1. The Chemistry of Life Chapter 3 Central Concept: Chemical elements form organic molecules that interact to perform the basic functions of life.

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "1. The Chemistry of Life Chapter 3 Central Concept: Chemical elements form organic molecules that interact to perform the basic functions of life."

Transcription

1 Biology High School Standards Review Worksheet 1. The Chemistry of Life Chapter 3 Central Concept: Chemical elements form organic molecules that interact to perform the basic functions of life. 1.1 Recognize that biological organisms are composed primarily of very few elements. The six most common are C, H, N, O, P, and S. Text: 3.3 Carbon Compounds 1.2 Describe the basic molecular structures and primary functions of the four major categories of organic molecules (carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids). Text: 3.3 Carbon Compounds Organic Molecule Structure Function Carbohydrate Lipid Protein Nucleic Acid 1.3 Explain the role of enzymes as catalysts that lower the activation energy of biochemical reactions. Identify factors, such as ph and temperature that have an effect on enzymes. Text: 3.4 Energy and Metabolism a. What is a catalyst? b. How do enzymes (as catalysts) lower the activation energy of biochemical reactions? c. What effects do changes in ph and temperature have on the action of an enzyme?

2 2. Cell Biology Chapters 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 18, & 20 Central Concepts: Cells have specific structures and functions that make them distinctive. Processes in a cell can be classified broadly as growth, maintenance, and reproduction. 2.1 Relate cell parts/organelles (plasma membrane, nuclear envelope, nucleus, nucleolus, cytoplasm, mitochondrion, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, lysosome, ribosome, vacuole, cell wall, chloroplast, cytoskeleton, centriole, cilium, flagellum, pseudopod) to their functions. Explain the role of cell membranes as a highly selective barrier (diffusion, osmosis, facilitated diffusion, active transport). Text: 7.2 Inside the Eukaryotic Cell 8.1 Cell Membrane 8.2 Cell Transport Organelle Function Location Animal/ Plant/ Bacteria/, etc. Plasma Membrane Nuclear Envelope Nucleus Nucleolus Cytoplasm Mitochondria Endoplasmic Reticulum Golgi Apparatus

3 Lysosome Ribosome Vacuole Cell Wall Chloroplast Cytoskeleton Centriole Cilium Flagellum Pseudopod

4 What type of cells have a cell membrane? What is the function of the cell membrane? Transport across cell membrane Diffusion Definition What is unique about it? Osmosis Facilitated Diffusion Active Transport 2.2 Compare and contrast, at the cellular level, the general structures and degrees of complexity of prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Text: 7.3 From Cell to Organism Prokaryotes Eukaryotes

5 2.3 Use cellular evidence (e.g., cell structure, cell number, cell reproduction) and modes of nutrition to describe the six kingdoms (Archaebacteria, Eubacteria, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia). Text: 18.3 Kingdoms and Domains Figure 10 pg 434 Domain Bacteria Archaea Eukarya Kingdom Eubacteria Archaebacteria Protista Fungi Plantae Animalia Example Cell Type Cell Walls Number of Cells Nutrition 2.4 Identify the reactants, products, and basic purposes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration. Explain the interrelated nature of photosynthesis and cellular respiration in the cells of photosynthetic organisms. Text: 9.1 Energy in Living Systems Figure 2 pg Photosynthesis 9.3 Cellular Respiration Fill in the circles from figure 2 on page 199 Light Energy ATP products Chloroplast: Mitochondrion: products

6 Photosynthesis: A. Write out the net equation of photosynthesis: _ Draw a circle around the reactants Draw a square around the products B. What is the purpose of photosynthesis? Cellular Respiration A. Write out the net equation of cellular respiration (aerobic): Draw a circle around the reactants Draw a square around the products B. What is the purpose of cellular respiration? 2.5 Explain the important role that ATP serves in metabolism. Text: 9.1 Energy in Living Systems A. Explain the important role that ATP serves in metabolism 2.6 Describe the cell cycle and the process of mitosis. Explain the role of mitosis in the formation of new cells, and its importance in maintaining chromosome number during asexual reproduction. Text: 10.1 Cell Reproduction 10.2 Mitosis A. What happens in each stage of the cell cycle? 1. Interphase: a. G1 b. S c. G2

7 2. Cell Division a. Mitosis b. Cytokinesis B. What happens in each stage of mitosis? Draw a diagram of the cell during each stage. 1. Prophase _ 2. Metaphase 3. Anaphase 4. Telophase

8 C. What role does mitosis play in the formation of new cells and why is it important in maintaining chromosome number during asexual reproduction? 2.7 Describe how the process of meiosis results in the formation of haploid cells. Explain the importance of this process in sexual reproduction, and how gametes form diploid zygotes in the process of fertilization. Text: 11.1 Reproduction 11.2 Meiosis A. How does meiosis produce haploid cells rather than the diploid cells produced by mitosis? B. Why are haploid cells important to sexual reproduction? C. Define gamete: D. Define zygote: E. Describe what happens during each stage of meiosis and draw a picture of the cell at that stage. 1. Prophase I _ 2. Metaphase I

9 3. Anaphase I 4. Telophase I 5. Prophase II _ 6. Metaphase II 7. Anaphase II

10 8. Telophase II 2.8 Compare and contrast a virus and a cell in terms of genetic material and reproduction. Text: 20.2 Viruses Virus Cell

11 3. Genetics Chapters 12, 13, & 14 Central Concepts: Genes allow for the storage and transmission of genetic information. They are a set of instructions encoded in the nucleotide sequence of each organism. Genes code for the specific sequences of amino acids that comprise the proteins characteristic to that organism. 3.1 Describe the basic structure (double helix, sugar/phosphate backbone, linked by complementary nucleotide pairs) of DNA, and describe its function in genetic inheritance. Text: 13.1 the Structure of DNA A. Draw a simple picture of DNA and label the sugars, phosphates, and bases. Fig 4 pg 296 B. List the two complementary pairs of nucleotide bases in DNA and how many hydrogen bonds connect them. pairs with and they are connected by Hydrogen bonds. pairs with and they are connected by Hydrogen bonds. C. What role does DNA play in genetic inheritance?

