative Extension System

Entomology Basics Chris Becker Regional Extension Agent Alabama Cooperative Extension System www.anilrana13014.weebly.com www.k8449r.weebly.com Entomology Basics Chris Becker Regional Extension Agent Alabama Cooperative Extension System Table of Contents Fun Facts Introduction to Insects Growth

More information

Objectives. Teaching Basic Entomology. My questions for you. Anatomy of an insect 2/27/15

Objectives. Teaching Basic Entomology. My questions for you. Anatomy of an insect 2/27/15 Objectives GARDEN INSECT PESTS: HOW STUDENTS CAN ENGAGE IN INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT Introduction to entomology Provide examples of activities and exercises you can use in the classroom (k-8) Common insects

More information

What is my name? How to group living organism?? SERIES OF SETS TAXONOMY. Why we need to identify & group organism??

What is my name? How to group living organism?? SERIES OF SETS TAXONOMY. Why we need to identify & group organism?? What is my name? Why we need to identify & group organism?? Dr. Lau Wei Hong Department of Plant Protection Faculty of Agriculture UPM Grouping allows us to make prediction. How to group living organism??

More information

Title of the Experiment: Identify the types of insect pests and their damage (Activity number of the GCE Advanced Level practical Guide - 35)

Title of the Experiment: Identify the types of insect pests and their damage (Activity number of the GCE Advanced Level practical Guide - 35) Lesson 22 Title of the Experiment: Identify the types of insect pests and their damage (Activity number of the GCE Advanced Level practical Guide - 35) Name and affiliation of the authors: Professor (Ms)

More information

4-H Entomology Manual

4-H Entomology Manual 4-H Entomology Manual Table of Contents Introduction... 3 Insects and Their Relatives... 4 How Insects Grow and Develop (Metamorphosis)... 8 How Insects Feed Mouthparts... 9 Other Important Features Wings

More information

Common Beneficial Insects. Photo credit: Thelma Heidel-Baker

Common Beneficial Insects. Photo credit: Thelma Heidel-Baker Common Beneficial Insects Photo credit: Thelma Heidel-Baker Beneficial Insect Diets: Food for Natural Enemies Prey on and consume other insects Many beneficial insects rely on pollen or nectar at specific

More information

SOBA Bee School April, 2015

SOBA Bee School April, 2015 SOBA Bee School April, 2015 Bee Girl - University of Montana, Missoula - Iridovirus and Microsporidian Linked to CCD - Sonagraphic analysis of hive health - Pesticide effects - Bomb sniffing bees - OLLI

More information

Study Materials for 4-H Entomology

Study Materials for 4-H Entomology 1 Study Materials for 4-H Entomology Updated August 2018 TABLE OF CONTENTS I. Introduction 2 II. Structure of Arthropods 3 III. Metamorphosis 6 IV. Classification 7 V. Insect and Arachnid Orders 7 VI.

More information

Hokie Bugfest (October 17, 2015)

Hokie Bugfest (October 17, 2015) Hokie Bugfest (October 17, 2015) It s time to get collecting!! Start an insect collection and have it judged at the Hokie Bugfest on October 17. The Bugfest will be held from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. at the Inn

More information

FACTORS FOR INSECTS ABUNDANCE. 1. More number of species: In the animal kingdom more than 85 per cent of the species

FACTORS FOR INSECTS ABUNDANCE. 1. More number of species: In the animal kingdom more than 85 per cent of the species FACTORS FOR INSECTS ABUNDANCE Measures of dominance 1. More number of species: In the animal kingdom more than 85 per cent of the species belongs to insect group. Total number of insects described so far

More information

Joe Napolitano Suffolk County Community College Eastern Campus Math and Science Department

Joe Napolitano Suffolk County Community College Eastern Campus Math and Science Department Getting to Know the Neighbors: Commonly Encountered Wasps in Suburban Settings Joe Napolitano Suffolk County Community College Eastern Campus Math and Science Department University of Sydney Species Scape

