L IFE S CIENCE BASIC. NotB oring. Inventive Exercises to Sharpen Skills and Raise Achievement. Imogene Forte & Marjorie Frank

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1 The BASIC NotB oring SERIES SCIENCE SKILLS IP MIDDLE GRADES L IFE S CIENCE Inventive Exercises to Sharpen Skills and Raise Achievement Series Concept & Development by Imogene Forte & Marjorie Frank Exercises by Marjorie Frank INCENTIVE PUBLICATIONS

2 TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION... Celebrate Basic Life Science Skills... 7 Skills Checklist for Life Science... 8 SKILLS EXERCISES... 9 That s Life!... (Characteristics of Living Things) Osmosis Is Not a Disease... (Cell Processes) A Cell-a-Bration... (Cell Structure) Welcome to the Kingdom... (Classification of Life) A Visit from a Virus... (Viruses & Monerans) Strange Choice of Friends... (Fungi & Protists) Plant Parts, Inc.... (Plant Structure) Plant Antics... (Plant Processes) What Do Bees Know?... (Flower Parts/Angiosperm Reproduction) Would You Sleep on a Monocot?... (Plant Facts & Vocabulary) Bones or No Bones?... (Vertebrates & Invertebrates) A Side View... (Animal Symmetry) File into Phyla... (Animal Classification) Of Worms, Jellyfish, & Sponges... (Simple Invertebrates) It s Hard to Ignore a Squid... (Mollusks & Echinoderms) Outnumbered!... (Arthropods) Confusion in the Web... (Arachnids) Bugs by the Millions... (Insects)... 30

3 The Most Amazing Changes... (Metamorphosis in Insects) Blood That s Cold... (Fish, Reptiles, & Amphibians) Blood That s Warm... (Birds & Mammals) Class Assignments... (Vertebrate Classes) Backbone Required... (Vertebrate Facts) Behaving Like Animals... (Animal Behavior) Scales for a Crocodile?... (Animal-Related Vocabulary) The Habitat Habit... (Habitats) Something s Wrong Here... (Habitats) Home, Home on the Biome... (Biomes) Everybody s in a Chain... (Food Chains) What s What in the Ecosystem?... (Ecosystems) Relationships in the Ecosystem... (Ecosystems) Cycle Circles... (Natural Cycles) Eco-Talk... (Ecology) How Resourceful Are You?... (Natural Resources) Under the Microscope... (Microscope Use) APPENDIX Glossary Protist, Moneran, & Fungus Kingdoms Plant Kingdom Animal Kingdom Life Science Skills Test Skills Test Answer Key Answers... 62

4 Characteristics of Living Things THAT S LIFE! How do you tell that something is living? You just check to see if the thing has the 7 characteristics of all living things. I. Each picture here represents one of the characteristics. Label each picture with a phrase that tells what characteristic of life it shows. II. The page below shows a student s notes from her science log. She is writing some things she s learned about the characteristics of living things. Fill in the blanks with the missing words. (Choose from the box at the bottom of the page.) Each living thing is called an. The basic unit of structure and function in an organism is the. Three main elements that make up living things are about 10,, and. Water makes up of most organisms. It helps to food through the organism and also helps remove. Oxygen is used by organisms to help release from food. A trait that helps an organism survive and change to fit its environment is called an. A is a group of cells with similar shape and function that perform a specific job. An 13 perform a life activity. A 19 work together to carry on life activities is a group of tissues that work together to is a group of organs that Name Basic Skills Life Science tissue energy fertilization nitrogen carbon cell organism hydrogen oxygen circulate water 70% organ carbon dioxide adaptation system 50% 30% 10 wastes digestion Copyright 1997 by Incentive Publications, Inc., Nashville, TN.

5 OSMOSIS IS NOT A DISEASE cell division Cell Processes Osmosis may sound like a disease. But it is not! It s the name of one of the processes that occupy the lives of living cells. Ozzy Mosis, the budding young scientist, needs help sorting out these processes. For each question, choose one of the words below that names the process. (A word may be used more than once.) homeostasis osmosis diffusion metabolism plasmolysis mitosis active transport respiration 1. Crowded particles in water move from their tight space to a place where there is more room. What s going on? 2. Celery stalk cells go limp when water diffuses out. Why? 3. A cell s nucleus divides into 2 nuclei so 2 new cells can form. What process is this? 4. Cells in a plant root drink in water through the cell membrane. What process is going on? 5. The growth, repair, and use of food in your body are all part of what cell process? 6. Single cells split into 2 cells. What process is this? 7. Cells break down food in a chemical reaction that releases energy. What process is this? 8. During exercise, your body sweats to cool off so its temperature doesn t get too high. What process is this? 9. Energy is used to move particles from a place of lower to higher concentration. What cell process is this? 10. Your body shivers to warm up muscles when you sit on an iceberg in your swimsuit. What cell process is this? 11. What process is the opposite of active transport? 12. What process happens in the cell before cell division can take place? 13. The sum of all chemical changes that occur in an organism is what process? Name Basic Skills Life Science Copyright 1997 by Incentive Publications, Inc., Nashville, TN.

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