12 3.2 Describe the basic process of DNA replication and how it relates to the transmission and conservation of the genetic code. Explain the basic processes of transcription and translation, and how they result in the expression of genes. Distinguish among the end products of replication, transcription, and translation. Text: 13.2 Replication of DNA 13.3 RNA and Gene Expression A. Describe the three steps of DNA replication. Step1: Step 2: Step 3: B. How does DNA replication maintain the genetic code? C. Describe the three steps of Transcription. Step 1: Step 2: Step 3:

13 D. How does transcription differ from replication? E. Describe the five steps of Translation. Step 1: Step 2: Step 3: Step 4: Step 5: F. Fill in the table below Process Starts with Ends with Where does it occur in the cell Replication Transcription Translation G. How is a gene used in replication, transcription and translation?

14 3.3 Explain how mutations in the DNA sequence of a gene may or may not result in phenotypic change in an organism. Explain how mutations in gametes may result in phenotypic changes in offspring. Text: 14.1 Mutation and Genetic Change A. Define each of the following. Point Mutation: Insertion/ Deletion: Silent Mutation: Missense Mutation: Frameshift Mutation: Nonsense Mutation: B. Which of the above mutations cause a phenotypic change in an organism? (due to changes in amino acids) 3.4 Distinguish among observed inheritance patterns caused by several types of genetic traits (dominant, recessive, codominant, sex-linked, polygenic, incomplete dominance, multiple alleles). Text: 12.3 Modeling Mendel s Laws 12.4 Beyond Mendelian Heredity A. Define and give an example of each: Dominant: Recessive:

15 Codominant: Sex-linked: Polygenic: Incomplete Dominance: Multiple Alleles: 3.5 Describe how Mendel s laws of segregation and independent assortment can be observed through patterns of inheritance (e.g., dihybrid crosses). Text: 12.3 Modeling Mendel s Laws 12.4 Beyond Mendelian Heredity A. Law of Segregation: B. Law of Independent Assortment:

16 C. Complete the following dihybrid cross: BbRr x BBrr B = Brown hair b=green hair R=red eyes r=silver eyes List each genotype and phenotype obtained in the table above Genotype Phenotype

17 3.6 Use a Punnett Square to determine the probabilities for genotype and phenotype combinations in monohybrid crosses. Text: 12.3 Modeling Mendel s Laws A. Complete the following monohybrid crosses, list the genotypes and phenotypes obtained and give the percentages of each phenotype. R=red eyes r = silver eyes Rr x rr Sex-linked: X R X r x X r Y Codominance: R = Red flowers B= Blue flowers RB x RB Blood Types: I A I B x I A i

18 4. Anatomy and Physiology Chapters 34, 35, 36, 38, 39 & 11 Central Concepts: There is a relationship between the organization of cells into tissues and the organization of tissues into organs. The structures and functions of organs determine their relationships within body systems of an organism. Homeostasis allows the body to perform its normal functions. 4.1 Explain generally how the digestive system (mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestines, rectum) converts macromolecules from food into smaller molecules that can be used by cells for energy and for repair and growth. Text: 36.2 Digestion 4.2 Explain how the circulatory system (heart, arteries, veins, capillaries, red blood cells) transports nutrients and oxygen to cells and removes cell wastes. Describe how the kidneys and the liver are closely associated with the circulatory system as they perform the excretory function of removing waste from the blood. Recognize that kidneys remove nitrogenous wastes, and the liver removes many toxic compounds from blood. Text: 35.1 The Cardiovasculary System 4.3 Explain how the respiratory system (nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, lungs, alveoli) provides exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide. Text: 35.3 The Respiratory System 4.4 Explain how the nervous system (brain, spinal cord, sensory neurons, motor neurons) mediates communication among different parts of the body and mediates the body s interactions with the environment. Identify the basic unit of the nervous system, the neuron, and explain generally how it works. Text: 38.1 Structure of the Nervous System 38.2 Neurons and Nerve Impulses 38.3 Sensory Systems 4.5 Explain how the muscular/skeletal system (skeletal, smooth and cardiac muscles, bones, cartilage, ligaments, tendons) works with other systems to support the body and allow for movement. Recognize that bones produce blood cells. Text: 34.2 The Skeletal System 34.3 The Muscular System 4.6 Recognize that the sexual reproductive system allows organisms to produce offspring that receive half of their genetic information from their mother and half from their father, and that sexually produced offspring resemble, but are not identical to, either of their parents. Text: 11.1 Reproduction 11.3 Multicellular Life Cycles 4.7 Recognize that communication among cells is required for coordination of body functions. The nerves communicate with electrochemical signals, hormones circulate through the blood, and some cells produce signals to communicate only with nearby cells. Text: 39.1 Hormones 38.2 Neurons and Nerve Impulses 38.3 Sensory Systems 4.8 Recognize that the body s systems interact to maintain homeostasis. Describe the basic function of a physiological feedback loop. Text: 34.1 Body Organization