More information

Black grass bug adult Nabids Twice-stabbed stink bug Other bugs

Black grass bug adult Nabids Twice-stabbed stink bug Other bugs 214 Alfalfa Survey data summary Alfalfa survey data summary 214 Methods: From 148 fields in Alberta, 3 alfalfa stems were collected and mines from leaf miners were counted and photographed. The stem length

More information

Hokie BugFest (October 20, 2018)

Hokie BugFest (October 20, 2018) Hokie BugFest (October 20, 2018) It s time to get collecting!! Start an insect collection and have it judged at the Hokie BugFest on October 20 th. The BugFest will be held from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. at the

More information

Main arthropod clades (Regier et al 2010)

Main arthropod clades (Regier et al 2010) Main arthropod clades (Regier et al 2010) Trilobita Chelicerata Mandibulata Myriapoda (Chilopoda, Diplopoda) Pancrustacea Oligostraca (Ostracoda, Branchiura) Altocrustacea Vericrustacea» (Branchiopoda,

More information

Living Laboratory. Phacelia flowers Praying mantis Mealyworms Cockroaches Slugs Worms Wee beasties (Paramecium)

Living Laboratory. Phacelia flowers Praying mantis Mealyworms Cockroaches Slugs Worms Wee beasties (Paramecium) Living Laboratory Phacelia flowers Praying mantis Mealyworms Cockroaches Slugs Worms Wee beasties (Paramecium) Phacelia flowers grow in the spring in the classroom and plant out in summer Purpose: provides

More information

Kansas State University Department of Entomology Newsletter

Kansas State University Department of Entomology Newsletter Kansas State University Department of Entomology Newsletter For Agribusinesses, Applicators, Consultants, Extension Personnel & Homeowners Department of Entomology 123 West Waters Hall K-State Research

More information

GHS BIOLOGY P553/1 April 2010 Time hours S 2 EOT 1. Attempt all the questions in section A and B in the spaces provided

GHS BIOLOGY P553/1 April 2010 Time hours S 2 EOT 1. Attempt all the questions in section A and B in the spaces provided GHS BIOLOGY P553/1 April 2010 Time 1. 30 hours S 2 EOT 1 INSTRUCTIONS Attempt all the questions in section A and B in the spaces provided Answers to section A 1 7 13 19 25 2 8 14 20 26 3 9 15 21 27 4 10

More information

Glossary of Terms Abdomen Adaptation Antenna Aquatic Arthropods Bore Borer Buffer Cambium Camouflage Canopy Chamber Characteristic

Glossary of Terms Abdomen Adaptation Antenna Aquatic Arthropods Bore Borer Buffer Cambium Camouflage Canopy Chamber Characteristic Glossary of Terms Abdomen - The part of an animal s body that contains the digestive system and the organs of reproduction. In insects and spiders, the abdomen makes up the rear of the body. Adaptation

More information

Insect Life Cycle Sort: Complete and Incomplete Metamorphosis

Insect Life Cycle Sort: Complete and Incomplete Metamorphosis Insect Life Cycle Sort: Complete and Incomplete Metamorphosis Suggestions for Using This Product BACKGROUND INFORMATION This set was carefully prepared to represent life cycles in a variety of ways. A

More information

Forty. Annelids. The. group of in humid. elongate, worm-like. bodies with

Forty. Annelids. The. group of in humid. elongate, worm-like. bodies with WEEK 2: INSECT MACROEVOLUTION Forty million years ago some insects were trapped in tree resin and preserved in what became amber. These trapped insects look almost exactly the same as insects around us

More information

Section 1. Introduction to the Arthropods COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL

Section 1. Introduction to the Arthropods COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL Section 1 Introduction to the Arthropods COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL Chapter 1 Insects and Their Relatives Insects are invertebrate animals within the class Insecta and the phylum Arthropoda of the kingdom Animalia.

More information