Biology Pacing Guide

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1 Unit Dates Glencoe Chapters 0 8/10 N/A Biology Intro 8/12 1 Cells 8/15 9/ Topic GPS Classroom Procedures, Introduction to Biology SCSh 1-7 Macromolecules (6 days) Monomer/ Polymer Carbohydrate Lipid Nucleic Acid Protein Enzymes (4 days) Chemical Reactions Enzymes as catalysts Lock and Key Substrates Characteristics of enzymes Prokaryote vs. Eukaryote (1 day) Viruses (1 day) Viral Characteristics Cell Structure & Function (9 days) Nucleus Mitochondria Endoplasmic Reticulum (Rough and Smooth) Golgi Apparatus Ribosome Lysosome Chloroplast Vacuole Cell Wall Cilia/Flagella Centriole Cytoskeleton Plasma Membrane Cytoplasm Transportation/Homeostasis (6 days) Polarity Cell Membrane Structure 1C. Identify the function of the four major macromolecules (carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, nucleic acids). 1B. Explain how enzymes function as catalysts. 1A. Explain the role of cell organelles for both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, including the cell membrane, in maintaining homeostasis and cell reproduction. 3D. Compare and contrast viruses with living organisms. 1D. Explain the impact of water on life processes (i.e., osmosis, diffusion).

2 2 Genetics 10/3 10/ Passive and Active Transport Photosynthesis & Respiration (4 days) ATP-ADP Cycle Photosynthesis Equation Light Dependent Reactions Light Independent Reactions Cell Respiration Equation Aerobic vs Anaerobic Reaction Fermentation Lactic Acid Alcohol Structure of DNA (2 days) DNA Replication (3 days) Semi-conservative replication Unwinding: Helicase Base pairing: DNA Polymerase Bonding: Ligase DNA vs. RNA (1 day) Protein Synthesis (4 days) Transcription Translation Cellular Growth (2 days) Cell Size Cycle Cancer cells Asexual (2 days) Binary Fission Budding Vegetative Propagation Mitosis o Cytokinesis Sexual (2 days) Pollination Fertilization 3A. Explain the cycling of energy through the processes of photosynthesis and respiration. 2A. Distinguish between DNA and RNA. 2B. Explain the role of DNA in storing and transmitting cellular information. 2E. Compare the advantages of sexual reproduction and asexual reproduction in different situations.

3 2 Genetics 10/31 11/7 11/9 11/18 11/28 12/ Conjugation Meiosis Asexual vs. Sexual Reproduction (1 day) Mitosis vs. Meiosis Genetic Variability Advantages Disadvantages Genetics Basics (1 day) Mendel s pea plant o Law of Segregation o Law of Independent Assortment o Law of Dominance Vocabulary Monohybrid crosses (5 days) Dihybrids (2 days) Gamete Formation Allelic Combination Phenotypic/Genotypic Outcome Complex Patterns of Inheritance (5 days) Codominance and Incomplete Dominance Multiple Alleles Sex-linked Traits Pedigrees Chromosomal Mutations (2 days) Trisomy Monosomy Karyotypes Mutations (2 days) Mutagens Substitution Deletion Insertion DNA Technology (6 days) Cloning DNA Fingerprinting Genetically Modified Organisms Bioethics (Gene Therapy, 2C. Using Mendel s laws, explain the role of meiosis in reproductive variability. 2D. Describe the relationships between changes in DNA and potential appearance of new traits including Alterations during replication. Insertions Deletions Substitutions Mutagenic factors that can alter DNA. High energy radiation (x-rays and ultraviolet) Chemical 2F. Examine the use of DNA technology in forensics, medicine, and agriculture.

4 Transgenic Organisms) 12/14 12/20 3 Organisms 4 Evolution 1/4 1/24 1/25 2/17 Catch-up Days History of Classification (3 days) Aristotle/Linnaeus Taxonomy Cladograms Domains and 6 Kingdoms (6 days) Distinguishing Characteristics of each Domain and Kingdom Viruses (1 day) Basic Structure Reproductive Cycles History of Evolution (2 days) Aristotle LaMarck Darwin Lytic and Lysogenic And others such as: Malthus Hutton Lyell Evidence of Evolution (5 days) Fossils Dating Methods Biochemistry Embryology Anatomy Cladograms Natural Selection (5 days) Requirements Types Genetic Variation Overproduction Reproductive Advantage Heritability Stabilizing Selection Directional Selection 3C. Examine the evolutionary basis of modern classification systems. 3B. Compare how structures and function vary between the six kingdoms (archaebacteria, eubacteria, protists, fungi, plants, and animals). 3D. Compare and contrast viruses with living organisms. 5A. Trace the history of the theory. 5C. Explain how fossil and biochemical evidence support the theory. 5D. Relate natural selection to changes in organisms

5 5 Ecology 2/22 3/ & Disruptive Selection Sexual Selection Biodiversity, Ancestry, & Rates of Evolution (2 days) Speciation Convergent Evolution Divergent/Adaptive Radiation Gradualism Punctuated Equilibrium Biological Resistance (2 days) Pesticide Resistance Antibiotic Resistance Organisms and Their Relationships (3 days) Levels of Organization Terrestrial and Aquatic Biomes and Ecosystems General Characteristics Community Interactions Predation Symbiotic Relationships Competition Flow of Matter & Energy (6 days) Food Chain/Web Ecological Pyramids Nutrient Cycles Ecological Succession (2 days) Land and Aquatic Primary Succession Secondary Succession Population Dynamics (2 days) Features of a Population Size Density Dispersion Growth Limiting Factors Immigration 5B. Explain the history of life in terms of biodiversity, ancestry, and the rates of evolution. 5E. Recognize the role of evolution to biological resistance (pesticide and antibiotic resistance). 4A. Investigate the relationships among organisms, populations, communities, ecosystems, and biomes. 4B. Explain the flow of matter and energy through ecosystems by Arranging components of a food chain according to energy flow. Comparing the quantity of energy in the steps of an energy pyramid. Explaining the need for cycling of major nutrients (C, O, H, N, P). 4C. Relate environmental conditions to successional changes in ecosystems. 4D. Assess and explain human activities that influence and modify the environment such as global warming, population growth, pesticide use, and water and power consumption.

6 4/10 5/12 5/15 5/19 5/22 5/ & Review & EOC Emigration Carrying Capacity Exponential vs. Logistic Age Structure Conserving Biodiversity (2 days) Natural Resources Biodiversity Threats to Biodiversity General Plant Adaptations (2 days) Vascular Tissue Xylem and Phloem Flowers and Cones Seed Dispersion Dormancy Specialized Structures Hormones and Tropism (3 days) Animal Adaptations Behaviors Specialized Structures End of Year Activities and Review for Final Exam Final Exams 4E. Relate plant adaptations, including tropisms, to the ability to survive stressful environmental conditions. 4F. Relate animal adaptations, including behaviors, to the ability to survive stressful environmental conditions.

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