19 5. Evolution and Biodiversity Chapters 16, 17, & 18 Central Concepts: Evolution is the result of genetic changes that occur in constantly changing environments. Over many generations, changes in the genetic make-up of populations may affect biodiversity through speciation and extinction. 5.1 Explain how evolution is demonstrated by evidence from the fossil record, comparative anatomy, genetics, molecular biology, and examples of natural selection. Text: 16.2 Applying Darwin s Ideas 16.3 Beyond Darwinian Theory 5.2 Describe species as reproductively distinct groups of organisms. Recognize that species are further classified into a hierarchical taxonomic system (kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species) based on morphological, behavioral, and molecular similarities. Describe the role that geographic isolation can play in speciation. Text: 17.3 Speciation 18.2 Modern Systematics 18.3 Kingdoms and Domains 5.3 Explain how evolution through natural selection can result in changes in biodiversity through the increase or decrease of genetic diversity within a population. Text: 16.1 Genetic Variation 16.2 Genetic Change 6. Ecology Chapters 4, 5, & 6 Central Concept: Ecology is the interaction among organisms and between organisms and their environment. 6.1 Explain how birth, death, immigration, and emigration influence population size. Text: 5.1 Populations 5.2 Interactions in Communities 6.2 Analyze changes in population size and biodiversity (speciation and extinction) that result from the following: natural causes, changes in climate, human activity, and the introduction of invasive, non-native species. Text: 5.2 Interactions in Communities 6.1 An Interconnected Planet 6.2 Environmental Issues 6.3 Use a food web to identify and distinguish producers, consumers, and decomposers, and explain the transfer of energy through trophic levels. Describe how relationships among organisms (predation, parasitism, competition, commensalism, mutualism) add to the complexity of biological communities. Text: 4.2 Energy Flow in Ecosystems 6.4 Explain how water, carbon, and nitrogen cycle between abiotic resources and organic matter in an ecosystem, and how oxygen cycles through photosynthesis and respiration. Text: 4.3 Cycling of Matter

Science and Technology/Engineering

Science and Technology/Engineering Science and Technology/Engineering STRAND 2: LIFE SCIENCE (Biology) Topics Grades Pre-K 2 Topics Grades 3 5 Topics Grades 6 8 Topics High School Characteristics of Living Things Characteristics of Living

More information

Bio/Life: Cell Biology

Bio/Life: Cell Biology Bio/Life: Cell Biology 1a The fundamental life processes of plants and animals depend on a variety of chemical reactions that occur in specialized areas of the organism's cells. As a basis for understanding

More information

Name Date Block. Biology EOCT Review

Name Date Block. Biology EOCT Review Name Date Block Biology EOCT Review Section 1: Nature of Science 1. Bobby thinks that eating fish for breakfast will make people smarter. He gets 10 of his friends and divides them into 2 groups. Group

More information

Biology Fall Semester Exam Review. Unit 1: Scientific method, characteristics of life What are the characteristics of life (pg. 6)

Biology Fall Semester Exam Review. Unit 1: Scientific method, characteristics of life What are the characteristics of life (pg. 6) Biology Fall Semester Exam Review Unit 1: Scientific method, characteristics of life What are the characteristics of life (pg. 6) Define the following terms: biology observation hypothesis dependent variable

More information

Biology Mid-Term Study Guide

Biology Mid-Term Study Guide Name: Date: Chapter 1: The Science of Biology 1. List the 8 characteristics of all living things: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 2. What is biology? 3. What is homeostasis? 4. Define sexual and asexual reproduction.

More information

Biology Semester Review

Biology Semester Review Chapter 1 The Science of Biology Biology Semester Review 1 1 What is Science? One goal of science is to provide natural explanations for events in the natural world. Science also aims to use those explanations

More information

Describe the structure and composition of the cell membrane. (make a sketch) What does the Theory of Endosymbiosis state?

Describe the structure and composition of the cell membrane. (make a sketch) What does the Theory of Endosymbiosis state? Station 1. Analyze the nature of the relationships between structures and functions in living cells. a. Explain the role of cell organelles for both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, including the cell

More information

Introduction to Biology

Introduction to Biology Introduction to Biology Course Description Introduction to Biology is an introductory course in the biological sciences. Topics included are biological macromolecules, cell biology and metabolism, DNA

More information

Cell Division: the process of copying and dividing entire cells The cell grows, prepares for division, and then divides to form new daughter cells.

Cell Division: the process of copying and dividing entire cells The cell grows, prepares for division, and then divides to form new daughter cells. Mitosis & Meiosis SC.912.L.16.17 Compare and contrast mitosis and meiosis and relate to the processes of sexual and asexual reproduction and their consequences for genetic variation. 1. Students will describe

More information

Miller Levine Biology

Miller Levine Biology A Correlation of To the 2018 Mississippi College and Career-Readiness Standards for Biology A Correlation of to the Biology BIO.1 Cells as a System Conceptual Understanding: Biologists have determined

More information

2. Draw two water molecules. Using a dotted line, show a hydrogen bond that could form between them.

2. Draw two water molecules. Using a dotted line, show a hydrogen bond that could form between them. Biology Final Review Packet Directions: Answer the questions below. You may use any notes, worksheets, or your textbook to find the answers. The questions are divided up based on the different units we

More information

Mr. Jensen/Period: 1. The diagram below illustrates the distribution of fossils in undisturbed layers of silt at the bottom of the ocean.

Mr. Jensen/Period: 1. The diagram below illustrates the distribution of fossils in undisturbed layers of silt at the bottom of the ocean. Name: 1. The diagram below illustrates the distribution of fossils in undisturbed layers of silt at the bottom of the ocean. Date: /Page#: Mr. Jensen/Period: 3. In the diagram below of undisturbed sedimentary

More information

Biology Semester 1 Study Guide

Biology Semester 1 Study Guide Name Per Date Biology Semester 1 Study Guide The following Gizmos meet the standards assessed by the Biology EOC and should be reviewed during the first semester: 1. Rabbit Population by Season Gizmo 2.

More information

Miller & Levine Biology 2014

Miller & Levine Biology 2014 A Correlation of Miller & Levine Biology To the Essential Standards for Biology High School Introduction This document demonstrates how meets the North Carolina Essential Standards for Biology, grades

More information

This is DUE: Come prepared to share your findings with your group.

