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1 Parts of the Cell book pgs

2 Animal Cell Cytoplasm Cell Membrane Go to Section:

3 Eukaryotic Cell: Organelles & Functions 1. Cell Membrane (Nickname: skin ) Function: A protective layer that covers the cell s surface Controls what moves in and out of the cell Located: Oxygen, carbon dioxide, H 2 O, wastes, food, etc In plant cells, it is to the inside of the cell wall In animal cells, it is the outermost part of the cell

4 Eukaryotic Cell : Organelles & Functions 2. Cytoplasm (Nickname: gel ) Function: The jelly-like fluid that fills the cell Located: Inside of the cell membrane of both plant & animal cells

5 Animal Cell Cytoplasm Nucleolus Nucleus Cell Membrane Go to Section:

6 Eukaryotic Cell: Organelles & Functions 3. Nucleus (Nickname: The Control Center or Brain ) Function: contains the cell s DNA **Parts inside the nucleus: 4. Chromosomes: strands of DNA (genetic material) 5. Nucleolus: dark spot in the middle of the nucleus that helps make ribosomes Located: all three parts above are found in both plant & animal cells

7

8 Animal Cell Cytoplasm Nucleolus Nucleus Ribosomes Cell Membrane Go to Section:

9 Eukaryotic Cell: Organelles & Functions 6. Ribosomes (Nickname: The factory ) Function: makes proteins Located: -- in the cytoplasm of all cells-- prokaryotic & eukaryotic -- some are attached to the ER

10 Animal Cell Cytoplasm Nucleolus Nucleus Ribosomes Cell Membrane Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Go to Section:

11 Eukaryotic Cell: Organelles & Functions 7. Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) (Nickname: Roads ) Function: transports proteins & other materials around the cell Located: -- in the cytoplasm of plant & animal cells -- usually found near the nucleus

12 Section 7-2 Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Animal Cell Cytoplasm Nucleolus Nucleus Ribosomes Cell Membrane Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Golgi Complex Go to Section:

13 Eukaryotic Cell: Organelles & Functions 8. Golgi Complex (Nickname: The shippers ) Function: -- packages proteins and fats **Appearance: stack of pancakes Located: in the cytoplasm of plant & animal cells

14 Section 7-2 Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Animal Cell Cytoplasm Nucleolus Nucleus Ribosomes Cell Membrane Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Golgi Bodies Go to Section:

15 Eukaryotic Cell: Organelles & Functions 9. Lysosomes: (Nickname: Clean-up Crew ) Function: -- digests food into particles the rest of the cell can use -- destroy old cells, wastes & foreign invaders **Appearance: circular, but bigger than ribosomes Located: found mainly in animal cells

16 Section 7-2 Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Animal Cell Cytoplasm Nucleolus Nucleus Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum Ribosomes Cell Membrane Mitochondria Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Golgi Bodies

17 Eukaryotic Cell: Organelles & Functions 10. Mitochondria (Nickname: The Powerhouse ) Function: -- breaks down food/sugar to release energy **Appearance: they are the size of some bacteria Located: in the cytoplasm of plant & animal cells

18

19 Section 7-2 Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Plant Cell Vacuole Cell Membrane Go to Section:

20 Eukaryotic Cell: Organelles & Functions 11. Vacuoles (Nickname: Storage Cabinet ) Function: In Plant Cells: Very large; stores water Animal Cells: Much smaller; stores water & other materials Located: in the cytoplasm

21 Section 7-2 Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Plant Cell Vacuole Chloroplasts Cell Membrane Go to Section:

22 Eukaryotic Cell: Organelles & Functions 12. Chloroplasts (Nickname: The Green Machine ) Function: converts ( traps ) energy from the sun to produce food (PHOTOSYNTHESIS) **Appearance: Green in color because of chlorophyll, which is a green pigment Located: in the cytoplasm of plant cells

23 Chloroplasts

24 Section 7-2 Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Plant Cell Vacuole Chloroplasts Cell Membrane Cell Wall Go to Section:

25 Eukaryotic Cell: Organelles & Functions 13. Cell Wall Function: provides support and protection to the cell membrane Located: Found outside the cell membrane in plant cells

26 Plant Cell Cytoplasm Vacuole Chloroplasts Cell Membrane Cell Wall Smooth ER Ribosomes Golgi Bodies Nucleolus Nucleus Mitochondria Rough ER

27 Animal Cells vs. Plant Cells

28

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