Introduction to Animals (Chapter 32) Identify what type of body symmetry is being exhibited by each of the following organisms

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1 NAME Introduction to Animals (Chapter 32) Identify what type of body symmetry is being exhibited by each of the following organisms What view is Figure A giving of the human body? 5. Which view is Figure B giving of the human body? N/A 6. If you were told to look at point A on the diagram, what end of the organism would you be viewing? point A Figure A 1

2 Fill In The Blank Fertilization Excretory Zygote Cellular Respiration Reproductive Ingest Sexual Heterotrophic Circulatory Endoskeleton Respiratory Exoskeleton 7. Humans are considered to be because they cannot produce their own food. As a result, they must eat or food. 8. Johnny was in a car accident and punctured a lung. What body system did he injure? 9. The body system mentioned in question 8 functions hand-in-hand (not literally) with the system to allow many animals to breathe and supply cells with oxygen so they can undergo the process of in the mitochondria. 10. The picture below is showing the process of. It will produce a diploid cell known as the. This process is made possible by the system. A sperm fertilizes an egg in a process known as reproduction which typically involves two parents. 11. After drinking a 44 oz. Mountain Dew, Ace s system was working hard to filter his blood and maintain water balance in his body. 12. A major difference between many vertebrates and invertebrates is the type of structural support their bodies have. Most vertebrates have a(n) that attaches to muscles for movement and protects some organs while many invertebrates have a covering known as a(n). 2

3 Multiple Choice 13. On a beautiful spring day Cinderella was cutting some roses in the garden and incurred a laceration to her integument. This could be more simply described as: a. severe allergic reaction b. cut to her skin c. an involuntary reflex caused by the nervous system d. rapid increase in heart rate caused by excitement 14. When we refer to an animal as having cephalization, we are typically referring to the type/location of their: a. reproductive system b. circulatory system c. nervous system d. digestive system 15. Muscle cells in your arm are not able to conduct nerve impulses. It is the job of neurons to conduct nerve impulses. This is an example of: a. cell individuality b. commensalism c. cell specialization d. mutualism 16. A lion, elephant, bear, and elk walked into a restaurant and sat down for dinner. Who would be most likely to order a grilled chicken salad? a. the lion b. the elephant c. the bear d. the elk 3

4 Sponges, Cnidarians, and Ctenophores Chapter 33 Place each box with its appropriate phylum below. b i o l u m i n e s c e 1. Porifera 2. Cnidarian 3. Ctenophore 4

5 Short Answer 4. Explain the difference between the two structures in Box A. 5. What is the function of the structure in Box B? 6. What is the function of the structure in Box C? Multiple Choice 7. Which of the following might get accused of always sitting around like a bump on a log? a. a Cnidarian polyp b. an adult Porifera c. both a and b d. none of the above 8. Where might Nemo seek refuge? a. in a Cnidarian polyp b. in a Cnidarian medussa c. in a Ctenophore d. in a Porifera 9. Which Phylum might we call Hoovers (vacuums) because of the way they feed? a. Porifera b. Cnidarians c. Ctenophores d. Anthozoans 5

6 10. Why might a sea sponge not serve as the greatest pillow to sleep on? a. Their cells would sting you when you laid on them. b. The chemicals responsible for their bioluminescence would burn your skin. c. The sponging and spicules that function as a skeleton would be uncomfortable. d. There would not be a problem. Bring on the Sponge Bob pillow! 11. Members of the phylum Porifera are capable of producing both sperm and egg. As a result, they are said to be: a. transgender b. hermaphroditic c. sterile d. competitive breeders 12. Name 3 examples of Cnidarians. 13. Where are stinging cells of Cnidarians located? Why is this a good location for these cells? 14. How do coral reefs form? What compound are the reefs made of? 15. Explain the different ways a sponge can reproduce. 6

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