This is DUE: Come prepared to share your findings with your group. Biology 160 NAME: Reading Guide 11: Population Dynamics, Humans, Part I This is DUE: Come prepared to share your findings with your group. *As before, please turn in only the Critical Thinking questions

More information

Introduction - Life Science

Introduction - Life Science CALIFORNIA STANDARDS TEST G R A D E Released Test Questions Science 10 Introduction - Life Science The following released test questions are taken from the Life Science Standards Test. This test is one

More information

Cells and Genetics. Life Science. Cell parts. Cell parts cont. Cell processes. Cell Division 5/4/2015

Cells and Genetics. Life Science. Cell parts. Cell parts cont. Cell processes. Cell Division 5/4/2015 Cells and Genetics Life Science SOL Review Hooke was 1 st person to observe cells Cells Basic Unit of structure and function of life Prokaryote: bacteria/no nucleus Eukaryote: membrane structures; everything

More information

Module A Unit 1 Basic Biological Principles. Mr. Mitcheltree

Module A Unit 1 Basic Biological Principles. Mr. Mitcheltree Module A Unit 1 Basic Biological Principles Mr. Mitcheltree Biochemistry Cytology Genetics Evolution Taxonomy Microbiology Mycology Botany Zoology Ecology Branches of Biology Characteristics of Life Made

More information

SCOPE AND SEQUENCE COURSE TITLE: 10th Grade Biology (Trimester 1)

SCOPE AND SEQUENCE COURSE TITLE: 10th Grade Biology (Trimester 1) SCOPE AND SEQUENCE COURSE TITLE: 10th Grade Biology (Trimester 1) UNIT/T OPIC RESOURC ES/ CHAPTER S Essential Learning Outcomes/ I can Statements ACTIVITIES/ HOW ASSESS MENT Standards/ Benchmarks Technology

More information

Cell Structure and Function

Cell Structure and Function Cell Structure and Function Cell size comparison Animal cell Bacterial cell What jobs do cells have to do for an organism to live Gas exchange CO 2 & O 2 Eat (take in & digest food) Make energy ATP Build

More information

Honors Biology Fall Final Exam Study Guide

Honors Biology Fall Final Exam Study Guide Honors Biology Fall Final Exam Study Guide Helpful Information: Exam has 100 multiple choice questions. Be ready with pencils and a four-function calculator on the day of the test. Review ALL vocabulary,

More information

Name: Class: Date: ID: A

Name: Class: Date: ID: A Class: Date: Ch 7 Review Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Researchers use fluorescent labels and light microscopy to a. follow

More information

Spring 2017 Biology 1 End-of-Course (EOC) Assessment Next Generation Sunshine State Standards (NGSSS) Form 1

Spring 2017 Biology 1 End-of-Course (EOC) Assessment Next Generation Sunshine State Standards (NGSSS) Form 1 Form 1 SC.912.L.1.1 Cell theory; Evaluating scientific claims cell theory 2 SC.912.L.1. Cell membrane; Comparing plant and animal cells common structures; Comparing plant and animal cells mitochondria;

More information

Biology Assessment. Eligible Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills

Biology Assessment. Eligible Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills Biology Assessment Eligible Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills STAAR Biology Assessment Reporting Category 1: Cell Structure and Function The student will demonstrate an understanding of biomolecules

More information

Cell Division: the process of copying and dividing entire cells The cell grows, prepares for division, and then divides to form new daughter cells.

Cell Division: the process of copying and dividing entire cells The cell grows, prepares for division, and then divides to form new daughter cells. Mitosis & Meiosis SC.912.L.16.17 Compare and contrast mitosis and meiosis and relate to the processes of sexual and asexual reproduction and their consequences for genetic variation. 1. Students will describe

More information

Biology 141 General Biology Fall 2014 Dr. Carey Final Exam

Biology 141 General Biology Fall 2014 Dr. Carey Final Exam Biology 141 General Biology Fall 2014 Dr. Carey Final Exam Name Part I Multiple choice 1 pt. each. 1. The oldest fossils yet discovered on Earth are approximately billion years old. A) 4.5 B) 4.0 C) 2.2

More information

Essential Questions. Meiosis. Copyright McGraw-Hill Education

Essential Questions. Meiosis. Copyright McGraw-Hill Education Essential Questions How does the reduction in chromosome number occur during meiosis? What are the stages of meiosis? What is the importance of meiosis in providing genetic variation? Meiosis Vocabulary

More information

Cell Organelles. 2. Cells are the basic unit of organization in an organism Cells tissues organ organ system organism

Cell Organelles. 2. Cells are the basic unit of organization in an organism Cells tissues organ organ system organism Cell Organelles What are some of the differences you see between these two cells? A. Cell Theory 1. All organisms are made up of one or more cells 2. Cells are the basic unit of organization in an organism

More information

Biology, Ongoing Expectations

Biology, Ongoing Expectations 2017.18 Biology, Ongoing Expectations Big Ideas/Key Concepts: Understandings about scientific inquiry and the ability to conduct inquiry are essential for living in the 21 st century. Society benefits

More information

REVIEW 2: CELLS & CELL DIVISION UNIT. A. Top 10 If you learned anything from this unit, you should have learned:

REVIEW 2: CELLS & CELL DIVISION UNIT. A. Top 10 If you learned anything from this unit, you should have learned: Period Date REVIEW 2: CELLS & CELL DIVISION UNIT A. Top 10 If you learned anything from this unit, you should have learned: 1. Prokaryotes vs. eukaryotes No internal membranes vs. membrane-bound organelles

More information

Summary of changes (certificate to new GCSE)

Summary of changes (certificate to new GCSE) Summary of changes (certificate to new GCSE) This resource outlines the main changes that have been made to the assessment and subject content from our legacy Level 1/2 Certificate in Biology (8401) to

More information

BENCHMARK 1 STUDY GUIDE SPRING 2017

BENCHMARK 1 STUDY GUIDE SPRING 2017 BENCHMARK 1 STUDY GUIDE SPRING 2017 Name: There will be semester one content on this benchmark as well. Study your final exam review guide from last semester. New Semester Material: (Chapter 10 Cell Growth

More information

10 th Grade Biology K

10 th Grade Biology K 10 th Grade Biology K Scranton School District Scranton, PA 10 th Grade Biology K Prerequisite: Successful completion of General Science This course is designed to prepare students for proficient and advanced

