ARCHAEBACTERIA. EUBACTERIA. PROTISTS. FUNGI. PLANTS. ANIMALS

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1 THE KINGDOMS

2 ARCHAEBACTERIA. EUBACTERIA. PROTISTS. FUNGI. PLANTS. ANIMALS

3 ARCHAEBACTERIA.. Archeabacteria are found in extreme environments, such as hot boiling water, and thermal vents under conditions with no oxygen, or highly acid environments. In 1983, scientists had found a spot deep in the pacific ocean where hot gases and molten rock boiled into the ocean that forms the Earth's interior. They found out one unicellular(one cell) organisms. These organisms are today classified in the kingdom, ARCHEABACTERIA.

4 In the hot springs of YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK, USA, was the among the first places were archaebacteria were discovered. ( the biologist picture on the bottom) are immersing microscope slides in the boiling pool onto which some archaebacteria might be captured for a study. archaebacteria can also be found in brine marine environments.

5 EUBACTERIA Eubacteria are the ones people are familiar the most with, and they mostly single celled. Eubacteria are mostly classified in their own kingdom because their chemical makeup is different. Most Eubacteria are helpful. Some produce vitamins and foods like yogurt. However, these Eubacteria, streptococci picture(on the left) can give you strep throat.

6 Eubacteria are usually divided into five phylums: 1.) Spirochetes, 2.) Chlamydias, 3.) Gram-positive, 4.) Cyanobacteria, 5.) Proteobacteria. Eubacteria are mostly found in extreme environments near volcanic activity and dangerous stuff like that, and they don't really need much oxygen, or light.

7 Protists are aquatic living in fresh water, and saltwater. There are some other protist that live on land, but are found in moist terrestrial environments. PROTISTS... These delicate looking diatoms( on the bottom ) are classified in the protists kingdom. Most protist are one-celled, but some have many cells, other cells have a membrane around the nucleus, and some get nutrients, and energy by eating other organisms. Some get energy from the sun, and nutrients from the water near them, others reproduce by splitting in two. Ex: paramecium, Amoeba, and kelp.

8 ( the picture on the left ) is a plant like protists, and the green substances in their cells enable them to make food by photosynthesis. The usually produce and release oxygen like other plants. It is believed to be the most supply of oxygen on Earth. The plant like protists are the major food source and primary producers for water organisms. The Red Algae are protists that live in a very deep water where not a lot of light penetrates, and is used in Asia as a food source.

9 FUNGI... Fungi can be found in rising bread, moldy bread, and old food in the refrigerator, and on forest floors, and sometimes it appears on some damage crops and plants. Mushrooms, mold and mildew are all examples of organisms in the kingdom (fungi). Most fungi are multicellular, and consists of many complex cells. Fungi are organisms that biologist once confused with plants, however, unlike plants, fungi cannot make their own food. Most obtain their food from parts of plants that are decaying in the soil.

10 Fungi use antibiotics to fend off other microorganisms that compete with them for food. According to archaeologists, people have been consuming the products of fungal fermentation ( beer and wine ) for at least 25,000 years. Red squirrels gather, and store dried fungi in trees and eat them in the winter season.????????? Did you know?????? Fungi usually grow best in environments that are slightly acidic. They can grow on substances with very low moisture. Fungi live in the soil, your body, your house on plants, animals, freshwater, and saltwater.?????????

11 PLANTS ( OR PLANTAE )... Depending on the plant type they can be found in a lot of different places, but they will always be found naturally in those parts that are normally exposed to light. The cells located on the leaves upper or exposed surfaces are most common. Their cell walls are made sturdy by a material called cellulose, and they're fixed in a single place (they don't move). Plants have chlorophyll, a green pigment necessary for photosynthesis.

12 Organisms: Mosses, angiosperm( flowering plants ), gymnosperms. Photosynthesis. Nutrition Acquisition: Reproduction: Some species reproduce asexually by mitosis. Other species exhibit sexual reproduction. Mosses are non-vascular plants. They are an important foundation plant for the forest ecosystem and they help prevent erosion by carpeting the forest floor. All bryophyte species reproduce by spores (not seeds), and never have flowers, and are found growing on the ground, on rocks, and on other plants.

13 ANIMAL... Members of the animal kingdom are found in the most diverse environments in the world. All animals consist of many complex cells. They are also heterotrophs. The animal kingdom is the largest kingdom with over 1 million know species.

14 Some animals, such as jellyfish, have a relative simple structure. They have no skeleton, few muscles, and their movements is uncoordinated. They drift with ocean currents. Jellyfish are referred to as invertebrates because, like 98% of animals have no backbone. Animals with backbones, like these zebras (on the left) are commonly referred to as vertebrates. Mammals, birds, fish, amphibians, and reptiles are all vertebrates. Zebras belong to the mammal order. Mammals, which also include humans, are the most complex animals in the animal kingdom THAT Did you know??? Every animal species has a unique latin name. The first word is the genus name, which is shared with closely related animals. The second word is the specific name, which, together with the genus, is unique to a particular species.

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