More information

Cellular Genetics, Structure and Function of DNA in Cells, Genetic Mechanisms and Inheritance, Mutations, Modern genetics 6-7 weeks

Cellular Genetics, Structure and Function of DNA in Cells, Genetic Mechanisms and Inheritance, Mutations, Modern genetics 6-7 weeks Biology Curriculum Map Each unit is allocated an approximate number of weeks using a traditional period schedule. Teachers should adjust these timeframes as needed based on student mastery and formative

More information

2017 DECEMBER BIOLOGY SEMESTER EXAM DISTRICT REVIEW

2017 DECEMBER BIOLOGY SEMESTER EXAM DISTRICT REVIEW Name: Period: 2017 DECEMBER BIOLOGY SEMESTER EXAM DISTRICT REVIEW 1. List the characteristics of living things. (p 7) 2. Use the Aquatic Food Web above to answer the following questions (Ch. 2) a. Which

More information

Prokaryotic cell: 1. Pili 2. n/a 3. ribosomes 4. cytoplasm 5. cell membrane 6. cell wall 7. cpsule 8. nucleoid (DNA) 9. flagella

Prokaryotic cell: 1. Pili 2. n/a 3. ribosomes 4. cytoplasm 5. cell membrane 6. cell wall 7. cpsule 8. nucleoid (DNA) 9. flagella Unit 1 Basic Biological Principles 1. What are the 7 characteristics of life? a. Made of cells b. reproduction c. metabolism d. homeostasis e. heredity f. responsiveness g. growth & development 2. What

More information

Organelles & Cells Student Edition. A. chromosome B. gene C. mitochondrion D. vacuole

Organelles & Cells Student Edition. A. chromosome B. gene C. mitochondrion D. vacuole Name: Date: 1. Which structure is outside the nucleus of a cell and contains DNA? A. chromosome B. gene C. mitochondrion D. vacuole 2. A potato core was placed in a beaker of water as shown in the figure

More information

BIOLOGY Grades Summer Units: 10 high school credits UC Requirement Category: d. General Description:

BIOLOGY Grades Summer Units: 10 high school credits UC Requirement Category: d. General Description: Summer 2015 Units: 10 high school credits UC Requirement Category: d General Description: BIOLOGY Grades 9-12 Summer session biology will be an intense, fast paced course. Students will gain an understanding

More information

Spring 2016 Biology 1 End-of-Course (EOC) Assessment Next Generation Sunshine State Standards (NGSSS) Form 1

Spring 2016 Biology 1 End-of-Course (EOC) Assessment Next Generation Sunshine State Standards (NGSSS) Form 1 Next Generation Sunshine State Standards () Form 1 SC.912.L.1.1 Cell theory; Evaluating scientific claims cell theory 2 SC.912.L.1. Cell wall; Comparing prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells 2 SC.912.L.16.

More information

Biology 126 Syllabus Exploring Biology: Cycles of Life

Biology 126 Syllabus Exploring Biology: Cycles of Life B R O O K D A L E C O M M U N I T Y C O L L E G E Biology 126 Syllabus Exploring Biology: Cycles of Life Biology Program Science & Health Science Division 2 CODE: BIOL 126 TITLE: Exploring Biology: Cycles

More information

Biology Test Review Science 8

Biology Test Review Science 8 Biology Test Review Science 8 Introduction to Cells, Tissues, Organs and Systems 304-7 Explain structural and functional relationships between and among cells, tissues, organs and systems in the human

More information

Cell Structure and Cell Cycle

Cell Structure and Cell Cycle E X E R C I S E 4 Cell Structure and Cell Cycle Materials model or diagram of a cell compound microscopes and lens paper prepared slides of human skeletal muscle cells, pseudostratified ciliated columnar

More information

NGSS Biology Fall Semester Final Review Guided Questions

NGSS Biology Fall Semester Final Review Guided Questions NGSS Biology Fall Semester Final Review Guided Questions Unit 1 Scientific Method 1. Identify the following situations as examples of accuracy, precision, or both a. A basketball player shoots 100 shots

More information

Unit 4 Review - Genetics. UNIT 4 Vocabulary topics: Cell Reproduction, Cell Cycle, Cell Division, Genetics

Unit 4 Review - Genetics. UNIT 4 Vocabulary topics: Cell Reproduction, Cell Cycle, Cell Division, Genetics Unit 4 Review - Genetics Sexual vs. Asexual Reproduction Mendel s Laws of Heredity Patterns of Inheritance Meiosis and Genetic Variation Non-Mendelian Patterns of Inheritance Cell Reproduction/Cell Cycle/

More information

NAME: PERIOD: DATE: A View of the Cell. Use Chapter 8 of your book to complete the chart of eukaryotic cell components.

NAME: PERIOD: DATE: A View of the Cell. Use Chapter 8 of your book to complete the chart of eukaryotic cell components. NAME: PERIOD: DATE: A View of the Cell Use Chapter 8 of your book to complete the chart of eukaryotic cell components. Cell Part Cell Wall Centriole Chloroplast Cilia Cytoplasm Cytoskeleton Endoplasmic

More information

CELL GROWTH AND DIVISION. Chapter 10

CELL GROWTH AND DIVISION. Chapter 10 CELL GROWTH AND DIVISION Chapter 10 Cell division = The formation of 2 daughter cells from a single parent cell Increases ratio of surface area to volume for each cell Allows for more efficient exchange

More information

Curriculum Catalog

Curriculum Catalog 2017-2018 Curriculum Catalog 2017 Glynlyon, Inc. Table of Contents BIOLOGY COURSE OVERVIEW...1 UNIT 1: TAXONOMY: KEY TO ORGANIZATION... 1 UNIT 2: CHEMISTRY OF LIFE... 2 UNIT 3: CELLS... 2 UNIT 4: CELL

More information

7. Which letter in the diagram below indicates the structure that is most closely associated with excretion?

7. Which letter in the diagram below indicates the structure that is most closely associated with excretion? 1. Which sequence of terms is in the correct order from simplest to most complex? 1) cells tissues organs organ systems 2) tissues organisms cells organ systems 3) cells tissues organ systems organs 4)

More information

What Is an Animal? Animals come in many shapes, forms, and sizes. About 98 percent of all animals are invertebrates. The Kingdom Animalia

What Is an Animal? Animals come in many shapes, forms, and sizes. About 98 percent of all animals are invertebrates. The Kingdom Animalia What Is an Animal? What characteristics do all animals have? Animals come in many shapes, forms, and sizes. Scientists estimate that there are between 1 and 2 million species of animals! Some, like whales

More information

1.Study the statement above. Which cell organelle manages the process by which proteins are sorted and packaged to be sent where they are needed?

1.Study the statement above. Which cell organelle manages the process by which proteins are sorted and packaged to be sent where they are needed? Cell organelles carry out specific metabolic processes. 1.Study the statement above. Which cell organelle manages the process by which proteins are sorted and packaged to be sent where they are needed?

More information

Chapter 4. Table of Contents. Section 1 The History of Cell Biology. Section 2 Introduction to Cells. Section 3 Cell Organelles and Features

Chapter 4. Table of Contents. Section 1 The History of Cell Biology. Section 2 Introduction to Cells. Section 3 Cell Organelles and Features Cell Structure and Function Table of Contents Section 1 The History of Cell Biology Section 2 Introduction to Cells Section 3 Cell Organelles and Features Section 4 Unique Features of Plant Cells Section

More information

Plants & Animals: What s the Difference?

Plants & Animals: What s the Difference? Directions: Fill in the blanks. Plants & Animals Overview Segment 1. Plants Are living organisms typically growing in a permanent location Absorb water and inorganic material through a root system Utilize

More information

Sexual Reproduction and Genetics

Sexual Reproduction and Genetics 10 Sexual Reproduction and Genetics section 1 Meiosis Before You Read Think about the traits that make people unique. Some people are tall, while others are short. People can have brown, blue, or green

More information

PACING GUIDE ADVANCED PLACEMENT BIOLOGY

PACING GUIDE ADVANCED PLACEMENT BIOLOGY PACING GUIDE ADVANCED PLACEMENT BIOLOGY BIG IDEAS: 1: The process of evolution drives the diversity and unity of life. 2: Biological systems utilize free energy and molecular building blocks to grow, to

More information

Name Date Class. Meiosis I and Meiosis II

Name Date Class. Meiosis I and Meiosis II Concept Mapping Meiosis I and Meiosis II Complete the events chains about meiosis I and meiosis II. These terms may be used more than once: chromosomes, condense, cytokinesis, equator, line up, nuclei,

More information

is the scientific study of. Gregor Mendel was an Austrian monk. He is considered the of genetics. Mendel carried out his work with ordinary garden.

is the scientific study of. Gregor Mendel was an Austrian monk. He is considered the of genetics. Mendel carried out his work with ordinary garden. 11-1 The 11-1 Work of Gregor Mendel The Work of Gregor Mendel is the scientific study of. Gregor Mendel was an Austrian monk. He is considered the of genetics. Mendel carried out his work with ordinary

More information

Anaphase. Third phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes separate and move to opposite ends of the cell. Animal Cell

Anaphase. Third phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes separate and move to opposite ends of the cell. Animal Cell Anaphase Third phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes separate and move to opposite ends of the cell. Animal Cell Antony Van Leevwenhoek 1643- Dutch microscope maker and merchant, observed and described

More information

Grade Level: Biology I Grading Period: 1 st 9 weeks

Grade Level: Biology I Grading Period: 1 st 9 weeks June 206 Grading Period: st 9 s Scientific Method and Parts of Experiment Chemical Bonding, Properties of Water, ph scale b- Formulate questions that can be answered through research and experimental design.

More information

Characteristics of Life

Characteristics of Life Characteristics of Life All living things share some basic characteristics: 1. Organization 2. Movement 3. Made up of cells 4. Reproduce 5. Grow and / or develop 6. Obtain and use energy 7. Respond to

More information

Biology. Lessons: 15% Quizzes: 25% Projects: 30% Tests: 30% Assignment Weighting per Unit Without Projects. Lessons: 21% Quizzes: 36% Tests: 43%

Biology. Lessons: 15% Quizzes: 25% Projects: 30% Tests: 30% Assignment Weighting per Unit Without Projects. Lessons: 21% Quizzes: 36% Tests: 43% Biology This course consists of 12 units, which provide an overview of the basic concepts and natural laws of Biology. Unit 1 deals with the organization of living organisms. Unit 2 addresses the chemistry

More information

Reinforcement Unit 3 Resource Book. Meiosis and Mendel KEY CONCEPT Gametes have half the number of chromosomes that body cells have.

Reinforcement Unit 3 Resource Book. Meiosis and Mendel KEY CONCEPT Gametes have half the number of chromosomes that body cells have. 6.1 CHROMOSOMES AND MEIOSIS KEY CONCEPT Gametes have half the number of chromosomes that body cells have. Your body is made of two basic cell types. One basic type are somatic cells, also called body cells,

More information

Chapter 3: Cells and Their Functions. Copyright 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Chapter 3: Cells and Their Functions. Copyright 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Chapter 3: Cells and Their Functions Overview Key Terms active transport filtration mitochondria cancer gene mitosis carcinogen hemolysis mutation chromosome hypertonic nucleus cytology hypotonic organelle

More information

Chapter 2 Cells and Cell Division

Chapter 2 Cells and Cell Division Chapter 2 Cells and Cell Division MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. The process of meiosis results in: A. the production of four identical cells B. no change in chromosome number from parental cells C. a doubling of

More information

Behavioral Science, Math, Science, and Physical Education Fall COURSE OUTLINE Critical Concepts in Biology

Behavioral Science, Math, Science, and Physical Education Fall COURSE OUTLINE Critical Concepts in Biology Butler County Community College Susan Forrest/ William Langley Behavioral Science, Math, Science, and Physical Education Fall 2003 COURSE OUTLINE Critical Concepts in Biology Course Description: BI 106.

More information

Lesson Overview Meiosis

Lesson Overview Meiosis 11.4 THINK ABOUT IT As geneticists in the early 1900s applied Mendel s laws, they wondered where genes might be located. They expected genes to be carried on structures inside the cell, but which structures?

More information

Tissues are made of cells that work together, organs are made of tissues that work together, and organ systems are made of organs that work together

Tissues are made of cells that work together, organs are made of tissues that work together, and organ systems are made of organs that work together Study Guide Cells Unit Test Matching. Write the letter of the correct response on the line. You may use the responses more than once. A. proteins B. simple carbohydrates C. complex carbohydrates D. lipids

More information

GRADE 7 SCIENCE Post-Assessment

GRADE 7 SCIENCE Post-Assessment ORANGE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OFFICE OF CURRICULUM AND INSTRUCTION OFFICE OF SCIENCE GRADE 7 SCIENCE Post-Assessment Answer Key and Scoring Guide School Year 2013-2014 SGO Post-Assessment Grade 7 KEY 44 pts total

More information

Cellular Reproduction = Cell Division. Passes on Genes from Cells to Cells Reproduction of Organisms

Cellular Reproduction = Cell Division. Passes on Genes from Cells to Cells Reproduction of Organisms Cellular Reproduction = Cell Division Passes on Genes from Cells to Cells Reproduction of Organisms Genes DNA Chromatin fiber Chromosomes Fig. 9.6 Genes, the segments of DNA, are part of chromatin fiber

More information

Identify stages of plant life cycle Botany Oral/written pres, exams

Identify stages of plant life cycle Botany Oral/written pres, exams DPI Standards Biology Education (for students) 1. Characteristics of organisms Know Properties of living organisms, including: Acquire and use energy and materials Sense and respond to stimuli Reproduce

More information

http://koning.ecsu.ctstateu.edu/cell/cell.html 4A: Students will compare and contrast prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells Robert Hooke (1665) Used a compound microscope to look at thin slices of cork (oak

More information

Chapter 3: Cells. Lectures by Mark Manteuffel, St. Louis Community College

Chapter 3: Cells. Lectures by Mark Manteuffel, St. Louis Community College Chapter 3: Cells Lectures by Mark Manteuffel, St. Louis Community College Learning Objectives Be able to describe: what a cell is & two main classes of cells. structure & functions of cell membranes. how

More information

Unit 2: Cellular Chemistry, Structure, and Physiology Module 5: Cellular Reproduction

Unit 2: Cellular Chemistry, Structure, and Physiology Module 5: Cellular Reproduction Unit 2: Cellular Chemistry, Structure, and Physiology Module 5: Cellular Reproduction NC Essential Standard: 1.2.2 Analyze how cells grow and reproduce in terms of interphase, mitosis, and cytokinesis

More information

3.2. Eukaryotic Cells and Cell Organelles. Teacher Notes and Answers. section

3.2. Eukaryotic Cells and Cell Organelles. Teacher Notes and Answers. section section 3.2 Eukaryotic Cells and Cell Organelles Teacher Notes and Answers SECTION 2 Instant Replay 1. Answers will vary. An example answer is a shapeless bag. 2. store and protect the DNA 3. mitochondria

More information

Unit 5: Living beings

Unit 5: Living beings Unit 5: Living beings 1. Characteristics of living beings 2. Composition of living beings 3. The cell 4. The vital functions 5. Levels of organisation Think and answer? a. What living beings can you see

More information

Name 2015-Biology Final Exam STUDY GUIDE

Name 2015-Biology Final Exam STUDY GUIDE Name 2015-Biology Final Exam STUDY GUIDE Chapter 10 - Cell Growth and Division Describe why cells divide instead of growing larger o DNA overload -Problem: o Surface area:volume ratio-problem: o Division

More information

2. What is meiosis? The process of forming gametes (sperm and egg) 4. Where does meiosis take place? Ovaries- eggs and testicles- sperm

2. What is meiosis? The process of forming gametes (sperm and egg) 4. Where does meiosis take place? Ovaries- eggs and testicles- sperm Name KEY Period Biology Review Standard 3 Main Idea Explain the significance of meiosis and fertilization in genetic variation. How I can demonstrate what a smart. Person I am 1. What is fertilization?

More information

Class IX: Biology Chapter 5: The fundamental unit of life. Chapter Notes. 1) In 1665, Robert Hooke first discovered and named the cells.

Class IX: Biology Chapter 5: The fundamental unit of life. Chapter Notes. 1) In 1665, Robert Hooke first discovered and named the cells. Class IX: Biology Chapter 5: The fundamental unit of life. Key learnings: Chapter Notes 1) In 1665, Robert Hooke first discovered and named the cells. 2) Cell is the structural and functional unit of all

More information

Science Syllabus Grade 7

Science Syllabus Grade 7 Science Syllabus Grade 7 Vision All SPS students will participate in rigorous, standards-based science inquiry and will be prepared for college-level science coursework and competition in the global marketplace.

More information

CELLS Summarize the structures and functions of the

CELLS Summarize the structures and functions of the CELLS 7-2.1 Summarize the structures and functions of the major components of plant and animal cells (including the cell wall, the cell membrane, the nucleus, chloroplasts, mitochondria, and vacuoles).

More information

Mitosis and Genetics Study Guide Answer Key

Mitosis and Genetics Study Guide Answer Key Mitosis and Genetics Study Guide Answer Key 1. Which of the following is true of Interphase? a. It is part of Meiosis b. It occurs before Meiosis c. The cell does normal cell activities during interphase

More information

What is the role of the nucleus? What is the role of the cytoplasm? What is the role of the mitochondria? What is the role of the cell wall. membrane?

What is the role of the nucleus? What is the role of the cytoplasm? What is the role of the mitochondria? What is the role of the cell wall. membrane? Page 1 What is the role of the nucleus? What is the role of the cytoplasm? What is the role of the cell membrane? What is the role of the mitochondria? What is the role of ribosomes? What is the role of

More information

Living Things are Highly Organized. Levels of Organization

Living Things are Highly Organized. Levels of Organization Living Things are Highly Organized Levels of Organization Characteristics of Living Things 1.Made Up of Cells 2. Reproduction 3. Contains DNA; Living things are based on a universal genetic code. 4. Growth

More information

Review Sheet Scientific Method and Characteristics of Life

Review Sheet Scientific Method and Characteristics of Life Review Sheet Scientific Method and Characteristics of Life In the following situation, identify the hypothesis, independent variable, dependent variable, the control and constants. After studying about

More information

Kentucky Core Content for Science Assessment Correlations

Kentucky Core Content for Science Assessment Correlations Kentucky Core Content for Science LIFE SCIENCE STANDARDS THE CELL 3.1.1: Cells have particular structures that underlie their function. Every cell is surrounded by a membrane that separates it from the

More information

CLASS SET DO NOT WRITE ON THIS TEST! Please do not cross off answers, circle answers, or mark on this test in any way. Thank you!

CLASS SET DO NOT WRITE ON THIS TEST! Please do not cross off answers, circle answers, or mark on this test in any way. Thank you! CLASS SET DO NOT WRITE ON THIS TEST! Please do not cross off answers, circle answers, or mark on this test in any way. Thank you! 1) Unlike mitosis, meiosis in male mammals results in the formation of

More information

Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction Chapter 11. Reproduction Section 1

Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction Chapter 11. Reproduction Section 1 Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction Chapter 11 Reproduction Section 1 Reproduction Key Idea: An individual formed by asexual reproduction is genetically identical to its parent. Asexual Reproduction In asexual

More information

Chapter 11: The Continuity of Life: Cellular Reproduction. What is Cellular Reproduction?

Chapter 11: The Continuity of Life: Cellular Reproduction. What is Cellular Reproduction? Chapter 11: The Continuity of Life: Cellular Reproduction What is Cellular Reproduction? Answer: The division of a parent cell into two daughter cells Requirements of Each Daughter Cell: 1) Necessary genomic

More information

BIO 2 GO! 3216a The Cell Organelles and Nucleus Function

BIO 2 GO! 3216a The Cell Organelles and Nucleus Function BIO 2 GO! 3216a The Cell Organelles and Nucleus Function The cell is the smallest unit of life. Each living cell has a nucleus which functions to control the actions of the rest of the cell. Upon successful

More information

Name Date Class CHAPTER 10. Section 1: Meiosis

Name Date Class CHAPTER 10. Section 1: Meiosis Name Date Class Study Guide CHAPTER 10 Section 1: Meiosis In your textbook, read about meiosis I and meiosis II. Label the diagrams below. Use these choices: anaphase I anaphase II interphase metaphase

More information

Biology Keystone Exam Review Packet

Biology Keystone Exam Review Packet Biology Keystone Exam Review Packet 2012 2013 1. Which characteristic is shared by all prokaryotes and eukaryotes? A. Ability to store hereditary information B. Use of organelles to control cell processes

More information

7 th Grade Science Curriculum

7 th Grade Science Curriculum (1 st 9 Weeks- 1 st 4.5 9 Weeks) Date Hobbs Science By being embedded throughout the, these Processing Skills will be addressed throughout the year. NM & 1 Scientific Thinking and Practice Understand the

More information

Cells. B. the development of advanced techniques to determine the chemical composition of substances

Cells. B. the development of advanced techniques to determine the chemical composition of substances ells Name: ate: 1. Which factor contributed most to the development of the cell theory? 1.. the discovery of many new species during the last century. the development of advanced techniques to determine

More information

NEW YORK STATE TEACHER CERTIFICATION EXAMINATIONS

NEW YORK STATE TEACHER CERTIFICATION EXAMINATIONS NEW YORK STATE TEACHER CERTIFICATION EXAMINATIONS TEST DESIGN AND FRAMEWORK DRAFT October 2017 This document is a working draft. The information in this document is subject to change, and any changes will

More information

GENERAL SAFETY: Follow your teacher s directions. Do not work in the laboratory without your teacher s supervision.

GENERAL SAFETY: Follow your teacher s directions. Do not work in the laboratory without your teacher s supervision. Name: Bio AP Lab: Cell Division B: Mitosis & Meiosis (Modified from AP Biology Investigative Labs) BACKGROUND: One of the characteristics of living things is the ability to replicate and pass on genetic

More information

Name Class Date. Complete each of the following sentences by choosing the correct term from the word bank.

Name Class Date. Complete each of the following sentences by choosing the correct term from the word bank. Skills Worksheet Chapter Review USING KEY TERMS Complete each of the following sentences by choosing the correct term from the word bank. cell organ cell membrane prokaryote organelles eukaryote cell wall

More information

ISTEP+: Biology I End-of-Course Assessment Released Items and Scoring Notes

ISTEP+: Biology I End-of-Course Assessment Released Items and Scoring Notes ISTEP+: Biology I End-of-Course Assessment Released Items and Scoring Notes Introduction Indiana students enrolled in Biology I participated in the ISTEP+: Biology I Graduation Examination End-of-Course

More information

Typical Life Cycle of Algae and Fungi. 5 Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.

Typical Life Cycle of Algae and Fungi. 5 Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Module 3B Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles In this module, we will examine a second type of cell division used by eukaryotic cells called meiosis. In addition, we will see how the 2 types of eukaryotic cell

More information

Pre-lab Homework Lab 4: The Cell

Pre-lab Homework Lab 4: The Cell Lab Section: Name: Pre-lab Homework After reading over the lab and the cell chapter in your textbook, answer these questions to be turned in at the beginning of the lab! 1. Define organelle : Two examples

More information